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title: 'Clarksville chronicle. (Clarksville, Tenn.) 186?-1872, February 28, 1868, Image 1',
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OLD SERIES, VOL. 16.
CLARKSVILLE, TENN., FRIDAY, FEBRUARY 28, 1868.
OLD SERIES, NO. 40,
JOHN J. THOMAS & CO.
THB UNDERSIGNED IUVE FORMED
pirtnenhip ander tbe abort style, for the
purpose or doing a general
Forwarding, Storing and Com
Thli warehouse It situated a few hundred
yards below Trice's, on Cumberland river;
it ii Flre-proor, and entirely above high
water murk. There Is a (rood turnpike
road leading to It, and it Is tb nearest point
on tbe river to Christian county.
JOHN J. THOMAS will give but undivi
ded time and attention to tbe receiving,
weighing, Inspecting and telling all the To
1 bacco consigned to tbe honse.
A comfuruble sale room will be fitted np
in Providence. js8nlet tvery week.
JOHN J. TH0MA8,
JAMES W. PARISH.
SAM L O. BUCKNRR.
Linwood Landing, Tenn., Aug. 0, '07-tf.
W. J. M'CORMAC,
Wholesale aud Retail Grocer,
AND DEALES IN
ALL K15DS OF COUNTRT PRODUCE,
118 Third (Street,
Orders for Goods o Manufactured Articles,
filled with promptness and at tbe lowest
market price. Consignments of every de
scription carefu'.ly attended to.
June II, 1867-tf
Wm. Williams. Cuas. O. Shaxelin.
Williams & Shanklin,
WU0UC1ALB AMD RETAIL
Jan. 24, 18G8-Cra
XH. J. M. LAIIKIISS
may be found at his oftce, 2d floor of the
Chronicle buildiug, at all hours, unless pro
March 1, 1887-tt
DR. H. M. ACHEE,
Office at his new residence on Franklin
street, two doors East of the Episcopal
Church. Jan. 11, 18Urt-tf.
W. H. ARMSTRONG,
WEST SIDE I'lULlC SQUARE,
March 1, 1867-tf.
TUMBULL, KIRBY & CO.
Cotton and Tobacco Factors
Ke.9, Union Street,
Ml. 8. B. Seat, Agent, will attend to ma
king advances on Produce consigned to this
Sept. 14, 1 807-1 y.
W. B. ARMSTRONG.
Of the most approved patterns of
Wrought Iron Cooking Stoves,
TIN AND SHEET IRON WARE,
And dealers in all kinds of
Cast Iron Cooking
and Heating Stoves,
REPAIRING AND GUTTERING
(tone in the most approved manner, on
short notice. Jan. 3, 18t8-tf
E. M. THOMAS,
Attorney at Law,
Offirf, ovrr Tboinns, Ncblctt I (Vi
CLARKSVILLE, - TENN.
Oct, 15, 1867-ly.
W. A. TFTFER, Esq.,
Is pretared with all proer blanks and
forms for any business uuder tlie Bankrupt
Law. Parties wishing to avuil themselves
of the law till find it to their advantage to
consult him. Charges very reusonab e.
July 6, 18C7-lf
l'njH'i' llniitfluc Caluae
We P. Lindlcy,
TAEALF.R IN WALL PAPER, WINDOW
XI bll AliKa,
Tire Screens, Faints of Eve
ry Description, Windov
Glass, Putty, &c.
Two or three good workmen wanted.
Paints mixed ready tar um.
eA,8hop at Fowler's Hall
ffft. It tit tl
E. C. ROACH & CO.,
Cotton and Tobacco Factors,
No. 28, Carondelet Street,
Not. 9, 1867 ly
A. F. Smith, tat qf Smith $ Turntey.
D. B. noTCHtNOB, tat o Ilutchmgt $ Orinter
SMITH & HUTCHINGS,
Nor. 8, 1867-ly.
W. II. TokKLlT, tat o Smith J- Turnlry.
E. W. Wbatusm, m u Todd County, Ky.
TURilLEY & WEATHERS,
Known as the Hutching & Grinler
CLARKSVILLE, . . TENNESSEE.
M. Special attention mid to the sale of
Tobacco, Keceiving and forwarding Mer
chandise and produce generally. Proceeds
promptly remitted. Make all contignmenU
to TUUALLl 4t YVBAillMtS.
Not. 22, 1867-ly.
R. T. TORIAN.
Cotton and Tobacco Factor,
63 CARONDOLET STREET,
(.Liberal advances on all consignments.
Jan. 17, 18G8-6m
H. C. YEATMAN,
YEATIYIAIM & CO
COTTON AND TOBACCO FACTORS,
fl CARONDOLET ST., VI
Jan. 10, '68-tf.
SIM. R. ROGERS,
Will attend to the Sale of Property,
either on the street or iu the couutry.
Dec. 6. l8U7-6in.
PLANTER'S PRIZE SCREWS, SHINGLE
MACHINES, SUGAR MILLS,
BRASS AXD IRON
Prompt attention given to orders for repairs
And all kinds of Machinery, and Machine
Blacksimlbing neatly and promptly done.
J. A RATES fc CO.
Mnrch , 1867-ly.
0. J. SMITH. J. W. AMIKRSON. J. BURNS-
SMITH, ANDERSON & CO.,
153 West Fourth St., and 110 Elm St.,
All goods warranted of tbe best material
gX Munuliirtory, North-west cor. Trarl
and Elm streets.
Oct. 25, l-C7-m.
W. H. & D. M. DORRIS,
Stoves, Tinware, Castings,
Grates, and House Fur
Every description of 'J"iivni'e
made up in good style.
ROOKING and GITTKR1NG promptly
Itjr II. P. PORRIS will superintend tbe
work and salesroom.
Sept. 6, 18U7-tf
. V. ItOTII, -.Vyr't,
(Successor to J. f. Mrhlhope i Co.,)
Wholesale & Retail Dealer
IV ALL UNDU or
Inmily C3 rocoricw,
Cunfecttonarift, fbrtijin and Jbmettic
J.iquori, Wt'net, tuitt and Nut.
Having returned to rUuksvillo (or tbe pur
pose of returning my old occupation as tiro
evr, I would solicit from tbe citisens and sur
rounding country a share of patronage.
1 will keep a full ajiortineiit of eveiy artl.
cle in my liie, and m di-iurmined to sell at
the lowest CASH PltlCES. Highest prices
I am also Agent for tbe sale of
Wllaou Pitt's Celebrated HhMtryJ
O. A ROTH Ant.
Hag not Arrived, but
0. H. MORRISON & Co's
new rocx or
have, and it comprbtet all tbe tabsUntlals
well as the choicest luxuries to be fonnd in
any establishment of tbe kind in the city,
We hare on band as
STAPLE AND FANCY
All of tbe Choicest Brands and Su
Families would do well to pur
chase their Supplies from
us, as all our Goods are
and will be sold
CALL AUD EX AH IKE OUHSTOCKl
C. H. MORRISON & CO.,
Nearly Opposite the Court House,
Dec. 6, 1867-3m.
JAMES H. MALLOR7,
Office with C. U. Jones, Public Square
Will Mil nr.rv ilfwrlntlnn nt Pffirt. fnr
I " -t- -j
A itmitiliitrAtAra RvM'tilnra Trust... A nunti
and Private Parties, either ou the street, In
lue cny or country, uas muvu experience in
Dry Goods Auctioneering.
Will give prompt attention and make rea
sonable charges in all cases. Also,
Tobacco Auctioneer and General
Af nt for Harrison A Shelby.
Clarksville, Jan. 24, 18t8-tim.
NORTON, SLAUGHTER & CO.,
GENERAL COMMISSION MERCHANTS.
NO. 40, BROAD STREET,
JNO. T. EDMUNDS, of Ilopkinsville, Ky,
will assist in the Sales of Tobacco.
Jan. 24, 1868-6m
T. D. SCOTT,
Feb. 9, '66-lf
SHOUT &, CO.,
Cotton and Tobacco Factors
Sept. 6, 1807-tf
WI WOULD RESPECTFULLY IN
form the cilueiis of Clarksville aud vicinity
ihat we have secured tbe services ot a lint
claM baker, and are prepared to furnish, at
Bread and Cakes, of all kinds,
and all times. Cakes ornamented iu any
stylo when desired.
LIGO.N k ELY.
Aug. 3, 1867.-tf.
N.iv. 7t. 1 :T tf.
R. W. THOMAS...... EDITOR.
We set it stated in some paper
that a Grant club has been oelebra-
tinghis victory of FortDonelson. For
his sake, his friends should aroid man
ifestations calculated to invito scruti
ny into faots. To people) abroad it,
doubtless, appears that Fort Donel
son wu a defensiT work of great
magnitude and strength ; but to us,
in the immediate vicinity, that idea
is preposterous. The works consisted
of a few luoands thrown up on the aide
of a hill and on them cannon were
planted for the defense of the river ;
on the other side, were mere rifle pits
This was tbe world renowned fort'
and with these trifling advantages
the Federals were repulsed for three
days and sustained, in killed, a loss
greater than the entire confederate
force. It was published at the time,
that Gen. Grant's report of the fight
was grossly erroneous that he reques
ted its return for amendment This
is the boasted victory, and but for the
blundering of Confederate command
ers, their entire force could hav been
withdrawn thus, in effect, making it
a signal triumph of southern prowess
That place, as we understand
it, was defended with no expecta
tion of permanently holding it against
overwhelming odds. The post be
came worthless after the fall of Fort
Henry which gave the enemy the con
trol of the Tennessee river and access
to the very section which Donelson
was supposed to protect. But Grant's
blunder in attacking Fort Donelson
instead of hurrying up the Tennessee
to cut off Sydney Johnson's retreat,
explains the object of the fight as
well as tbe relative ability of the two
General. Sidney Johnson accom-
p lisbed bis purpose after which Don
elson would have been evacuated,
as no longer usclul. And but for
tbo prisoners needlessly surrendered,
the result would have been a tri
umph for the South.
It may properly be called a Grant
victory, however, as it is the only
sot t he won during the war, except
Belmont and Shiloh. The truth is
he has all political capital by trading
upon the brains of Sherman, Thomas,
Smith, Buel and McPherson, and
but for them, he would have sunk,
ere now, luto tbe obscurity from
he was dragged by a concatenation of
LETTER FROM ROBERTSON.
Ma. Euitoh: Not having met you in our
accustomed walks of life lately, possibly you
have come to the conclusion that I have
"shuffled off this mortal coll," absconded,
or evaporated, and not willing you should
remain uuder false impressions, I take the
liberty of Informing you aud all my fellow.
subjects that I am still alive and expect to be
so for some time yet.
Well, at tbe beginning of tbe present year,
I changed my base from Clarksville, and find
it located near Springfield, Robertson county,
determined, if possible, to ''fight it out on this
On the day of my debut here, it being in
tensely cold weather, necessity and tempta
tion urged me on to build a huge fire In oae
of tbe oldest and largest stone chimneys ex
tant, whose capacious fireplace will receive
at much wood as is contained in one of your
two-horse town loads. I had two laudable
motives for building such an enormous fire,
which you may easily conjecture: first, to
create a thaw in my Immediate locality
Second, it was the first opportunity I ever
bad in my life to burn wood without money
and without price and without measure. 1
embraced the opportunity. I next found
myself in an old arm cbair, enjoying the
fruits of an hour's labor. My first ejacula
tion was to bleu tbe man wbo Invented Ore,
and felt thankful that the yankees did not
remain long enough to burn all tbe timber in
tbit county. In (taxing into the old fireplace,
my thoughts naturally ran backward. I could
see, in my imagination, tbe many groups of
families aud v in tors, which had for sixty
years congregated around this bearthjtone,
composed of the old and the young, the grave
and the gay, in their respective generations,
and concluded these reflections by asking
myself where are they now T Most of them
gone and remembered with those wbo lived
before the flood.
Ity this time, I had piled on more logs
with a liberal hand, as though I had a con
tempt for all "town fires." An evidence that
extremes will sometimes meet, and thst truth
is stranger than fiction, it verified by my re
moval from t'larasville after a residence
there of forly-one years, and having wit
nessed the erection of almost every building
ef whatever kind, and having from the Ant
settlement recorded all important events,
whether grave or ludicrous, for my owu
amusement, which has been pretty well sat
isfied. Perpaps they will now share the fate
of "Cesar's clay bo used to stop a hoi.-, to
ketp the wind away." You may tuk what
I have gained by tbe trensition. The an
swer is ready at nana, i nave at least et-
1 rnim a of uncivil, and unrequited
toil from a multiplicity of caret and per
pitaltiet of life, and havt escaped, in time.
from becoming the only landmark of a past
generation in Clarksville. But tbit It only
the negative tide of the answer. Here, I
have entered npon new ceoec tee new faces;
fstl at though I bad began a new existence ;
oat which prolongs a man's lift at least a
moath longer than a town lift, from the fact
that la the country wt first bear tbt ftc
about a month after you baTt forgotten it,
and not unfreeuently never bear it. If igno
rance it bliss, as to what it going on in the
political arena, then we are a happy people.
I do not know whether the great mogul at
Nashville Jis alivt or foot to Heattn; or
whether he it Governor or President of tbt
"best gortrnment the world ever taw," to-
called; nor do I trouble myself about it, to
long as I can realise tbe fact that "I am mon
arch of all I surrey, my right, there it nont
to dispute, from the centre, all round a udg.
JUU, I am lord of tbt fowl and tbt brute."
(Except my neighbor Ts Urge herd of bogs,
wN teem to claim a preemption right.) 1
have a magnificent prospect of tn abundant
crop of blackberries and persimmons, which
creates a liberality In my feelings and induces
me to proclaim Hoi all ye wbo lore delic-
iots fruit, come and regale your fastidious
tastes la the proper season.
I And myself among a people whose pecu
liar habits of life I can almost imperceptibly
adopt, at they are congenial with my own
nature, Bert erery one attends to bit own
business. Here any person may ride a male
ur go afoot or cross a ford on stilts ; weal a
stovepipe hat or go bareheaded; wear shoes
or go barefooted ; wear a roundabout jacket
or a pigeon-tailed coat, as teemeth best in
bit own eyes, provided, always, that ha does
so tt bit own expense and does not offend
against good manners, and I assure yon he
will not disturb tbe equilibrium of his neigh
bors or tbe community. Here, too, I may
gratify my appetite with viands of a pecu
liar taste, and which carry ma back in my
recollections to the days of my boyhood, the
days of auld lang syne, tuch as taur kraut,
sebnits, knepp, noodle soup, liver worsht and
onions, and nobody turns np their nose at
the mention of those names. Nor does tbe
eating of these time-honored delicacies give
offense to the delicate olfactories of tbe most
refined and fastidioot lorer ofcbitlings. The
land here appears to be composed of any
quality you may desire, from good to indif
ferent At a general thing it yields surpris
ingly. No better tobacco, corn, wheat, po
tatoes, melons, Ac, can be raised anywhere
than in this county, and in large quantities,
proportionably to the number of hands en
gaged; for tbey are emphatically a working
people. Old and young, men, women and
children, work in all the necessary avoca
tions of life, and to did their fathers before
them. Labor it esteemed alike honorable
Individually and to the State. Mothers taacb
their little bands were made to work ; bence
kid gloves are only teen at meeting on Sun
day. Sensible mothers, pillars of a State.
There never was (comparatively) much slave
labor nsed in this county; bence tbe Amer-
can citizens of African scent, are few and
far between, nor do I believe that disfran
chised whites feel their loss. They, the
people of this county, teem to have passed
through the great transition from slavery to
freedom, so-called, without a jostle, and
without being overwhelmed In tbe general
confusion. At like the practical man travel
ing on the highway, when bit horst diet, he
slings his saddle and bridle across bis own
back and continues to prosecute bit journey.
I can bear continually of the praise of
Robertson county whisky and of tbt many
distilleries, yet it it a strange fact and ap
pears almost paradoxical, that notwithstand
ing it's far famed for quantity and superior
quality, "Old Robertson" is rarely found in
families at a beverage and yet more rare to
meet an intoxicated person. Perhaps this
proves the old adage to be true that Doctors
seldom take their own medicine. Cider.
however, is a common drink In its season.
The principal denominations of Christians
are Methodist, Cumberland Presbyterians and
Baptists, and tbe double Injunction banded
down by "Moses to tbt Jews it most strictly
observed by the population generally. That
is, tbey work six days in the week and do all
that tbey have to do and judging from tbe
number of saddle mules hitched around tbe
meeting houses and others, tbey rest from la
bor on Sunday, or the first day of the week,
the Lord s day or Sabbath of tbe New Testa
ment. Happily for these people protesUnt
priestcraft bas not yet reared its repulsive
bead, nor infused Its virus amoag them. As
might be supposed, tbe soli is not congenial
to iu growth. Tbe foul spirit of sectarian
bigotry aud exclusiveness bat not yet been
ablt to sulk abroad In the social walks of
life and alienate social ties, nor to interfere
aritb the transaction of business life, nor bas
any over righteous motbsr as yet ordered
her son to return goods he bad purchased at
a gentile store, with the positive command
that "hereafter, be should purchase good
only at Brother 'e as they beloog to ber
church." May the Lord deliver this people
from such pernicious influences and pharisee-
Iu a political point of view, this county,
at you know, likt every other county iu tbe
State, is withering under the blighting in
fluence of the vilest despotism a ouct free
people were ever cursed with. It presses
likt tn incubus upon a prosliate body. It
hangs like a cloud of gloom, a black pull
over the liberties of the people. "How long,
oh, Ixml, how long." "Hide us with the
shadow of iby wing until this tyranny be
overpast." As uo uood government ertr
lasted always, to I havt strong faiib that a
bad, tyrannical oue cannot last to long, thai
tht luspii iout day will surely come when
the Sua will rise sbeddiug bis beams npon
free aod independent Aincrians. sitting un
der their own pereirumon tree, discuwing
their constitutional and iuulicuablt rights,
'and there will be none to make tbeui
afraid," as tbey were wout to do hco Ten-
nc.tee in lime past I'.Mi forth in the nicrii
; tail of ui r l tv,
la conclusion, la leaving Montgomery,
I leave maty friende, tticd and trot, wbe
have faithfully stood by dm through every
ordeal and Tlcissitude of life. Their mem
ory I will ever cherish with a grateful heart.
I leave enemies no dosbt, and I would But
baTt them otherwise, at the price required.
I leave tbe latter to the immutable and in,
exorable taw of retributive justice. Favors
and frowns art alike indelibly written npon
a retentive memory. Rver yours,
IX ACROSTICAL REPLT.
U PCSRI BINDS.
That is tht rub to be or not to be
Ha puzzled kmge beadt the point to see;
Or smoother tongues presumptive tales to tell1
More oily far than a petroleum well ;
And but for courtesy I'd surely say
Silence becomes yon best, kind sir, good day,
Just at yon please, your would-be flattering
At once sound likt tht distant cow bell
You followed ia tbt shadowy oiden timet.
So now a courtesy profound Til make,
My exit by your poet leave I'll take,
Imploring morcy that when next you write
Those gushing thoughts that thrill us with
However grand, pray leave me out of sight.
Streak of Lightning In the
In the Georgia Convention, on Friday last,
Colonel J. D. Waddel, a gallant officer of the
late Confederate army, and a Conservative
member of tbe bodv cave utterance to the
following thoughts that breathe and words
mat burn :
Mr. President It was not mv Intention to
trouble tbe convention with a single word
upon the subject immediately before us ; aud
i snouia noi now, dui lor some remarks
bicb tell from the delegate froji Richmond
(Mr. Bvraot.) He complained because alln.
lion had been made to tbe fact that tome of
tbe conspicuous delegates to this convention;
those oflenest ' on the floor were recent
residents of Georgia, and intimated that In
consequence of that fact a prejudice was en
deavored to be kindled against tbose dele
gates of Northern birth, i have sat in this
convention nearlyorty days, and I appeal to
those around me to know if twenty ill-natured
flings have not been made at Qeorgians
mis vin ecu uunajiccuui allusion uas
been made to New Knclaudera. Four.
filihs of the white people of Georgia were
reocis, "so-cauea," ana not a day bat been
suffered to post when tbose " rebels" have
not been denounced, in tome thape or form,
by those who have assumed the task of "in.
grafting upon the stock c f Georgia ignorance
New England ideas and New Fngland civil,
ization." They seem to have an intense
loathing for tbose who bore part in tbe strug
gle for liberty tbey deuounce them as reb
els and traitors. . No terms of reproach are
ngoious enougn to cnaraclenze them by no
puuiaumi-ui u severe enougn to mulct upon
them. When we tell them we hare anrren.
dured in good faith we have laid down our
arms upon tbe honor of soldiers wt hare
abandoned what they call the "heresy of se
cession" henceforth we meau to stand by
me tuioo unaer ine institution it is all
to no purpose, all without avail. Tbey are
not content. They are creed v for tbe nound
ui uesu. numiug eoorvoi ruin, degradation
ana eternal disgrace will appease or satisfy
Now, sir, I hart borne rituueration Ions
enough. I am not ashamed ot my record.
There never was a monument since the
dste of my political accountability when I'
vm not true to tbe great principles of penu
lar liberty, as laid down in tbe Constitution
of tbe United States. It was precise! r be
cause I conceived that that Constitution was
practically overthrown, that its principles
were in jeopardy, that its spirit and essence
were violated by tbe election to tbe office of
President of the United States of a section
al candidate upon a sectional platform, that
I espoused tbecause of Georgia. Through her
sovereign voice, she commanded me to avouch
my ballot with my sword. I bowed to ber
high mandate. Georgia made me a citizen
ot tbe United States. I conceived she bed
tbe right to absolve my citizenship. She
comraaded me to defend ber; tbe Federal
Government commanded me to crush her.
I could not obey both masters. I elected
without hesitation in obedience to the in
stincts of my nature, to stand by Georgia;
the home or my childhood; tbe graves oi my
kindred ; tbe honored ashes oi him whose
name I bear. Of whom then shall I be af
raid 7 Of what shall I be ashamed 7 Let
me here speak one word for nivself alone.
aod if my voice could reach to the uttermost
boundary of creation, creation should bear
the declaration. To-day, poor as I am. I
would not exchange tbe memory of the part
I bore, humble as that part was, in the noble
struggle of Georgia to be free for the crown
tbe bourbon lost. I would notexclmnze lbs
uitmory of my poor part at Manassas, Gettys
burg ana Libickainaiiga, a dozen other proud
but melancholy fields, tor tbe best bo; I
have. If I erred, it was on tbe side of niv
State and my section an error, if one it be,
tbat stands recorded in tieaven t Cbanceiy
upon mercy's page. I erred, too, in comny
with tbe best, the brighten and tbe bravest
of my State. I erred with men whose
names are garnered up la bur heart, whose
valor shed uufadiog luster upon her aims, and
whose fame is among tbe jewels of ber
crown, and over whose hero dust ber most
precious tears have been shed.
Air. ttaiuwin nere interrupted by inquiring
whether Mr. Waddell still aeld to secession 7
of war. I accepted I be result. When I surren
dered my sword, I surrendered tbat doctrine.
I surrendered to General Graut, wbo is a mun
of honor and has kept his pledge. 1 have
kept, and meau to keep mine. Would tbat
I could say as much fur some of hie support
ers here. My houor was pledged, and that
is nntlained. But I will not sit sileutly by
and bear the memory of tho who wr
Ubed in tbe effort to muko sveessiou glorious
calumniated. Those Chrisliau beroes, Tom
Cobb and Siouewull Jaa kson, wbo baptized
your cause aud uiiue, Mr. I'rvsideul, iu their
blood wbo sacrillea lite in maiulainlng It-
over whole- gruves glory weeps tuey are
i ..ii.. . .1.:.,, i
linuuiiixu ur v"j u iiur u trniiur.
to tht country, while Butler, tut beast, w bo
incited a rull'.n soldiery at New Oileans to i
violate defenseless females wbo went there
a b uikrupt In fortune, as he is uo a bank
rupt ia fame who grew rich by plunder,
robbery, rapine and theft he is uow a pa
triot I Put me down among the traitors I
Here a large uuuiber of uVkgalee on the
"oihtir siils of the bousu'' rose to their feet
louking horrified. Tbey knew well that
liny f?t4 the numerical strength to
crush the spcukcr by force, and consequently
tbey were furious to pounce upon him.
Some ad questions lo ask, aod others bad
points of order. A las I tlie arch rtbel bad
losun uiub to the pressure, aod be took hit
e.t like sll ret?!, lo - ovi'rpwered.. b'Jt oo
roi'i iv. 1.
Valuable Facts and Opinions from tbe
Oldest Wool-Grower la the World.
To the Editor of tht Nashville Banner.
woousbowwo is viii torn.
Tht latt war has destroyed the great agri
cultural pursuit of the South by robbing her
of ber legitimate system of labor. Cotton is
no longer King, and at tbe South It mt
rily tn agricultural country, ber people must
look for tbe best snbstitate for their former
staple. As I hare bad a longer experience
in wool-rrowlnc than aarmaa in the South.
and perhaps in America, I feel it my duty to
gno wj news to me pnoiic, Doping mat
tbey may be the source of unlimited wealth
to our now Impoverished people. Many in.
terested in wool-growing know that for a
naif a century I have been advocating against
every writer upon tbe subject tbe Wea that
a warm climate it best adapted for producing
fine wool. I have not only advocated tbe
oocinne oy my pen, but nave practically de
moastrated tbe actual fact bv defeatine- tbe
enure world at toe - world l Fair In London,
in 1831." with wool grown near Nashville,
Tennessee, In latitude 36 degrees north. At
this exhibition tbe wool-growing reirlons,
the German Provinces, Spain, aod tome of
tbe Northern States of America were reme.
In 1814 I selected tbit branch of sericul
ture for my pursuit, with all mr enenrr an.
deavored to post myself thoroughly both on
the effect of climate upon the wool and upon
tbe habits and diseases of sheen. I than.
fort read t very book I could obtain noon
tbit subject, wrote to and obtained aamnlea
from all of the most celebrated flock masten
of the world. I obtained samples from the
highest latitudes, lo within IS degrees of the
equator, l bis enabled me to sit in my own
room and compare my wool with tbat of the
world, which to my great satisfaction, com
pared favorably and caused me to tend my
wool to tbe London Exhibition In 1851.
After purchasing my first sheep, which were
selected from the best iu America, I moved
to Madison County, Mississippi, about 42)
degrees north latitude, where I kept my flock
until 1835. I then moved to Lexington,
Ky., where I defeated the Hon. Henry ;iay,
who had bantered tbe world, with wool
grown 42 degrees north latitude, as above
mentioned, which in my opinion was tbe
finest wool I ever taw. I subsequently
moved to Tennessee.
CAS WOOl BK GROWN IN Till SOUTH t
The preceding facts art sufficient to con.
vines any one tbat extremely flue wool can
be grown in the South, and I am satisfied
that it is now the most lucrative pursuit that
can be adopted by onr people. It requires
but little capital to commence the business,
and comparatively little labor. In many lo
calities sheep can live tbe entire year without
any feed save what they pick from the na
tive verdure of our warm climate. This
does away with the expense of feeding, and
they never require to be housed. Tbo ab
sence of these two great expenses, and the
cheapuesg of our lands, will enable us to
compete with and even excel any country in
the world in tbe cheap production of wool.
This fact will enable the people of the South
to go extensively into wool growing without
any disastrous effect to themselves.
TIH RNUilEt AXD DISSAirS OP SHIir.
Tbe sheep, like all other animals hat bis
natural enemies and diseases. Toe most
destructive and yet ibe easiest vanquished is
the great nuisance, tbe dog. There are from
three to six million dollars worth of sheep
destroyed aunually in the United States by
worthless curs. Tbit enormous sum. bv
prudent legislation, could be saved to the
country. I here suggest that this nuisance
be taxed, and the procec.is used to educate
the poor orphans of the couutry. Next to
me uog comes t lie insect commonly known
as me -sneep ny. -mere Ii one peculiarity
in tbe babits of this insect that is not known
to any one whose writings I have ever read.
This peculiarity is that it produces living
iiwienu ui iur popular Idea tbatii
lays eggs upon the nose of the sheep. This
tact l Have ascertained by crushing the liv.
ing fly, immediately upon being exuded from
the fly, the worms commence crawling.
ine natural naDitor this insect is to dart
rapidly to tbe nose or tbe sbeep and deposit
the living worm; then the worm imuvdi
ately crawls up the nostrils aad locale, in
cavity about the opper extremity of the nos
trils designated by nature for its growth.
Here it remains uutil spring, then it leave.
iu place of abode aod burrows into the
earth, assumes a crysalis slate aud remain.
until w.rui weather, (in this climate about
the 1st or June) when it appears ia lit per
fect state, a fly again. The worm somotiims
takes a course not designed by nature, and
goes up and interferes with that great or
gan, the bruin, which inimetllulely deranges
the circulation of the blood, causing it to
become weak and somowhat to lose iu col
or. Hence "pale disease." Other symptoms
are, t profuse discharge from the nostrils,
sometimes accompanied by blood, an accu
mulation of watery substance about th
jsws, known as "rot," and "stacrgera."
1 bousands or limbs and some sheep die an
nually from the efTect of these worms. Each
of these symtoms, which are flora tbe same
cause, has given rise to a name, and manv
writers are not aware that tbe cause of each
aud all of them is the worm which is the
larva) of tbe sheep fly.
To prevent tbe fly from effecting lt nll t
I tar the nose of the sheep. The smell ot
tar is offensive to the fly, and when deposited
in it tbe worm cannot trawl. The following
is tbe plan by which I tar the nosea oi th.
sheep: Take straight poles about six luches
in diameter, aod as long as your flock may
require; take a two-inch auger and bore
holes in the poles about six ini tios anarLand
one aud one-hull" inchus deep, and every Iwu
or three days In fly time take a small paddle
and smear piue Ur around the inside of the
augrr holes; then sprinkle a little salt in Ibe
boles, nnd your sheep will tar their own I
nows. A ii tie sulphur added to lbs suit is
of greet advantage in keeping lbs skin heal
thy. This is very essential to procure good
wool, bhould Ihis preventive fail, and vou
discover the effects of the fly, preMie a
strong amber by boiling lob icco leaves (ot
stems, which are cheaper); then take vour
subject, plait it upon iu buck a man holding
in ir-., iwu in eacn nana; place tlie sheep s
head on an angle of about forty. fir dcgiecs
lake, an ounce syringe, fill it with ami,
and liyct out hair of iU contents in each
nostril, tuking care not to ullow the sbeep to
swallow it, or to keep Ii down long enough
to slrunple. In twelve hours you will per
ceive whether your oN;rai ion was effeciivr
... ,, K.i....i I, ivi... .1 i.
,ucllM ,ut worlI1 it wi,- ki mlnaiale.
THI MKH1XO KHt'br.
I bare found the merino sheep to lw ol
the greatest longevity, to lw uio-t active iu
search of loud and the ni'Mt provable lu
rear. In commencing or pursuing auy bu.-i-neas
in ujdi-r Iu insure sums, one iun..l p. no
tice economy. I would therefore advise s
Dfginuer iu in 14 enterprise to prucme
coituion wooled ewas and and arlevl
bucks from the best flock tu be found. Thru
in tvery three or four years, to purchase new
bucks at "in aud ia breeding' it destructive
10 nit puyuoal form, aaj of course bat a ten
aaary to sbortea life. I btvu puataud this
a-U Of frtt!.g t:r to tfce p'.jvji tnse -
It selecting buckt alwajt beeping In mint,
tint, tbe quality of tbt wool; next, the most
bints net arjutMNO.
I order for ewes to produce plenty of milk
for their offspring, they should bare grero
herbage. Therefore, the time of biwding
net be governed by the latitude. Ewes
carry their iambs five months, and in order
to give strict attention to them at their time
of lambing, tad have tbem lamb as early nt
vegetation will admit, bucks should be kept
separate from the ewet until Just fire months
previous to the desired time for lambing.
Then put them with your ewet and allow
tbem to remain as short a period as practica
ble, of course being governed by the number
of encb. I bare always endeavored to select
a sufficient number of bucks to as to allow
tbem to remain but tix weeks.
est mason rot aaziDiNA.
In this latitude I breed from tbt 20th of
October to the 1st of December, bringing tbt
lambs from tbe 20th of March to ibe 1st of
May, avoiding the cold rains which general
ly fall between tbe 1st and 5th of March.
TO T8t PRCUS.
I have writen this article hoping, at I hart
before said, tbat it may be tht cauee of di.
reeling tome of tbe enterprising minds of
the South to this hitherto greatly neglected
source of wealth. 1 therefore respectfully
request all "newspapers" interested In the
welfare of our now deaolata cuuntrt In timK.
Mark R. Cocit t.
Stock Place, near Nashville, Tennessee.
New Discoveries In Jerusalem.
The following extract is taken from a let.
ter written from Jerusalem to tbt London
Tbt colossal foundation at th. tmnt.
wall, which art "stonet of ten euhlta ..rf
ttonet of eight cubits," laid by Solomon or
ois successors on the ibroue, are now being
laid bare at the enormous depth or ninety
feet, and more beneath the present surface.
The bridge that on e spanned tbe ravine be
tween me paiaoa on .ion and the temple on
Moriab, is now Droved to h.re h.n m,..i
of one hundred and fifty feet high. If this
oo, as ii seems, tbe ascent to tbe House of the
Lord which Solomon showed to th.O,..n r
Shebn, we can not wonder that on teeing it
there was no spirit on which the tempter
placed tbe Savior bos Just been uncovered to
tbe base, and Is found still to have an Nova
tion of oue hundred and thirty-six feeU
Tue statement or Joscphus is therefore no
exaggeration. irany one looked from the
battlement J into the rallev he wonlri l
dy, while his sight could not reach to such
an immense depth." Sections of the anci
ent wall of Opbel have been exhumed, show-
. .B .uui, mm .joeepnus sayt, it was joined to
the south-east anule of the ton.nl. Ax,,..
ducia, cisterns, rock-hewn channels and pas
tiget hare aho been discovered within
around the btrcm, throwine- llirh tl.
buildings, the arrangements, aud Ibe ser.i.
ces of the ttmple.
Tbt negroes of tho Mississippi Valley art
migrating North. Tbe Aberdeen (Mist.)
Examiner says :
It is with pleasure that we state tbat Mis
s'sslpi is rapidly losing the negro majority
that enabled the convention lo prevail at the
late election. Not a train parses ny the Mo
bile and Ohio Railroad but bears many of
them to Tennessee and Alabama, while we
1 arn that they are leaving the counties on
tbe Mississippi liver by every steamer
passing up to Missouri. Illinois aud the other
States of the Great West. We wish the de
parting blacks all possible prosperity in their
new homes, and t-ongratulule our people on
tbetr Thnm mitt i....fuaa - 1 . 1 .
J ' uii am ,u kuuW 111
form ns that tbe decrease In Monroe since
tbs middle of November is not less than
three or four hundred. Well, we can spare
as many more, and then hare as many luft
at wt require.
Jobn C. Breckinridge.
A letter received here from an American
citizen at Beirut, Syra, dated January 32d,
says John 0. Breckinridge was there, making
Inquiries in regard to traveling through
Syria. He denied all claims to ibe privile
ges of a citizen of tbe United States, and ap
peered much affected wbilo convening upon
affairs in this country.
Wben asked It he Intended to return, be
tiid he bad wished lo become a martyr, and
should not return uutil ht could do so iu per
sonal safety, but no other country could bo
bis home. Re said In reference los flair tht
war was over and tbe appeal to tbe sword
bad been decided against tbose with whom
he had be n associated. Ho was willing to
shoulder bis gun like any other man i" de.
feuse of his country. He, however, spoko of
matters here iu the tone of a foreigner. The
saint letter states Jacob Thompson and other
leading parties of the South duriog the latt
war were wandering about Turkey.
A correspondikt of the Chicago Times,
writing from Washington, says:
"Tbe Messrs. Pike, of Cincinnati one of
ihe largest spirit firms in the I'nilcd States-
are heavy exporters. At Ihis time thsy
have, in the port of Smyrna, In Turkey,
sloue, some thirteen luousaud barrel of
spiriu on baud. The bill just passed raises
the value of their spirits, as lam informed
by New York and Boston spirit importers, at
least thirty per cent. The newt of the pas
sage of the bill was, of couise, Immediately
leiegrapueu mrougu me Atiuntlo cable.
.Now, 1 may at well inform importers, that a
supplementary bill, allowing exporters to ship
from bond, will not be reported uutil tbe firm
ol Pike Brothers sell their spiriu now held
in Smyrna. Bome siintite-ininded. honest
prsou will ask, "Why so?" I reply, "Be
eiuse one of the Messrs. Pike is the brollior-
in-law of tbe Hon. R. U. Scheuck (thrv
married sisters), aud Hon. H. U. Kclieuck (l
Chairman of the Committee on Ways and
Meaus of the Honse.' "
Storm Suiza. It's a sign of a storm to
tread ou anybody's toe that bos corns,
it't a sign of a iloriu If you wake the
baby ou a wash day.
It s a tigo or a storm to call a baby ugly
in presence of lu mother.
il l a sign of a storm to start a yarn
about your neighbor at an alt house and sums
one runs and tells.
Ilia sign of a alorm to spit on tbt parlor
carpel and your wile sees lu
It's t sign of a storm to speak ill of your
It s a sign of a storm lu tell your wife she
looks horrid iu that last new bouuet.
A Fact roti f Asanas. ft may nut l egrn.
ernlly kuow u th it the suuli liver is .h;nio.t
itil'.tlliihle remedy yet discoiered, l.r lit-.
srouy cure of founili'r In bor es. I lie di.
revllous, whii'li we glean from a brief article
upon Unit viibji'd in ih' I s-es Haiiticr, say.:
Ittim uiuUily uu discuTcrin ihiil your horsa
Is fjuudervil, in .bout a p ut of tbe w b liu
evud ia bis food, aud it will ilvci tare."
Tuk Hon. A. U. II. Sluart, Secretary of
the Juienor under Prsuidriil Fillmore, aud
laiulf a toefsderate Heiialor. bos Jua beta
;hou roausui w y;s riM' rut-i n uin