Search America's historic newspapers pages from - or use the U.S. Newspaper Directory to find information about American newspapers published between 1690-present. Chronicling America is sponsored jointly by the National Endowment for the Humanities external link and the Library of Congress. Learn more
title: 'Clarksville weekly chronicle. (Clarksville, Tenn.) 1873-1890, August 02, 1873, Image 1',
meta: 'News about Chronicling America - RSS Feed',
Image provided by: University of Tennessee
All ways to connect
Inspector General |
External Link Disclaimer |
,'V i H
f t i i J
VOL. 43.--NO 38.
CLARKSVIEEE: TENN., SATURDAY, AUGUST 2, 1873.
WHOLE m: 2,273.
WEEK S N.
BYEES keeps a complete
tockof Drugs, Patent Mt4
icines, Paints, Notions, Blank
Books and Stationery, and is
prepared to sell low at retail
w. H. TURK LEY. - . W. J. ELY
V. D..MEEJ WETHER, Jr.
TURNLEY, ELY & CO.
General Commission Mercnants,
riJIRKSVILLE. - - TENN.
f idTtneet made on Tebaeco li Store.
5 -nr. . . A !.. aonrlecaof OoLW.
F Young, the. well-known auctloner,
who will Hell all of oar Tobacco for U".
We have erected a hed in New Provi
dence, opposite the store of Messrs. McDn
iel 4 Barbee, where we will receive tobacoo
and druy it to our warehouse free of charge
for those persons wnu u ""V .n. V
it to Clarksville. Messrs. McPanlel Bar
bee will receive, weif?h and receipt for To.
baceo delivered at our abed inlstlW Provi
dence. Oct 1 "71 -tf.
W. A. UCARtKS.
6. St. eCAKIXS.
Quarles, Daniel & Quailes,
, .-Attorneys at Law,
CLARKSVILLE, - - - TENN.
Will practice in the worn 01
rv and adjoining counties.
AprU 27, lK72-tf
MOXD B. LCKTO.
CHAS. W. TYLXB.
LURTON & TXLER,
ATTORNEY AT LAW,
V CLABKSYILLE, TENN.
Will practice la the courts of Montgom
ery and adjoining counties
JAMES W. RICE,
ATTORNEY AT LAW,
J aARKSYILLE, TENN.
Will attend the conns of Montgomery,
HU-wart and Houston counties.
Offloe on Htrawberry Alley.
Jan. 4, 187S-ly
BARKER & COURTS,
Q U O R D E A UE R S ,
Franklin 8L, Sign of Sugar HogBhead.
j an 13. Ti-tt.
KICII'B AKDKHflOJC. . 8. BB.ISGH0JWT.
ANDERSON & BBINGHURST,
" DEALERS IN
COAL, HAY, CHAIN, BEAN, ETC.,
T. D. SCOTT,
This house is complete In all 1U appolnt-
Senfcs And the tuble ..applied with the best
leiuarke affords, at reasonable rates.
Is Always on
JOHN MANNING has discovered that
the clt laens of Clarisvl lie and surrounding
country needed a specific In tlie rarest
KRiiie of the seaHon.ixjrved upln European
Sftyle on ten minutes notice, and as the
run vaM for the Presidency has nw fairly
opened, he keeps constantly on hand the
rhotceHt Wines, Liquors, pure imported
Havanna t'igars aud Cincinnati Lager
Meer. to nerve all eaudidateson to victory.
Restaurant and Saloon open night and
day, where the most fastidious may be
more than pleased.
Feb. 8, 1K73-6IU
ltotlii Old Htl 0011)1
Having purchased the popular
Saloon, Restaurant and Bil
Formerlv owned byG. A, Roth, has had
the establishment newly painted and re
fitted, aud is now open to the public,
where all are invited to enjoy the best of
Wines, Liquors. Cigars,
and other refreshments. Everything kept
ueat and orderly.
Aug 10. 72-tf
llldps, Furs, Wool, Ginseng:, and all
kinds or Metal,
PMic Square, CLARKSVILLE.
I am no candidate for office, hut will pay
rash for all articles lu uiy line. Come
along with tliom.
Kept. 2S, 1S72-U
The finest selection of im
port ed Colognes, Handker
chief Extracts, Hair Oils,
Toilet Soaps, Combs and
Brushes of all kinds for sale
by OWEX & MOORE.
To our Friends. Having gone to
gret expense to give our readers a lar
ger and better paper, we would ur
gently request all indebted to us, by
note or aecormt, to come up, without
delay, and make payment. We need
the money, and hope this modest ap
peal will not pass unheeded.
NiBLtTT li Grant.
Fine Cigars, also choice
Virginia Smoking and Chew
ing Tobacco for sale by
OWEX & MOORE.
BIKES keepi the keit Pomesckc
and Havana Cigars, Chewing and
UOOMS FOR SENT.
A small family can be accommodated
with tmo large rooms and hall between,
centrally located, by applyingatthisofllc.
March 22, "7S-U.
J. J. CRUSMAH
Is now making large addi
tions to Ma stock, and offers
inducements to the Trade,
EXTRA GOLDEN SYRUP,
In kegs, half barrels and barrels.
lEi nvm iioum
Crushed, Powdered and Granulated
New Orleans, narlfledaua Brown
NEW CAROLINA RICE.
Burnett's Flavoring Extracts.
PURE CREAM TARTAR.
PIKE BI-CABB. SODA.
PureSplocR, of nlllcintla
norsford's Bread Preparation,
PURE CATAWBA WINE
Pure Cider Yinegar.
Oia HourMaMh WliLslfy.
Old Peach and Apple Brandy.
Old French Brandy.
300 Rus. Oiover Seed-
Orchard and Herds Grass Seeds.
BLTJK GRASS SEED,
With allothergoods to make a complete
J. J. CRU8MAN,
First and Franklin Streets.
ttr- .J lit
Are daily adding new sup
plies to their large and
well assorted stock of
Staple and Fancy
which they sell as low as they
can be bought anywhere
in the South or West.
They invito es
to their . very
large Stock of the
Best Brands of.
ty Whlnliy, Old
Brandy and Pure
IN THIS MARKET, FOR
particularly suited to those
who want a pure article
for medicinal or oth
Orders promptly attended to
and satisfaction guaranteed.
Walter UcCcmb & Co.
BY BUYING YOUB
Gent's Ihirnisliiiiff Goods
Y. L. WIIJJAHS.
now being offered to make room ftr onr
rati slock. Please eaiiana price onrgooas.
:.. very ttespecuuiiy.
. V. L. WILLIAMS,
....... 23 Franklin 8U
July 12, 1873-tt : ,
W. M. POLLOCK.
POLLOCK & JOHNSON,
REAL ESTATE AGENTS,
(Office Up Stairs)
CORNER rRAXKXIH AKD FIRST SI8.,
Fire and Marine Insurance. The best
and cheapest Life Insurance In tbe United
OLD AND RELIABLE
New. York Life Ins. Cov
no new-fangled, untried, or experimental
company, but one time tried and tested
and ever found worthjr. Undoubted In
demnity at tbe
0 WEST KNOW RATES COXSISTEKT
Be not deceived and misled. Thebestlstbe
cheapest. If yon wish to insure your life,
cnoose a company 01 age, experience ana
ability, and you will select tbe "Old Relia
ble" New York Life.
Will give our attention to the bnvlne.
selling and renting of real estate,
jaarcn 10. j-ii.
J. J. HAM LETT.
H. P. DORRIS.
HAULETT & DORRIS,
Stores, Tinware, Castings,
Grates, and House Fur-
Erery descriptioo of Tinware
made up in good style.
SOOTHS aid CimEIXG promptly
H. P. DORRIS will superintend tbe
SETTLE & SON, Ag'ts,
And Dealers in
Country Produce Generally
1 nUKTUS HA LI. BUILDING,
We keep every variety of
which we offer at the lowest market rates.
Country Produce of all kinds. Poultrv.
F-ggs, Butter, etc., for which we will ex
change Groceries or pay cash.
We are delivering St. Bernard Coal, with
in the limits of the cltv. for 18 cents oer
bushel. Pittsburg Coal, for 3D cents per
bushel. Terms caKh.
F. P. GRACEY A BRO.
( (BEAM WW SODA WATER
We have opened our Ice Cream Saloon
for the season, and are prepared to furnish
any quantity that maybe desired.
We have on haud a large and varied as
and everything in our line that can be
desired. Call and examine onr stock.
LIGOII & ELY'S BAKERY
is in full operation. Fresh Yeast, Bread,
and every variety of Cakes, fresh from tbe
oven every day. All orders promptly filled.
XiIGORT & ZSX.7,
No. 33 Franklin Street,
; . V.' A GRA5D OLD POEM.
Who shall Judge a man from manners t
Who shall know him by his dress T
Panpers may be fit for princes
Princes tit for nothing less.
Crumpled sblrt and dirty jacket
May beelothe the golden ore '
Of the deepest thought and feeling ;
Satin vests could do no more.
There are springs of crystal nectar '
Ever welling out of stone; . : ;
There are purple buds, and golden, - ' ,
Hidden, crushed, and overgrown. ' 1
God, who counts by souls, not dresses,
Loves and prospers yon and me, ,
While he values thrones, the highest,
But as pebbles in the sea.
Man npraised above his fellows,
Olt forgets his fellows then: -
Masters, rulers, lords, remember i .
That your meanest hinds are men '
Men by labor, men by feellDK, -Men
by thought, and men by fame;
Claiming rlgbts to sunshine .
' .In man's ennobling name.
There are foam'embroldered oceans, : '
There are little weed clad rills ;
There are feeble inch-high saplings. '
There are cedars on the hills. -
Ood, who counts by souls, not stations,
- Loves and prospers you and me.
For to him all vain distinctions
Are as pebbles in the sea. . -.
Tolling hands alone are builders
Of a nation's wealth or fame:
Titled laziness Is pensioned, .
Fed and fattened ou the same :
By the sweat of other's foreheads, '
Living only to rejoice.
While the poor mau'soutraged freedom
Vainly lifted un his voice
Troth and Justice are eternal ' t
Born with loveliness and light ; '
Secret wrongs shali never prosper '' ,
While there is a sunny right. ':
God whose world head-voice is singing
Boundless love to you and me.
Sinks oppression with its titles,
as mv peouies oi toe sea.
DUEIXXG U SEW OBLEASS.
How a Young Kentnckian went to bis
Death Twenty-fire Tears Ago.
From the New York Times.
More than a Quarter of a century
ago New Orleans was the central point
ot a duel, tne particulars or which are
vividly recalled by the leading events
of the recently performed tragedy.
At the date alluded to, a young man,
hailing from tne btate ot Kentucky,
made his appearance in the city, who
attracted attention trom his remark
ble personal beauty, great intelligence
and winning . manners. He was tail,
fair comDlexioned, with a bright, smil-
insr face, set off with a profusion of
eoldenhair. I he era was one of hos
pitality, especially for the 6ons of the
dark and Dloody ground," and young
Bart in furtherance ot his pursuit
the study of law though without the
Dossession ot liberal means, soon lound
an anchorage in the office of one of
the best lawyers, who instructed him
in the mysteries of his chosen profes
sion, with such success that, between
the careful teachings of the master
and the natural ability of the pupil,
ere a year elapsed the young adven
turer lound himself, not only a lawyer,
but in possession of a paying practice.
His course was a continued success.
Every one hailed his good fortune.
He seemed to be exempt from creating
the hostility of envy. Flattered by
society, he was the central point of the
fashionable party. Acknowledged as
a rising star in his profession, he was
a favorite with the elder members of
the Bar and Bench. High-spirited,
ambitious, and desiring to excel in all
bonoraDie amotions, ne unitea niin
self with one of the two great politi
cal organizations of the day, and was
soon the acknowledged leader of the
young men of his adopted home;
the head and front of the very best
blood and talent from all parts of the
United States, that superior enterprise
and prospects of success had at the
time attracted to the crescent Uity.
But young Burt, in all this triumph,
had a source of constant uneasiness
and apprehension, He was eminently
a self-made man. Jelt an orphan in
thetenderest years, he was indebted
to the sacrifices of a devoted mother
and two accomplished sisters for the
means that carried him through his
studies, and placed him on his feet;
and this sacred history nettled him ;
he had no proud title of family prece
dence : no. social distinction of reflect
ed lights ; no patent, he feared, of ao-H
knowledged station, and overestimating
the value of what he did not possess,
he evidently conceived the idea that in
high spirited society ot the great
Southern metropolis, he must be the
herd' of a duel to make unquestioned
the place his personal and intellectual
merits were rapidly assigning him. : In
short, the fiend a of the duello was
weaving a net about his feet; the
"brilliant reputation" of the great (!)
duelist triumphs appear loosely held
in his grasp- the temptation of a fiend
possessed him. . .
Ut all the magmncent gatnerings
that distinguished the St Charles
Hotel that winter we allude to, none
reached the splendor - achieved the
night when young Burt led into the
center of the ball-room the acknowl-
dged belle of the evening. The ladies
looked with unconcealed envy upon
the lovely representative of their sex ;
the gentlemen felt without a show of
jealousy that they were once fitly rep
resented. J. he jam was overwhelm
ing, the sets were always instantly
made p, and it appeared that Burt
and bis lovely partner, for want of
indecent haste, would find no place
when an opening presented itself, and
without apparently noticing that a lady
for the moment unaccompanied by a
gentleman, was intruded upon, the re-
plendent couple, asDy ngmoi royai
recedence. took possession and waited
for the music to begin.
A moment more and a most quiet.
unpretentious r,Dglishnian, but little
known in New Orleans, and that little
imply as a business man, politely sig
nified to young Burt, that he had in
truded, and pointed to his lady partner
as an evidence of his assertion. The
fiend triumphed ; his noble represen
tative of natural courtesy forgot him
self, and taking from his right hand
.via0 If 111
his unsoiled glove, negraeeiuny aasnea
it across the face ot the astonished
stranger ; then handing him his card,
he turned to receive the proud glances
of approval shot from the eyes of his
The deeply wronged man, to the sur
prise of all who noticed the transac-
, , . i . ! 1 1. 1
tion. aispiayea no excitement ; wimuui
lookins? around to see the effect of
what had occurred, without even look
ing at the superscription, he put the
card, as it were very valuable, carefully
in his pocket-book, and offering his
arm to the lady in his charge, quietly
moved away, and was in a moment
more lost in the crowd. The profes
sed duelists at the ball and there was
many who noticed the affront and the
manner of its reception shrugged
their shoulders and passed telegraph
signals; something had evidently oc
curred which met their approval.
Meanwhile the music struck up, and
Burt and his beautiful partner were
more than heretofore the center of
admiration Burt prouder than ever
that he had so gallantly achieved a
place on the floor, and the lady more
radiant because her escort had possi
bly imperiled his life that she might
not be disappointed in a polka.
The expected challenge came the
day following the insult, and the meet
ing was secretly arranged for tbe af
ternoon of the following day. The
morning preceeding. Burt surpassed
himself in a splendid argument before
one of the district courts. At its con
clusion, his admirers, all unconscious
of the pending meeting, congratulated
him on his success. .
An hour later, with a few friends,
he was on his way to the "Meterie
Ridge.". There they discovered the
Englishman and his friends already on
Tne story is now quickly ended.
The Cooley and Khett duel repeated
most strangely the ceremony the
iMnonn. the distance, and the orders
were exactly followed. On the first
fire both parties escaped. As Burt
and his antagonist were absolutely
strangers to each other, one of the
seconds suggested that there might be
explanations. . i he n, DgliBhman, in re
ply, without showing . any feeling, re
marked that he was not desirous of
continuing the duel. " An instant more
and the meeting would have amicably
ended, when one of the advising friends
of young Burt, and his friend par ex
cellence, and the friend of his mother
and ' sisters (!) demanded another
shot!" ;r i . ; :. .
The EnvliRliman'a farie anfrnral milh
flood and then turned deadly pale
then his eye flashed with unwonted
indignation. Taking his weapon with
rude grasp, at the word "fire he shot
Burt instantly dead satisfying those
wno witnessed tne terrible perform
ance that he had at the first fire ohiv
alrously spared the young man from
the fatal consequences of a diseased
and wretched public opinion that had
anven mm into a dueL,
From the stricken home of the hum
ble -widow and faithful sisters there
came no wail that ever reached the
busy world. ' Death soon relieved the
heart-broken parent of a life that in
sanity had mercifully rescued from
agony too much to be borne. The rest
is involved in the unwritten history of
those homes desolated by the duel.
AMONG THE BTJIXS OF BABYLOX
Mr. Geo. H. Smith, the eminent En
glish archaeologist, who is now on an
expedition in the valley of the Eu
phrates, sent out by the proprietors of
the London Telegraph, writes that he
has had capital success, and has recov
ered many valuable tablets. His last
letter relates to the supposed Bite of
Nineveh, now Kouyunjik and Nebbi
Yunas, connected by a long and irreg
ular line of mounds enclosing a space
large enough for a great city. He re
marks that if these represent the wall
the Bible and other accounts of its ex
tent would not be borne out
"Trisaiv 9aVs ti avavo vnlno rvnvwi?
this wall, and I think that the ridges
may only represent the wall of an inner
portion of N ineveh, the city itself ex
tending much beyond this snace. The
question of the extent of the city of
JMneveh can only be settled bv exca
vation mthe mounds beyond the walls,
especially the mound Yaremjah. The
disappearance of the city's outer wall
is easily accounted for. as the Deonle
are even now using the materials from
the mound for buildings, and the pres
ent wall itself has completely disap
peared in many places.
He sketches the history of the place
so far as it can be made out .from the
"The city of Nineveh, together with
two or three neighboring places, was
founded by Nimrod, King of Babylo
nia, at some early but unknown period.
It was probably at first only a fort, to
keep the Babylonian conquests in this
direction ; but a temple was founded,
even then, to the goddess Istar, on the
mound of Kouyunjik, Probably in
the nineteenth century B. c. the region
round Nineveh was under the domin
ion of the rulers of the city of Assur,
a place some sixty miles south of Nin
eveh; and Samsi-vul, one of these
?rinces, rebuilt the temple of Istar.
'his temnle again falling into decav.
was repaired by Assur-ubalid, King of
Assyria, louraen nundred years b. c,
and again it was rebuilt about a centu
ry later by King bhalmanesar, one of
whose brick inscriptions I have found
unng the Daily telegraph excava
tions. Throughout these centuries
Nineveh was gradually growing in
power and wealth, and about 1150 b. c.
it became one of the capitals of the
country, tbe temple of Istar was res
tored again with great splendor, and
palace built at Kouvuniik bv Assnr-
risilim, King of Assyria. The city was
now adorned; with noble buildings and
monuments, down to the time of Samsi-vul
III, King of Assyria about 1080
B. B. After this its history is a blank
until the time of Assur-nazir-nal.
King of Assyria B. c.885. He rebuilt
the city of Calah (now Nimrud), and
made considerable additions to the
;mple at Nineveh ; he also had a pal
ace here. A portion of one of his in
scribed slabs has been found during
this expedition. Shalmanesar II, son
of Assur-nazir-pal, continued the
building of the temple at Nineveh, but
Eaid most attention to the city of Ca
th, where he chiefly resided. The old
capitals Assur and Nineveh appear to
have grown discontented with his con-
uct. and towards the close of his
reign they led a revolt and placed the
crown on the head of Assur-daan-pal,
tne oldest son ot tne Jving. in all
twenty seven of the principal cities de
clared for the revolution, and the King.
giving the command of his army to his
younger son, bamsi-vnl, the country
was now torn by a civil war between
the two brothers, ihe details of tho
truggle are unknown to us. hut Samsi-
vul conquered and obtained the crown.
Assur, the oldest capital, never recov
ered from the effects of the war, but
Nineveh at once revived, and buildings
were erected here by Samsi-vul and
his son, Vul-mrari. The latter
arch raided a temple to Meredach and '
Nebo, the Babylonian deities, and
built a palace on the mound called
Nebbi Yunas. The consort of this
King was the famous Semiramis.
A period of trouble followed, and on
the arrival of the Assyrian power byj
Tiglalh Pileser II, B. c. 745. the capi-1
tal was placed at Calah. Subsequently
Sargon founded a new city on the
mound of Khorsabad, and although
he rebuilt the temple of Merodach
and Nebo, Nineveh was in a great
measure neglected for the new capital.
On the accession of Sennacherib, B. c.
705, that monarch determined to res
tore the city of Nineveh, and make it
his capital. At this time the old palace
was ruined, and the stream of the
Khosr, which ran under the south side
of the palace mound, had undermined
the foundations and rendered the
whole structure untenable. Sennach
erib began by turning the stream of the
Khosr, making it take a bend to the
south ; then clearing away the old
building, he increased the size of the
mound by the land acquired from the
Khosr, and raised a magnificent palace
there. Another royal building he
raised on the neighboring ground of
Nebbi Yunas, and a second palace at
Kouyunjik for his son, besides nuro"'
ous other structures. Nineveh oy
the greater part of its magnificence to
its rebuilding by Sennacherib, who em-
Eloyed thousand of captives taken in
is wars to labor on the structures he
raised. He also built the walls of the
city and towers round it for defence.
At the gates of the city were winged
bulls similar to those at the palace.
The bulls at the palace are the most gi-
antic I have ever seen. On the mur
er of Sennacherib his son Esarhad
don succeeded. He built a palace at
Nebbi Yunas, but did not confine him
self to Fineueh. He erected build
ings at several cities.
His son, Assur-bani-pal, the greatest
Assyrian monarch, rebuilt the wall of
Nineveh and some of the palaces of
Sennacherib. One of them, now called
the North Palace, was adorned during
this reign with the most beautiful
sculptures, showing a wealth and splen
dor in the capital remarkable for the
age. The grand library of Nineveh
was also in a great measure the creation
of Assur-bani-paL The city was now
at the height of its prosperity ; at its
feet lay the then known world, from
Lydia and Egypt on the west to Susi
ana and Media on the east Through
its gates marched the victorious army,
bearing the riches of Egypt and the
spoil of Tirhakahah, King of Ethiopia.
Here Nicho, the fatheT of Psammiti-
ui utiaiii Aiv inttGi luuij'
W as W t
prisoner; and the tribute of Manasseh,
the cruel King ot Judab, was sent here
Tha citv saw those strangers, the en.
voys of Gyges, King of Lydia, so well
known Irom the pages ot Heradotus.
They came the bearers of submission
and tribute to the great King, and
brought in chains with them two
prisoners of the Cimmerians as a pres
ent to Assur-bani-pal. Again, after
tne desperate struvle with the Jilam
ites, Assur-bani-pal entered its gates
in triumph with music and shouting,
his soldiers loaded with spoil, and
bearing aloft thf. ghastly remnants of
the fight inducing the head of Teum-
man, the vanquished Monarch, which
subsequently adorned its principal gate,
jxa new nations were conquered or re
voltii crushed. Bimilar scenes were wit
nessed, and it seemed as if the city was
to enjoy a perpetual time of triumph.
The end. however, was near. The
Babylonians having again revolted,
Nabopolassar, an Assyrian general,
was sent out against them, and reduced
them to submission. . AstheNinevites
witnessed his departure for the seat of
war, probably not one dreamed that
this man would return to destroy their
city, then in the height of its power.
Nabopolassar. however, having con
quered, was rewarded by the crown of
liaoyionia, and when he had solidified
his Dower in that connrrv he sent ba-
cretlv and made alliance with the Kinra
of Media and Emit and these powers
an marched on Assyria. . The JSgypt-
ians tooic uarchemesh, and held the
Euphrates; the Medes advanced to
Nineveh from the east, and joined the
Babylonians cornice from the south.
Nineveh was beseiged, and part of the
wail being carried away by a great m-
nndation ot the Tigris, the enemy
marcned in. 1 he King of Assyria in
despair set fire to his palace and per-
isnea in tne names, and the Medes and
Babylonians completed the rain of the
devoted city. The conquerors revenged
on Nineveh all the blood that had
been shed in their own countries, and
so spoiled ine city that it never rose
again, bince then it has had no his
On the ISth I Paid a second visit to
the Kasr, and also viewed some minor
portion of the ruins of Babylon.
Looking noon those which represent
tne ancient cities ot xaDyion and cor
sippa, I must confess myself unable to
make out the positions of -the various
buildings mentionedby ancient authors,
In modern times learned speculation
has spent its strength in determining
tne sites . out now 1 nave seen the
ruins themselves. I am convinced that
some and perhaps most of these
peculations are wide of the mark.
Nothing can be said on these points
until the ground is properly excavated.
and the excavation of the site of Bab
ylon I consider the most important ar
cnaeoiogicai work in the Euphrates
1 1 a a .
PRESIDENT LINCOLN AND GENE'
How They Kearly Fought a DueL
Strancelv ennnirh tn mtirdsr
Mansfield T. Walworth by his son re
calls the story of Abraham Lincoln's
duel. The mother of Frank Walworth
is the daughter of Col. John J. Har
din, who saved Mr. Lincoln from the
remorse which would have overshad
owed his life if he had killed General
Shields. Col. Hardin was a prominent
Whig politician, and was esteemed
the bravest man in Illinois. Ha was
killed at the battle of Buena Vista,
and in his death fairly earned the dis
tinction which his admiring friends
had given him while living. Jlr. Lin
coln was his intimate friend, and both
men were gifted with a large sense of
humor which they turned to good ac
count. The hostile meeting between Mr.
Lincoln and Gen. Shield was broneht
about in this way : A witty young lady
wrote a communication for one of the
Sprmgfield papers, in which there were
several passages which the General
was pleased to consider as personally
offensive. He forthwith went to the
newspaper office and demanded the
name of the correspondent and this
being refused, he gave the editor three
days in which to make up his mind,
either to refer him to the writer or
take a whipping himself. The poor
man was great lj distressed. He did
not like to be guilty of the nngallant
act of betraying his lady correspond
ent, and he did not care to have a fight
with Gen. Shields. In this predica
ment he went to Mr. Lincoln for his
advice. After thinking the matter
over. Lincoln told the editor to refer
Shields to him when he called. Gen.
Shields was considerably taken aback
when he tound that .Lincoln assumed
the responsibility: and as he knew it
would be imprudent to attempt to
horsewhip as strong a man as Mr. Lin
coln, his only course (without being
the laughing stock of the town) was to
challenge him, which he accordingly
did. Mr. Lincoln, although not an ad
vocate of duelling, did not see how he
could consistently refuse the challenge,
and so accepted it naming broad
swords as the weapons. He had no
scientific knowledge of the use of the
sword, but trusted to the length of his
arm and great muscular strength.
1 he duel was to take place at sunrise
the succeeding day. Mr. Lincoln and
his second were first on the ground se
lected: and finding some bushes in the
way, Mr. L. commenced cutting them
away with a hatchet While so engag
ed, Gen. Shields came np with. Col.
Hardin. The latter was so struck with
the energy with which Mr. Lincoln
was engaged that he could not repress
his mirth. Mr. L. looking up, at once
perceived the ludicrousness of his po
sition, and joined heartily in the laugh.
Explanations ensued, and they return
ed to town together without fighting,
and were ever afterwards firm friends.
The Negro and the Mple. The
following anecdote, finely illustrative
of the characteristics of two denizens
of the South, we find in the Eiditor's
drawer of Harper's Magazine:
"The negro and the mule (writes a
friend in Clinton, La.,) are inseparable
companions in the Southern cotton
fields, and like the Hiawathan string
and bow, useless each without the oth
er. The lazy indifference and careless
cruelty of one, and wonderful powers
of endurance of severe labor, bad
treatment and neglect of the other,
complete the compatibility of the two
races necessary for the production of
4,000 000 of bales. A characteristic
anecdote may be relished by those who
have had experience of the two. The
spectator had taken refuge from the
sun's perpendicular rays under the
shades of a spreading beach, and lay
recumbent enjoying the fitful breezes
and the sombre fVothiness of a country
newspaper. Along the dusty road,
which passed by this retreat, came
jogging a negro, mounted on a mule,
both apparently fast asleep. As the
somnolent pair approached the spot
some wicked sprite of the place give I
the paper a flirt which was no sooner
seen and heard than the mule, as mules
only know how, instantly 'swapped
ends," and, leaving the negro sprawl-!
ing in the dirt, took his departure un
der full sail. The negro, half arising
himself, and wiping the dost from his
eyes and mouth, watched the retreat
ing mule for some time in silence, but
at length, unconscious of an auditor,
gave expression to this philosophic
soliloquy: "Dat's what makes me 'spise
Thk best thing to give your enemy
is forgiveness; to your opponent toler
ance: to a friend, your heart; to your
chile, a good example; to your father,
deference; to your mother, conduct
that fill make bcr proud of you; to
yourself respect; to all 'men, charity.
cnus, rung ot fcgypt, was brought a
B0BEBT3, OF DA5BUBY.
What Happened to a Danburj Dearon'i
From the Danbury News of ooarse.
When von are carrying several ar
tides and one of them slips, it is best
not to try to recover it An r,ssex
Street man named Roberta was help
ing his wife prepare the dinner table
on Sunday, as one of the deacons was
to take dinner with them. Roberts
took a plate of steak in one hand and
the effee-pot in the other, and had
dish of peas on thearmwith the steak.
The wind blew the dinning room door
partly to as he approached it, and put
ting out his foot to push it back, the
arm with the peas moved out of plumb,
and the dish commenced to slide. . A
cold streak flew up Roberts' spine, and
his hair began to raise, and he felt a
sudden sickness at the stomach, but
he dodged ahead to save the peas,
partly caught them, made a wrong
move, lost them again, jabbed at them
with the coffee-pot, upset the steak
dish, and in springing back to avoid
the gravy stepped on the cat that be
longed to the family down stairs, and
came to the floor in a heap, with the
steak and peas and a terrible mad cat
under him, and an overflowing pot ot
scalding coffee on top of him. Then
he bounded up, and stamped on the
steak dish, and picked op the other
dish and threw it out of the window.
and finished that performance in time
to hurl the coffee-pot and the remain
ing contents after the eat which was
making the very best time down the
lront stairway. Ihe deacon didn t
stay to dinner.
Roberts retired to the
a bottle of sweet oil
and a roll of cotton batting, and Mrs
Roberts went over to her mother's to
The First American flay.
Trenton (N. J.) Gazette, says
Miss Sarah Smith Stafford, of this
city, has now in her possession the
first star-spangled banner ever made.
Old, faded and torn, it is still in a good
state of preservationt differing from
those of the day only in having twelve
instead of thirteen stars upon the
blue field, there being but twelve Con
federate States at the time it was put
It was made by the ladies of the old
Swedish Church of Philadelphia, as
sisted by John Brown, Esq., Secretary
ot the United btates Marine Commit
tee. The presentation of the flag was
to John Paul Jones, by Miss Mary
and barah Austin, the latter or whom
afterward became the wife of Com
PaulJ ones hoisted it on the Bon
Homme Richard, and on the 23rd day
of September, 1779, the engagement
took place between her and the Sera-
pis and Countress of Scarborough.
During the fight one of the fiercest
ever known, when the Bon Homme
Richard and Serapis were lashed to
f ether, the flag was cut down by a
iritish officer. James B. Stafford
(the father of Miss Stafford) caught
it up and nailed it to a mast 1 he ot-
fleer made a tremendous sweep with
his sabre, cutting in two the left shoul
der of Stafford felling him to the deck.
I his wound, owing to unskillful treat
ment, reopened many years afterward,
causing Lieutenant Stafford the most
intense suffering during the latter
part of his life. When the Bon Hom
me Richard was sinking, the flag was
seized by one of the sailors, and trans-1
ferred by Paul Jones to the American
ship of war Alliance, where it remain
ed until the close of the war. The
vessel was then sold to Robert Morris,
the financier, and the Alliance was re
fitted as a merchant-man for the East
India trade. The Secretary of the
United States Marine Committee wrote
to Lieutenant James B. Stafford that
the committee with the advice of Com
modore John Barry had decided to
present him with the flag, medicine
chest and a "tower musket belonging
to the Alliance, in" consideration of
his bravery in nailing up the flag when
it had been cut down- by a British of
ficer, during the action between the
Bon Homme, Richard and Serapis.
Lieutenant Stafford kept the relies
by him until his death, some thirty
odd years ago, and they are now in the
possession of his only daughter. Miss
Sarah Stafford. The musket alluded
to, weighs ten and a half pounds, has
the word "Tower" engraved thereon.
and the letters "G. R. Georgius Rex.
But of course, the most valuable
relic is the banner. Miss Stafford has
received many offers for its purchase ;
but she untormiy declines them. all.
But she is growing old now, and says
that she is more disposed to listen to
a proposition for selling than hereto
fore, but no trifling, sum will induce
her to let it pass from her hands.
The Southern Women of Yore.
The one person on a Southern plan
tation whose life was no sinecure, was
the genial, stately and simple-hearted
mistress. Hard working New Eng
land housewives and energetic Middle
States women used to fancy their
Southern sisters languid, elegant and
meihcient: Lying oft in a rocking
chair, with a servant to fan her,"
came about as near the usual descrip
tion of a Southern lady as anything
that occurs to me. No mistake could
be greater. With a numerous house
hold to supervise and control, it was
necessary that the mistress should pos
sess some executive ability to keep
ything going smoothly. There
was the store room and tbe giving
out" of provisions. Living on plan
tations remote from towns, as many
did, and purchasing supplies in large
quantities, the key-basket was a ne
cessity. Who ever saw a Southern
house-keeper without that badge of
authority? It stood by her on" the
breakfast table, or was at hand on the
sideboard. It went with her on her
daily rounds, and its bunch of keys
locked up many a thing besides food.
That had to be apportioned to the
mouths that were to eat it so much
meal aud bacon weekly to the people
who lived in the quarters and worked
in the field ; so much to the houe ser
vants, and so mush daily measuring
for the table of the family. The hot
bread which smokes on the Southern
breakfast-board was measured into the
cook's kneading-bowl the night before.
The coffee was given out not the un
certain variety.half chickory .or two-
thirds rve and molasses, which we
drink who buy it already ground, but
the best Java, bought green, browned
over the fire in a spider, and ground
as it was wanted. The eggs were coun
ted for the batter cakes or the pone,
and to the minutiae of salt and spice,
every condiment was distributed un
der the mistress's eye. This was the
only way under that system of affairs,
for with the easy-going shiftlessness of
Chloe and Dinah, had they been as
honest as a pane of glass, things would
have melted away like snow in a March
sun. All the clothing, for winter, and
summer, for men, women and children,
had to be cut out and made under the
direction of the ladies of the family.
And at any hour of day or night if
anybody was sick, the mistress was the
person to be called upon. The med
icine chest was always well supplied
with potent remedies, especially with
calomel and quinine, which frighten
Northerners, but which seem to have
a blessed affinity for those who live
south of Mason and Dixon's line.
Hearth and Home.
"Unless you give me aid," said a
beggar to a benevolent lady, "I am
afraid I shall have to resort to some
thing which I. greatly dislike to do."
The lady handed him a dollar, and
compassionately -asked, "What is it
poor man, that I have saved you
froiu?" "Work," was the mournful
- ACCESS TO GOD.
"However early in the morning you
seek the great access." says the Rev.
Mr. Hamilton, of the Scotch church in
London, "you find it already opened ;
and however deep the midnight mo
ment when you find yourself' in the
sudden arms of death, the winged air
can bring an instant Savior. And
this wherever you are. It seeds not
that you ascend some special Pisgah
or Moriah. It needs not that you
should enter some awful shrine or
poll off your shoes on some holy
ground. Could a memento be reared
on every soot from which an accepta
ble prayer has passed away, and on
which a prompt answer has comedown,
we should find Jehovah shammah.
'the Lord hath been here,' inscribed
on many a cottage hearth and many
a dungeon floor. We should find it
not only in Jerusalem's proud temple.
and David's cedar galleries, but in the .
fisherman's cottage by the brink of
the Gennesaret and in the upper
chamber where Pentecost began.
And whether it be tn the field where
Isaae went to meditate, or the rocky
knoll where Jacob lay down to sleep,
or the brook where Israel wrestled, or
the den where Daniel gazed on Him.
or the hillsides where the man of sor
row prayed all night, we sfcould still
discern the ladder's feet letdown from
heaven the landing place of mercies
because the starting place of prayer.
And all this, whatsoever you are. It
needs no saint bo proficient in piety,
no adept in eloquent language, bo di
vinity of earthly rank. It needs but a
blind beggar or a loathsome lazar. It
needs bnt a penitent publican or a dy
ing thief. And it needs no sharp or
deal, nor costly passport, no painful
expiation, to bring you to the mercy
seat : or, rather, I should say, it needs
the costliest of all; but the blood of
the atonement the Savior's merit, the
name of Jesus, priceless as they are.
cost the sinner nothing. They are
freely put at his disposal, and instant
ly and constantly he may use them.
This access to God in every place, at
every moment without any personal
merit, is it not a privilege 1
I have seen a lone tree standing on
the prairie : have beheld the storms of
winter buffet against its trunk, and
the gales of autumn bend its lofty
branches to the dust ; but when the
blast had gone, have viewed its tall
form still erect its limbs still expan
ded ; and have said such is the Chris
tian amid the riots and tumults of this
world's unrighteousness. His trust is
in Him who gave the tree its unyield
ing root in whose right .hand there is
deliverance. Let - Christians, then,
learn a lesson from the tree, and, amid
the conflicts of life, remember that
with faith they are like a house built
on rock : that theirwarfare is built for
a limited period, and that the reward
of the good soldier of the cross is an
inheritance of eternal felicity.
Truth is like God's baptism upon
the hills. First, it is like dew drops,
silently descending through a cloud of
mist and vapor to kiss tne petals of
some drooping flower. Then it is a
little pool gathering in some tiny ba
sin in a fraternal embrace of atoms.
Then it is a rilL that goes cutting its
channel way through the green moss
and down the sloping hillside, has-
tening to the meeting of waters below.
Then it is a stream, hurrying over
precipices and down cascade rocks,
turning the great wheel of manufac
ture, grinding and working the spin
dles and shuttles of man. Then it is
the river, slowly rolling onward
through its mighty channel, upon
which great lazy Barges rock, and the
paddles of the steamboat beat And
then then it is the broad sweep of
the Atlantic, noon which is borne.
from land to land, the products of
the industry of an entire world. And
that's the way truth comes. And that's
the way truth acts.
The creation of the sculptor mar
moulder in the dust the wreath ot
the bard may wither the throne of
the conquerer may be shivered by
an opposing power into atoms the
fame of the warrior may be no longer
hymned by the recording minstrel
but virtue, that which hallows the
cottage and sheds a glory around the
palace, shall never decay. It is cel
ebrated by the angels of God it is
written on the pillars of heaven and .
repeated down to earth. The rock
breaker who possesses it is more noble
than the intriguing statesman.
. WHAT IS NOT CH ARITT. .
It is not charity to give a rennv to
the street mendicant of whom noth
ing is known, while we haggle with a
poor man out of employment for a
miserable dime. It is not charity to
beat down a seamstress to starvation
price: to let her sit in her wet clothes
sewing all day; to deduce from her
futiful remuneration if the storm ce
ays her prompt arrival. It is not
charity to take a poor relative into
your family, and make her a slave to
all your whims, and taunt her contin
ually with her dependent situation.
It is not chanty to turn a man who is
ont of work into the streets with his
family, because he cannot pay his rent
It is not charity to exact the utmost
farthing from the widow and orphan.
It is not charity to give with a super
cilious air and patronage, as if God
had made yon, the rich man, of differ
ent blood from the shivering recipient,
whose only crime is that he is poor.
It is not charity to be an extortioner
not though you bestow your alms by
HZXOBT OF THX PXAD.
How sacred the memory of the deadt
We will not cannot forget those
whose affections were early twined
around our hearts in the holy bonds
of friendship. They may hare died
on a foreign shore, far from home and
friends, with no kindred spirit upon
whom they might cast a farewell look,
ere they entered the heavenly world,
but they still live in our hearts.
When we visit our familiar retreats,
and meet not their smiling faces, we
think of them : we think of them, too,
at the calm twiiighthour, and at bright
smiling morn their image is not tor
gotten. The Btranger may lightly pass
over the grassy mound which covers
them 'twill not disturb their repose.
Theirs is a sweet holy sleep theirs
is rest which none shall disturb.
Calm be their sleep and though rec
collections of them may cause the
tear-drop to fail, we will not call them
back from their noble, pure home, to
again mingle with the vanities of earth,
and again meet its trials. We will si
lently look upon tbe turf which cov
ers them we will there plant the ev
ergreen and thornless rose, as a partial
tribute to their memory, and then
leave the spot perhaps forever; but
while life and reason last, we will
think of them cherish their memory
as a choice plant True, indeed, they
have mingled their onee lovely forms
with the dust among the rich and the
poor, the vitruous and vicious, but the
immortal spark within is transported
to a fairer dime even paradise, the
home of angels.
It is a most mortifying reflection for
a man to consider what he has done
compared with what he might have
A TOUTH and a maiden were dan
cing the lancers. In tbe eourso of the
inane conversation which the dance
necessitates, he took to questioning
her as to her accomplishments. "Do
you paint?" he asked. He now won
ders what ou earth she got mad about.