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title: 'Clarksville weekly chronicle. (Clarksville, Tenn.) 1873-1890, June 28, 1873, Image 1',
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II H H
VOL. 43. NO 33.
. CLARKSVILLE, TENN.,; SATURDAY, JUNE 23, 1873.
J3YERS keeps a complete
stock of Drugs, Patent Med
icines, Paints; Notions, Blank
Books and Stationery, and is
prepared to sell low at retai
W. H. TURN LEV. W. J.
. W, D.fcMEUIWETHER, Jr.
TURNLEY, ELY & CO.
General Commission Merchants,
CLARKSYILLE. - - - TEXN.
Advances made on Tobacco in Store.
We have secured the services of Col. W.
F. Young, the well-known auctiouer,
who will sell all of our Tobacco for us.
We have erected, a shed Jn New Provi
dence, oppowte the store of M enure. McPan
lel 4 Barlee, where we will receive tobacco
and dray it to our warehonse free of charge
f.r those person who do not wish to haul
11 to ciarKsvuie. .Messrs. mcwiuki a. um
1x4? will receive, weigh aud receipt for To
lieeo delivered at our bhed in New Provi
dence. !, t Tl -tf.
, UCAULE8. W. M. DANISI.
G. It. QCABLK8.
Quaries, Daniel &
CLARKSYILLE, . - - - TENN.
Will practice In the Courts of Montgom
ery ami adjoining counties.
April 27, 1W2-U
(MOND B. LI" It TON'.
CIIAB. W. TYLER.
LURTOM & TYLER,
ATTORNEY AT LAW,
Will practice In the courts of Montgom
ery and adjoining couuiies
JAMES W. RICE,
ATTORNEY AT LAW,
Will alien. 1 the 'courts or Montgomery,
Ktewartand Houston counties,
ottlce on Strawberry Alley.
Jan. i, lS73-ly
BARKER & COURTS,
Franklin St., Sign of Sugar Hogshead.
Jan 13, 72-tC
K. 8. BRINUHl'KST.
ANDERSON & BRIXUIIURST,
COAL, HAY, CEAIN, EEA1T, ETC.,
T. D. SCOTT, - - - Proprietor.
This house Is complete in nil its appoint
ments, aud t be tnhlesupplied with t lie best
Iheiuarkel affords, at reasonable rates.
Jan. 29 '-'
Is Always on fiS5.
JOHN MANXINU has discovered that
tliecitiacnsof flarksvllle and surrounding
country needed a npecitle in the rarest
cntne o"f t be season. s-rved npin Kuropeau
Myle " ten minutes notice, and as ttie
canvass for the Presidency has now fairly
opened, he keeps constantly on hand the
choicest Wines. Liquors, pure imported
Havanua Clears and Cincinnati Lager
lieer, to nerve all candidates on to victory.
Restaurant and Saloon open night and
lay, where the most fastidious may be
more than pleased.
Feb. 8, lrtTi-tiiil
ltlll4,, Oltl Saloon);-
Having purchased tlie popular
Saloon, Restaurant and Bil
Formerly owned byti. A, Roth, has had
the establishment i.twly painletl and re
tit ted, and is now open to the public,
where all are tuvilcd to enjoy the best of
Wines, Liquors. Cigars,
and other refreshments. Everything kept
neat ami orderly.
Aug 10, 72-tf
Hides, Furs, Wool, Glnsen?, and all
kinds or Metal,
PuhUc S.jM.iir, CLARKSYILLE.
I am no candidate for office, but will psy
cash for all articles in my line. Come
along with t bem.
The finest selection of im
ported Colognes, llamlker
chief Extracts, Hair Oils,
Toilet Soaps, Co lis and
Brushes of all kimls for sale
by OWEX & MOOKE.
To OCR Friends. Having pone to
great exiense to give our readers a lar
ger and Letter pajier, we would ur
gently request all iudebted to us, by
note or aceorsst, to come up, without
delay, and make payment. We need
the money, and lie this modest ap
peal will not pass unheeded.
Neblett & Grant.
Fine Cigars, also choice
Virginia Smoking and Chew
ing Tobacco for sale by
OWEX & MOORE.
Taken np and posted by W. A. Scott, in
dlst. No. 1. Monlgomery county, on Uie'Jii
day of April, lx7:t.one dark bay mare, about
17 years oitl, tdlnd in right eye, has a wire
on riithl shoulder, left hind foot white,
small scar on left shoulder. Valued at til
teen dollars. u. i. RE Alt, K. M. C.
L 3. GRUSMAH
Is now making large addi
tions to his stock, and offers
inducements to the Trade,
VHOLESiLE AHD RETAIL.
EXTRA GOLDEH STROP,
in kegs, half barrels and barrels.
SEW ORLEltt MOUSSES.
Crashed, Powdered and Granulated
New Orleans, Clarified cud Crown
NEW CAROLINA RICE.
Burnett's Flavoring Extracts.
PURE CREAM TARTAR.
PUKE BI-CARB. SODA.
Spices, o I'll 11 lcintlM
llorsford's Bread Preparation,
rURE CATAWBA WINE
Pure Cider Vinegar.
Old reach and Apple Brandy.
Oltl French Urnntlj-
300 Bus. Clover Soed-
Orchard and Herds Grass Seeds.
ULUE GRASS SEED.
With all other goods to make a complete
J. J. CRUSMAN,
Klrst and Franklin Streets.
well assorted stock of
Staple and Fancy
which they sell as low as they
can be bought anywhere
in the South or "West.
They invite es
arge Stock of the
Best Brands of
y Whisky. Old
Brandy and Pure
X THIS MARKET, FOR
particularly suited to those
who want a pure article
for medicinal or oth
Orders promptly attended to
and satisfaction guaranteed.
Walter McComb & Co.
March 22, lS73-tf
Y. 1. WILLIAMS,
Would call your
attention to his
new spring Stocli
of Boots i Shoes.
just in store. The
assortment in ev
ery grade is very
new styles in
and Gents" Un
goods sold at the
Please call and
examine them at
HTo. 23 Franklin
Street. Apm s-tf.
W. II. POLLOCK.
POLLOCK '& JOHNSON,
REAL ESTATE AGENTS,
(Office Up Stairs)
CORNEB FRANKLIN ASD FIESTSTS.,
Fire and Marine Insurance. The best
and cheapest Life Insurance in the United
New York Life Ins. Co.,
no new-fangled, untried, or experimental
company, but one time tried and tested
and ever found worthy. Undoubted in
demnity at the
LOWEST OOWX RATES f 0XS1SIEXT
Be not deceived and misled. Thebest Is the
cheapest. If you wish to insure your life.
cuoose a company oi age, experience ana
ability, and you will select the "Old Relia
ble" New York Life.
Will eive our attention to the baying.
selling and renting of real estate.
H. P. DORIUS.
HAMLETT & DORRIS,
Stoves, Tinware, Castings,
Grates, and House Fur
Eery description of Tinware
made up in good style.
ROOFING aud CITTECIXG promptlj
J6T H. P. DORRIS will superintend the
Keb. 1. l73-tf
SETTLE & SON, Ag'ts,
And Dealers in
Country f roduce Generally
FRANTLFN HALT. BUILDING,
We keep every variety of
which we offer at the lowest market rates.
Country Produce of all kinds. Poultry.
Eeiis. Butter, etc.. for which we will ex
change Groceries or pay cash.
Jan. 25, 72-tt
WearedellverineSt. Bernard Coal, with
in the limits of the city, for 18 cents per
bushel. Pittsburg Coal, for 3D cents per
bushel.- Terms cash.
r P. UK AC Ex & BKU.
fE CRE1U AID S0D4 -WATEH
LI GOIIt ELY'S.
We have oneneil our Ice Cream Salooii
for the season, and are prepared to furnish
any quantity that may lie desired.
We have on hand a large and varied as
and everything in our line that can be
detdied. Call aud examine our slock.
LIGOH & ELY'S BAKERY
is in full operation. Fresh Yeast. Bread.
and every variety of Cake, fresh from the
oven every day. ah orders promptly tilled,
No. 33 Franklin Street,
Clark aville, Tennessee.
" May 17, 73-tf.
Blanks or every descrip
tion, for sale at tbls omce.
Editoes Chronicle : I hae been
looking for some time for some one to
say something through the columns of
your valuable paper in reference to the
County Superintendent to be elected in
July ; yet but very little has been said.
The time for election is rapidly ap
proaching, yet the people do not seem
to be very much interested about it.
iorwunsianuiDg mis is an omce ot
great importance to every one, yet all
Beem to be resting very easy in regard
te it, and were it not that report says
there are some who intend running for
this office who are incapable of filling
it, I would not attempt to write any
thing in reference thereto. Good rea
son and common sense will teach every
one (on a moment's reflection) that a
man who is not capacitated to fill this
office, will do the county an injustice if
elected. The Court should look well
to this point, for the prosperity of the
public schools will depend, to a great
extent upon the Superintendent If
he is not the right man in the right
place, the public schools of Montgom
ery county will do but very little good.
If a man seeks this office merely for
self-aggrandizement, he is not a suita
able one for the office. A man who
will look to the interest of the people
and of the public schools, is the right
kind. j. ,- , ' . ..
There are several other things neces
sary for a good Superintendent. lie
should be a man of experience in the
school room, if possible. If he has no
experience, he will not be so apt to
know . when everything is ; going on
rightly. The first Superintendent will
have a more difficult position to fill
than those who follow. He will have !
to pave the way. Therefore he should
be a man of perseverance, having the
ability and the wilL If the first Su
perintendent is negligent and indiffer
ent and fails to arouse the people on
the subject of schools, he will do but
little good. Many are opposed to them
because the old school law did so little
good. I say let us have a good Super
intendent, and let him stir up the peo
ple on the subject and show to them
that public schools can be made a suc
cess and that there can be a great deal
of good done by them. If we have a
man who is not suitable for the office,
the schools will be of little or no avail
and consequently the people will op
pose them and they will then have
reasons to do so. It is to be hoped
the Court will elect a suitable man to
the office. The State Superintendent
no doubt, is the right man in the right
place. Let the counties have compe
tent men forSuperintendents, and pub
lic schools will be a success instead of
a failure, and they will prove a blessing
instead of a curse to the people.
Claeksville, June 20, 1873.
C03IMEXCEMEXT IX CLAKkSYILLE.
BY MRS. S. F. MOO.VEY.
From the Christain Advocate.
Mr. Editob : Your "pleasant and
furtive visit to Clarksville" may have
prepared you somewhat for the enter
taining exercises ot the week, ending
June b. It has indeed been a feast
week, as it included the Examination
and Commencement-exercises of both
Clarksville Female Academy and
Alter the Commencement-sermon
on sabbath morning, you remarked.
"A woman will chatter." I suppose you
meant by this to reconcile the theo-
. . a
ries concerning man and the monkey.
Monkies chatter. Man was once a
monkey woman, we know, was made
from the rib which the Lord took from
man. so she could not possiblybe a
help-meet for man unless she learned
his language and his ways. This is
what your savants style "an affinity ac
cording to origin."
r ow my chatter must not inter
fere with the official report of the Con
ference Committee, and if your col
umns are crowded with educational
items, the loss of this paper will not be
a source of sorrow to anybody.
Y e all know the heaviness which
follows a festival day. In the gloom
which gathers it is almost impossible
to reproduce the sunshine and splen
dor of the scene. The best effort is
only a pale twilight where auroral
rays andsunsetshadesfaiutly glimmer.
Still it is a pleasant lijiht, and we
would fain bask in it, and catch the
straying sunbeams among the western
It is not my purpose to speak in de
tail of the work done during the ex
amination. 1 could not particularize
in the different departments. .The
work of the week will at least modify
the "appalling statistics of illiteracy in
the South. Uecry examinations as
we may, they are fruitful of much good.
They are exponents of duties faithfully
done during the session. They stim
ulate the sluggish, and excite the in
dustrious to more earnest effort. The
reading of the roll is a public herald
of those who have run in the race day
bv dav. The well-directed lance will
strike through the plated helmet of ig-
norancet and disclose those who are
present in mask. -The
French have what they call a
riite,4iteraiiy, an indorsement maue rjy
the police-officers m large towns on
the back of a passport, denoting that
it has been examined, and that the
person who bears it is permitted to
proceed on his journey. If I were to
write an elaborate essay on education,
I could not tell 3-ou more than that
concerning the examinations in Clarks
ville in both the schools. The prom
inent idea was, these teachers have
worked well thev have accomplished
much still, they have impressed their
pupils with the thought, that after al 1,
they must write their own diplomas
and force the world to sign them !
Several things conspire to make
these annual festivities oecasious of
interest. First because they are an
nual. That man is blest who receives
great good once a year. It is the an
nual inundation of the Nile which
strengthens the 6oilfor seed-time and
harvest Good once enjoyed fructi
They remind us of the past and
noint ns to the future : show us wheth
er we are on the ascending rounds of
the ladder of light whether we have
stopied or commenced the fatal de
cent Such thoughts will intrude.
There is much moral force in a Col
lege Commencement A man of infi
del sentiments and according to his
own statement, "very wicked," re
marked at the close of the exercises :
"I feel very different and when all
this crowd, which has mingled togeth
er so pleasantly for a few days, but
must now nart shall meet over the
river, I will try to be one of the num
ber." He never so realized the
thought of eternal separation from
those we love. . . . ..
I did not intend such a digression.
The Commencenient-sermons were
in advance of the preaching so loudly
lauded in the select sanctums of the
progressive spirit of the age. For
scientific research, classical illustra
tions, earnest enforcement of Bible
truths, the sermon in the Academy
Chapel, on Sabbath morning, could
not be surpassed. A lady said, That
sermon reminds me of the great Stras
burg Clock, except it has no "lower
apartment it was high, higher, high
est. it certainly consisted ot more
than a thousand pieces of machinery.
spiendiaiy ponsnea and working in
harmonious action. So interested
were we in the complicated construe
tion, the mechanism ot man, the revo
lution of the stars, the sola and lunar
equations, the conjunctions and eclipses
ot tne heavenly bodies, that we were
startled when the mace struck the
death hour, aud the four figures rep
resenting the various stages of human
life passed away. "Remember now
thy Creator in the days of thy youth,
wuue tne evil aays come not nor the
years draw nigh, when thou shalt say,
I have no pleasure in them ; while the
sun, or the moon, or the stars, be not
darkened, nor the clouds return after
the rain ; -or the golden bowl be bro
ken, or tne pitcher be broken at the
fountain,- or the wheel broken at the
cistern. Then shall the dust return to
the earth as it was : and the spirit re
turn to Uod who gave it
The highest service Art can accom
plish lor man is to become the voice of
his nobler aspirations. This bein?
true, we should hail every advance in
this, department. Pictures are the
products of peace their destruction a
result of war. We well remember
how bare were the walls of Southern
homes a lew years since. The Art
Levee at the Academy, Friday night,
May i0, showed these lost treasures to
have been restored. You have had so
many descriptions of things of this
sort, I know not what words will best
cenvey the significance of the scene.
The stern necessities of life have left
so little time for. the cultivation of
those graceful arts which beautify onr
homes, that the display gave a certain
sense of triumph in the heart I ad
mire the spirit of the French lady who
was reminded by an officer of the
helpless condition of the city. She
replied, "AYe are rich in resources we
can make something out of almost
anything. He handed her a hair.
with the taunting question. "What
will you do with that?" The next
morning he received a diagram of the
captured city held bv a single hair.
It may be a long time before we reach
the point of aesthetic perfection, or be
come ingenious in devices, but we are
progressing. Ihe painting, wax-work.
hair-work, of Clarksville Female
Academy, are under the supervision
and direction of Miss Kate Carney, of
Murfreesboro. She has more than
doubled the class during the past ses
sion. Iter wort3 praise her. Ihe
French and Latin are taught by Miss
Belle Dromgoole, also, of Murfreesbo
ro. The Latin Salutatory and French
Valdictory evinced careful culture on
the part of the teacher and proficiency
in the pupils. But I promised not . to
detail, and if I go on to tell you how
handsomely Miss Vic. Dryden's class
es acquitted themselves; how farmil
iarly Miss Bosley's talked of the stirs,
and rocks, and great lights in English
literature ; that Miss Agnes Dryden's
class in Geometry drew the diagrams
so well that an old man said ; "I know
nothing of the study, but I love to
see those lines crossimr each other so
regularly;" that Miss Cralle's classes
were complimented, and Mrs. Gunn's
publicly and privately praised if I
were to tell you the half, I know just
what you'd do, and I have no desire
for that sort You love music, and
Mrs. Cranwell shall sing for you, and
Miss Spear, Miss. Hughes, and Miss
llichardson all play for you at once;
and if that force is not heavy enough,
shill call a bevy of fifty bright-eyed
girls, andtall together, they will make
such a noise I cannot hear you scold.
Tuesday evening the graduating
a ass, fourteen in number, read their
essays. The Clarksville press (and,
editors ought to know) speak in com
mendation of their efforts. One fine
feature of the occasion was the Coro
nation of the Class. Some things are
too beautiful to be touched, so I leave
you to immagine all the sweet scenes
vou have read of folks or fairies!
The address to the class, by Dr. Sears,
was pretty, but practical, a model as to
time, manner, and matter. Before the
curtain was dropped, the audience
was requested "to remain quiet."
When it was "drawn," a beautiful
scene was presented. The teachers
and pupils had chosen this occasion
for a tangible expression of their good
will toward the retiring President It
consisted of a full service of silver and
office-chair and sofa lounge. The in
trinsic value of the articles was greatly
heightened by the motive which promp
ted to action, and the delicate manner
in which the whole affair was conduc
ted. Maj. G. A. Henry was selected
rto make the presentation address.
His peculiarly felicitous style is famil
iar to all Tennesseeans who are ac
quainted with their great men. The
surroundings were favorable, and he
did not fail to catch the inspiration
necessary to the moment. The bowl
of nectar was bounteously bestowed,
and wit like win did flow!
When Dr. West rose to respond,
many eyes were moistened, for we be-
fan to realize fully that we thould see
im no more as President of Clarks
ville Femala Academy. Dr. Cobb,
President of the Board of Trustees,
went forward, and in a short speech,
aptly expressed the deep sentiment of
regret prevading the community at
the loss of Dr. West. I do not fully
understand the philosophy of tides. I
know we all felt we had reached low
water when-we heard Dr. W. had re
tired. It is one of the deformities of
American schools that they do not re
tain their officers forany great length
ot time the redeeming feature i3 that
when the tide goes out at one point it
comes in at another. In the early
days of English Methodism some
places showed a steady decrease in
members, notwithstanding frequent
revival seasons. The matter excited
inquirv, and resulted in the fact that
the tide had left the Old World and
was floating to the New. It was not
the going out of religion in England,
but it was the coming in of religion to
What the school lost the Church
will gain. Dr. West took
the school when all the meadows lay
in snow, with scarce a sign that there
would be a birth of green : when the
sun should pass into the vernal equi
nox. Spring came, the sun returned
the waste places sang his work has
been a success.
Will you allow a word fitr Commencement-day
at Stewart Col!o.?e? This
embraced Thursday, June 5, 1873.
Commencement-Jay "is the day on
which" students in college commence
bachelors," a day on which degrees
are publicly conferred in the English
and American Universities. Four
young meu commenced this life, and
received diplomas from President
Shearer. Mr. Caldwell, of Shelby--ville:
Mr. Munford of Chirksville ;
Mr. J. B. West of Clarksville; Mr.
T. E. Brantley, of Mufrccsboro. All
the orations were superior in style,
sentiment, and delivery. I would like
to notice them more minutely, but I
hear you say "Hurry." We were
pleased to see Rutherford wear the
wreath, though the President assured
the audience that all the members of
the class, were what the Germans call
I don't recall the idiom but possi
bly a quilt lionorilus, or comites lauJ-
ilus will convey the thought, li tncjr
attain unto all implied and "required '
in the parting counsel of the Presi
dent, thev will have earned "leaves
laureled leaves, the highest honor in
ancient academic life.
The address to the Literary Societies,
by H. M. Doak, of Clarksville, received
rounds of applause. The subject
Lifu's Work, was ably and dispassion
ately treaied, and noticeably free from
those extreme views indulged by most
persons who treat this theme the
mode" movers of the mill who pnt
their shvulders to the wheel aqd cause
such rapid revolutions as to destroy
the whole machinery.
Thursday evening, June 5, was the
grand Concerto and Floralia by the
1 1, I l, T,
music-ciasses ot iiarksnuc uemale
Academy. "The Olympian Host visi
the earth enter into an entertainment
find Flora and crown her Queen of
r lowers. Ihe open scene discovers
Undine and three water nymphs lis
tening to.Troubadour's tale of love for
r lora. JVIercnrv anneals discovers
r lora, charmed with her beauty dis
closes her Coronation by Juno, and n
nounces thecominz of the Olympian
i rain I ltn this delighttui vision
we take our farewell of the Academy,
the pupils, teachers, and President
The next session will commence the
first Monday in September. Rev.
James Wright, now of the Athens
remale Institute. North Alabama.
President He will be assisted by i
competent corps of experienced tea
chers. We predict for him a liberal
The South will RIse'Agaln.
Upon a recent occasion in "Wash
ington, Judge Embrey, in introdu
cing a Southern lady to an audience of
ladies and gentlemen, paid the follow
ing handsome tribute to the women of
the South :
Ladies and Gentlemen: Twenty
years ago all the Southern States were
represented at this capital by many of
the loveliest and most accomplished
ladies of America. They were indeeit
the queens of American society in the
highest intellectual culture, and in
more than princely bearing of Orien
tal beauty. But war, with the devas
tations that follow in its train, has. for
more than a decade, swept with relent
less fury over all the fair and fruitful
fields of. the South. It has desolated
countless happy homes, curbed many
noble ambitions, crushed manv Kris' hr
v i . . ; .
uopes ana anticipations, reduced to
poverty and want thousands reared in
affluence and wealth, and has hnnc the
symoois ot mourning throughout all
li.. . . a
the borders ot that sunny land. Such
a land, with such a soil and climate,
and, above all, such a race of people,
was not destined by God and nature to
utter ruin. Her stricken and wasted
fields will ripen again with their cold
en harvests and her gardens will send
the fragrance of their flowers over all
the land. She will rise from her sor
rows and humiliation, from her pov
erty and her ashes, -'because her very
asnes win enrich her.
Col. Forney complains, in a well
written article in the Philadelphia
Press, that public men are, as a class,
ungrateful to the newspapers and the
journalists to whom they, in many in
stances, owe their position. jNobody
is more competent to speak on this
subject than Col. Forney himself. He
has made more statesman out of small
material than any man in America.
He has taken a more active part in the
personnel of American politics jn the
last twenty years than almost any other
man. Much of his work ha&been that
ot a politician rather than that of a
journalist, but in either capacity he
has always been a ble to serve his friends
well, and he has always served them
faithfully. His reward has been verv
small. If he had let p jlitics alone
and devoted himself exclusively to
journalism, he might have made a
greater name than ureelcy s and a
freater fortune than Bennct's. But
e was always very fond of helping
some friend to an office, and always
had a taste for political intrigue with a
Eurpose of this kind, nis experience
as, no doubt, been that of a hundred
others who have operated in the same
way on a smaller scale. Make a Gov
ernor out of an Alderman to-day, and
tq-morrow he'll tell you that he owes
his elevation to his own superior mer
its. Forney made a President of the
United States out of James Buchanan
but before the old public functionary
had taken his seat he repudiated his
patentee and manufacturer in the most
ungrateful manner. Congressmen are
made by country newspapere yet when
they go to Washington it wouldn't be
safe to tell them so. Garfield, as an
M. C, was invented by a seven-by-
nine sheet, the editor ot which had
probably never seen a five dollar bill
in his life, and Garfield would certain
ly be indignant now if asked to give
five dollars of his back pay to that man.
Trumbull was first heard of, we be
lieve, through a little paper in Alton ;
and he was last heard of drawing his
15,000 grab. Ben. Butler says he was
not made by the newspapers ; but then
it must ever remain one of the myster
ies of nature where Ben. Butler came
from; and what object was in view in
producing him. If the grievance of
which Lot. r orney complains is a sore
one, it is the fault of those who are ag
grieved. There is too much puffery of
small men in the newspapernowadavs
too much disposition to exalt gentle
dullness and amiable imbecility into
intelectual greatness and real ability.
Every chuckle-head in Congress gets
more praise from the press of his party
now than could truthfully have been
bestowed upon Daniel Webster in his
palmiest day. Si. Louis Democrat.
Treatment of Meningitis.
Petersburg (Via,,) Appeal.
Byspecial request we publish and call
the attention of the medical fraternity
to the following :
The following card, addressed to the
medical prossession, is published in
the Atlanta papers by Dr. J. J. Knott
who. in answer to numerous inquiries,
a synoptical statement of his treatment
of this terrible disease, tnereoy ena
bling the profession to employ his
treatment during the present epidemic
in this and adjoining States. Dr.
Knott states that this treatment should
not be employed by any one but a skill
ful physician, as to such this commu
nication is addressed. Persons read
ing it are requested to show it to their
TO THE MEDICAL PEOFESSIOJf.
The following treatment which has
been employed by me since the winter
of 18ti2-b3, with uniform success in
case3 where the treatment has been
instituted within twenty-four hours
after the development of the promi
uent symptoms : In the first place dis
card all ideas of this being an inflaiu
atory affection of the brain and spinal
chord ; saturate a flannel folded sev
eral times with spirits of turpentine.
Apply this along the whole course of
the spine-pass, over this after the or
dinary mode of ironing c common
smoothing iron, well heated. Contin
ue this for ten or fifteen minutes until
you have well stimulated the spine.
In the mean time give quinine in he
roic doses, to be repeated every two or
three hours until all symptoms are
overcome. Follow each dose of bro-.i
mide of potassium combined in solution
with an ordinary dose of solid extract
Hyoscyauius. The use of the brom
ide is to tontrol rcflexation and tne
doses should be regulated according
to the head and spinal -syintonw as
this is dependent on the clectra-monic
changes in the periphery of the nerves;
from this the action or modus oper
andi of the quinine or bromide will be
readily understood by the intelligent
physician. Under no circumstances
a fly blister or opiates in the outset of
this disease: avoid all cold applica
tions to head and spine.
When constipation exists, which is
generally the case, use largo doses of
calomel every three hours, until the
bowels ac t freely. Physicians can rely
on this treatment when instituted in
J. J. K.voTT, M. D.
Speaking by the eard correspond
ing under the new postal law.
Cirenlarfrom the American Public
The American Public Health Asso
ciation, by its Executive Committee,
submits the following memorandum
respecting the most available means for
arrestingand preventing the fatal prev
alence of Asiatic Or malignant chole
ra in this country:
The prevalence of this disease at
several places in the Mississippi V alley
in undisputed. Its progress troni Xew
Orleans to Memphis and Nashville has
been rapid, and is significant of its on
ward tendency. That it is being pro
pagated, as in former visitations, by
the excremental discharges ot persons
ahected by the choleratic poison, aided
by local causes, is as true now as in
the former visitations.
rw9 i .
o comuat and arrest the progress.
and prevent the epidemic prevalence
of this scourge of sanitary negligence.
it is necessary that the inhabitants of
every city and town should promptly
rescrt id me most eaectuai purinca-
tion, and the best known means of dis
infection, and that sanitary cleansing
and preparation should, as far as pos
sible, be undertaken before any cases
of cholera occur: and that in the
presence of the disease, the sanitary du-
tesshould be enforced in every house
hold, and throughout the entire dis
trict. Eperienc-e has proved that the
best way to prevent both pestilence
and panic is to know and prepare for
the danger. It is the only wav to deal
successfully with cholera.
The local conditions that chiefly pro
mote the outbreaks and propagation of
cholera, are : .
1. Neglected privies.
2. Filth-sodden grounds.
3. Foul cellars and filthy and badly
drained surroundings of dwellings. . ;
4. Foul and obstructed house drains.
5. Decaying and putrescent materi
als, whether animal or vegetable:
6. Unventilated, damp and uncleans
ed dwellings and apartments.
These localizing causes of cholera
should be promptly and very thorough
ly removed before a case of the dis
ease appears in the town or district ;
aud if any sources of putrescence or of
excessive moisture remain, even these
should be controlled by the proper
cleansing and disinfection. .
Thorough scavenging and surface
drainage, with the application at the
same time of quick-lime and coal-tar
or crude carbolic acid ; whitewashing
with fresh quick-lime; thu cleansing
and thorough drying and ventilation of
cellars, basements, chambers and clos
ets, and daily care to cleanse, flush,
ventilate and purify the sources of de
filement about all inhabited premises,
will afford almost complete protection
it suitable care is taken of
The security of personal health re
quires pure drinking water, fresh and
substantial food, temperance, and the
needed rest and bathing of the body
DISINFECTION ASD DISINFECTANTS.
The principles relating to disinfec
tion as a means of destroying the pro
pagating or infectious cause of cholera
the "cholera contagium" are readi
ly understood, and may be so explain
ed to any family that the household
may insure its own immunity against
the introduction and spread of the dis-
ase. r or popular use we append a brief
statcmenjf these principles at the end
of this circular ; and we respectfully
recommended that te statement and
the following schedule of rules and
methods be given to the press, and all
principals of schools, superintendents
of places of public resort, railroad de
pots, ferries, hotels and steamboats,
and the conductors of passenger trains
throughout this continent: believing.
as we do, that by the timely application
of these measures the prevalance of
cbolera may be prevented.
RULES AND METHODS OFDISINFECTION.
For privies, water-closets, drains and
sewers Eight or ten pounds of sul
phate of iron (copperas) dissolved in
five or six gallons of water, and half a
pint of crude carbolic acid added to
t i.. ii-ii i
tne solution ana ana orisaiy stirreu,
makes the cheapest and best disinfect
ing fluid for common use. It can be
procured in every town and by any
family, and if the carbolic acid is not
at hand, the solution of copperas may
be used without it
To prevent privies and water-closets
from becoming infected or offensive
Pour a pint of this strong solution into
every water-closet or privy-seat once
or twice a day.
To disinfect masses of filth, pnvy-
valts, sewers aud drains-ygradually
pour in this solution until it reaches
and disinfects all the foul material.
For the chamber-vessels used by the
sick, and for the disinfection of ground
upon which. any excremental matter
has been cast away, for disinfecting ex
tensive masses or surfaces of putres
cent materials, and for drains, sewers
and ditches, the " dead oil " of coal
tar, or coal-tar itself is available ; coal-
tar may be used as a disnifecting paint
upon the walls of cellars, stables and
Quicklime is useful as an absorbent
and dryer upon such walls and in damp j
places, and whitewashing with itshould
be practiced in common tenements,
factories, basements, closets and gar
rets. To disinfect the clothing defiled in
any manner by excremental matters
from thesick, throw all such articles
immediately into boiling water and
continue the boiling for half an hour;
or place them in a solution, covered,
made as follows : One pound of sul
phate of riuc, six or eight gallons of
water, to which add two or three ounces
of pure strong carbolic actd.
Keep the soiled articles saturated
nntil they can be boiled. If the acid
is not handy use the zinc water alone.
Apartments, bedding upholstery that
have been used by thesick with chole
ra or diarrhea, should be fumigated by
the burning of several pounds ot brim
stone (sulphur) upon a defended iron
pan, witn tne piace iiguny viorcu nr
several hours, under a physician's di
rections. PRINCIPLES AND CUTIES TO BE TACUIIT
1. That thorough cleanliness'domes-
tic and civic, and an abundant supply
of pure water are essential Keans of
preventing cholera in any nt'usenom
when the disease is near.
2. That general cleansing, licaveng
ing and disinfection should be attended
to in every city and town before cholera
makes its appearance ; and mat wnere
ever it does appear, that house and the
cxioscd premises should be kept con
stantly disinfected. .
3 Th.st in the words of the thiet
Medical Officer of Great Britain. It
appears to be characteristic of cholera,
not only of the disease in its developed
and alarming form, but equally of the
slightest diarrhea which the epidemic
can produce ; that all matters which
the jiatient discharges from his stom
ach and bowels are infective ; that the
patient's power of infecting from other
person is represented almost or quite
exclusively by those discharges ; that
they are comparatively noninfective at
the moment they are discharged, but
afterwards, when undergoing decom
jiosition, acquire their maximum infec
tive power; and if they b cast away
without previous disinfection, they im
part their own infective quality to the
excrcnicntnl matters with which they
mingle in filth-sodden earth, or in de
positories and conduita of filth, and
the effluvia which those excremental
matters evolve ; that if the infective
material, by leakage or soakage from
drains ot cesspools, or otherwise gets
access, even in the smallest quantity,
or through porous soil, to wells or other
sources of Unukin3 water, it can in-
feet, in the most dangerous manner,
verv large volumes of the water: that
the infective influence of the choleraic
discharges attaches to whatever bed
ding, clothing and like things have
been imbued with them, and renders
these things, if not disinfected, capa
ble of spreading the disease.' -
4. Cleansing and purify, skillful dis
infection, temperate habits and whole
some diet with pure water and fresh
air are the trusted and sure means of
health and security in all places and
for all classes of people when exposed
to the causes of cholera. The watch
word against this destructive enemy
should be, remove the local causes '
that favor the propagation of cholera.
and wherever it appears, let its germs
be quickly stamped out by powerful
disinfectants and instant cleansing.
1 rom beins the most feared and de
structive pestilence, eholera now may
be controlled and distinguished more
quickly and completely than any other
epidemic disease. Believing, there
fore that the jxiople of the United
States require the suggestions which
are given in this memorandum, mis
committee presents them for the pur
pose of hastening and making sure
the most extensive, thorough and
speedy control of the destroyer.
Cominy War With Xrxico.
For some months it has been very
apparent that the east intended to ap
pease the west by inaugurating war
with Mexico. Popular attention must
be averted from the wretehed admin
istration of public affairs; starving
westerm farmers must have a market
for bread-stuffs : spculators, who grew
rich in the war between the States, are
impatient for the renewal of war.
The spirit of popular acquisitiveness
must be appeased, and Grant is advis
ed by his managers that nothing will
so strengthen his administration or so
thoroughly consolidate his party , as
the prosecution of a war of eonqust
against Mexico. The seizure of this
country, that the negroes of the south
may find a paradise in which men
may live without toil, and where ne
gro genius for statesmanship may have
unrestricted development has often
been suggested. A Negro chosen
member of congress from Mississippi,
by a bill presented in congress, has de
fined this scheme of beneficence for the
colored people. It is thought that
Grant approves this purpose of hostil
ities, and when the war with Mexico
begins, armies employed, it is thought,
will be constituted mainly of colored
soldiers. Very certainly, white peo
ple have had enough of the dirty bus
iness. Unless all te officers and most
of them quartermasters, surgeons and
commissioners, there will be few en
listments in these parts for the coming
Mexican war. Memphis Appeal.
A Chance for Somebody.
The Mammoth Cave is a good open
ing for some speculator. The Balti
more Gazette tays there is no fear of
running the business into the ground,
as the more this is done the more pros
perous it will be. The Mammoth Cave
is for sale ; price five hundred thous
and dollars. That pretty little sum is
all the heirs ask tor their immense
hole in the ground. The great objec
tion at present to the cave is the rough
ness of the approach. The arrange
ments for reaching the cave, which is
nine miles from Cave City, a mall
town on the Louisville and Nashville
Railroad, are rather worse now than
they have been for a number of years,
principally on account of the miserable
condition of the road between the
station and the cave. It is a little sin
gular that better means of approach
have not been provided. If a branch
railroad were built, with trains to run
in connection with the Louisville and
Nashville trains, thousands of persons
who are compelled to pass the cave for
want of time and for fear of the ter
rible coaches which are nothing more
than army ambulances on one line, and
old fashioned stage coaches on anoth
er would be enabled to see the won
derful cave with very little loss of
time and comparative little additional
expense. But lack of enterprise has
generally characterized the manage
ment of the cave.
The following granges in Tennessee
have been organized and reported
within the last few d;rys: Antioch
grange, Gibson county, Tennessee J.
W. C. Davidson, master ; R. A. Wade,
secretary. YorkTille grange, Gibson
county, Tennessee W. II. Baldridge,
master; W. E. MeNiel, secretary.
Newbern grange. Dyer county Gen.
T. II. Bcil, master; L. M. Williams,
secretary; Ro-Ellen grange. Dyer co.
Tennessee W. J. Mahen, master : L.
B. Swift secretary. Mason Hall
f range, Obion county, Tennessee A.
I. Harget master ; B. P. Green sec
retary. Indian Creek grange, Wayne
county, Tennessee C. M. Thompson,
master ; E. B. Martin, secretary.
Walnut Bend grange, Phillips county,
Arkansas E.ll. B. Dupuy, master;
J. S. Dunn, secretary.
The Knoxville Chronicle, one of the
ablest Republican papers in the South,
says in its last issue, that it hopes to
see Landon C. Haynes and Ex-Pres-dent
J ohnson offering for Gubernato
rial honors in the next race. He says
he wants to see the "fur fly." This is
"too thin". The fur did fly in the last
canvass, by just such a contest, and
Horace Maynard sUpped in. We want
no more of the fur flying business ia
ours, except to see the fur lifted from
the Radical cat. If our contemporary
is laying this flattering unction to his
soul he had, as well dry up. for we are
just going one at a time in the future.
rrankun JCeww ami journal.
The Rev. Mr. Ancient has a rival
in pastoral devotion in Tennesfee
a clergyman who, in the first place,
refuses to receive any pay from his
congregation. To support himself he
-teaches school and cultivates his own
farm. When his church needs help
he starts upon a lecturing tour, and
thus raises the needed money. This
is highly honorable to the clergyman,
but bow about the congregation?
May there not bo such a thing as sel
fishly leaving a pastor to bear more
than his share of the burden ?
This is what the Albany Journal
says of Mrs. Victoria Woodhull, who
recently lectured in that city : A little
while sgo an inebriated prostitute
took exceptions to a police item we
published. Her lecture was a filthy
specimen of classic billingsgate ; but
neither as filthy, vulgar nor obscene
as the Woodhull lecture last evening."
A oentleman at Andersonville
practices medicine, sells coffins and
preaches the gospel. He is trying to
procure the position of sexton, when
he will put up a sign that will read :
"Persons killed, provided with wooden
overcoats, preached over and planted
with neatness and dispatch by the un
dersigned. Patronize home industry."
Marriage is altogether too mo
mentous a matter to be decided upon
precipitately. Better never marry
than to marry a person with whom it
is not morally certain that you can
A TEN year old, boasting to a school
mate, of nis father s accomplishments,
put it thus :
"Mj father can do almost anything.
He's a notary public, and he's a poth
ecary, and can pull teeth, and he's a
horse doc-tor, and he can mend wag
ons and things, and can play the fid
dle, and he's a jackass at all trades.
The man who sat down on an open
paper of carpets nails said they re
minded him of income tax.