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Ths Study of Political Economy.
' ' ' ' o
IY t MlXtl.
roM mcht'i at tne basts' MA&aiiKSa
( Tli ore it no such thing as habitually violating
a law of Gixl and neaping punishment. I'i
Cons scratch the Surface of the ground, "
their capacious crop with beech-nut, and oth
er fooj, multiply in indefinite1 millions, nnd are
happy ao long a nature feed them. Squirrel
have their "store-house", like merchant, and
work industriously In autumn lo fill them, and
when full, they wax a fat a aldefinen, propa
gate, and rejoice iti plenty o Ionj$ a iVlast.
To build cities out of the proceed of desolated
continent at any time during the last five thou
and year, would ecm to demand small wit and
les science. 4,R. S." want no agricultural
schools or college, no addition d mean for
te&uainp; the true principle of rural and political
economy. Hum in knowledge of tho immulahlo
Lws of the Creator, affecting man's destiny in
Uii world, is so perfect, that no government,
either Stat or Naiional. should think of found
ing one more educational institution! He docs
not deny thit it is proper to foster the study of
all other cienc.', but uch as have direct bearing-son
agriculture, the improvement of domestic
smimils, an Id the fruits which conlrihiiie so
much to the health and comfort of all civilized
cimraunitios. Thi is something gained. Is it
not passin? strange that educated men, who pcr
ccivtf so clearly that "knowledge i power, are
of seeing that ignorance M'"ore than doubled the force of human thoughts j
irr.ni aiw.tvi iLc neuvio rrrc uiaL a, vuuui ub
if- u - r : - t .n i. ...i i
bl able to useF all the element, of fertility, of !?f th,elr.r'1, 'f J ls able " bestow a
heat and .unshine, a. well a, water, atmospher- hu.?dr?d tlart for onf V ls we.na; no' h f
o.ir, and earthy mineral to the be.t advan- 1!'?h "vcHou. y reproductive, Ad
fre. TodoUii.; he must be acquainted with I ' Smith and M ikhus to thixx-ontrarj , notwith-
the known nowers of both vfcetable and animal 1
Vitality, as thev exist in the livin? bcincn which
he will labor through life to multiply.
.... p. .
: j -i r -11 : i . r
imtls. he cii nrovida forth, same in .h mn,t ,
. : 1 ... ... ti...: ..i.i r.i i.'ored
uuiiuiiiiuui vvny. i auir iiiuiajciinuuic luuti is
his riches, and the basis of nil national wealth.
There it no necessity of impoverishing Ameri
can soil, and thereby making each succ&ding
crop of coin, tobacco'and grain, cost jnorc lu
hyr per pound to produce it. Ignorance is the
r . , , 1 . . . e. . . .. .
iHirciib ui iiiia iiuiiuiiiii iu, wiuuu iuii jur
heavier on trade and Commerce than on the till- j
ers of the earU.. ft poor land give, but half a
. ,j ,1 1 , . . j. 1
crop of cotton, the planter gets two price lor it
v 1 . -i r' . 1 1 ic.i
per pound, while factors lose half their commis-
...1 r:-k l
.V.l i.ir .1 Y. . 1 v
manuracturer half tl
half their altowan.,- ot cotton yarns, print, and
plain cloth. CU' : 11 men, the prftlucir is least
' ,. . 1 u . i,., ...: .::..., uiiioiiai uisniriioii was --uie nmv uiusc
1 " Dh",1V-LJ?tTi, PL in Z' the camel's back." The host incontinently fled the
wool ana cottog, v. lose market iwiee is ini.epa- .. . , . , . , . . . ,f. ,
, rably connected wi Ii the continued fruitlulnes tablc laving his guest alone m his maudlin glory,
of cuhivated land.c? -H. S." ay, "let thecob-J Tos Youno Sue Volobtllhs iir Mex
ler stick to hi last, as though te productive qc0 .A,wriler in 4 CaiWian paper, describing
power of Uie soil d.d not concern every human 'the peculiarities of "the young men in Illinois,
ling, who lujamomh toXed and u back to tells the following story: -Thu way, that the
clothe. In twenty years from Una-time, lUcre Suukcr Volunteer fought in Mexico, may
will be ten millions ot farni laborers constantly ive gomc Uea of cTliuracteritic. tile
at Work, digging from the auol every atoia tliat.vug tfl(!re perl'oci.lv .losnonite in fJ.l.t . ne o.
g2s. to fena cotton, griu ki.J iov...oi, to be tile0n;ccri related to uie a little scene'wi.ich oc
waed at homo, or sentcto market, but never toiCUrrcd ut 1JICI- VisUf; when the wllole bruui ol
he returned to Uie ground whence it wa taken. lhu Mexican ftlvmo was home by an Illinois
In this operation, ngricultunsts will plow deep ic,r;mL.nt.-, lt Beemt.;1 though they would be
a rA lion limn nM;f rlnmnnrl riMiia 1 1 t,iru I m iri ti . t u C . . . .
... m.v ...u,..s......u...wUcU....fv.......l
lake harbor, and improvement ot rivers. T!e,.
Ration's goose lay. egg of pure gold, and she
musx be killed in the least nossiule timer hat
has posterity done for us. that we should forW
to impoyensh one acre of land between New
Brunswick ainl th Rio Grande Suppose that
, .. . v ,l ....
V . ,V',V" "f r" p
IIU1.UIU . iini lu ui" uxyiuc unauu,
- . ... - - . -
Wbicll IS avniluble by tillage lor the p-rowtll ot
firm lin.rA urtl ft,-. U'l.ncl ni1 ftiA Ktniiriixl ni...
crops, have not the wisest anil the smartest ni!o-
ctile ia'the world, a perfect rielit to extritet this
alkali, and tftrow evcrr, PO.ml of it Into New
York and Boston harbors, in nij;ht soil? Ad-1 b
mit there are a thousand other citic and villa-1 Jehkmiau Spelr, of Patterson, (N. J.) iidver
, fT 'he Union, ft-hich have .an equal right to tises his wile. Kuchaol, as h.iving lei I ins bed
cast into rivers and lakes, th'eraw material of ami bo .nl, an I cuM-ion neonlo 1111 to lui-hur or
crop, and that there is no lack of milroaibj to!
- I.IjjI l o
transport csiCTicuIlural sUiples'to tlis-places ol
consumption; now many yearsowm 11 require 10
remove all the potash willun two feet of tho
surface, provided always tliat (ve farmers are
Industrious, use tho needful lime, subsoil, aid
drain where necesarj-?0 I conf'es I desire to
ee the end of this business, in which ngricultu-
rit, mechanic, mamifucturer, merchant, and
11 other 'classo, are equally cngiged. An ull
vise God has denied man power to annihilate a
aingle atom of matter; but he ha not prevenied
him fronv making vast desert in eastern Asia,
wh.rA coliltn rnirvests onpr rpioioed tho bi;irtR
alike afTeaper. or the denizen of inagi,if,eent stay till he got wwiied,' beiore I would live with
citiea. rAdegreeof injury to arafed land,which, him. tio 0KacBai;u Si-llh.
it took the primitive Asiatic a century to in- ; 0 " : " i i
flict, we can accomplish in ten year, by ourj J111.1 ivakdolfu. Joint innaoipii wa,s a man,
, vastly uperior knowledge of mechanirtil and,.01; cc-ceiuriy genius, und often by tho quaiiina,s
of a sentence or a Question, left UDjil Ins hearer
to impoverish, we are beyond oompnrison, the
mot skilUul operators ut the business Mie w orld
lias ever seen, pur economical theory is, that
the raw material for making cotton, tobacco,
graiflf, grass and roots, cost nothing, and is
, worth us little? This is the fundamental error
of Affvcrioan agriculture (he b-.M'it of our na
tional extravagance and lolly, lliere is as lit
tie diificully ia' aceyinulating the clemonf ofiO'iy one, alter this, says there is no God, tell
food and olothing, both in the soil and out of it,
as there i in saving a cask of,, potash or of gu
" ano. " When 100 pounds f inantire will produce
800 of wheat, or 600, of corn, hy not husband
ow ox wneau or uuu oi corn, wuv iioi nusuunu
, r .... . ! 'r A . .
the fertiliser, and thereby prove tlut American
. . , - j. i , ..
Ausoona-men know someuiingof hulutni-rr
B it if the products of the soil pass out of the
possession of tho farmer, it is not he, but the
consumer, who should husband the elements of
fertilily. We farmers curv. do nothing in the
way of correcting the evil without the co-operation
of all t htit dwell in cities and villages.
- Your political economy wages a successful war
upon our ffm economy; and if we are denied
both municipal anj legislative aid, the great work
. of land-killing must go oi for nges to come. Jl'il
. Lje i performed not for the cultivators-alone: and
; good husbandry claims, & has a right to claim., the
rffeclve friendship of all that in any way par
ticipate in it invaluable fruit, lieny it who
will, it i o weighty truth, nevertheless, that
such reasonable friendship it lias never had.
R. S." should know that hi principle? '-lev
the cobler (tick to hi last," i incompatible wirfi
any advancement or improvement whateve
Had every twin stuck to las lust, there i'r
would have been a canal, or railroad, or steam-
' engine in the world. !Id the profeiior of W-
' jo in Glasgow University stuck to bis last, the
"Wealth of Nation" would no Nve boon writ
U'O. I deiire the critical study of pol icul
ocmoray tot twa objects, and two ulonee. The
first is, that the American people may know
Imttur hovr to create national walth; und the
Isecoml i, tltal Uiry may far hotter tinileratand
how 10 kwp make wisoHM U the prop-
1 U I I. tnrlnairv ru:. 1 1 f i
'call intn existence. Neither the soiunoe f
keeping property, Dor the art or producing it, l
known to the laboring millions in Uii or any
other country. With your permission, Mr. Ed
itor, I shall undertake to prove to the satisfac
tion of every fair minded reader, in future num
bers of the Merchants' Magazine, tbat one per
cent of the property which ignorance annually
.i....Ai.. : i ...r.. if
ULBll I.J in UIQ SlllkCU UUtlVB, I SfUIIB.llGll., U
Iiroperly expended, to remove such ignorance,
'roduclion does not exist ,in humiin muscle,
bone and nerves, no more than it doe m those
of a wild elephant nor will the unwise educa
cation of man increase his power of production
beyond his necessary consumption. There are
many kinds as well as degrees of knowledge,
and the world has net fully attained the best.
We have, however, useful knowledge enough
for eed, and if it be planted in American soil,
and cultivated with that attention and care
which so great an interest dcsojve, this Repub
lican Empire will reap a harvest of riches and
happiness, of glory and true honor, beyond
what any stutesmun, philosopher or philanthro
pist ever drcumcd of. God lias given us all the
esser.I'al clement ot boundless wealth, all pot
silne" inducements to foster soience, increase ug.
ricultural knowledge, ant? tvscd out 01 L.4
uiur mind all motives of hostility ngainst the
rich, by removing from the human heart every
four ol injustice and oppression. Coward Fear
is a tyrant and a devil, and Science is liov bnly
pow;r on earth that can chain him. Science ha
una nanus w it mil liiu iubi i w 111 -ii c j cai :) auu i
'I i I 4 L
ti . . . . - . .
reason enouzn to chevuli the itrolihc tourct
gli to clicrial. tlie proliliu tuurcc
. . . o
o . ..
Cooke 1.1 Pantomime. Cooke, the great tra
gedian, (whoscerson and manners will still be
remembered by many m W York.) ei.deuv
on one occ.Ysion, uCllie tiible'ol' a lricud, to
make his hosfpTiiAi at flie representation of cere
tail? passions from the assumed expression of his
features. Ilia '-power of face," however, was
too iViuCivulcsBeu h iiio winu he had urunk, lo
be useful. The misconception ol "Fear," for
"Anmr.!) nnd "Svinnalhv. tor "Jcalousv.
. 1 1 . i i . - " r i.
lhe.Plir'0,fI!l hos ' f Co?ko s ,rc-. " W
gn, &irP ho exclaimed, making up a face that
was at the same time inalijniant leering.
. ... 4.. ,,,, ,, 1,1.
"Who is that, airi' It was pronounced to be
,, , .
"Revenge!" ejaculated the' great
uctor "Aa-BE-vtNOEl! vo.il dolt! thut i Lovt;
Look "S""- ' 'l 'ov.E T1'c
? e,nP passion byl
tinmini.ac.a t,v superiority ot numbers, wtitu u
vnlur SllIlL i,:. jn;, .i..iii,.ruielv. un.l
dr d u .Mexican. &7 p the V ins!" ami the j
...1 i . ... i. ... . 1 .. . .... . . ., I
wjioiu rt'L'inieiii iook uu iie woi u, tinu i cvi
firc WOM 8!;ollt "Set uthe pins!:". Tlie ol-; K.er-. ff- ied l.y imy house. -.As reids theiN les an
lict. ,he. lo.hu-Je demons', Mid Willi t.s :Vu-kec l our tf oiU " is uschas. to p.-ak, as e
, !u 3 . ag K .rt.e AlU .r,,.t.i.o.. lar and wide, oi keep,,i,e
oanoUiiT .timLs wncn a .-vlurge was orUcred, one
of hc oillCfTS COllIll IH
not lliilik of the wuru, lilld
v. iiiu vmvw .uuiit uu. until, v, ..... viwj -uu
llc s,OU;eJ "Lr 'cr iJii;" when the whole line'
. . . . . - . .. ... .
i,,,.... ,.,,i .: i, .i. ;,..n ,.i ..i . , ...i'
.i..f.,V : .1... ': - . i 1 .:,;. .,.i
T. T f ? , -b 6
trust her on his account. lt..cliaol spttrs Jiim
b.ick neain, in the lollowniif, w uch allows her
spunk, ut liiictl: 0J
Noiice.--1 saw in the Guardian uii'.vcr-j
tisemeiu signed Jeremiah Speer, foi-bi Lliii atiy I
one harhoriug or triuling me on his uccoum. i,
his wile, say he never had nny bed or board lor !
ine, but he boarded with inyc father, and 1 paid
his boasd. A low months ago lie w.m u.K.L.11 siuk, i
when his mother,, caiiie witli, a lured' tn..n and j
wagoif un.l took him awaywiihoui my know!- I
edge or ry laihtr's consent, and I p..iu a tin uer
Keek doctor's bill uf him. eAVlienche e.une I
li.-u-l f lr,lfl ti!,,-i li rmaii .r .-, liiu1 ,Au I. ..as i.,,.l
aJ impresa.ii never t bo toigoilen
li u re
. ' " "11K "v OJ tl
uu olu ,a ."i -
, , a
lie iivro ki'va4L 01 111a, ui.i:i i.iu: 01 nt hfsi
pe..ks oi Uie B.ue Ui,;ge,o:,ud, .liter -liocoii.in-"
lilted with the sublimi.v 01 the se.ue, he , nrin,;l
round to hi slave an iaadreseii him lhui: I lu;
Bob!" J Tho negro tuViOed fjw. ris his msLer,
who added in a slow und solemn- tone, '-lliib, if
him John Randolph says' he lies.
- 0 rj
' Come here, iny little man," said u gentleman
to a youngster of lour or live years ol aire, while
,- : i i , '
i suliiig in a u.irlor where a lanje compaiir were
B. . , . . V,, J, J, . ,
assembled, "do you know mcf "les, sir, I
(, . ,, vi x i ,i i i j"
kii.i.iw fa mv.. ...ii. una ania, ai-f. 111c 111,111
"You are the msjt what kissed sister Jane last
night in the parlor." Jane tainted!!
A Scotch tady not Ionginee eu'ored u store in
liohton, and imjoired for cloih ol a dambroa I
pattern. "AVc have some pretty broad," w.i
the reply of the ustoni.shed salesman, "but none
quite so broad, as lliat." Tho lady explained
that dambroud was the Scotch lei in lor tluquci'fd
"Gen. Qui man has retired from" the gu
bernatorial contest in Mississippi, leaving a
clear field to Lis opponent (sen. Footo.0 The
late eluetions convinced him that disunion was
Vt llie ng in Mississippi.
Dum or Gen. Robabds. Gen..Wm. A.
lls.bards, Aliunuy General of the fctale, died of
cholera, at Jellcrsuii Guy, on the Jd inst.
A party' of lluiiarinn passed throuirh
liiiirton.lhis week, on their wny to Vjl.uzy'i
Co., my, in Diea ur county. MeaJiiu JZnqul
r,(.li.J , ' '
in u comet more
dog than the
.Ljaf-starj Use .use the comet hus got u tail, and
the dog-star hadn't.
JOU11NAL AND UN ION -II ANN I
rflVtf1!) t'T'Ti V PCQTV Rr PO
lilt VAX 1 , lDOf A tt VU.,
.. . . . -, ...... .
WHOLESALE DEALERS IN
i n i ii 11 iiii inn i ii
VARIETY AND FANCY GOODS!
No. 94, Main it St ,oni,
the attintion or the country merchants to the
' largest ttock or (nods in thit line, to be lound in
the market, part of which will be found, enuint rated
Hats and Caps.
Men's fashionable & B. B silk Boy!- fancy st.d plain soft.
beaver, angola, biush and wool hats.
musk han. Boys' Taney and plain
Mens' sott blk. white If gold soil fur lists.
Jenny I.indi I'srodi brush Infants' fancy plush, sst-
liala. in and fur hats.
Mens' congress, Kossuth and Mens' end hoys' cloth
artiats sott Wool hsts. -tans of various natlerns
Men's silk and Mohair plush' Children' silk velvet and
caps. ether funcy lui baps.
Boys' silk and mohair plush c,
Ladies' Florence braid, fancy straw, silk, satin and
velvet bonnets. o
Fancy and Variety GoodsDress
Black mattroni lustring. Gro de Hhine and embossed
silkss chanei-alde glid, high colored, stripes and fan
cy silks, Honiwl silks and satins, flencet. Act
rt!.,-YP''"''i'sloeK oi cashmere, de Y.iines, velvets,
lustres, fane Vtaids snd worst id and silk embroider
ed menne robes.
Cambrics, jaconets, iiiii'1 and Swiss muslins, satin
Imam iti5n- nt.H tn rlWU Hn; virlnrm nr.rlhuh.J
p lawns) plain and fancy bobbmets, patent sjot und
I 't- LSimwisana uana&orcmcxs
- Fine colored long shawls, bla k do. 5-4,6 4, f-1 8-4,
anif'IU 4 plain and emlitoiitcred American cloth do, A
inericau, Scotch ami Kngli-h plaid do) plain and ein
brgidrrrd Casliin9e do; plain and printed merino do:
iilntil ami net wool lni'k'isi thnry merino scarfs and
nd'k'fF) ladies' fancy die;s hd'k'f plain and fancy silk
Cravats and Handkerchiefs
Gents' blk lustring trnvuis, blk Italian, plaid jjnd rm
bo -eil, and cameleon doj fancy neck tics.
l'oiifjee, Msni;liair. coin, bandi.ntf.oemhossed uud
'p;'.:!c.i J puekt liu'k'ii-i laii:e" and gent' In en
tjiiihnc do. a " "
Hoods .romf.-rts. coals, Kacesand .l)rin veil-.
.-Inrts, iti ai-rs ho'iierv & Gimps. In nes.iln .-s tiim-
Suspci df is, buck m'lts,
,Hibhoi, aod ai:ilii:'.:il-.
Woolen arin. cai p:i h,i(j
Band boxes, bra-1.4 ani
Itazors, scissois isluai
Koj,is, peifilinery, liao
oils and colognes,
Umbrt'llas. coiob-. bultous,
Thread . needles, in, o
Tapes, bindings, hrnshes,
Steel purse tiiinmings,
Bead-bafSjIooKiiiK gases j
Mahoeany fume uinrues,
Wall and w(inlow paer,
WruppiiiK and writing do,
fin in whips and oiei hoes,
Ciapes. ciape lise, collai.s,
I. ace capes and berlhas,
(jiin caps, powder flasks,
Hazor strops, slal'es and
c steel pen.
We aie prepared to show
to our old cusiomes and
merehaiitsi generally. a laigr stock and (stealer vaneiy
of goods than any otfioi liouse in our line in 'he city ,
w hich we off -i upon thwinost libeial lerms. fwpl 2m
T l i: MUU IJ u s
o " 6 ,3 OF
j! 0 500,000 DOLLARS! I
li'ive this lull, the lame-do and most in.ieuihceu'
':cck of o. o . -o
j.KAbY MADE CLOTHING-
r uv;Mwauc viuunu in incovuuiHT
j And from ihduianv advaiiluu' s' that'ne possess in jni.
flnu ivm iin until, niiiaihufi' - inni r lu-.r-.i m
polling and inanularturii SOii( ei.tne stock I'oY cah,
I ,'ll',. Iw.f I u.,.l '. . . 1, n
and sellina to none but prompt men. and fuithei.nuie.
lheii mwmlous aiuomit of ttoods Miat we sell, it mutj
he apparent to.ev.iy one, that we can sell t lower p
ces than any other house
WJ1X0T 0!.V I.I.V BIT WILL.
rl"lii the 15th wl ".Aucii-1 e w ilj-prii our I..N I IRK
STOCK lor in-pecllii. Aft Va"-k is for you td oil
t'ttU r A 11 ui 1 in as- r. tin y rmi.-nssi juu 1 1 1 ti-
..la.i. h, nddtiiun toour lai-.'- -t.ek Stanle (iood
ill and examine, a., ue iiiv'tiiliy fiilisl'n d you will p:
wejiave a laige u'vnr.H'iienl ol.
" a Very Fine Clothing. o r. r
Tt Motto ' Laie -ales ami in.il 1 ptotit's "'
o o i j; 1 1 No .y Hftu i ll I'.t?. 1
0 o No? IIS. Nlnili -.t .-t 1.011's, Mo
Mabti A Phot hsii. o l-yg c .
.No. 1 13, Jlroodvav , N. Yryk. ' ltui;7-5
;c O . -' i ' 0 -- !
. " COMZ4. AT. LST! , '
MISS JENNV LINl AT I.J AN-MBAL!
r1UI0 uni:ei sijit'i'd m,mi 'uke mm eial plen'sie in an
-I nouiicing n ir iei r ni 11,1'iMih.ii a ni tlie wl--t
fc" "f ' "'"V ,CC,'k'' ' P""S
.j t (iiUH 1 uiL! ' "
an.i he ca..Y,My ,i i:n-.'.t t he'lea,t fe.r o eonf.a-
UCjnil) ,u, h . ,,. :a,e..i and best sele.-ied a-'
soitu.eiii of ruusi.y .i.cf t ies ever buefnr to
llai mhal, uml 1. de rrinuml 10 sell as low' u.- can be
li-.-jCiU". ai it 'ai',iiited
he of a u
lu' l-.i.i ii e-
- -Mi- I -li.t ' ; a h11 S
,i ..I V
. I t -1.4 mtie
1 "i'iIi.-Ci 11 I 1 :l- ' t
. t . 11 e .t:i. 't;y llit-
iiuo c 11 - up iM-i;a-
A II. INGI.lv
MAS(iMC ( OUiDiE:
MiE eevcnili iiiniual tnn ui this Iititiii.tui. will
Taculty. t ;
i. B .s7.iK-:fl. a0... PietiJtitt.
I'n le o 1 1 Miii.iI Hud I lellei lunl I'hllo-oiihv
Hlb.iLl' l'jtWEHUX, Jl ,1.,
I'iiiIi .s.ni 1 1 Ma I'eu.utieij und Nat in .4 .Science.
HILLLiM (.iMi.hUy.ji. HI.,
Fiotes ni nt' .-Nieie-.' I ,ana;init(es and Liie.ature
.Won J. E HA VII.TUN, ,
- ITOI' s in ul Mii.le i . rt i l..i
i:i).1HI E U GUOVEK A it
HjiMUri. Il' t-i MhETII,
A-'inii't rim, .-Miis in ru-!iiralou IJ, : ai Inieiil
ll,iv. g pi. i-iiieu a very ii-iior A .it , n
excel em Lu-ta y; Hie eoip of inbtriii-oi heii g lull,
and peileclly oijaiiizi'd; and liiteinlin to have Hie
biiiiilii.g. its fix ur J'.it preiinseij put mio cmnp'gle re
laana-, vn peesiim-s-to sniTtfiT a till!iil piTroiuge liuin the
coinuiuiinv. Ami. it Ihe pnijver, parental discipline,
and the Kit ing of a thoiougli inalruclion in every branch
ol study, eonf.li uie claims to public confidence we
liupe by ail due di'igeui'S to inut Una. '
Tlie in, -ui passed heullhiuess of tlie city of Ixing
ton, the reliueuieut of inanuer aintbigh standard of luo-
i pre ailing ainong us ciliieu -, rentier it very du-ts
lucaiKiii l.ir i lie young.
rma Payable always in advance.
he Collegiate Department, JJ1J5 per session
1 0 mouths. fl per session lor contintrencies.
In the Preparatory Department, 3 and $10
per session of 5 months; 1 lor contingen
cies. Bomilii g man b.- had in reipec uhlj famlies at CI .10
IO U 23 per Week.
Kor liinher inlnrmfiiio s apply to the Pi tident ant
in. uib. r ol ill' p'aculH.oi It. aal of CuuIki.s.
F. L. B. SHAVER, JVmien.
aCaxinglou, Mo., August 7, 1851. ' sepll-evy
UAL, MO, SEPTEMBER 18,'
11CAU YE! HEAR YE I Oil MY
A 1. 1, those Indebted to the subscriber, a r roost po
litely inlormed that I now, this dsy, commence
a newttt of books, and that all old accounts must be
settled up to this date. Now face the music, snd I
am truly yours. T. R. 8ELME8.
January 1, 1851-tf
The True Digestive Fluid,
OR GASTRIC JUICE.
Pipparfd from I(-nntl,or thi Fourth Stomach of the
Ox, after tJiif ctinnnof Huron Inbif, th? great I'liy
noloical ChrmiM, by
J. 8 HOUGHTON, M. D.v PHILADELPHIA, PA.
rpiMS t a Irutjr wnndfrfut rrmcrijr for Indtfttion PvTP!'-.
X Jflunriic, l.ivr t:oinilntni, (ifMfmt Dt-bluiy and Nervuu
Consumption, urlii alia Nttturr'a own oieihod, ly Nature'!
own nieni, the Ciniirlc Julrn.
Unit a tenMMinuil ni tutu Fhild, I. fnwrl In wattr, will dl
fen! or tltfcuolve tvt Pmund Htmtt tie in pt fv kor$,
iut of the tomufh. e
hCIEN t ll 10 KV It) F.NTE! Baron Urhic In hla clebratd
work on A nl inn i i;h-iintry 'An Artinclnl IhRt nliv Fluid
niiiotiitii to ih (riftiric Jtiir, infty he rfntfl'v pr nr-d fmm
th niucup m. mbrHtip ot th ninmiiclt of the Cnlf, In which vn
ilfius ftiilrleo of (o"d, an nicut and will le satened,
ekangti and 4ir(frf, iutt tn $ht nil mtr mi thff mtmU
tn U AmnsiM tttmack '
ft. i ohiIw, in in vatuMl.ta wrltinii on the 'Phyiiolotv oj
niKMilon,' olnwivrd ihiti - dimniiMtoii of tlt qtnmiliy ol th
(jiiMrlc Jutce la a pnunin hi and fill ort-raillni ranw of Ova
n p-ln, and h aiatt a that 'a diailntitalnd pmteswir of iiimII
rni in I ondnn. who waa apvrretjr aril ir ted wlih tha roitiiilaint
niidina evi rytluni to taM, ImtJ r'cnurae in th iRatrlc J
ohtittnt'd IroRr iIh a.ooiach of llvliif niilinala,
c inileU'iy tiicri-anliil."
rIiicii pruvvd '
1li'i,"aa: It la a inarkahln lal In lliyil 'iiiT. Ilinnii mht
attMimyrh fankmi, mucfrmpd lo waier, lnii'tr( in h- ft. 'I I'll
properly i)i rliM.ivlna vni iiiip ariit r of lood. and ot i the tug
a kitid oi artirlf-tnl flit) PtMn ul ilu m in no .lit diflen nt fioui
ttip iiuiiiiai ihrailvf prt -( '
Or tiinon'ft ar ai worh.th Tlunil'ry of Mftn, t
Blum !md, I'lttin i-4''t pji. 3 2)Ha Thr riinrovcry i.t P- p
niii lnrn) a "J r ' chfiimnl titftoryni Dtc-Htin n. Lt'in
hi i.n arufit tat iti(i. nv- fluid pryitt;a from INI"
llif imtiirnl .:ininc J-no- ttelt'
. riot. . r hti. p-iiMHi, of ih- Jeff rnon Culli-ir. Piiilt.. in ni
rrnl work itt Hnnm I'liytioiottr , U-vtii m..r. Dinn tiy !
gr in th I'lhiiiinuiiiMi ol ih iutjfcl. L M l ipi-nm itla taiih
lr. HcBiiin , nn llif nantrlc Juice, obiriincd from itmntg
Ii it in 'in tooinrh i!irl fnun niotnlt, arv w-ll kiinwn. In nilra
pesi, nya uipinloM occum-d M uerfertly in the artificial at
in tw naiornl diu si ln .
Pt ftirihf r irml tif fhrrenitivkab! merlit oTUii dlaroviry,
rnli at i lit tnlldWinn pUtue In H.mmbiil and tri h di-wrliiiv
liftiand win t- iiif iir lci can lo had: 'I' E RniOuglmin V
(..n. N P Kui-k f . to, II. UiulU-ler,, St. Aki.
ZF. WKTZI VCO, o. Pine str.Vt.
between Main ud acond streets, are now 4f
rece iving and i in rii pii n'iie i ew n? d fresti st"e of
Diugs, Paint-, (lit , It; epulis, Vai nhes. Stnees
t hemicals, Wind 'ilu's. rilnssw are,ii'riiiiient, ic,
embracing all the b trfh s usually kept in a Drui! House,
allot whlcfi have been piirclined0.wi'hiii the last two
months, direct from the iinpi"ers and mninifiiclurers,.
and as we anticipate reinninirg in our piesen locii'ion
hut a short time, will be sold inini duIomt the iimiuI
rates. We warrant all the goods that w sell to p!, it e
the purchaser, both in piire ami quality, btheiw.e io
be returneil and the money will be refunded. !Vi..nns
visaing tlrf city.wi'n bv intention of p'Tchas'iip g o.t
in our line, will rind it o their interest ta give us a rail
before purchasing elsewheie, and those wishing in p ir
chase by order, can have our price current sent tliein
bvTorw.irdiiig their address. AVe hope by clnse atten
tion to business, promptiiesin the exei-ulion of oiders,
dealing in nothine but fresh nu.i pure articles, and sell
ine at a fery snmll advance oif eastern prices, to receive
a lineral sliaie ol trdde. ,
. aug2S-4t Z F. WKTZKiX, CO. '
o W i L L I A M NOR T U, .
WMOt-J'SAtE IiEnLtR I!
BOOTS,, SHOES AM) HATS,
No. 95, Main st, St. Louis, Mo.. ;
HAS just n-reived byrecefit arrivals, and now r-'j
ill sto.e, a laYg and desirable stock-' of Kifa
goods in the above line, well addp'ed to the full'
iind.wintertiade, embracing all the new and laMhionahle
styles, lo-whirhcon-tant ad4i;fons wilt he made during
the season, all of which havabeeu selected with great
Co'ie in d wilt he.'ofTeied to the trs'te at a very small adi
vanee on lunuufjctiirers' prices.
.V la g 1 assoilineiit of luhhr (ionds. consisting of
M- i.'f. I ;id" . ', and Mis- Over-hoesJ Boots, Buskins,
ai d S.i t.il.
llert hairs vi-;tinft the c ly me respertrully solicited
to sirexuiiULiatioe td'.ioy toelc before purchasing, as I
am determined to sell very low, and teel cqnHdent thut
limn tilt. iitrie'V nurt eiMtntleleits ,il me IWSitl 1 ir.nl. 1
j - - - , 7 -
will be uble lo oiler greater than usual inducement
u UII. 1. 1 AM llKTl-l..
Aug 20. IR.tI: , a airg.J:J 6t
t " n ciru'i rra a. m
No. 144, Main street, St Louis, Mo., op-
po ite the Bank.
M NrUACTlUlHS D WHOLLSALE DEALERS IN
Saddles, Harness, Trunks;
Carpet- bags, Buffalo hoes, Saddle,
Trees-,0 &c.'o.Ali50', - o-
-IMP.iRTIS AND DEALER' IN '
.ang.'S.llw " o 0
0X-1VER, BEKXETT & CO.,
Will. ,i SAtM DEALKUS IX -7
Boots, Shoes, Hats" and Caps,
No. 101, Ma n street, St Louis Missouri,
. l(K how no .tii ilieii fall iilppl es ol tlie a as-a-la
bove goie s! v.ii iiai in a gieater vaiiety of dsj
qualities ai d s vies than they have ever befoie of' red.
iVaiiy ol tieii i:omt-ht,e been marintai:!1'!'! it totheir
old' r "i 1 d espri'.all) o0 the Si, l.oins mai k' t 111 Hch
- hi ial allenii on h i bi en p.nd tsl -izes as m f; m qm).
ilie-. n ' 0
11 i uie r --;i'.in an 1 ;n,; s :o i,,,,e Hi.-mo.
I'lete stock -il Mie i'mi l,f !, . J ..i' Id piomjv: '
most aCi'OintiKftirtt iuc leun tlateiliii' the
c 1 lin
se i ves
they can offer n dun irent- In vYesiaiu buvi rs, e
,i)tijl lotliat ol an i:j-'e- i m:uket.
" ' ' . - Ruubets.
Their arrangeineoi , .in a , ry laige eastern mnu
fawtiiring company, u.ra lieaiytuck of Men'-. Ladies'.
anil Miss's Kuouer., will ti.aljle lllem to ellatltie
eiy.. lowest prices. , 0
l'uichaseis -will cei:anilv hud it for their interasst lo
give nur sti.cl, an exauuua'iou. .
V S. spe i..i at'ei.tion p4id to orders. ai 2-6t
C A l i E T S,
OIL CLOTHS, dc!
FA EL TlTvTS:, 1851!!
at.. a lOt'fl.i '', V
No. 158, Main street, St Louis, Mo.,
HAVE in stoiejttnii are cou-tiuily receivii ibeir
l ew ami fiiyaril .lock m ( ,,i peiings. Oil Clo hs,
&e., ronaisivi ii pail- f- M f-rfimrire v.ir-TerifB r
Roval Velvel; Wiltons, Tapestiies4 Bi-Ussels, Impe
rial Thiee Pi)'s Fin and Supritiue lugraius, Scoich
Oil C loths, Ituxs, A'c.
Every, vaiiety and sty le or Floor Oil Cloths, from
2 to 2S feet wulei Chenelle Rugs, Vejvet and Tufted
do, Mais, floor Itochings, Table and Piano Covers,
Stair Hod. jc. u
We would alo call th site, lion of merchant, toour
Img. .lock of VV.ll Papers, Window Curtain Panel,
1,000 paixa twanaparent Window Shades '
wiucu we oilei a. Wholesale at. rxUeinely low
ll.iVihg imported me I pmchaaed our cooUt liuai the
itott . bruit (1 I'wcloi ieit, and being of the
iiiosi i tn r -., -li if -,,nir tneinls.V siiangera visiting the
eity wit f. d it c.r. any u. tia-ii vltinlage lo exainihr
our goods beiuir'i ur.iuaing.
aug-itt-tn L. C. TOP I'JNG, It CO.
JAS. A. . m vi
STOV& TIN STORE.
QUARLE9 & CALDWELL,
West side of Main st., In the house for
merlr oreunled ljr Ii. vieeriira.
fPHF. unilersiRiied have perchssed from JMr. H.
A Wirkershain his entire stock of STOVES snd TIN
WARE, nd In iKtur Intend constantly to keep on
nanil weuseieticu bivs-k. wi vvyo.;,J um .......
lnrstoclc consists In nsrt oflhe followine articles
PriiS rremium. i ook'b ueii(;iii, outss- wviu's ukh.
Kmnire Mate. Ohio Premium, Irvine's Air-Tizht, and
PHAIBIE STATE Cook stove.
We will also have, in time for the fall trade, a good
assortment of the latest and most approved styles-of
rjiiAiniwi r.iii" . .t , ... .
n a T f t l - .. J UAK:nrv QlnlOl
many ol out citizens re now using me rrsirie oiaia
rnnli Stove, and all aeree to its superior advantages
0ver all otheis in point of durability nod tpeed and ex
cellence in cooking. , . .
We have on haud and wi'i'i continue to iViainilai'tuie
all kinds of ware belonging to the Tin iiusiness,
uhirh we sell at ft. ,0i Whnlftnh on Rrtttil
Pnrti We art prepared to do all kinds of COPPEU
KMITHlMi. Persons wanting worK aone miliar, iine-i
. . ... i f . . .... ...
will do well lo give us a call, as they can aveth
t.ouble and expense of Roiug toSt. Louis.
vu iMoves, uu aim w,.. ... .
MlortMt node. , c y
N. B.-Old Stove UVwj in part pay tarwwoBW. compe,fto,s. Thia fact is self evident, and abundantly
,r QUARLLbttALDWEI.L. , ovn by eveyy ddy occurrences. -
o Hannibal, Angut91li g . jr Hj8 temple ofFashion'' may be justly styled Ihe-
TO Ihe Maimers the Onlll true, "Oak Hall" of the West, on the same principle it i
" . Idapted for business- quick tales. tmall profit -geod.
. "LorriS Ot the Otf. " bare-sins and exceedinlv low prices.
V Dve J"st receiver, ana are now semng veiy .
H i Uu. a i.nurinr arlti'M r ram SPl'IllPI. r.
do do, . Grasi ' do
3 c do do Sneads.'
do English steel Hay Forks.
' " do Geimaji odo do do
Also, Sugar, Coffee, P.icc, i.c, tc.
t'uqua UuiltUugs, Hill ttretl.
II"TAII kinds of Produce taken in exchange." je'iti
Hannibal Stove and Tin Store
c aiu Street, Hannibal, Mo.
L The undersiened would respecllully call the tten
tiouof the public in geneial and hisoldfiiends and cu
tomeis in particular, to h s well selected , well assoited
ttock of Cook Stoves, and especially the
0 Empire, State, .
which it the same pattern of the
(it t.ot Ihe original) which has been jd very tiighty and
ervealv rrcomiuended by some of oui most respect- 1
able and worthy citizens, and also to the Heavy V ur-
naceivlB,c1e,, Premium Loon otoye, at least oiie-iinra
ive, at least oiie-iinra
an the Mississippi, and
oL the light oundry-
heavier thuN any stove ouered on I
ci . . . t..
made stoves. .1 hit is no jest-it u downright sober
Imlli .I1..11I1I k. inlni.A-.it.iT In Ihni. ou.hu.- I., nnr
win asi as u eiiisd u njdiiv ui. iiic 111:11. iuuiiui
ii.n.i w....b .. ,..,1, ,u SI0Cli 0 oroceries comprising every variety ol article
chase stove for .ervice. c His stock of tinware iscom- in ourin. wJlicn wi ,eM as low as can be told tbit
p)e- and will be lurm-hed to'dealers at St. Louis prices ! of st. Loul! Jllst eive ,e , caM before purchas
and he will have aUo in season a tine lot of Perlor, a5 j ,,, collflj,n( i can ltlke it to your advantage
Hox,Coal and len Plate stoves,, a I of whicli will be lo" ,,,ronase ef lne. AH kinds of marketing and produce
so das low Many other lrtu,e can alford them. ! wanted at tiie highest cash prices.
But w hile so much is said about stoves, &c, the- fine , Kelnember thlpluce-on the west side of main street
stock ot . . -c o t , f,v donr, nprfh cf!!:s Brady l.'sxc. A wuti&ua-
iiou, Dieei ana nouow wtue
M ist not he overlooked, to be found at tlie yjstw
old Btand on Water stie'et. Do not forget
(he Hannibal 8tove mitl Tin K1ti3i-ai
Stoic, Next door to Mlock's Clothing Store, Aam tt.
', .. c J. C. WAUGH,
my22 " 5 Successor to Waugli &. Pogue.
, NEW YORK . -f
CLOTHING STORE J
T Sai.sser'sj old stand, where he will always fee '
in person, reado lo wait on his customer'
and purchase! generally. ,Thc five yeufs'. biisine6sl
which he has done here 11 as now Proved that his oi.e p"'iv.S' -neianj , uiai ne nas leaseu tne above House
price cash ysteui hus uut with universal approval, in- 'or.1 ' f a of years, and re 6ttd and ie-furr.!shed it
ablmg him to t,ell cheap while i atlracta n RinV cus- Untii'el., 11 all its depaitments. , -0
to. n.. Believing the truth to be the heller policy, 1 will' . Trcn l;is increased facilities, ad vantaseoi'u location
not resort to flaming puffs and exlraiai;.iiit promises,' "!. 'U"R experience in Hotel Keeping he trusts, by
w hich no pne believes, but will simply auvunce thai li''Std vronl attention to the, comfort of his euests,
my newly lined t i (.'loililng Room is now ii:ii-d with a mw and ' Uifiit a continuance of th liberal patronage hereto
ample aSfOitinenl-of fs.isonable Clothing, and 1 loie e'uen hiiru
, Gentlemen's Furnishing Good.; ' ,tZyVlLGtt W,"Um 8,888 Cow.
Too numerous to he heie detailei. Xhe attention Hannibal, Juue 13, 1S5I. . iel9lf
i.-ltif-h Imu hniaii irivenln Klt-ln. i-nt sinali!,- r.n.1 t.-.l..,,, - w ' I .
will no, permit either to be surpassed. As for my,
puces, 1 have always believed that the best place to
piove if I do sell cheap is right at my counter, where"
iry customers anu piircna-en generally arc espectlnllv
invited to come and judge for themselves. api24
. '- . WILLIAM SAUSSER.
A Further Supply of "
1 i '
I N conseqnence of our rals far eXceedine; our ex-
peculations, we have been ohliged, within the last
week, to add largely to our Block, which addition was
selected by oursenuW partner in person, fiom extensive
slocks direct from the manufactories in
O.ir assortment is now large and complete, and cua
sists of every variety of Goods for Ihe Gentlemen, from
the finest silk hat, taper crown down to the Ceet.
Of every sleseription a largo assoitment men's, bo)-?'
and infant's hats; leghorn, Panuuia, palm, wool, and;
lO'ieh and ready, fur, silk, tie, ic. Gentleinei.'s silk
undershirts, cotton and wool ditto, iadies' silk vests.
Trunk) of everv aualitv. from 1 95 tn IV .V.lrfl'
bags, ext.. and coWrl mixed and bfo cotton 1 bote;
extia quality red and ye How bandanna h'kfs. 36 inches '
square, alarg. assortment Of ;
r a-st aL-
Consisting of sup. c.shinaiette, English and French
merino jacket, cut and tiim'd in the best city fashion:'
ilk .and wor'd vests, bro and bleach'd fine drill P.nts' 1
cottonade. nlaid nri .l.ln .in... i
I --v ..,. ivuuuauvui, in iaci,our -ssoiimeiu can'i oe, .
beat thi. tide of 6t. Louis: and wa say in conclusion, i Cash for NcgTOOS
, we il!sel,aSow.sth.lowe.t,qual,ty,ciit,make,4c.,;7 TAKE this method of informinar th.'
considered Bear In mind, our a One Price 1 people that I aui rtrepwe at aH
than a Slow Shilling aimuie renny isoeiier ; .YMMItOKS,
mRAMMcVnGH,0. !,llfe f0llnd llle
V.HUKS .u.l Kuala ol all kinds, tioiu the hard I'ot' KKANtIS DAVIs
k-J imoIuI iin ...fi.l l;.l I I l tl ...:!,. I a . . . .7. V A " 1
u. m maauikcai n.i'1 i.asuiri a,
Marble Mantel Piecef.: lino PnrW
Stand. ; Garden Va lU uaZ T, 'f ? Unterand Wash
Ur.dy llousai, Haonibai, Mo
I NEW STORE
I And New Spring and Summer Goodsl
. Cssnlin It I Mine.
Third Door from Cor. Hill ttreet, Le.
n-Mif ...K.rih.r me now terelvine, ana Dive, iu
X opened, a large and valuable slock of
Groceries, Queensware, c, te., which thev cn
...in ..n low ;r nni (nicer, than thev cn be bourht .
i in thi mrket. ' The public are respectfully Invittitty
icalUnd examine our ttock and price befois purcni-
f J. H..GEST at CO.
temp rr, or r.f iiio.y. ,
THE MAMMOTH STAR CLOTHING '
STORK "AHEAD OF THE HOUNDS!"
Large Stock! Latest Style! LOW PRICES!
Ureat Dargaliisl t'liprecedeiilad
S U C C E 8 8 1
TUE proprietors of the Star Clothing
Emporium, have removed their Store
to the west side of i.ialn street, next
door to the "City Drug Store,'' and
respectfully announce to th pub
lie in general and every body in partic
ular that they have now on hand th
largest and most complete assortment
f., - ,.Ti;i - .. - j n..eal.i.Mn.lna v.
a iniiiii.v nun r.... ......
4 lot 111 n g. Hats and Caps, '
l'ruiiks, Carpet Hags, fcc, ,
AT KASTEIIX COSTJU ..
er brought e tu
hii-h they oll'r at prices actually cheaper lhan th
itnavinntion can conceive. This is no blarney, believe-
il, friends, th'se who ire skeptical on the subject cm
, ' n i... ;r ......, u n,..
.CallilllU IUI iiicinstKcs) auu i vail t i lie tsa-.
, Mhu ,g , leelle cheaper than the cheapest, they can.,
! take on" head 1'or a foot-ball. We are naturally of a.
,vmpailet,c teinperamei.t, and that is a sufficient rea-
hv w ran nrll rlnlhimr clifftnpr lhan anu oi chit .
,fl . b(, llel.alj-j , lhe world at larth.tTHE
- . -. . . . . ... . v - .
clolhieti of "Western Oak Hall" offer a splendid assort
ment of every kind of n '
liet It it He fore the PeopleU
thitt the mammoth Star Clothing Emporium, alias the ''
I Western Oak 'Hail, located on mam street, Hannibal,
is acknowledged by gentlemen of the most fastidious
! snd infinite, taste, to be the ne plus ultra clothing home
of Northern Missouri, and persona by railing at the
sign of the SWnsL",Jflk.JiZ. can readily perceive
that this is the truth, the whole truth, and nothing but'
j KUTtemeuibpr, we have but one ho'ne in thit city.
' It is Uie three ttory brick store hoge, situated on the
' wet side of main irtreet, at tne sign oi me :
111 U ST. I II?
' WBear in mind our Inutto 'Bound to tell twenty
per cent lower than any other house)
We remain, fellow-citizens,
with sincere regard, yours, a
no2$)-y o MARENTHAL4 BLOCK.
I Itl.SSI .lit KIWI M
, rrs Hl.; umersjneii Sees leave to tender his sincere
J thanks to his many customers and friends for thir
, very iil)(!ril )alr01iage anj wouj take thit metho. of
1,11, iivcibi if 11,1 J 1 itLrr. aiiiu huuiii taivc 1111 w.c 1 1 iu v.
il!lorminp ,hem (llilt j,, j.in-receipt of very large r.
-r. . .. r . .
,tioii of patronage it respectfuny solicited.
novIy n G. W CAPLINGKR. .
c . :
Corner of Main and (enlre Slieets..
By ROBERT HAiXGE,
LATE Or CITY HOTEL. .
'fP HE Propiietor of (he Brady House fakes pleasure 1
. m.io. ilyin hi form' r patsons and the traveling
a" VJi II WOWH.V
COLLINS Sc BREED
"jVOT having time to give'a full description of tha
X H s II greater attractions of their present stock of .-
venn f.. ,, ,, WU ""MlSa GOOJS,
,,;,". y mv." ,1,e al,e""n of their old cm.
MMMrftMlAS" Publi to their...
sotiuicni ol hpring and Summer Goods, comnrisinr l.
f very 'article neceasary fo, th. comfoX convsV
"enf ' Humanity, m atlest.tion of which thev hold
1.1!?-." ,n .rea,1"les " times to exhibit to th.
p,u ,c ,hc" ' P'eilid stock of Staple nd K.nev Drv
Ooods. u rancy ury
a.u.uiiuai. A'lirilsl II. IT
ii?H 7t. '
Atneiicau M.lWe. U-. B0W ,
J . 1C Vi"
lucu 'utu, sppo.. th.
.aaiv-." mm wm
, ns. - --ar sWa '