Newspaper Page Text
B. W. THOXAS, Editor.
J. B1LDWIX, Associate Editor.
TERMS I $2.00 IX ADVASTE.
CLABKSTILLE, : : FEB. 15, 187S.
A very common error, throughout
the South, and very prejudicial to the
Fpirit of enterprise, is that it is not
worth while to undertake anything in
the shape of manufacturing, unless it
can be done on a large scale. So far
from the large pcale being the true
policy, it is the best means that can
be devised to defeat the object in
view, because in inaugurating an un
tried system of political economy, ex
periments should be confined within
safe limits, and not merely the mana
gers and operatives, but the surround
ing community, should be progressive
ly indoctrinated in a full understand
ing, as well of the mechanical depart
ments as of the value of such enter
prises to the material wealth of the
If we are correctly informed, some
of the largest and most profitable es
tablishments in the South, sprung
from very small beginning, and now
wield an influence for good, scarcely
dreamed of by their founders. It is a
grave mistake for any community to
say we can do nothing towards the
erection of machinery bccau.se we have
no capital. Capital can be accumula
ted wherever there is a liberal spirit
of cooperation, and the small sums
heedlessly wasted, week after week,
would, if saved, through a zealous de
sire to promote some worthy object,
soon amount, by aggregation, to a total
sufficient to erect some sort of ma
chinery, which by its own earnings and
and a continuous contribution, may
be enlarged to meet the demands of
the neighborhood and furnish a sur
plus for those less thrifty.
The Mechanics Building and Loan
Associatiou, in this place, has, from a
small beginning, become a power in
our midst, and it is difficult to esti
mate the good it may do towards pop
ulating and improving the town, by
liberal aid to mechanics in their efforts
to procure homes of their own, and
relief from the heavy reuts of the past
lew years. Besides doing good by
means of its accumulated capital, it
has taught, by example, how small
weekly or monthly contributions mag
nify themselves into a fund sufficient,
if judiciously managed, to lay the f oun
dution of some enterprise that will
gather about it, skilled labor, a thrifty
and intelligent population and a per
manently progressive prosperity, and
all from a beginning so small as to ex
cite ridicule rather than to call forth
the encouragement and admiration to
which it was entitled for the motive
that gave it birth.
As a sequel to this Association there
is about to be consummated a young
men's cooperative organization which
relying upon small monthly savings,
looks hopefully forward to an accumu
lation of capital that will in the not
distaut future develope a comforta
ble independence for each member,
out of such small means as are now
heedlessly wasted in the pursuit of
mistaken pleasure. The town owes
much to the disinterested efforts of its
young men, and if they can be induced
to reflect that their own, as well as
the future of the town, depends upon
their high resolves and well directed
energies; their manly adherence to
duty and steady pursuit of biudablc
aims, we shall not be without hope
that Clarksvillc will yet fill the desti
ny for which nature fashioned it. We
see in the movement every indication
of success and nothing to endanger it,
except the want of that liberal, coop
erative spirit without which harmo
nious concert -is unattainable. And
hence the failure of so many enter
prises conceived of the impulse of the
moment, and as evenescent as a spark
on a burnt rag.
But whilst the mechanics sre co
operating for their mutual benefit, and
the young men of the town are being
awakened to their duties, as future ru
lers of their country, it is a great mis
take to suppose that all is being done
that need be for the future of town,
county or country. The farmers con
stitute the larger proportion of all the
industrial vocations of the civilized
world. Can they do nothing by coop
eration? Can they not, by means of
concert, control State and Federal leg
islation? Can they not, by organiza
tion and the concentration of small
means, often worse than thrown away,
accumulate a fund sufficient to erect
for neighborhood convenience, work
shops, on a small scale at first, to be
enlarged as occasron may require?
They need farming implements can
they not by Districts, and by contribu
tions that they would scarcely feel, in
a short time, raise a fund sufficient to
start such an establishment? And
could they not, by encouraging such
an enterprise, establish an additional
market for their products and, by
FjH'iiding their money at home, keep
np the volume of circulating medium,
instead T sending it North to enrich
a people hostile to us in sentiment and
interest sectionally inimical, and po
litically oppressive? Organize a co
operative association iu every Civil
District pay to its officers, weekly or
monthly, the small sums exjH'nded in
unnecessary trips to town toll fees,
costs of cigars and liquor, and iiiitig
nificant as the sums may seem to be, a
few months will disclose the fact that
tbey will aggregate a sum sufficient to
commence some enterprise forthe gen
crel good, and the District will become
more prosjHTous, its citizens more con
tented aud thriving, whilst not one
will miss his small contribution to his
iwn and the general welfare. Similar
small contributions, if paid to compe
tent officers, thoten by the District,
will iay a good teacher for every child ;
in the Distriet.andcrcry farmer within !
its bounds, will lc amply repaid by the i
consciousness that he has acted the 1
j-art of a good citizen and secured his J
i .1.., .)('..... ..r .i ... !
after hin. without feeling the trifling
sacrifice of a fe habits "more hon
ored in the Lrach than the obser
vance." There is u a District in the
county which cannot, by a hearty co
operation, get up some useful cnU-fr
prise, it matters not how humble the
rnlj because the means that started
it will serve t enlarge it. By this
system of coojcratiit, the mechanics,
the young tueu, tUe farmer aJ the .
Kiv'U of capital, of whatever vocation, j
cm 6et on foot useful enterprises and
by mutual encouragement and patron
age, make them all prosperous. Thus
from small beginnings, large results
can be created and the impoverished
South become great and rich without
the intervention of dangerous combi
nations of capital which, while they
may serve to swell the coffers of the
favored few, as certainly impoverish
the many. General prosperity secures
an equable circulation of the curren
cy, but a concentration of capital with
draws it from the circumference to the
center, and hence the wisdom of any
system of cooperation that will impart
health and vigor to local prosperity
and develope agriculture the thief of
The act of Congress, giving Tennes
see an additional member of Congress,
necessitates a redisricting of the
State. A bill has been introduced
into the Legislature for that purpose,
and all we desire to say on the subject
is, that the districts shall be laid off
with an eye to geographical compact
ness and a proper ratio of population
to each. Fair dealing in such matters
is the best security for public justice,
and fair local representation is not
best secured by warping and twisting
district lines with a view to determining
the political aspect of each. Public
opinion can not be hemmed in by im
aginary, or geographical lines and we
hope that the legislature will accept
this fact and give to the districts the
most compact form compatible with
the irregular distribution of popula
tion. If popular opinion will not sus
tain a good cause when upheld by fair
means, it is folly to hope to give strength
to that cause by means that bear the
imputation of unfairness.
Whether the movement in favor of
a Constitutional Convention, be wise,
results only can determine. 2so Con
stitution has ever been framed without
real or supposed defects and one never
will be it is an impossibility. Then
an important inquiry for the people, is
whether the changes likely to be made,
will pay for cost of the Convention ?
We appreciate the importance of a
wise Constitution as the basis of good
government, but cannot lose sight of
the fact that Constitutions have less to
do with judicious legislation than is
generally believed. Were this not
true, how does it happen that the legis
lature holds iu suspense, year after
year, the constitutional provision rela
tive to the assessment of the poll tax
and its appropriation to the school
fund? We go for change when change
is palpably needed, but when t7ie test
of experience does not demand it,
change is mere wild experiment and
gives an instability to government, un
settling and demoralizing public senti
ment without a single compensating
advantage. Some philosopher has
said that the worst form of government
wisely and steadily administered, is
better than the best, badly administer
ed. When we hear the constitution
denounced as defective in this, or that
particular, wc can not repress the
thought that, perhaps, the legislature
and judiciary are more at fault than
the constitution in which we can find
no barrier to such legislation as will
promote the general welfare and secure
the rights of individuals. We think
we can see amendments to the consti
tution which, we think, would place
the judiciary and the courts on a wiser
basis and make them more efficient in
the cause of economical justice, but
others may entertain widely different
opinions. And hence the utter futility
of changes with the expectation of re
conciling all opinions. The constitu
tion would net be human if it had no
defects and human changes will leave
upon it, the same marks of man's im
perfection. The York Sun says that by dint of
an honest administration of her affairs,
and the absence of carpet-baggers,
Tennessee has reduced her debt from
forty, to twecnty-three millions. Yet
there are not few in the State, who,
disatisfied with this condition, lent a
willing linn J, in the last election, to
bring back to power the pirty that so
deeply cursed the State. Look at its
Radical delegation in Congress and ask
who sent it there ?
Old Svitfire swenrs he will never
resign his seat in the Senate. That is
right. If Tennessee is to be disgraced
by a Radical Senator, we prefer a par
alyzed and drivelling idot,l to an able
Nose of the Puritan haters of our
section, who twit Tennessee with be
ing the second State in the Union in
point of illiteracy, have the hardihooo J
to charge it with being the second in
high-toned integrity. That it is too
poor to lavish wealth upon education
is a fact to be deplored and judging
from the moral status of the States
most advanced in learning, the ques
tion arises whether, or not, honest ig
norance is not far preferable to edu
cated villainy. Look at the thousands
of learned scoundrels whom Congress
is investigating and enquire how far
ignorance is responsible for their
scoundrelisui, and what learning has
done to make then honest.
Tennessee appreciates all the advan
tages of education and would estab
lish the best system, if she could, but
her Puritanical si'offersshould remem
ber that Radical abolitionism desolat
ed her Holds in their lawless crusade
against slavery; that Radicals stole her
school fund; that the policy of (wo
Radical Presidents Johnson and
Grant through their chosen cmisa
ries the carpet-baggers heajed debt
upon her poverty and wasted her sub
stance until sheer tieeessarics became
luxuries. And now the authors of
these wrong with cowardly malignity,
taunt her with ignorance forgetting
that the great body of th iliiterateare
not, constitutionally, citunns of the
State, but made such by fraud and the
bayonet, employed by Puritan piety
and highly educated moral depravity.
A French play was, recently, fo--
bidden to be soled because the author
struck a blow at a French Rpyblb
by exposing the disgusting rottenness
of this government. Scarcely bad
this humiliating incident transpired
when the R ui'u al John C. Freemont
was put on trial, in Paris, for selling
to the Frcmh fraudulent railroad
Pooh, lij-jHuriticut ?ii.ij;i;g Cplp:v,
in an effort to extricate himself froju
the mire of Credit Mobiler, h:wsunk
himself deeper than ever. N
The king of Spain has resigned his
crown, and a Republic has been pro
claimed. This is the beginning of new
troubles for that country.
It is very evident that the investi
gating committee is determined that
no action shall be taken, this session,
against the Congressmen whose vil
lainy has been clearly exposed. The
committee was constituted for white
washing rather than for fair investi
gation. It is too much, to expect them
to convict the shining lights of Radical
ism and thus leave the country to draw
this inference if the purest of the
party are unmitigated scoundrels,
what must the rest be ?
Maysville owes $115,000.
Owensboro has bought a steam fire
Hickman will celebrate Mardi Gras
in grind style.
Greenup county has eight iron fur
naces in full blast.
The late Commodore Maury had
several near relatives in Bath county.
A St. Louis company has bought
the coal lands of Mrs. John Stroud,
Russell Stroud and Thos. Baxter, near
the Owensboro and Russellville rail
road junction, at prices ranging from
$25 to $35 per acre. The company
will commence to develop these lands
Owensboro has purchased a steam
Allen county was organized from a
portion of Warren county in 1816.
There were fifty-one marriages in
Davie38 county during the month of
A movement is on foot to establish
a bank at Glasgow, to be called the Bar
ren County Bank.
C. II. Blakely, Esq., is a candidate
for re-election to the Houreof Repre
sentatives from Logan county.
Fully 300,000 pounds of tobacco will
be shipped from Morgantown, Butler
county, during the present season.
P. F. Edwards, Esq., will be Dem
ocratic candidate for the legislature
from Butler and Edmonson counties.
Mrs. Crittenden, widow of the late
Kentucky Senator, John J. Critten
den, died in St. Louis, Sunday.
The prices of all kinds of stock
have taken an upward tendency in
Logan county, and stock is changing
Hon. John Kineaid, a former citi
zen of Kentucky, died at Ilenderson
ville, Tenn., at the age of eighty-three
years, last week.
The name of Colonel Robert A. Bur
nett, of Trigg couuty, is mentioned in
connection with the office of Clerk of
the Court of Appeals'.
The citizens of Elkton, Todd coun
ty, have just petitioned the legislature
by a vote of 97 to 21 to repeal the laws
relating to the charter of their town.
The Ilopkinsville Conservative, of
the 8th inst., says: On last Saturday
morning about 8 o'clock, a little mu
latto girl, the daughter of Julia Ducker,
residing at Mr. G. A. Champlin's,
while near the fire being alone
caught her clothes on fire, and before
the fact become known to the family
was so badly burned that she died in
a lew hours. This is a sad lesson, but
should teach others to be more care
ful. A movement is now on foot to com
plete the Clarksville and Ilopkinsville
From a report of the Louisville
Sinking Fund Commissioner we learn
that the bonded debt of Louisville is
$5,341,500. The value cf ground for
taxable purposes is $39,327,455, while
the improvements are estimated at
$22,208125. The entire taxable
wealth of the city is estimated at $77,
150,024. Samuel Barclay shot and killed Gil
lis Hutchinson in Jessamine county,
Ky., on the 4th inst. The two raised
a hemp crop together. Barclay want
ed it stored in his warehouse. To
this Hutchinson objected. Barclay
rode home got his gun and shot Hutch
inson. Mr. J. W. Roberts, of Shelby coun-.
ty, has in his possession a part of a
petrified snake found imbedded in a
large rock. The specimen shows the
different colors of the body the same
as when living.
Memorial of the State Teachers' As
sociation to the General Assem
bly of the State of Tennessee.
The undersigned have been appoint
ed by the Tennessee State Association,
to memorialize your honorable body,
in relation to the establishment of a
system of public free schools.
" The importance of the free schools
of such a character, as will fit them to
educate properly the children of a re
public, is admitted by all ; and the de
plorable deficiency of Tennessee in
schools of such a character, is equally
apparent to every citizen of State.
The friends of popular education
from every part of Tennessee, united
together under the name of the ''Tenn
essee State Teachers' Association"
have been laboring for years past, aud
labor without money aud without price,
to procure the adoptiou of a system of
public free schools, not jjor men's
schools to which the sous of the poor
may come to get an education as a boon
or a c harity, or to which the sons of
the rich may come with feelings of supe
riority oyer their fellow school-mates,
but schools to wjiich tl.o sons of the
poor and the rich shall come with feel
ings of equality and independence, and
schools too, whose excellunec shall at
tract all the children of our State, and
which shall become t lie objects of
pride and affection to every one of our
To accomplish such ends as these
will require the adoptio.- of tag udicious
system of schools, aud will also require
ample means. But great difficulties
surrouud lis in adopting a judioious
system, and in raising the necessary
means. These difficulties are the great
diversity of opinions as to systems, and
our embarrassed financial condition.
The State Teachers' Association, at
its recent meeting, felt and fully ap
preciated all the difficulties surround
mg us, and tjfese diilicuUics were iu
the way of its owu harmonious action.
TATE PVSTEM VS- CWNTV SYSTEM.
Some cf its member ire (taruc-bt
supporters of an exclusively State ysr
t?m of free school, some earnestly in
furor of an exclusively couuty system,
and some equally earnest in tiivor of a
district system; and, among them,
there was a great diversity of opiuion
as to the mode of raising the means to
support any system; but fortunately
tiiccittoe joeihcr in a spirit of con
fession, entdj seeming dtermincd to
yif id Jhpt he could pf hVoyn favpr-
ite views in order to promota harmony
of action, and the result was that, after
two days of discussion, confer
ence and deliberation, they came to
their conclusions almost with una
nimity, there being but one dissenting
voice to any conclusions reached. In
obedience to the instructions of the
association, we present the result of
its deliberations to your honorable
The association found the county
system of free schools the established
system of the State. Under this sys
tem there were only a very few coun
ties that had good schools in operation,
although many had levied a tax. But
the system had its merits, and it was
made the basis of the system finally
approved of by the association.
COCNTY, STATE AXD DISTRICT.
"The system recommended by the
association is one combining the State,
the county and the district systems,
retaining the valuable features of all,
and thus harmonizing all conflicting
views as' to different systems. The
necessary features of this combined
system are, a State Board of Educa
tion, a State Superintendent, a County
.Board ot dueation, a County on per
intendent and District School Com
missioner. and we earnestly ask your
honorable body to adopt a system of
free schools with these authorities to
administer it, giving them the powers
usually granted to such school officers.
which powers are enumerated in two
of the bills now before your honor
able body. We would respectfully
renresent that the system above re
commended, instead of impairing, will
rendar more emcient the present coun
tv system ; and the only addition to
the expense of the present county sys
tem is the salary that may be attached
to the omce ot state Superintendent.
THE WAYS AND MEANS.
Witn regard to the means to sup
port the svstem recommended, we are
fully aware of the present inability of
the state to supply the lull amount
of means necessary, in consequence of
our embarrassed financial condition :
and, therefore, we ask of the State
only the proceeds ot the interest on
the principal and interest of the school
fund now due, and a State poll tax of
one dollar. I he funds derived from
these sources to be distributed amongst
the counties according to their scho
lastic population. We ask you to
fund the principal and interest of the
debt due the children of the State, in
the same manner as it js proposed to
fund the principal and interest of the
debt due the ioreicn bond-holders.
and to pay the interest on the school
debt, when funded in the same man
ner as you will pay the interest on the
bond holder 8 debt when I uncled.
TAX THE COUNTIES.
We also respectfully ask you, instead
of voluntary taxation by the counties,
to lew a tax upon property of one
mill on the dollar, to he assessed and
collected by the county, and to be paid
out by ihe "County Trustee to school
districts of the county, according to
the scholastic population, leaving the
counties the privilege of levying, vol
untarily such additional school tax
as they may deem necessary to prolong
We also respectfully ask you to em
nower the people of the school dis
tricts, to levy a tax upon property for
building school-houses, for paying
other school expenses, and for pro
longing schools. Under the decision
of our .former Supreme Court, the
power cannot be conferred upon the
people of the school districts as such,
out if the school districts should be
created incorporated towns, then the
legislature of the State can confer
upon such districts the power of levy
ing a tax.
We believe that the legislative body
hes the power to organize the school
districts into incojorated towns, with
out any further action by theChaucery
Court, for it unquestionably has the
power to create such civil divisions of
the counties as it may deem proper, and
also has the power to incorporate them
when created, as towns or cities, and
shool districts are civil divisions of
the county. Wc, therefore, respect
fully ask you to make provisions for
the incorporation of school districts
as towns, and to confer upon them
when so incorporated, the power to
levy a tax upon property for building
school-houses and other school pur
poses. This power in the people of the
school districts to levy a tax, is be
lieved to be the most certain mode of
providing means for the support of
Being levied by the people directly
upon themselves, and ascertaining
their own wants, it will be more readi
ly and cheerfully levied than it would
by representatives upon their constitu
ents ; that the money, being collected
by their own officers, and paid into the
hands of their own treasurer, and paid
out by their own School Commission
ers, elected by and from themselves, it
will pass immediately under the eye
of the tax-payers, aud will be almost
under their "direct control, it will,
therefore, be more economically col
lected and more faithfully distributed
than by any other mode of taxation,
and it has al ways been the most ac
ceptable mode of taxation for schools
wherever adopted. This power is
granted to the people of our cities.
Why should it not be granted to the
people of rural districts? It is incor
porated into every free school system
of our country. Our sister State of
Virginia has incorporated it, as well
as every feature of the system which
we have recommended, into the public
free school system adopted some three
years since. " This system has, then,
been a success. It is popular, and be
lieved to be permanent.
TROMPT ACTION IMPERATIVE.
That there is an imperative necessi
ty for the immediate adoption of
some system of education more ctlici
ent than the present one, is painfully
apparent. Wc have 72,18!) white
children, between the ngos of 10 and
21 years, who can neither read nor
write, and GG.755 colored. The census
of 1870 also shows an alarming in
crease in the illiteracy of our
white population. The increrse
of white population betweon 18G0
and 1870 was from 82G.722 to 936,
119. and the increase in the illiteracy
of the white adult population was
from 74.114 to 109,638, thus showing
an increase" in illiteracy in the white
population of 50 per cent, while the
increase in the whole white population
was only 13 per cent. And this ratio
of increase in illiteracy will still go on
snless checked by your honorable
body, who are the parents and guardi
ans of the children of the State.
We do not expect that, by the adop
tion of a:iy system of public frco
schools, you will at onctjci-oatesehools
that will meet the views of the most
enlightened friends of popular educa
tion. There is no intellect that can
touch the dead corpse of our school
system, and animate it into full and
vigorous life'Sxit we-can create a sy.s-4.
tem with such features of vitality in it
as will cause it to grow gradually, and
we hope rapidly, to perfection ; which
will be at once acceptable to our pcoT
pie, and which will soon enlist tneir
warm and hearty support.
u . m .
r. n atson, tuairuiau.
Neil S. Brown.
Committee - J. B. Killebrew,
H. PR ESN ELL,
A New J'i.axkt Discovered Dr.
Peters, of Clinton, N. Y., discovered"
on February t, a new planet of the
tenth magnitude. In declination north
pine degrees fifteen minutes, right as
cension fifteen degrees and thirty
eight minutes. The announcement of
the discovery has been telegraphed to
The electoral vote for President and
Vice President was counted by both
Houses in joint conveption. Arkan
sas, Louisiana and Georgia were
s SITES SEWS.
The river is rising rapidly, with
enough water en Ilarpeth Shoals to
float the Great Eastern. Twenty years
ago this spring, the river overflowed its
banks three times.
All the steamers passing up are
loaded to their full capacity, whilst
there is but very little freight for down
Our warehouse men are complain
ing that the packets load to their ca
pacity at Cairo, and leave tobacco at
way landings for this market. This is
not a new complaint, but occurs an
nually, an i we expect will continue
until Clarksville has a commanding
interest in a steamboat The owners
of Cumberland river boats are not
willing to leave storage at Cairo, for
an uncertainty at way landings.
One of our tobacco men suggests
that the warehouse proprietors, char
ter a small boat like the Ella Hughes,
for a few trips, until the regular pack
ets get the press of business from Cairo,
when there will be no further trouble
or use for a chartered boat
The Gracey leaves for Cairo this
day at 8 o'clock, a. H., and the Lums
den for Nashville this day 6 o'clock,
Tobacco to New Orleans $7 00 per
hhd. Rate on flour unchanged.
Tuesday, Feb. 11. In the Senate,
a communication from Mrs. Mary J.
Erwin, of Nashville, notifying the Sen
ate of the fact that she has in her pos
session a picture of the late Henry
Clay, taken at the age of 45 years,
which it was the wish of her late hus
band to bave presented to the State of
lennessee, which portrait is subject to
the order of the General Assembly.
Mr. Patton offered a resolution accept
ing the portrait and ordering it to be
placed in the State Library, which
was adopted. Mr. McCounell, of
.Blount, offered a resolution requesting
the Supreme Court to withhold a de
cision in the case of the "Torbett is
sue" now pending before that tribunal,
until the matter can be investigated
by the Legislature, which was adop
ted. Bills were introduced by Sir
Moody, for the establishment of a
system of free schools; by Mr. Till
man, to enforce the constitutional pro
vision in regard to eligibility to office;
by Mr. White, to better organize the
County Courts; also to amend the act
regulating the sales ot land tor taxes
Scuate bill in regard to warehousemen
and warehouse receipts was passed on
its third reading. Senate resolution
to dispense with prayer in opening the
sessions ot the Senate, was rejected,
ayes 6, noes 20.
In the House, a protest against, the
adoption of tho resolution in regard to
the lorbett issue and the Supreme
Uourt, was presented by Messrs. .Linda
ley, Ferguson, Jamison, Burke Bond
Washington and B. M. Tillman, on
the ground that the resolution is dis
respect! ul to a co-ordinate and co
equal department of the government.
Bills were introduced by JUr. Couch,
to remit so much as may be due lrom
the colored people of Bedford county
to the State tor a building purchased
for educational purposes; by Mr.
Duncan, to create the office of County
Judge for Union county; by Mr,
Kerr, to make duelling a felony,
punishable with imprisonment in the
penitentiary for not less than three nor
more than ten years; the provisions of
the bill to apply also to parties who
leave the State and fight elsewhere:
by Mr. Lattin, to amend the criminal
laws; by Mr. McAdoo, making the
judgment of the iuferior court prevail
in cases ot appeal where there is an
equal division of opinion in the Su
preme Court ; by Mr. Patton, to change
the line between Marion and Se
quatchie counties; by Mr. Snyder,
providing lor the codification of the
laws of the State ; by Mr. MeCollum,
to more effectually enforce the collec
tion and payingover of the public rev
enues by making the bond of the rev
enue collector a lien on the real estate
of his securities for all delinquencies ;
by Mr. Cummins, proposing to amend
the constitution, by making the Legis
lative, Gubernatorial and Judicial
term four years, with but one regular
session of each General Assembly; the
per diem of legislators to be six dol
lars, the term of office of Treasurer
and Comptroller to befouryears ; pro
viding for a Lieutenant Governor; at
torneys for the State for each county,
instead ot each Judicial District, as
now provided by law ; abolishing the
poll-tax prerequisite to voting; and
allowing the Legislature to exempt
from taxation, for a term of years
any partscular class of industry. Mes
srs. llouk, G. W. Martin, Cummins,
Kerr and Blevins were appointed the
committee on the part of the House to
investigate the locality ot the lor
bett" or "new issue" of the Bank of
The New Postal Law.
The bill as amended reads as fol
Be it enacted, etc.. that on and after
the 1st day of July next, on all ma-il
matter which is wholly or partly in
writing, except book, magazine and
newspaper manuscripts aud corrected
proofs, passing between authors and
publishers, and excepting also cor
respondence or postal cards; on all
printed matter which is so marked as
to convey any other or further infor
mation than is conveyed by the origi
nal print, except the correction of
mere typographical errors ; on all mat
ter which is sent in violation of law
or of the department respecting in
cloaure; on all matter to which no
specific rate of postage is assigned
the postage shall be charged at a rate
of not over two cents fo each half
ounce or ft-action thereof, and this pro
vision shall include all letters com
monly known as drop, or local, letters
delivered through the post offices or
their carriers, and mogasine, manu
scripts and newspaper manuscrips are
hereby declared to belong to the third
class of mailable matter.
Sec. 2. That from and after the 1st
d;iy of January next, under such reg
ulations and iu such manner as the
Postmaster-General shall prescribe.
the postaee provided bv law to be mid
upon printed matter or mailable mat
ter of the second class shall in all
cases, be prepaid aud collected at the
offices respectively where such matter,
shall be mailed; and the postage on
daily newspapers not exceeding fmr
ounces each copv in weight, shall be
charged flnd cpjUoted at the rate of
nltoen eents per quarter; provided
that weekly newspapers within their
respective counties, where the same
are printed and published, and none
other, may pass through the mails free
of postage, as provided in the 8th
clause of section 1S4 of the act to re-
vise, consolidate ana amend statutes
relating to Postoffiee Department,
ee. A. rrovidejj pepaltibS tor em-,
beijlinjf. secreting or destroying mail
. The telegraph confirms the report
ed abdication of King Amadeus of
8pain. The announcement of this
step produced a profound criisanon in
Berlin, and the Herman newspapers,
pint that It was caused by Freuch
intrigues. It was the dissatisfaction
the 8auish people with their carpet
The Va.Jegilature proposes to take
charge of the grounds about Mount
Vernon, and eject therefrom the phll
authropio Mii Cunningham, who
has been chargiug people exorbitant
prices fortseeing the tomb of the fath
er of theircountry.
During last year, Chicago had 10,
000 deal lis; St. Louis. 8.0CD; Cincin
nati, 5,5000; New York, 22,941;
Philadelphia, 20,544; Baltimore 8,703.
ILARKSYIL1E TOBACCO MARKET.
Receipt Increasing the last few days,
owing to favorable weather for handling.
The tobacco now coming forward' shows
considerable improvement in quality and
substance over receipts of the past month.
Our market exhibited a little weakness on
Friday, in lags and low grades of tobacco,
bnt not enough so to amount to an actual
decline. WJiile this was the ease with to
bacco of inferior qualities, good and fine
sorts were eagerly taken at fuH prices.
The proposed imposition of duties on im
ports of tobacco by the German govern
ment, will not, it is thought, materially
effect the market here. We quote
Inferior lngs and trash ,
, 90-37 25
, 7 iS O0
. 8 oUciS 75
.10 owe 23
.10 7.X 11 7a
Good and line Hf .
Select! o ns. -
Bowling St Tbomasof "O.K." Warehouse
sold since last report, 32 hhds as follows:
11 hhds good leaf from 10 toll 75.
9 hhds common medium leaf, 8 Bto9 ft,
12 hhds lugs, 7 30 to S 40.
Tnrnley, Ely & Co, of the Elephant ware
house, for the week, ending Feb. 7, 29 hhds.
as follows :
1 hhd good Montgomery eonnty leaf, at
2 hhds medium leaf at 10 75, 9 83.
5 hhds common leaf, from 9 10 to 9 60.
5 " low leaf from 8 70 to(j 80.
18 " logs from 7 50 to 8 00.
Grinter, Young A Co, of the Cumberland
Warehouse sold Feb. 7, U hhds as follows
5 hhds Logan county, leaf, from 9 20 11 00.
5 " " " logs from 7 08 fo 8 10.
2 " Hopkins eo leaf, at 9 30 to 9 00.
1 " " " lues at 7 SO.
1 " " " trush ate SO.
6 Robertson co. leaf, 8 to 10 50.
4 " " - lugs, 8 90 to 8 10.
Herndon.Gold 4 Co., of Trice's Landing
Warehouse, sold on February 12th, 3S hhds
t! hhds. medium tear to good leaf $11 50,
in ia &n in i.i iii -j-v i. mi i. z.
10 75, 10 00. 10 75, 10 50, 10 80, 10 25, 10 00,
Q '", Q'il an, oin on., a an a ,i
.w, WW, W WW, . WW, V .V, W W.
11 hhds lags and low !ef, at 8 Zi, 8 25,
8 90, 8 0, 8 75, 8 90, 8 00, 7 00, 7 20,710, 780,
2 hhds trashy and frosted lags, 4 70. 6 90,
In Liberty. Va on the 5th of Feb. 1873.
by Rev. Peter Tinsley, Mr. W. P. Hcme, of
inrKsviiie. lean., to jiiss A. 1. 1INSLS,
May our esteemed friend. Home, and his
accomplished bride have a long lease of
life free from its Ills, and at last be reunited
in a happier sphere.
On the 6th day of Feb., near Woodlawn,
siAtl niKKAI lo MISS .11. t. tARKVLAaO,
an oi Jioaigoraery county.
On the 12th of Dec. 1872. by Rev. Wm.
KiaHic.Mr. u. r. hook to Miss Melissa 1.
Thick, near Lovelacevilie, Ky.
On Jan. 28. 1873. br Rev. W. H. Ward Mr
J. A. Trice, of Lovelacevilie, Ky, to Miss
iiiEnijc i bice, oi mov tgomery co., xen n.
On the 4th Feb. 1S73. by the Rev. Wm.
Black Mr. J. H. Hook tu Miss Bells
ijUNN.au or .Ballard county, Ky.
On the 6th inst., at the bride's aunt. Mrs.
ard Haogktt and Miss Mary Pkck, all of
In this county, on the Uth inst., bv Rev.
L. J. Crutcher, Mr. J. K. Wilcox to Miss
J ENITIK MATCHER.
At the residence of George Halliburton,
in this county, on the 12th inst.. bv Rev. W.
A. Turner, Mr. Jko. W. riwiFT and Mia Ju
lia A. Atkins all of this county.
In this county, on the 12lh lust., Mrs.
Elizabeth NoKTHisGTOJf.relict of Die late
Albert Korthington. "
In this county, on thel2thinst.,PATBiCK
McOowAW, aged 83 years.
I propose to establish regular monthly sales
of property at the head of Public Square,
in Clarksville oil every County Court day,
(first Monday). Persons having property
of any kind to sell, will find me ready at
all times to wait upon them. There is now
a good demand lor horses, mules, milk
cows, Ac, Ac. I will also attend to all -ales
of real and persoual estate in city and
country, and pledge my best efforts to give
satisfaction. I would suggest that stock be
brought In the day before and put in one
of our livery stables, where they will be
well groomed, fed, and put in condition for
sale. I will also give attention to the sale
of furniture, dry goods, groceries, or any
thing that will command a hid at public
T. D. LEONARD, Auctioneer.
Feb. 15, 73-tf.
Mr. B. G. Davis, of Todd county, Ky.,
wishes to inform his friends that heis con
nected with the Tobacco Arm of Lyle.Ros
slngton Co., of Red River Landing Ware
house, and will attend tothesamplingand
sale ol all Tobacco sent to this firm through
his influence. Friends, send your Tobacco
and he will look to your interest and see
that yonr Tobacco is fully represented and
sells for its worth.
Feb. 15, w-tf.
Joseph Tarpley. Jas. B. LaRck.
TARPLEY & LaRUE,
(Successors to Roach & Ramey,)
W. J. STAXF1LL and C. S. ALL EX, Clk's
$1,000 TO LOAN,
at 10 per cent interest, with a lien on renl
estate. Enquire at this office.
Fob. 15, 1 873-2 w
COMMISSIONER'S SALE OF VALUA
James W. Smith ct als. vs. Catherine Hes
ter, et als.
In obedience to an order of the Countv
Court of Montgomery county, made at the
Aug. Term. 1872, 1 will oltiT for sale to the
highest bidder, on.tho premises, on
Thursday, March 6, 1873,
a tract of land lying in District No. 4, of
Montgomery couuty, bounded by the lauds
of N. Hester, Jr., Jus. Fifteuer. J h inert H.
Wall and Meriitt A Gold, containing 222
aeres, more or les. 100 acres cleared and
the balance in timber. The same will Im
sold as a whole, or divided Into two or
more tracts to sutt purchasers. A Dlat of
HHiiie wui ue eximmeu on nay oi Kale.
The said land belong to the estate of Na
than Hester, Sr., dee d, and is said furdivi
tion among the heirs.
Terms. A credit of 13. IS and 2t mouths.
Notes with good security required, and a
lien retained uu.lila.il the purchase money
rK.ta; u.NMih die t'om'r.
Feb. 8. 73-4 w. pr fee lulv fc bills, $ do.
COMMISSIONER'S SALE 01' VAL
UABLE TOW PROPERTY.
Isabella Driscoll vs Patrick Drlscoll.et als.
In nursurance of nn order made bv the
Comity Court of Montgomery iny, at
ri.-uiu.ii; jt-itu, mt-t i x win i,:iwF or sale
to the highest bidder ut tha luiirl Huuse
door in Clarksvilla, on
Saturday, March 1, 1873,
tho remainder interest in a certain llonse
f.ud il in Cl:irkville. situated on Frank-
mi st reef, tiutweeii the lotxof John Layaud
Aticliael lirlscoil. 1'oHxesMon to be uiven
after the death of Mrs. Isabella brisooll.
Widow of D. T. Driscoll, dee'd.
Tkkxs: A credit of 6 months, note with
good security required, bearine interest
from date. Hold without the right vf re
demption. PETER OXEAL, Clerk 4 Com.
Fbr;iy3,l7-w prl.Hd. and bills 7.
Is Always on
JOHX 3IAXXIXO has discovered that
the citizens of Clurksvlllesndsnrrounding
country needed a sprifla in the rarest
game of the season, svrTed npin Kuropean
styl on ten minutes noticw, aud as the
canvass for the Presidency has now fairly
opened, he keeps constantly on hand the
choicest Wlnett, Liquors, pure imported
Havanna Cigar and Cincinnati Lager
Beer, to nerve all candidates on to victory,
Itestanraat and Haloon oen night and
day, where the most fastidious may be
more than pleased.
Fsb. 8, 187iWim
FOR French Tinted and Initial Pa
pers and latest style Envelope, ro to
FOR Choicest FUrorl; Eitraets,
least Powders, Gelatine, lorn Starch
tc, go to . BIERS'.
SETTLE & SON, Ag'ts,
And Dealers In
Country .rrodiic8 Generally
FRA3TTT.IJI HALL BCTLDIKG,
We keep every rat-lot y of
' FAMILY SUPPLIES,
which we offer at the lowest market rates.
Country Prod nee of all kinds. Poultry,
Errs, Butter, etc., for which we will ex
change Groceries or pay ch.
t o- - SETTLE & SOX.
Jan. 25, 72-tf.
J. J. RAWLS,
WHOLESALE AND RETAIL DEALER IX
THIRD DOOR EAST FROM FIRST ST.,
CLABKSY1LIE. . TEXAESSEE,
Keeps on hand a full supply of Groceries
and the best Robertson County
Jan. 25, 72-tf.
PRIME CLOVER SEED,
at extremely low price.
of best quality, at
LO W PRICES
For Sale by
J. J. CRUSttZAIVr.
Jan. 18, lS7:Ww.
fMJJVMitJV ST MEET,
FIELD AND GARDEN
Garden Implements !
New Crop Buist's and Landreth's Reliable
Sapling or Mammoth doTer,.
Lawn Grass Seed,
TEXAN KED OATS,
a new Oat. heavy yield, and warranted
PRIXCE EDWARDS 1SLAXB BLACK
OATS, f A ADA WHITE AN D MICH-
lu l BLACK OATS.
E"rly Peerless, Xo. 8.
M London Lady.
Peach Blow aud Late Rose.
Gnano, Gypsum or Land Plaster, Patapsco
PLOWS, IIOES, CHAINS, ETC.,
in any quantity,
LOWEST CASH PRICES.
Jan. IS, 1873-tf.
W. B. CROSS.
K. J. GOOHTREE.
W. B. CROSS & CO.
. XSteeceasor to Geo. O. Willis A Co..)
And dealers In Lnmoer of every description
Poplar, am. Pine, Oak. Walnut,
Cedar Fence Fonts, hhlnjles,
and Sawed Litc.
rjomct attention aivea to orders from a
ItHtantM.at the lowest I "ash Prices and sat-
Feb. I, TJ-3m
Low Prices Will Bring Thom I
CHEAP CASH STOEE !
Is Selling Goods Very Cheap. Take our word for it,
IS OFFERliiG GREAT B i R G A I ri S Ifj DRY GOODS!
Feb. 1, 1873-tf.
Oils, Window Glass, &c.
FOE THE MILLION 1
S. B. STEWART,
at his new store, on Franklin street, nearle
opposite Court-house. Call and exatniny
sioek and price, kx I propose tu keep a full
stork of all hmhIh in mv line, ami will not
be undersold by anybody.
Kprviut attention will be paid to the pre
scription department, which la in charge
of Mr. Geo. Vallluni, and person semlinK
prescriptions to tne mav rely on having
them prepared wi:h accuracy aud prompt
ness at any time, day or night-
COME AKD SEE OUR MW STORE !
It is the prettiest store in town, and so lirht that you
can see what you are buying the darkest day.
AVe have just returned to our New Store, which has
been entirely refitted and enlarged.
"We have made an addition of a larce well lighted
and have greatly increased our Stock of
Carpets, Oil Cloths, Curtains, Shades, etc.,
Wc intend to keep a very large stock of Carpets, and
as Ave get them directly from the factory, we can and will
sell them as cheap as they can be had anywhere.
LADIES DRESS GOODS !
"NVe have a full stock of Dress Goods, Shawls, &e ,
which we will sell at reduced prices,
MANY OP THEM WITHOUT REGARD TO COST.
"We have in store a very full stock of
BLACK MOHAIR ALPACAS
the best in the market, colors warranted.
DOMESTICS AND COTTON GOODS !
We fortunately have a large stoc k of these goods, and
as the large advance in cotton will soon cause an advance
in cotton goods,
riOW IS THE TIME TO BUY !
AVe are still agents for
VIS'IVIS BROWN SIIEEl'IXGS.
This goods we have kept exclusively for four year? and it
has always given satisfaction. Come and Luv before the
Our stock of
was never better. Come and
Always on hand a full stock of every variety of
ZEIGLER'S SHOES !
We will make it to your interest to call on us.
Eiec, Broaddus & Co,
Jan. i, 1375-tf.
WHY TOU 8HOCLD PATRONIZE
1st. He has had over twenty y pars' prac
tical experience In ladl ng cities in compe
tition with first-clawi art liits.
2nd. He is lully np to thstlmea In all th
appliances and rcoasorteai necessary for
conducting a nrst-clawi bnlnexs,vts: Splen
did Light, the best manufacture of Instru
ments, Chemicals, etc., etc
3rd. Hemakesanyandallstylesof Pho
toRraphie Portraiture, from full life stm tu
the microscopic size.
41 h. He can Ink an old faded and dam
aged picture. repnKiiKre It to an vsise, equal
in appearance and finish to picture taken
direct from life.
."lh. He keeps constantly em ployed a Orst
chuut artist for retouching- neicuive; freck
le, wrinkle, pimples and other irregular
ities on the f:u-e disupptmr at lfiy magic
under his skillful touch.
uth. He has permanent arrangement
with the bent Artists In Oil, Water, Pastel
and India Ink Colors In the eonotry to fin
ish his work in thai line.
7th. Ills Pictures are warranted not to
st h. He takes the same pride and raina
I with every customer tut if he were making
nm:imeiigi me same.
9th. He is "Greased Lightning" on ba
loth. "Patience on amnnnment smiling
at grief" retires in disgust whn com pa red
toctilll working ou a difficult subject or
a cross baby.
see it before vou buv.