Newspaper Page Text
SHORT CONCISE ITEMS
NEARLY ALL PART# OF THE
Deputy Warden Bourke of the Brit
ish Columbia penitentiary at New
Westminster has been relieved of duty,
it is stated, as a direct result of the
escape of Bill Miner from that Insti
tution in the prison for 12 years and
retires with a pension of $1000 per
Comptroller of the Currency W. B.
Rldgely has decHned the presidency of
the Mercantile National bank of New
Secretary Root, Mrs. Root and Miss
Root have arrived in Washington from
the visit to Mexico. The secretary was
The Nebraska state railway commis
sion has received a letter from the In
terstate commerce commission declin
ing to allow return transportation to
One man was killed and 10 other
persons were injured in a head-on col
lision between two suburban passenger
trains on the Chicago & Northwestern
railroad near Grand avenue in Chicago
A perplexing situation is being faced
by the New York bankers and finan
ciers who are trying to straighten out
the affairs of the Mercantile National
bank, and to divorce It completely
from any association with F. Augustus
Heinze, its former president.
Hartford, Conn.—A machine used in
the manufacture of illuminating gas
from petroleum in a small structure on
the bank of the Farmlngton river, in
the upper village, exploded recently
with terrific force and Thomas O'Con
nell, the maker of the gas, and his as
sistant, Michael Donsvan, were instant
ly killed and George Gagnon, a helper,
was seriously hurt.
SLAYB IN CROWDED STREETCAR
Conductor Bhooti, and Bullet* Find
San Francisco, Oct. 20.—As a re
sult of trouble over a transfer slip
on a Polk street car of the United
Railroads system Saturday evening,
one man was shot and killed, another
so seriously wounded that death will
- probably ensue, and two other men
less severely injured. The slain man
was Charles Moss, aged 34 years, a
hodcarrier by occupation. Otto P.
Enerwein was shot through the neck
and left eye and will probably die.
John Monger, a hodcarrier, was shot
through the left hand.
Bernard Goldstein was shot through
the right leg; Joseph Steffens will
probably lose the sight of his left eye,
which was filled with shattered glass.
The conductor of the car, E. H.
Brown, and the motorman, E. A. Pur
cell, are at the city prison and will
be charged with murder. The con
ductor did the shooting.
During the quarreel over the trans
fer slip, some one threw off the trolley
pole and the car came to a standstill.
The stoppage of the car, coupled with
a noise in the rear, led Motorman Pur
cell to believe that his mate was in
danger and, revolver In hand, he
pushed his way through the crowded
passengers. Women and children
were thrown into a panic and a mad
rush was made to escape. Women
trampled upon children, and windows
were broken by the affrighted passen
gers, whose hysteria and fears were
Increased when the shooting began.
TO HABTEN LAND FRAUD CABES
Northwest Trial* Lag Too Long for
It is known that the general land
office has many cases Involving Illegal
entries in the Pacific northwest, which
have been recommended to the depart
ment ef Justice for action, over which
some officials think there has been
undue delay in getting the cases into
court for trial. In some Instances in
dictments were returned more than
three years ago and the defendants
have never yet faced a jury. It i* be
lieved a mild protest ha* been regis
tered with the department of justice
against the delay in trying case* so
long pending. Indictments have been
pouring in in many states and the
dockets are rapidly filling. The inten
tion has been announced to prosecute
Idaho cases vigorously, yet In Ore
gon there are case* which have been
pending since 1103. Conferences have
been held here during the past week,
Indicating that efforts are being put
forth to get these and other case* to
trial, so Intense activity may be looked
for In many state* by the special and
regular attorneys for the government.
Europa Eclipse* Lusltanla.
Hamburg. Oct. 22.—The giant
steamer that English ship builders are
to construct for the Hamburg-Ameri
can line will be named the Europa.
She will be of 68,000 tons, as against
the 32,500 of the Lustltanla.
Incidentally, It Is stated that the
Europa probably will be the last Ger
man line steamer to be built In Eng
land, as the new Vulcan yards, which
are to take this work, will be com
pleted before the construction of the
proposeJ sister ship of the Europa is
DOEB NOT BOOM HIMSELF.
Hughe* Makes Declaration of Attitude
Governor Hughes has made a dec
laration of his attitude toward the
presidential nomination, when In the
course of an address at a dinner given
In his honor by the republican club, he
"I do not seek any public office. I
have not sought, nor shall I seek, di
rectly or indirectly, the selection or
the vote of any delegate to any con
vention, and with reference to the
election of any delegate to any con
vention, there will be no suggestion or
thought of induencee, protest or re
prisal In the executive chamber."
Additional significance was given
his speech by reason of the fact that
he took occasion to refer to his posi
tion In regard to the fusion of the re
publicans and the Independence league
on the New York county ticket.
In this particular he said:
"Talking in this personal vein, I may
say that I have steadfastly refrained
from becoming associated in any man
ner with factional controversies. I
have no connection or interest in the
ambitions or efforts of revivals for
political preferment or political lead
ership in any locality or In the state
at large. I desire to see party activi
ties conducted honorably, the free ex
pression of popular choice, and to have
the party organization represent the
untrammeled wish of the members of
the party, without any interference on
the part of the executive. To this end
I have favorad the adoption of a plan
for direct nominations and have fa
vored a permissive bill so that the
plan could have a fair trial in the
communities where It has the support
of public sentiment. It is of great
importance, in my Judgment, that the
discharge of the duties of the govern
orship should not be embarrassed by
attempts at political management.
"I do not aim to be a party boss. I
want simply to be governor during my
PEACE CONFERENCE IS OVER
Barbosa and Von Biebersteln Shine
London —The Hague peace confer
ence Is over. Some of the delegates
have already started for home. Since
June 15, when the conference opened,
two of the 225 delegates have come
conspicuously to the front as real
statemen. One Is Ruy Barbosa of
Brazil, the other Baron Marshal von
Biebersteln of Germany.
Barbosa came to The Hague un
known. He won his reputation by the
skill with which he championed the
smaller powers' cause.
Von Biebersteln was the man chosen
to wreck the compulsory arbitration
proposition, and he looked after the
kaiser's interests well.
His reward will be the German
ambassadorship to England when
Prine Metternich retires. Barbosa is
expected to be the next president of
Brazil. He Is vice president now.
The British delegation took the
booby prize. Sir Edward Frye, Sir
Henry Howard and Lord Reay planned
to run the conference, blacklisting any
antl-unlversal arbitration power as a
menace to the world's peace.
They were repeatedly out-maneu
vered by Von Biebersteln, and return
ed home with less prestige than when
they arrived. #
WITH $10,625,000,000 CAPITAL.
Amount Concerned In Production of
A capital of $10,625,000,000 Is directly
concerned in the raising of meat ani
mals and their slaughtering and pack
ing, according to a report on meat sup
ply issued by the department of agri
culture. This amount Is five-sixths as
large as all the capital invested In
manufacturing In 1904. The stock of
meat animals has increased since 1840,
but has not kept pace with the in
creased population. The report adds:
"That meat consumption per capita
has declined in this country since 1840
Is plainly indicated."
How Important meat Is In the diet
of different countries is shown in the
following meat consumed per capita In
1904, In dressed weight: United
States, 185 pounds; United Kingdom,
121 pounds; Australia, 263 pounds;
New Zealand, 212 pounds; Cuba, 124
pounds; Prance, 79 pounds; Belgium,
70 pounds; Denmark, 76 pounds; Swed
en, 62 pounds; Italy, 66 pounds.
PEACE TALK, $3,000,000.
Coat Include* 317 Dinners at The
The Hague, Oct. 23. —Now that the
international peace conference has
closed it is Interesting to study some
of the figures which have been pre
pared on the cost of the four months'
session. The general expenses of all
the delegates are estimated at $2,970,
000, of which $523,000 was spent to pay
the cost of 317 dinners. The amount
spent by the various delegations, the
press associations and Individual news
papers for telegraphic tolls amounted
to $225,072. More than a million
words of press matter concerning the
conference were sent out.
Ban on Week-End Wedding*.
Bishop Canevin placed the ban on
Saturday and Sunday marriages of Ro
man Catholics In the Pittsburg dio
cese. Ouly by his permission can mar
riages be celebrated on the two named
This order is the result of many
scenes of dfoorder, often ending in
bloodshed, at the weddings of foreign
ers. but will apply with equal force
to English-speaking Catholics.
YEAR 1906 PRODUCED
SILVER PRODUCTION EQUALED
THAT OF PRECEDING
George E. Roberts, who retired from
the position of director of the mint on
August X, 1907, has completed compila
tion of the statistics on production of
gold and silver in the various states
and territories of the United States for
the calendar year 1906. Mr. Roberts
estimates the production of gold in the
United States during the calendar year
1906 to have been 194,373,800, as
against $88,190,700 for the calendar
year 1905, a net gain in 1906 of $6,193,-
110. The principal gain was In Alaska,
which amounted to $6,439,500. Ne
vada's gain in gold w«b $3,919,500, Ore
gon's $75,200, Tennessee $22,300, Ari
zona, $55,800 and Virginia $5300. The
greatest loss of gold in any state was
in Colorado, where there was a de
crease of $2,766,700. The next largest
loss shows Montana, with a loss of
$367,300. California lost $364,200,
Washington $267,000, Idaho $300,000
and Wyoming $18,000. The total num
ber of Bne ounces of gold produced
The total production of silver in the
United States during the calendar year
Ifo6 was given as 56,517,9uu fine
ounces of the commercial value of $38,
256,400, as against 56,101,600 fine
ounces of the commercial value of $34,-
221,976 in 1905. The net gain in the
production of silver during the calen
dar year 1906 In Arizona was £63,500
ounces, California, 135.500, It'aho 710,-
600 and Utah 1,188,200. The loss in
the production of silver during the
year in Montana was 914,400 ounces
and in Colorado 495,400 ounces.
The average price of silver for the
calendar year 1905 was $0,617 an
ounce, as against $0.67531 for the cal;
cndar year 1906.
The approximate distribution made
by Mr. Roberts of the production of
the states and territories of gold and
sliver for 1906 is as follows:
Gold fc..ver, fine
State— value. ounces.
Alaska $21,305,100 203,500
Vrizona 2,747,100 29,689,200
California 18,832,900 1,517,900
Colorado 22,934.400 12,447,400
daho 1,035,700 8,836,200
Montana 4,522,000 12.500,300
Nevada 9,278,600. 5,207,600
Jew Mexico .. 266,600 4 53,600
)regon 1,320.100 90,700
Itah 5,130,900 11,508,000
Washington .. 103,000 42,1 SO
Wyoming 5,700 1,100
HEAD-ON COLLISION AT
' ACCIDENT OCCURRED ON SHARP
CURVE IN WILD HORBE
Pendleton, Ore., Oct. 20. —A dis
astrous bead-on wreck on the Pasco-
Pendleton branch of the Northern Pa
cific railroad occurred two miles north
' of Pendleton Bhortly before noon Sat
urday. A* a result of the accident, Fire
man Charles Bennett is dead, Engi
neer O. W. Wise is badly injured, while
Express Messenger Prfngle Is hurt
about the head. The wreck occurred
on a sharp curve in Wild Horse can
The southbound branch mixed train
was running swiftly down grade to
ward Pendleton and met a lone en
gine, No. 1366, headed north. The en
gines crashed together on the curve
just a moment after the engineers
saw the danger, making It Impossible
to jump. The engine of the mixed
train was smashed to splinters, the
rear end being jammed half way
through the head of the freight car.
Engine 1366 was likewise badly shat
tered, but, as It was running back
ward, It made the position of the en
glnemen less hazardous.
Following the wreck, No. 1366
coasted a half mile down the track
before being stopped. The mixed
train carried two passenger coaches
well filled. The passengers were
badly Jarred, but none were Injured.
Fireman Bennett was. caught In the
cab, both legs being badly crushed and
otherwise terribly injured. He died
at St. Anthony's hospital at 7 o'clock
in the evening. Engineer Wise was
not seriously hurt, but Engineer Howe,
on the northbound engine, was struck
In the head, causing him to rave sev
The wreck was caused through mis
take on the part of Engineer Howe,
he had orders to take his engine
north, and left at 11 o'clock, Intend
ing to run to the siding near Helix
and pass the southbound train. On
Fridays the mixed train makes a side
trip to Athena, reaching here at 12:30,
whereas, on other days It arrives at
10:30. Howe left, believing the day
CAN SEE NOTHING BUT CHANLEIt
The Press Agents at New York Are
Lewis Stuyvesant Chanter is going
to have things all his own way at the
next democratic national convention,
so his enthusiastic press agents sa>.
Here is the program these press agents
have mapped out:
Date of convention, second week in
Temporary chairman, Governor Hoke
Smith of Georgia.
Permanent chairman, former Secre
tary of State Richard Olney.
Chairman of next national commit
tee. former Senator Turner of Spokane,
Secretary of same, Frank H. Mor
gan. Washington newspaper man.
Sergoant-at-arms of convention and
committee. "Billy" Watson of Tam
To the woods. Chairman Taggart,
Secretary Woodson and Sergeant-at-
Arms Martin of the present national
Victory, Tuesday after first Monday
ii November, 1908.
Chanler rooters profess great glee
over the Ryan traction merger expose.
They say it has done their candidate a
world of good.
Ryan never liked Chanler, they ex
plain, but had planned to give Parker
or former Governor Francis of Mis
souri the nomination.
Under the circumstances the press
agents don't believe any one will pay
any attention to what Ryan wants.
MINES AND MINING.
The old Pilot Bay smelter near Nel
son, B. C„ built in 1890, is being torn
down, much of the machinery being
used in the Blue Bell mine.
The Dominion Copper company,
though it has closed Its smelter, will
continue the work of enlarging its
plant, though the mines will remain
closed while the copper market is In
Its present condition.
The big ledge on the Mlzpah mine
in the Hcodoo district, Idaho, has
been cut at considerable depth by a
425-foot crosscut. At last accounts
four feet of rich ore was opened up,
the second wall not yet being In sight.
The Hewitt Mining company, operat
ing the famous Hewitt mine In Brit
ish Columbia, has decided to adopt the
electro-cyanide process Invented by
John R. Parks of Spokane. The pro
cess. Is said to save 90 per cent of
There Is much speculation among
mining men of Spokane as to whether
or not F. Augustus Helnze has taken
up his $200,000 option on the big Mc-
Klnley copper mine In Franklin camp,
A gigan'ic mining deal, said to in
volve an pendlture of at least $8,-
000,000, h just been consummated,
It is stated, whereby Charles Sweeny,
the Spokane millionaire, has sold to
the Guggenheim insterests the famous
Big Buffalo jnine in the Buffalo Hump
district In central Idaho.
In the Coeur d'Alenet.
It Is reported that 27 of the men
have beeen laid off at the Pittsburg
mine on Nine Mile creek.
It Is reported that stringers of rich
ore are being cut in the long lower
tunnel on the Snowstorm property.
Harry Bordwell has purchased of
Joseph Qulrke all interest In the Home
Fraction lode claim on Placer creek.
The consideration la unknown.
A contract has been let for a 250-
foot extension of the 600-foot lower
tunnel on the Silver cAle property.
All winter supplies are laid In.
The Snowstorm leaching plant has
been closed down, and about 59 men
have been discharged. The force at
work In the mine remains the same.
The Belmont Mining company has
let to John Mlchels a contract for a 50-
foot extension of the drift on Its
property. The tunnel is In about 600
The Pandora company has yet 600
feet to go with ita lower tunnel before
the ledge will be cut. The rock in the
face of the crosscuts, however, heavi
It ia'reported that a deal Is pending
for the leasing of the upper workings
of the Bell mine near Gem. Much
rich ore Is exposed in the upper work
ings, but pay ore has not yet been
found at depth.
Eaatern Oregon Mines.
Development work at the Golden
Fleece mine on Beaver creek, Grant
county, has been suspended until after
the first of the year.
J. B. Wetherell has a force of 15 men
at work at his Gold Center placers,
building a new ditch, which will great
ly increaae the water supply.
At least two men will be employed
at the Monumental mine near Granite
all winter, retlmberlng the old work
ings and putting the property into
shape for active work in the spring.
A. J. Dickson Is already packing
next summer's supplies to his Glade
creek placers on North Fork, hauling
being easier at this time of year than
in the spring immediately after the
snow is gone.
Slade Is New N. P. Manager.
The resignation of Harry J. Horn,
asi general manager of the Northern
Pacific railroad, and the appointment
of George T. Slade, son-in-law of J. J.
Hill, to succeed him, Is officially an
Fight for Life of King.
Vienna, Oct. 20.—Emperor Francla
Joseph has now been ill nearly three
weeks and while he has made some
Improvement, his condition is not en
Seed Corn Bflevlloa,
That pretty cars are not always the
tiest seed corn has been shown by the
experiments at the Ohio Station. They
selected twenty-four extra tine ears,nil
of the same variety. The seed of tliesi'
were planted, each ear In a row by It
self, and thinned to three stalks ill a
bill, so that each ear had the same
ohance as Its neighbor. One ear out of
the twenty-four yielded at the rate of
114 bushels per acre, another 112 and
a third 104 bushels, while other ears
made fifty-five, sixty-five and seventy
seven bushels per acre. The row that
made the smallest yield had fifty-eight
barren stalks. The row next to the
highest had fifteen barren stalks, and
the row that made sixty-five busn«ls
had fifty-two barren stalks. The cars
were all of equal appearance and of
equal germinating quality. The re
sults show very pl.-hily that what we
have been for years Insisting upon, that
the breeding of corn In the field, the
removal of disturbing Influences about
it, and the working toward an Id.'al
plant as a whole, a plant of productive
character rather than big ears, are all
of far more inqwirtance than the sejec
tlon of fine ears by the score card
withobt any knowledge of the breeding
of the corn. Selection of the largest
ears tends towardslngle-earproductlon,
for It Is a law of nature that when we
Increase the size of the Individual- fruit
of any plant we will decrease the num
ber of fruits, and when we Increase
the number we decrease the size of
the individual fruits. Itut It has also
been shown that a stalk with two or
more medium-sized ears of corn will
make more corn than a stalk with one
big ear. In a test made for the yield
of grain, one snmple was from a sin
gle-eared plant, one from a two-eared
one, one from a three-eared one and
one from a four-eared one, and the
quantity of corn shelled Increased ex
actly with the number of ears on the
plant. The breeding In the fleld to
breed out barren stalks Is the essential
matter In developing the productive
character of the corn, and the liest
car* are merely relative and not by
any means the largest.
Simple fHanglitfrlnK Outfit.
Figure 1 shows a big galvnnlxed Iron
washttih set u|k>ii a few bricks piled up
for the occasion. A small Are can be
no. I—TUU urn IILATINU WATES.
built beneath,which will,of course,melt
off the coating of zinc on the bottom
of the tub, but this will do no great
barm. Such a tub costs about 75 cents,
and can lie purchased anywhere.
Fig. 2 Is the table and hogshead for
TIG. 2. —SLAUOIITEatNQ TAtItJC AND VAT.
scalding und taking oil hair, scraping,
rio. 3—fsa ajewobk fob SMOKE OL'TFIT.
Fig. 3 !h the framework on which to
build the smoking box.
Potatoes for Plaatlav.
In digging f>otatoes, known to be
pure seed and of the same variety, fre
quent variations may often be noticed.
Some of these nre due only to differ
cnces of soil, but others nre true
"sports/ 'and will reproduce their kind
If planted another year. If these
"sports" are usually productive and
valuable they should be carefully
«aved for planting. In this way some
if the best varieties of potatoc* have
Ween originated, one or two kinds of
.►te rose iK'lntf prominent instances.
The strawberry propagates Itself In'
two ways—«by runners and by seed. If
the runners are kept from rooting, the;
vine will make an effort to reproduce'
! Itself from seed (production of berries).
In the spring, and some horticulturist*
have given as their opinion that if the
vines are not allowed to throw out run-'
ners In the summer there will be no
loss of vitality by the old plants, and
B the matter intended to l»e converted In
to runners will be stored In the plants
and converted Into fruit when the
proper time arrives. The first thing to
do after harvesting the crop Is to thor
oughly clean between the rows and
pull out the weeds between the plants
In the rows, so as to give the beds Iho
benefit of the hoe ns much as possible.
Moisture is always beneficial to straw
berry plants, and the ground Should bo
worked deep at first anil then kept
loose on the surface until late in the
fall, when the vines may be mulched.
Burning the beds should be done when
the ground Is frozen. This, It Is claim
ed, will enable the plants to begin anew
In the spring, the old plants being'
thereby Invigorated, the ashes provid
ing potash, and the sc<m!s of weeds de
stroyed. Loaves, straw or other ma
terials may be placed over the plants
before winter sets In, to remain as a
mulch until early In the spring. Fer
tilizer is applied both Just after har
vest ami enrly In the spring. Potted
plants are runners that are grown In
pots, close to the parent plants, each
runner being separated from Its parent
when It Is well rooted In the pot. It
Is transplanted from the pot to the
In one ton of ashes from bituminous
coal are 8 pounds of potash, 0 jtounds
of phosphoric acid, 08 pounds of Mine
* and a large proportion of waste mat
ter. Coal ashes are said to be about
n equal to clay, and are nearly of the
same composition. They possess little
or no value as a fertilizer, but servo
p to assist light, sandy sells to retain
* moisture, answering the same purpose
" as clay. The percentage of potash and
* phosphoric acid contained Is too small
' In quantity to pay for hauling and
p spreading coal ashes on the ground as
' a fertilizer. If any benefit Is derived
* It Is due to the mechanical effect of the
" ashes on the soil and as an absorbent
t Storing Potatoes.
y There Is more loss storing potato#*
than in storing any other crop. Barring
all waste from rot, there Is a heavy
shrinkage, both In quantity and weight,
n A bin holding KM) bushels will show a
p shrinkage of nearly one-tenth, besides a
e greater loss in weight. A bushel basket
- full that will weigh fully sixty pound*
in October, when taken from the soil,
will not weigh so much after being
stored in the cellar during tiie winter.
The shrinkage In weight Is much less
when kept In pits closely covered with
earth, for there is then less chance for
To a careful observer II In ''lonr that
t horses are now l) (, tter classified than
n formerly. Tliuh the horse Unit In bent
( adapted to road purposes Ik placed nt
, such work, nnil the horse (hat la suited
best to the plow mill heavy luiullng has,
r lih own proper work unsigned. Ilcnce
- the advantage of breeding for a pur
pose. The innn who iiiuki'H the best
success of rearing homes In the one who
elearly understands the situation, and
breeds what if most deniable for his
Ora.lnv on Rrt,
The prsctb-e of turning cows on
young rye In the full la a good one, but
when tbe gtaund la very wet damage
may result. Graxlng the rye cauaea It
to stool, and the young rye provides
late green food; but, while tlie rye field
may be used for cows In the fall, they
should not l>e turned on too early la
the spring. It does not do so much
. harm for cows to change from grass to
' rye, aa It does from dry food In tba
spring to young rye.
Kvery farmer should have s few
sheep, In order to save mtn-h of the ma
terial grown that may be wasted. Sheep
will eat a great many plants which cat
tle reject, and they graze closer to the
ground. Young and tender weeds are
delicious to sheep, and they, therefore,
assist In ridding the fields of such pests.
A small flock of mutton sheep should be
kept, If for no other purpose tban to
supply tbe family with choice meat.
Kmplbi A.lmla In Coadltloa.
If the animals are allowed to run
' down In flesh It will be a loss to the
, farmer, as be Is then compelled to re
store them to tbelr original condition
before he makes a gain. At the same
time, there Is a wasle of many daya,
1 as tbe animals are below their normal
condition, which Is lost time that can
. never be regained.
Fred In ir Cabbage to Poultry.
The small and Inferior cabbages are
■ valuable as food for poultry, and will
lie highly relished In winter wh-n
green food Is scarce. They are easily
bandied, ns tbe heads require no cut
ting, the fowls picking them to pieces
and consuming tbem down to tbe