Newspaper Page Text
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GLARKSVILLETENN.y SATURDAY, JANUARY 18, 1573.
WHOLE NO. 2,146.
TURNLEY, ELY &C0.
General Commission Merchants,
CEAEKSTILLE," -J - - TEXX
Advances made on Tobacco In Store.
Mr. E. WITHERS haK returned from
Ixminville to Clarksviile and is oar Auc
We have erected a shed In New Provt
Hpnrc, opr-OKite the storeof Messrs. MeDan-
le; & uarle, where we will receive lonaceo
and dray it to our warehouse free of charge
for thoti persons wlio do not wish to haul
H to Clarksviile. Mevrn. MeDaniel A Ear
nee will receive, weigh ami receipt for To
bacco delivered ut our shed in Sew Provi
dence. Oct 1 "71 -tf.
It Q. ORINTER.
C. T. TOCKO,
.- of IjOf .M Co., Ky.
J. I "WTLLTAJCSOS,. v"5
YOUXG k (f)
Comm ission M zrcJiants
CLARKSYILLE, - TEXN.
Oct. 12, 72-0m.
W. M. SAXIEL
i Quarlesr Daniel & ,Qu2eS
Attorneys at Law,
CLARKSVILLE, - - - TENN.
Will practice tn the Courts of Montgom
ery and adjoining counties.
April i, 1SS7J-11
EDMOJTD B. LCRTOV.
CHAS. W. TVI.EB,
LURTQN 6" TYLER,
ATTORNEY' AT LAW,
Will practice in the courts of Montgom
ery and adjoining counties
June lo,'T2-tf. . "
JAMES W. RICE,
ATTORNEY AT LAW,
Will attend the courts of Montgomery,
Rtewartand HouKtnn counties.
ifliw on strawberry Alley.
Jan. 4, IST.Hy
II. M. DOAK,
Attorney at Law,
SOLICITOR IX ( HAXt EKV.
Will practice at t'larksville, Ioverand
nuOllice, on Strawberry Alley, opposite
the I 'ourt-house.
Feb. 10. lSTJ-tf
BARKER A" COURTS,
Franklin St., Sign of Sugar Hogshead.
KICII O ANDKltSON.
K. S. IlIilNKKl'llST.
ANDERSON & BRIXGIILRST,
. x 1F.AI.KHK IX
COAL, HAY, GHAUT, ESAU, E7C,
lee 23. 1K71-Iy
(Fonncrly Spurrier House.)
- . Cth Street, near JIaIn,
A. C. KKLLET,
II. C. M-l'KKlEK.
"S2 I'EK DAY."
Feb. 10. TJ-Iy
KELLEY & SPURRIER.
SAX. E. KAVET
SGilTHERN HOTEL, ,
rLARkSVII.I.r., - TEXXESSr.E,
ROACH & RAMEY, Trop'rs,
Tlilsliotel hasleen refitted and refurnished
T. D. SCOTT, - - - Proprietor.
This house is complete In all Its apDoint-
ments.iiud the tuhlc supplied with the lies t
uiemarKci aitorus, atreuHoiiatiltt rates.
Jan. 29 'iQ-tt
FAMILY GROCERIES, CONFEC
TIONERIES, TOYS, NOTIONS,
Corner Franklin and First Streets,
lias now and will k-ep in store a full as
sortment of everything usually kept In a
first'ChiMi loufeeltonei j ami Fniiiily iro
cei'. . june !". '7'J-t f.
Itotlix Old Nalooii)
Having purchased the popular
Saloon, llostaurant and Bil
Formerly owned !);. a; Itoth. 1ms lmd
t be establishment i'wly puintrd and re
fined, and it now oi-e'n to t lie public,
where nil are invited to enjoy t lie best of
Wines. Liquors. Cii;r,
and other refreshment. Ever thing kept
neat and orderly.
Aug IU, TC-tf
Hides, Furs, Wool, (iinsenr, and all
kinds or Metal,
7Wc S'jiK"-,; CLAKKSVILLE.
I am norandidateforofnce.lmt will pay
cash f4r all articles in mv line, loiue
along wiih ibeiii.
J- J- HAWLS,
Fjh ily GrocerieSjOiintry Pro
Xext door to Court-house Franklin fct.
CL1UKSVILLE. . TKXXKSSEK,
Having just openel afresh stock. Invite
hi friends and old customers to call aud
see hi in and buy
The highest market price paid for coun
try product:, stp il-u
W. II. TUHXLEY. VT. J.
W. DMERIWETHER, Jr.
T f f " ' I i J. ),
Is now making large addi
tions to his stock, and offers
inducements to' the Trade
WHOLESALE AHD RETAIL
EXTBA GOLITEH SYRUP.
in kegs, half barrels and barrels.
M ORLEANS MOUSSES.
Cruslied, Powdered and Granulated "
Xew Orleans, Clarified atid Brown
NEW CAROLINA EI0E.
Burnett's Flavoring Extracts,
13 iriiziy BEEF.
PURE CREAM TARTAR.
l'RE BI-CARB. SODA.
Pure iio(, oTnll ltincl
11 ors ford's Bread reparation,
PURE CATAWBA W1XE
Pure Cider Vinegar.
Oltl Soui-Mnsh Wliilcy.
Old reach and Apple Brandy.
Oltl French I5ranIy.
300 Bus. Clover Seed-
Orchard and II crds Grass Seeds.
BLUE GliYJSiS SEED.
With all other goods to make a complete
(trstsnd Franklin Streets.
Jan. 4, T3-tf.
70 -THE, LADIES
Who read the Chroxicle, (and of
course all do who want to keep well
posted in matters of interest,) I wish
to say k few 93 In .regard to the
Pure Mohairs, and Bl'k Alpacas
regularly kept In my stock" They
have now stood the test for several
years. Tbey have been pronounced
the cheapest in the market. They
are admitted to be the prettiest. My
assortment is very conipleta. I ask
youi to try these. goods."al have sold
large quantities.. Have just added a
Tiew supply for January, and
February Sales.' If you wirl look I
think you will be convinced that it i3
greatly to your advantage to buy,
Certainly no one can offer you greater
inducements: few, if any, as great.
To one other pepartment I also beg
your especial attention, viz :
My stock of
which has recently been supplied for
JANUARY & FEBRUARY SALES
. : )'.-. WITH
New and Choice Patterns.
' it' is my purpose to enlarge, this
branch of my business and to sell at
prices that will defycompetition. In
Oil Cloths, for halls, dining-rooms,
fire-places, rugs, eta, you can always
find choice patterns at low prices.'
To those who have never traded
with roe, I beg a ttlal this year. It
is well known that I keep the best
general stock lu this section of coun
try, and ho one even professes" to sell
any cheaper. I hope you will call. '
Very respectfully, :
B. F. COULTER.
A Happy New Year to All I
I beg to say to my friends as well as the
trading public generally, that I am still
with Mr. B. F. (Jouller, Xo. IS, Eranklin
Street, Clarksviile, Tenn., where I will al
ways be glad to see and Serve yon t the
best of my ability. My long experience in
the dry goods business may be of some
service to you in the selection of your
goods. I think I can olTcr. yon induce
ments in the way of prices and by correct
dealing, I still hopeto merityourpafon-
age. Orders entrusted t me Will be care
fully tilled and promptly attended to.
H. MADISOX ATKIXS.
READ THIS BARGAIN LIST!
Bargains in Shawls.
Bargains in Furs.
Bargains in Cloaks.
Bargains in Scarfs.
Bargains in Hats.
Bargains in Trunks. -Bargains
Bargains in Gloves.
Bargains in Hosiery.
Bargains in Hahdk'chf s
Bargains in Dress Goods.'
Bargains in Domestics.
Bargains in Carpetings.
Bargains in Shades.
Bargains in Damasks.
Bargains in bl'k Silks.
Bargains in fi'k Alpacas
Bargains in Bed ticking
At COULTER'S J
All the time.
I thank my friends in Clarksviile and
country fer their pat J'ige given me per
sonally, and hope they will continue to do
so In future. I can always be found at the
well known house of Ik F. Coulter, and
anxious to show a (Stock of Goods always
large and well assorted, and at the very
lowext prices. AH orders entrusted my
care shall havi careful and prompt atten
WILLIAM F, COULTER.
For fancy Cassi meres, black Cloths,
black Doekins, Linen Bosom Shirts,
Hocks, Kusjiendors, Gloves, remember
that special inducements are ottered
by B. F. COULTER,
. IS Franklin St- (larksTllle.
Call at Coulter's for lieady-niade
Bargains in Clothing 1
Bargains in Clothing!'
Bargains in Clothing !
At B. F. COULTER'S.
JOHN 15. COULTER,
li. T COULTER,
Rciilerin I'ry Goods, Boots, Shoes, Hails.
Keady-made Clothing, Carpets and
&c. Xo. IS, Franklin Street,
Where he will be pleased, at all times, to
wait upon his friends with inducements
that cannot tail to fclve entire satisfaction.
Jeans! Jeans! Linseys!
If you want Woolen Goods, dou't
foil to call on
B. F. COULTER.
Readers of- the Chronicle,
There are many reasons why you
should regularly visit my store. The
main one is, you Will generally find
the best eeleetiou of goods in the
raarket, and always at reasonable
i) -ices. I wantyourcustom this year.
1 shall do mv utmost to show vou
tha t it Is your iuterest to buy. regu
larly at my house. 1 expect to do an
in my power to please every one.
When you want an article be sure to
call. I keep a large line of goods not
li. F. COULTER.
Clarksviile, Jan.. 4, 1ST3.
E. W. TH03TAS. Editor.
J. BJLLDTVIX, Associate Editor.
TERMS t 83.00 VS ADVANCE.
CLARKSYILLE, JAU. 18, 183,
xurrFAcrrEixG iy ciabkstiue,
A Practical Plan Proposed.
To establish manufactories in this
city has become a necessity to all class
es, not only in Clarksviile hut alao in
the surrounding country. It matters
not what one's profession or calling
may be, all are alike interested in the
consummation of some practical plan
by which the volume and variety of
business may be inpreascd,,and.a bet
ter market created for t agncultura
products. We are all striving to make
money. The common want of the
world is money. M our daily labors
and constant endeavors are for money.
Some seek it for purely selfish pur
poses; ptners toil lor it wun more
generous aims. Some strive for great
wealth; others feel that they would
be contented with a moderate compe
tence. But all want money. And yet
the fact stares as in the face, however
unwilling we may he to acknowledge
it, that, in this section, there , is little
chance to gain except through another's
loss. As we are now situated, it is in
disputably true, that opportunities to
make money here, without unin tention
ally impoverishing the community or
some portion ofit, are exceedingly lim
ited.' We do not wish to be misunder
stood. Some of our people are doing
profitable business ; and, so far as we
know, all are striving in a legitimate
way either to increase their wealth or,
at least to make an honest living. VWe
wish to he understood as giving credit
to all our fellow-citizens for the same
honesty of purpose and integrity in
their daily transactions which we
claim for ourselves. Indeed, we as
sert with confidence, that, in this city
and in the surrounding country, we
have an unusually large number of
high toned, honorable business men
W are proud of the commercial -up-.
Tightness and fair dealing of our com
in unity. But it is none the less true
that, inasmuch as we consume all, if
not more than all, we produce, general
wealth is augmented, if at all, very
slightly; and hence the individual
can accumulate only at the expense of
his fellows. " Let' us 'enumerate some
of the facts, which bear npon this
1. We manufacture hardly anything
which we use. This pen, ink and pa
per, the clothes which we wear, that
grate, coal-scuttle and . shovel, these
books of reference, our carpets, window-curtains
and blankets, every nail,
screw and bolt wincn we use, our
buckets and tubs, ax-helves, clothes
pins, and, in short, almost every man
ufactured article used by civilized
man, from the cradle to the coffin, is
made abroad and brought to us over
long lines of transportation. And we
pay not only the cost of production
but also, in the opurse of a year, vast
sums for freight and handling. It is
true, that not far from here are a few
furnaces, (most of them operating
upon a small scale,) that make some iron
of excellent quality, but not much
more than the amount consumed in
this section in one form or another.
2. The best iron produced on the
western continent is made within forty
miles of Clarksviile. : Yet before that
iron is wrought into available shapes
for use, that is, manufactured into
railroad iron nails, horse-shoes, etc.,
it i transported atgreatcoft hundreds
of miles, and finally brought back and
sold here with all the charges for man
ufacturing, commissions and freight
added. ; For example, we wish to pur
chase a steam engine. If there were a
rolling mill here for the manufacture of
puddled iron, and such a machine shop
as Clarksviile ought to have, we could
buy it here and save considerable ex
pense in the way of freights. And,
what is stilUnore important, the mon
ey, which we would pay our home man
ufacturers, would be paid out by them
agayi as wages to their mechanics and
laborers. They, in turn, would go in
to our market and pay it over to the
farmers and producers, generally, of
the surrounding country for the neces
saries of life. .
3. We have beautiful. and fertile
farming lands all around us. Our
farmers are generally rewarded for
their labor with bountiful crops. Our
climate is mild and favorable to out
door work the year round. And yet
there is a discouragement in one tre
mendous disadvantage, that out-weighs
all the natural advantages with which
we are so blessed. The single word
ftiEic.HT expresses it all. Not having
Fuilt up manufactories in our midst,
having no large population of artisans
and workmen to cousumc the products
of the soil, near at home, and without
expensive transportation to some dis
tant place, farmers are told, (as they
were told in this city not two months
ago,) that they must take Louisville
prices less the freight to that point.
The prices paid at the pork house
here, during last month, for hogs were
less than the prices paid in Louisville
by the cost of transportation to .that
point. Xow, if there had existed, at
that time, a population of fifteen or
twenty thousand in this city, drawn
hither by the establishment of manu
factories, our f irmcrs could have sold
in the market thus created hero, and
would have realized all that they did as
and much more as would have paid the
transportation to Louisville. This is
true also of other farm products. But
the difficulty ia greatly increased by
the present lack of competing lines of
4. Considering then, that we manu
facture little or nothing, and that our
agricultural products must be sold at
a great disadvantage, it would be a
wonder if the aggregate wealth of our
community were to increase, as long as
the prescut condition of things con
tinues. There are here and there in
stances of individual gain, but a com
munity can increase its wealth only by
productive labor. Agriculture alone
will not enrich a people; it mnst be
combined with manufactures and trade,
in order to make those engaged in it
truly prosperous. j .
In view of all these facts, we pro
pose a plan of co-operation, by which
every particle of financial strength, not
otherwise employed, in our communi
ty may be united, and all directed to the
development of . manufactures. . We
have capitalists among us,, who could
do this. But whether they will or not.
they have the right to do as they please
with their own money. ; If they wil
help us, so much the better: but i;
they will not, we believe it can be shown
that by small capitalists, and each
man who can help a little, combining
together, we can initiate the establish
ment -of manufactories in this city.
We do not propose a joint stock com
pany. Manufactories to be successful
require the directingenergiesandjudg
ment of one who has a moneyed inter
est at stake. Our plan can be found
fully set forth on the third page of
DEATH OF 5AP0LE0X III.
At Chiselhurst, Jan. 9th, at25 min
utes past 10 o'clock, A. M., died
Charles Louis Napoleon Bonaparte,
in the 65th year of his age. He was
born in Paris on the 20th of April, 1S0S,
A fewvdays previous to bis death a
surgical operation had been perform
ed upon nim for gravel, which was
shortly afterward followed by a sec
ond operation. . The physicians who
attended him, had agreed, upon con
sultation, to perform a third opera
tion at noon on the day of his death.
He suffered much, but endured pain
with great fortitude. His death took
every one both at Chiselhurst and
London iy surprise. The physicians
state that death resulted from causes
independent of the surgical opera
tions to which the patient was sub
jected. , The body will be interred at
Chiselhurst until it can be removed
When news" of the death was re
ceived in Paris, the Imperialists, of
course, were profoundly affected and
appeared to "regard the event as a
final blow to their hopes. The Mcs
sager de JParis, an influential finance
organ, closes a brief article with the fol
lowing tribute: "The disasters which
have made shipwreck of the Empire,
will not . cause to be forgotten the
great services Nopoleon has render
ed to the nation in re-establishing or
der and developing the prosperity of
An exchange says that the ap
pointment of Orr, of South Carolina,
Minister to Russia, is conclusive
proof that Grant feels no hostility
to the South. - Oh the contrary, we
think it is evidence of abiding
hostility to that section. Rewarding
such treason to the Constitution and
the liberties of the people, is a trick
whereby other men of similar mold,
may be enticed into the ranks of the
enemies of free government. Grant
has had ample opportunities for dis
playing good will to the South, and in
more signal manner than re
warding a jouthern partisan, but. hav
ing failed to avail himself of them, the
inference i3 conclusive against the sug
gestion .that, in rewarding Orr he was
actuated by the feeling imputed to
THE GOVERNOR'S MESSAGE.
We publish the following extracts
from the Governors message. Jot
having space for. the entire message,
we reprint only such portions as are
ikely to be of most interest to our
I resnectfullv sueeest that yoUTrhnd
the entire bonded debt of the state,.
including, of course, the past due cou
nons in a new series of bonds running
forty years to maturity, bearing inter
est at the rate of six per cent, per an
num, payable in January and July of
I further recommend tnat interest
h raid only upon the funded debt.
and that provision be made for such
payment to commence as cany as may
not be oppressive to the tax-payer.
No good reason can be seen, why the
navmenf of interest on this debtl when
funded, should not commence as early
as July, 1S74. . -
This measure, it adopted, should
nrovide. also, for the funding of all
well ascertained liabilities of the State,
other than what is recognized a3 the
I recommend, too, that you declare
whether or not the State shall pay in
terest upon bonds, alter their matu
rity, until funded. There is no legis-
ative recognition ot such liabilities by
the State, and the authorities on the
subject arc conflicting.
In any event, l advise a repeal oi an
existing laws, authorizing the lund
ing or novation of bonds and coupons.
They are partial, and to some extent
difficult of interpretation.
The assessment of property for tax.
ation and especially of real estate, is
unequally made in many instances.
In mv messasre to the Thirty-seventh
General Assembly, I said, upon this
I therefore, recommend that, as an
amendment to the present system, the
ounty Courts be required to appoint.
for their respective counties, a Board
of Revenue Assessors, consisting of
throe or five men. who shall be charg
ed with the duty of assessing all taxa
, ij,. -
ble property in tneir respective coun
ties, and that they shall be required
to base their valuation of all lands up
on the written evidence, in the form
of depositions, of not less than three
resident freeholders of the civil dis
trict in which the lauds are situated.
touching the value of each tract of
and in their district: said depositions
to be taken in the civil districts where
the land lies, before some Justice of
the Peace of said district, by whom
the depositions shall be returned to
the Board of Assessors on or before
the day of in each year, and
filed by them with their returns to the
And, inasmuch as there is generally
no standard of cash values affixed to
lands, the value upon certain credits
to be fixed by law should first be ascer
tained by the Assessors from the proof,
and then they should reduce it to a
cash basis by a uniform rule, to be
prescribed by law. No freeholder who
is willing to bear his just proportion
of the public burthens, in considera
tion of the protection afforded his life
and property by the Government, can
complain of this system. The testi
mony of his neichbors is invoked to do i
mstice between mm ani tne oiaie.
rrt , 1 -I A- I.' t
1 ne same ruie is appueu hi nis neign
bor. All landholders are placed upon
an equality, and pay taxes in propor
tion to the actual value of land owned
by each. :
These recommendations were not
adopted, and I now renew them. The
reportsof the Comptroller and Ireas-
urer, now Deiore you, demonstrates
that the measures adopted instead,
aye failed to remedy the evils sug
gested, and it is evident that the whole
law of assessment should be thorough
ly remodeled in' order to reach a just
and uniform system of assessing the
entire taxable property of the State.
i CRIMINAL PROSECUTIONS
The great expense attending the ex
ecution of our criminal law has been
often referred to by State officials, and
3et the evil is not abated, but instead,
the cost of criminal prosecutions is.
jear aiier year, increasing, . until in
some localities the amount actually
paid outot the treasury lor this pur
po3e, exceeds the entire revenue de
rived by the State from that locality,
and we have the strange anomaly pre
sented to us, of the crime of a com
munity, proving a source of revenue
to that community.' The Oomntrnl
ler's report will show an alarming in
crease in the cost of criminal prose
cutions. It is believed that more
strintrent provisions for tTiA etaminn.
tion of bills of cost by the officers of
the Criminal Courts should be made
and- enforced. In other States, the
system ot requiring the several coun
ties to pay the costs of their criminal
prosecutions, has had a most benefi
cial effect, and I would urge upon the
General Assembly the adoption of that
system, inasmuch as it brings home to
the immediate notice of the tax payers,
the expense of such prosecutions, and
the irregularities and impositions prac
ticed in making up these bills of cost
The conveyance of prisoners after
conviction to the penitentiary is also
attended with more cost than is nec
essary, and might, perhaps, be to some
extent avoided by adapting the pay of
officers and guards and the rates of
milage to the cheapened modes of
COCNTT WORK HOUSES. '
The last General Assembly veTv fa
vorable considered the recommenda
tions of this system, as a means of
preventing crime and economizing the
cost of administering the criminal law.
But the measure was not adonted.
More deeply impressed now than ever
of the salutary effect of a carefully
prepared and well executed law, pro
viding for the establishment by the
counties of work-houses, for the pun
ishment of misdemeanors and petit
larceny, i renew the recommendation
on the subject made to the 37th General
By the establishment of a proper
system ot work houses in each county
greater part of this burden.
More than one-third of the 710 in
mates now in the State Prison are un
dergoing punishment for the crime of
I would respectfully recommend that
the criminal laws be so amended as to
provide for the punishment of this of
fense as well as others of the same
grade, as well as all cases of misde
meanor, by conhnemcnt and labor in
the several counties where the law niav
have been violated. By labor upon
the public roads, bridges and buildings,
the prisoners may be made to reimburse
the county for the expense of their
confinement, and thc,cost of convic
tion, which ought in the first instance
to be paid out of the county revenue.
. PUBLIC ROADS. '
It would scarcely be possiblo to de
vise a worse system than we now have
for the laying out and improvement of
our country roads. Bad as the law is,
it is not executed. Next to a preser
vation of the peace of society there is
no question in which the people of the
State are more vitally interested. Many
localities are dependent alone upon
the common "dirt road" for their
channels of trade and commerce. They
can reach their, school houses and
churches and markets alone, over this
class of thoroughfares. In winter they
are often impassible, and the farmer is
denied a market for his produce when
most in demand and commanding the
best prices. Labor tails in this way to
meet its just reward, and, in the midst
ot discouragement, is paralyzed. 1 he
result is produce rots on the spotwhere
it grew, and lands are not improved
and cultivated to the measure of their
The remedy lies in not only improv
ing the law, but in affording ample fa
cilities for its execution, and providing
adequate penalties, without discretion
in their visitation, against those who
fail to meet its requirements.
Some of the evils might be remedied
by the appointment of a Eoad Com
missioner or Commissioners for each
county, charged with the duty of hav
ing the roadlaw enforced, and report
ing its violation. If authorized bylaw
to do so, many of the counties would,
doubtless, assess a tax to sustain their
REMINICEXCES OF THE TURF.
BT HOJf. BAL1K PETT021. SO. VI.
Uncle Berry, I find, arrived in Ten
nessee in the month of February, 1S0C,
aud not in ISO!) as stated in a previous
number. In the spring of that year
he made a match of mile heats, $500 a
side, oyer the Hartsyijle Course, with
Henrietta against Cotton's Cygnet,
which he won.
The old men of the neighborhood
manifested great sympathy for the
youug stranger, and predicted that
Lazarus Cotton would ruin him.
This was his first race in Tennessee,
and I witnessed his last, which was
run over the Albion Course at Galla
tin, in 1802.
Shortly after the race at Hartsville,
Uncle Berry trained a famous quarter
race mare called Sallie Friar, by Jolly
Friar, and made a match for $500 a
side, which was run on Goose Creek,
near the Poison Knob. Sallie was
the winner, and she was afterwards
purchased by Patton Anderson, who
ran hor with gre-.t success.
In the fail of 1SM Uncle Berry won
with Post Boy, the Jockey Club purse,'
three mile heats, at uallatin, beating
General Jackson's Escape and others.
Escape was the favorite, and the Gen
eral aud Mrs. Jackson, who were pres
ent, btcked him freelcy. Before this
race he sold Post Boy to Messrs. Rich
ard and Win. L. Alexander, for $l,fXM,
in the event of his winning the race,
after which he Was withdrawn from
the turf. Here he first met Gen. Jack
son and made a match with him on
Henrietta against Bibb's mare for
$1,(U0 a bide, two mile hosts, equal
weights, though the General's man
was two years oliler than Henrietta,
to come off in the spring of 18)7 at
Clover Bottom. The result proved
that Uncle Bern underrated the hors
es and trainers of the Tennessee turf,
as the General's ni.ire, a thoroughbred
daughter of imported Biomed, won
The General, tliouth deprived of
the pleasure of being present on that
interesting occasion, (havingbeen sum
moned as a witness in the trial of
Aaron Burr at Richmond.) showed
that his heart was i;i the race, as ap
pears from a letter to his friend Pat
totj Anderson, dated June 10, and pub
lished in Parton's Life of Jackson,
from which I quote: "At the race I
hojie you will see Mrs. Jackson : tell
her not to be uneasy. I will be home
as soon as my obedience to the pre
cept of my country will permit. I
h ive only to add as to the cice, that
mare of Williams1 is thought here to be
a fir.-.t-rate animal of her size; but if
she can be put up, she will fail in one
boat. It will bo then' projier to pnt
her uptoall the knows at once." This
is Jacksonian. Not many men wonld
take the responsibility of giving orders
of how to run a race at the distance of
five hnndrcd miles. This error of un
derrating an adversary, especially snch
an adversary, was a heavy blow to Un
eld Berry, from which he did not filly
recover until he Ftarted Haynie's Ma
ria, mounted by Monkey Simon, against
Not long after this defeat he set out
to search for a horse with which to
beat Gen. Jackson, and purchased from
General Wade Hampton, of South
Carolina, a gelding called Omar, bring
ing him to Tennessee. After recruit
ing his horse at Captain Alexander's,
near Hartsville. he went to Nashvilla
and ottered Gen. Jackson a match for
$1,000 a side, three mile heats, accord
ins; to rule. This the General declined,
offering instead the same terms as to
weight as in the former race, in which
he was allowed two years advantage ;
a proposition which, of course, was
- Unable to get a race in Tennessee,
Uncle Berry took his horse to Natchez,
Mississippi, traveling throusrh the
swamps of the Chickasaw and Choctaw
nations, and entered him in a stake,
three mile heats, $200 entrance ; but
his bad luck pursued him, and just
betore the race his horse snagged his
foot, and he paid forfeit. He remain
ed near Natchez twelve months, and
nursed his horse as no other man could
have done, until he was perfectly re
stored to health, and in condition for
the approaching fall races of 1SU8.
Writing to Colonel George Elliott, he
urged him to come to Natchez and
bring fifteen or twenty horses to bet
on Omar, and also to bring Monkey
i?inion to-nde him, which Colonel Ll
liott did. .
Simon's appearance on the field
alarmed the trainer of the other horse.
who had known him in South Caro
lina, and suspecting that Omar was a
bite, he paid forfeit.
. As Simon was a distinguished char
acter and made a conspicuous figure on
the turf of Tennessee for many years,
it may be well to give some account of
him. Hi3 sobriquet of "Monkey Si
mon" conveys a forcible idea of his
appearance. II was a native African
and was brought with his parents when
quite young to outn uaronua, Deiore
the prohibition of the slave trade took
effect. In height he was four feet six
inches and weighed one ' hundred
pounds. 'lie was a hunch back with
very short body and remarkably long
arms and legs. His color and hair
were African, but his features were
not. He had a long head and face, a
high and delicate nose, a narrow but
prominent forehead, and a mouth in
dicative of humor and firmness. It
was rumored that Simon was a Prince
in his native country. I asked Uncle
Berry the other day if he thought it
was true. He replied, "I don't know ;
they said bo, and if the Prince3 there
had more sense than the rest, he
must have been one of 'em, for he was
the smartest negro I ever saw." Coi.
Elliott, speaking of Simon after his
death, said be was the coolest, bravest,
wisest rider he eversaw mount a horse,
in which opinion Uncle Berry fully
concurs. . . 1
Simon was an inimitable banjo play
er aud improvised his songs, making
humorous hits at everybody; even
Gen. Jackson did not escape him. In
deed, no man was his superior in rep
artee. On one occasion Colonel Elliott and
James Jackson, with a view to a match
race for $1.0tK a side, a dash of two
miles, on Paddy Cary against Colonel
Step's mare, consented to lend him
Simon to ride the mare.
Col. Step not only gave Simon $100-
in the race, but stimulated his pride
by saying they thought they eould win
races without him, whereas he knew
their success was owing to Simon's
riding. Somewhat offended at the
idea of being lent out, and by no means
indifferent to the money, Simon re
solved to win the race if possible ; and
nodding his head said, "I'll show 'em."
The mare had the speed of Paddy and
took the track, and Simon by his con
summate skill and by intimidating
the other rider, managed to run-him
far out on the turns while he rested
his mare for a brush on the stretches.
On reaching the last turn Simon
found the mare pretty tired and Paddy,
a game four miler, locked with her,
and he boldly swung out so far a to
leave Paddy in the fence corner. The
boy came up and attempted to pass on
the inside, but Simon headed him off,
and growled at him all the way down
the quarter stretch, beating him out
by a'neck. Simon could come within
a hair's breadth of foul riding and yet
escape the penalty. Col. Elliott lost
his temper, which he rarely, did, and
abused Simon, saying "not satisfied
with making Paddy run forty feet fur
ther than the mare on every turn, he
must ride foul all the way down the
The Colonel repeated these charges
until at length Simon answered him
with "Well, Col. Elliott, (as he always
called him.) I've won many a race that
way for you, and it is the first time I
ever heard you object to it."-Bural S'mjj
American Effort for the Abolition
the Shire Trade,
The United States steamshsp Yan
tic, commanded by Captain Wilson,
arrived at Zanzibar, Dec. 10th, after a
voyage from Norfolk and through the
On the next day, nis Highness, the
Sultan, being duly nptified j Mr. John
F, Webb. United Sutes Consul, and
Captain Wilson, accompanied by the
officers of the Yantie, paid a visit to
Burgbash, Prince of Zanzibar . and
Peneba, and tho African coast from
the Jub to the Mozambique.
The usual Oriental courtesies of cof
fee and sherbet being given and ac
cepted, Captain Wilson, through Con
sul Webb, expressed the sentiments of
the American people as regards the
East African slave trade, and the hope
that he would consent to tho abroga
tion of the clause which permits sla
very to Zanzibar and to British do
minion territory, contained in . the
treaty made with England in lCM.
The Sultan, in reply, promised that
he would consult with his Vizier, and
give his answer in a few days.
On the 17th of Dec, the reply of
Prince Burghash was received in an
swer to the demands of Captain Wil
son for the abrogition of the slave
clause. The answer was briefly as fol
lows: "Thirty-three years ago, I was
forbidden by my father, Seyd Seyd, to
export slaves to the territory of Mus
cat. Since that time, the only slaves
that arrive at Muscat from East Af
rica, are conveyed thither surrepti
tiously without my knowledge or con
sent The chiefs of the tribes of
Owan along the Persian Gulf dispatch
their ships to Moinbas aud Kilwa fur
slaves and return to their own coast
with cargoes unknown to nie. But
since the American people, whom I
love, wish me to exert greater efforts
for the suppression of this traffic, I
give you my promise that such efforts
will not be wanting, tor it is my own
sincere wish that the slave trade should
Mrs. Joaquin Miller lectures on
her husband, and travels abroad to
do so. In this she is an exception to
the general rule, under which it is
supposed most women lecture on their
husbands and them without leaving
home. She made her appearance at
Chicago last week, but created no sen
sation or great sympathy. The spec
tacle of divided house-holds is too
common in Chicago to challenge much
notice. Mrs Miller will find it easier
to get a divorce there than an audi
ence, although she is a lady of talent
and has an attractive way of telling
her story. Jf she could only elicit a
reply from her shaggy headed husband-poet
and goad him into an ap
pearance before the footlights to tell
his side of the controversy, and
assert that she burned the buckwheat
cakes while flirting with the hired
man on the back porch, the case would
easily work up some public attention,
and folks could take sides. Like
poetical people, Joaquin has a poor
taste for the routine of domestic life,
and prefers to fly to evils that he
knows not of rather than endure what
he has already tried. Memp. Ledger.
A PBEACUKa X.OTE STOUT.
. Marian Douglass contributes to the At
lantic Monthly a quaint poem, "Beor
the Wedding," which relates the experi
ence of a inaldea and Metohdlst revival
preacher. W quote a portion ot It :
But when I came to hear him preach.
He told the tiosjiel story
So tliriUiiiijty, tii rough aTl the grove
Went no one shout of "Glory V
Roueh men were bowed, hRrd sinners wept,
i innwi ins power to notu roe;
His glowing fervor, like a spell,
Ac ji)t my will controlled me.
For who In he?" I said, my own. . ;
Admirinjr hor.ehts reproving.
"A ilet.iodist itinerant,
Who keep forever moving
Jut two years in a place. "
"That's too hard a wav." thought I,
"To run the Christian race!" -
1 said the preacher pleased me not
I did not wish to meet lmn ;
And when we met, I tried to see
How coldly formal I could be, .
And courteously treat him.
I'ut when n woman tries to bate,
Be sore it's loTe beginning;
The more I f -owned, the more I felt
That he my heart was winning.
1 ull (may theIord torsive!") I found
Thechl.ss. nuless he led it.
And .weeter seemed the blesxed word
Of Scripture, if he read it.
And from the closing love-feast, when.
As we walked home together,
lie led me down a quiet path
And cail in I y staged me whether
My future should be one with his,"
And I must t ake or lose him,
I felt my hold on earthlv Joy
Was lot should I refuse him.
"But, if love, there's bat one way,"
I said, "my love of proving;
And I am willing, for your take,
To keep forever moving,
Moving, moving, moving
Just two years in a place
Happy, whereno'er I go, -
if I but see your lace !" -
FABLED ORIGIN OF THE TLYE.
When Bacchus was young, he
journeyed through Hellas, to Naxia ;
and as the way was very long, he grew
tired and sat down upon a stone to
rest. As he sat there, with his eyes
upon the ground, he saw a little plant
springing up, between his feet, and
was so much pleased with it that he
demtermined to take it with him to
Naxia. He took it and carried .it
away with him ; but, as the sun was
very hot, he feared it might wither
before he reached his destination.
He found a bird's skeleton, into which
he thrust the plant, and went on. But in
his hand the plant sprouted sc fast that
it started the bones above and below.
This gave him fresh fear of its with
ering, and he cast about for a remedy.
He found a lion's bone, which was
thicker than the bird's skeleton, and
he stuck the skeleton, with the plant
in it, into the bone of the lion. Ere
long, however, the plant grew out of
the. lion's bone likewise. Then he
found the bone of an asa, larger Etill
than that of the lion, so he put the
lion's bone, containing the bird's skel
eton and the plant, into the ass's bone
and thus made his w. y to Naxia. When
about to set the plant, he fornd that,
the roots had entwined themselves
around the bird's skeleton, . and the
lion's bone and the ass's bone ; and as
he could not take it out without dam
aging the roots, he planted it as it was,
and it came speedily and bore, to his
great joy, the most delicious grapes,
from which he' made the first wine
and gave it to men to drink. But be
hu!4a miracle t When men drank of
it, they first sang like birds; next, af
ter drinking a little more, they became
vigorous and gallant like; but when
they drank more still, they began to
behave like asses.
Lesson. Bones best manure for
The nest and the Freight Question.
The question of cheap transporta
tion to market for the produce of the
West is one that is constantly dia
cusoed and agitated by the people
and the oresa of that section. The
Missoivi lU'publicau mustere a form
idable array of States w shed by the
three great rivers -of the West, the
Mississippi, Missouri and Ohio, which
number fifteen, being as follows : Ar
kansas, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kan
sas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Minneso
ta, Mississippi, Missouri, Nebraska,
Ohio, Tennessee, West Virginia and
Wisconsin. The aggregate popula
tiou of these States is ib,841,49o, the
aggregate wealth 10,819,170,014, and
their aggregate representation in
Congress SO Senators and 120 mem
bers of the House. The Republican
declares that interest so large and
power so formidable should be able to
compel the national Legislature to
improve navigation in such manner
an to afford the needed facilities to
market. It says the problem to be
worked out is to secure a minimum
low water depth of five feet in the
Ohio and seven feet in the Mississip
pi. Of course the scheme, if prac
ticable, would cost many millions of
dollars. The Republican suggests
that it may be advisable to call a
convention of the States interested,
for the purpose of maturing a meas
ure and deciding upon a plan of ac
tion. Richmond ( Ya.) Whig.
The Largest Bec-hlTe In the World.
In Loa Angelos county, California,
on the eastern slope of the Han Fer
nando range of mountains, and in
the immediate vicinity ot the Learn
ing Petroleum Company's nil region,
there Is the most wonderful collec
tion of wild honey in existence. The
hive is located ia a rift, which pen
etrates the rock to the depth of prot
ably one hundred and sixty feet. The
orifice is thirty feet long atil seven
teen feet wide; four passages. Thin
rift was discovered to be the abiding
place of a swarm of bees, that is rep
resented as coming out in a nearly
solid column one foot in diameter.
Certain parties have endeavored to
descend to the immense store of hon
ey collected by these bees, but were
invariably driven back, andoue man
lost his life in tlieellort. Others have,
at the expense of much Ialor and
money, built a scaffold 125 ft. high,
in the hope of reaching a place
whence they could run a drift into
the rock and extract it well hoard
ed sweets, but finally ceased their
work- Within four years the bees
have added not lew than fifteen ft.
of depth to their treasure, ascertain
ed by actual measurement, and it is
thought that at the present time
there cannot be les than eight or
ten tons of honey iu the rock.
Ants in Brazil. A correspondent
of the Boston Globe, writing from
Brazil, says there is a species of ant in
that country whose visits arc very much
to be dreaded, tor they come in count
less numbers, frequently taking pos
session and overrunning a dwelling
when hi their track, driving the in
mates therefrom, and destroying every
thing eatable on the premises. hen
seen anproarhing they can only be
stopped or the head of the column
turned by fire; they will succeed in
passing every other barrier. On as
cending the Corcovardo we discovered
a colony of them crossing the railway
high up on the mouutains. They were
coming from above, crossing the road
and deeending on the other- side.
They came in a column three or four
inches wide, as thick as they could be
packed, and rushing along with great
rapidity. How loug they had teen
passing before we saw them is of course
unknown, but four hours later the
stream was unabated and seemingly
inexhaustible. 'We found it impossi
ble to break the line without its being
immediately reformed. They seemed
to know by instinct the direction
taken by those passing, and never de
viated in the slightest from the proper
route. The attempt was also attended
with some inconvenience if great care
w.n not taken, for the stream never
stopped ; it kept pouring down, and in
a vry ehorttims you found yourself
surrounded, and iu some danger of
being overrun if not captured. It
is said they will remove the flesh from
the carcass of an ox or horse In a few
hours, leaving the bones perfectly
Consumption, in some parts of
America, causes twenty-eight out of
etery hundred deaths.
COULTER'S ; C01UMIT.
To "be Sold
In January, 1373 1
1 Lar-e and Choice Stock of
Bleached Domestics, Irish Linens,
Bleached and Brown Sheetings 10
i and 11-4, Sea Island Shirtings,
Canton Flannels, Fillow
Case Cottons and ether pomcsfJc
Goods. All the aoore at Low Friers
B. F. COULTER.
For Sals in Jan. and Feb.
A Large Lot or Choice GOODS and
SHOES, For MeBt Bojs and Calld
ren. Fnll Stock or ZLECLIK'S Cele
brated SHOES and other ChoIe
Goods, at the Lowest Market Pri
B. F. COULTEK'S.
READER, Bay roar Shoe- or
of me this Tear. Bay yosr Hoot
also, I keep the best. I sell at loir
prices ; no one can do better, icry
few can do as well. I am gtTtns
my Customers every advantage I
can. I want to Increase mj busi
ness. To do this, I shall keep very
large Stocks and sell at intrormlj
LOW PRICES. Be sere to
call at So. 18, Franklin Street.
B. F. C0ULTES.
I would inform my friends and acquaint
ances that I shall remain the present year
no Mr. uir. Coulter, and if thev will
call for me I.will make it to their Interest
by giving the lowest prices and best selec
tions In the stock. It will be to my inter
est, aa well as that of the hou.se, and I
therefore urge . my friends to trade with
me,a.Miringthem that their favors will be
M. C. NORTHINGTON.
Bargains at Coulters'
To Kednce Stock or Goods!!
Extra Inducements Offered ! I
Begin the New Tear at Low
Prices ! !
If yon haTo nerer traded with
Try Mc This Year !
3Ij stock U oneqnaled lathis
section. Jly prices are as low
as the lowest.
I OFFER EXTRA B.1IC.IIK n
Carpetings, Oil Cloths, 'Damasks,
Sbades, Rngs, Mats, Table LI tens
and Towels. If jon want Bargains
Wishes his numerous friends to know that
he is still at bis old staud. ta the well
known house of B. F. CofLTta, where he
is ready to furnish them with dry goods at
the very lowest rates. Call, and he will
take pleasure in showing yon throueh tha
I hafe Just received a new supply
or urA.oic JATrv
anU Pure Bl'k Mohairs.
I confidently claim to keep the
best line or these Goods, and to sell
them on better terms. All I ask I
for yon. to call and examine them.
They excel In color. They exeel In
Cheapness. Some or the brands I
bare sold Tor years, and I know
tbey are choice and desirable.
It will be my aim to keep a choice
line or plain and fancy Dress Goods
at all times.
SILKS, Seal Bargains
B. F. COULTER.
TO CLOSE OUT
Certain lots or Goods In Jan. and
Feb., I shall offer THEM WITnotl
EEGACD TO COST. Do.Vt fall to look
at them. These mar be the vrrr
goods yon want. The fart Is many
persons miss DECIDED BARGAINS by
not calling at my Store.
My Stock JTuxt Be . Soil
(In order to make room for Spring
purchases) and therefore In Jana-
ary and February, 1SI3, those wt.
honor me by ylsttlng my Store. &aj
reap very decided benefits.
0XE THIXG IS CEIiTALV,
yon risk nothing, and are tare not
to lose by doing so. So house can
undersell me. Ton can always feel
confident orgettlng tbe best general
Stock to select from, and at prices
low as the lowest, and la the Oltl
IxtM and Job, you are sore
to get GOODS BELOW THEIR COST,
some even at HALF their Talae.
Reader try my llouse this Teir.
my customers prosper. If jon don't
bellere it. T&I MK. Moan saved is
money made. Time saved helps to
sare money. Ton save time j find
ing the Goods needed.
Wishing all a happy and prosper
ous New Year,
B. F. COULTER.
Jan. 4, lS73-tf.