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JOUR N A I, AN D UNION.
ofricitoi in n n.rr, hitw.cn nasf a so hair.
TMW OF THE JOURNAL, AND UNION.
113 ADTAIJCH, . , . e. . i CO
If list paid with In 6 Heaths, $1 50
If not f aid withla 1 ConUis, $2 CO
liATLS OF ADVERTISING.
T5i fu!!nvt In? are rfce ra,c,.sf .Auvtitising in Uj
AtvTinto. On tenure, of 12 Jtnn or le, on!
mvtuon. tie tiuiur j ewn auovqiienl insertion 23
eH. Cards no exc-Jinj ik lines, per year, $5.
Oneq'iiire pwsrjV-ittioiit alteration, HO; on ToiHlb
ol rofiiir.ii, haif a column, whole rol-
All notire, f-xeept nwiisgpt and dea!b, i!t b
fl!?f 85 ?d'ertie.T-'!;t3.
Agents for the Journal ami Union.
, H. 8. Wiipht, Philadelphia.
' W. K. Sloiwi, Mcir.phit, Scotlaii.l C., Mo.
R. 11. BurUaa o. John A.Qiarie,ci Florida.
Thooias K. Thompson, ol Palmyra.
, Wtu.O. Yoiu tr,ol .Nrw London.
. J. L. Canteibury. of Mexico.
f.fr,, Vouch, of Clinton.
1 Wbu t'. Fran end M. D Elaker, ef Paris.
if. ,-E nr !fr;i .
Andrew Dulan, Bowlinjf Green. '
iMjifn 1 itrr, rti.Iitiflphia.
If (h llSt. ' ;
. H sboiH r.mc.l jrcsitleinen A authorised lo givt
receipts lor money tm ?uj umce.
Louis F. PaysonNo. 127, N. FourUi st.,
,t. JL'.uis, Ma., w our authonzed Agent to cb-'
tain Advertisements and Subscriptions, collect
s a caminlatc for Slwritf, at the castling election, td
m m . s m JSi
We are authorized to announce R. J. BRADLEY
a candidnfe for Sheriff cf Marion county at the ensuing
Aug'tit t'tclioif. tcplSttl
We are antli&riited to announce WJl. A. M.VDDOX,
CitiUUute fiy- iiheiitf of Marion county at the ensu
ins elect ion. td
Rcliciocs Notice. .t Tliankstrivini? Scr-
mm wiU be preached in the Second Presbyte-!
rinn Church of this eily, to-day, at 11 o'clock,
a.m. I he Kev. J am m Smith, D.D., of Illinois,
.will preach at , night also, on Friday, Saturday
-ntl batiuaUi. The public are invited to attend.
; Vi , MONEY riSONCTl 1
. 'All persons knowing themselves to be in
tituled lo thin office for subscription or other
-account, are requested to call and settle, or send
- the amount by mail at our risk. 4t
Our neighbor of the Courier co-operates with
'' ture, iSapa nesoiuuons, ana accuses us
Resolutions, una accuses us of
" 'jrtn th t5th Tlie Democratic organs have rut;g
J.)e ? ',n this cry of "Federalism" so
j,, lejioc on his e, ... ., - ,
-woll-beloved andy cc,tes a 'mre derision
- long in their soiied. ' "'
fi'to gaze. Ions if the C'.urier means by Fed-
v mmw or eacoji, of 6U w ; Uic
ICalUl-eS On ni . , ,
!.. -.. M.i'lmemi B are 88 mucn opposcai
as lie, was, WJ .... . . rr U,n.nl fmn a n nr. in tli immerlmt
f ? words "Bre to bis r.r. I the Times' heresy of
.'...life for me vWe are opivoscd to tfie exercise
,v wlien coiistrq. Government of any powers not
MiiUIa r.ilr.iv. . . . S
. Adiold mjUed th0 MWution, but it
. . to von alori-1 lhe government should be ad
" an army, aithout tho exercise of some power.'! youngi Governor of the territory, in the pres
U , Europe to tt is the experience of every one in' -,.. lhp ,(,.,;.. i1P!lr:r Ar vutf
Y.-.., ... ' . .
permitted -, , vi'i"v'""""
w ,.'u 1 I fa ir)'OI U'lth mnrtt ri i,r
cTantcd to Government. Ve arc sick of
with everis meaningless cry of Federalism.
; eree of jljcraiio parly are continually hasping
-U,r"fw ' RlgIlU Democracy" 1 "Fede-
' :yl. yovf whenever Uiey get into power they
glory necessary or agreeable to exercise fjilj as
ir -h& eiover as the Whigs. General Jackson's
- y w"tration came into power with "Slates'
v,?y ' and "Dcmoci-acy"6for their rallying,
wio cry, dim yet there has never been so ultra
vderal an administration since the foundation
r. .. . t the Goveniiuent." Tlu same may be said of
Ir. Polk' administration, though perhaps not
. ipiite to the same extent ; but no candid man
;will deny tliat he strained the power of .the
' .. f- - ., ... , ...... m.:
KJllU.tlV.U. U.IV1.IH.UU.. , . -
Vi . W entirely deny the right of a State to nul-
diiy a law of Congress because it may happen to
f , '.onsider it unconstitutional or oppressive, and
c' 1 v is all the same to us whether the doctrine is
serted ia the Kentucky Resolutions or tlic
Palmyra Resolutions if that be Federalism the
V -Courier can make the most of it. The Courier
'' may csk if there is no remedy against an op
yrewve law. We answer there is tlje appeal
f to tlai Courts, to the ballot box; to petition and
t v rcmonstranco, and if all these fail, there remains
the inalienable riglit of revolution. ; But to say
a Stale has the right to nullify any law that it
; inav liaiuien lo fancy is unconstitutional, is to
i uWerl J1 law. ' ;
. V . Vi'k k (lie Courier if the following extract
from the Kentucky Resolution of 1799, is Dem
ecralio doctr'ue ?
" Tlut the several Stale, who formed that in-
' slrutnent being sovereign and independent, have
tho unquestionable right to judge of the infrac
tion ) and, that aiiia.iiiuAtiuN by tuoeo ov-
efeignties, of all -unauthorized acts, done under
' color of tluit instruuicut, is the rightful remedy."
Tha Courier, in defending nullification, makes
breast wurk of the name of 1'hwnas Jefferson,
Rcvl fires from bolid thul.' Better let Thomas
'i'3:hm' n;uae alone. W ert he living he would
"not thunk lis friend for resuscitating those
,cjlu!iuuJ .-t a time when they may be used by
fanatics worth d S.jtitli, in their mud diuign. of
' coiivuhin? and crushing the Union.
' II. McV u in the full tidt of successful
" 'Vperatiou. Those who w.uit good c.l'thi:ig at
, j'Jw price, wi.'t W adveiUscmeut.
RTtt.C r ION-ANT Ot'llltk-AK I! Wjii, Ti cj
Ira ir.luwry rclUi.fii !tan for a sedition, tuibu-!
(inn. 'i.rir.. ike i;ir will never conio un
U.ty will b? gl citizen of ilie Unite" Stale
as oiiic of t!:S Jn-.lian un.icr oar protection.
A corrcoponilonl of tJie St. Jo!eph Gazette
myt that on Uic 8lli of September, "the emi
anmml onferonce of the Chur A of Jesus Christ
of Latter Day haints," asaembtci. The number
present was from three (o four thousand persons.
They were addrefsed by Hon. Perry E. Broch
chus, one of the Vnited States judges. ; He in
voked for the judiciary the confidence and sup
port oi llie community. "This invocation was
prompted by a conviction that the popular sen
timent was inimical to the establishment of a
tcrritorkl g-overnment, and the consequent ex
tension of the jurisdiction of the United States
Kovcrmneirt over this people, andfrnore especi-
, uic iii'iircut-iiMon mat iim geiirrai icnintr
of the inhabitants was particularly averse to the
judicial branch or the government, which was
principally composed cf eiSizm$ of iht Uniltd
Stattt, not mtntbtr of iht Mormon t"hvrth the
Governor of the territory, who is the head of the
Mormon Church, basing, on several occasions,
V.. 1 1 iL. .1
declared that he had governed this people for
years, and could aiu govern them, without
judges, and avowedtli.it the judgpa of the United
Slates Courts might reside in the territory, and
draw their salaries, but they should never try a
cause if he could prevent it that none Lilt
Mormons ought to have been appointed to any
olTic-e in the territory, and none others but damned
rascals would come? here."
Judge Brocchris denounced tlic cbtirge that he
had come to the territory solely for the purpose
of being returned to Congress as delegate, as
false and slanderous. He knew who was tha
.author of the report, and honed lh individual
was present. Ihc. person auilcd to by the
speaker, was a member of the Mormon church.
"Judge Brocchus then adverted in a mild and
dignified manner, to an unpatriotic and offensive
expression, which had fallen from the lips of
one of the Mormon preachers on the preceding
Sunday, during the nour set apart for public
worship, and in the presence of a Iarco conere-
, eation, to the effect tint the government of the
United SUtcs was a Rtinlt in ihc nostrils of Je-
! 'l01'' nd, y C Mormon.) wished it
jdowa; and further, that before they would use
any other mealis to S3ve it rrc!U destruction, than
Die means of theocracy, they "yould see it
damned first." He said the sentiment was the
more offensive, because uttered in the presence
of his honor, Judge Brandebury and himself,
who had visted the Bowery on that occasion
with respectful feelings, ana who, having been
invited to take a scat upon the stand, had, instead
of hearing a religious sermon, as they expected,
been insulted by a tirade of abuse against the
country wliich they loved, and the government
of which they were in part, the official repre
sentatives." "JuMgc B. next commentca
upon an expression used by an elder iu the
Mormon church, with whom ho laid traveled
from Iowa to this city, in the following words :
'The government of the United States is going to
hell as fast as it can; and the sooner t!je bitter.'
lo tnc recital ol tins declaration there "came up
into the lace ot the speaker an enthusiastic burst
of applause, clapping of hands, and of laughter,
rrltm m.,.,.- F tlu. nibllKnKK. WMl.ni
together with a loud
Having administered a manly rebuke to this
manifestation of applause of such an infamous
sj expression, Judge Brocchus'procceded to notice
- L Bnnr;i;.;ml- .winr.-..ioi. W Ttriclmm
concourse ot persons, upon the late anniversary
of the Mormons in that valley.
The expression referred to was:' " Zacharv
Tayfor is dead and in Hell, and I am glad of it ;
and i prophecy, in the name of Jesus Christ, by
the power of the priesthood tfiat upon me, that
any President of the United States, who shall
lift his finger against this people, shall die an
untimely death, undgo to hell." This declara
tion had been reoeived with a tremendous out
burst of enthusiastic applause. .Judge B., after
appropriately refer-ing to tlie"eharaeter and ser
vices ot General Taylor, administered a severe
rebuke to rtLe author of the insult and outrage
upon his memory.
"The excitement resulting from the Judge's
speech lm been dep and intense, gnd fears have
been entertained for his personal safety."
Brigham Young replied to JudgoBrocchus,
in a madly furious harangue, lathing the people
into a state of excitement beyond the poMer of
any pen to picture. ,
Governor Young and Heber C. Kimball are
said to have each as many as ninety wives
"All the United States officers who do not
belong to the Mormon church have resolv ed to
leave the territory," being unable to reconcile it
to their sense of patriotism and Belf-respcct to
- : l ... ..p .i. i i i
iciiiuiu in mo iiiiukv oi uitj Reunion anu lawless
vice that pervades this community. In view of
their departure, the people have become irreatlv
aLrmed fearmgolhe adoption of some severe
measures by the ueneral Government.
The, Gazette's correspondent concludes bv
saying "that these people have no idea of ever
yielding a. loyal obedience to the laws or juris
diction of the General Government, and that
they must either be sternly forced into submis
sion to the law. of decency and justice, or else
abandoned to their vile and seditious practices
Kossuth's Sjeech. Our apdogy for oceu
pyinso much Space with Kossuth's speech this
week, is that it gives a history or the causes
which produced the Hungarian Revolution
23 see Dr. Oliphant's card.
See Smith. &. Dica's advertisumeut of groce
-, O .
. If the editor of theCuuricr wdl look at Henry
Clay's peeeh again, he will find that it does
pot relieve the Kentucky Resolutions from the
charge of uuUijicaiiun, though il does say they
have bccii wiuiigly coiivUucd to susuiiu if.caio;i.
JOUKNAL, AND UNION HANNIBAL, MO, NOVEMBER 27,
wy through your pspe'". l!!at I
snouia ue nsgiuy grali'iO'I it those thieves who
t , . . . .... . .. . -
liractics of ' rtralinsr the Courier and
Journ-J from the door of the 'T,.igle Mills Flour
Depot" would oe.-.s such ttelty larceny they
are woleume to read them, advertisements and
aUjr.sl tton I !cal, lake and tarry avny.
That's right, friend Jaiilsos no danger of
offending a cummer, for a man who prefers
stealing a newspaper to paying for it, will never
buy fjyur if he can steal it. Scarcely a week
pauses but our "carrier"' gets a '-blowing up"
from some of the subscribers, when lie is confi
dent, and recollects distinctly, that he left the
paper at their duors
We have been told of
ctciui iiktiuuees oi persons ueing seen w.'iking
ott very early in tLe morning m po.sc.uon of
somebofly else's projicrty.
Coax Shtlleijs ass Sewimo Machines.
The Corn Sheljer luis been much improved, and
is kept constantly on hand at the Foundry, by
IIamill & McCartt. At the same place may
be found the "sewing machine," the right foP
t),is county is owned by Hie same firm.
The Kats JvtAR5iT last week made the best
trip 8iat has been made lh) year. On Sunday,
she came up with two hundred passengers aud
loaded with freight 1 5' her utmost capacity.
Such figures are the right sort to cypher up the
amount of popularity attaching to a boat. Capt.
Burs and Mr. J. B. Bbent, the lalentgd first
clerk have the esteem and confidence of the
traveling and business community.
The Courier i
says we commended ihc Whigs
. . . , . . , . ,, . as lie was gome nonie about li o clock last
oTi New ork for no sustaining the Comprnisc.,S!. , . . .ln,,, ,,,,n ,.. ,nn(W,rilfl
What a memory the editor has ! We never di 1
llr1l n llilitfT !
but he commended the Vtmocrai,
of New York for not sustaining the compromise:
. - . . . ..If-...'.".. n .
Come neiebbor, no nfo're of this shuffling your
oVfn sins on to our shoulders
23 Show 'us the man who uses better To.
bacco, or smokes better Cigars th&n are to be
found at Garth's old established Tobacco and
and we will show vnii a wonder !
The proprietor has been liberally patronised
he deserves it, and will-continue to do so. .Sec
and wni-continue to do so. .Sec!"", ""--- 1 - '"""'"""'.'iv.-.'im'nriK 1 n...-i... 1 ,,11 4i...;,!Ul
"Lost $5 Reward." Sec advertisement.
We have received the November number of
the I.Wern Journal end Civilian. .'This work
enjoys a high reputation ; its subscription is
increasing, and jio efforts are spared lo place it
in the front rank of literary periodicals.
Wuio State Coxventios. This St. Louis
Republican suggests that the Whig State Con
vention meet at Boonville on the second Monday
. . .. . , ,
there is an election on the first Monday of Ap'rjl,
and the citizens of St. Louis will be anxious to
be at home before "and at tluit time. Boonville
Is a good point, because it is central, and there
cart be no objection to the thne.
St. Louis Makktt t&tfurday Evening.
Nov. 22. Tobacco. One hhd. of the new crop
brohght $4 20 on Wednesday.- The Quality was
of an ordinary description. Hemp ranges from
$75 to $83 per ton. Flour superfine country
iiispectud $3 40 a $3 45; extra country $3 75.
Wheat 55 to 70c, exclusive of packages.
Hay 55c. Bacon Prime Shoulders 8 l-2c.,
Hams 9 1-2 to 10e., Sides, 9 a 10c. 'Mojasses,
30c. Coffee Rio, 9e. Salt Regular sales of
Kanawha at 30c:
$1 40 a $1 45.
T. I. dull at GO a 70c; G.A.
Extravagant C'iiv Government. The
Grand Jury of San Francisco county, at a hit
term of the Court of Sessions, made the follow -
in..r nnlWornhlp Pvlnl.lt nf th ; i-.l ,l..;t
n ...... ... .,uwU, n.i.itra
port: " J j "The latest news received from the city of Kf" ,n 1 wl,cn tllC whule oly acted
In examining the affairs of the city, the Grand Mexico is, that Gen. Uraga has been named , TIn mLlwr. -. f. . .t 1 . i-Jury-
is filled with amaement at the shameful j com.naj.der-in-chief of an army of five thousand ! PV of '"Z,, nlUh Z ,h , V1?!
squandering of its resources. At least one-half ! men, which the Government of Mexico is about ; X. ".J.-C ?,rcat dc,n of h,
of the land upon which our city is built was j to despatch for the purpose of quelling the re
formerly its unencumbered .property. I fias 1 Volution which has been set on foot in the State
1 , 1 1 .l . .. i f T 1!. 11 . ...
now passeu out ot our minds, and also the rev-
enue arising' from the s Je of it. Who were
the parties that made -vox with the properly
1.1 .1 . ' '
mm uie money 01 uie c .ty, we are unable to as-
certain ior can we discover to what use and
purposes this money has been appropriated.
The property disposed of," it is fair to estimate,
Was worth from $3,000,000 to 4 .000.000.
Tl... - . .l..l.i ,.i! . r. ;.. . . 1 .' i . .. .
i uc pmnn ucui oi uie city is csmnuieu at 1,J
500,000. For some purpose, and for somel"0 another Cuban execution, en' enmasse. Col.Ui1( ' b V l,r"10UM 'e reparation
cause or oilier, fliere lias been expended for the
.!i ..I.. i.S Aia a.ui .1 1
euy neany jpj,uw,uw since llie eslablishmeul
of American authority within its limits. The
city of Sacramento did not own a foot of land
within its limits.at the time it.was founded, nor
has it since, but what is secured by gift or pur
chase. The debt of that, city is only A375.000.
Neither had the city of Benicia any landed pro-1
jiunjr mien it u lam oui, una me scrip 01
that city brings 85 cents 011 the dollar and the
scrip of San Francisco not over 40 ecnls. The
debt of the city of Sacramentd has been chiefly
created by the construction of a levee, seven
iniles in length, and the squatter troubles; while
San Francisco has comparatively nothing to
show for what uses her revenues were applied,
but the grading and planking of our streets, and
for this purpose the people paid from their own
pockets two-thirds of the whole amount of the
Usetijl to Farmers. '-The Soil ot the South"
furnishes the following rules, which will occa
sionally bqjusef ui to every farmer:
TO MEASURE LAND,
16 and a half feet is a pole rod or perch.
A rope 33 feet lunar i two Doles, am! 4 ..,?t..
is a chuiu; 6(J feet is a chain also.
Rule Multiply the lenirth bv the breadth ;
oliains, and poiitt offone firgue to the riglit of the
product wliich will be tenth's of an acre; those to
the left of tho point will be acres
Ex ample- A field 12 chains one way, tud
10 tho other way, contains 12aMesl
12,0-12 acres '",
Or you may multiply tho number .f iJ,.
each way louc-ther, and divide bv 1G0 1 fill n,,lo
botngjB q uure cre, (
There is a fearful o;;i;tion and excitement
raging in Santa Fe, which seems to be gather
ing strength. It is the violent and Moody ani
mosity prowiiiff up between the Americans end
Mexicans. The bitter seem determine, tomur
ider, while the former are resolute in seeking
juotieo reiwrdle of its cost. The murder of
Btn tnett and Vkinner is still exciting the public
mmd. The safety of the Americans is involved
in great hazard and danger, and should they un
dertake to punifh the offenders, itr results
would be disastrous to the American interest
throughout New Mexico. The final issue of
their examinations will be indcative of the
spirit and feeing of Mexican lrilmn:i., and if
the murderers ot Mr. skinner and llurtnett
not brought to punishment it wHl be produc-,"
inc oi miai rencoiiircs in me liiiure. nt:;
rnc.P.,Vu? l,nv l,.,tv Wn ! 'in.Jehurch sprung up previously to i y
i frenerul lei'limr is f ith I ip Amrru-nus. nml rill!) -
i . - i- .1 ., ii
t'7 - - ,- ' I. .,
to acconipusn tiieir revenge upon tnc cowanuy
perpetrators oyne crime.. St. Lotus urgan.
Nothing New U5DEB the Sc.i. Even the
v-ii i: i.:... i .... i .... r .... ? ... i
M asllttC J 1 1 I 1 1 rt I slll I ) I H'f II I (111 I 111 111 I JiZ 1 . u
4 f 1..
thing new. An English paper, speaking of the
Boston ship Staffordshire, remarks:
It is a singular coincidence, that the proportion
of the Slafl'ordshire are similar t- Noah's ark
six times her beanfls her length, and two thirds
of the beam is her depth of hold.
! i o c
A Viixaii. NoxwWn. Our frieuUIarry0
...v ....... V, I.,.,,. ...... o...,.., .w
preserves his equanimity on all ocasions, if ever a
man lived who did'nt fear the devil, he is the
chap. Nevertheless, as he resides away down
' in-Texas" where the streets are dark and where
1,1 re than one peacable citizen has often ocen"
' bnfirL'Orl n,i H hir nna T ahim. . ...I ha I I. a
urecatition one day last weeli to procure a six!
barrelled revolv er, which be has since carried I
.1 (k I I.V111 UJ HIHIIK OllVfcj IIW. 111
in Uie outride pocket or his overcoat.
.1 ' . ........
... . ...
' witu his'haiids in his overcoarpockets, and smok-
, ing a Inure 'Vezalia, suddenly, in the neVliborhood
; ul cutter sirecinc was coin rented oy a power
J " "Mfwlio expressed an anxio.ui tks.re toas-
certain the time o'liidit. It was da
i Harry looked him full in the face.
I& U3 in,
'Bo so kind as to tell tue tho. time." said the
stran.rrr in tl... lil:.7wl..si mnm.nr .
rwt.,;.,K. Trr.- ,,,.,1 1.' -
, cold lever with Ins ritrht lnnul :it lu .nn limS lm
1 . . .- n . . ' V - -
'drew out the revolver with his left.
drevv out the rcvo vrr vdh h.s le U ; there,"
.ma iiuiiuing inu luuz.e 01 iiiu w eajion ciosci
down to the crystal, while he made his cigar j
glow till il lighted up the group most pictures-'
Uarrvnu feda cloud of smoke frnm , monil,
nrwl !.. ... II ni,..r, ..l.l . t
,. !. .vuj, i.v'uiRiv was 10 Lie
baf. .....1 .!.:... n. .1 p 1 .
-'Ui iniviui4 Hi-urn -ve uie sounu oi uooi
heels rapidly striking the pavement in the dis
tance. The liijrhwnyman was nonplussed, and
Hurry wcr.t smoking homevyard. Cih. Non.
Col. Bestox. was, it will be seen, by our
telegraphic dispatches, at -Cape Girardeau yes
terday. Hp will reach this city to-day. St.
tertiay. lip will
Louis Rep. 2 1th.
Froui the New Orleans gicayunc, of the 12th.
Later frohi Texas.
By the arrival yesterday of the
ijouisiana, isapiain i- orbes, we have
papers from Galveston to the 7th inst., and from
San Antonio to the 30th ult. There is no news
of great importance in our Texas papers.
'I'l. ivt ' t' n , '., 1
t ,,i,. r n- , -, , ,
of ?bf, l 1 , 1Vram!c,f lllat T
oi the men stationed-at iiinreold IWracks had
deserted to join Carvaial". forces.. Out
hundred, not more than" a dozen remained.
l,'ltb rll,la,SSS11,i,l':V WaS l)l!1-Ff rated
KiZ t 1 ' i l.l"-"
Stephen Townsend, an o)d c. izen ol I ayUtte
county by . man named aughn. Ihe cause
ot the murder appears not to be known, and the
ST, uav is that Vaughn was
i eanoli iu. T ' 1 bH,-1 's,y "- ie
ffrl a IT lL';k,U' "S1 !rUst "li0 .hc
tfr S J' S "m,1,,Br
eTU.l tU lhe , $'
n ' illlllicu Ull 'IN lorsp nm rra ilnr iMl ;il lit
j fI,ced, and has not yet been heard from.
Townsend lenv.. n wlfo n.l ..hlhlro,. t
. . . w,v.. "-"',
1,1 Aamauupas. uen. uraga is one ol the best
officer, in the Mexican army. It was him who
j suppressed the last revolution of Parades, and
1. ...1.1 1-1 ...11 ...
noteu guerruia ciuel, radre Jaraula, shot
For a month or two the revolutionists may have '
it all their own war, when I exnnct the tables i
will be turned, and those very Mexican leaders, !
" "aciuiuu mem. 1 muen i ear ine nnaie win
will sacrifice them. I much fear the finale will
.wiu n.tM-in v iieu loreigners to their afsistance.
i.i.uuuc-1 nuoias uas again assumed tnc ar .De
partment. t i n..i.!. i . ., ..T ...
Daniel Weu&ter. Thi
... . , ,i
city in I ebruary next. His gruat abilities, Irs
large siatesnianship, hi eminent services, will
command for him, under any circumstances, a
handsome populur reception. His splendid pa
triotism, clear iu its im-al. puroose, in the re
cent compromise struggle, and in his manly vin
dication of the Fugitive Slave Law and the
honorable obligations of the North to the South,
will muke the reception an irrepressible out
burst of popular enthusiasm. Daniel Wchstpr
is unquestionably the colossus of the North, one
of the historic monuments of our country, which
shall witness our times and our land to the fu
ture. He has written his name broad and ileep
upon the Constitution, and vindicated the Union,
lie has latterly'' rcdcctiicct himaelf from section
alism, sacrificed his sectional power, and made
himself ntrtionul. lie should be fitly honored
hcuuied ihe more that he
is no parasite, no syc-
vi.u..., i.i. ...i,iii Btmcsiiian, anu now an
American statesman all ovor. N. O. Crescent
We are told, for3 do not often talk with
Benton men on politics, and there are some that
we would not talk with if e did, that.some f
the Benton men say that the wnul.l v .......
mtli.int lut in, A,...innn i '
tor resolutions to-the effect that the Legislature
uas mo r,g,u xo instruct a Senator in Consrrc.
and that it is his duty to obey or resign. What
do our friends of th'e Times, Chronicle, Cour
ier, Reporter, nd others of the "anti-Beiiton
stripe" say to this?. Are they or either of them
prepared to go into convention and act with men
who wi'lnot distinctly' recognize thin rikhi?
statesmHii, we understand reliably, will v sit our! ' nrVl nf ' il ' , . claMnanl 't-re not !
:i :.. i-ii . t.. J .."deprived ol their ridi In :.. . , i
nethodist Book Concern Case. 0
The following is an abstract of the decision in'
the Methodist Book Concern Case :
The Judtfe reviewed the various points of the
cas deferred to th fact that tl.o Methodist
church was organized in the United States in
17r'4, under the superintendence and sovereign
ty of the traveling preachers, who, in general
conference, were the whole power of the church,
the lay members then and now having no voice
in church government. g
Before this the Methodist church wfcs con
ducted by John Wesley and his agents, and the
,.i,, u- m.i-ln bv his assent and wish. The
church wa never incorporated, but held together
I ' j i . l, .Miriu'm uriiited rules
Tll. tft itT. say that the diderenccs .between
, " , I
branches of the
. " io . .
llie noriurrn omi oimnnin
I owners i n of slaves. 1 his ureacn inreaiuiicu
I ownerslnn ot slaves
. " . i r .( of thfc church
. . ,g44' nctilfr or not there should
'be a separation, i.nd resolutions wre passed by
In laree tnaiorifv of the conference of that J'ar,
- 1, ,.1 .1 ; ,r i , f i !Mr t int KllOU (1 1 IIP a n-
i f- . r . ... .1. 1 11.1 I
, ronfrr . :.. tiIC .laveholdine states con
sider it lest to separate, they might do so,
All trie Southern annual conferences were m
that event to be ortranized in a separate church
to be called "the Meinodist Church South." It I
was a'so decided that traveling ministers might !
attach themselves to either the ISorthern or j
Southern chureii. , .
ab'wV: mte-wrmhv ,
this power, and this was confirmed in 1815 hy gre jn the movement; but, as yet, I learn noth--a
council of the Northern Kishnps. I -m j,0silivc on the subject, and I would not veil--
The church, tlie plaintiffs then say, became :Ulrei therefore, to charge them with co-operation:
divided into two distinct bodies, Js'orthern and j,. .i. ,.i)0VC scheme.
Southern, and that the South was entUied to it.
share of the property belonging to the body.
l"e church owned a large amount ol property,
?.reo.n? 'M!i was the New ork Methodist
I i v.nn... tL 'ill iuhi tiu inn nrrnni a i
" ,. ' 1 Miiu.pi., , - i
r.F line nntinnrn r. K 1 ; K 1 IP nr HIP I 1 ut! . TP t llmPfl .
.. v... r j ,
; to allow any division? . .
j The .plaintlirs further say that a part of them i
nru lra4t,""S miniMers, anu uiai mey mm i,.jyy
other trevelinifministers have an interest in this
itll-i tllUl UIC ClltUCll Hal (lUUUl -JJ ,JJ J iittif
1 i a 4.1 1 .... 1. u . - u -.. Aim nw.
hers South, and that there uTe about (539.000
Nurth. . .
the detendants (Messrs. l'eck. Hmg. and
oi'll'r' a-rcllts of the Book Concern) acknowl-
lodged the adoption of the resolutions, but slate
that they were intend,
I , . , uu. iii-i a ouu utucaaiuiiisu i- X110UKHI 110 mOSt
ed to mee a contingency ! rl.u, combimi,ion t) the political cl.ess
andtuatthe dan ol s. 1)0;ml I(s , f the, slavery
n-,usc unconstitutional, ai4 ,,:,, . ..'?
I w hieh never occurred
' mi 11 r ... 1
j " -
r. .. " v.--. . -
P' 'nes. as owners of the Book Concer,,.
l hc' acknowledge that the Book concern was
established by. traveling prc-ichers, a-ad that it
15 10 uu appueu 10 uie rcliel ot tiieir orphans
and also to the relief nf siinerflnnnntprl nreni'lipra I
, 1 , i
1 hi PDIirt cl;ilpll tli.it thp trnnlinT nra,,.lin I
! claim their share of the fund n-jw, as before the California. We have not been fortunate
(separation. The establishment has produced l0"1,1? reccive ofthe gold from Califor-
large profits, had been conducted with grc.d .nm' und."1 fact;,v "-v ry ffW I0?1 ivi0
judgment, but owed its prosperity mainly to j ,iavf" , .W,e. seethc. arnval of large sums re
! the efforts of the traveling preachers. xhe j wdc-d m the papers, we see the name of its
'fund was originally intended for their benefit. i conslSners dul' reported, and we hear of iin-
i and if attempted to be changed, it was the prov-
ince of this court to prevent it.
I The Couri also considered iiiul liie Trustees
i of the Book Concern stood in the liirht of the
Beneficiaries of the Charitable Fund, which had
lw.pn pi,.1,.,....,i K.. ihi,.i .t;., a ,,;.
been endowed bv third
uie uecision ol the ornrin.il lounders. the nro-
. i . ,r . . 1 . . . I
r.(1,i ,i ,.,fitj i,.,.i ,, ,,, ..
and if Ihev came within the regulations they
ui... ii i.u. uiiu .ii.i u iiiu.i liac,
ut.1 uim iu men iiau
were still entitled to such proceeds and profits".
The Court desired to administer the law
: uLiiaii ui itiu claimants, uicir case exeiiiii'r pe-1
' nllliar e mpathy. The plan of. separation 1 in
i i i ...i ,i '..i n i...1 , .
.li.irii,,,,:,,,, nl ,l...t .1 i.i i....... .!,..;:
- w , w, i mil. iiiiTit siiuuiu uc a hiiu
1 - . . - - .1
. . v ....uti, uiiu ll. OllLTItlL. llllll. 111V.11
pooJ ,tnJ wJIounleA
snare. It bore the imnress ot irood win and
so lar as the
Court knew, on strictly equitable prineiplcs.
It was ied b u J0 , to'-ini body
j where tll;;n 4000 1)rcacla.rs . " re .
, sen,ed . 1
As to the powers of the General Conference
! the court considered that they were as they
re originally, andthat they we're not affected by
!'' lflegute-d to representative principle, be
; ing a necessary incident to the irrowth of the
'""I country. They originally had the power tor . h with all the forms of law be
JNlr.' i.. . .. . v . . ' .. .. 1 , ; comiinr th, ; ..,i ..i . . . . .
" .... .
I , "'"'-' "ipuu.at.ous us UK'V
j jui.iscu. a ne coiuerence had the same power
l eased. wnn pni, .,I il.n K.no
1 Tl f 1 .
Master in whose service they were ' engaged,
the object being tho spread of the Gospel.' The
court also thought that the idea that the Church I
l,..,i .llt i:m:,,i , ., ,
' t', ,3""lb?d wa
nally a part of the American Methodist Church,
but in 1828 was allowed to separate. The Tex
as conference was also brought. into the Ameri
can Church, and in both cases by the aat of the
ti... r i . . i ......
iiw waauu voilierpnpo wim
. ,7' f0"' "nit the claimants had
tl... ! ii , .
,,,..1-.. .1- ... .... .. '"""" 'O:
not having forfeited it; it was not
. .... . T ouuic in uie iiinti.!
if l.ii.r il. A
them ' Conference to lake it from
The Court so .onrlud,d, but whether prorata
Ju.lieZm1'011 10 Cai'"'Ul h left fr fu'ure ad"
eulfI'U,,?T.rt alS Carilest,y I'op'eJ that the diffi'
cultv might now lje amicably setttled U' the
parties interested. If the coynelsions aVriv ed
at shouh restor, harmony in the Church J
won h, not regret the labor which had been ex
pended upon tlje case.
Correspondence of lhe N. Y. Herald
O. Buthr in the lull. J y '
riS'S"1118 7hoIe.lll'y overflowing with
Umon triumphs, a silent, cautious, yet bold game
Roing on for tho Presidency.' W oX
T ' MTjmJm Duie. J'" Van l urcn
I homa. II.-; Ikuilon, Francis P. filuir D ivhS
ilmot and Preston Kin, have r.ut their V
together to hit
ration of ih. vr r.i;r r.mu 10 euu.c a wsto-
ous conference, they agreed to i
WoodUiry, who havbe l nt Z Mr'
an Bnr6n' Cabinet, was thoutrht ,L n , '
to conform their view, e m7KW if 'ly
-cured Val,uable mJ'J& lZVu
. . iiuoi ;i iinii
Grand Jury in lUton, New ort
' ud that the Furtive Si r
Law must bo executed "till tha law is re
pealed," hoping by that means to satisfy the
South, without offending the free soil wing of
the Democracy. -
The death of Mr. Woodbury left the gentle
men above named in a dilemma. They had to
select between two candidates, deeming all
others out of the question. And upon compar
ing notes, and after a long correspondence with
their friends in different sections of the country
they at last concluded to transfer thkir affection
to William O. Butler, of Kentucky, who, like
(jicncral Taylor, was to be a southern man with
Northern principles. William O. Butlerthcre-'
fore, is to be brought for w ird as the Harnburn
er candidate; his Southern position being suffi
cient to make him, nomine, satisfactory to the
Union men in both sections of the country.
The plan is not to drop Cass quietly, but to beat
him by his own lieutenant, to make his mortifi
cation mora profound and painful. The nomi
nation of any other candidate, it is thought, will
ho ,in imlilc'cl Cass triumph; but to Wnhorse the"
jl,,a(U.ri J take the second in command, will
mnL0 J,i full complete. &
Of course all the friends of General Cass are
to be proscribed, and Col. Iknlon himself will,
as Secretary of State, be entrusted with the for
mation of General Butler' cabinet. The New
England Slates'-' arc now being canvassed for
General Bniler, and the various nominations
there made arc
only intended to conceal the'
hands oi the actors.
r laVo taken some pains-to ascertain whether'
j j . 8 GU-iw, 8R:l sicntvtorCJiase.
Genera! Buller lias 'always been a favorilc'
with the Biirnburncrs, who declared, in 1S48,
thai, had Butler been nominated for the Presi-
jdency, they might have supjiorted linn, to a man.
llepend on it, JVm. U. JSutler will be a strung
- .1 , .. 1 T "
-w -. in . ....
; man in convention, anu llie iNCw Jiiiiarland ree
koilers will lead off for l.tm. r.,1. -7.
nt this lime as dan,,urolls a lan ns hc wa, '
uunaii., aim us liuni-jiiu in ins comuinutions a.
ever. You remember how near hQ,carnc ruline
and ruining Polk. . CYCLOPS., "
P. S.i You will find that the ultra South,
with Jeff. D.ivis at their head, will be as active
supporters of Gen. W. O. Butler as Col, Benton
and Francis P. Blair. The union of the Barn
c . 1 - -i.i :.. l . i ?
burners and Secessionists 15 thought the most
Col. Bentoiva second chance
''l'-"' omnibus. (j,
Wonder if Gen. Fh vnklin Pea actvof New
Hampshire, would not lie quite as acceptable to
Col. Ikx rox and those who "act wiih him, as
Gen. Bvtleh? Rep.
mense receipts at the mint. It is all correct, no
doulH, but we have seldom been happy enough
H IIM-I-I I MIT V MHIIf I'M II tt...
J - - 1 - I Ux.Ul
ing "the dust." Meantime in lieu
of a better '
ulmlJ"'c ,v..e. "ave received a communication-
II rom an intelligent mid veracious friend in Sa
f r:incistn. winch cri-oc ..!.
. , . - - miai uuie
i'ia ol lile in those rerrions, to tho current
.' xT i '.1 l- i
. ... .. '
,'"" .-"olsiaanfr" c tremendous influx
01 .e,n'?", lr?m a11 "a.l,.0,.'s' he represents tho
price ot labor almost as high as ever. A laborer-
can earn six do liars a dnv- ..;...
, . - j ...
e"' kc, are paid' ten- dollars,",
while board aud lodznm-for mprrim. nf fi-
, i . .. - . . - '
uescnp'.ion, can be nrocured for eiirht lol-
t T F "
liirvl n WOOL'
lars a week.
. In consequence of lanresnecnhitivn mnsiim.
meuts of clothing which have to be sold at auc
tion for what they will bring, wearing apjiarcl
may be bought ehwij.er than in the U. States.
vLife," says our friend, " is thought very little.
"A few dwys after I arrived here, a man was
caught steahng tin iron safe at nine o'clock in the
evening, -was taken 'o a private house where his
captors, forming themselves into a criminal
, 1. . ' ' "Im 10 uc
"""n " " piaza !
at fwon'. lnpl- ;., n,A
- fr .,,u1B,j.,,al( ueing allowed one
hour to make his peace, and quite long enough
not. 0I1ly , the judgment of the people, but that
ot Uie criminal Imiiself. Being asked if he
lllur lip c,., :J 1
,-, lor an) thl,,P' ,lc 'cHed for a glass of
,-i y , Waler' dra"k U smoked a cigar
,W ' , !,"'aItl"g to the gallows, up which he was
uuim u. uy a puny, without either party thinking
of uiil.vosing his .leckerohief or covering his face.
Having hung for five hours, the body was cut
down and buried, and the whole affair was as
much forgotten the next day,-as though it hadi ,
,,,,AhUV,0",h!' a Wol,la'1 libera
novelty there, now there nrp vt... yrinn :..
. u j, one vessel from Sidney bringinir over 283 1
V ' i ',vcn daily l'aPl'- Tlle'
-"lcl complaint in ( ia nln i... .
- i. . J M.u.milKCT. A lierO
t . -.u.n,uv uoarunur nniis,a
miry uoarumar nouse.
lo u Uio. want of a decent bed. The
up W ith "bunks," one above another as on ship. 1
JaTs the l ,,eVe,'Pla iWmM "e ana-
iats, tlie. latter about the size of rabbits, and so,
amihav hat they actually run over you ..yoj
lie in bed. but. mu,nl k... . J y
to tl.... .1 .,i '. i, pui u aeousio:
L 'ati 'e'rIf"l nocturnri freaks
i - i" wiit, 1 1 ii i . mil k r nininin..,
4o io,t" Med V'rgiaha.in operation.
" ? ' W ba.LU'' of coUo annually; i.iTen-
"iW in'sf n'r30 JiHtt0rie and 3fiJwO spin-
riel' jfirmn Um lht're nre f.
ries db 000 spindles, and 700 looms, con-.
K-W1" f CU0,; AlaUma h.T4
lactones Uoso ,plmueB allJ 3u0 loo
.m.i.g 0,500 bales of cotton. Thus in' ?our
tates alone, there are M factories, besidei
Jiom in process .f building, working 140,00a
p idles, consuming, probably, 75.000 bale, of
cotton annually, B1Mj if they go on Increasing for
lhe next five years as they have for the past
ton mills m operation in (he Southern State,
consuniing annually over 200,000 bale of col.
at SJ1,'"rk f,ftS ' b?e .iaUered
& W priJ iSK
."" but.the faW,',-
rw.. oi. Joseph Uazctto,