Newspaper Page Text
" 11. W. THOMAS, EDITOR.
TERM!) OF SUBSCRIPTION.
i Aiw r..M.no
If paid within six mnnths... ....... ;.,..'l,fiO
If delayed Baltl the nef lb year, $3,00
FRIDAY., JULY 8, 1855.
HON. MEREDITH V. O ENTRY,
r BcJford County.
GEN. F. K. 20LL1COFFEIW
' CO!.: E. B. OIIEATJIA1TV
HERMAN COX, ,
of Datldsoa.- .
M. D. DAVIE,
of Montgomery. .
'. it I amusing-to ee to what traits th
nil-American ar drlvon, lo- trhv ri mk -
cbow ,rln w V"1 U It ii iilf
nafd, by some. ! K,mn party can
uuimng toward checking1 the growth of
foreign innuence, because the FedirapConet.
autlon stand at right angles to iU cour and
appose an lneupersblo barrier. And what is
lliia obstacle r Why, the Const kutfon declares
that, in the apportionment of Representative!
and direct taxes, all free white persons shall
be counted, andbirof"re. the foreigners csn
not be excli-""1' 0(' lhat so Itnnr i - ... i
rided in the count, the number of Represen
tative must be In a ratio with their-numerical
r,rength. This proposition no one has denied;
but the inference drawn from it does not n ,;.
sartiy luYlow. To Illustrater-The Constitution
reju.ires that three-fifthsof the slaves a!l
be counted j but wnii Mhls addition Fed
eral bssli of representation increase the num
ber of Representees of the South, the slaves
do not vote, and no peculiar viuwaof iheira
can influence the National legislation. So too,
If the foreigners be included in the count, but
excluded from the polls, their Influence will
cease to be felt, except in the increase of North-
or.ireprenentatisc8.aiMl if these be true-hearted
Americans, no evil c.n'grow out of the Indirect !
influence thus exerted. It is no' l"
of Northern members of Congress that the
South or the Union 10 f0r but the radicsl,
disorgaiiliiji anti-slavery sentiments Hans
mittcd toCiJ"grois through tbeamodlum of the
ballot-box. Cut off these sentiments by closing
tho polls saiiit-t them, so fsr as they are of
foreign Importation, restrict the right of suffrage
to native Americans, and to tho already natur
alized chitons, and wo have little to foar from
foreigners, beyond thoir ability, by association,
to vitiate the morals and buu the opinions of
those nstivee who msy be prelnclined, by na'
lure or the force of circumstances, to adopt
wild snil revolutionary political heresies- To
accompliuh its purposes, the American psrty
aks no amendment of the constitution; "the
constitution as it Is," is their motto, and under
its provisions, are found ail the powers necei -nary
to eradicate tho evils of which the parly
complains, and under which the cruntry groan,.
Hut again, it is arguod that tho Stato-f j,ive
the power to naturalizo alione, and that the
repeal of the naturalize Ion laws, by Congresp,
con sfTord no remedy ; therefore the remedy is
only to bo found in Stato leg'wlatlon, and, of
ccurso, any attoinpt to make this movrment a
national ono, Is all flummery. Not so fast,
gentlemen ! tho d c trine that the Slates possess
authority over this subject, si fsr from bolng
HOttled, is positively repudiated by Kent ai.d
Story in their Commentaries, and both of these
distinguished jurists explicitly doclare that the
authority to naturalize aliens, is vested exclu
sively in Congress. And to placo the justice
tif their opinion beyond all cavil, they enume
rate tho (lungers and inoonvenlenccs ol the
power to natnrallzo, as cxneixod by the scpe
rsto States under tho old Con federal Ion, and
show, by reference to the Federalist and to the
anion of the framers of the Constitution, that
thow dnngors and inconvenience promptod lUe
turrc'iiJar of the exclusive ppwsr to Congress,
nml thst without objection or debate.. Then,
upon this hiti authority, we alllrra that the
authority to pssa a uniform rule of aaturaliza
t'.sa is exclusively grsntod to Congress by the
constitution i end can a power, unconditionally
lianfured still be a reserved power t Surely
not i uid we apprehend that the unquestioned
rihv.uf s State to deteimino the qualifications
of its votors, i) a been -mistaken for the pnvnor
to inaKe cltlzoiia vy me prooc ui" naturllza-
I ion two didtinct powers, the one reserved, the
other clearly delegated; In confirms' Ion of
tho fact lint tho power to naturalise la Tsstcd
eveliwively In Congress, twenty eight Ststes
admit nnne to tho polls who are not citizens of
the IT. S'atcs, thorby affirming the exclusive
rlhl of Congress to make citrons of aliens.
Wo grant that it Is conceded, by some who
are entitled to much consideration, thai a repes I
of the nat usalir.il ion laws will vest In the
Siaus ell the power granted to Congress, over
this subject ; but It is clear, from their res'
nnlngi tltsi tl ddcUlons alluded to, are based
up. u the sop posit in n that the Foderal and State
givero nents hive concurrent jurisdiction over
ilie suhjsct. On this point of concurrent au
thority, ws citeilie o In ioa In tho case of Prlrg
v i the Oomin.inwealth of Pcnxylvsma, la IcHj.
Tlie p iiit iimler conUorttion is the consilium
tionality of s.Stntn law that is in caafUct with
the Ft'Mcrsl provli us for tho reclamation of
fugitives fVom service, but the principle laid
i!.m n ii a ronoral one, and appllcatle to at)
i'ism niv ilvhif; the qintlon of concurrent an
n'i '! !ir i nmotit liere is that there is no
concurrent authority, between the State of
Ponsylvania and the federal government, on
thi particular point, hnt supposing thaO tiers
Is, the argument proceeds
, "Hut admit it to be concurrent ; the princiv
pie is too wel' estsbUalied to admit ar argument
nai, m case oi in is sine, wnvra intr ia eui
naav MiiMt miliar tJ laarialatlon. the eoncnr
rent power of the States is wholly suspended
by the Moral power. The doctrine in Houston
vs Moore, 6, Wheston's Re p. 1, is this, that
where Congress bis exercised It power on a
given subject, the State power over the same
subject, which has before been concorient. Is
by that exorcise wholly prohibited. In other
ords, wherever Coiigrc exercises a concur,
rent power, k U l rfet exclusl-e power
over r particular euect matter of that power.
from the foregoing canton, K wlil be seen
tliat even a ennenrrstit power Y tlie. flutes, is
a prohibited power when Congress exercises
ha rlchut In the aroe direction How nvch
more absolute then, must be the ath"y of
Congress, where the grant of power are so
cxlueivo that llio Metes ea maks no- show or
aright to concurrent jsrlsdictlen-1 Such an
absolute right is the power to naturalize,
we will proceed to p. I I law down-In
the case of Houston Moore, 5 Who at on, 1,
12, 40.' that
rThe powers rranted to Ubntrress are not
exclusive of si. nil sr powers existing-la the
states, unless when the constitution has ex
pressly l terms given an exclusive power to
Uinjrress, or the ecercUe or a like power h
prohibited1 to the MMe. or there Is a direct
wjtgr-iaey or 'Kai. u e exercle -
" " 'OS Stalra. .
The ciainru Xfifa ru.ialasa is to ba found
in-the exclusive ktrisb-uon deletrated to Con
gress over Usees pu-nsssd by the consent of
(be LeffisiaitH of ire state in which the same
hspcen to be. for Lifts, arsenals, dockyards &e.
Of the second els the prohibition of a state
to coin monev. or emit bills of credit. Of the
thi-rd clsss. the ower to establish a w -form
rule of nattairsatlon, and' the delegstjon ef
auiuirsity ara maraume jurUdiction.
"in all other classes of caaaa, the states have
eoc'urrent authority with Congress."
.. This 'Pinion of the Federal Court is to the
point, aait- sssms to settle the prluc!plov thst
the pwfv Ito'iyturallze foreigners does not
belong to the Stat even '- e event that the
naturalization awirire repealed. AnJsnonlJ
(Ingres declare, lv formal resolution, thst it
' Inexpedient longer to extend to aliens the
high privilego of Jie elective francliise,- that
act would be such to exercise of the power
vested in-that body, ss must proclusO anv ae.
tlon of tho States, in the same direction, even
had tSey concurrent authority over the subiect.
And that they have r0 iuch concurrent power,
we prove by the additonab opinion r In the case
of Chirac vs Chi
4. TL .
the roF"" .i?'"'
e nu.no.,".,St,.ess." "
Hut, admitting tiat ivo ,ra mistaken in tu
co.,CIU.,ons to whhh these authorities and the
common, sonse of tie thing have brought us,
still the constiutlon throws no obsteclo In the
way of tho progrest ofthe American party,
. .. r. w auuui n uioany uie naturalize-
thn laws be vested n the States, the oartv will
Bttam its-ends througi the- actlon of the State
Jgismiures; " o ln Congress, there
win iis exercise bo etforced. and if it be in
both, then shall betb-lonl their aid to-the sun.
pressloo ofthe evils greatng out of the fore ten
Clements engrafted upon the administrative
policy of our government. But the power is
In Congress, and they won contend thst it is
not, do so in the fsco of the constiutlon and the
decisions of Federal Court; and with the hop
oi impairing confidenco ia the- natienaliir of
uie American party, they cry out that Congress
Has no such povnr, and thoro is no remody.
We had -supposed that every man of common
sense does know- that there Is a remedy, for
every evil that afflicts the body politic, so far at
(east, aa It may be cured by the enactment of
wholesome laws; and upon the supposition of
tins Itmltod information, It woo deemed a waste
of Ume to point out tho self-evident means by
which the contemplated ends may be reached.'
No remedy, forsooth!' Already have we
riiown how foreigners may be kept from the
ballot box, and if that should prove an inefficient
remedy for the evil if they continue to swarm
o our shores In crowds that threaten to overrun
the country, there is a ppwer In- Congress to
impose a hosd tsx, snd by its exercise, pau
pers and criminals can bo kept off, and, if need
be, ll caa be so extendod as to prohibit imrnt
gratisn altogether. Here are remedies enongh.
0$r We hereby notify all the Sag Nlcht
orators that they are invited1 to attend all the
appointments of tVie American party, wheroan
opportunity will be given them to proclaim
their anti-American doctrines. We challenge
discussion before the people, and fear not their
verdict. Come out, ye workers of iniquity,
from the dirk'alPeye into which you drag your
victims, and face the pub! is.
BAnnEcua and Spbaxino. The American
Farty will have a barbecue at Guntous Old
Mill, in this County, on Thursday the 10th of
tins month, and Bklvrdau's Spring, in this
Gounly, on Ssturday the 21st of th'x month,
when- A. Kobb, Jamos E. Bailey, James M.
Quarlos, O, A. Henry, John F. House, anj
others will addrosu their fellow citizens.
The Auti-Amerlcso rty, with their spea
ker are invited to be present also the several
fjr Mr. L. W. tJarth, near Trenton, Ky.,
has an Imported Cotswold buck, and sn Oxford
shire and Bakewell ewe. In two successive
yearsr the buck yielded HJ and Im pounds of
wool.' "uh animals are worth having, and we
are pleased to learn that they are being Intro
duced Into this vicinity. Wool la a highly
Important staple, and theegb nsglectod, csn be
grown In great abundance and perfection in
Graham's Magazine for Jill W, contains
the first chapter of 'The Wigwsm ia the Wil
derness.' a sporting storr. by Frank Forester,
snd a beajtlful lale by Mha . L. dishing-.
Tho entire- number is replete with Interest.
Tie price of thW Msgsine is three dollars for
a ainglo copy; five dollars fr two, and ten
tlolIsM for sit copies.
ftrOa hft Monday, C1, Cheatham adilres-l
. . t i t . ... . .
sea the people here, and made i dV;V Vn
prenlon. Hit frank , ejja man)"' bearing wo
the confidence of bis herer, ra bis honesty and
patriotism, and bbv speech establisbed for him
a character uin of Intellect and a ready
debet'- Tb Colonel has won golden opini
ons wherever he has sppeared, e&d will bring
out the full strength of the- party, and a good
deal more. R. V. Humphreys Esq., who baa
consented to suffer martyrdom, for the ske of
the Inglorious and anti-American eause of Sag
Niohtlsm, will find himself in the bands of one
eminently qualified to- prepare the victim for
Mr. M. D. Parte, fur fewer branch of the
Ueneral Assembly, followed Col. Cheatham,
and, iK him, took his stand'upon the Ameri
can Pltform. We sball attempt no review cf
either speeh. because- t" principles of the
psrty have been Vu tubroughly and ably dis
cussed that the pivMie la familiar with- afl the
iesding topics which enter into h discussion
And here we tske tho liberty of ssying to
Mr. iivie that he most shake off that ember
raasing diffidence which, deprives him of hie
preenee of mind, and' thereby r of the power to
do himself justice. He is a young man of ve,
ry fine son,e-, and lacks nothing but conftdetce
to eoable him to do the fullest justice to boti
himself snd hie caosei " ''
Wbeu Mr. Davie conoUvVd, J. E. Calloy
Esq, waecaHedto the sund, and ater atatbg
Vt.'jJtf - &'aatiueiuter of tint America party
IimiIkmH limn an Muoillnn nf ,1.. .1...
. I y.jiwi.iun VI . IU iwwim Mia,
have- influenced bun to act wilh that psrty
He addressed himself to-the foreign question,
nly, and rarely have we listened to a more
compact, logical and lucid argument. The
facts, taken from the Census table end other
sources, he linked tojether with great skill,
sod wrought Into a chain of argument of great
Mr. W. B. Mamfurd' was', then called op,
anf spoke a law minutes only, but very pertl
nently and happily, and the crowd dispersed,
full of zeal fur thise great principles which are
ast cementing, into one mass of brotherhood,
the good; the wise, the patriotic of all parties,
Jesveing the political tricksters and their tools
exposed to the fire of a rapidly concentrating
OT The following is the oath administered
to Uie Catholic order of Jesuits, and every man
who reads ii, must see that they who lake it,
are totally unfit f be citizens of a free gov
ernment. Our country Is full of Jesuits, In all
eorts of disguises, snd thoy are ever active in
their labors to-make good the oath they have
Jss'xts' Oath: "T, A. B", rrow in the pres.
enco of Almighty God, the blessed Virgin Ma
ry, the blessed Michael the Arcliansel, the
o , j on n Baptist, tlie t.oly apostles St.
Mur .no oi. I ., and lha Min,a lruJ iacred
host of heaven, ana u 0u my ghostly father do
"v"n'1 " neari, wnnout mental reserv
ation, that pope Gregory is Christ's Vicsr Gen
ersl, and is tho true and only Uadortbe uni
verssl church throughout the earth ; tnd that
It as s l . C l.. 1. . . t a t i .
"i " eya oi tinuing and loosing,
given to his Holiness by Jesus Christ, he hath
POWER TO DEPOSa MJCSTteAL IXC,-?aiKCt3J
..ajt, wmmiawiillllJ, AD GOVE8NMENTS,
w iiih ii,lhi, WfTHOuT HISSACRSO CON
sal A ION, AND THAI THir MAT SAFELY DC
DEsTROTSD; lliarefuie to lt9 utmnat of my pow
er, I will defend this doctrlno andhiaHoli,
ness's rights and customs against all usurpers
ui uis uoiBiiuai or pruiesiani suinorny whatso-
ever, espec rairy against tt now pretended su
thority and church in Ens-land, and all
rents, in reirard that thev be usumed add hra.
Ileal,-opposing the sacred mollier church of
" I BO KENODNCE AND EISOWl AWT AILEGI
ANCB AS DUK TO ANY HSRKTICAI KING, PRINCE,
OR STATE, NAMED TBOTESTANT, OR OBEDIENCE
TO ANY OF THElR INFERIOR MAGISTRATES OR Or
rtosiu. I do further declare the doctri nn nftiiA
church of England, of the Calvinists, Hugue-
M"i uiimr pruieaia3iB,4o do aamnaiiie, and
thooe to be damned who will not forsake the
same. I do further declare, that I will help,
assist; and advise all or any of his Holiness's
agents In any place icherever 1 shall bt; and do
my utmost to extirpate- tiro heretical protest
ants' doctrine, and todeslrov all their nretnnd.
ed powon legal or otherwise. I do further
promise and declare, that notwilhstsndins I am
disptnsed with to asiumeany religion hertical, for
tho propagation ofthe mother churchs' Interest,
to kecpieecrct and privato all her agents coun
sels, ss they entrust me, and not to divulgo, dr
roctlyor indirectly, by word, writing or cir
cumstance whatsoever, but to execute all
which shall be proposed, irlven in charcro. or
discovered unto me, by you my ghrwlly father,
or by one of this convent. All which I A. B.,
da swoar by tho blessed Trinity, snd blessed
sscrament, whtch I am now to receive, to per
form and on- my part to keep Inviolably; and do
oall the heavenly and glorious host of heaven,
to witness my roal intentions to keen, this mv
oath, in testimony hereof, I take this most ho
ly and blessed sacrament of the eucharist, and
witness the same further with my hand and
seal, ia the face of this holy convent."
OtT A correspondent ofthe True Whig giv
ing an account of the ratification meeting, In
Lebanon, thus speaks of our Townsman, J. F.
Mni. Donolson was followed by Jonn Pr.
UnVsE, Esq., of Clarksvllle, In one of the most
telling and effective speeches that it haa ever
been our good fortune to bear. It was a glori
ous effirt and kept the crowd In a perfect tip
roar. House Is a msn of fine ability and makos
a splendid speech. This was one of his hap
piest etr.rts. While Ssm has such standard
bearers, he need not fear. His principles with
such in-advocate must and will triumph.
07 Tlie 4th passed off very merrily hore,
but a press of business prevented us from ta
king part in the handsome eelebrstlon gotten
up by the tiro companies, and described in the
Local Column. At night, however, we went
to tho Court Houso, squoexed in and hesrd a
speech from Msj. Henry, In favor o the A
mcrican principles, which, In vigor, unity and
fervid eloquence, has rarely besn surpassed
anywhere. That speech was- 4th of July
enough for anybody,
04y- See tho card of Dr. McDanlol. His
eye-sight Is sufficiently rcstorod to enable Lim
to perform operations in Surgery, snd he of
fer hi professional services lo the public.
07" I o consequence of ill health, Judge El
lis lias retirod from the American Organ, aud
imtoccJd by W. M. Buiwell uf Va.
lrTi foll.Vlnff, front Brow nlow'e vVhig,
... . A . .. . i. . r..ii.M.
a clincher, "v" " 7 i lecimgs uu
truotloos oTno wn0 n vnto for Andrew
Johnson, who Is giving one hand to the iblitlon-
.1 .u. r ii j
ists and Uie other to the South, reaching a ftor
the Presidency, ile aspire to the Trvsldoncy,
and sell the South, to buy It!)
The Abolition Organ and dor.
The National By, the ofUCUI and national
organ ofthe AboliilonisU of the United Stales,
publiimed in WWiington Cjty, never let an
opportunity past unimproved, when-It can aay
anything to help alonj tho Abolition and Sag
AicU candidate fc Governor In this State. In
hat fanatiesi sttit, for January 5th, 1354, tha
IbHowmg editorial; notice appears:
Amendments ta tit- f!ovriTTrrior in.
drew Jbhnson, forinorly a most useful member
of the United Stat), House ofRepresentstlves.
nd now Governor of Tennessee, bss not for
goti.n the reforms which, while ln Wsshuifr.
ton, he arged with so much pertinacity. In
bis Incuroral mesBsira. kaalo. ...A.t.
the tiStriHlature tolnimt ii.a !&n.i. ..j ...
quest the Representatives ofthe State in Con
gresa to sastaia anfl urge the homestead policy,
beenbtnlts three amendments la th fnrW.l
oonstltiriton, which, be dosires to be brought to
uuueo oi wngi-ea. He nrnt proposes the
election of Pvudwt and Vice President by the
rpnhe, direetly, voting In Districts, to be form.
euia racn oiaie by the Legi-laturo thereof;
and that should no candidate have reael'sd a
majority of tho whole ' number ot voici, tne
name of the two llghrst be then submitted to
tno pcofU w ttiMjt, uitlrnate decision. The
second proposes that United States Senators
shall be chosen In the Ststes, by the people
thereof; Instead of the Letrlslsture, and the
third', thst the Supreme Judiciary be made elec
tive, we have olten signified our approval of
jrj one or mv roimsuere recommended; but,
while all the State constitutions are from lima
to time amended", so as to conform them to the
new conditions and better Ideas, a stubborn' and
blind conservatism shrinks from snv ornnrwl.
tion to change the fedsrsl constitution, although
the alterations proposed, Kthay could be voted
upon Dy me people, would be favorably sua
talned by" a decided majority.
Now, It wiirbe ssen, that the infamous Era
heartily approves" Vie recommendation in
relation lo the Federal Constitution, In his "In
augural messoge." -The real ground of his
hearty approval, is Johnson's appeal .to the
"VENERABLE FATHERS OF EAST TEN
NESSEE," not to suffer their "FAIR
DAUGHTERS CLASSED WITH THE. BIG.
BLACK, GREASY" NEGRO WENCHES of
Middle and West Tennessee!"
Can anything bo more disgusting thn to
hear these Jacobs' Ladder, converging Lines
Progressive Double distilled, Transcendental,
vote Yoursolf a Farm, wa'rranled-not-to-cut In
the eye, Johnsonian Democrats, talking about
Uie Abolitloi amtitics of Know Nothingirm !
Shame on the hypocrisy of these miserable Sag
Ohio Abolitionists and Gov. Johnson.
At a recent Democratic Slate Convention,
held In Columbus, Ohio, the following resolu
tion was adopted;
Remitted, That the people of Ohio, noie at
they have ahaaxn dfme, look upon slavery as an
evil, and unfavorable to th development of the
spirit and practical benefit of free instltoilnns,
ami -4..t.iikv.thasa swottnenls,-lhey
will at all tiroes feel it to be their duty to use
all power clearly given by the terms ofthe Na
tional Compact, to pnoreni its influence, to wrt'f-i-afe,and
Dually to eradicate ilsevilt."
In, a small weekly papjr styled the "Demo.
cratlc Herald," for June 10th, published at
Toledo, Ohio, in which the proceedings of this
same State Convention art given, the following
nolle of "Tennessee" appears;
An animated contest is goiniron in this pood
old Democratic State for Governor, and the
largest crowds flock to hesr the candidates that
ever attended political moetings since the He
ro of New Orleans" used to address the masses
In person. The present incumbent. Andrew
Johnson, Is tho Democratic candidate, snd a
Mr. Gentry, a jiwAvery renegade from the
Federal Whig ranks, is the opposing candidate.
brought out by a Know Notion? conclave.
This can Is on the stump abusing tho Catholics
snd denouncing them for their tyranny, while
ne openly advocates tne slavery doctrines of
aouinern JMggertUrm: un the other had, his
competitor, Gov. Johnson, well and favorably
known to our leading Democrats of Ohio, HAS
NO SYMPATHIES WITH SLAVERY, and
is the advocate of such amendments to the Fed
eral Constitution, ss will give sll power to the
people, snd EFFECTUALLY PUT' DOWN
THE INSTITUTION OF SLAVERY I"
Look at this, gentlemen ofthe South! True, j
yon may say that Gov. Johnson is not to be
held responsible for what an OSio Abolition pa
per rays. That might be, If the Governor
were not ' well- and favorably known to the
leading Dcmociats of Ohio, having no eytn-
palhiet uth elavery!" They served with him
in Congress and they know the man. Aye
they havo heard him in defense of his "White
Basis," which is as rsnk an Abolition position
as is the foregoing, resolution of tho Ohio State
The Massachusetts Kow Nothings.
The NatlonsI Know Nothing of Boston and
vicinity have adopted and ratified a platform
which places them. on substantially the same
footing with their brethren of New York and
Philadelphia. They declare that tho Know
Nothing organization In some part of the
North, in lending itself lo Abolitionism, has
departed from the-pursuit of ihe objects for
which it was created, and entered upon the
support and propagation of other sontlments
snd issues. Among the tiinbors of tho plat
form adopted by the "National Natives" are
III. The maintenance f tho Union oftheso
Unltod Ststes ss the paramount political good;
or, lo use the language or Washington, the
primary object of patrlotls desire, ' and oppo
sition to sll attempts to women or subvert it.
IV. Obedience to the Constitution of these
United Siatoa as the supremo law ofthe land,
sacredly obllEiory upon all its parts and mem-
Avowtnj that In all doubtful or dispu
tsd points it may only be totally ascertained
and expounded by the judicial power of the
V. The full reeogi iilon of the rights of ihe
several States as expressed anil lesnrved in
tho Cousiltutiuti, aud a cartful avuidaucc by
eBii".''"",fc'lii'a'tli' Sial"U"'"S'"l Miseisi I HIS St
the Genersl Oovsrrrment of all Interference
with their right by legislative action'
XIII The American party, having1 arisaa
on the ruins and in spite of Ibe opposition of
ibe Whig and Democratic turtles, cannot be
held In any manner responsible for the obnox
lo as acts or violated pledges of either; that the
systematic agitation ofthe slavery qnestioo by
thoe parties has elevated sections! hostility
into a positive element of political power, and
broaht our Institutions Into peril; that, as
experience hss shown ll impossible to recon
cile opinions so extreme as those which sepa
rate lis disputants, each .Stale must possess
the undisputed right to pass upon its local in
stitutions, so long as It dees not encroach upon
tha constitutional tights of other Ststes-snd
no systematic or organized action in relation
to local Institution of other State should be
hsd, except through the voice of our respective
delegations in Uoagress, or In accordance
with the provisions of the Constitution.
The Louisville Journal, In publishing tb
above, remarks .'
Wo recently saw a -considerable number of
very highly Intelligent gentlemen from Mas
sachusetts, who united in assuring us. that, al
though the Free-soil Know Nothings of rfcst
Mate might make a loud outcry and something
ofa show sgalnst the Philadelphia platform, the
eoirhd and conservative portion of the citizens
or Massachusetts would ere wnrr adopt the
platform and make successful battle upon it.
We are glad too see that a strong mouement
in tne right direction is already made in isos
ton, and wo have a strong hope that it eannot
Tn ttiinrlLU Uftlurt o!t DeWOCRaIIO A-
merjcans. Wf copy the following from the
Nashville Union and American of Thursday
(or tho information of whom It may concern:
"Of the prominent' democra'a who are re
ported to have joined the Know Nothings, we
regr.'t but one. All others we bid a hearty
good bye snd a good riddance lo. But we re
gret James M. Qusrles, of Clarksvilie. We
thought better thine of him. We would
have risked a hand on it, that, to a cronosition
to join this paltry trick of demagogues to ride
into office on the miserable religious prejudices
oi ins ignorant, be would lisvo- answersd with
the spirit of Catharine Seyton: "What! desert
the Isith of my gallant father when it ia in
perlir I would sooner desert their standard
when the tide of battle pressed hardest sgalnst
We remark because of the similarity of
names, tor it would be an iusult to doubt bltn
that William A. Queries, Est,, our candi
date for elector !n 1852, is an active, earnest,
snd efficient domocrat, and opponent to Know
If they are to be called Simon pure demor
crats who are not only willing, but can solicit
a whig a whig who boasts of being one of the
original thirteen opposer of Gon. Jsckson, rn
this county, j bear their standard, In any pe
ition he might choose hi this Congressional
district,- then the Union & Americsn is right
in its estimate of the democracy of our friend
W. A. Quarles. This Is the sort of democracy
which la prevalent hera. But J. M. Quarles
feels that he has a higher mission than trying
to hold together the fragments ofa party that
Is tumbling to pieces from sheer rottenness.
He is for the Union snd the Constitution aa it Is
for his whole country, and because ho has
tho honesty and independence to follow the
dictates of his head, and the promptings of his
heart, he has forfeited all claim to the name of
democrat. And who, that loves bis country
and retpecta himself, will not desire to be repu
dUtedby a party which ranks these high quail,
tie a tr-nualifications for membership 1
r or the Chronicle
NEW-YORK- Ct- DESPONDENCE.
The liqaor-dealere are oot wkb, circular
appealing to their brethren, th'roughw- thv
State, to subscribe $30,000 towsrd publiir
in this city, a daily newspaper devoted to their
interest "Dick French" has promised to sab-
scribe $20,000, whenever the sura first named
shall have been raised; provided he has charge
of the newspaper ia question. French is an
illiterate man, and tho very personification of
vulgarity. Indeed, ll is Impossible for a mnn
of his assoc.at.ons to be otherwise. The best
part of his life ws passed la the lowest kind"
of three-cent gror-shops, until he opened
French's Hotel; where he selis stuff of rather
a better quality at double the price. He is one
ofthe thousands of rich ambitious vua!an
who are now springing op all over the coun'
try, and who will, if we don't look out for
thera, get a controllng influence In the State
and National legislatures.
I sincerely hope that the suggestion of trie
Courier and Enquirer whtt reference to- a na
tional testimonial to General Scot will be ac
ted upon. It requires but a little exertion by a
few friends to raise a sum of money that would
make the old hero comfortable for lifo, and en
able him to entertain military and naval offi
cers, and other distinguished men from abroad,
who wish to psy their respects to-the repre
sentative of the strength, vslor, and prtriet
Ism of Americ. This thing can be set in. mo
tion better, perhaps, through Uie publle and1
private schools or vlteil a,, than ,
sny other way. Wbo will aet u,e
One ofthe strangest thing In tl.Isclty la the
extreme difficulty with which msny peojA, u
come ucqualnted wit tho moat ordinary item ot
intelligence. In spite of the multitude of
newspspers printed herr thero are thousands
wksoe- minds it is Impossible to- Impregnate
with tho smallest item of current information.
These are mostly foreigners, unable to read
English, or any other language, probably, aa
there are newspaper here in all the-leading
European tongues. One of the most remarka
ble illustrations of this fact is just now exhib
ited in a huge list, placarded on the walls of
the Post Office, of unpaid letters deposited In
the office, and there remaining since the pre
paymentacl wont into force. Tho Post Office
authorities made extraordinary effort to have
tho fact of this change taking place unlverally
known, and the nsws papers, la each laa-
guage, seconded their cQiirts by repeated csu-
Ushs Yet, in spite of all this, thero were
deposited, between the 0th and 20th of the
present month, twelve or fifteen hundred uupald
lot tort; thai is, sbove one hundred daily.
The iiivcttlgailun by the Fito Marshal, in
regard to a fire oecurlng last week in a pyro
technic establishment in Maiden lane, where
Mr. Philip Jeaneret lost his life, resulted la
establishing, beyond all question, tho fact thai
certain species of fire-work are liable to
pools neons combustion. Peroral fire before
occurring In stores of this naltH- were sss
pocted of originating from that cause; but no
to were taken to prevent tho continued
practice of the sftC'sgo of very Urge quanti
ties within tb business district ofthe city.
Hereafter, it la p.nbablo that a rrguiatioa will
be adopted obliging the dealer In fireworks to
sell by aample, and to keep their stock at a
plsco where life and property will be less en
dangered. ; Tho city pipers record? among tlie ephe
mera of "local Intelligence," tho decease of a
hero. Tble was not a Genersl of tho allied ar
role, falling at tho bead of Uhrdivlsion, ln a
charge upon the Russian works; nor wso It a
Muscvlus icy tru.T.pstcr, sounding bis horn
on tho parapet of an English parallel, and tum
bling, riddled with musket-balls, Into a ditch,
as the cost of his temerity. Tho hero in this
ease wss a humble Irishman, of the namo of
Thomas Msghareon, 30 yearo of age, upon
whoso body the Coroner lately held an Inquest,
and ascertsined that ho came to hi death from
evero burin received In his strenuous endeav
or to extinguish tlie burning clothes of a
aaa.it b0yr who, venturing near a bonfire, be
came onwiopea In too names. He succeeded
in tho humane effort to save the life ofthe
child, but at the cost of hlsown; being burned
lo so horrible a manner that he survived his
noble action but a few day.
A very interesting occasion ia presented to
the lovers of miniature humanity while in pro
cess of education, to visit the exhibition of tbo
public schools of this sit w, which takes plsco
in Niblo's Saloon, on Friday, the 29th Inst. All
the primary and w.rd schools of the city are
lo participate" in thw affair, which will extend
throughout the day and evening. Beside the
usual exercise of reading, reciting, declama
tion, singing, 4-c, thero will bo fine display
of penmanship, by the boy and g Iris, and
needlework, embroidery, Stc, by the females.
Prize are to Vo awarded by the Board of Edu
cation for the best efforts presented la each
particular department. Although there are
such multiudes of ragged, dirt, idle children
in New York, who are educating themselves
for a grand crop of thieves, vagabonds, drunk
ards and murderer the latter class, however,
being almost certain to occupy, Involuntarily,
an elevated position ln society, at the hour of
death the city Is really in the enjoyment af an
Those street-walking y 00x17 ladle who were
lately sent, under the order of Fernando
Wood, "Esquire," to thePrnltetiary on Black
well' Island, have occasioned a little diversion
from the usually quiet character of that estab
lishment. Not liking the quality of tbevisnds
aet before them, which they thought were it
only for uch ordinary persons as the gover
nor and m trons, they fell en wwm upon tho
euliaary department, and swept everything
"by the board.,' Table were upset, crockery
demolished, the ofJenslve edible promiscuous
ly scattered, end ouch a jumble of affair Intro
duced a It will tak a week to rearrange ,
Several attempt to defend the kitchen were
vigorously repulsed by tho Indomitable girls(
who, however , finally, were vanquished by the
masculine auxil iaries ofthe defeated cook and
matron. The girl say thslr bread was moul
dy; and some city editor, apparently well ac
quainted with affairs on Black wells Island,
give credence-to ttaasssrtkin.
ARRIVAL OF THE BALTIC.
New York, June 23.
ffi.KSSl'iSb? 1 M ihH Morn,B
This arrival brings telegram, d , f
French capture of tho Mameloi, j hite
works, after sanguinary fighting; 0w
killed and wounded. The French took 62 g",
and 500 prisoners and their new position en
ables them to shell the shipping la Sebaatopol
Simultaneously tho English stormed and took
the Riflemen' work In the quarries, but lost
SW killed and wounded.
Since then the firing hss been slack.
Tho fleets have achieved no success In the
Sea of Azoff, and havo burned the store at
Taganrog, Manlpol, and Genltack.
An expedition is fitting out against Fenekop.
Tbo Russian aso reported to have evacuated
There Is nothing new from Tcheroaya or the
The Liverpool cotton market was quite at
last week's quotations.
Bieadstufts were dull and had declined con
siderably. Money was easier, and tile bank haa reduced
tho rate of interest lo 8. Consols I. ez-dlvi-dend.
Liverpool Cotton Market, June Id The
Iesding circulars report the market quint dur
ing tho week, but holders were not Dreams-.
Pricesof last weak are maitaWA -.J .u.,
steady at 7 for fair Oriear.. The week's
sales are 38,700 bales, Including 17,000 bales
on speculation and 1,000 bk for export.
Breadstuff's are influenced by tho fine weath
er and are dull. Wheat J lowor. Flour la 2s.
fora 6d a Is. Holders do not evince a wiil-
lugnes w 11 at tness .tB.. Provisions ar
generally uncnangea ana quiet. rd I ouiet
at 49s 6d a 50s.
Liverpool, June 15rt. Milllgan, Evans, &
Co. quota cotton -Orleans fair 7i, middllno
6 11-10, upland fair 7, mkldllng 0 6-16. Stock
la port 549,000 bales, including 3Gl,Dou A
merican. Westsre Csnal flour la quoted at 40 Cd a
41s. Ohio 44s Gd.
Wheal lis Od to 12s 6d; rod wheat 10s Od to
lis 6d. White corn COaois; mixed corn 50s;
yellow 52a52s Od.
Baring & Bro., quote Welch bar Iron on ship
board at 1 to 7 5s, and rails 7; market
elosing steady. Scotch pig iron on shipboard
Vienna, 15 A. Gsn. Lsmorra tho youngor
diedtof cholera at Balakava.
A shsmoful occurrence took place In tho
Baltic. Tho Russians fired upon a boat bear
ing a flag of truce, and killed 3 officers and 21
Privste letters from Kertsch gives a fearful
account ofthe su fie rings of ths Kusslsn army as
wll from wounds as from sickness.
The Busaisns sro ssld to hsve obtained a
coinamuicalion to ths Crimea, ludtpsndeut of
tho road from Pereknpby constructing a bridge
of boat serosa theSoveseh.
. .Tho British ship Shamrock ws foundered
and lost t sea with a cargo of copper valued at
Latest from Ih Baltic. Danttlc, Juno 19th.
Tho Vulture has arrived with dispstches. She
left tho fleet on the 11th, which anchored off
Cronstsdt on the Otli.
On tho 8th, ihe Maglclene fired for an hour
with graat effect on a body of horses. The ar
tillery suffered but little damage.
Cracow 14(. Tbo Emperor of Austria ar
Correspondence from the Crimea comee down
to the 4tn. The weather was exceedingly hot.
Al! accounts agre that there is a vast smount
of disease and dependency In ths garrison of
London 15M. Tbo English fund to-dcy
show less bnoyanry, aud tlie discount bousee
rave notice of a reduction In tatea on ea l for
Advices from the U. States aro looked for to
stimulate the prevailing tendency toward con
fidence In manufacturers.
Gen. F. H. Zoixicorrr and Col. G. C To
sbtt , caodidatee for Congress, will address their
fellow-cilizsus st ths following limes sad placest
IS sTxwaar cocr.
A t Dover, Monday, 9th of J oly.
Bummer's Ktom, Tuesday, 1 0th of July.
Iron Mountain Furnace, Wednesday, 11th of
Indian Mound, Thursday, 13lh of Joly.
is MONTsoarar county.
Wood's Stors.frWsy, 13th of July.
Palmyra, Satardsy, 14th of July.
Cabin Row, Monday, I6ih of Jfoly.
Ryan's Store, Tuesday, 17th of July.
Part Royal, Wsdnssday, 18lh of Julyt
IN BOIKBTSOIS OOOITTV.
Co,Trstown, Thnrsd sv, 19th Joly.
i" 'tare, Frida f. 211th of July.
Bpnnafiold, lrdy, Slrtof July.
Cross flams, Wid ay 55 M Juiy
W Dsvidsu. C0UlrrT
Riduepost. Thursday. 2Cth 01 viv '
8t wort's Fsrry, FriHay,97h of
Atkisaoa's Osp, gataVduy, 2Sth of Jury;' '
Jaly3d, 1855 7 .
On the 1st of July, by tho Rev. R. W. Ni
Ma. Edwim R. Nwbino to Mis ir
Killedkew, all of lliia county.
In this City on ths 5th Inst., Hi-tar Baooc , Son
of Dr.' Thomas J. Don oho, in ths lltb year of hi.
A more amiable, gantle, obedient, affectionate
child, it has never fallen to ths lot of Ihe writer to '
knowi ths disease which terminated his I fa was
protracted snd painful; hs bora it throughout with
sisguhir patience, and without amiirmnr; his
last illness was in kaopinv with hrtrlife, all obs
dience sad snbjecliou. Hi amiable, affectlonato "
disposition, and ths high promise of usefulness
(fived, render the affliction peculiarly painful.
Thrflik Ood, that faith throws ths rainbow of ss
snred hope over lira dark portal, and gives the bo
roavod friends Mis comforting promise of a reun
ion undor cloudless" skius.
Died in this County, on Sunday the Sud inst.,
Chablxs Aukst, youngest Son of Wro, L. sud '
Oeraldins M. ilrrsa, aged fifteen months.
(Obituary aotic bus voidably laid ever' Is ssxt
Clarksvilie Female Institute.
THE handsome gtoonds and commodious Build
ing, recently owned and occeupM by ths Clsrks--ilia
renwifi Academy, hare been Iranafered to
this Intite, organized under a liberal charter,
granted by the last Legislature, and the first ses
sion of tois Institute will commence eo ths first
Monday in September next.
John T. Richardson, President and Prfiir-hjal of
the colegh-t Department. Miss Marioh W-T Mo
Oaugby, principal of ths Preparatory Depart
moot, with competent assistauu in both depart
Musea Departmeut, Miss Nora Cruse ma ti
UMcs of Tuitions
Primary Classes 410,00.
8eo'or 420,0 .
The Trustees havs proca red a plan for a lares
and handsome additional luiililli. f. ii.-
of ooniwctinr a Boarding House with the lnsti-
tntinn. it.n.hl. a! 1 ) .4 ! I. .. i a
. v. u. uuuureu oc. niiy
loung Lmd, which they hope to be abls lo put
- w m. : ii.iiiiv arrange
ments are made for boarding the Young Ladies iu
ha haa! mi.bt. f.mlt;M
T R VST EES.
H. F. BEAUMONT.
R. W. HUMPHREYS,
JOHN R. HART,
W If. ERANNE.
l4wS. F. FETTL'S.
JuWR , . D- N. KENNEDY.
file tho m. wh tho Clerk of'ir"'!10,
of Montgomery County T.n.tf2l?
Snd dsy of January next, 1856, for pri ,rV.
tribation, I as Administrator having filed my
Sestion of ths insolvency of said Estate, thl2ud
y sf July, 1855.
Ju,y t, ., AdnVn
DR. McDANIEL, having' in a great meaaurs,
received his sys-sight.reuews ths slier of his pro
feeaienal services to bis former patrons, sad ths
. July 0, '55 if.
ALL those indebted to ua to July 1st, If55, ar
respectfully aud earnestly solicited to call in and
iu, r r r 'i- - ... w. . j .w
f;o East. We hop all our customers will prompt
y reapoad lo tht sail. Don't forget it.
W. THOMAS 4t CCK
July 6, 'i
Puro W lilte lend,
1 Afl' KEG3 pur white Lead, fresh, jnst rereiv
H.Mled by E. R, W. THOMAS & CO.
July 6, 1855 If
In Chancery at Dover
JUNE RULES, 1855.
Wm. II. Burgess, s sis.
E.D. Earheart, stale.
) Oa motion s
it sppssrlng to ti ?
) Clerk and Master
trial CiokM Hur trees la a non-raaidant uit 1 1.
Stats; it is therefore ord ere st publication b
made for 30 days, ia tho Clarksvilie Chronicle,.
requlriM said Eiekiel Burgess, te appear al the
Court Hoase, Iu the town of Dorer, on ths first
Thursday of ths second Monday ia October next,
then aod there to plead answer or dsmur to eoin
plaioint and In defaslt thereof. Tbo Mine will
be takoB for confessed and set for hearing Ex Por
ta aa to birm
J. C. ROBERTS, C. & M.
July 6, 1S554
I WILL open asd bold an Election ea ths first
Tliuradav in A 11 11 m, ..1 1 al ik. Aitr--..,
J . w .HV W---W.WH. JI.' ,
ciscts iu Moulj(o nary county, for ths purpose
of electing a Governor, Coiiirrassiuaa. Senator..
T. KAMKY.Utiarifl' Montgomery Co.
Juus 2'J, Isij-le