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title: 'Clarksville chronicle. (Clarksville, Tenn.) 186?-1872, March 20, 1868, Image 1',
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. OLD SERIES, VOL. 16.
CLARKSVILLE, TENN.. FRIDAY, MARCH 20, 1868.
OLD SERIES NO, 43,
E. O. ROACH,
Cotton and Tobacco Factor,
No. 23, Carondeiet Street,
Not. 9, 1867 ly
A. F. Smith, latt 0 Smith & Turnley.
D.B.UoTCiiixas, latt of Hutching! & Orinter
SMITH St HUTCHINGS,
' "CUIBERLISD WAREHOUSE,"
Nor. 8, 1867-lf.
W. H. Tcniaiv, latt of Smith TurnUy.
E. W. Wxatiisbs, " Todd County, Kg.
TURNLET & WEATHERS,
Known a tk Hutching d) Grinter
CLARKSVILLE, . TENNESSEE.
tgV. Special attention paid to the sal of
Tobacco, Receiving and Forwarding Mer
and produce generally. Proceeds
rhanuw .itlei Make gU consignment!
, promptly ren.- ft WEATHERS.
trS-K. WITHERS, Aueu,..?cr
Nor. 22, 1867-ly.
R. T. TORIAN.
Cotton and Tobacco Factor,
J CABONDOLKT STREET,
gtJA.Liberal advances on allcoasignuicnui.
Jan. 17, 186B-6m
Cius. O. Shaxklm.
Williams & Shanklin,
VIIIUUU AXD BKTAIL
Jn. 24, 1868-flra
II. C. VBATMAIf,
IOTTON AND TOBACCO FACTORS,
iyi CARONDOLET ST Tl
NEW O It LEA. N H
Jan. 10, '68-tf.
PLANTER'S PRIZE SCREWS, SUINGLK
MACHINES, SUGAR Mll.ua,
BRASS AND IRON
Prompt attention given to orders for repairs
- . .i f Mu-hincrr. and Machine
l.leckauiithiug wtly d
Muri-h 8, IB07-1J-. .
. j. w. AMi'KasoM. . stass.
SMITH, AKDERSON & CO.,
158 We8t FourUi St., and 110 Elm St,
All goods warranted of the best material
. a Lnt.nwkin1
m Uauutacturr. North-west or. 1 earl
ami Kim streets.
Oct. 2, W67-m.
W. H. & D. M. DORRIS
Stoves. Tinware, Castings,
Grates, and House Fur
Kvery desirlptton of Tlnwnro
made up In good style.
R00FINU andtnERlQ proaiptljr
gtf- II. P. DORRW will superintend the
work and salesroom.
Kept. , 1H67-U'
ller IIaiitt-ts". Gln
lit IT, '., Aic.
W. P. Llndlcy,
DEALER IN WALL PAPER, WINDOW
Flro Screens, Paints of Eve
ry Description, Window
Glass, Putty, &c.
Two or three good workmen wanted,
Paints railed read; for uac.
.Shop at KoWt Hull.
JOHN J. THOMAS & CO.
THE TJNDER8IGNED HAVE FORMED
a partnonhip under th above ityla, for tha
parpoae or doing a general
Forwarding, Storing and Com
Tbta warehouse it aitnatcd a few hundred
yards below Trice's, on Cumberland river;
it If Fire-proof, and entirely abora high
water mark. There ii (rood turnpike
road leading to It, and it ll the nearest point
on the rlrer to Christian county.
JOHN J. THOMAS will give his nndivl
ded time and attention to the receiving,
weighing, Inspecting and telling all the To
bacco consigned to the house.
A comfortable sale room will be fitted up
in Providence. ft.8ale every week.
JOHN J. THOMAS,
JAMES W. PARISH.
: . SAM'L Q. BUCKNER.
Lin wood Landing, Teon, Ang. 9, '07-tf.
Wi J. M'CORMAC,
Wholesale and Retail Grocer,
A0 DgALIS IK
ALL KINDS OF COUXTKI PRODUCE,
118 Tlilrd Street,
Order for Goods o Manufactured Articles,
611ed with promptness and at the lowest
market price. Consignments of every de
scription carefully attended to. -
Jane Si, 1167-tr
rIt. J. M. LAItKINN
may be found at bis office, 2d floor of the
Chronicle building, at all hours, unless pro
March 1, 1867-tt
DR. H. M. ACXEE,
Office at his new residence on Franklin
street, two doors
East of the Episcopal
Jan. 11, 18C8-tf.
W. H, ARMSTRONG,
WEST SIDE PUBLIC SQUARE,
March 1, 1867-tf.
TUMBULL, KIEBY & CO.
Cotton and Tobacco Factors
Kb, 9, In I on Street,
M 9 n. Kt. Agent, will attend to ma
king advances on Produce eousigned to this
Sept. 14, 1 867-1 y.
W. B. ARMSTRONG.
KINCANNON & CO.
Of the most approved patterns of
Wrought Iron Cooking Stoves,
TIN AND SHEET IRON WARE,
And dealers in all kinds of
Cast Iron Cooking
and Heating Stoves
REPAIRING AND GUTTERING
Done i the most approved manner, on
short notice. Jan. a. io-u
Ci. V. HOTII, Afj't,
(SurtCHsor to J. F. Metalhopc t Co.,
Wholesale & Retail Dealer
IN ALL KINDS Of
Gtnfectionarks, Foreign and Dumcttic
Liquor, Wine, luit ai Nut.
Ravins returned to Clarksville for the pur
pose of resuming my old occupation as Oro-
eer, I woum soucii inmi iircunn.
rounding country a snare oi pummino.
1 will keep a lull assortment 01 rmij .ru
de in my lii.e, and am detcrmineil to sell at
the lowest CASH PRICES. Highest prices
I am also Agent for the sale of
Wllftn ritfi Cflrfcratrd Whlskry 1
U. A. KOT1I, Agvut
Juo. 26, lHC8-lf.
SIM. R. ROGERS,
Will attend to the Sale of Property,
either on the street or in the country.
Dec 0, l67-6m.
E. M. THOMAS,
Attorney at Law,
Offlre, ovrr Tuuiuni, SrUrtt k fo.'l
CLARKSVILLE, - TENN.
Oct, 25, 186T-1y.
W. aTpEFFEH, Esq.,
r. m.r.,t with all uroucr blanks and
.... huninou nnder the Bankrupt
Law. Parties wishing vt inuiuraiwi-
of the law wi.l find It to their advantage
consult him. Charges very reasonab.s.
July 5, 1SCI-U
First National Bank,
01 CLARKSTILLK, TEN.
Owned by tndlvldualaof this city and vicinity
I. t. JJIAfMOJir, OBO. B. WAltllLD,
OM. W. BILLMAI, ' (. W. MACBAB,
i. a. BORKBsaoia.
Issues no Notes of its own.
AVOIDS THAT RISE.
RECEIVES DEP08ITS, DEALS I EI
til AMOK, MILD AND SILVER AND
UNITED STATES BONDS, SELLS
BltiHT DRAFTS ON NEW
AND OTHER CITIES.
COLLECTIONS MADE AND PROMPTLY
S. P. BEAUMONT, Pret't.
W. P. HUME, Cashier.
. Feb. Jl, "68.
New Jewelry Store 1
Just opened, la connection with
Conover Bros's. Book Store,
ON FRANKLIN STREET,
Complete Assortment of Watches,
Clocks, Jewelry. Silver and
t hava aeck.-ed the services of Mr. L.
Gaucbat, just from France, who will at
tend promptly to aU repairing. All work
warranted. Very respectfully.
Feb. 21, '68-ly J. L. UKU rixu.
RUPTURE CAN, BE" (JUICED I
This Is the most efficient, comfortable, and
secure Truss in use, ooustructed upon an en
tirely new principle. All communication!
should be addressed (with stamp) to
Dr. W. II. r. JOSES,
Manufacturer and General Ag't, Nashville.
Office, cor. College and Union tts- up-stairs,
entrance on Union St
Or T. J. SHAW, M. D, Ag't
Franklin St., op. Court-bouse, Clarksville.
Feb. 7, 18C8-3m
HORACE II. LURTON,
ATTORNEY AT LAW,
Will practice in the Courts of Dickson,
Stewart and Montgomery.
Office, on Strawberry Alley opposite
B. D. JOHNSON,
Attorney at Law,
Will practice both in the Courts of Law and
Equity in the couuties of Robertson, Cheat
ham, Dickson, Stewart and Montgomery.
Office on Strawberry Alley, Clarksville,
Fel. 28, '68-Cm.
JOHN K. SMITH. J. F. bMlTH.
JOHN K. SMITH & SON,
COTTON & TOBACCO FACTORS
General Commission Merchants
NO. 41 BROAD STREET,
NEW YOltIC CITY.
V C. RMiTH will act as'onr Airent in
making advances on consignments.
Feb. 21, 1868-tf
JAMES H. MALLORY,
omce with C. U. Jones, Public Btjnare
Will sell every description of Property for
Administrators. Executors, Trustees, Agents
and Private Parties, either on the street, in
the city or country. Has much experience m
Dry Goods Auctioneering.
Will give prompt attention and make rea
sonable charges in all cases. Also,
Tobnrro Auctlouecr and General
Agent for Harrison a bneiD).
Clarksville, Jan. 24, 1868-oin.
NORTON, SLAUGHTER & CO.,
GENERAL COMMISSION MERCHANTS
NO. 40, BROAD STREET,
JXO. T. EDMUNDS, of Hopklnsvlllo, Ky.,
will aist in the Sales of Tobacco.
Jan. 24, 18f.8-fim
Cotton and Tobacco Factors
Sept. 6, 18CT-tf
WE WOVLD RESPECTFULLY IN
form the citixent of Clarksville aad vicinity
that we have secured the services of a first
U huker. and are orevared to furnish, at
Bread and Cakes, of all kinds
and all timet. Cakes ornamented In any
style when desired.
L1UON ft ELY.
Aug. 3, 1867.-lf.
Nov. 39, l't7-tf.
R. W. THOMAS, EDITOR.
A philosophic tUtetntn, inqui
ring into the adaptation of the Insti
tutions of a country to the deTelope
ment of the prosperity, virtue and
happiness of the people, will instiot
ively look to the homes of mechanics,
small farmers and laborers generally.
Their condition is an unerring meas
ure of the wisdom of the laws by
which they are governed. Ignorance,
squalid poverty and countless pen
sioners upon soup-houses and other
institutions of cheap charity, are the
most infallible signs, either of a gov
ernment intrinsically bad, or of laws
good in themselves, but most corrupt
' Nor is the reverse of this picture,
less indicative of a want of wisdom in
the structure of the government, or
in the makers, or administrators of
the laws. The gilded vanities of
sudden wealth and the more refined
luxuries of a pampered aristocracy,
are proofs of a concentration of cap
ital in the hands of a few, and a cor
responding poverty of the laboring
classes ; and whether it be true or
net, that extremes meet, it is true that
the many are not more demoralised
by poverty thaa the few are by wealth.
The vices engendered by idleness and
loxuious indulgence are more dama
ging to the body politio than those
which spring from poverty, because
wealth and high social position gild
the forme; and throw around them a
charm that ac'ds greatly to the force of
their pernicious example.
These evidences of criminal mis-
rnle are everywhere manifest. Every
department of the government stinks
with corruption ; crime and vice are
the manifestations of society for each
succeeding day, honesty, so far from
being appreciated as a virtue, is ridi
culed as a mark of simplicity and
greenness. Good men are pitied as the
ready made victims of knavery and
the man of mark is he that has grown
rich by robbing the government,
swinddling his neighbors, embessling
the money of his employers or down
right thieving. This is the state of
morals induced by the most corrupt
party that ever disgraced any age or
country. And this depravity has
been cunningly increased that it may
serve as a fitting foundation for the
despotism that can stand on uo other
In our miscellaneous reading, we
stumbled upon the following sentouce
in an address by a Catholic priest of
France to a maaonio lodge :
The Templo of Masonry is the
emblem of wTsdom ; discretion is its
base ; charity its entablature ; liberty
its device ; and equality its support
the spirit of domination finds no ad
This is a doscriptipn of Masonry
as it existed ninety-odd years ago. Is
it the same to-day ? If so, and its
members are counted by the hun
dreds of thousands, how happens it
that the boasted wisdom, charity, love
of liberty and equality and hatred of
tyranny, lay dormant through a long
and barbarous war, and are not yet
aroused, though "the spirit of domi
nation" has access to the Temple?
We are not one of the initiated, bnt
have reason to believe that tens of
thousands of the oppressors of the
South are members of the order, and
think it strange that so wido-spread
and powerful an ansociution could
not temper tho savage spirit of
the war, and does nothing to avert
the ruin brought upon the govern
ment in tho midst of peace. These
suggestions originate in tho high es
tiniatc we huve been taught to place
upon the power and lofty aims of Ma
sonry as an instrument oi gooa to
the human race.
It is unfair, however, to censure
Masonry for failing where the Chris
tian religion was powerless. The
depravity of Radicalism is controlable
by no known moral agency.
President Johnson thinks it hard
that he should be on trial when Mr-
Davis is untried, he Johnson, having
upheld the constitution, while Davis
was trying to destroy it. There are
two grave mistakes iu this short plea
forjubtice. Jeflirson Davit did not
attempt to violate the constitution and
that is the reason he has not been
tried. In the next place, Johnson is
not being tried for violating the con
stitution, but for scolding those who
are doing it. He. has violated the
constitution and for the purpose of
oppressing bit own people and sec
tion, and to be disgraced by those to
whom he f;;ld himself, is retributive
A GRAPHIC PEN PICTURE.
Andrew Johnson Physically, Mental
ly, Morally and Politically Consid
ered. The following description of the ptrxmaU,
manner and style of President Johnson, and
clear analysis of his mental make up and
character, by the accomplished correspond
ent of the New Tork World, will be Inter
esting especially to Tennessee readers, and
will be generally received at vivid, as It Is,
In the main, justi
While his integrity of aim it unquestioned
by all persons who have impartially studied
hit career, his sagacity and tact have some
times been questioned by those who estimate
his worth most hisblv. Frank br nature.
and Impulsive also, he is nevertheless slow of
tnongbt and deliberate in action. I do not
mean by this to suggest that he ever hesitates
in deciding npon a constitutional question
or a political principle. Upon these points
his decisions are given with each readiness
that tbey teem to spring from intuition. His
hesitation It rather in respect to the men
aad measures necessary to carry a principle
into effect; and though there may be a fair
difference of opinion as to whether bit pub
lic measures have been usually the wisest
that could be adopted, It is certain that be
has occasionally erred In bit judgement of
Such errors of judgment sometimes result
partially from a peculiar fact. The President
it unfortunate in impressing many people
who have accession to converse with him
with a certain distrust that might easily lead
some men who had at first approached him
with manisfettatioit of real sympathy, to
change their opinions of him, afterwards,
and thus lead him to be deceived in regard
to them. The experience of a career full of
bluer conflicts, the recollection of having
been betrayed again and again by false
friends and counsellors ; and, more than all,
the terrible anxieties of bis present office,
have gradually led him to infuse into what
was an undemonstrative demeanor before a
certain repelling severity. Hit visage, in
repose, it a mask. His manner it quiet, un
assuming, nnpropitious. It conveys to a
stranger the mere bold Intimation, "I listen;
proceed with what you have to say." Yet
an accident; the slightest turn of a conversa
tion may enable a person of quick percep
tions to break through this crust of reserve
aud obtain some indication of the man be
neath it. The manifestation may, as I re
marked before, excite an nneasy feeling of
ball distrust; for gall Is not more bitter than
the subtle, stinging significance that Mr.
Johnson, when in a sort of passive rage, has
the knack of giving to a siugle word. The
immutabilities of life are not more uncertain
than bis responses to an c Rice-seeker,
or any person, high or low, whom be baa
not learned to trust. Hit impetuosity ttrnir-
gling oat on a tndden from behind Its veil,
suirlled and bewilders bis auditor. The one
sided glimpse of the man's nature thus re
vealed, it to dinerent from the manner or tbe
man that It it not easy to decide which is
real and which is false. And this, too, even
when hit words, more strongly contrasting
with the expectation derived rom a previous
glance at hit morose features, are kind and
It baa been said of Mr. Johnson that be
hat a chronic look of being bored. - He is
bored. With a patience that few other
Presidents have possessed, he allows himself
to be bored everv day and every evenings bv
scores of people who have not the shadow of
a reasonble excuse for pestering him. Hun
dreds of little mattera that tbe President
knows nothing about, and has nothing di
rectly to do with, are submitted for his con
sideration. Hundreds of grievances that he
cannot alleviate, appeals for humble positions
in some one of tbe Executive Departments
that he cannot grant, smi.ty compliments or
assurances, which visitors offer as a poor ex
change for tbe time tbey occupy, are listened
to without a groan orsigb from the victim.
It is marvellous that even in the midst of the
confusion and care of the last two weeks
air. Johnson hat found leisure to listen to
these applications with tbe tame impassive
countenance and manner which it is bis
habit to preserve. One strong trait of hit
character it exhibited In this. Tbe people,
great or little, but particularly tbe masses of
the people, are perennially interesting to him.
He bas not only not forgotten, but is freshly
conscious all the while, of bis having risen
from an bumble rank. His hum in tbe way
pc litio is founded upon a sympathetic knowl
edge of the impulses which control tbem,
and which lie believes is not in the power of
any set of politicians to permantly turn
aside. He loves to preserve this knowledge
by constant communion with them; and to
many obscure persons who present themselves
before bim and imprest him favorably wilb
their deserts, he demeans himself more wln-
ninirlv than be does others, except bis imme
diate person and political friends, in loftier
and more sinuous walks of life.
When the President turns to receive a vis
itor he appears to be about five feet ten inches
bigb. His frame is massive aud stiong.
His bead is set on broad snouiuers, mat 100a
as if thav were fit to bear, and bad borne,
heavy loads, lie is aressea in duck, ana wi
black velvet vest renders noticeable I le spot
less shirt front and collar tbat be wears.
His salutation is perfectly courteous, aud bas
no further signinance.
In those hours when tbe voice of the poli
tician Is silent in tbe balls of the Wbite
House, and there is an interval oi peace and
rust, ha who hamos to sit alone with the
I'reeident can discern something of hit un
masked, natural self. Then be discloses
what a boiling cauldron of emotion, heated
by a steady patriotic flame, bit heart is.
Then bis attachment to prmeipU is revealed
in the discussion of whatever grave subject
may arise. Absoroea iu an imcinung
theme, he often quits bit teat and walks
rapidly to and fro across the room. He talks
quickly and spasmodically. It is curious to
remark that while the main Idea in his mind
is as clear to if at daylight, tbe process oi
reasoning from the idea is slow and ntful.
He seems to find It difficult, first, to define his
thought and its relative based on or radiat
ing from the idea perfectly to himself, and
next, to condense bit thought into concrete
sentences. Hs persevere until ue m .u-
ceeded at last in making it plain to bis near
er. This Inaptitude for condensing into few
word, on tha instant the thought tbat be as-
siros to express is probably tbe ebiel reason
why many of Ur. Johnson's extsmjioraneous
speeches are to open to criticism. Oive him
lima, and bis brain, wnien ion. uj
Um.iVali like a powerful machine, wi.l
evolve an argument pointed, condensed aud
admirable. Witness bis ouie papera, wn-u
are conceded by several of bit mott preju
diced enemies to be specimens of logic aud
diction worthy to be compared witU those o(
Madison and Jeffersoa.
Mr. Johnson, who it called a demagogue
and a political trickiter by tbe disappointed
Radicals who elected him, it very little of a
partisan in praties to be aw political lead
er. His trust in the people themaelves, Irret
nartiT. of nariiea. bas always been firm
enough to inspire him to disregard many of
the restrictions which parlies impose upon
members possessing e leas independent will
and leas noted individual convictions. Tbat
man is a demagogue truly who aetkt to In
fluence the pooKle for bis own ends. But if
to be for tbipeople, for the peoples take, and
to court tbeir sympathy in behalf of policy
wnkb a lasn boorttly bs!lset lobe lb best,
demagog-deism, the tern hat new signif
icance. Mr. Johnson, exenaced aad denonced
ontll a recent preriod by almost the entire
Kepublicaa and Democratic press of tbe
country, found, good while ago, thai the
masses were tbe only lory be could appeal tot
yet, every sentence be hat write, and every
word be ha spoken to win frefn tben a lust
recognition of the patriotic ptrrpoeet of hit
administration, have been misinterpreted.
CtAKKtviLi.t Erriiiraist. Tbe fpfrltof
enterprise which animates the business men
of our lister city, Clarksville, It worthy of
imitation by larger and more wealthy cities,
and it not lest commendable to smaller ones
who would prosper and grow. Tbe coarse
pursued by tbem can never fail to win popu
lar favor. Tbe business men of a city wbo
pnt forward their best efforts to promote the
general Interest of the farming community
will always find a growing appreciation of
It will be remembered that dnrinar last
Summer or Fall we alluded to tbe fact tbat
the leading business men, In different line
had united to sustain each other In their pe
culiar operations, and by this meant com-
tnaded a large capital, and were enabled to
pay tbe highest cash price for produce, and
tell goods cheap. We illustrated the tact, at
that lime, by showing how they afforded to
to pay $2 00 to $3 25 per bnsbel for wheat,
when Louisville buyers could not pay exceed
ing SI 75 in the same market. Similar opera
tions are being carried on now in tbe tobacco
trade. While there it a determination to
pay the highest figures for tobacco, there Is
also a purpose to sell lb cheapest goods and
The public have not failed to appreciate
this course, as is clearly manifested in the
prosperity or tne place.
Clarksville now boasts of two wholesale
house. Tbe gentlemen at tha head of these
houses are enterprising and enacting In con
junction with the tobacconists, In offering
double inducements to tbe trade. We have
reference to the firms of Crasman ft Cbesnnt,
grocerymen, and Coulter ft Hillman, dealer
in dry goods, shoe and carpeting. The ex
tensive advertising don by these bouses
means something, and cannot fail to be ap
preciated. Tbey have the largest stock ever
broagbt to that market and are bold in defy
ing competition. Crusman ft Cbesnnt. not
long since, advertised to the trade, through
out tbe country, tbat bey would tell, with
out reservation, at tbe bidder' own prices,
and are now offering equally liberal induce
Messrs. Coulter ft Hillman earry on tbeir
extensive business with perfect system. Tbe
lower story or tbeir commodious building is
oted for dry goods, etc-, the second story for
boot and shoes, and the third for carpeting,
etc. We seldom see to great a display and
tastefully arranged stock. This house also
bas an elegant private room, fitted up for tbe
accommodation of ladies who wish to try the
m oi soor ana otner ladies ware.
These house are already doing a large
jobbing trade, in addition to tbeir extensive
retail custom. And witb equally good facil
ities for purchasing, and possessing tuperior
advantage in low rents and taxes, Clarksville
it able to compete with Louisville for the
custom of country dealers, making it to the
advantage or the merchant to buy small
stocks and replenish often. In this way
Clarksville Is tapidly working into a whole
sale business. Hobertton Ktguttr.
A Bloody Battle Between Indians and
Troops In Arizona.
From Preacott Arisona) Maner, Jan. 24th,
W art indebted to the mail rider between
Prescott and Hardy ville, for the particulars
of a recent successful fight of Captain Young
and thirteen enlisted men of tbe eighth
United S Sites cavalry, and two guide, witb
band of about seventy-five Wallapait,
under tbe command of tbe chiefs Scheerum,
Wausa Yoma and Wnlapa Charley, wbo were
encamped at a place called Scbee rum's Can
on. Tbe facts are as follows :
On the night of the 14th Inst- the soldiers
surrounded the rancberira, and at daybreak,
CapU Young gave tbe signal, when tbe fight
commenced. Tbe Indians were armea wun
Henry, kipencer and Sharp's rifles, and fought
with great bravery, but the steady fire and
deadly aim of tbe troops and guide thinned
tbeir ranks fast. Tbe command fought the
Indians nearly two boars and a half, when,
having shot away nearly all their ammuni
tion, tbey retreated to the Beale Springs.
Captain Young and O'Leary killed several
Indians. Scheerum was wounded by U beary,
aud dropped bis Henry, but picked it up
again. Twenty-five Indians were teen to
fall dead or badly wounded.
Shortly after this, Lieutenant Stevenson,
with a small party of soldiers, who were
scouting in the vicinity, taw a tmok rising
and started for it, and on nearing It, were
fired into by tbe Indians, who were lying in
ambush. The Lieutenant, who was ahead,
was shot through ibe body and groin, and
fears are eoteitained that be will not live.
It seems tbat tbe Indians saw this small
party of troops, and, in order to help get
even for tbe rough treatment received at the
bands of Captain Yung's command, raised a
smok and decoyed mem to wnai mey
thought would be certain death; but they
missed their mark, as, sars tbe wounding of
the Lieutenant and one of tbe men, the little
command managed to get out of the trip
without being killed or captured. Tbe In
dians were all dressed In new soldier blouses.
A few more such raids upon us rvaliapais
as that made by Captain Young, will be
apt to put an end to their depredations.
Thev should be bunted until mey aoanuon
their murderous course, or until they are
butchered into food for coyote.
IMMUNITY FOR ASSASSINS.
Six Borsethleves and three Murder
ers Released from the Peniten
la I ha list of pardoned convicts which w
publish elsewhere will be foand the name of
four men W no were lucarcvrauiu lur m. wr
rlhla crime of murder, and three for borse-
itlinir. which latter offense in, under the
present law, punishable with death, should
tha lurv so decide. Yet the Pardoning Com
mittee bad tbe impudence to assure the pub
lie that only prisoners confined nnder wtriv.
ial" charge were to be released, ror mere
iialitiml considerations, offenders wbose
bands are red wilb tbe blood of tbeir fellow
men, and wbose antecedents would disgrace
a barbaric ago, are daily finding In restored
li baity the. reward oi ineir naaicaiism.
What was our horror and astonishment, yes
terday, to meet upon the streets, Harris, one
of the Ashland murderers. His air was de
fiant for be bad bis pardon la hi pocast
a guarantee tbat the law was not made for
men of bi lla. Aiinougn cnnricicu oi
iurv of whom at least two-thirds were mem
h ri (J I iua 1VTB4 iaKW, uiiuwu mmu -....,
- .... t i u:...,ir n.4 u. tn
alter only a ft w days deleution within the
Slat prison vails, where tbey were tbe re
cipients of All tbe courtesies generally
awarded distinguished visitors, Were let at
large through lb Intervention of tnsir leg-
Well msy tbt peopl of this Stata tear for
life end property when immunity tout) a
' is tbs yle sad not tbt J00. ir-MiUU
PROM BOSTON TO
From the Worcester, (Mas.) Spy, Fsbv 21.
The'much-talked-ol long race from Boston
to Worcester, between the horses Empire
State, of tbit city, and Ivanhoe, of Boston,
came off on Saturday, and as the result
shows, was on of the most extraordinary and
eruti imn na ever taken place in this coun
try. Tbe terms of the match were to tro.
from the Mill Dam, Boston, to Worcester, for
$400 a side, eaeb horse to carry 400 pounds.
sleighs or wheels, rain or shine, play or pay
uwing to tne dm comiuob or tho road at
tbe Mill Dam, the start Was affected from the
Charles River hotel la Brighton. Both
horse were attached to sleighs. Empire
State was driven by George R. Wesson, and
accompanied by Wifliam A. Eager, his
backer, both of this city. The word was
given to go at 10:66 o'clock, and both started
off at a moderate gait with Kmpire Slats
leading. From Brighton to Watertowa the
road was bad. the sleighing having worn
away to bare ground, and progress was
necessarily Impeded. At Watertowa tbe
sleighing became good, end Empire Stale
was still leading about fifteen rods, nnder a
strong and steady pull. He then comenced
tne long and powerful stroke for which be is
aoed, and trotted with clock-work precision
up hill and down, drawing his heavy load
behind him with apparent ease, and trotted
so well within himself that he was allowed
to go a he pleased until North boro was
reached at 12:37.
Tbe distance thus far traveled was 28 miles.
and the time one hour and 51 minute, nearly
rour minute to tbe mile. A rest or seven
minute was here taken, and gruel, wine,
water and hay offered the horse, but be re
fused, and was witb difficulty kept from run
ning away. Once more given hit bead
hs teemed to be possessed, and trotted mile
after mile at a three-minute gait, aad all tbe
time witnin oimseir and under a steady pull.
This he kept np until he reached Long Pond,
where be stopped trotting and walked into
the city, arriving at Washington square at
i:is o clock, baving come the last 10 miles
In 85 minute, and tbe whole distance 88
miles, in two hour and 33 minute, which
is a little less that a mile in fonr minutes
for tbe whole distance.
Soon after his arrival the horse became
sick, and although every effort was made to
save him, the ovei-driving bad killed him,
and be died at midnight of spasmodic colic.
ivannoe, bis competitor, was last teen at
Watertown bat arrived at Northboro long
after tbe winner had left, and finding itof no
use to follow, bis driver wisely withdrew
from the race and put np tbe horse. Em
pire State, the winner, was ooe-foarth
thoroughbred, 16 hands 1 Inch high, 1060
pounds, 10 yean old, and a light bay color.
He was raised in Kentucky, and at one time
was owned by Dan Mace, and called the
"John Horse." Hit temper was not of tbe
best, and it is said tbat be could not be used
for anything but racing purpose. Thl most
noted and fatal race without parallel for
speed, power, endurance, and thorough
gomeness, and it fully at extraordinary a feat
at that of trotting 20 mile In an hour.
Humane and sensible msn will wish It to re
main without a parallel.
From the KnoxviUe Press and Herald.
AN 1NPECVNI0V8 STATE.
WHERE 90ES TUB MONET 60 f
Nashtill, March 2, 1 868. I was detailed
at one or a guard to accompany tome mem
ben of the Penitentiary to Nashville,
who were elected to our Stale's prison, for
different periods, at the last Circuit Court of
Knox county. Among them was Smith, tbe
burglar, of KnoxviUe. It will doubtless be
good news to tbe citizens of KnoxviUe to
learn that Smith was safely delivered into tbe
custody of the keeper of tbe Penitentiary this
morning, and be will not toon commit dep
redations in our midst again. But my chief
object In visiting tbe "Hock City" was to ob
tain for tbe citixent of the good county of ,
Knox what was dne tbem on behalf or the
State, at feet for the Attorney-General, Clerk,
Sheriff, Jailor, etc. ; but imagine my aston
ishment, on presenting my claim to Col. John
M. Henry, Treasurer for the State, amount
ing to not quite eighteen hundred dollars,
when he (Henry) gravely informed me there
was not one hundred dollars en band.
Said I, "Col. Henry cannot yon pay me
the smalt sum of aevecteen hundred and
ninety dollars T many of our cltisens of
Knox expect this money paid to them within
few days." Said be, "I assure yon on the
honor of a gentleman, there It not a hun
dred dollart in the Treasury ; and, not only
that, 1 am twelve thousand dollart behind
for mooey I bare borrowed to meet expense
thst had to be met."
Tbe Treasurer is a man of honorand truth,
a gentleman who does kit whole duty. A
friend of mine whispered in my ear to-day,
that there was a leak somewhere in some
vessel. I think there is no leak in tbe ves
sel of tbe State at all, the tcKoli bottom it out
I am Informed tbat tbe Legislature will
adjourn on tbe Btb IlsL Tbey have a bill
ia tbe House now pending, to pay all sol
diers wbo served in tbe Federal army and
ware honorably discharged, one hundred dol
lars more tbao tbey have already received.
Tbey will play tbe devil paying tbe sol
diers who fought for tbeir country, one bun
dred dollars extra, when the State Is unable
to pay the poor, yea In many eases, the eery
poorest or our worthy and honorable citixena,
for services rendered tbe Bute at a tacranc
to themselves, and which the laws of our
land compelled them to render.
The Legislature might at wall vote to pay
the Kuklux, or any other men er spirits
Tbe mind of anmt member may devise
some plan to pay the soldier money out of
what they bave not got.
I will be InXnoxville in about five dayt
if mv tboe soles fail not. 1 rode here, but 1
presume will bave to walk back. There
can't. In my opinion, be money raised here
in sufficient quantity to defray tbe expense
or an bumble individual from here to Knox
ville, by rail. Yours in desperation,
Reconstruction Acts to be Decided
The Chronicle admit that th Supreme
Court will decide the reconstruction act un
constitutional, and adds s "Tb decree of tbe
Supreme Court possesses no more value than
the resolution or a town meeting, i propose
to offset it witb the New Hampshire election,
which possesses th value of being a higher
power, even than tb Supreme Court with
its political majority of one or two old men."
Speaker Colfax and other Radio Is bave de
clared repeatedly tbat Congress will not per
mit any court to overrule uis laws passed oy
taa M'CABtn-a cass.
It Is believed the decisioo in tbe McCardls
case will be only partial ; only declaring tbs
military coromisaion enconslitulional.
ussat stii ia Tin . a. a.
Col Cooper, though rejected by tbe Senate
more than a month ago, it still acting a As
sistant Secretary of the Treasury, and y ester-
dry made a great stir ia the Grand Army of
Ibe HepuUifi for tbit aistrtct oy removiag in
chief officer from bit potitiea la tbe department.
Tweaty-sla years a to, f mtve my girlish)
heart to tbe husband whose aarm I proudly
ewnv We bavt lived' through adversity and
prosperity, bnt hi Whatever condition1 ear lot
save been cast calumny be never cMret) to
email my hnsbavid'tnirm. )otwnksbSdhig
thte met, he was yesterdsy ten from bur
little family and hi Sew a prisoner la- tbe)
connty jail f bnt, thairtt God be It a prisoner
without crime. He an been tortf from hi
borne for tbe o8ne of csercisitta; the right
which are trie by the laws of the land. To
a flee country free press it as indispensable
at light It to day, h Is, in fact, the twn of
the social and political system from which
emanate the healthy influences which pro
due vitality, strength aad fertility. Fof
exercising rights which the Constitution
guarantees, my husband hat been iaeareerau
ed la jaL Not only my prayers, bat tha
prayers or all good people of both setei Will
follew him in bit prison cell. I shall not
tpeah anklndly of the man who ha sought
to degrade any husband and wbobat brought
onbappinest apoa two families. Bnt at the
principal editor and tbe local editor have
both been arrested, and no freenMB le allow.
ed to speak through the colamn of tbe Av
alanche, there It no other alternative left bat
for me to assets the positsoa forced upon)
by the prrsecutkm ead mwfortnnea
which despotism always brings apoa the no
ble and the brave. A preoonoerted arrange,
ment bat been made to crush out the paper.
It cannot be done. During the Incarceration
of my bosband aad Mr. Campbell, 1 am con.
strained to take charge of the paper, and can
be found at tbe editorial room of the Ava
lanche, and if men are not brave enough to
defend their rights and tbeif liberties, 1 trust
the paper, for tbe next ten days, will prove
that there is on woman ready to defend the
rights and the liberties which weak and timid
men teem disposed to yield.
raiav u. uallawat.
EDMUND BI7RKR OK
In hit great speech on the trial of Warren
Hastings, Edmund Burks spoke as follows r
"Nothing It more false than tbat despotism
is the constitution of any government ia Asia.
Will your Lordships submit to hear tbs cor
rupt practices of mankind made tbe princi
ple of government T Jit bave arbitrary
Kwefl My Lords, the Rait India Company
ve not arbitrary power to give blm. Your
Lordship have not i nor tbe Common i nor
the whole Legislature. We bave no arbitra
ry power to give, because arbitrary power is
a thing which neither any man can hold, nor
any man can give, no man can lawruuv
govern himself according to kit own wt'U,
mucn lest can one person be governed by the
will of another. We are all bora In ubjec
lion . all born equally high and low, gover
nors and governed, In subjection to on great,
Immutable, pre-existing law. prior to all our
devices, paramount to all our Idea, antece
dent to our very existence, by which we are
it ait ana connected In tbe eternal frame or
the universe. Tbls great law doe not arise
from our conrenlloas or compact on tb
contrary, it give to our conventions and
compact all the force and sanction they bave.
Kvery good gift is or Uod I All power la or
God I And H wbo has given tbe power.
and from whom alone it originate, Wilt
never tuner the exercise of It to be practiced
upon any leas solid foundation than the pow
er itself. If all dominion of man over man
it tbe effect of tb Divine disposition, It Is
bound by th eternal law of Him who gave
it If men were mad enough to make an
express compact tbat they should releay th
magistrate from his duty, and declare tbeir
live, liberties and properties dependent, not
upon rule or law, but npon his mere capric
ious will, the covtnant would b fid I Tbe
acceptor of it bas not his authority increased,
but bis crimes doubted. Tbe title of conquest
makes no difference. No conquest can give
such a right for conquest, that is, force,
cannot convert it own Injustice into a just
tills. By conquest, which is a mora Imme
diate designation of the band of God, tbe
conqueror succeeds to all tbe duties and sub
ordinations to the power of God, which be
longed to tbe sovereign, which be displaced.
just as If be bad come in by the positive law
of descent or election. No, my Lords I tbit
arbitrary power it not to be bad by con
quests nor can any sovereign bave It by
succession ; for no man can succeed to fraud.
rapine and violence) neither by compact.
covenantor submission, for men cannot cov
enant themselves out of their right and tbeir
duties. Those wbo give and those wbo re
ceive arbitrary power are alike criminal. It
is blaspbemy In religion, it la wickedness Its
politic, to tar that any man son has arbi
The Democratic Victories.
It thunders all around tbt tky, Tb town
elections held yesterday in New Hampshire,
Maine and New York all tell one story
overwhelming Democratic gains as compared
wun last tan, When tbe Hodlcals were every,
where beaten. With these figures before us,
it is safe to say that war a Presidential dec-
tlon to be beld next week tbe Democrat
would carry every Stat in tbt Union, except,
perhaps, Massachusetts and Iowa.
In Troy we gain twelve hundred apoa the
vote of last year ; ia Lansingbnrg three boa
dred ; la Utile two hundred and fifty i ia
itninebecK three hundred, and in several mi
nor town equally large gains. A hotly
contested town election in New Hampshire
shows so large a gain tbat if tbe Bam pro
portion holds good next week that Stat 1
sure fur the Democracy by a hand some Ma
jority. Tbe Portland election shows that tbe
popular reaction agalust Iladicalism is a
strong la tb old Pine-Tre Slate a in New
York. Kvery return tell tb same Ial, and
all condemn tbt mad majority In Congress.
lot impeacbers stand Impeached before the
bigb court of the people. York World,
THE HOUSE THAT JACK BULT."
The action of tbe Senate and House Upoa
tbe Impeachment question It a parody upon
tb nursery story of tb House tbat Jack
built "This Is th dog, that worried th
cat, tbat killed tbe rat, that ate tbe malt,
tbat lay in tbe bouse that Jack built." Tha
dog is represented by tbat amiable Represen
tative Tbad Stevens, from the State of Penn
sylvania, tbe cat by that still more escelleat
Grimalkin, Ashley, of Ohio, tbe rat I per
sonified by tbat honest, penetrating, far-seeing,
far-reacbing Butler, of Massachusetts.-.
Wade, Sumner, Bingham ft Co, represent
tb milt and th Senate Chamber tbe bouse
tbat Jack built. The nnrssry story has ob
tained no more Immortality among tbe young
children of the land, thaa will the pendinf
impeachment among the children of a larger
growth. Would to Heaven that tbe ooe ia
its origin aad results were at harmless as th
Other. -Yr York Stfrut.
More State Guards.
A bill passed the House raising anothsr
Radical army. It authorise tbe Governor
to equip and call Into tarries on or mora
regimeat of Stat Guards from each Coa
gressional District of th SUta, and to regu
lata th Governor utaff. It will be isio.ro
berad that a resolution sal voted down call
ing upon Gsn. Thomas to send additional
troops for the "protscitoo of tbe loyal citi
Mm." Tbey ware afraid to trust regular
troop, totf didn't tbelv aad murde
tlongS. .Vsiiiis ttnnrr.
1 i t