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AN D WESTER N T7 NT O N
IMI M aVI.. LA II
at - a
O. C LEMENS,
Editor and Publisher.
R. F. LAKENAN,
Attorney at Law, and Qa rural
iTriTT V .uor .i ' between lit and td it.
W iiiU V Jb ton ofdsbta tad ether
sr. a.? 2? . . tba,,nw ntrued to his care
i fomet. Abtr,ct,f Titl. to all thereat .
11 !EJ!!?5?'V.'!!d w,a fu,B' " desiring ft,
toliJ. thcwyc"on record, of any
-jB,J!,T?iM.ioned uk Deposition. Acknowl.
Mt ' th( 8ulei of VlrgluU sad
Mnm. WcchrfthrVci.'.S- Louis, Mo
CiHt T , ... .... . .
Messrs. Doan. Ylnr h.
Mw Collius illo,
Morris L. Hsllows'l ' Co.
'A. wood Ii Co., it ?
Mo9elt.Hw. A. C.. HnnlKl VI.
w r. t, u. seimes, ;ri
Mr. Ceorgs Schroter, foctSMy "
Smith a Alias,
Attotntr t Lai
HANNIBAL, MARION COUNTY, MISSOURI,
WILL promptly ittend to ill professional business
entrusted to hit car In th counties of Mtrion,
IU1U and Pike. He will give prtlculr attention to
th securing and collection or debts In any part of 1 1
Statt. WOfflc on Bird itrct, four doora above tha
corner of Biid acd Muln, in front of tha Marshal and
BERAGE Dca Lainaa, a ncwstyl of modi for la
dial dress, . enrssy
COLLIKI Ji BREED'S.
2b; NOo HUMBUGERY!
rp B. STEVf.NS, oppoilta tha City Hotal, hat juat
V'Mealvad, in aHition to bia former liorkth
.;-r aMortmant of Jawalry avar brought to Hanni.
4nvita hia cnitomtra to call at tba abova
of our recoiinoissiiuci;, iv..i... Am, t)t ,cnt
mraphcriulia of a surveying party, c;up cuuif soriptioM of them, and may listen to highly col
litre. &c.', Summer w'as sinking gvntly away imored picture of their marvelous results, but be-
"' p ..:...'.' : Th.. nnr.iint fnrcstS"llDlL m. It I. . -..-! ..".!
the arms ot Autumn.;. The ancient, iorcns naueve mB) my friends, it is aotual observation a
pUy doffed their robes of grecin, and. the ''l i lone that can duly Impress us with their vast
iahs of the wootr now-ooa arraycu-ni. ":iimporunoe. m must see them fn all their
eorecousness of auttimnal drapery
i,.7ncd naroqucft were on the win
f ..,i tlnm limh to limb in the tall hickory
cotton wood tree.! herdorsleek and cpntcnt
cattle browsed upon the verdure ol the prairi
whilst the red' deer, collected in small bands,
ih heather, dream nt not or '
: ' . M.,,., tl.o iiun Klinni nut iu nil
T??.if v..-..l the fleecv clouds, -which seei
chasing each other through the Ravens, wl
a gentfe voice of singing went throng t ie w
nitall prairie grasAike a reouium tor Uieb,
tSage a. it flouted from the boughs - Such
.. vct started on oitr trip. '
; A lew uua w'feV" . , - -
or us Ao Cros
place us be
mcnts, whilst uie ci mi.
selves building rough bribes 1
various streams, sufficed to
.!. -the Missouri river.
4. a remon of unsurpasse
3 and ul yet but thinly settled, vast stre.
IrS laid unbroken to the furrow; 4
Prairie land unbroken to -mo lurrow,
U which knewnottbe stroke ot the v
axe; streams vh.ch. scorned thc rest
of bridge or dam. Iiereiuiu .u.u.w
reared its numuiu ;n, ;
owner some sturdy' pioneer inorr, .
W onarter section Uian c
jrlUh baron In day oE
S ... o,f in tlid field
of Magna Cb.arta. ,
in'nse or our
" Jt. ih niirbts we passed at camp, or
some nu k-vm r , . & mado ou(
over, nem c,.
-Lh l rin would form around camp-fire, (
decayed tree which had been de voted t
O and as ih'pipe went the rounds,
n,n incense to the'. Qoi of Tobarn
tng"up our incense
. joke or
the story -of border .We; passed irq
' to irp
Our sturdy cltain-beurcrs from.the Wld,
r Grand1 rivet1 the heroes -of many a ,
fV"" A J. l,,t would then fight .
- .- i-..i.i...-..r' the
A PINE assortment of aprinjr adn surnmar Bonne
Rlbbonii alio, Batln and Mantua Ribbons for salt
JUST opensd a tina lot or BOOTS and BlIOEt
of til qualities, among which yon wilt find sows
beautiful exeslslM kid tlss for tba Us Its at "
STEP In and axsmlns thoM fine BlajOtsts, and Kaady
made clothing at tha atora of
. Wb. HAWKIK8,
. W. IPiLMK, (-.-,. CSiSLtl SISttDrllS,
MOM ISALIIM, ( "T RlftCINIUTI.
J. W. SPALDING k CO.,
COMMISSION and lorwardinc Msrehants, dasl
ars in Star Candles, Starch, Soap, Lard Oil, Cbesse,
Ballet, gg flee. Hn. S3 Cmamtrciat ftt sear latatL
it. Ionla, Ho.
Sprinnr t Wbitsman, Hsrrtson k Hooptr, 8 S.
Row(Cashiar),0(MiiiMli J. H. Stuirss a Co., J. J.
Adsms. Asp OrUat Iker Renick ft Co., Choutesu ft
Vsllt.wm. M.Morrison. St.Lotiti H. R.Budall
Vo..NrYork. : msjr27 tf
BENTON SALOON TO RENT.
THIS is tha lanrsst and best room for Bald, Public
Shows, Lectures, Political and other Mtetlngi in
Hannibal. To rant by tba day or week. Enquire of
T. K. KBLMi.o.
CAMCOF-S of aJI raiors ed. deseriptieM, for sale
cheap by fspr24yj COLLINS ft BREED. :
TJONNETS Goin offfsst and for sale unusually
lJlewby spr24y COLLIN8 BHEEU.
JUST now received from that celebrsted T-ea Dis
trict. Poyang Hao, also sows of Linn Foo's choice
Imperial, c. .ocixsj 1 i. a. sLb.nsi.
H A Sjust opened his stock of STAPLE AMD
FANCY lK UOODS-iteady aiade cloth
Inr Boots, Shoes, Queeoswsia and Uroeeries. Call
and examine our foods wa think ur prices will suit
i'PHE subscriber has now on hand and is V "V
A daily receiving lhs largest and bent as- pg
sorted stock of GOODS, suitable for this wsrlet, ever
brouiht to Noithern Missouri. He returns his fo
siliceia thanks for tha uutiring support ha bssali
ways received, and uo edort shall be wanting on his
dart to merit its continuance.
T. R. SELMES.
Sir. Orockett'i Addren. o
" COKCLVDED. '"'
If thero be a aincle individual in thia Baiem.
blage, who doubts the truth of my conclusions,
he should embark upon the fir steamboat, on a
voyage to the Eastern Stale. Let him on
through fte sterile hills of New England, and
see what exhaustless stores of wealth are drawn
from their rugged aides; let him fly along the
New York and Erie Railroad, as it. winds its
sinuous course around the tops of mountains, now
overhanging a nreoipioe, now stertohing una val
ley, now crossing a river, now rattliog through
a village, and finally terminating on the shore of
the Atlantic, lo thahwt of th jereat metropoli
of the Union. Let him mark, aa he skims aloag
at the rate of thirty miles an hmrt the new vil
lages that are growing up, and the new farms
that are Lding opened let him observe the varied
and novel articles of commerce that are being
transported lumber from tha tops of mountains
stone from the quarries in their sides herds
of cattle, horses, and hotrs milk and cheeiin frnm
their dairies turkeys and cLickens from their
poultry yards; in short, every thing that contrib
utes to the comfort or luxury of man let him
observe these things with his own eyes, and my
word for it, he will confess that, for the. first
time, he has learnedto appreciate justly the value
of railroad enterprise. There are certain things
which to be properly appreciated, must be ac
tually seen with the eye." Language is in
competent to portray them in their true colors.
Of such are the Falls of Niagara,0 the Mammoth
Cave of Kentucky, the vastness and sublimity
of the ocean, the" Alpine heurhts of Switzerland.
and various other objeots in the natural world.
The pen of the poet, and tha.brush of the pain
ter, are utterly un potent to convey to the mind
any just conception of these sublime works of
nature: The same- remark in some degree is
true, of railroads. We may read slowin de
minute details: mint pnmin Almoin ih
imp t he squiHfuL influences which they exert upon trade in all
tjill hickory "liu ramifinatinn: mn.t .Mii.llr- fnllnw .ft.. k.
1 j svwtt( auvui ui
"iron hone,", as he speeds along in. his swift
career before we can fully realizet in. its true
magnitude, tne vast importance
,ii,..ji.d :j . '
' .:' i"r ; I",ueu' J?" raN
pany remamaeuaieaijenersonuity last Win,
. ...... .. k. . . MA. ' ... .
ioi, mil mc outie ui irxissouri couia not do a
wiser thing than to compel twenty thousand of
its inhabitants to make a visit to--the Eastern
ttatesi and travel over their railroadsi : I was
forcibly struck: with the remark at the time; but
since men, i nave myseii traveled over these
roads for the first time, and am now completely
satisfied, by my own experience, that the remark
was diotated by profound wisdom. It' needs
only that the people should he made to. see. in
their own persons, the practical workings of
railroads, to render them, as enthusiastic advo
cates of such enterprises as I confess myself to
But if railroads have wrought theae marvelous
ohanges in New England and other sterile re
gions, how magical must be their results in such
a State aa ours, where nature has spread out
broad and beautiful savannahs', reared upmajes
tio forests, concealed rich mineral treasures be
neath the surface, .and has crowned the whole
with a temperate and salubriou's climate? ,.. ...
Thus far I have spoken of railroads, as the v
affect the physical condition of society, its com
meroe, literature, ana morals. 1 nave treated
of them, as they affect the interests of individual
citizens," and promote .the general, good of the
whole. But, in this country,-there is a wider,
higher, nobler sense in which they deserve to be
considered. . There is a political aspect, in which
they claim the. especial -consideration-of the
statesman and political, economist. , , r
Intlio United States, we are in the midst of' a
grand ex'perimenti we are testing, for the first
time, under auspicious .circumstances, man's ca-
5aoity-for lolf-govefument. I Discarding , the
ogmas .. of , . European politicians,- we have
struck out a new path in tlie soionoe of govern
ment. '.Undor our federative system, and with
our immensa territory, embracing every varioty
of soil aud climate, it was but natural to expect
that there wguld be diversified and apparently
hostile interests to reeonoile. It could sweety
have been anticipated, that the cotton and sugar
planters of the South, the manufacturers of the
North, and the farmers of the West, would ral
ly under Uie protection of the same National flag,
without occasional jealousies and heartburnings,
grywing oui oi supposes, coniuois or interests
Unfortuaalery, these anticipations have.
some extent, boen realised. We have witnessed
in our national legislature angry dispute, vioiwit
declamation, and even ill-timed threats to dissolve
tne Union. VYe have eeen schemes agitated at
the North, tending to Inflame the jealousy of
the South; whilst at the South we hava witnessed
a deliberate, oonoerted effort by certain politi
cians, to dissolve the Union. Many eminent
statesmen of both the great political parties of
the oountry, with a view to ouiet this agitation
and restore peaoe and conoord, have secured the
adoption ot a series of measures, known as the
compromise measures. In my judgment, these
measures were diotated by profound wisdom and
patriotism. Being in truth what they purport to
be. founded upon a fair asd ronsouable compro
mise of conflicting opinions, thev are not onlv
entitled to be respected as such, but as we value
the country and the integrity of the Union, it ii
the duty or every patriot to insist upon a full
and faitliful adherence to them. I trust that in
all our approaching political contests, a rigid ad'
herence to, and a faithful execution of these
measures, will be deemed a cardinal principle
with both the great political parUes. But whilst
these measures wul, in a great degree, quiet
present agitation, it is the railroads to which we
must look at last as affording a guaranty of par
amount tranquillity. It is by railroads, that we
are to bold the Union together in ponds of. ira
tarnal affuotioa and reciprocal interests. The
time is not far distant when you wiii be able to
travel from St. Joseph, on the Indian frontier,
to Boston, the heart of New England, or from
New Orleans, on the (iuir, to New y orlt on the
Atlantic, in the space of three days. Nor, I
hope, 4m the day very far remote when the costly
fabrics of the East Indies aud the Guld of Cali-
HANNIBAL, MO., NOVEMBER 13, 185H'
fornia will be conveyed from the El Dorado of
the Pacifio to St. Louis, the metropolis of the
West, in the short space of five or six dnys.
The time has already arrived when the cities of
the East are reaching out their iron arms to
wards the .West ana Sowth, to grasp the rich
trade of those productive regions. When these
raiboads are completed, the different and moa
remote sections of the Union will be brought in
to close juxta-position. The citizens of the
several States will thus become familiar with the
habits, customs, domestic institutions and nmi.
liar tastes of the citizens of other States. They
will quickly establish social and commercial re
lations with each other, whic src'ttoatouly bind
together by the ties of a common interest, but
which will effectually exterminate the sectinn&l
jealousies and unfounded prejudices, which nor-
When the Massachusetts abolitionist can reach
Hannibal or St. Louis in three days from Bos:on,
he will doubtless be tempted to pay us a visit,
that he may behold with his ..own eyes, the
working of that system of domestic servitude, of
whose atrocities he has heard so much. He will
come with his imagination filled with terrible
pictures of fiendish cruelty on the part of the
master, and unutterable anguish on the nart of
the slave. When he arrives, he will be pro
foundly astonished to find, that slavcholdws, as
miegeni, accompusneu getiueiucii, and as hu
mane, and pious, christian men, will compare
favorably with any other class of 1 men, in any
portion of the Union. He will perhaps be even
more astonished to find, that the slaves, them
selves, instead of suffering the horrible cruelties
of which he has heard so much, are in fact more
happy and contended,-better clothed and better
, than the laboring population of arrv other
country under heaven." If there be aany such
thing as a reasonable abolitionist, and if our visi
tor should happen to be of the class, he would
return home with the conviction that he had hn.
making himself extremely ridiculous, by his ram
pant fanaticism on a subject of which up to that
time, he was profoundly ignorant.. By means
of this frequent intercourse, the mists of preju
dice would be dispelled, mutual esteem and con
fidence would be engendered; new and closer
relations of friendship and of business would be
established, sectional .lines would be abolished,
and the Union of these States, in my humble
judgment, would be made perpetual. With all
!the different sections' of the countr
i.i i jr . a- . . i . ....
line uuiereiu sccuons oi uie country united bv
railroads, the Abolitionist of the North mv ,a'
Lr, h.-f. ....1 7 7,""
of the feouth may put on his most grandiloquent
airs,' and bluster till he is tired of it. The whis
tle of the Steam Car would effectually drown the
rant f the one and the bluster of the other,
whilst it bore the stars and stripes in triumph
from Maine to Texas. It is my firm conviction.
therefore, that railroads, whilst they dispense
wealth and comfort throughout the land; whilst
they -diffuse intelligence, encourage virtue, and
foster science, perform also the noble office of
binding these States together in perpetual bonds
of fraternal esteem and common interests,
In view, therefore, Of all these considerations,
which address themselves not less to your patri
otism than to your individual interests, you have
the stongest possible motives to persevere stead
fastly in the great work which you have so no
bly commenced. '
We of St. Louis have watched with profound
interest the progress of your enterprise, and if
any one of you has ever cherished the suspicion
that we have looked with jealousy or even, with
indifference upon its success, I. beg in the name
of the people of, St. Louis, to assure you, that
you have done them a great injustice. We are
prosecuting, it is true, another but not a rival
enterprise; on the contrary, the Pacific andHsn-
nioal and at.. Joseph Kailroods are-twin sisters.
born, of the same enlightened spirit of improve-
mom, aim uvving uieir viuiijiy cnieny io me same
aoi oi iegisiauve. pemnoence. i ney lie entire
ly within the same State, and will Confer their
blessings upon brethren of a common familv:
&, believing as we do, that our own highly favored
Alhfl. AmtlA turn ... mam...!.. . 1. ' . 1
w.bj ... uv.uuou ivi cveivu roiuoiu uie commercial
emporium, of Missouri," we think that whatever
tends to Increase the wealth, extend the commerce
or foster; the agriculture of any portion of the
niaie, will redound to the advantage or St. Louis.
We are. therefore, prompted bv our own interest.
if by no higher or nobler motive, to desire most
earnestly the success of this great enterprise,
And my friends, it will succeed. Such en-
ergy and public spirit as you have exhibited in
connexion wan imi worn, nave never yet tail
ed to accomplish tlitir designs, however difficult,
be of good cheer, therefore. The time is not
distant, when you will travel from Hannibal to
St. Joseph in eight hours when vou will nracti-
ttUoally have realized tha great benefits which I
have feebly endeavored to depict when ianni
bsi and St. Joseph will have grown to be Urge
cities, numbering their manv t'nniiinndi nf in.
Ubiants when wealth and population will
pour into vour beautiful prairies, with a rapidi
ty which the most Anguine amongst you scaroely
dream of when these same prairies, now in a
measure untenanted, save by the deer end the
won, will be redolent of life, and vooat with the
song of the husbandman when the "iron horse,"
starting from St. Joseph for New York or Bos
ton, will pause at Hannibal in his swift career,
.. .I.L. L!.. . .I .L All
io siaae nis mirsi irpm uie lamer ot rivers. All
this you will witness, I trust, a few years hence;
and then you may rejoice with an honest pride,
as you reheot that you were amongst the first
who aroused in Missouri a just conception of the
value of such improvements; vou may point,
with a swelling heart, to the Hannibal and St.
Joseph railroad as ypuexclalm, "Behold the
fruits of my sagacity and publio spirit,".
WL ANDERSON'S SPEECH.
From the Republican, we take the following
report of Thos. L. Asprason's remarks, on ta
king his seat as President of the late Conven
tion; t, u
Ftllouy CUittnt 1 You are doubtless as much
surprised as I am at my being selected to pre
side over the deliberations of a convention so
important as the present, and I am oonfident
that for this honor I am indebted to the partiali
ty of my friends, rather than to my individual
merit. I feel unprepared to discharge the du-
I ties which devolve upon me with that ability
which is necessary to renect honor. Hut on
undertaking these duties, beg leave to return
my sincere thanks for the confidence reposed
in me by the Convention. Permit me to say,
that it is exceedingly gratifying to observe the
interest manifested in the work which is about
to be undertaken. This interest could not be
made iflbre evident than it now is, by the large
concourse of citizens from different parts of our
State. ' Aud it is doubly gratifying to see not
only those directly interested, but the immense
numbers of our flloW-itizens who have no in
terest aside from an indirect one, to bring them
here. St. Louis, the great commercial mart of
the Mississippi Valley.wer foreost ih inter
nal improvement, and in an rchrme of mer
est to the the State, is represented by a delega
tion of her most influential citizens; and to them
we give a cordial and hearty welcome. She is
not only represented by her citizens individu
ally, but by mnbers delegated by thecorporate
authorities, by members of the Board of direc
tors of the Pacifio Railroad Compar.y," a sister
vompany, naving in view me same ooject 01 in
terual I mprovement. and by the gallant "St.
Louis Gray, whom we are proud to welcome
with their glowing honors, redounding to their
praise, and aasigtung them an enviable position
in the minds of their fellow-citizens.
This is, indeed, a glorious day for north-east
ern Missouri a day which will be long Re
membered in the history of this country beimr
as it is, the day on which we are about to com
mence a system qf internal improvements in this
portion of the Mate designed to develop fully
its unlimited resources. The legislature of
Missouri lias at last seen what the great inter
... C.. J l . e
ests of the State require'end has come forward
i:k i i i i ir i .u-. .j . i- i
with a liberal hand and offered that aid which
long ago should have been tendered. There is
nothing now wanting but a commensurate en
terprise and public spirit displayed by our citi
zens as individuals. It is true, that the Nation
al Legislature has failed to grant that boon.
which we have a right to receive at their hand's.
and which, had common justice been extended,
would have been granted.
I understand that the representative of tlus
Congressional district is present, and in the
name of hi constituents I charge him, as 8 rep
resentative, to demand the appropriation of land
equal in liberality -and extent to those which
have been made to other States of this confeder
acy, and let him not ask it as a gratuiiy, but as-
sen uie rigni oi our oiaie io sucn an appropri
ation. Our fathers and we have pioneered in
this State, and our efforts have made it what
it -is, ana have made available to the government
the immense lands lying within its bounds.
We have endured these toils and hardships to
add one star to this glorious Union,- and for our
labors we demand a sumcient grant of public
lands to carry out our system of internal im
provements; and I flatter myself that the wish,
so uniformily acquiesced in by the constituency-
ot tne Mate, will meet also with their hearty
co-operation. Indeed, I have been recently in
formed, by good authority, that had it not been
for the pressure of business at the last session
of Congress, our call on the General Govern
ment would have been met with a favorable re
But fellow-citizens, we must. not relv alone
upon the action of Congress or the State Legis
lature, but -upon our own energies, our own
zeal, and our own means to successfully accom
plish this work; - It is one which should occunv
a prominent place in the considerations of the
people of this . country certainly one which
aims at tlm improvement of the State, bv ma
king her immense agricultural and mineral re
sources available; and is it not worthy of a high
position in-oar thoughts and actions? When
we look qver this, vast Union, crossed and tra
versed, as it is by railroads in portions of coun
try far,' far inferior in natural wealth to ours,
and see the prosperity and eminence to which
they have arrived through the instrumentality of
railroads, I ask, is it not time to put forth every
energy to make Uie same instrument become the
means of our prosperity? Surely it is not nec
essary to exhort our fallow citizen! to engage
In tins mighty enterprise, and which is but the
commencement, and St. Joseph not the termina
tion, but will be, only a single link in a chain
which shall extend over the vast expanse of our
country from the Atlantic to the Pacific; and this
great thoroughfare, by facilitating the means of
commraunication between us and the non-slave-holding
States, and making our fellow-citizens
personally familiar with our institututions, and
thus establishing a feeling of friendship and in
timacy, between the sister states of this Con
federacy, may be, through the wisdom of an
omnipotent f rovidence the means by which
this Union shall be forever perpetuated.
CCL. STEWARTS SPEECH.
We are Indebted to the Republican for the fol
lowing report of Col. Stiwabt's remarks upon
the occasion of removing the first shovel-ful of
earth in the construction of the Hannibal and
St. Joseph Railroad : .
Ftllow Citizens: Inasmuch as the Chief Ex
ecutive of the State has not been able to attend
on the present occasion, to officiate in the cere
mony of breaking the first ground of the great
highway which Eat been projected, and is now
about to be commenced, it has devolved, by in
vitation, upon me, and it is with pleasure that I
I believe I tpeak the sentiments pf all when
I say that ih.it is one of the brightest days in the
history of the State. Strange as it may appear
.-i.-?- e.. ...i.!u u... -i j VV..
to uiuso duiic wuicu iuvvo uuicrveu our slug
gish movements heretofore with disgust, and
contemplated our tardy policy with contempt,
and who have been accustomed to undervalue
our vast resources, which have been lost sight
of in our luck of energy and public spirit,
nevertheless this is the stcond occasion of a like
character which has been celebrated within-Uie
last tlx months ; Tor, within that time, the en- Mississippi at St, Louis, on one side, and to
terprising oo-workers in advancing internal im- ,Chicago, reaching the great river at Galena, and
provement have commenoed the construction Rock Island, on the other. This trade of the
of a railroad west from St. Louis that the State j West has enriched New York, and rendered her
will bo proud of: ud it is our wish that the Mnt of travel and transport valuable. Beton,
Hannibal and St. Joeeph Road may merit equal ,'hy her ucexripled taterprizj, !u (m a tim
favor in tha high opiniona ot the people of the 'shared it, taking a largo portion of it, aa it were,
State of Missouri. Publio spirit and enterprize from the very 01014th of New York. Philadel:
are embarked in the two schemes, with car- phi and Baltimore ar reaching afar the if arms
tainty of their being oarried out and completed, to engage in a contest for this trada in the val
and with full assurance that nothing will inter- jbjy of the Ohio, or upon the plains c the Buck
vene, unless it miglit be that Gon should rend
the earui asunder witn an earthquake, to prevent
its full consummation. I speak thus emphatic-tlft
11 1 Wl ... .
ally, because I know that the people of this State
nave manucstea a determination to push ahead
with unbounded energy in the work, and the
declaration has gone forth fcom the lips of men
n mighty numbers assembled, that it shall be
accomplished. Yes, it shall be completed, wheth
er tne ueneral Uoverrtaent give us what even
handed justice requires, Iff making appropria
tions of lands to aid in the work, as it has don
to our sister State, or persists in that unjust pol
icy wnicn nas compelled Missouri to stand back
for the last quarter of a century.
Fcllc-Gcttit-Xiouri is aifle herself to
build the road, even if other older States of the
confederacy, which have been the special recip
ients ot tne tavors or tne General Uongress, do
unite, and thus defeat the measures introduced
for Obtaining ber just rights. I do not anticipate
that our claims will fail to meet with attention
commensurate witn tneir importance: but if we
are to infer from the letter of Robcbt Rahtodl,
of Massachusetts, who says that, although we
nave running on our Dorders and in our midst
the great Mississippi and Missouri rivers, yet
we are so lar0benina ids improvements of our
neighbors east of us, that we must sot expect to
see our lands coming in competition with those
of Illinois opposition may be made, yet we will
relv on our own femircn, We hsYe burst the
chains which have so long bound us, hand and
foot, and have thrown off file shackles which
have crippled our energies, and have taken the
responsibility to speak and act for ourselves. It
shall no longer be said that Missouri is behind
khe improvements of the other States of the con-
I . . 1 .... .. . .
lederacy, lor we intend to make her what the
God of Nature designed her to be a most hap
py, peaceful and prosperous country. .
Tne State has come forward nobly it. the work,
and has extended her credit to aid in the pro
gress of the enterprise. Through her liberality,
loan of 5)J,5O0,UO0 was authorized for its con
summation. . Already the requisite stock "&
been taken to secure both loans. The success
of. the enterprise is rendered permanent .by a
soitoi unbounded teruuty and tne loveliest sec
tion of country I Was about to say, on the A
merican Continent. There is no country con
taining the same extent of territory which is ca
pable of sustaining suct, an amount of population
in full vigor as our State, and all we want to
successfully establish the truth of our assertions
in regard to the matter, is,0 to open the avenue
for r Irvine, off our wrndM". Tb.!S T"2zi VTCuli
be intersected at all points by numberless other
rail and plank roads, to make even the remotest
points in the State accessible to a good market;
and such an avalanche of the riches of Missouri's
soil will be poured" into the Mississippi, fo be
borne on her tiuiet bosom -to the ocean, and from,
thence carried to, all parts of the earth, as will
speak in tones' which canriot be controverted,
endorsing all which we claim for our State.
The speaker stated, that it only remained for
him to perform the ceremony of breaking the
ground, and, sinking the shovel in the earth, he
In 'the name of the Hannibal and St; Joseph
Railroad, with equal good- will to the Pacific
Railroad, and in the name of the State of Mis
souri, I remove the first shovel full of earth.
EUL ALLirrS LXTTXB.'
0 Sr. Louis, October 29th, 1851. '
Gestletes: ' ,
I regret thst ny fontirued bad health Vv ill
not permit me to participate with you in cele
brating the commencement of work upon the
Hannibal and st. Joseph Kaiiroad. I thank the
committee of the citizens of Hannibal, and the
Board of Directors of the Railroad Company,
sincerely, for their several special invitations to
be "present on so interesting an occasion. My
heart aad good, wishes, however, will be with
fou, as they have been Heretofore, and I snail
oak with confidence .to see a work so warmlv
sustajned by the people immediately interested,
so much needed, and so important to the whole
country, prosecuted steadily from the first Mon
day of XSorember to us triumphant completion
I regard the line you have projected as very fa-
vorably situated In every respect for the
. J . Tl N ' J V . I
strucuon ana support oi a ttauroau. iou nave
comparatively level country you Tiove coal,
wood and water, accessible for all the purposes
of operation. You are on the great route of
emigration to the Far West, ana .will connect
the waters of the Alissoun with the Mississip
pi. You are upon fertile lands, all Uie way,
capable of sustaining a vast population, and of
producing an, immensely valuable surplus of ag
ricultural staples for exportation. In a national
point of view, however important the Central
Railroad of Illinois may be, I regard your Road
as of equal direct value to the government of
the United States, and therefore as equally en
titled to their hid. The Central Road is longi
tudinal yourt it latitudinal. The great currents
. . , i i . . i ,i i- i ... , -
of trade and population take the lines of latitude'
not longitude. I presume it will be found
that no, lines of railroad to facilitate northern
and Southern intercourse and trade,pay so well
as those which facilitate Eastern and Western
intercourse and trade. I say this in no invid
ious spirit, but allude to it as perhaps a "fixed
fact." Experience is demonstrating that the
great policy of the East it Hasera txtension of
i if i . i ... .i .
'invested by the Eastern States in works pro-
naiiroaa lines, ana tne more capital mere is
jooted to the West, the more works they will be
glad to see constructed in the same direction.
New York, for example, the undoubted com
mercial capital of this country, and likely long
to remain so, has constructed a canal and two
Railroads to connect tide water and the Lakes.
It is evideutly the interest of the capital invest
ed in these works to extend the lines along both
shores of Lake Erie, and to continue in the na
tural course, by the way of Terr? Haute, to the
I ' The two
lines we ax now construotin
VOL. 2---N.O I1,
Missouri, the one from Hannibal to St. Jo
.1 . . . . J ft. W .
seoh on the North, the other from St. twin to
the Western line on the South, will be links in '
the great chain which will connect the Eastern ;
and the Western boundaries of the United ,
States. All the Railroads which may be fin
ished east of the Mississippi" river, will be in--terested
in the success of these two lines, and
all the States, n they cherish Uieir own work,
from Illinois to Maine, and from Maine to Car
olinafere interested in enoo-jnging them by any
influence, political or otherwise, which they
may brine; tobesr.
tlissouri stands in an attitude somewhat differ
ent now, from that she has occupied for many a
years. Mie has not heretoiore given mucn no
tablcxvidcnce of active friendship for internal
improvement. She has now emerged from her
barbaric stolidity, and entered a career of en
lightened improvement. - She has commenced
with clue caution. She was parJcuIarly foria-
pate in being able to avail herself of the vast ex
perience of the other States, ire having a good .
credit never impaired, and in being com putative-;,
ly free of debt. We shall soon feel these ad-
vantages. The last, legislature must have the
credit of bringing the State to a fair commitment
and of preparing the way for more liberal and
perfect laws hereafter. In the old attitude of
M ieeniirS . ih muhimrt Wf erITchd TT?h -'i.
timidity, and perhaps not'so much was gained
or even asked as might have been in ao
more advanced state Yet I am not prepared io
say that I would alter materially, the act loaning
the credit of the State to our two Railroads.
There are very few of our railroad charters,
however, that will be found to work well in
practise. Experience wilf show in what par
ticulars of detail they will require amendment.
A railroad, although necessarily in the hand of
a corporation, is a public enterprize, almost al
ways engagea in, as was especially ino case in
Missouri, for the promotion ot tne general pros
perity. If authorized at all by the Legislature,
if is "because public convenience or good re
quires it. In similar designs, generally, pnvate
interests are required to yield to those of the
public. - Individual rights ought' always to be
protected certainly, ana are, so far as tne inten
tion of the law is concerned. 'But that an indi-
idual should be permitted to obstruct for
mbnths' and perhaps a year or. more, such a
work, in order to obtain hot only hit rights, but
something more, unreasonable and unconsciona
hle Mima of tnooy-for nrt,W- H .murm
damages, seems preposterous and absurd. - Yet
an individual, through whose premises a railroad
corporation may desire to construct their road, ,
however much the road may enhance the value
of his property, may, it would seem, harass, de
lay aim worry a cpmpany into a virtual surren
der of their purse into hi hands till he gorge
himself to his entire satisfaction. This seems .
to me nothing less than "flat burglary," and rei t
quires a little legislative doctoring, er Railroad '
in Missouri will cost much more than ha been
In appropriating three million's and a half to
our two leading lines of railroad, the last legis
lature did as much as prudence, in tR'e use of
the public credit, seemed to warrant. It is now
of the highest importance that we make a care
ful and economical use of this credit, in order that
it may not only not depreciate under our man
agement, butothat it may take, and maintain
rank to which it is entitled, at par with tne lead
ing State stocks of the country. - There is no
rrsicl why IILii' I ti-wllt iwu!d aat.lje, .fir
rate. She has never failed to meet her engage
ments, npr has she made any she catinot meet.
Witd a great variety of valuable natural resour
ces, such as few other Mates posses, an in.
menje territory of 65,000 square miles, a pres
ent population oi w,uuv, increasing at a rate
that will enable her, if continued to number o-.
yer a million within the next ten years,' she
must acPvcry unwisely and very differently
from other States and people, if she does not
find herself entirely at ease in regard to any ob
ligations she hat as yet entered into, or is now
contemplating. , .;" '..'
The two railroads now going forward wilt
furni&h a test of the wisdom and utility of thei.
Con-1PrJewn " bte' ? J tie. test unit-
IvArtruhl MvJL'ihlV Ufl Dllini ttlll llA Xtt Pill nlpJl
z" ' - - - - r -
If favorable, they may be used as base lines4
from which branches may be projected wherev
er they will pay, and as example for indepen
dent lines. For myself, I anticipate the suecesa.
of the system", and nope to liye to see the Pacif-
ic Koad in operation, at ial io r. western
boundary liue, with a branch reaching into the
South-western district' of the State, and either
a" branch or an independent line lo the . Iron
Mountains and perhaps a continuation to Ar.
kansas. On the north aide of the river, I hone
to wilnca your Una completed, a line from St.
Louis, crossing yours and reaching toward
Iowa, and a connecting link between your roe-J
nd the Pacifio road at their upper end, if not
!l.A : t no ihpi middle sections. .
also. in. or near their middle sections.
Having the advantage of a pew country, and
no old Railroad connections to make, we have, Q
on our Pacifio road, adopted the wide guage
5 1-2 feet. I should be glad to tee your road
adopt the same. It is a guage particularly suited
to tne Great West, and there it tcracely a doubt
that the great East, if they were to commence
, am. now. would adopt that guoire.ri It's areat
advantage consists, briefly in admitting of a bet
ter arrangement of the engine, higher driving
wheels, lower centre 01 gravity, greater speea,
greater safety, and of larger and more commodi
ous car for passenger, as well as for cattle, and
freighU of a bulky character, as many of your
will be. 1 found, wmie at uie wn, ut, vuc
gague was generally approved by engineers,
superintendants of roads, and manufacturer of
engines. W are endeavoring to construct tha
Pacifio Road, so far as we go, as well we can
get the work don in thi part of the country.
W are going on by special contracts not by
the "lumping process," which is to often avail
ed of A wonderfully easy for a company, but
. .fin turns out so bCru for travelers, and Mr
bad for working, tbatjeconstruetion necessarily
lu to faibw. . ; '; , . ' "' ' " "; " .
It i much to be regretted thai we cannot
manufacture pur engine and rail it borne, v. ber
w have ucn aa abunu'.oce u iron. m vuf
Miitouri psachin ere not quit yetprpad for
tho manufacture of tha forow. n iwswfi 1a
tlje oountry can American awauf acborer eompet j
coarissiB vm ivi
' MV sasjinjfcr