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land as will b3 offered. These circulars show each
tract of lanrt that has been applied for and will be
mailed to any inquirer upon request. These descrip
tions not only show the geographic location of tho
land applied for, its location relative to county, sec
tion, township and range, but also show the land's
character, whether or not it is susceptible to irriga-
Whither Are We Drifting ?
In its issue of December 23rd 1920 the Advertiser
Journal of Kent, Washington ran the following story,
which is herewith reproduced as a matter of historic
information first for the readers hereof and secondly
for editorial comment. Tho article is well written and
from the average Colored man's view point is unusually
fair. Here is the story:
"The best and largest yield of wheat ever exhibited,
grown in western Washington. It sounds like a real
estate folder. And yet at the World's Centennial Ex
position held in Philadelphia in 1876, W. O. Bush, son
of George Bush, one of the first sutlers on Puget Sound,
won the gold premium for wheat he grew on Bush
Praine, just south of Olympia to this day the wheat
is praserved in the Smithsonian Institute.
This record of great wheat yiold is a part of the
history of one of the families that came to the Northwest
and had that quality that made thetn successful here.
George Bush was the first colored man to come to this
part of the country, the forerunner of th& large number
of useful citizens of his race who have followed with
the increasing population. He was born in Pennsylvania
in 1814, and with his wife from Tennessee started west
Before coming west with his family, Bush had made
a trip to this country with a number of companions,
coming north along the coast from the Mexican border
and suffering from the innumerable hardships of the
trail, hunger and Indians. Ha must have liked the
prospects, for it was only a short time later that we
find him again headed in this direction in company with
a number of other hardy pioneers.
The character that made him face the privations
of immigration ingratiated him with his companions.
There was an unwritton law in Oregon at that time
that no colored people should be allowed to settle in
that territory. When the group of which Bush was a
member approached the Columbia river country and
learned of the rule it was decided that if any one attemp
ted to molest Bush all of the members of the company
would fight to protect him.
The practice in Oregon was to whip the colored man
and if he left after the whipping it was all right and
nothing farther was done, but if he did not take advan
tage of the opportunity to escape he was whipped again
and again until he either left or died.
There is not any record of an attempt being made
to molest Bush, who, with his companions, stayed at the
Dalles for several months and later at Wauhougal at
the mouth of the cowlitz. The following year—lß46 —
they came on to Puget Sound and settled at the head of
Budds Inlet at the falls of the DesChutes and founded
the town of New Market, now Tumwater.
CAYTON'S MONTHL V
tion and its distance from the nearest town.
There is still a vast area of state lands ready for
the coming of the industrious person who can ap
preciate an opportunity to get back to nature, to live
in the great out-doors and to make a comfortable and
Those who made up this party were Micheal T.
Simmons, James McAllister, David Kindred, Gabriel
Jones and Bush. The' latter decided not to settle right
in Tumwater and went back onto the prairie land about
four miles and took up a donation claim of 640 acres.
It was on that claim that the prize wheat was grown
by his oldest son thirty-two years later. There on that
claim Bush died in 1863, while the great war for the
freedom of his race was being waged. His widow follow
ed him two years later.
Of their six sons, the state has heard a great deal.
The oldest, W. O. Bush, was born before the couple
left Missouri on their way w.st, and got the hard training
of the pioneer. He took to farming and that he worked
the prairie land where his father had settled for all it
was worth is shown by thj crop he took to Philadelphia.
The soil of that section is a black sandy loam on a
gravel base. The soil is not too thick in some parts and
has a tendency to drain, particularly during the hot,
Shortly after the formation of the state Bush was
elected a member of the 1 .igislature and served two
terms during 1890 and 1892. His record in the law-making
body was an honorable one and that he was highly re
spocted by the people of Thurston county was shown
when they sent him to the Chicago world's fair in 1893
to look after the county's agricultural exhibit.
The above bit of historical information has been
known to the editor of Cayton's for more than a quarter
of a century and yet this is the first time it has appeared
in print from the pen of any white person. The second,
third and fourth generations of Georgd Bush the colored
pioneer, are still numerous in and about Olympia,
whose more or less swarthy complexions have long
since been accredited io Indian rather than Negro blood.
And now the question arises, is not, this the absolute
solution of the much mooted race problem of the United
States of North America? As did Mr. Bush so have
multiplied hundreds of others done not only in the north
west, but all over this country, until thd- white population
has become badly honeycombed with persons of white
and colored parentage that it is next to impossible to tell
who is your neighbor. Even in the south, where reigns
a perpetual war against th?'. social equality of the
Colored and the White folks there are many skeletons
of the Uni ed States, at, what was termed the psyschosc
logical moment of the campaign, the white purity of
In the recent National Campaign for the presidency
in the closets, as to tho parentage of some of the leading
Warren G. Harding's blood was questioned and by no
less a personage than his own father-in-law but
Harding seemed to be, and verily was, the man that the