Newspaper Page Text
B. W. THOMAS. Editor.
, TEU8 t $2.00 IX ADTAJiCE. -
CL1EKSTILLE, : t : JUXE 21,1878.
THE FUXDIXG BILL.
The funding bill like the assesment
law, has given rise to a good deal of
real, or simulated indignation, but we
have looked, in vain, for the sugges
tion, by some of the opponents of the
bill, of some plan by which' the honor
of the State can be better secured
and the weight of taxation lightened.
We are so destitute of financial skill
as not to know whether that measure is,
or is not, the best that could have been
devised, and doubt whether those
most hostile to it, are much better pre
pared to answer the question. Jo de
nounce, requires but little mental
effort and is, we regret to say, a
weighty argument with the unreason
It will readily be inferred, from the
foregoing remarks, that we do not step
forward as the champion of the fund
ing bill ; still, we are unwilling to "go
it blind" against it. When a better
fiancial scheme is offered, every one
will give it the preference ; but what is
the use of distracting the public mind
and planting the germs of prejudice
and discord in the popular heart, by a
mere wranglo over a question that is
definitely settled ? No one can expect
the repeal, except by revolution, of a
contract between ,-the State and its
creditors, that is already perfected. If
this be so, it is the part of patriotic
wisdom to make the most of the situ
ation rather than to make matters wor.e
by embittering one portion of the peo
ple against the rest, and risking the
common good of all in an unwise effort
to promote the pecuniary interest of a
It will be remembered, unless we
are mistaken, that a legislature pro
ceeding the last, enacted a law author
ising the Kail road Companies indebted
to the State, to liquidate their respec
tive indebtedness with the bonds of
the State. Unluckily, or for a sinister
purpose, the law failed to designate the
kind of bonds the State would receive
from the roads, .And thus was lost, or
thrown away, the State's opportunity
to repudiate the fraudulent bonds is
sued under the despotic and infamous
rule of W. G. Brownlow. As a mat
ter of course, in these days of devotion
to Mammon, the Railroads hunted up
and paid into the Treasury the illegal
issues they being the cheapest bonds
on the market, and thus the State re
ceived, in payment of honest debts, a
batch of spurious bonds which it was
under no obligation to redeem. There
are railroad companies, however, that
failed to reap their share of this gold
en harvest and are still largely indebt
ed to the State, and it has occurred to
us that, perhaps, this-anti-fiunding de
monstration is evidence of a war of
the indebted railroads upon the. bond
holders the former striving to depre
ciate bonds that they may buy jthem
.cheaper, and the latter, to increase
their value, as a matter of individual
interest and State credit. Now, in such
a contest, the jeople have no pecu
niary interest The State is bound
for the face of its bonds, and it
matters nothing to the ieople
whether the railroads buy them at par,
or at forty cents in the dollar; but
when the credit of the State is to be
seriously impaired iu order to cheapen
its bonds, it becomes the duty of the
iteople to crush the attempt. On the
other hand, if the bondholders stig
matized as the bloated advocates of
the funding bill believed that they
could best protect their private inter
ests and the State credit, by such en
actment, were they not bound by honor
and self-interest, to advocate that meas
Hut, say the anti-fuuders, the money
of the bondholders bought the passage
of the bill, and to this the bondhold
ers reply that the money of the rail
roads mid for the opposition to the
bill. We would rather believe that
neither charge is true, but feel assured
that " flinging dirt" is neither the sure,
nor the honorable mode by which the
truth is to be brought to light ; .but in
whatever spirit the people may be in
clined to view the controverted points,
we must rcuiiud them that there are
chronic agitators in every section and
community, whose purpose seems to be
to distract and divide public opinion
and thus defeat the ends of political jus
tice aimed at by the prudent and pa
triotic. We would suggest further
that it is a virtue to submit gracefully
to the inevitable and a mark cf wis
doni to avert the evils that may follow
rather than to make those evils inevi
table, by the foolish effort to prevent
that which has already happened, from
ever bavins happened. The bonds are
funded, and there is no alternative but
to pay, or repudiate them. If the an
ti-funders arc for repudiation, let
them come out snuarely upon that
platform ; if they are not for repudia
tion what are they fussing about'
Perhaps their uoisy opposition to fund
ing is simply a cloak, to hide some
flank movement in the battle for polit
ical supremacy, if so, the people ouht
keep an eye upon that movement, in
stead of takiug part in the rnc design
ed to cover the flanking party.
' The objection most frequently urged
against fundiug is the fact that the
interest, unpaid for several years, isad-
ded to the principal aud therefore
compounded. This is an ugly feature in
the bill, and is sufficient, iu the estima-
1 ion of many, to damn all its pro vis
visions. lut the interest was due aud
unpaid because the revenue was not
sufficient to meet it. Suppose there
fore, no funding bill had been passed,
would it not have been necessary, in
order to sustain the credit of the State,
to levy a tax sufficient to pay the in
terest due, as well as that falling due?
Had this been done the cry of oppress
ion would have been raised all over
the State. In the case of an individ
ual debtor, under similar circumstan
ces, he would have been forced into
bankruptcy orjsold outjunder execution.
If ile creditors of that individual had
loffered ta re new his notes, with inter
est past due, aJJed in. and the time
for payment extended to forty years,
would he have grumbUd about icom
pouudiug interests? Wetting not;
juud as States are but aggregated indi-
ideals, the supposed case, though not
strictly parallel, involves the same
jirinciples of equity, aud is therefore,
sliuhtly illustrative of the embarrassed
condition of the State for which re
lief was sought in the funding act.
Our objec t however, in the forgoing
' jeniarks, is not to .apologise for that
bill, but to pursuade the people to ac
cept it as an accomplished fact, and
not to permit it to be used as a cloak
for ulterior designs against the peace
and dignity of the Commonwealth.
To inquire whetherthe opposition does
not come mainly from the independ
ents, of the last "election, and if so,
whether their disorgaizing efforts then,
ought to inspire coufidednce in their
patriotism and statesmanship now.
THE ASSESSMENT LAW.
The cry against the Assessment law
may be not altogether without cause.
The works of man are rarely perfect,
and it is seldom practicable in a legis
lative body, divided by partizan inter
ests and conflicting selfish views, to
give effect to the wisdom of the few,
generally found in such assemblies.
A half dozen men of large experience
and honest patriotism could have
franled a law embracing all that is
good, and discarding all that is objec
tionable, in the law question. But the
government is the people 8 ; their
chosen representatives enacted the
law, and it is as little as the people can
do to give a fair trial to the work of
their own hands and to take upon
themselves the responsibility for that
work instead of raising a hue and cry
against it and trying to fix the respon
sibility of its imperfections upon any
shoulders but their own.
Every assessor and tax-collector
every intelligent observer in the State,
knows that the laws, heretofore, regu
lating the assessment and collection of
taxes, were grossly defective ; that un
der them, tens of thousands of acres
land escaped taxation, and that there
was as now an almost universal dis
position, on the part of the people, to
make the smallest exhibit of taxable
property in order to reduce their debt
to the State. It was this fact, not less
than the necessity for maintaining the
honor of Tennessee by paying its debts,
that demanded more a stringent law
one that would bring to light all the
taxable property and thus enable the
State to pay the expenses of its gov
ernment and meet the interest on its
debt The machinery for accomplish
ing this object may be embarrassing
ly complicated, but since it is the
work of the people, through their au
thorized agents, it is not asking too
much of them, to reserve their denun
ciations and maledictions, at least un
til that machinery has had a fair trial,
and should it fail, then to remember
that their own neglect of duty to the
State, demanded more stfingent laws
and that they selected the agents who
We believe that it would be wiser
and far more economical could the
people be induced to consent to fix
upon a rate of taxation that will pay
off the debt in five or ten years, than
to pay in forty years, two or three
times the amount of the debt in inter
est leaving the principal, at the end
of that time, just what it is. Posterity
is not, and ought not to be made, re
sponsible for that debt. Had it been
created in the interest of coming gen
erations, that is, for the progressive
development of the material and in
tellectual wealth of the State, the
case would be different frut we have
no moral right to encumber our imme
diatc posterity with a debt created in
judiciously to say the least and with
out corresponding benefit to the pres
ent or future.
If all back taxes could be collected,
the State could be set upon its feet at
once, and to prevent delinquencies, in
the future, would it not be well to pass
a law declaring all sales of property,
for taxes, shall be without the equity
of redemption? Every man holding
taxable property can make himself
able to pay the tax and will doo
rather than see his property pass out
of his possession without a cKance to
redeem it. Such a law might be deem
ed stringent, but no man, by with
holding his proportionate aid to the
support of the State government,
should be allowed to increase the bur
den of his neighbor. Stringent asses
incut and prompt collection are indis
lnsable, and those who ought to pay
taxes and do not ought to be made to
The Knoxville Chronicle aud Nash
ville Bulletin gravely charge, that'the
ten thousand dollars appropriated by
the State, to encourage immigration,
has been embezzled, jointly, we sup
pose, by the Bureau of Agriculture
and the editors of the Rural Sun.
Without any knowledge of the grounds
upon which the charge is based, it is
due to ourselves to say that something
more is needed than the ipse dixit of
scallawag or carpet-bagger to fix such
a stigma upon those whose integrity has
been unimpeached up to the date of
Personally, we are unacquainted
with the accused parties, except Mr.
J. B. Killebrew, who was raised in
this vicinity, whose vocation was that
of a farmer for fifteen years with
which vocation he became acquainted
experimentally, practically and theo
reticallyand whose integrity was un
impeached up to the time he left this
county". Since that time, he has done
more, at his own expense, to encour
age immigration, to arouse the dor
mant energies of the farmer and ex
pand his knowledge of agriculture, as
a scicuce, thau perhaps any other
man in the State, in the same length
of time. We do not believe that any
member of the Bureau, or any editor
of the Rural Sun, has fraudulently ap
propriated a dollar of the ten thous
and set apart by the State to encour
age immigration. If, however, any
one, or more, of the accused parties is
guilty, we hope the accusers will pur
sue them adequate punishment
is inflicted. The honor of the State
and the" integrity of its officials out
weigh, with us, all personal and par
tizan predilections, and although we
give credence to no charges preferred
by the organs of a party notorious, at
home and abroad for its habitual plun
dering of the treasury, we shall with
hold our opinion of the prosecutors
until the verdict is handed in.
Stimulated by pride of country
and patriotic devotion to its houor and
prosjierity and guided by enlightened
wisdom, the eople of Frauce have
paid their war debt In this country
whef no such incentives exist, the
people have paid into the public treas
ury, taxes enough to carry on the gov
ernment and pay off the federal debt.
But that debt is still two or three
thousand millious, and the people seem
not to care what has become of the
The Brownsville States says that if
the next Governor is not elected from
Wast Tennessee, he shall be from East
Tennessee, in which last Divison, there
is an "old man eloquent" ready to re
spond to the call. Now if this is a
sample of democratic patriotism, we
want none of it "in ourn." If it be
Conservative statesmanship, that party
had better disband and ask Radical
ism to take its place. If it be good
taste to threaten the thoughtful, the
honest and patriotic with discord, de
feat, or Andy Johnson, the embodi
ment of both, unless they submit to
the dictation of a few discontented
wireworkers, the term has a new mean
ing for us. For ourselves, we care not
from which Division the next Gov
ernor comes if he be honest and com:
petent and should feel far less worthy
of public confidence, did we shape our
political convictions by considerations
that do not embrace the State as a
whole. Good .government is the end
we aim at, and to attain it, deem it in
dispensable to shield it from the
blighting curse of Radicalism. Can
this be done by fomenting discord and
splitting Conservatism into factions?
Is it not rather aiding and abetting
those who would bring the State again
under the controlling influence of tht
corrupt party? We do not believe,
however, that the "States" carefully
weighed the consequences, of its utter
ances, or that he really desires that
they shall give shape to the policy and
feelings legitimately to be inferred
A Radical says the Patrons of Hus
bandry may loose much and can gain
nothing by entering the 'field of poli
tics. Will that Solomon inform us
how any organization can oppose the
villainy of the Radical party and still
eschew politics. The various monop
olies that oppress and impoverish la
bor, are of political origin and are
banded together as political engines to
uphold and perpetuate "a political par
ty which has robbed labor of its hard
earnings and the people, of their
rights, their liberties and their sub
stance. We believe, in view of these
organizations, that the Radicals have
much to lose aud nothing to gain, and
there is where the shoe pinches. The
cry against their secresy, will avail
nothing when it is understood that its
sole object is to keep out of the organ
ization, the spies and minions of a
We have written and republished
a good deal about the organization of
Granges throughout the country, and
urging the movement upon the farmers
of Montgomery. So far there has
been no responsive action, though we
feel assured that a beginning is all
that is needed to induce a general
movement in the right direction.
There will be a meeting, on the 2nd of
July, at Humboldt for the purpose of
organizing a State Grange, and it may
be a good idea to send a delegate or
two, from our county clubs, for the
purpose of investigating the subject
We do not know that such delegates
would be entitled to seats, but the op
portunities will be abundant for ac
quiring such knowledge as will be
available for inaugurating the work
here, and for converting the clubs into
Granges. This promises to be the
great movement of the age, and we
are anxious to see the farmers of this
county falling into line.
Tiie London Times, speaking of the
Credit Mobillier, says it will not be
surprised at any amount of infamy
discovered in American politics since
"the gentlemen of the South, have
been superceded by negroes and carpet-baggers."
We were, before, appre
hensive that English estimate of south
ern character, might have been modi
fied by the base defection of such men
as Longstreet, Canby, Orr and Alcorn.
The Modocs who are to be tried by
court martial are like Mrs. Surratt
condemned in advance of a trial.
Grant however, may be more merciful
than was his immediate predecessor.
We have nothing to say in extenuation
of their crimes except that they were
driven to desperation by villainous
agents and have government prece
dents for their treachery.
Hon. Jas. A. McKenzie, of Christ
ian county, Ky., has been nominated
as the Democratic candidate for Sena
tor, from the Gth district.
Up to latest advices there was not
much abatement of cholera, or the pre
vailing disease, whatever it may be, in
TnE following, from the Washing
ton dispatches to the Courier-Journal,
seems to confirm the intimations we
have occasionally thrown out :
A prominent Tennessee Republican
politician reports ex-President John
son slashing around, with an eye on
the United States Senatorship, and
having a poor prospect for that posi
tion, unless he can make an alliance
with the Republicans, which the same
ccntleman says the ex-president is now
trying to arrange. A special friend of
Jonusonsays the plan is to make him
Governor first and next Senator, both
of which he regards as quite easy to be
The Farmers' Moving. From the
following exhibit the farmers' move
ment in the west and south appears to
be assuming formidable proportions :
The "granges," as they are called,
i nil f 1 niiniHorAfi M "-77
in the United States, with the aggre
gate membership of over 2,(KM1,00.
They are divided as follows : Arknu-
om I1! I Vil lfiirni-i S I 2kikroi:i Ifi Till.
nois 413; Indiana 142; Iowa 1,507;
Kansas Michigan 24 ; Minnesota
..... r . 1,0. w l 1 r
Zis; Mississippi in; Missouri
Nebraska 150; Ohio 47; South Caro
lina 118! Tennessee 13; Vermont 22;
iit- :.. 1 hi
To the Tax Collectors of the State.
Comptroller's Office, Nash
ville, June 12, 1873. I am informed
by a telegram from the Attorney Gen
eral that the Supreme Court, in session
at Jackson, has decided that "the sales
of lands for taxes, wher judgments
were entered before March the 23,
1873, will be made under the old law,"
and that all sales not ordered before
that day must be made under the new
law." John C. Bcrch, .
An official statement of the granges
organized previous to May 19th gives
thefollowincinterestingfacts : Arkan
sas,. 15; California, 8; Georgia, 1G;
Illinois, 431 ; Indiana, 142; Iowa. 1,
587; Kansas,128; Michigan,24; Min
nesota, 21'J; Mississippi, 112; Mis
souii. 245 ; Nebraska, 118; Tennes
see, J 3 ; Vermont 22 ; Wisconsin, 140
making cn organization, in the
United States, of 3377 granges, with an
aggregate membership of over 2,(&K),
The following essay was read in
Latin, by Miss Mattie Hunter, of this
county, at the graduating exercises of
the Female Academy. At the request
of many friends, we have had it trans-!
lated into English for publication : .
Welcome, O friends of the present!
I come a voiceful spirit from the city
of the ancient gods ! I bid you fly
with me to the lofty tops of the blest
Olympus, and share the sacred coun
cils of the skies!
The affairs of men disturb the Court
of Heaven, and fierce wars arise 'twixt
differing deities. The Great Father
mounts the throne. Sudden silence
falls, and lesser spirits submissive
stand. Soon he speaks, unfolding the
decrees of Fate. A city shall be built
sacred to Jupiter. Altars shall be
raised, and smoking sacrifices and wine
poured out proclaim a pious people and
a happy place. It shall be builtin the
midst of the earth, near the great sea.
Its fame shall be carried by the tides
around the world, and men in ships
shall seek the spot, and plough the sa
cred furrow. There shall be lofty
walls and brazen gates and temples
filled with gods. It shall be famous
for men skilled in arms soldiers foot
men and horsemen. The eagle, bird
sacred to Jupiter, shall perch upon its
standard, and Rome, mighty Rome,
shall rule the world.
ne ceases. JV. shout shakes the sky,
for all the powers are pleased, save
haughty Juno. She with mind in
flamed, forthwith seeks how she may
destroy the coming city. She comes to
JEolia, the kingdom of Neptune. She
begs his help. The heavens thunder ;
the air grows thick. Slumbering
storms are awakened upon the sound
ing sea. The winds rush from their
murmuring caves through earth and
air. I Bee a struggling ship. Great
waves lift it to the sky and threaten
instant death to all the men. Their
faces pale with fear ; their limbs shake,
and they cry to the god of winds to
stay the storm. The cordage creaks ;
the ship sinks, but the joyful land ap
pears, and the sailors swim to shore.
The leader, Tiberius, is drowned, be
ing earned by the current from the sea
into the river. Hence the name of the
river, Tiber. It is one hundred and
fifty miles long, and flows intothe
Mediterranean sea. The site of an
cient Alba Longa was near this river.
Two or three hundred years pass.
The Long White City disappears and
Rome rises upon its ruins. Two broth
ers, Romulus and Remus, wish to
build the city. The King of heaven
approves, and in dreams divine, or by
flight of birds, or lettered leaves, fore
tells the fortune of the city. Remus
was killed, and buried on the banks of
the Tiber. The augurs say that the
sleepless spirit walks around the low
walls of Rome, and will not rest till
Romulus shall come to share his slum
bers ! One night a storm arises and
Romulus is caught up to heaven. The
people call him a god, and build a tem
ple to his name.' As we have shown,
the Romans buried their dead the
neighboring tribes burnt their bodies,
or left them to birds and beasts. The
gras were adorned with garlands.
Upon the tomb ot a great soldier was
placed a costly urn containing the ashes
of ambition. .
Romulus instituted a senate, and di
vided the people into tribes, curiae, pa
tricians and plebeians. After him
there were six kings, their joint reign
extending over a period of 243 years.
The plebeians were forced to fight
without praise, or pay, or palm, or
crown. Hence there were frequent in
surrections among them. The con
spiracy of Cataline, Cethegus and oth
ers to massacre the consuls and destroy
the city by fire, was crushed by the el
oquence and patriotism of Cicero, who
declared it is sweet to die for one's
country, it is sweeter to avenge her
Consuls, Tribunes, Decemvirs and
Triumvirs rise and pass away, until B
C. 30 years, Augustus is left Impera
tor of Royal Rome. The men con
temporary with him in letters were
Lucretius, Catullus, Sallust, Varro,
Virgil and Horace, a cluster of seven
stars, which we may name the Roman
The Romans introduced games from
the building of the city. One of the
chief edifices was the Coliseum. It
was built by captive Jews brought from
Jerusalem by the Emperor Vespasian.
It was circular in form and used for
the exhibition of gladiators and wild
We descend the steps of the great
dungeon. They are grim with gore,
and from the walls issues the truthful
voice of history. This too was reared
by captives. Every tribe and nation
and people hath left here its name.
Rome is mistress of the world, and a
Roman dungeon is death to the world,
Let us pass the Capitoland enter the
Forum. This contains the Senate
House and Temple of Janus. This
place is filled with instruments of cruel
war. Five hundred years its gates
have stood open and its altars been
crowded with human victims.
To thy temple, O Vestal Virgin, we
will hasten ! No angry god, nor war
ring hero pollutes these pious portals !
Always the lambent flame and fragrant
incense show thy constant care and
heaven's approving nod. Holy Vestal !
Thyself the sweetest sacrifice! In
those fires are burnt the hopes of life,
the light of day and strength of years.
Farewell ! we would see the chained
captives which Cajsar has brought
home to Rome.
The Long White Road will take us
to his tent. There are guards around,
and the man styled Perpetual Dicta
tor, who has conquered three hundred
nations, captured eight hundred cities,
aud defeated three millions of men,
lies within disturbed by dreams of
Cassius and Brutus! Without, stand
the mournful captives "crying, for
crosses are being fastened to all the
trees on the hills of Rome ! The hun
gry lions roar in the lofty theatre,
where some of these will be butchered
to make a Roman holiday. See the
child, clinging to its mother's breast,
torn away, and thrown aside to perish,
while she is fed to the enraged beasts,
or sacrificed to men made madder still !
To sylvan scenes let us wander to
drown in babbling brook the cries of
the crucified ; to hide by leafy screen
sights of brutishness and blood. We
hear a shout? The victorious leg-ions
are marching home. We hasten to
the Campus Martius, a plain
outside of Rome. Sweet sounds fill
the air. Our souls exult at the strain.
Laudamm te, 0 Victoria, 0 Victor.
Oxen are seen with horns gilded and
heads wreathed with garlands, sacri
fices to Mars and Jupiter. Then eome
cars heavily laden with the . spoils of
carnage, gold, silver, pictures, costly
garments and the armor of the van
quished army. Elephants, trained to
war, trudge on like moving mountains.
Then come the captives, loudly la
menting they had not perished by fire
or sword upon their Dative shores.
Following this troop is seen a long line
of men with instruments which they
accompany with shouts to drown the
cries of the captives. Then a great
multitude of men dancing and leaping
in a manner wonderful to see !
The shouts cease. A splendid char
iot drawn by white horses announces
the coming of the Consul ! His face
is flushed the purple robe falls from
his shoulders where it is fastened by a
golden eagle. A golden ball hangs
from his breast, in his right hand is a
sceptre, on his head a crown of laurel.
The Roman citizens and the Senate
crowd around the chariot Last in the
procession comes the victorious army,
their helmets wreathed with laurel!
A shout is raised in which all join,
and the proud pageant passes !
Such, O friends, was Rome in her
days of triumph a Pantheon, or tem
ple of all the gods, but from whose
reeking altars a victim dared not call,
Following the eagle and the cross,
we' enter Jerusalem. We are pressed
into the Judgment Hall. We hear the
Roman soldiers cry, "Hail King of the
Jews." They have before them a man
meek and lowly. They put a crown
of thorns upon His head and they put
upon Him the purple robe; they.
scourge and smite Him, and lead Him
away to crucify Him, He bearing His
cross. This man is Jesils, the Savior
of men, the King of the world. No
voices sung, Laudamiu Te, 0 Victoria,
O Victor, yet His death was the victory
over the world, and He, victor over
death. By the cross stands his mother
weeping. See the Roman soldier pierce
His side ! noly Mother, canst thou
not help thy child ? Voiceless Vestal,
wilt thou see .Him die? Yet Rome
teaches her children to pray, "Hail,
Mary, Mother of the Lord ! " 0 Lamb
of God ! Divine Savior ! Light of the
World ! Bearer of the Joss ! Con
queror of the Tomb ! Ascended Lord !
Wearer of the Crown !
Friends, farewell ! What Rome was,
Ehe is, and will be. Rome never
"Rock of Ages, cleft for me.
Let me hide myself in Thee;
Let the water and the blood.
From Thy pierced side which flowed,
Be of sin the double cure.
Save from wrath and make me pure.
Could my tears forever flow,
Could my zeal no languor know,
These for sin could not atone.
Thon mast save and Thou alone.
In my hand no price I bring,
Simply to Thy cross I cling.
While I draw this fleeting breath,
When my eyes shall close in death,
When I rise to worlds unknown,
And behold Thee on Thy throne,
Hock of At;es, clefl for me.
Let we hide myself in Thee.'
LETTER FROM AS1ILA5D CITY.
Editors Chronicle : In days lang
syne we were accustomed to hear of
snakes charming and capturing
birds and small animals, by some un
accountable influence exerted upon
them, but not until recently did we
hear that they could exert such or a
similar influence, over human bipeds.
There is now living in our town a
man who, at one time, came well nigh
falling a victim to this unseen influ
ence exerted by a huge rattlesnake.
What the snake's object could have
been, will ever remain an unsolved
mystery, as doubtless, it was thwarted
by the timely appearance of a third
party on the stage. But we will let
the escaped victim tell his own story :
"I had started out from Hampton's
mill, in Davidson county, in company
with a colored man, to cut some tim
ber, I having a measuring pole and
he an ax. We soon separated. I
had not gone far before I discovered a
very large rattlesnake in the pathway
immediately in front of me; apparent
ly we discovered each other about the
same time, and both stopped. Of
course I did not know the aim of his
suake ship, but mine was to carry out
the original curse pronounced upon
him, by bruising his head. He at once
threw himself into a coil and assumed
both a defensive and offensive posi
tion. The space around being open,
and not fearing his escape, I concluded
to forge my purpose for a while and
see what he would do, resting myself
on the pole before mentioned. I was
soon intently watching his movements ;
he certainly cut up more fantastic an
tics than was ever performed by any
snake before, his head erect, eye3
sparkling like diamonds, his body the
while undergoing all manner of con
tortions, and the huge mass continu
ally assuming protean shapes, his tail
high upraised, his rattles moving
with the noislcss motion of the step of
a cat, and with almost lightening ra
pidity, and with all his bright and va
rigated colors changing with every
movement of the hidious monster, for
me a picture well calculated to attract
and rivet attention. Soon my purpose
of destruction was forgotten, or if re
membered at all only as an impossi
bility. Ere I was aware of it I stood
or rather stooped, spell bound, as i f
transfixed to the spot without the pow
cr of -speaking or locomotion, save in
obedience to the will of my captor, as
I felt the distance between us was con
tinually lessening by mutual approach
Although I was conscious of my peri
lous position yet I was powerless to
change it, and what may seem more
Strang had no desire to do so, only to
approach nearer the object that under
different circumstancec would have
been one of terror, rather than of at
traction. I knew that we were grad
ually nearing each other, but how, I
could not tell, as I was not conscious
of moving, and the snake seemed to oc
cupy the same situation relatively as
at first, I only know that in the be
ginning I stood erect, now I was in a
kneeling position, my body inclining
forward, my right hand extended for
ward, gradually nearing the snake,
not in a straight line but oscilating,
and at each movement lessening the
distance From the first moment that
I caught the eyes of the snake there
seemed a line extending from each of
his eyes to mine, about the size of an
ordinary sewing thread, which seemed
to exert a power sufficient over me to
hold me in the first position and to
make me subservient to his will.
How long I remained in this condi
tion I know not The colored man
becoming uneasy at my prolonged ab
sence commenced calling me, which I
could distinctly hear but had no pow
er to answer; finally going in search
of me, he found me in the attitude
discribed; he called to me, but as be
fore, I paid no attention to him, when
coming nearer he discovered the httgo
reptile within a few feet of me, coiled
for the deadly spring, and my right
hand within a few inches of his mouth,
each gazing intently into the o'thers
eyes. He comprehended the situation
at once, took hold of me violently and
threw me backwards, from the snake,
and thus broke the spell partially.
The sntike did not attempt to escape,
but attempted the same movements
again, but the negro at once set about
killing it ; but I begged and implored
him not to kill it, but he was deaf to
my importunities, and soon numbered
it with the slain. It measured about
four and a half feet in length, and
about four and a half inches diameter
in the thickest part of the body, and
had eight rattles. . . "
I was completely under the influ
ence of the snake or something else,
that I could not shake off, nor in fact,
had I any disposition to do so. The
hallucination, or whatever it was, was
not only pleasant but exhilarating. I
seemed to be floating in etherial space,
the mind absolved from all outward
surroundings, drinking in the most
melodious sounds to which mortal ears
ever listened, at the same time feas
ting upon visions of the most gorgeous
and dazzling beauty, and there was
only lacking one undefinable some
thing, I could not tell what, but it
seemed almost within my grasp, to
make my happiness complete. I wept
like a child when my beautiful fabric
faded into thin air, when I saw the
magician by whose cunning it was
wrought lying dead at my feet. Even
then, I did not wish to be separated
from the snake. So powerful was the
effect upon the system that I took my
bed and had a severe spell of sickness,
and for months my life was despaired
of. Even now, after a lapse of more
than a year, I don't like to speak of
the occurence, and occasionly can't
help but wishing that the snake had
not been killed. For some time after
wards portions of my body were as
pieded as the snake under whose in
fluence I had been."
I don't know how this may sound to
the readers of the Chronicle, to me
it appears strange, although I had of
ten heard the occurrence spoken of,
I was not prepared to give it full cre
dence until I had it from the party
himself. Mr. J. W. Felts, of Ashland
City, Tenn., who speaks of it with a
great deal of reluctance. If this can
be explained upon scientific or natu
ral principles would like to have it
done. If we are not mistaken in the
identity of your occasional correspon
dent, " J. M. L." we recognize man
of no ordinary attainments. Will he
rise and explain? we give him the
June 13. 1873.
HOME ADVANTAGES JOF EDUCA
TION. Stewart College.
Our citizens are gradually becoming
aware that they have in their midst a
a fine school. But do our people.
know that Stewart College has been
commence by the faculty of the grand
old University of Va., as no other Col
lege in the South West has been ? Do
our people know that men of culture,
and large acquaintance with the col
leges of our Southland, pronounce it
the best institution west of the Alle
ghanies? The citizens of Clarksville
have subscribed liberally for the bene
fit of our College; but we would urge
upon them the importance of foster
ing the interests of an institution,
promising so much in the future, for
the benefit our city.
Even as an investment, looking to
prospective revenue, rich in coming
fruitage, its importance is far beyond
any consideration yet bestowed upon
the subject This conclusion is reach
ed by the same means, and as safely as
in the case of railroads or any other
institution eugagingourattention. We
reason from cause to effect in all cases.
Our people cast about for a section of
country, void of communication with
the great markets or any ; they can
vass, among themselves and, through
various means, among the people to
be attracted, the question of investing
funds, in the projected channel of trade,
weighing well every point of value.
They count closely, then the compara
tive cost of construction and the in
crease of trade brought to other points
by similar iuvestments. Thus the
conclusion is reached for or against
such- an investment for themslves.
Unfortunately Railroads, Factories,
etc., have proved to be grand air-
castles, scattering the hopes and funds
of many towns. But who can point to
a town or city, using its earnest labors
for the maintenance of a College, urg
ing forward its advancement by indi
vidual and aggregated influence, that
failed to reap a full and overflowing
reward for all such efforts? Char
lottesville, Va., is a striking illustra
tion of what we wish to impress upon
our community. The most important
Railroad in Va., runs through the
town, but as no machine shop or half
way hotel happens to stopin the town,
the Railroad serves her as Croton Oil
does the human system. But she has
always been proud of the institution
in her suburbs, the University of Va.
Her people, whether in trade or not
have done all ui their power to congre
gateyoung men in itshalls, knowing well
from years of experience, that where
hundreds' of youths collect and stay
from year to year, thousands of dollars
will be spent to enrich and enlarge a city,
and to its growth and advancement in
every sense, knowing, too, that every
influence directed to the support of
such an institution ensures them the
invaluable benefit of the best educa
tional advantages at their door at
small cost compared with that to be
gained at inferior points, at a distance.
The issue ofthis earnest care for her
school and its interests, has been such
an improvement, as is seen in no town
in the State, as far as I remember.
And the beauty of this advantage is,
that there is an ingredient of durabili
ty attachiug to this improvement ex
tremely comforting to a town or city
struggling for eminence and progress,
I hope that our people may reflect
enough upon this question to see that
other matters, besides Railroads and
Factories, can bring them advantages,
A Mississippi exchange says there
are 107 Granges of the Patrons of In
dustry in that State, where the farmers
have very sensibly come to the con
clusion that they can best take care of
their own interests.
ATHENS FEMALE INSTITUTE. :-
' -Athens, At June, 1873. 1
Editors, Chronicler. The Com
mencement exercises of Athens (Ala.)
Female Institute have just closed.
During the . past four years, this old
and well established institution, has
been under the successful supervision
of that able scholar and refined christ
ian gentleman, Rev. J. M. Wright.
On Sunday morning, Jnne Sth, the
Baccalaureate seimon was preached by
Rev. W. II. Armstrong, of North Ala.,
Conference. We find in our day many
living illustrations of the truth con
tained in the words of his text: "But
a woman that feareth the Lord, she
shall be praised". Proverb 30, 31.
The sermon was clear, well constructed,
beautiful and eloquent The young
ladies to whom it was specially ad
dressed could not fail to be impressed
with the high dignity, solemn respon
sibiuity and mighty influence of culti
vated, christain womanhood. -
Examination of classes began on
Monday morning, and was continued
through Tuesday. The exercises
throughout were satisfactory to pa
trons and creditable to pupils who had
been dilligent, and to a Faculty that
had been faithful. We cannot refrain
from making a remark upon the ex
amination of the Primary classes.
Their correct deportment, ease of
manner, prompt and accurate answers
to questions propounded, plainly
evinced the patient care and judicious
instruction which had been bestowed
upon them, and reflected great honor
upon the intelligent and accomplished
wife of the Principal," who, although
devoting a portion of her time and la
bor to more advanced classes, was not
unmindful of the progress of their lit
tle ones. Our learned Prof, and his
efficient "help meet" are not among
those who neglect the primary branches
of education. ' The foundations upon
which they endeavor to erect a noble.
lofty, christian character are carefully,
firmly laid. Children placed under
their tutelage, at the very out set are
taught what many people never learn,
how to study methodically and think
Next in order came the Junior
Class. After being thoroughly drilled
and trained to study in the Primary
department you. are not surprised to
lenru that their report is good, their
attainments respectable and their ex
amination truly gratifying.
On Monday night the chapel of the
Institution was crowded to overflow
ing with an audience that were re
galed with a musical entertainment
which gave pleasing evidence of thy)
skill and taste of the teachers of this
"divine art", Miss Ella Hall, - one of
the most competent and thorough tea
chers we have ever known in this sec
tion, has had charge of the Music De
partment. Her proficiency in Instru
mental Music is without question,
while her equal as a vocalist is seldom
found. She and her worthy assistant
Miss Coles, have reason to congratu
late . themselves upon the success of
their concert ; the performances of the
evening delighted the audience, and
furnished ample proof of the proficien
cy of their pupils.
.The closing exercises of the gradu
ating class were conducted in the Meth
odist church on Tuesday night Five
young ladies had completed the course
of study prescribed by this Institution
now came forward to receive its final
and crowning honors.' One young la
dy however was prevented from atten
dance by serious sickness in her fa
ther's family; the remaining four
read essays which were smooth in dic
tion, clear in thought and pure, and re
ligious in sentiment These essays
manifested a scholarship and mental
discipline which entitled the young la
dies to the diplomas which were then
conferred, accompanied by brief but
touching remarks from the President.
In accordance with his custom Prof.
Wright presented each member of the
class with a Bible ; a beautiful and
symbolic act whose sacred significance
impressed every thinking mind. After
the presentation he read an appro
priate and practical, yet, eloquent ad
dress to those who were about to go
forth from their Alma Mater, to meet
the duties and responsibilities of life,
for which all true education endeav
ors to quulify its subject.
With this term the labors of our be
loved principal and his wife, in Ath
ens Female Institute, comes to a close.
Contrary to the wishes of his patrons
and the entire community, he has re
signed this position with the intention
of removing to your city. The pat
rons of Clarksville Female Academy
may well rejoice that it has secured the
services of a scholar so ripe, an edu
cator so judicious and a christian so
pure and devout, as Rev. J. 51. Wright.
For him we bespeak the hearty co
operation of all friends of female ed
ucation, and while he. carries with him
our profound regrets at his resignation,
he has our best wishes for his prosper
ity in his new field of labor.
The Country Press.
Several years ago, we heard a dis
tinguished gentleman remark in a lec
ture, that the appearance of the churc h
es, school-houses and grave-yards,
were the signs of civilization by which,
in traveling he estimated the charac
ter of different neighborhoods. We
are inclined to think that the recep
tion given to the local newspaper is a
better index to the degree of intelli
gence than anything else. The news
paper is the very lungs of a communi
ty ; purifying its life currents, and giv
ingexpression to its views. It is there
fore with much interest that we every
week look orer our country exchanges,
for in them we find the character of
tlie people faithfully photographed.
In examining our books, we generally
find that where the local paper presents
a healthy prosperous appearance, the
Rural Sun has a good circulation ; and
in our trivels, we have never
Sailed to nee in such ' places, Dr.
McFerrin's "three signs of civiliza
tion." Commend us to a people who
are hearty in the support of home en
terprise. Cholkra, which had dwelt for cen
turies in the regions of the -Ganges,
broke out in Calcutta-as an epidemie
nearly sixty years ago. In 1820 it
slew 15fl,(XJ persons in Bombay. A
year liter it had the rivers and the
road to Perm, Arabia1 and Asia Mi
nor. A little more than forty years
ago it was traveling over Europe, It
first appeared this side of the Atlantic
in 1832, at Quebec. Two days later it
approached Montreal. In a fortnight
it broke out in New York and visited
most of the large cities of the oountry.
But it has not been an epidemic in
this country for forty years, the in
stances that have occurred being wholy
Tub New Orleans Times says ; "The
weather has become fine, and crops are
said to be growing. with amazing ra
pidity, lho sugar prospect is far bet
ter than it wai at this time last year.
The Atlantic Monthly, which Sappor
ted Grant ia 1872, Takes a Waackat
111m in l!73. -v .
Civil service reform is "merely a piece
of machinery for giving sober, indus
trious, and thorough people the power
and influence of which they,have be
come, by force of circumstances, de
prived. The essence of it is, after all,
not the adoption of. a series of rules
tor the examination of candidates for
Treasury clerkships, but a real devo
tion on the part of the reforming power
to those virtues we have named, a pro
found belief in the necessity of eleva
ting the tone of the government; in
short a little of that sacred "passion
of perfection" which leads men iu
troubled times to sacrifice to the gen
eral good their selfish appetites and
love of ease. Without this spirit
there can be no life in the rules. Gen.
Grant, however, has never given the
public any reason to believe that he is
possessed by this spirit, while he has
given a thousand reasons for believing
that he is not It is true that, if we go
back to the opening of his first admin
istration, we find him announcing his
determination to turn the cold shoul
der to the politicians, and make his
appointments without regard to any
other claims than those of fitness. We
have no doubt he wa sincere in his
professions, for he dia nominate a Cab
inet, selected with a view to what he
considered fitness, and ia doing so de
clared war upon the politicians, as he
had promised. But it proved a blood
less contest He grew very tired of it
lie was fond of popularity and ease,
and in a few months a truce was de
clared. From that time to this he has
not troubled himself about the matter.
He has allowed "the machine to be
worked by the old crew for their own
profit, quite content himself if they
will work it without pestering him
with questions for which he has by na
ture and education no disposition to
deal. Itlwould not be difficult to se
lect from the principal acts of Gen.
Grant's administration those in which
he himself took a lively interest, for,
when he does take a lively interest in
anything, he is apt to make his friends
and supporters, as well as his enemies,
understand the fact. He did take a
lively interest in the annexation of
Santo Domingo. Ihis was evident
enouch. both from his messages and
from the urgency with which he half
publicly importuned members of Con
frress. He took a warm interest in the
Indian peace policy. He has showed
a persistent determination- to keep his
brother-in law Casey in the Louisiana
Custom-house, and to support his
government of Louisiana by force of
arms it necessary, lie hasalso wished,
in an evident but unintelligent sort of
way, to reduce taxation, to pay off the
national debt and to get the currency
into a sound condition ; we say unin
telligent, because he has never preten
ded to have any definite ideas on eco
nomical subjects, except some antique
exploded fallacies which can hardly
be supposed to furnish the grounds for
his practical recommendations, so long
as we have the much more plausible
explanation that he has allowed his
Secratary of the Treasury to drift him
into a policy of which he neither un
derstands the virtues nor the defects.
State Grange of Tennessee. .
Obg.vx izatio or this State OnAxnc
Early Uicove, Uim., June 2, lSTi.
Editors Appeal: Please announce
that the meeting to organize the State
grange ot Tennessee, is fixed for the
second of July, proximo, at Humboldt,
Tennessee. The masters of all subor
dinate eranges arc entitled tn scats,
and are expected to attend. The ses
sion will convene on Wednesday, the
second of July, at ten o'clock in the
All papers in Tennessee friendly to
the farming interest are respectfully
requested to copy this notice.
A. J. Vaighn,
General Deputy National Grange
Patrons of Husbandry for the States
of Tennessee and Arkansas.
A MECnAMC in Philadelphia pro
poses to build steamships of one solid
piece of iron or steel, without seam or
joint Tnis he accomplishes by wel
ding the plates and frame, instead of
using bolts or rivets. He claims that
he has invented machinery by which
the thing can be done, at a great sa
ving of cost 'of weight and of time,
and with a great gain of strength and
Yeo are tronblod with bad breath: it
annoys yonrlriends and arnnalntanren, an
well as yourself. You would lik ta get
rid of 11, but scarcely Know what means to
adopt. Ve wi 1 tell yon. Une the fragrant
Sozodont. It will clean.se and beautify
your teeth, and leave yourbreath pure and
Accidents happen ; keepKpalding'sUlue
MRS. MOOXEY'S SELECT SCII0OL.
The fall session will open Auemxt 25, 1S7L
and continue twenty weeks. Tuition, Ho
and t-t) per Mewtion. KiikIIsIi branches,
Mathemalicand I jvtin taught. Special at
tention paid to Penmanship. School at
residence. Incidontal fee, 1, cash. Tuition
June 21, 1K73-4W.
Wm. Wall rt al v. Mary Wall et al. and
u. .h. KiHCkiuan, Adiu r, vs. ileirsof Klch
ard W all.
Pnrsnant toadecreln these cause at the
April Term. If7;t, of the Chancery Court of
Montgomery roaniy, i wur sell at pnlilie
suction, to the highest bidder, at the Court
uouse lnnarnsvtue, on
Wednesday, July 23, 1S73,
all of the real estate of IUchard Wall,deo'd
1. The brick store houe In Franklin Hall
block formerly occupied by K. . McCul
loch as a clothing store.
2. The remainder Interest in the stare
house now occupied br Kelt la A Son In
Franklin Hall block. Mrs. Mary Wall has
a lUe estate in this house. The fee-simple
title will be sold subject to her lireestate.
1. An unimproved lot on Madison street,
adjoining the Baptist church.
4. An unimproved lot on the Public
Hqu.ire, Known as the Acliey lot.
a. A lot in South Clarksville, known ai
the Hone Walk lot.
6. A house and lot In Gallows Hollow
Sooth Clarksville, being same purchased of
Glen n fc Carr.
7. A honse and lot near the passenger de
pot back of Mad 'son street.
K, One-half undivided interest in a lot on
Hussell vilie turnpike, being same owned
and used by Wail A Buck for a brickyard.
H. A house and lot on Main street, Clarks
ville, whioh has been occupied by Mrs. Ma
ry Wall as a homeslead.
10. The following lots In the division of
the property I n the caus of Meorge Stacker
vs. House et als.,a plat of which la oa file
In this ni!l :
It Ai.! containing W , acres.
7 l- "
11. Lot No. 1 in the Main street plat of the
PoMlon property, in thecnueof 11. H.l's
Ion, Kx r,--. It. V. t'oston. The pint is oil
tllf in 111 v otlice.
Tkkms or H.tLKi One-fourth cash, bal
nnir 011 a credit of 1 and 2 years. Notes
with good securities, hi-riug interest from
dale and a lien retained.
On the stort'bouxe the purchasers will be
required to keep the the property Well in
sured, under my direction, and the policies
transferred to me as additional security.
POLK O. JOH SSOS, C. M.
June 21, 1875 hr. pf 318 u.
W. B. CROSS.
R. 4. OOOSTREK
W. B. CROSS & CO".
(SuocesHors to Geo. G. Willis Co,,)
Anddealersln Lumberof every description
Poplar, Gnm, Pine, Oak, Wilnal,
Cedar Fence Posts, Shingles,
. , ' and Sawed Lathes. ,
ibfuctioa guarantee. . Juue H, TWin
Parties desirlnir Information of. or Uiomj
iahintf to rurchaH tickets in. the Iiuis.
ville Library Drawing, will io well toeail
on JNO. RREYNoLIiS.
' at Owen & Moore's Iru Store.
June It, US?i-2w.
- Administratrix Sotlee.
Beingduly qualified as administratrix of
the estate of my late hushami. W. M. Or.
gain, ail persons Indented to the estate wi" 1
come forward and make tutyment, and ail
having claims against the same wilt be re
quired to present them within the time re
quired by law, or thev will be barred.
a -m tilt; okuain, Adm'x.
I have duly analiried as Adminl.tratorof
the Kstate of my father, the late Kit-hard
Winn. Ail persons are notified U present
theirclaimsuoainst the estate to tne, with
in the time allowed by law, and all persons
Indebted will at once pay their indebted
ness to me.
June It. 1873-lw.
Captain Jack Captured!
Owing to tha Breaking of a Worth
If he had pur
chased one of
Joslin's mfcke he
w. t.t KMm,a 1... 1
weiiancv w vten. ! I
Davis and " theCfii -
. . ... H .1. I - J
did stock of fad- sJL3 "
Whips, V.to of any kind desired at prices
which dety competition. Nothlrg but thw
nest material ou, and none out the best
workmen employed. So come ftiong and
get the worth of your money.
When-Ton want anything In the above
line, be sure to call 011
Saddle and Harness Maker.
June lLTl-ly.l Clarksville, Tenn.
GREENWOOD CEMETERY !
Dedication cf the Grounds
PUBLIC SALE OP LOTS
SATURDAY, JUNE 21, 73
AT 10 O'CLOCK, A. M.
Commandery of Knights
Independent Order of Odd
Fellows, Good Templars and
Firemen have been invited
to turn out on the occasion.
Addresses will be made by.
Hon. G. A. Henry, Hon. J.
F. House and Rev. J. H.
The people of Montgomery
County are earnestly invited
to attend the dedication and
sale, the ladies particularly.
Heads of families in the city
and within twelve or fifteen
miles of the city would do
well to consider this matter
before the day of sale and be
prepared to secure desirable
and permanent resting places
for their dead.
Terms of Sale? Cash.
Bv order of the Board.
B. W: MACRAE, Fres't.
D. N. Kennedy, Secy.
Still Adding to Onr Stock
- new and desirable styles of
It Is a fixed feature In ourbnslnesa. We are
determined to keep Kod Cnioda. made up
in best styles, ami to sell at the very lowmt
prices, tieiitlemeu. we slinnlv ask vou to
call and examine. We know we are pre
pared to Oder you induce meuta.
New Pant and Coat Linens,
New Cottonades for Men and Boys,
New Hummer Coatings, -.
AH the above fresh and desirable. Also
new supply of beautiful
at very low prices.
Our Shirt Trade Growing
IOW Prices, Good Goods, Pretty My lea and
Perfect Kit. Kemember. Oentlemen, we
sell at WHOLKSALK PRICKS, In dozen
and half doseu-lots. Don't forget the In
ducements constantly offered you.
B. F. l Ot LTEK.
HEW STOCK OF (MTIM
I have recently added new and beautiful
patterns to my stock and they are very
choice. Also a new line of very pretty
Rugs. New designs in
FLOOR OIL CLOTHS !
Table Oil Clothsof varioos styles. WeofTer
very pretty Turkey Table Damasks, Bleach
ed Table Immaaks and Napkins.
We invite especial attention to our-stock
In these we offer decided bargains.
Straw Mattings !
Buy your Mattings of B. F. COULTKIL
New style Hemp superior to anything yet
offered in hemp kih. Also very desira
ble hemp at tlie low price of 2i eeubi per
yard. A lew t srpeiir.x left bicli xt are
selling at less tlian cost to ru the lot out.
If you want a low price carpet Inr bedroom
or other purpose, uou I mil lorsll n t ex-
WHITE PIQUE; !
Ijulles, don't hny your White Dresvesbe
lore looking at the iwautilut giioda we slier.
New Stock of Lawns and
Linen Lawns !
Which we offer at low figures. Call and
A beautiful stocic of CALICOES. The
prettiest yet offered, aud ouly Intents per
IN DRUMS UOOIW GENERALLY
We are offering very decide J bartains
We offer the most attractive assort moot at
very low prices.
IN PARASOLS AND FANS
WeofTer the greatest varietv ever before
exhibited by us. Ladies will llrvl It to
their adviiiitai(e to (elect these goods frorj
our beautiful stock.
New Shoes! New-Shoes!
We are regularly rrceivinv new sn relics of
tlie best l.r.mils, sn.l Invite all to examine.
lnr prices are at th verv lowest point.
Pretty lotof BABY MluHK.
B. F. COULTER.
May 24. IHTMf. -
During the months of May and June, 1375,
we will deliver St. Bernard Coal, by the car
load, at 16 cents pet baslia!. T r.n,, posi
T.T. URACEY 2R0.