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Washington State Journal
ALWAYS STOOD PAT
NEVER EOST HIS NERVE
George M. McDonald does Big Busi
ness While Banks and Ex
porters Rest on their Oars
The present financial flurry is only
a scare. Bankers and farmers alike
are afraid to do anything. So says
Geo. M.i McDonald. In talking .to a
reporter of the News yesterday, Geo.
M. McDonald, pioneer merchant and
financier of this place, stated that
every one had apparently relaxed all
effort to do anything. Bankers seem
to be afraid to give up a dollar and
farmers, who owe large bills and ac
counts, have simply on their
wheat and are letting their accounts
and notes go unpaid simply because
they haven't the energy and push to
try and do what is best for themselves
and for all concerned.
"Since the general close down of
business the latter part of October,"
continued Mr. McDonald, "we have
been going ahead just as N though noth
ing had happened. We were not
afraid to ship wheat to the coast even
though it was impossible to get real
money for it. Since October 2H|We
have shipped over $70,000 worth of
wheat and $30,000 worth of cattle,
making a total of $100,000 of business
done since mo-t everyone else has sat
down to warm their cold feet. Out
of this vast sum of money we have
been abltf to get only about $1700 in
cash. Tnerest of this money has gone
to pay what we owe Because we
could not get cash did not stop us.
We owed the bills and accounts and
were only too willing to cancel them
"Out of what cash we received we
paid our customers enough money on
each loadw>f wheat to bear his ex=
penses. We were the only dealers in
Coulee City who did not quit advanc
ing money on wheat. While the bank
ers were all afraid to give any one
expense money to pay their actual
expenses while marketing their crops
and trying to pay their debts we man
aged to rake up enough of "Uncle
Sam's Best" to satisfy all who came
to our warehouse, hungry and cold.
"We did not quit buying wheat
simply because the coast buyers were
out of the market. We have at all
times been able to take wheat at the
market price, thus allowing the pro
ducer to pay his accounts and every
one who needed money to pay his
hfttel bill and livery bill were able to
supply them with enough of Uncle
Sam's hard cash to keep them going.
"While the oldest bank in Douglas
County has got cold feet, hAe sat down
on every dollar of the people's money
and turned down our checks for 75
cents, 90 cents, and $1 and $1.50, we
managed to do over $100,000 of busi
ness while the bank was simply stand
ing still, sitting around, pretending
to be guarding the people's wealth
and not even allowing them
money on a load of wheat (which is
as good as gold) to pay the actual
expenses of bringing it to market.
This example has been followed by
many of our customers, who have
simple sat down on their wheat at
home and are standing us off and buy
ing necessities on time, laboring under
the foolish idea that they can not do
anything until the banks open.
"I was in Coulee City 14 years be
fore we ever had a bank and have
shipped in many hundreds of thousands
of dollars to buy wheat with. Wheat
moved just the same at Coulee City
whether there was a bank or not.
I came here before bankers had faith
in the country and did business just
the same and lam still here doing
business even after our bankers and
farmers have given up all hope and
have sat down.
"If our farmer friends would only
use the same kind of hustle that 4 we
have been using every day since the
close down, Douglas county would to
day know nothing of the world's
financial troubles. With a million
bushel wheat crop for Coulee City
this year and at the present low price
of 65 cents per bushel it means that
our people will have in their pockets
over $650,000 of Uncle Sam's coin;
for wheat this year will bring gold for
many thousnad miles. But if our
bankers and farmers simply sit down
on all of the money and wheat there
is in the country and say it is impos
sible to do anything, then we can ex
pect several months of just such times
as we have been having for the past
"If our farmer friends could only
realize it, their wheat will pay all of
their debts. It will pay their heading
bill, threshing bill, grocery bill, sack
bill, machinery bill, interest on their
farm loan, wood and coal bill and
taxes. In addition to this it will buy
anything they need to wear, eat or
use. It acts just the same as money.
The only thing is to keep it moving.
Wheat will do no one any good piled
up on the ranch or stored in granaries.
Neither will money do anyone any
good locked up in bnnk vaults. They
are both alike. To be of value to
the owner or his neighbor they must
be used or put into circulation. Money
or wheat will pay debts if the owner
only wants to do so. Hut there is too
much of a disposition on the part of
the bankers and farmers to hold on to
that which rightly belongs to someone
"The only trouble with our financial
world today is the fact that all bank
ers have gotten cold feet and have
simply sat down on the people's money
and refuse to give it up. The farmers
have the wheat and refuse to pay
their debts, they are both hurting the
country. When I get a bushel of
wheat I ship it just as soon as I can
get a car. If I get a dollar I spend it.
In order to furnish all who hauled
wheat to our warehouse with expense
money it has kept us pretty busy.
"Some nights when the last man
drew his expense money in Uncle
Sam's I would go to sleep with
less than $50 on hand and out of
circulation with which to start busi
ness the next morning. But I slept
just as sound ah though all the banks
in the world were running in full
blast. If all our people would make
the same effort to pay their debts that
we have been maki.ig for the past 40
days. Douglas county would soon be
the least disturbed spot on earth.
Let every farmer follow our example,
now that all are buying wheat again,
and bring to market enough grain to
cancel his indebtedness and by Jan. 1,
1008, Coulee City farmers, merchants
and bankers will all be the happiest
people in the world. For freedom of
debts is conducive of happiness. What
is the use in holding wheat when it
will pay that which rightly belongs
to someone else?"— Coulee City
Nebraska for Taft
< First of all states to endorse a can
didate for President, the Nebraska
Republican State Convention, held
Sept. 24, 1907, at Lincoln, adopted a
ringing endorsement of the Roosevelt
policies and add'd:
"While not presuming to forestall
the action if any future convention,
we express the belief that the Re
publicans of Nebraska recognize in the
HON. WILLIAM H. TAFT, OF
OHIO, one whose personal character
and whose long public service mark
him as PRE-EMINENTLY the man
under whose leadership these policiea
would be perpetuated."
To stop that pain in the back, that
stiffness of the joints and muscles,
take Pineules. They are guaranteed.
Don't suffer from rheumatsm, back
ache, kidney trouble, when you get
3(1 days treatment for $100. A single
dose at bed time proves their merit.
Get them today. Sold by Eemrson
RITZVILLE, WASHINGTON, THURSDAY, DECEMBER 26, 1907.
TO DISCARD SACKS
IN SHIPPING THE WHEAT
This Would Solve the Problem ol Mov
ing the Crop, Great Northern
Traffic Man Says
The solution of the problem of mov
ing: the wheat crop of Washington will
be realized by changing from shipping
in sacks to snipping in bulk, according
to the view taken by M. J. Costello,
assistant traffic manager of the Great
Northern, who been in .
Spokane on official business.
"With the wljeat handled by the ele
vators in Minneapolis and Duluth ship
ped in sacks in place of in bulk it would
require four years to dispose of a year's
crop from the Dakotas," declared Mr.
"In the discussion of this subject lasti
week before the state railroad commis
sion, the members of the commission all
expressed themselves in favor of the
change in the method of transporting
"The average number of ca?s of
wheat handled daily in Seattle is about
31 and at that rate it would take more 1
than six months to unload the wheat
shipped from the territory of the Great
Northern.* With all the cars necessary
to move the wheat to the Sound ter
minal the available equipment would not
facilitate the marketing of the crop be
cause of the congestion in Seattle-and
"In Minneapolisand Duluth from 11(K)
to 1500 cars a day are unloaded and at
Duluth a ship can be unloaded from the
elevators with a cargo of wheat in lit
tle more time than is required to un
load a car of sacked wheat. It takes
from 10 to 20 days to put a cargo of
sacked wheat in the sailing vessels on
the Sound. Of course, these vessels are
not constructed for carrying wheat in
bulk, as to transport the grain in that
shape necessitates dividing the hold in
to compartments to prevent the cargo
front shifting. Another reason for ship
ping wheat by sea in sacks is that many
ports are not equipped with facilities
for discharging grain in bulk. Only
about one-third of the Washington wheat
crop, however, is shipped by sea and
only to that extent is there any neces
sity for sacking.
"1 was told by one of the leading mill
ing men of Washington that he would
be willing to pay from 2 to 3 cents a
bushel more for wheat in bulk than for
sacked wheat. With this increase in
price and saving the cost of the sacks,
the difference in favor of the farmer
would be from 0 to 7 cents a bushel.
"The change from sacking the grain
to handling it in bulk.would mean con
siderable of a first to the growers,
as the departure from the present me
thod wonld have to be general, it
i would be useless to gather the harvest
in bulk without having facilities to load
it on the cars, and with elevators at the
shipping points in tfie wheat section*
nothing would be gained without ade
quate provision in the way of elevators
to handle the grain at destination." —
Leon Valley Items.
We have had one of the finest falls
that we have ever seen since we have
been here. It just suits us.
Fall grain is making a good growth,
and that which is not up yet is sprouted
in fine shape. We feel there is the best
show for a crop that we have had since
we have been in the grain business.
Phillip Walter has just completed a
nice little farm house on the quarter he
recently bought of James O'Hare, and
will move into it soon. His brother
Henry engineered the carpenter work.
A. O. Lee's team has hauled 57 loads
of grain to market this fall, traveling
about 1000 miles in all on the trips. C.
Gossett drove every load, and we con
sider it a pretty good fall's work. Who
can beat it?
At the literary last Friday the ques
tion of "Man's love for money or love
of woman" was decided in the negative.
Next Friday the question of "The en-.
vironments make the man" will be dis
cussed with J. W. Hicks and J. M.
Moorman as leaders. A big crowd will
Preparations are being made for a
Christmas tree at the Billington school
house. The people are taking hold with
I their old-time vigor and determination
| and it is bound to be interesting.
Day Imus, of Lind, looked at some of
our geese the other day over the barrel
of his 90-90, but that is all the good it
did. They all flew away again.
Rev. Irl Hicks' Almanac for 1908
Is ready for delivery, and excels all
former editions in beauty and value.
The cover is a beautiful design in col
ors. The entire book is full of fine half
tones, astronomical engravings and in
teresting matter. It contains the
Hicks weather forecasts complete for
the whole year, finely illustrated. The
price by mail is 35 cents, on News
| Stands 30 cents. Word and Works,
I the Rev. Irl R. Hicks' fine monthly
; magazine, contains all his weather fore
casts from month to month, together
with a vast amount of the best family
reading. The p\ice is $1 per year and
one almanac goes with each subscrip
tion. Address Word and Works Pub
lishing Co., 2201 Locust Street, St.
Louis, Missouri. Write for rate on
! almanacs in quantities. Agents wanted.
From Th»T Enterprise
Ed. Moore left Tuesday for Spokane
. on business.
* B. F. Zumwalt left Monday for
\Vaitsburg on business.
Mrs. W. L. Mustard is recovering
from a severe illness.
William Vermillion left yesterday for
his old home in I ronton, Ohio.
Mrs. J. S. Thomas, of Hooper, was
a guest of Mr. and Mrs. L. N. Shop
shire Wednesday and Thursday.
A. P. Baldwin, who has been here
looking after his sheep interest, left
Monday for his home at Colfax.
J. W. La Violett*, formerly with the
Portland & Seattle Company surveyors,
returned today to his home near Spo
Dave Carter has received word th;it
his brother Louis, who is in the Phil
ippines, is very low with fever, but is
; thought to be improviug.
Mrs. K. M. Tweedy left yesterday
for Coeur d'Alene. Mr. Tweedy has
purchased a ranch near that place,
where they will make their home in
Thomas and Charles Helm left Sun
day for Nampa, Idaho. Their brother,
Isaac Dolbow, has a farm near that
place and their intentions are to invest
in some irrigated lands.
T. R. Mays, who went to Walla
Walla about four weeks ago for med
ical treatment, returned Sunday and is
much improved. He expects to return
to Walla Walla and engage in the
Ed Newens, who was injured last
week while working for tin* Palouse Ir
rigation and Power Company, returned
to Hooper Tuesday, and will be able to
work again within a few days.
Dr. A. .1. Williams, of Spokane,
came up from Kahlotus Monday, wiu-re
he has been doing dental work. He
will leave tomorrow and expects to re
turn again after holidays.
M. S. KatclifTe, of Bonners Ferry,
was here this week* looking after his
farming interests which he has rented
to W. A. Sparks. Mr. Ratcliffe and
family moved to Bonners Ferry about
one year ago, where he purchased a
fruit and hay ranch. He says that he
has one of the best farms in that
section and has done well this season in
the fruit business.
William Smith, cousin of Mrs. H. L.
White and nephew of W. W. Smith of
Walla Walla, died of typhoid fever
Wednesday in a hotel at Hatton. Mr.
White received word that the remains
will be brought to Washtucna Friday
for burial in the I. O. O. F. cemetery
by the side of his father, Samuel
Smith, who died in February, 1905.
Mrs. W. A. Hayden died Monday of
consumption at the home of her mother,
Mrs. John Griner, near Garfield. Mr.
Hayden was here visiting when he re
ceived the sad news Wednesday and
immediately left for that place. Mrs.
Hayden has been sick the past year
but was not thought to be in a critical
condition. Besides her husband she is
survived by two small children, ages
two and four years. Interment was
made in the cemetery at Freeze, Idaho.
Gertrude, the two-year old child of
Mr. and Mrs. L. L. Bassett, Wednes
day, by accident swallowed some Vapo-
Cresoline and is in a critical condition.
Dr. J. W. Sherfey says the child is in
a very bad condition but will recover.
Inhaling the fumes has caused bron
chial pneumonia. Mr. Bassett recently
built an addition to his house and while
rearranging the interior Mrs. Bassett
placed the medicine on a table, where
it was reached by the child, unnoticed
by other members of the family.
Bee's Laxative Cough Syrup for
coughs, colds, croup and whooping
cough grows in favor daily. Mothers
should keep it on hand for children.
It is a prompt relief to croup. It is
gently laxative, driving the |K>ison and
phlegm from the system. It gives
immediate relief. Guaranteed. Sold
by Emerson Drug Co.
ENDORSES THE FAIR
The Participation of Uncle Sam in
tion at Seattle.
Seattle, Dec. 12M. N*o\v that Presi
dent Roosevelt in his message to Con
gress has endorsed the participation of i
the United States Government, in the
Alaska-Yukon-Pacific Exposition, the 1
management of the 1000 fair will carry '
on a campaign to secure the early pas- i
sage of the appropriation bill. Henry
E. Reed, director of exploitation, has'
gone to Washington to open up head- 1
quarters to circulate information in re-1
gard to the plans and objects .of tin-»
exposition. Later on a committee com-1
posed of officials of the exposition and
prominent men of Alaska and the Pa- j
cific Northwest will go to the National i
capital to present the exposition's case I
The fact that the exposition man- j
agement has pledged itself not to ac-!
cept a loan or gift from Uncle Sam is j
endorsed in President Roosevelt's mes- j
sage. This, it is thought by the offi
cials, will have much weight with con
gress. The section of the President's !
message reterring to the Alaska-Ynkon-
Paciflc Exposition is as follow
"The courage and enterprise • the
citizens of the far Northwest in their i
projected Alaska-Yukon-Pacific Ex-1
position to be held in 1900, should re ,
ceive liberal encouragement. This ex
position is not sentimental in its eon-j
ception, but seeks to exploit the nat
ural resources of Alaska and to pro- ,
mote the commerce, trade and ii.dustr>
of the Pacific States with their neigh- I
boring states and with our insular pos-1
sessions and the neighboring countries
of the Pacific. The exposition asks no
loan from congress, but seeks appro
priations for national exhibits and ex
hibits of tin* Western dependencies of
the general government. The State of
Washington and the City of Seattle!
have shown the characteristic western
enterprise in large donations for the j
conduct of this exposition, in which 1
other states are lending a generous •
Work on the exposition grounds is
progressing rapidly. Most of the grad
ing for roadways, avenues, plazas and !
circles has been finished, and the
grounds have been enclosed by a fence, j
The contract for the erection of the i
emergency hospital lias been let
and the structure will be completed
within the next few weeks. Contracts
have been granted for four large
buildings which are to be finished with
in six months. They are Arts
Palace, Auditorium, Machinery Hall
ami the Manufactures Building. The
three first will be permanent structures,
being built out of buff brick with terra
Most ail of the exhibit palaces will
be classic in design as far as modern ,
usage will permit. After the fair the .
permanent buildings will be used by j
Washington University upon the camp
us of which the exposition will be held, j
for college edifices.
Tfce Arctic Brotherhood, an order
composed of men who have been in (
Alaska and Yukon, will erect a build
ing costing $25,000. The site has been 1
selected and plans for the structure are j
now being prepared. During the ex-1
position the building will be used as a 1
club house and will contain an exhibit j
of curios and relics of the Northland. 1
After the fair it will be turned over to !
the Washington University for the use |
of students from Alaska and Yukon.
Many counties throughout the State \
of Washington, Oregon and California .
are preparing to have separate build
ings and displays from their general
William Jennings Bryan, in a letter
to Henry E. Reed, director of exploita
tion, heartily endorses the participation
of the United States Government.
Hunters' and Trappers' Guide
Andersch Bros., of Minneapolis, have
one of the largest and best equipped
Fur and Hide Houses in the world.
This reliable firm, which has been in
business for 18 years, has adopted the
policy of buying furs and hides direct
from trappers and other producers,
and selling to manufacturers. Anyone
who has hides or furs to sell should
write to this firm for their liberal price
quotations, and also enquire about the
"Hunters' and Trappers' Guide"—a
book published by Andersch Bros., tell
ing all about hunting and trapping, and
preparing and preserving hides and
furs. They make a special pro|>osition
to all customers on their 450-page il
lustrated book. Address them—AN
DKRSCH BROS., Dept. 71, Minneap
(From the Record.)
Mrs. Fr£<l Thiol visited with relatives
at Spokane the first of the week.
Harney Minarti returned Wednesday
from a \isit with relatives in Klina.
-<>. F. Minch was a business visitor at
Attorney Nevins was at the county
seat on business Tuesday.
l>r. Ganson reports the birth of a
jdaughter to Mr. ami Mrs. Peter Luiten
mi Wednesday, Dec. IM.
Mayor (iuth transacted business at
Tin■ Finney LumlierCo. have installed
! gas lights iu their office.
! t'has. Hently made a trip to the
j woods near Newport the first of the
i Carl (Ireisinger of Wilson Creek was
shaking hands with friends in the city
Herman Kngelman came up from
J Mohler the first of the week and will
spend the holidays in Odessa.
F. M. Lee, cashier at the (I. N. de
| pot, returned Saturday evening from a
trip to his boyhood home in Minnesota.
Mrs. M. Bingham went to Cheney
Wednesday, where she will spend the
i holidays at tin- home of Mr. Bingham's
Mr. and Mrs. W. R. Leslie leftOdes
:mi Monday evening for Tiffin, Mo.,
! where they will spend a couple of
f months visiting relatives.
Miss Kdna Zeigler had a thrilling ex
perience with a night prowler Monday
evening. During the absence of her
family from home she was spending the
: evening with Mrs. Allen Shelton, a
I neighbor. Hearing a slight commotion
; outside the women peered out through
, tin- window and in the moonlight saw a
> man making a raid on an out building
I used by the Sheltons as a storehouse.
Miss Kdna inquired of Mrs. Shelton if
she had any firearms about the house
and she*produced a small revolver.
Armed with this the girl sallied forth,
[ followed by Mrs. Shelton, in pursuit of
; the thii l', who, hearing them approach,
> dodged around the corner of the build
i ing and made his getaway.
Mrs. S. B. Hougen, who was operat
ed upon at Sjwikane last week for tu
} mor, is reported doing nicely and will
probably be able to return home next
A. D. Tucker of Irby is languishing
in jail at l)aveiij»ort, eharged with wife
desertion. He left his wife last .July
and sinOe that time has failed to con
tribute toward her support.
Will Loyd and family will leave Odes
| sa about Jan. Ist, for Bluestem, where
Mr. Lloyd goes t«» accept a position
with the Moscow Mercantile Co., of
which his brother is manager.
A. Monroe has sold his 4SO acre ranch
joining town on the south to Fmanuel
Ruir,the stock and farming implements
being made a part of tin* deal at $19
I per acre. Only a portion of the land
lis lit for wheal raising, the remainder
I being grazing laud. Mr. Monroe ac
cepted in exchange as part payment
a quarter section of land lying south of
i Rrupp in Douglas county. Mr. Monroe
I has rented the Totucek house on the
north side and will move to town to
I Frrd George informs us that the re
I port circulated here a couple of weeks
| ago concerning A. J. Farmer's death in
; Missouri was incorrect. The old gentle
i man has been very ill and his life was
j dispaired of at one time but his son
I Jesse, who returned from Missouri this
| week, reports that he is now on the
! road to recovery. This is good news to
Mr. Farmer's many friends here, who
hope he will live for many years yet.
J. B. Zeigler received an interesting
group picture this week from his mo
ther'* home in Brantford, Ont. In the
group were his mother, who is eighty
eight years old, his sister, her son,
grandson and great grandson, five gen
erations in all. Judge Zeigler, who
owns up to sixty years himself, says
his mother is still quite sprightly and
bids fair to live for many years yet.
She comes of good old Pennsylvania
Dutch stock and moved to Ontario with
her parents when she was nine years
old. The country was then in its first
stages of development and she has
lived to see some wonderful changes
brought aliout. The Judge, speaking
of his boyhood days on ths farm; men
tioned some of the primative methods
of farming then in vogue, to show
what moderti methods and modern ma
chinery had done to lighten the labor
of the farmer of the present day. Some
of our farmers who look ui#n farming
as a drudgery now should hear the
Judge tell of his early experiences on