Newspaper Page Text
f. i : ,t i .
i h n
! ; ! I
t SI in
. t : n
1 4 w- -n
. .i I
it sit i
9 '- 8 SI
I ton 7 1
t 1 i
fi i .
JOURNAL A U I) " U N IO N.
JOl'KXAL AN!) UNION.
IC( CX MHO STKCCT, BKTWIKN ASI HAITI.
, . o
TKft.MS OF THE JOURNAL AND UXIONV
IU ADVANCE, I . U V. $1 CO
'if aot paid within 6 Konths, 60
If not paid wiihla 12 Honthty $2 C3
J,Sl . B&:ics, f Kcept inairiiajra and dealb', be
rltareii ai ailvritiM'tncnts , ,r .
Agutg for the.foarnal and Union.
ti. 8. Wri;tit, NiiUdplpliia. '
W. K. Siomr, MiBphi, Scotlia C., Mo. ' i .
- H. H. finrhaniH and Joha A.4tuarlst of FloriJ
i Wm.O. Vou!ie,oS Jiew London. - ' ''Uit
.Mr. (ouch, ol tiiitton. i . .
V ro. N. Pono and . ff.
'VI. U. Kr, Hmwtoti. .
, Aulrew )tlo, Rowling Grefn. '
Ljr- 1V' i
HfM nlr; l-mulrlpliia. ..tfw '"! .iT"
McVi'igh Marluw, fwioia Fe. : ;;., , f ,
PlmiLter are rrqirtrd to allow os to add tiicm
jo lite lut. , . .
'Til abv! nanied entlemcn are authorised to give
receipts lor money due thii Utirt. . , ,
o St. Louis Agent
Louis F. Paysoo, No." 127, N. Fourth
St. Louis, Mo., is our authorized Agent to ob
tain Advertisement a and Suhscriptions, co!lort
Accounts, &c. -
0 A K D I D A T E fi . ,
" 0We sra nihorized to annouitea D, f. JACKSON
as a candidate for Siierilf, at (he eniuing election,. Id
, We' are attliorixrd to announce R. J. BtlADf.BY
a candidal lor bbcrm ol Mai toa cotuity at the ensuing
- Augnit electioii. , . i , : .t ,,. , ' seplStd .
We are aiilhtiuted loaiinonnca HTM. "A. MADDOX,
caimiunie tor aneitu ol aiauou county -at Use vnsa
litir kff inn - 1A r . . , . . i
;: j ,t .I'.-. NaLLIFICATlOW. - ;' --
The St. Louis Time late us to task for
- ileuouncing tlto Kentucky nuUiCcatioj resulu-
Hons the Time is mistaken in saj ing hat we
""also denounced the Virginia resolutions'. . We
; charged tlmt every man who susiuih the Pnl-
myra resolutions, knowingly, ia f Birflificr. , Did
!' the Time deny that ibis. BMertipn via, true?.
'" No. It dare nA.t. - J ! io
-i T,- Ve repcat, without fear of the Timet,' or ny
;, ; other Locofoco paper, that When doctrfnes'auch
as these' come generally t o be acted " upon, the
', ."' We did not advance the'doctrihe thattlierei
Yjop k-cmedj ngiiinst usurj.ird or arbitrary pow
er, nor u there any ueh Whig doctrine.'
v The ', Times construe o:ir article thu $
Wliatever Congres chooft to do, , and the
Supreme Court to' sanction, in' law, and 'resist
, mice to such legislation and judicial 'tyranny -Is
i to be stigmatised as. treason ,un'd rabeyiori!
'wliether such reststance be within or yithoqt
' the forms of the Constitution."'!' We edvoeated
o such thing. What we maintain, 'is; that nul-
riATf.s OP invtn'TKi'vn'' ; k 1
Th following i tlx- rales of Advertising; in the foundation of the perpetuity' of ouf Union ?
IIniibl j)pri 7 : ". ,' -, .-,-' - , , : "O"
AevKarifiKft.--One qtmr,of 12 lines or lets, one '"" "' ' " " " ' 0: -' :-'....
Usorlionj (JolJai each uWoneut imcdion 45 Presidential ElOCUoa. i ;
ot a folumn, $ 15; hnir column, a whole jrot- one of the most,, important that has taken place
umi W. ! f -t. . ' '' - "''" r . . I
. r ' t ' '".' "! is,: i.. - s.v.v iij puuiiucai cam. Mere it not so, they
.lilicatioiMs a uiodeof wsistance not within the1 ' -i-i . , , . .y . .
form, ot Uie Q,nstitution,'v;V;l;:i;i; "-. waste ,n idle
m ..,-.....i... i .1.-' ' ef ;:"..-i''lnUb0 :.Prehaing tlid freedom of the nc-
lf we understand the doctrine ot nullifies! ipn,
power ot ttjweai, fay
case decided by the . Supreme Cojirt',' inay be
carried vp to a higher court, composed of any
Stale legislature; and Ihcre the decision may be
reversed; and tlmt Tuit Vighl of appeal is provided I
f jr m the Constitution, ,Vi tlie' Timet' point
to a chiuse in the Constitution making such pro-.
at advocated by the Times, it doet not deny that S- T-'f u V i ' ..-"
,, n . ;v , . ., . , them comfortably ty their sides for neighbors,
the General Government, is the " judee of the i T J - , ,, b
- . '. ... '.','. :. .. ii I in muill 0 cause the South would eneournim
, exicni 01 the powers aeiegated -to ltsclt." but it ' .,,,, ..
,: t . ., ., r, . . , tiiem, and many" slaveholders would meet them
' ' doc. deny tliat tlio General Goverumeiit is the IkoIp i ,v,t . " " 1 ",m
... . , .- ... , . , , ' . halt way,' and sell them their ueerpea at less
; "exclusive," or "final" judge.. In oilier word?, 1 .1 -''
. - ........ ......i mm taiuc, it tnvTv wfjiiiu pive seeiirnv ut
, vision r ; ... ..;
' " ' According to nullification views, as 'advocated
h-.-i the, Times, wlwn the Cortihrtlou 'says', "the
,' ,law tot.-the United Slates, whieU.shal) bv made
in pursuance thereof," "shall be the. supreme
':' jlaW' of the land J and the judge in every Stale
.. fchali .be bouiu tliereby, anytliincr in the Consti
tution or huvs of liny Stale, to the'eoitruty n'oU
i . ;'il3ihindiiig,'' it mean tliat a iaw of the United
t'-0 jsiaieit shall vieldfcj every conflicting law of any
.'tL'l'JSttit IcgisClnrej ' that -when tlio Constitutkm
r'j t ' 'he pow er of the Supreme Juicirry','han
- : , extend to ult cam, iir luw and equity, arising
der tire C6nliution and the kys of tlie Uni-
"" cd State'," there'is still ground enopgh k-fUJ ur
U 'he uapUcation, that thfrc is provided uno com
r. ..; .moajwdgc'.'.'of the supreme law of the land; that
; . theGehefid .Gov.eruutent may grew corrupt, )mt,
j . '7 that it is impossible for State goierniacnts to
become cither corrupt or rebellious ; tiut the
;. .Supreme Cuurl may render a inistuLeu,imerprc
latioa of the Constitution,--rStalelJgifclatin'e,;
. never ; that it is alway safe to app;al from the
aecisions of the Supremo Court to the Suit
,i ; Jlgslture, as'.jhe incorruptible and infullible
..-re souriv of all l-jjal learning and wisdom ; tliat
- , when the legislature of PUBylvai44 'declared
' ' the tariucotlsituti(midf 'and the hlolature of
. boiith Carolinrf declared the same tnr iff uneon
,,v;, - KtituiwiihIt,uiiJ nu'l and, void,' both were riglit
! ji, t 4liat if a law should be passed by the Congress
. : wf .!51 -'52, which should ufUrwardt be ,pro
. nouaewl constitutional by one-half .the Slatesmid
! - Miicviistilutioiml by the "'Other' 'half, 'tliat these
, tilo,n'ouU,tl,U rtgfy'j tliii'f iv slioiil.l
i -be pasted by Congress b '&:$2,'yUkU should
arterwaifdV be pronounced contil uHonal by the
' "i.laVcholJbig.-ttiid 'illK'onstitutional by Ihe nou-
tJawHiyUtug StatenvJiat ;jho I-g?slati(r.'-t'VohW
ftl! be light; thU the jWj.ciiMfti'wIiu'repM'SfiltwJ
,,rk ht yuiiJ?;hVtX 'thfyWa',9 J,
- ' "
W(.r". to ,) tUXHirdl()7 to their cwn e:islniei
lion of ii, iii defianecv if occasion offered, of 4 !
il.wi '.,. t. .'r..4 :
Through feu li contusion of all Idea of consti
tution;,! and rrjftilur government ; through such
mass of clashing power, clinging opM)ifr.
hut wilhotit a controlling head, who doc -not
see in the clouded uad distant future, the effect
of jarring and opposing Stale legislation when
i',1.. 'nl tn's c':nne' producing alienation of
fccung ami josierlng "hmlly among the State
toward each other, ant! to the General Govern
inent ; thus ttrikiiiYfHle? Mow at the
atnee the Iotpi ion opour government, audit
behoove ihi Whig t aelect their otmdidute
with cSre and jirndinec,'if they would be suc
cwfuT, iindit weri far better for theni and for
die country, that they should not succeed ai nil,
llian to supoeed wilh, man who may not be
equal to any emergency' that may be likely to
arise,' or who i Uot knowh to posses honesty
La",tr!!";nne enough to execute the law in cveiry !
j ,rUr, ana at liiwzards V.f ' . ,j
r..;Ko mny now elements wiliontiir into the nett
Prfidentinl eletitiori.'that it i . impoasiblo to'
make anj- cidciilatmn s it the 'probable issw. notj-baustcd,' they might give still We qotf
InUie NorIw tho Rc'ward 'or Abolition Whigs, j vincing proof, of thoir sincerity, by contribu,
wiil roakp a ..rat ; effort jo get up a sectional j ting liberal to a fund for the purpose of pur
jwrty iaiopposUionlothe Iruly naUonal odmin- chasing the freedom of such negroes as' ifiej
istralion of Mr. Fillmore, and they, will use could buy, and removing them to the free States
every exertion' to delt-.it either hi nomination and r,rovilino- tnr ,!.- tk .
cry exci-iion to ueivat either Ins nomination
and, election; or , that, of ' Mr.. Webtter.'or "any
other Whig, wilh.tlmir ejjUrged views upon the
slavery question. .? t ,. . .
( Inn thinrr .''.fffi; ZtlCZCCZ i- -4...
one entcriaiiung' different sentiments upon the
Compromise, is entirely out 'of, the question, aiid,
wit. ujHiiiuu, is iu uesirauie. , t , 0
'4' Northing biit ft strict adherence to the adjust
ment of the Compromise, nnd a rigid enforce
ment of the laws, in good faith, can preserve the
Union, and savelho country from the horrors of
a civil war.' ; IIo must be a casual observer,
who does not knoiy thai it is the firm and settled
determination of the whole South to submit to no
further regression upon! their rights by tlie
Norllu Any material modification of IIk Fugi
tive Sluve Law, of any interference with slavery
In tlie Siates, or the application of the prinoicle
of tlieljilaot Pro.vis to any of the Territories,!
weuia,he xesjstc4 by. tlio entire Soutli, to the'
last extneraity, and with great unanimity.
' 'When it is
rrnwieii uih slavery -was forced
upon the. Soutli ,by Bnlmh tyranny and North-
ern cupiday, agaiust iaciiuost.earncst, reraon -
strances, and that the great opposition, to the
Slave Trade, came from the very quarters tliat
lore now iOj bitterly 'denouncing slavery as a
uauHtwi in, i is not wonuerful tliat tlie Soutli
should be sensitive to oil uch interference. ,-,
' Could wb ba atisfietl that the Abolitionist
were sincere ' in their opposition to slavery, we
mig'ht bo; "disposed to view their opinions with
some degree of allowance ; but from ell the cir
eumstancesr attending tiioir action,' -we are satis-
lied that their declamation upon litis ubject, is
they designed lo set them free, and not to spec
ulate on. them,et Wjth a, tlie itatipn they havej
Lr. r, ,.,wt ..H ,l. , "V
-v. ,v ,HuIlly uxn nas ocen spent.
ww nnoiwe ever. lihented
one trngle negro,; unless . they stole him, and
the condition d th black.,, an4l, riveted their
chains still tight
rv.""-,,."iv'i-'iu. iiiierierence. taev have en.
I ilAl V Wfllclta. 'll. ' f 1f'.i : ,1 ' -!
: " ";. T ",g ,nlav;oroi, gradual.
emancipation ,n A jrginia, Maryland, Kentucky
iiou it not been Tor tho Abolition movement,
Maryland, Virginia and Kentucky would, in all
. it i ' . . ...
prouaoimy, iavj IukI o'system of gradual eman
cipatiifn under way. , It i9 known t;ml (lIs
was a. leading idea with many of Virginia's
wisest statesmen, including Mr. Jefferson. Had
such not been' ihc case, Virginia, when" "she
made t!.t most 'magnificent donation to the Fed
eral government of the whole North Western
territory, never would liJtve incorporated a pro
viso that it should bo free, and without which,
the great State of Ohio, Indiana, &c., wouhli
i . v
iwv oo siave lerritoi-j'i , . . ; .
Virginia gave some jiroof of her desire to crct
o Blaycry when she gave away territory
worth aliiiost enough to pu$ the national debt of
England,' and decreed that it sluyuld be free. She
wu prepiu-mg as fast as. a due regard for the
rights of her citizens and the welfare of the. nc
groes themselves would permit, for a system of
ia!iusii,cmanciputiou, when fie fell spirit of ab
oliliou arose in the North, demanding the imme
diate abolition of slavery., A might liave been
cxjieclcd, every movement in fUVOr of gradoal
emancipation had to bp instaikly and entirely
nbauduued to' meet, With undivided front; the new
enemy that a' unexpectedly ossailed thtm.
; IV. , ....:i.. : .. ,,. . . . ., '. "
... u.i.jr imuguiu u: jiiust nave betu
the indignant' feeliii'g oi th gray hHiie'd
,;, f:-.-:. ....' i- - - .
...vii ut. y (i'H'tt, wno.iiaa given up ) reely a mag
nificent immoi'n,' cqiial .in' extent to severul of
tli gwal 'powJ'. utiFAtro,.' and Tdeeneed 'ii
shouU be free who had given their. most anx
lous. thoughts to the pi-uctica!ility of getting rid
1 .? MX an
rU" Vfn' "lem lh delicti que.-
JOURNAL, AND -UNION HANNIBAL? MO., NOVEMpEltO,
tint, 1. kt.ir l.r;.ut P.K-jl'.a trim Lnm n.Mli
ing of the aubjcct, and many of whom had been
pcrhnpt instrumental n forcing tin very !
very upon them. An Interference too that might
lifjlit up their hearth wilh the horror of a ser
vile wef. I ' ; . ' -5 : r .
- IJ tli alndiiioiiisls should desire an opportu
nity lo give some proof of their sincerity, and lo
turn their xcul to some practical account, .the
condition of the free negroes in the slave states
now offers them uch an apportuuity. .,. .
-Tho witljering, blighting influenoa of aboli
trunism has operated peculiarly hard upon this
class of our population, and it mint bo evident
to every one, that they" cannot much longer re
main in the slavo state and enjoy their lilvcrty
In a few more years at most, they will all be
compelled to leave the slave State or go into la-
tt:JW- ' ..... , '
... Now if the abolitionists will devise some plan
by which they could provide for the removal
and Comfortable settlement ofall free negroes
and all such slave a ,might be manumitted for
that purpose in tome of the free States, they
will give more convincing proof of their since
rity, and oflect more for tho freedom of the ne
gro' fhr they will erct by their nsitiug
declamation and their insane publications,
After die free negroes were all rtmoviii and
comfortably, nettled, and their philanthropy' was
and providing for them They might buy
young negroes, nnd educate and fit them for lib
erty. We should like to see the nest abolition
convention, make some such" movement. . No
uwbi Syracuse, Chicago, Worcester, Butlaio and
all those places would be glad to increase their
! population by receiving them, and they would
keep up a generous rivalry! amongst themselves
al to which could secure the most for citizens.
As these places tire willing to afford an asylum
to the "panting fugitive,'" it would be t slander
on them to say that they would liol'be equally
willing lo afford an asylum to all such asmight
obtain their freedom in a legal manner.
There are some 3,000,000 of tlavea in the
South;. tome $1,200,000,000 invested in this
species of property. Those who expect the
South to .sacrifice this immense sum, all at one
fell woop, for the cause of negro freedom,
ought to be willing to bleeti -freely themselves.
But to return to tjle Presidential election!
WTe have said many new element will enfer in-'
ta th a l.t;rt . t xrv. kA
higher law .Whigs are making .trong effort to
orKan;ge a Actional partv the WMent
administration. ... In the South, old party lines ap
;j'' S-.i 1 T't.': a , ,v" v .'..'
pear to be entirely obliterated, and the two par
tics of Whig and Democrat appear to be mer
ged into that of Unionist and secessionists.
In the North, there is a manifest tendency on
the part of tlie Democrat and Free Soilers to
coalesce, j What influence these different phases
that parties have assumed' may have upon the
next Presidential election, it i difficult to con
jecture. We conceive it to ba the true policy of the
Whigs to present a candidate of enlarged and
slatesmanhko yiews, one who will know no
North, no Soutli, but who will execute the laws
faithfully, without, respect to localities, who is
above the suspicion of abolitionism on the one
hand,- or nullification on the otherone who.
can command the confidence of the whole coun
try. Such a man is Millard Fillmore. He has
administered the government in such a manner
as to win the ftpphuse of many of his political
Opponents, and to djsarm the opposition of all
Uie" honest and iberal min,le,l P H,p rvm,
L,rty. No doubt many trading politician will
tknounce him-they would do so if he .were as
:wiU denounce him with a taya and Hvena-
i I like ferocity, ibut the truly conservative ofall
parties, in, all sections, will rally to hit support.
There are ihnny Whigs that we would freely
.upport, none wlthbmore fcct c6nMJe
than Millard Fillmore.
The Louisville Courier publishes a statement
of the crop of Hogs of Ohio, Kentucky, Indiana,
Tennessee, Missouri, Iowa aiid Illinois, for the
yeart!849, '50 and '51.
lho crop of Hogg in 1849 '50, was 1,608
120, averaging 200 lbs., equal to 321,624,000
lbs ; in 1850 '51, it was 1,264,608, avcragin-
ISO lb, equal to 227,629,440 lbs; in 1851 '52,
l,.iUU,lH)U, averaging 200 lbs, equal lo 260,000,
OoO lbs. - -
Hts r's Meacu ants' MAGAtiNE has articles
on Protection vs. Free Trade: f,,.i,..n,.1-; ,l
unj town 6f the United Suites; the manufacture
of Iron iu Pennsylvania; with valuable tables of
statistics; nnd many other subjects are treated in,
a manner that cannot but be useful to tlie gene
. CouwTEHrEiTEB. We understand thereure
some vile nuoals ahout, who are engaged in pass
ing counterfeit money. It is said they hove ten
dollar Missouri bills, Ohio money; and half dol
lar. JJc careful I v cio'
Pons. At Spriugfield, (III.,) and at Terre
iiante, pripes have gou? dowp; ut Louisyilhi,
very little business is doimr, and at Cincinnati
and Madison, nothing whatever. In New Or
jeans, tho market is heavy and 'visetlled,"anu
very nuw aging,
&trluin,ii Mageittm is now l.
addiriajp,, 9f a U)ore serious nature, several
manner P'- . ,
SiDLraT ahd SnocMiKiiira. All who wish
work well 'lorie at loyi prices, will d well to
call on J. Uoic, whote Advertisement is in an
other column.j ' ? - - J y j jVJ: .
Ofoe II. JL.EER
& AaaooAst't advertise-
mcnt. ' 1 ' w' T ' "
r .A .Meat ih .th Wiowam. The Spring
field Flag (Benton) oaay -the Democracy pf
Greene county ' have miled V ' the. jKprlngfield
Advertiser (Anti-Benton) eay the Democracy
liave hot united in Greene county.; t
V.-.vv v ; - ', ' ,,' i , , t. , '
a CiacJijfrtox AoAts. We do not brag much
on our circulation within the city, or within tlie
"range of "the Hannibal Post Office," but"be
jonj that, or in the buck counties, it cannot Tie
beaten, or any approach mado to it in thyj( sec
tion, m )Ve ttanu prepared lo prove linn.. , -
' 1 B W A L LOVT' BAR N. ' 'rj
F B O M TUB "tITEll RT .WOBIO." ;
Mr. Kennedy' book.! and will remain a fa
vorite pioture of Uie Soutli. It very Jangor i
characteristic of the topic. You have ii keen
sci'if.fice or closFy-pAclecl. f.iM'gt'iie J'.vr:!!i'.irt !
but a. leisurely Induction '(! incident and nnctj-i
dote. Ihere is time euough before Ut all ; "oM
Vtrgima never tires;" and of a long summer af
femoon 'or winter'" fireside; Swallow Barn may
tbe afely entertained as amoiig the most cheerful
oi companions, ics SKeicncs are "commonly or
the Irvtngesquc type, amiable -jnteinper, but not
without an occasional toutJh of "humorous satire
to relieve them from the insividitv of dull euloerv.
In pleasant proof of Ihis'.'rad 'the Stowing hit
at Virrjiua eloquence".. Fjrank Meriwether : ont
of the draiAotis 'persona, tho pegs upon which
the author hangs his esstrys, i thu introduced
near Uie commencement 5,...,. ( J;-.
"' ' SPLATTERf HWA1TE DTJBBS,
. I observe, moreover, that he has a constitu
tional fondness for paradoxes, and docs not scru
pie to adopt and republish any apothegm that is
caicuiaicu to sianie one uy us novelty, lie nas
a correspondence with several old friends, who
were with him at college, and who . have now
risen into an extensive political notoriety in Uie
State: these gentlemen furnish him with many
new currents of .thought, along which he glide's
with a happy velocity, . He Is essentially Tnedi-
taliveinhis character, and somewhat given
ucuuiuuiuuu, aim mese trails nave counnumcuteu
a certain , measured and deliberate gesticulation
to hi discourse. I have frequently seen him af
ter dinner stride backwards and forwards across
the room for some moincuts, wrappedn tllought,
and then (lino- liimKelF unm, Inl'., n,l ,.
out with some weighty doubt, expressed with a!
solemn emphasis. In this form he Iatelv liiwtin
a conversation, or rather speech, that for a mo
ment quite disconcerted inc.. , 'After all said
2us, us if Le Jid- been talking io me before, al
though these were Ihe first words he uttered
then making a parenthesis; so as to qualify what
Jie.wat going to say 'I .don't' deny that the
steamboat is destined to produce valuable results
but after, all, I much question fand here hei
bif his upper lip, and paused an instant,) if we
are not much better without it. I declare, I
think it strikes deeper at the supremacy of the
State than most persons are willing to allow.
This annihilatiop of space, sir, it not to be de
sired, '"Our protection against the evils of con
solidation consists in the very obstacles to our
intercourse. . Splatterthwaite Dubbs of Dinwid
die (or some such name Frank is famous for
quoting the .opinions of his contemporaries.-
liis Splatterthwaite. I take it. was sninn nl,I
teee chum who had got into the Legislature, and
1 dare say, made pungent speeches) Dubbs of
Dinwiddle made a good remark : That the home
material of Virginia was never so good as when
tlie road vyere al their worst. , And so Frank
went on with quite a harangue, to which none
of the company replied one wordf lor fear we
might get into a dispute. . Every body seems to
understand tlie advantage of silence when Meri
wciiier is inciineu io oe Cxpatiitoi'."
The transmigrations and decadence of one of
this orator's expressions give the history of
more than one worn-out metaphor, which, start
ing from some great orator, is.ignomimously ban
died about by vulgar declaimer :
. DECLINE ANp FALL OF METAPHOR.' '
"Meriwether had given several indii-nt iim.
immediately after breakfast, of a design to pour
out upon us the gathered ruminations of the last
twenty-four hours, Jmt we had evaded the storm
vyith some caution, whin therrivs! cf two or
three neighbors plain, homesnun farmers-telm
had ridden to Swallow Barn to execute some na-
. l . r 1 I. ... . . .r.
j.i i uexure, iTuriKus a magistrate, furnished
hi:a withjm occasion that was cot to be lost. Af-
t unipatetnuguicir business, he detained them,
ostensibly to inquire about their crops and other!
matters of their vocation, but in reality 'to give
mi-Hi irnu vry uoou oi politic which we had es
caped.'' We of course listened without concern,
since we were assured of an auditory that would
not flinch. In the course of this disquisition he
made use ot figure of speech which savored of
some previous study, or at least wa highly in
Ihe orutorical vein. '.Mark mo, gentlemen,' said
hC, contrdrtinff his brow over his fine thoughtful
eye, and pointing the forefinger of his left hand
directly at the face ol tlie person he addressed,
'Mark me, gentlemen vou and I mav nut Uvb
io sec. n, dui our children will ico il, nd wail
over a uie sovereignty or this Ininn wlll K
the rod of Aaron: it will turn intrt eri.,it
wauuw up ii mat suuggte with jt. Mn
Chub wm present at this solemn denunciation,
and wa very much' affected, by it. He rubbed
hit hand with some briskness, and uUered hit
applause in a short but vehement panegyric, iu
which vyere heard only tlie detached words
Mr. Burke, Cicero." . . 1 .... , ,.;
"The next .day Ned aud myl were walLiitjr
j "- "- , "nu were iiuueu by Hip,
from oue of the wWlowtv who in a sly under
tone, at he beckoned ns tos oomc , close to him
tQld u 'if we wanted tq lar a jrewilar preauh'
room unobserved, and tliera wur patriotio
pediigoau'e haranauiocr Uie bov wi:h vi,t....
of action that ove an ueklitioiiai supply of blood
into hit face., . It was apparent tmil Uie old ifen
tjuman bail irol ntuoh hevond ihn .l.-..il. r i.;.
j, r.. 111.
hearers, and wot nounm? out hi. rhetnri,.
from ortorical iiMuly ,tlian from juiy hope ot.
liiflitouiuj- hit audienm).,; At.
part of li strain,: he bnulght Kimtelf by a kind
ui vii.iiu ut uiu iuciHins.1 seniimeii). UUvrod bv
Meriwether iba.xky before Ho .warned hi
your.j tietrer tie o lest of them was not above,
fourteen 'to keep a lynx-eyed gaze upon that
serpent-like ambition which would convert the
Government at Washington into Aaron s rod, to
swallovf up the independence of theif native
State;"V , f' '' V - ,
"This conceit immediately rnh through all the
lower circles at Swallow IWn. Mr. Tongue,
the overseer, rem-ated it at the:?blacksmiih s
shop, in the presence of the blacksmith and Mr.
Absalom Bulrush, a fpnrc. ague-and-fcvcrish
husbamlman who occupies a muddy slip of marsh
land on one of the river bottom, which is now
under mortgage tcPMeriwclher and from these
it ha spread far and wide, though, a good deal
diluted, until in its circitit it has. reached our
veteran gfoom , Ciirey,' who consider tho enti
ment as importing something of an awful nature.
With the smallest encouragement, Carey will put
on a tragi-comic face, shako his head very slow
ly, turn up his eyeballs, and,. open, out his broad
scaly hands, while he repeats with labored voice,
'Look out, Master- Ned! Aaron t rod a black
snake in old Virginny!' 'ITp'on which, as we
fall into a roar of laughter, Cagrcy stares with as
tonishment at our irreverence. Bui having been
set to acting this scene for us once or twice, he
now suspect some joke, and asks 'if there isn't
a copper for an old negro,' which if he succeeds
in gotting, he run off, telling us 'he is too 'cute
to make a fool of himself.' , ,.,'
: 1 -" ' -
Another Leaf in the Chapter of Locofoco
;' President daKlng.
Some fow'tlays since quite n scene was given!
try the correspondent ot the JNew I ork Conner
and Enquirer, from Washington; that Recurred
in that citv between Senator Douglas and a third
person, whose name was not triven, and iu which
Vmcrliw ehnrcreil him with bavinC nlleired that
)iis (Douglas' ) friends' liad gotten up the Greer
and Donaldson correspondence to break .down
Gen. Houston, The Jvew York Herald contains
the following letter from Thomas Shnnkland,
whom it scemt wat the person Douglas held the
conversation with and who walks into the '-little
gianf about 'a ftd!" This Mr. Shankland is
tinished specimen ot a JNew York political
triokster,fwas a crcat friend of Mr. Calhoun'
and is now jiist as enthusiastic an admirer otihis merits in these respect nre more than over
Gen. Sam. Houston. While Congress is in ses
sion he generally is a pretty active and punctual
member of the third house, or lobby, and so
yorks his card as to have a finger ih most every
iness that is gotten fep, undevcry project that is
pending in that body, if. money is to be madejby'
the Operation. That he is fearless in his advo
cacy of or opposition to, prominent mei of his
own party, the following lo Senator Douglas
clearly shows. We think, from the tone .," this
letter, Djuglas has been thrown off his nisual
cautiousness, and has suffered thisf wily friend
of Gen., Houston to decoy him into an cmbar-
to'rassment that he wiH find it difficult to disen-
, cumoer nimseit ol : Jou. rjour. ' ;
I . L
WashYngton, Oct. 31, 1851..
Ho. Stephe.x A. Douglas:
Sia In the Herald of yesterday, I see, with
some surprise, a statement, supposed to have
l r l-j i
bcen, furn,8hed bv 7' .f wnntervtewtielwccn
is ri nliariiirii nnd numnLir., 'm .1 .1 . 1 1 It
and as I seem to be the person pointed it as the
one who eaitod on you at your room,, so crcatlv I
On n,. ..,-ri.e I dnrta V , i . 1
your statement through the channel chosen bv
l.mnt ik v. .u :i i , " . i
yourself, boon liter your arrival in this city,
1 called one evening at the National Hotel, and!
inquired ut the office for you, and sent tip a card,
flrst wrillng Thos. Shankland on it in rather a
j-wt uui ,iui umguiseu iiaiiu. i ne servant soon
returned and requested me to walk up. I ac
cordingly followed him to your room, and en
tered it, as I supposed, by your invitation, and
not supposing that I was taking you by surprise.
You was reclining on the bed, aud near' yim sat
a gentleman, smoking a segar. At this lime I
was unconscious of danger; You raised your
self sufficiently so to shake hands, and in.roduced
or named your friendMr. Reed, I think. I
was scarcely seated, when you commenced a
most vehement and furious onsloughtvujioh me.
The surprise the suddenness of the njtuek
the place your position and mine contrasted i
your friend by your side smoking ("and where
there is smoke .there is fire,") myself aloner
.y.iuuui. u witness or a weapon, in another per.
son's room, and that person armed wilh a wit
ness, and letters and evidence unknown to me1
before, left me speechless and in amazement.
0lV were excited, I was -suffering wilh a sick
..C4ichc, and overwhelmed with your heavy
and unexpected blows. I staggered in bewil
You first denied that your friend in New
York had got up the Donaldson correspondence.
How vmi eould answer for all your friends inj
New York was to me'a mnrvel I l , .,
had friends there; but how you could know them
ii ?"d knowi"g them' "w you should know
all that they may ormav not havn ilnno. mill 1iast
you would assume such a resnonsibililv a9 in
answer for tttch friends, and so many of them, !
..M pwnra. yi nsienett with my mouth
wide open. "You had received a letter, in a!
disguised handwriting; you had compared hand-1
wrilines, and knew wlm Mr n,.i.u
1 1 Iclt rcievcd. Lverybody had been iu the dark,
and inoui ring who Donaldson was, aud where
he lived, and who he boarded with, and K he va
a cousin of Major A. J. Donaldson, ice., &c.
Here was a mystery cleared up. You know
who got up the Donaldson correspondence in
New ork, and I was glad to henr you say so
It relieved me of a load or obloquy 'which you
and your friends had cast uporfme, by chaninir
me as the uuthor of the Donaldson letter il
you avowed your knowledge of the author, and
tiad all Ihe nccessarv nraofs lKer, m
i ...... i u n
' I now Call UDOll vou tn Minn m.t n.,,1 ,i:....i . ...
amuor, amers and nbettertof tho whole cor
rctDoudenc'e. Was it gotten up to injure Ge...
eral Houston, or to serve your purpose? Will
it kill him or you? Was ft his or jour friends
who were to be killed, and buried alter the
smokeclmcdoff? This hasty plate of soup sort
Pf letter, I know you will pardon, a. I proiniie
yon a better one hereafter, after the hurt it ov er
a little. ' Yours, . - .
, :; . , thosshanklani), r
houl 2,000 for Governs of Wisconsin. There
gm chance, also, that the Whigs have Z.
hed the Legisl uurc-tho result is L pJitive.
?'-.52t II VT.UU the introduction of
u system, of -Banking, uio.lhu. , Stale l i.
also been carried by . large nlunhy '-f U
Wisconsin ! (Locofoi-n.lsiiv VI, . i.... i-'..., .
U.cu,o4 EcEcrioN.-The Locoroeos have
lmB". ' ihiMEa. J A
SECESSIONIST ir HISS0URI.
Ve take the following froin thd St. Louis In
telligencer.' U appear thuti thojTimei is not
only a full blooded NulliAerj but if he escape
being entitleif also to lh name bf Sictsnonvil, it
is by "tho skin of hi teeth." We wonder if
the Democrats of Missouri ore willing to folio
tho Times o fur as it aspire to lend them! We
risk taking the responsibility ot advising tho : Jr ,
Times to hold-on aspell," till the Democracy,, '
oatches up. Some of them have got at for is
nulliiiciiiion, but we trust' (hat very few can
bclound, who are willing lo launch ouluponthe
stormy ocean of secession: '
' Tiic Time regrets tho defeat of Jefferson DaA
vis and the election of Henry S.iFootc, as Gov-
I ernor of Mississippi. It endorse tVe Democ-'
jra'cy of Davis, aiid repudiutc Foote at-n Hto4'
of the Whips, without settled political prWil
pies,'" In connection with this eulogy of Davis,
it will be well enough to romombcr tliut lie w
not only violently opposed to tho Compromise;
measure when they were pending, but that
since their .adoption ho has been tho "right bow
er" of Quitman in his crusade against the Un
ion; tluuy wlieU the latter was driven from the
field, by the overwhelming force of public opin
ion, Davis stepped forth us tho champion of the
disunion' party, -on,, nil occasions avowing, his
hostility to the compromise measure and doing
all iiy'iib pvwcv to fctii'Ciit-, opposition lo tiiem..
This is the man whoin the Times ciulorsc as "a. 3
sound Democratic Statesman," and whose de
feat has so, excited its sympathy. Th Time
says, "we nre no secessionists," but in the next
breath it utters lamentations over the defeat of
the verV "head and front" bf the secession par
ty in Mississipni. It ' regrets the election fcC"
loole, who is also a Democrat, and who, it i
admitted, has rendered valuable service in be--half
of the compromise measure. Why ,lhen"'
does the Time repudiate him? We-give Hit
reason in its own words : , ' , , ': "
. . "Although we cordially apnrovcd' hi course-
upon Uie coinpcomtse bills ami in other respects,
balanced by his . subsequent combination with
the Whig. .parly in order, to promote his person
al end, by the sam mad-dog cry of secession!
and disunion which we have had dinned into
our 'ears in this State without sense or reason
for the last two or three y.ears.'" . "' '
Well, that is decidedly" cool, to say tho least
of it. Ho united with the Whigs to.sustain tlie
I ninn, and to defeat tho machinations of Quit- .
man, Davis & Co., and Unt i an unpardonuble
offence' in the estimation of tlie Times.. Hut we
aye tojd, it was only the "mad dog cry of seces
sion and disunion which we have had dinned in
to our car in this State, without scbs or rea-
son', for the last two or three years. ,T In other
words, it asserts tlmt there was no morcliostili
ty to the Union jn Mississippi, Ulan, there is in
JVissoiri, and tJuil there was, and is, none in ei
ther. L' Alie Times is disposed to experiment
on this subject, we suggest, that it start a-rtemo-
cratic candidate for Governor at the next Au-
7- c u,m uieuoc-
tnne ot eoesslo'. ' Perhaps our neighbor him-
cvii iuiiiiil uu iiiuuuiu u. ucuoilie ine plinmnwm
before the people, of tlie sentiments of his friend!
Davis, If so, he will find tike "mad
secession and disnninn" dinncV into histars-of-tcr
a fashion that will somewhat offect his hear
ing, we think. Bin a DAvi.ts a sound demo
cratic statesman," find il one of the leading or
gans of the democracy in this State, fully endor
ses him, wc suppose that the Times Would have
it inferred that the Democrats of Missouri, arc of
the Davis and Quitman school.' What has the
Democracy to say to this? Do the Ilamibai
I ovrxtr, the Glasgow Banner, the Lexingloti
Chrmich, and other democratic papers, unite
with the jpwiea in shedding tear over the de
feat of the rankest seeetsioifst in Mississippi
Speak out, gentlemen, and give us your opinion
of J efferson Davis, as ,"a sound democratic states
man.' The public will be curious to know to
what extent your tender sympathies are wrought
ponr by the defeat of this "sound deraocratio
2J"Now tliat our farmer aye about closing
tip their present year's labor., and counting
their lossand gains, some estimate may be
' j .7 "j mis secuon oi Missouri.
1. Hemp, Taking the average for the last
eight years, this year' crop is a full one; but
comparing , it with the crop of 1849 and 1850
it is about tWo ihirdt. We believe this is not'
tar irom the 'facts in the' case. Oi course it
depends somewhat upon the sort of weather
there will be for Creaking. -
2. Corn. The crop in upper Missouri, north
and south of tlie Missouri 4ivcr-, will m.t av
erage a half erop compared with 185Q. In
tlay, 1 latte, Rav, and a few nth
ties, it will go over half, but including the prai-
Tlie erop is an nvpra mm
vyc presume will almost whol ly. con
Mat home. Il will i . n r .
f..,.ttl,c i. .. " '"lu" cvenis, ni-
n" i .' marKcl or,e wuy the olh
nl a v superior quality, a
hence doc. not "have, fai.r'vlvance' with tl,
.uw.iniiowaanu Ulinoi.;-vIich findt
ket in St. Louis. ,
4. Oats. Vrhe crop was a good one; but is
whol y consumed at, homo and ut fort Leaven
5. Hogs. They are tcarce. and generally of
small wze-imt more than enough if enough
f. home consumption. The asking price is 4.
oflc ed to pay $3 c?.sh for several hundred thou-
Th?4 T , I "r,boutllt a I)ound at that price.
young shoate ar. bled freely d oonsequence of
ted CUUSe mU-' (lisL'ase mBy bo attribu
te .... i
.,hI; . J V .... ...w ....ni, y ir
vr. vU1, .vny qllanUly , the cmm(ry from
s i 1 ur V?r olu' ' T1,c sll1t'k "? work
lattle is large. oZl young mules.
lho ptl( orop was a failuro in map-
ties; i-, others, Went v..' Annlna i Ws
did not bear tlreir usual .'-
. I I " T ... - - w.
both sweet and Irish. Street, North
an cabbage, rather:
chickens and turV-W. Mo.
mand. Libcr:1. Watch material., Clock.
Xl"hroy- , 1
ted to state' ALTON & CO.. Whole-
Whercab. ' In,P5rter of Drum. Mediel.-..'
-A,.t, ke.we.n M Uf, Chet No- 0
oe f"'10' . - o
"dy-Mad. opril T' , ,
tnd 87u, FonLf fa'
' ,ttKw-'ir" -