Newspaper Page Text
. . f
. ; "
.Si 7 . J
1 A A . i
i l i 1
JOURNAL AND I'lilli
- . JOL'K.V U. AM) tJMi'W,
.run eft .o ii i t.f. i irviia r.err Af km.
-.trm or thc cv: sj.. and union.
If not I all withia 5 n.r-tbjt,
If aolp&U w.tfila 12 Maai&s,
RATI".. Or AOVJTiTISINi?,
Tli Totlou i:( ire tti iae ! A Jriliiiiz ia Ibe
AnvmrniN-.j. O r 1 i lir.e -!, oe
.r.se.t.or.. on. 4oi... f anj nforra yof, thut unless you arc expert at
eentt. turfs not rcnili- l-ms, wr)r. $5.j
Ota,"r"','i'ho.:: lieiitri. io;o..e fourth! swimming, and have a gentle horse, you had
M a e Jumn, tli klf eoliii, a srho'.a eel best .lay at home. Good-speed, then, to all im-
AH rwrfiee., cpt loaning. and .!.., will be provement: but whether wc are to have our iiet
ehsrEeJ advtlri-mr.. work of plank roads stretching owny iu every
Asent for Xho Journal and Union. direction, immediately or not, we hope it wilt
c. 8. w.ipi.f, r.ira.!ri.i,u. ' -,
W. K. fcitorer, Mfinplr.,roljii 1 C , Mo.
Tt. H. f.ti'luunit sn4 Jolm A.tjuK'uix, ol FloriJs.
Tltotrss K. Ttiiuipon,ol Plmj it.
M'm.O. Youip.ot .w l-onitou.
J. U C:it!buiy, fif Mexico.
Mr. C.ovzh, of t'lii to i.
V.'. IVnasttii M. I. B!ky, of Paris.
W. B. kurr, ll.ii,:n.
Ai.ili'vr l)u!sn, Houiinf Hie).
Mon Yatr. I biUd. Ij-liia.
Postmasters are icqiirslrd lu a:low us 1o sJ.I l!ira.
to tl ImU. ..
Tlis b rt Mn.M rrn!(iM'n n authorised lo gir
rtceip'! toi DiotK, due lisi. U;lic,
6t. Louis Apent -
' Louis T. Fa?son, Nj. 127.N. Fourth st.".
tL I.iiii, Mj., is -our auiiitmzcd Agent to
tain AJvertiemcnts on! u'oc;;ptio:js, oj.'oc'.
AccoutUs, 6ic, -
; IT" r suiiioriird to announce U. F. JACKSON
as a cardidate for Sticrirf, al the entiling rlrction. U
Ue art autliorixed to .iiiiwmr. R. J. tlftADLKY
eanilidalt for Slier itf uf AU.ivu count at tlie aiuiiing
August flectiou. seplStd
We are auttifci izid Iosi.ii i..c V.M. A. MADDOX.
eaiHli-tate lor btwiitfot Alauou county at Iheeiuu
Irj election. tJ
- All persons knowing lhciiixelvct to be in
debted to tfiis office for subscription or other
account, are requested tocJl and settle, or send
the amount by rn.il at our risk. , ' 4t
r7fio pflooESEicn, cnrjsTnA3
Thc Sons of TcDiperance are respectfully in
vited lo unite u itli the mcmlw of Bard Tcm-
. pie of Honor, No. 4, in a public procession
from their Hall to the Riplist Church in this
city, where there will be a Tempcrence address
delivered by Rev, L. 13. Dennis, Christmas day,
Iui., at i o clock, 1. M. Everjbody
come, is the special invitation. .
. By order of JLrd Temple, ....
i Ms, ii. hall; W. R.
...H'J"i, Mo., Dec 11th, 151,
Wiat has become of our neighbor of the Cou
rier? Is he asleep, or, is he on a journey? We
heard that he had gone down to St. Louis to ut
lcnd a meeting of the Antics, in order to Uike
measures to patch up thc family quarrel and to
distribute the old clothes equitably among the
boys. Well! we suppose it is a funiily matter,
and none of our business. But if they under
take to patch up thc ancient duds, so as to be
decent, we advise cur neighbor to call to mind
what was said by them of old time: "No man
putteth a piece of new cloth unto nn old gar
ment for that which is put in to fill it up, tukcth
from tlie garment and tho rent is made worse.''
I It is we understand the intention of the Ladies
or the Second Presbjtcrian Church, to give a
Festival, and not a Fair, as has been anticipated,
this, there is every reisan to suppose, wi!l prove
much more ccceptable to persons generally.
SIR JOHN FRAUXLICT.
Sir John Pracklin is not the first British sd-
w Hit- w;ir:jtitr. . i wo
Iiuudred and ninety-eight veers r.ro, A. D. 1353.
on expedition was "fitted out, consisting of three
vessels, under the command of Sir Hugh Wil-
lougLoy, to attempt the discovery of a northeast
passage to India. Ti e fale of Sir Hugh and the
companies I two.of iho ves-U wns most disa.
rr.;. k Ilaviajrput i.t n jujn of Lapland to
winter, liiey were fouiil there the next Spring,
frozen lo death. The third vessel, commnnUed
by Richard Chancellor, was more fortunate.
. Anu Kichard having wintered at Archangel,
ope-ied nn intercourse wi.'h Russia, and reached
Lome in safety."
The Boston JaV.!ee.
The recent industrial par .do at Boston wa
not the first fele of skill mid art in thut uneienl
city. Quoth Peter Parley: Oi.e of tho first
and most curious societies ever formed in thir
country, was tho Boston Society for encoura
ging Industry and employing thu Poor. It wat
established about tfic year 1750, und though i:
continued but 0 few years, a lurgeanihandsom.
brick building was erected in Boston, in connec
tion with this Society, for (he linen manufac
ture, the expense of which war- paid by a tax
on currL'ges, und o'.hcr articles of luxury. Tim
Sociely held its first (.miivrrsery in 1753, whei
a public discourse wus de'ivered by Rev. Mr.
Coyx r. In the ufternooti, about 300 you'nj
female spinsters, decently dressed, upjieare
on the Common, al Iheir spinning wheels. Th.
wheel, were placed regulnrly iu three rows, o
one hundred filch, and a feuiale was seated u
each wheel. The weavers, clso, uf the citj
and i t vicinity, rppe;;rodon the Common, cienil
ly .Ires.eJ, in gurinents of "thair owivwet-vi t.
One of them, wilb hit Um, wr.s carried ou t
lioul.'t rs uf ihe people, mu-uti d i.y mu.,,.. th,
-v-- sc. t. ---'I ..trj '.irvtrw
r.u.'.e of th shuttle continuing along with the command of L;eut.D- Haven? and the generou
; rest, 'l b crowd that atten ledM wif. lWl!r 01 t!,e by Mr.Urinnell. for another
jnovd but l:-.tcre;ting spectacles ws immens..'
' f LAKK ROADS.
We fe rejoiced to hear lliat our eiliscii, and
that, of our sister county of Ralls, are agitating
the propriety of constructing a pWk-road from
Hannibal to New London: and also tliat the ini
tiatory steps are taking for establishing a shni
lar road to I ayson, Illinois. Let none suppose
ttut because we are to have a grand railway,
tliat there it no necessity for pUnk road. Any
cr.c xv ho his .L.en a ride intu (he eountry with
in a week past will scout su.h
not be long before some bf our lofty lime-stone
cliSs will be beaten down to pave our streets.
For now, when we arc blessed with snow or
rain, unless you have thc legs of an ostrich, look
sharp for being bogged, and without a pair of
hunting boots, wo betide your silken hose!
Deem us not too rapid! We heard a gentleman
predicting, the other clay, that in thirty years
from dale, the steam-car leaving the Hannibal
Depot, would otdy halt when it readied San
Francisco: that tbj'n 50,000 people would fill
Vtu dwellings and streets: and that then Canton
tea boxes and Hong Kong silks would be as
plenty en Main !rcet, as cotton bales in Livcr-j-ojl.
The public press has not paidtliat attention lo
tn.: .i i . t.: ... ...l.:nt. .!..
.1 wg uesigns dnu mg eiiiuaiici j ninmuuj
have demanded, and the present administration
h:i Im-h puflfcred. lo go on ia an imbecile and
ignominious course, without that in lignant re
proof which its abuses and errors richly merit
Our neighbor has we apprehend, been too
much occupied with family quarrels to devote
much of his Twis to, or waste much venom
01 Whie mCMircs. But wost of all he gains
'ittle for his pains, and after all the meetings,
Si resolutions of thc Df mocracy, there it little less
prospect of a re-uniovi now, than when the di
vision took place. It would be a Herculean
task indeed to cement together the wings of the
party, as widely served as they now are, and
perhaps the Times, at last feels tho incompeten
cy, of his potent words to heal the breach, and
iust wkinK to the painful eonciousncss of a di-
rclcctionof duty, in not oftener assailing the ad-
ministration, earnestly devotes himself to the
task of exposing "Whig designs and Whig chic-;
ancry." But alas for procrastination! Qur j
neio-hhor hn Wow.. Jjimrclf ci if t.-jj
magnanimous effort to disseminate
measure, nnlliftvif inn TTi wn.l. mtr.l.t l1n..a '
b-jcn, in tlie eves of his affectionate-, augmented
Mfr. liflla rrnlc ..I, ...I. I. K., : ... 1..
ed were used to the trrcat discomfiture of the'
.... - 1
lYhigs. Kut as an avowed nulhfier, wo imagine,
his words will fill liarmless. We versy much
feru-all his solititousness cannot, at this lute ;
l ... r . .1 t -i e.
hour, afTec U,e "imbecile & ignom.no u. course;
of the administration." The "indignant reproof";
came too late.
For the Hannibal Journal,
The contemplated railroad from Hannibal to
St. Joseph, is a matter in which very many per-
tnn hive nn nlnrnl. w m ore rrnt nnnriscd ot
the probable route that road will take. If any
nf vmir e:ilrr. r,n n nrm nn tnllrhincr the noun-
tie's and towns, thraugh or near to which the
contemplated enterprise is likely to pass, Ihey
. . o ... ..
will confer a favor on many who desire sucn
information. A. U.
The communication of A. B. comes froui a
distance, we are plotted to see the contemplated
enterprise is beginning to enlist the interest of
persons abroad.' A Bill, as the most of our raid
ers are aware, has already been introduecd into
Ponorresg. for an appropriation to the Hannibal 1 Red river, an! the Arkansas, were ordered fur
0 . L'..r . ...... 1 . .. ... .. 1.1: .1. ..!.;
and St, Joseph Haiiroad. It Will atlord us
gratification, as far, as is within our power, to
meet the wishes of A. B. with reference to the
j-robable route of tho road in our next issue, e d.
A CHRITMAS-EVE BALL' ..
Will In? given nt the City Hotel on tho eve
ning of the 21th. The proprietor will 110 doubt
make use of every .exertion to have things go
oft' in 4' l"1 c'y style. Wfe congratulate the
lovers of the dance 011 the p.rospect of a merry
From the New York Timet.
Report of the Secretary of the Navy.
Theunnual report from the Navy Depart
ment is ti document of moderate length, consid
erable ability, and general interest. Il contains
sundry, important recommendations regarding,
the regulation of the naval eslublishicent, and
sujgtsis a number of desirable improvements
Six squaurons are employed in. active service
on Ihe ocean. Of these, the Home squadron,
yet under tl command of Commodore Parker,
eonsisls oP live vessels, and has'crttised in the
West In lies and along the coasts of thc C irib
bean Sea und thu Gulf of Mexico. The Medi
errnean squadron, Coin.iMorgan commanding,
jonsisis of lour vessels? the African squadron,
lately under the command of Com. Gregory, now
of Coin. Lavalette, comprises fivebriirs and alom
the squadron on tho coast of Bn.zil, Com. Mc-
Keever, luuludes the Hag-ship Congress, ami
hreo others; the i'acilio squadron, Coin. Me
(iiuley, includes eleven sen-worthy vessels un.l
.toie-ship.-jaud tho squadron for the List Indies
ijjin. Auliek, commanding, comprehends the
.iLviu-ingaie Das.ucnunuat.iid three sloopt-of-.var.
Tne to'al number of vessels cmpolyed in
tquadronei ice,is, therefore, thirly-throe. Tin
.-tpjit announces, with sutsitaoticn, lhat, in ol!
u.rter of the globa, the rec:-p;ion of American
jruiser has beu respectful tin I t ordi.1. A
MNiiji'i iiuiiury allusioii is lundn to tlio expedi
ion iu re!i oi Sir John Frmklin, under the
- i.v ' .!'..:i.ritiu:.kis-3?rS-M-.
JOURNAL AND UNION-HANNIBAL, MO., DECEMBER 18. 1851.
cruise, is conveveJ to Congress for its accep
tance, should it be thought proper to authorize a
second cxpe I'lion.
The voysjre of tho irig&te M. Lawrence, 10
"The number sjf iBccrs employed during the
year Sn the ciast surv ey, was ninety. The Sec
retary renews his remmcndation thai the
supervision of this work be transferred to Ihe
Navy Department. , '''!
Thc nt-ei'ssity of revision of tho laws relat
ing to the Navy , ani the adoption of a suitable
and cftlecient system of Naval policy, is rccom
mended to lhr ulten'.ioii of Congress. Mr.. Gra
ham docs no, concur in the policy sometimes ad
vocated, th; we should apjxirtion our Naval
force to ill -it of the principal nations of Europe
w idiu liiej we may psssibly come in collsion;
yet he re ommend j tliat all the aids aTorded by
science und experience be applied to the im
provement, of our Naval establishment. It is in
vain t'.int we rest contented with our models and
aniiq'iated armaments. Our cbvious policy is to
continue to builJ ships, not only to supply losses,
but lo keep pace Willi Ihe improvements ot me
age. ihe necessity ol the estabnsiuneni 01 a
retired li;,t, tinjtlie wuutof a class ot stirall ves-
sc's, to give employment in command to senior
lieutenants, are two important recommendations
of the report. .
Ihe question o Corporeal rumshment la llie
Navy, ii commented npon by Secretary Graliam
at considerable length. A material delect in our
Navf '. cvde is to be thit which is occasioned
by the failure to provide any punishment by way
of sub.Mi'.u'e. The report goes on to argue, that
thc abolition of Naval Flogging has been atten
l.il wiih uniirrifituh'a conscnuunceti that justice
is delayed by confinement; that honest men are
made ttie servants of the unwolhy while the lat-
ter are in confinemen!; and that the ship s cllec
tive force is weakened. The Secretary consid
ers that the consequences of the change have
thus far been detrimental to the service, and com
mends the subject to the consideration of Con
gress. Thc scientific researches which have been
presented during th i year,-under the direction
of the Naval Department, are producing valua
ble results. Tite Naval Observalory and Hy
drographical offico have been in active and vig
orous operation; the Wind and Current Charts
planned by Lieut. Maury, are being extended
to the Pacific and Indian Oceans; the Astrono
mical expedition to Chili, under the direction of
Lieut. Gilliss, has been actively conducted,
and the first publicatjr'n'f tU$ Nautical Almanac
underthe supinlendrt . " :iut. Davis, miy be
expected in I hejcoursv isext fiscal year.
Abstract of the Rep 'the Secretary
The Secretary of War. in submitting his Re
port of the operations of his Department ditrinir
,:i Sf ..... ... . rwy
",e PMl ) c.aT sta,e UM U1? ience oi lexas,
. . . :..,....:,.. 0l108lJiU
i,,d;an lribes, has chiefly enga-zed the attention,
of the D.'partmsnl. These tribes are ucluitcd
less by hostility to the whites than by motives ot
pmuuur. x nv vuutiti v is v.ii uu 110.1 i"r
marauding expeJiiions. As infantry is of little
service, he recommended in his last report an
.iihlilinnal mmitilpil rt'irimmit. eouinned sneclallv
. .. . .i i i
iorlliw iervicc. eagres, noi raving nuopiea
11.: - Ihn 1 lnirltnr.nl hnd n
. ' ' .
(1119 J CUUIHIIltiUrtl IUIIb ly AV.U.IHIIVIII. aaaou J
muh. .iu.h ,1 nls 1 l.n Of ltS forces as WOU d
(r.....n V.rrJ.t , wn irimrv nd
iiiuj. VIH.1.1UUIM wu. ' " J
tulfil our treaty obligiitionstoMixico; and prompt!
measures were accordingly taken to concentrate
tho troops lliat could be spared ou the con-
ii ncs oi cexas uuu m-v iiexico. cue aii or-
u of u unWiiruk.'
charact,,, .,fj am;cibly disposed, it was thought.
r,gunet ot mounted riiiemen cou.d 00 1 a.. -
pensed with on the Pacilie, and it was accord-
' 1 11. t.. ...A n.n.n....l..r
ingly ordered to Texas, and its commander,
Brevet Major Ueneral Sm,th, placed in com
round of the am military department, wnue
Urevet Brigadier General Hitcucoch succeeded
him on the 1 aeihc.
sic me unci
j Major General Brooke and ae arrival of Bre
Vei Illaior unifiw
iior general oniru, - xirevei. xjriiraiucr
, i 1
General Habnet had displayed his accustomed
activity in urresling tne incursions 01 cue In
dians, and the good clfect of his measure, are
With the object of overawing the fierce and in
solent tribes n the northern portion of Texas,
and of protecting the emigrants wiio lake tliat
route to Texas. New Mexico, or Caiilornia, the
Secretary deemed it advisable to uatablish a
chain of military posts on that irontier. Hie
firm regiment ot intaiiiry, aireaoy nign up me
ther into the interior to establish a chain of posts
in the direction of the route known as "Marcy s
route," and the seventh regiment of infantry lo
occupy the stations abandoned by thelitih.
In Now Mexico the Indians cominiUed their
depredations within a few miles of the iniliiary
posts with impunity; to remedy which Brevet
Colonei Sumxeb Was ordered to the coirun uid of
that department. He arrived at Saula tc in
July last, and commenced makinz a most judi
cious arraagement of the military posts, alter
which he set out on an expedition against ine
powerful tribe of ihe Navajos, and the .result of
his expedition is not yet known.
JJxpenenoe his shown that the most eueciuai
way te nrotee !our settlements is to overawe the
Indians by a constant display of military force.
For Ibis reason the commanding officers in
Texas and New Mexico were directed to rcmqve
their stations near ihe frontiers, and strong hopes
afe entertained tliat, when their plans shall have
been fully developed, the Indians will be dis
posed to make treaties und observe them.
The United States have endeavored to fulfil
Co their fullest extent their trealy obligations
towards Mexico. It was never contemplated
lliat the entire expense and responsibility of deT
fending her territory should devolve on us. The
language of thenreaty does not admit of it, and
if it did, it would require an impossibility. TUe
United Slates have no right to station troops
within Mexico. All that Ave can do is to make
common cause with her, to chistisolhe tnb.s
who commit wrongs npon her, and compel them
to make restitution of Mexiea" prisoners un t
properly; iu line, to guard the interests of Mexi
can citizens it carefully as Nye do our own.
Our efforts, too, must bo seconded by corres
ponding elfurts on her own part, o
The number, vigilance, activity, and courag,.
of our troops, nn 1 tho di He re nee in the char40.
ter of the inhabitant, of the two ceum 1 iet, te .
to drive these marauders from our b0Jjer jn,0
ilidt of Mexico; where the feeblene51 0f tjlt.
Federul uuibority enables them to Curry on their
depredations with impunity.
rti.i Slate of Sonora is said to have suffered
the uijsl lo send a sufficient -force to which
would be attended with ilifiicnHiet almost in
l. I t. a... 1. tu.n ftttah-
.. 1 . V- .i - ri i 1 1. 1
lisnca ai vne junction oi coo una anu mo (
do, and the feasibility of ettablishing another ;
higher up the Gila is under exami
tmation py me
commander ol the 1 acinc divison. -
The depredations in Bonora are committed
chiefly by the Apaches and Navaios; but it must
not, however, be supposed that the Indians that
infest the Mexican settlements all reside within
our limilt, for some of them have their habitual
haunts within the limits of Mexico.
There it reason, the Seerctarr savs. to be-
lievethatmany of the rumors of ravages have
been grossly exaggerated, and some of them en-'
tirelv fabricated. An idea that this Government
was bound by treaty lo indemnuy citizens oi
that eoutitry for losses by Indian depredations
has, iu some instances, caused tales to be inven
ted with a view of bringing in fictitious claims
The Indians of Calirornta and Oregon, though
of peacable and friendly disposition, huvc been
recently engaged in several acts of hostility to
the whites; and, in some instances, there is rea -
son to believe that tney were goaded lo ncn a
course by the conduct of our people. Treaties
recently made with some of these tribes, it is
thought, if faithfully observed on our part, wil
go far townrds reconciling this unfortunate race,
and preventing future outbreaks. The Secre-
tary, therefore, recommends the rigid enforce -
mem oi me taws restricting intercourse wiui
Indians and encroachment on their land.
The Secretary suggests, however, that it
w0 uld not be safe to rely on a pacific policy al
rogt'er for the protection of our citizens in that
te"iou. The entire military force there now is
ouly seven hundred and thirty-six men; and the
nf HrwMn ti n - ..n.o..nt.l , V. fn.
and unrd an increase of the force; and the De-
IjOVtTllur w.vewi. iviin.Lini.i .v.
j partinent is unable at present, for the wai
means, toco.-npiy wh the demand. Theal
tion of Coiioti.'si is called to Ihe reeommenua
tioni of the G-,era,"'n"u"cr ' regard to an
inorease of thc mihrjr force.
The entire number of met borne on the rolls
amounts to 10,538; whit, h according to Ihe usu -
l e.tima'.e, will furnish n efT1iv force of
not more than 8,500 men. Wen it is consid -
ered, the Secretary savs that this small force
is scattered over a frontier of seV"' thousand
miles in extent, its insufficiency wi.'' be appa
The Secretary next adverts to the enormous
expense of supporting the army, and to the
causes which produce it, the principal one o'
which is the immense transportation demanded
by our newly acquired territories. The in-
creased expenditures in our army resulting
from our recently acquired territory, including
Texas, amounts to $456,709 75, accarding to
carciuujr prepared estimates.
But for unexpended balances of former ap
propriations, serious embarrassment would have
resulted to the service from the omission by
Congress at their last session, to provide for a
1 - f.,.
aenciency in ine vjuartermaster s ilepartment.
' -M to rcduce the e.nenditnr-s of the armv a.
far as possible, the Secretary has labored to re-
, form abuses, and to enforce rigidly all economi-
cal regulations. Among these he ennraerates
... it i j v. i -. i v. i:ic u.uim.iuu c. ...ci, iiuiu
537 men W 250, the number existing before the
w.ir; the dismounting of six companies of light
urtiliprv. fiiiir nf whioh in rpmnln imminlil.
. .. ... . .. . . .
( ttie diminution ot the number of clerk, &cM and'
, mc II1U3II UUUI1 Ul WUIUICTS lO UCflUrni lUL'lr IIU-
U f - a . f? iL" 1..
t " "---
t ! I ho nullluutinn nt farm. K.. Ida l.iwim on,l
u ' v '
' 'UIIUUI ULIlUr CUUIIllIllCtla
A crreat laxitv and disreirard of econemical
; regulations had for some time prevailed in the
icu ill ilic
( army; and the effect of the measures adopted by
t tie LleDartment. seconded by the zealous co-od-
eriltionf e superior offiers, is already dis-
oernible in a considerable reduction of the ex -
, pendttures-the estimate, of the next fiscal
yt.r being considerably below the expendituret j (
of previous years.
- j The expenditure, for the army for the year
ending on the 30ih of June
last, wern P (TiVl Qai fin
For the next
, . ................ , w , "
1" 771 R'l
J Showing a reduction of,
V l,lOl,4U- iO , t)lat ppriod to the timt. flxcj b lhe ucl 0, m iroh perceive are full of boasts of ihe advantage of
of economy wou.d have been 3d l850i to ei(tabih tlu!liptr ra1es oF t the Whig party in Congress over thc Democrat
tne aid legt.laUon been nec- A consequent delay in correspondence was a -' P"nt of harmony. While the Democrats
(J her measures
carried out had not
A number of arsenals, once needed at certain
points, are now entirely useles, and auhority is
naked to enable the Executive to abolish these
The Secretary presses a previous recommen
dation, that the department is authorized to en
The removal of the obstructions to the navi
gation of Red river and the Rio Grande would
stationed on the frontier; and to this end the
Secr.-t:ry recommends that every facility nJ
encouragement be aflbrded to the fon;,o of .
acal militia in our nr-w ..itl..ino( an I ih'ii
I . ,', . j , . . . .
policy ani nu-nanily, says the Secretary, re-
quire that we should employ some other means
of putting a .top to these depredations than the
terror of our arms; and to this effect he recom
mends conciliatory measures. Despair and hun
ger frequently operate upon the Indians. The
lands that afford nourishment to cattle and game
are the first to tempt the settler; so that the In
dians are lrcquently driven into the arid plains
and mountains that afford no sustenance, with
the circle of while population rapidly closing a
round them and particularly is this lhe case in
Texas, since the right of occupancy by the Indi
ans it not recognized by that Suite. This poli
cy it is that alarms and exasperates the 1 l:aos,
and brings on collisions between them and the
whites. The Secretary sugge.ts that it is to the
advantage of Texas herself, as well as the Uni
ted States, that these Indians should be left ih
possession of a small part of her territory ; and J
he recommends that food and; other ttt?3rie4'
be iiimisiiea them for a series of years.
The F lorida Indians have been placed under
chare of Ihe Secretary of the Interior.
The Military Academy, Hho Armories at
Springfield and Harper's Ferry, the operation
of tlie Bureau of Topographical Engineers, t'ie
Survey of the Northern Lakes, that or th:
Creek Boundary, and that or the Delta of the
Mississippi, and the expeditions to Salt Lake
and to Santa Fe, are briefly noticed and favora
bly commented on.
The Secretary calls atten! ion to the laws or
ganizing the Subsistence Department, in order
tr.at iu efficiency may be maintained, and pecu
niary risk and loss guarded aguintt.
j The Secretary announces that the Boardl.
poin'ed for that purpote have determined n
f ... , r i i 1 -t'uiiioer oi mail Koutes, b.I.O . " I"" "l ",c "umini.tralion Bollcy.
ing many of the post. , Tex t, and New ilex- Length of M .jj Routes, miles 196 V)0 ven of eourse lopteJ. V Y'
ico by Jiminishinglheamouaoflandtranspor- Number of mr.ctors'employ", M4.' . B,t f7 were not a.u)ted wi,h,)Ut conten-
. ,, . , Annual transporiation of Mails. .".m and dissent. Mr. Stevens, of Pennsylvania
But the expenditure, of the army will a way. IA" M-2,2' o32 nJ "vi-ral other, who favor lhe Freeso, lZ.
be enormous, so long n. a Lrge portion of it is .,.,.,! , . -r' . i ...7-7 trine, w th.lrew l. n,. - ' . aoc
grew iv rciuce ine expense. n uvi. nl innniv.ii. , .. i.ni nnn n ..r
'site in the vicinily of this city for an asylum for
'disabled and destitute soldiers; thnt the terms of
ik hiirnli.f. hn. lifin nrrrpn on: and tliat. 8S
i"1 , . ,, i -n- ---- . , ,
soon ai the titles shall have been examined and
approvcu, uis ciaw.-iu " w - -
He sttggals the expediency of creating a re
tired list of disabled officer!.
He recommends that the act which allnn s ft
small additional pay to officers and soldier in
California and Oregon be continued in force,
and that it include also New Mexico.
He concludes by recommending a system of
; equalizing the distribution of nrms lo ti.e mu u
pf the several States, on a brvsis derived rrom the
I lal est census returns. Washington (D. C.)
ADDRESS TO THE NISSISSIFFI.
l From tut Itaira't nearly bed thou uW't,
Thy fountains clear, ty lor'lifrn teinnesti eooiea
While o'er its smfsct kimi the birchen bark,
By lawny haadi propelltdt or pausing ttow 0
On the glassy marg to quench his thirst, the 8'ag
SUr1i l0 lre nii imt?t mirror'd briuht.
And on thou toll'il mid rugged eliffs. that rear
, T(,eil tnfxy heights as watch-lowers up; whreon
The Kiht of air hit lonely eyrie builds;
Ar.d leaving, anon, in wanton mood, stooaa,
Proudly stoops to sweep thy brink benettli;
Then losrii g. sports through his untracked ilon.tin.
Yet, tre thy cliffs their sninmits lower, Ihou leap'st,
riill boldly le?p.t, in lilvery ilieet, far down
Mid jiittirijr. rocks of many an age, to d!i,
r . i i . f .
, . ' ' '
I Imretiions o : Ihv ?nrav-rob'd cataract, blichled lore
Kalb hallow rd o'er, at d rendered consecrate
The pealirg anthem which "'i tirele.s hymn'it.
'iwasotsn n.oi.n wue, ..
i An i.lol.o'er it. naming snnne, n... p,.u,
Which carelen viewed okUtions oftercd up
! Ol warm devotion, forsaking coldly her,
j Who wor-l.ij.p.d and little reck'd for anguish's lira
1 Which should q nck consume her throbbing heart,
' Then o'eiw helmed, in wild Jepirshe sank,
; And naught save blackness saw aud wooed no thought
Rut of the Spirit-land, where grief lives not,
And chang. Irn pleasure, mid unfading, green gropes
Of thy muttering fall, Rivei! the echo loud
sh.' caught and on thy murky bosom .Ured,
' -.o.Vd, beneath to pillow her drooping head;
' Then btl adieu to kinsmen, .ad unmoored
; jjpr flla; cgoor. careful placed within
; . c,t,iti.ed' infanU.'pledges' of hertrolb.
; vyl0n) rond auVc'ion shunned to leave behind;
Ai d plid, with nai've mm, itie tremulous car.
Soon en .'.he hurryin cascade's glistening brink.
While finl r.-soinds ti.e matron's thrill eealh SJiig,
Quivers lb tiny brk. thru .'"' b'IU.
A?Z, !'f.r alve-l thy boisiW choral cha,.gp
To mournful wjils o'er tti.e .'-ive'v sacrifice,
But pitiless swept on; yet La n.''r t---ti"l"
wnwh,cbo'e. thy pr,-p.ce grand,!
. ' ,e'. . b,,,t T. I
hath panned net, bent. T. j
The beauteous bo
Heaven's high oib
REPORT OF THE POSTHXATER
The annual report of the 1'ostmasti.f men'
fh.i. ii n inrnr hi i ' ii n n ill. i ir ir. .
, : , , ft , , t vt Tl w
ebal is a lone and ;.u.c uoouinc-ut. It
vtwu !' w vic tioi a..v, .
. 1 . ,.T . I. '. t-.. . . . w , . . ..... ,.n
VI "Ul.ll , P...,.. w.y.
! portant improvements, and abounds in useful;.1'- ' ,' .T'T' .',! .
it armors that nn ncti..d inorease of lfiCi
- - i .i . r i
, - -
, A . Po .," eg J?mk ,1.7 at.narent in-
4 0 , , ' .
f.f" 0l Am,erlCJ" anl, gn m
. anJ F P p ' f f fiscal
I .1 ! ...irin .,.. i-c.
eu 'nose ec me preceding year wy..j:o 00,
,.,,; ",?:,, , rw;.;
j offi . or ,,r . ;n,iyi, he inprH,sp :
! '. . ' . '
" " . e- " . . . v'
h i .11 1 lii.in,. 1.... . F II... f..- ...I
wv .... filing .llv liiSl IIUI ML IIIU IISUUI
1 year, a sensible reduction took place in domes-
natural result. A similar reduction was ob- were quarrelling and storming about the corn
served upon the adoption of the reduced rates promise, all was sunshine, according to their
under the Act of 1845. The claims ot 'the , representations, in the Whig camp, and cvery
Franking privilege by certain members of the : thing was to go on smoothly,
present Congress also contributed to this reduc-: Tlie telegraph dispersed these pleasant an
lion. iticipations. The Whig members of the house
Thc renort cnnlaius a formidable arrnv nf have met in caucus, and llm ...l,,i;...,. ...i.:,i.
or tigures relating to the business of the depart-
.-, ment during the year; of which the important
I points are as follows, viz:
I r R:l;ir.,,,i t ' oVJSo'-A'j
I hi7tnirnZTr nl'i K
j N i nber .TpVoT " 5
t , .. , "ri""" . o.o.r
i.iiiiui-r oi l osi ur iKt'S, June 1. l.Jl
mtLijM ui me sscparimtjni, ijiU, .to.4:m
Tot 1 Letter Pui.ure, .'. .3
t-... 111. ,:..! i. . . ..... .....
Newspapert, Pamphlets, &c., P,
,. "g". $1035.131
urJinary Uovenues or tho year
Increase over those of last year,
Expenditures of the year,
Ordinary Expcndi urea,'
At the close of tlie half
roJtiuusier .enrral deems it proper to refer to
the origin, history and progress f the Pout Of
fice Department. Tlus portion of the Report
possesses a peculiar interest and value.
Within thc last two years, the cost of Mail
transportation h.-s largely increased. New t on
cncis for the north-western and south-weslMn
seciions involved an iriLTe ise of 25 per cont. in
atn?regate cost, and ot 10.4 per cent, in service;
while other contracts in the Southern sccilon,
uie cxiension una opening of the Erie Railroad,
increase ! mail facilities oia the es. l.-srlmt
promil.e Atlantic cities toiinporiant noints in
the est, and upon the Western rivers, added
Peeing of two s'eamers, the Franklin
an., iiuinooiai, on tiio N.W York and Havre
line, have all contributed fo cutiil burdens on
tho revenue of the .h.-pr!.n-nt. The Report
.. ... ilm.-euo!i, io ine suhji et of oom-
jiensatiiM; Postmasters, o;u suggests (he propri
eiy of nuking liberal nr. vision for this purpose
The question of Cheap Postage is diseased
a coni lerablo length. The Postmaster Gene
ral compares ihe resuli. 0f tbe system in Greul
Uriiaui with the reduced rates in the United
SUet, and believes that we are admonished by
he comparison not to attempt a further rcJuc'
uon until it .hall be justified by the revenue,
He .uggists that the rates of postago on all
printed matter, can be rendered more uniform
and less complex by the adoption of suitable
rates, without diminishing the revenue very
Te special agents of tho Department have
been actively employed. Mr. Ho'obie wus dis
patched to Cuba nnn Panama to alTect suitable
Mail nrnngementi for the West Indies, SoutlF
America, and points on the Gulf of Mexico.
These cbjecls were temporarily attained, but
the increase of correspondence will soon ren
der more perfecUirnngements desirable. It ia
recommended thuT adequate provision be made
lor Ihe payment of Mr. Ilybliie's expenses'
while he was absent upon his mission. As to .
California and Oregon, contracts have been ex
ecuted for tho residue of the contract term, to,
end on the 30lh June, 1854. Tho report alsd;
refers to the opening of the rtnite now in oper
al ion by wny of Lake Nicaragua. k i , ;
Tho contracts with Ihe Cunard nn.1 Collins
steamships; the postal communications between
tho United Slates and Mexico, by a line of
sVamers running from New Orleans Id" Vera
Cruz via Tampico; thc conveyance of letters
hither from foreign ports without delivery to
the Pnt Office; llio necessity of gurding the
mails from robbery, and the increasing abuses of
the franking privilegeare severally dwelt up
on, and recommendations are made, in relation
thcr io, which will attract attention.
Cert-iin improvements in the organization of
the Department are suggested; and the Report
concludes with recommendation for a thorough
revision of tho laws which affect the Cptvro.
inent and the officers of the General Post Office.
How tha AbohUonisU View It
The N. Y. Evening Pos, t,e bitter enemy of
the Compromise Measures and particularly of
the Fugitive Slave Law, makes these remark a
in relation to the Lotwfoca Caucus of .Represen
tatives at Washington. That paper is highly
pleased with the repudiation ol the resolution to
acquiesce in the Compromise Measures and looks
upon it as a great triumph for the Free Soil par
ty. So it was:
THE TWO CAUCUSES AT WASIflirOTOW.
The different results of the two caucuses held
at Washington by the Whig apd Democratic
metubert 0f the House of Representatives, pre
liminary to the nomination of Speaker and Clerk
are worthy of note. Attempts were made to
place the two parties on the same platform of
poiilicul doc rine that ofadhcrance lo the com
promise, which means the fugitive slave law.
In the Democratic caucus, the resolutions of
fereJ by Colonel Polk, brother to the late Pres
idetrf, sustaining the compromise, were laid of
the table by a very d.xsiJed majority a vole o
nearly two to one. The Democratic members,
in other words, refused to make their nom
inations with any express view to the sup
port of the lugiiive slave law. The moverr
Col. Polk, an 1 a dozen more of the Southern
1 D'mofrats, it is said, immediately left th
caucus and re used their countenance lo its fur
lie candidates ngrecd upon, are Lynn Boyd,
of Kentucky, as Speaker, and Jno. V. Forney,
0( p01,us) lyania, us Ck'rk. Mr. Boyd is .
I very respeciau.e memnrr ot the house, unj will,
I doubtless, niake a good Speaker; but in regard
to the queMion oi the compromise, has been sup
posed lo be quite as much a bigot as the other
d.'.tlinguished KcuUckian, who was the nrinci-
-. .. . . .
, a.sunguisheit Kcutuckian, nvho
pj auihor of the measures bearing thU name,
if.v i'..rn..v ;., ....,i ... ,i y ...
. v . ,.,, ,,l ,,. , ,,
I nl i. the same onininnu n. In. I ...... A l)..l.
! ' , , ,7 r -- intu
anan, who ha? the reputation of going even a little
1. 1.1 . , . . M . .
boyond the nculieru uiiion Deinocriiti tti bi view
i 01 lle ProPor adjuitmeiit of Jie slavery ques-
..' co,prc-,nise resolutions the
victory; in regard to the nominations, the olhcr
wina. lit' llip l:.rtv r.'.rvio.l it... Anm'
, o r-j iu. u.;,
however, that Mr. King, of this Sftal
It is (.aid
:le end Mr.
: Rantoul, ol Massachusetts, supported and or!
the n...nina.i..n r H...J ...j V..,.. ?"
. . '.-
nillCil I1K Ull'.IIL. in 1I14II.. In f in.o
' to suppose they can satisfactorily explain.
n J in". UilL.ClllCIl,
Some of the Whin- nritnu ..(" ,1.;.
r. -v...wiii viiiu
i U!C "emoeratit caucus had rejected, have been
j ncred. As the compromise measures are the
iu.ubui.ui me aumnnsiratioii nn1 i. r.v.i
.i ... . V""
will not hold tl,m..l. i, '.i f"
ceedinrs. '" " VTO:
caucuses tht rrsxdt is vrtcisrlu ....
;, , , ,. " r"1" "V Uhat ve
in nspotmbditu of 1he
ijj i '"K"y uixmntea nu fie De
crals aUi iinc!lii uonxd In ihe Hi... .,..
LUHlnrm,, ,B i .?
i JFJPr offering Uu.
J- A- IWSL3SB It CO.,
. .... .. InLluueth "
.1 ur arucia ol Uouhl. Hiifi.i
i . aa'i.i.i .... .
" :, l,
Horse Uiai.it alwavs on
Vine' ' ,or Craen'. Clar.Ced Cide
" . o "J'
R0FFETT, STILLWELL ft " Of," "
COM MISSION MERCHANTS
11, l.ociist kt.,(ip Hiairs,)
ST. LOUIS, MO. i;;
T It A ni'C fco. 8, " "
Commercial, nni 18, Front, Streets.
w.r .sitr-fe 7p,y M
i i . , . ASe ana Fever.
in.0oM,r;hJ ",i,iu,ei1 ' t:
uovtitf ' . . ...... Mn
J- A. IiVSr.RR.fc CO.
Cash for Wool.
Till- k- i . v WW,
hy Vt.ii .h, paU for
y I'l'lly ; M. a. I.INDsi.KY.
w ' ' 'he Oieat Wester