The Big Stone Gap Post.
BIG STONE GAP. WISE COUNTY, VA.. WEDNESDAY. NOVElvlBWls-^
Our Next Pres?
Dr. Woodrow Wilson wnsi
born at Staunton, Va., bri Do
cciiiIht 28, 185C. Ho is tho son
of Dr. .Joseph K. Wilson, u
Presbyterian minister, and the
grandson of Judge .lames Wil
Bon, an irshman of Scotch des?
cent who migrated from Conn
ty Down to Philadelphia in
!~"7. .lames Wilson prospered
and became manager of the
Aurora, a leading Democratic
Journal, Philadelphia then he
ing the national capital.
It was at Steubenvillo, ().,
that Joseph Haggles Wilson,
the father of Woodrow Wilson,
was born on February 28, 1822.
Hi- was the scholar of .lames
Wilson's family. Jefferson col
logo graduated him as valedic?
torian in 1844, after which he
taught school ami prepared for
the Presbyterian ministry at
ihn Western Theological Semi?
nary and Princeton Seminary.
In 1840 Joseph K. Wilson mar?
ried Janet Woodrow, daughter
of Dr. Thomas Woodrow, a
famous Presbyterian minister
of the day, who was a descend
ant from ancient English slock.
The Kcv. Mr. Wilson became
the father of two daughters lie?
fere he was called as pastor to
Staunton, Va., where a third
child, a sou, was horn and
christened Thomas Woodrow.
When Thomas Woodrow was
iwo years old his father took a
pastorate in Augusta, Oa., and
soon became one of the most
noted ministers of the South,
Thoroughly equiped as u theo
logian and a pulpit orator of
power, he early reached and
long maintained a position of
much influence in his church.
When tin; Civil war broke out
he embraced the Confederate
Tommy Wilson, the Augusta
schoolboy, is described by Prof.
John T. Derby, one of his teach?
ers, as quiet and exceptionally
studious. The most important
instructor <> f young Wilson,
however, was Ins father, a man
of wide information on the af
fairs of the svorld. His father
believed that nobody had grasp
ed a thought until he could put
it quickly and definitely into
wortls. This he did himself,
and this he taught his son to
do. As a result Tommy came
to learn the written symbols in
which speeoli is set down, Io?
ns as learning only a method of
recording and transmitting a
language which he was already
well able in handle.
The Wilsons moved from Au?
gusta to Columbia, S. ('.. in
I87f), Dr. Wilson resigning Ins
pastorate to take the chair of
Pastoral and Evangelistic Theo?
logy in the Southern Presbyte?
rian Theological Seminary. At
Columbia Tommy attended
Charles Darn well's privat e
school. At the age of seven?
teen he entered Davidson Col-j
lege at Davidson N. C.
Living at the college wasi
rather primitive; the boys kept
their own rooms, tilled their
own lamps, cut up and brought
in wood lor their own tires and
carried in water from the pump.
Young Wilson joined a literary
society anil played on the base?
ball nine, once having the pleas?
ure of hearing the captain say,
" Wilson, you'd make a dandy
player if you weren't so blamed
He did not finish the year at i
Davidson; for he fell ill before;
examinations came on and was
taken to his home, now at Wil- |
minglon, N. (.'., where his fath?
er had taken a pastorate. Here
Wilson took things compara?
tively easy for a year. Except
lor tutoring in (ireek ..nil a few
other studies that he thought
might bo necessary for enter
ance into Princeton, he busied
himself with reading, looking
up the historic points of the
city and with tin; social life of
Dr. and -Mrs. Wilson's popu?
larity bad made tho parsonage
a social center in the eity, Se?
the young Wilson's associates,
who wore practically all older
than himself, were men and
women of culture and brillian?
cy. Hecuuse of these associa?
tions it was an urbane and am?
ply self confident young man
who left Wilniiugtou, one duy
in September, 1876, to enter
Princeton College. About thin
time he dropped Iii? Christian
name, Thomas, ami became
known as Wood row Wilson.
Woodrow Wilson attained
prominence among his mates
in the "famous class of
No less than forty-two of the
122 graduates of "7!> were honor
men,'" having an average of '.10
per cent, or better, for the four
years* course. Wilson barely j
got in among them; he ranked
Besides being a good student
at Princeton, Wilson became
managing editor of the college
paper and was prominent in
lie spent a great, deal of his
time in the college library,
Bpeciul'.zing o n government,
the theory of it, and the lives
of political leaders. To this he
addi'd assiduous practice i n
writing nnd extemporaneous
speaking. He belonged to Whig
Hall and the Liberal Debating
Wilson is not reeordo 1 ns a
prize debater, lint he did score
as second sophomore orator.
At the age of twenty-two he
signalized the closing of his
undergraduate days at Prince
ton by breaking into the Inter?
national Revlowis, in its issue
of August. I87f|, with an arti?
cle entitled "Cabinet Govern?
ment in the United States."
The article contrasted British
and American systems of gov?
ernment, pointing out the ad?
vantages in the British.
hi the full of IST't Wilson
took up the law course at the
University of Virginia, where
he indulged in a long, drooping
mustache, and in membership
in the Glee Club. "She Sleeps,
My Lady Sleeps," is shown by
Old programs of university con
'certs to have been one of Wil
son's tenor solos.
In May, 1882, In- carried his
luw diploma and an oratorical
prize to Atlanta, Qa.j where
lie opened an otlice for the prac?
tice of law. The ollice, how?
ever, did not prosper, und after
eighteen leasurely mouths ho
Tin- Atlanta experiment,
however, was far from event?
less. Although litigants gave
him nothing to do, he was not
idle, lie improved his time by
securing the promise of Miss
l?llen Louise Axson to be his
wife. Tlie Axsons were a I
prominent Georgia lowlands
family. The young couple were
married in 1885.
In 1881) appeared "('ongres
sionul (lovornmont, a Study of
Government by Committee,"
by Woodrow Wilson. The
bulk if 1 lie labor on t his volume
was done during Wilson's two
year course in science of gov?
ernment in .lohn Hopkins I'ni
versity. which accepted the
work as n thesis and conferred
Upon the author the degree of!
In the fall of lSS'i Mr. Wilson
begin teaching political econo?
my to the girls of Bryn Mawr.
Prom this institution he went
to Wesloynn University, where
j he remained until called to
Princeton in 1890 to occupy the
chair of jurisprudence and pol?
itics. In 1902 he was elected
president of Princeton.
President Wilson made it
clear at the start that conditions
ut the University were to ho
changed, ami, whether for bol?
ter or for worse, to be changed
radically. He stated that col?
leges needed to be revolutioniz
eii, and went so far as to say
he would endeavor "to gradu?
ate students as unlike their
fathers as possible."
His policies kept him in al?
most continuous conflict with
the University trustees and,
professors. In fact,'the bitter-!
est controversies in the institu?
tion's history marked his term.!
Wilson's friends nay it was a
conflict .between u Progressive
and Democratic President and
the forces of privilege and aris?
in May 1910, the Graduate
College of Princeton University
became the legatee of a three
million dollar estate, which
could not be accepted without
sacrificing Wilson's policies.
The money was accepted. The
president's resignation did not
come, however, until after the
New Jerssy State Democratic
convention, on September lfl,
1910, had nominated him for
the governorship. In the fol
lowing November Now Jersey
wont Democratic for the tlrst
time since 1832 nnil elected
i Wilson by a large majority.
I The spare, well formed, gray
eyed man started bis campaign ,
by ordering the State chairman
of his party out of his ofllce, \
never to return. He also forced
j through a Democratic Assem?
bly and Republican Senate a
direct primary and election law
which takes the organization
of both parties in New Jersey
out of the hands of the bosses.
Johnson Scores A Victory.
I Stonega, Va.. Nov. t",.?A
strong Republican in this pre
einet assailed Mr. W, A. John
son about as follows:
"Mr. Johnson, I'm a poor
man, and all I have to depend
on is a little job. Now when
the Republicans uro in power,
tho great financiers turn their
money loose, and when the
Democrats are in power, they
don't, and therefore I'm a He
publican." Mr. Johnson re?
plied, "Well, I think you won't
have to worry about that, any
more. You will remember
there was Napoleon, a great]
conqueror, 'The people thought
'(>h! if we don't tight for Napo?
leon, we'll bo ruiin-d etc.,' but
Napoleon was dually exiled,
ami put away ntT on an Island
to himself and those people bad
to timl sonn? other eouqueror to
light for. Now that's the way
the Republican party will be.
They'll bo exiled."
Electoral Vote by States.
Itolow we give ilie- latest revised vote
Tor i he various presidential candidate!
which ulll prohabl) not Is- changed as
only it few scattering precincts In some
of the Slates have not been beard from
and thev \vill not effect tin- vote In the
Malm- . II
Mar) laud S
Mlsalatilppl . 10
Missouri . IS
KOW Hampshire . I
N. w Jersey 11
New Nexlco :i
New York I.-.
North Carolina . 19
North Dakota . -">
tilli,> .. 94
Oklahoma . Ill
South Carolina. . '.'
Virginia . 19
West Virginia 8
Wyoming ? ''
Cilifornla . . .. . IS|
Mioblgan . 1.1
Minnesota. . 19
Pennsylvanl i its
South Dakota ?'<
l'Olt TA l i
Vermont . ...... 4
Total . 8
Sunday School Convention.
The Virginia Sunday School!
Association has issued posters
of the Great Sunday School j
Convention of the South-west,]
which is to be held at I'ulaski
on Nov. 2i> and 21. All Sunday
Sohool workers of its eighteen
counties west of Roanoke are
invited to attend as delegates
from their Schools und will be
entertained by tho people of
j I'ulaski. A large attendance
The list of speakers shows
that every phrase of Sunday
School work will bo discussed,
and by the best Sunday School
Spenkers of the State. Among
the subjects we note, "Train?
ing tin; Teachers," "Solving
Problems," "The Older Roy,"
"Tho Girl Problem,"' "Teach?
ing by Objects," "Soul win?
ning," "Adults i n Sunday
School," <&c, <&c.
Tho Convention will open
Wednesday morning Nov. 20th
at in:30, and close at 4:30 Thurs?
Official Vote of Wise County
Gladeville:--Wilson, 131; Tsft. 143:
Roosevelt, 08; Blemp, 936; Ayers. 145;
Norton:- Wilson, 171. Taft, M: Roose?
velt. 58; Stomp, 19?. Avers, 18?: tlraham.
Ilound Top ?Wilson, 8; Taft, 39;
Roosevelt, 84; Blemp; 58; Ayera; 6; (Ira
Roaring Fork:?Wilson, 4; Taft. 8;
Roosevelt, 11; Blemp, 81, Ayera, 8; t.ra
Tacoma: Wilson, 55: Taft 22 . Roose
vclt, 10; Hlemp, 88; Ayera, 81; Oraham,
Pound:? Wilson. 88;Taft. 42; Koose
roll 8; Stomp, 83; Ayera, lofl; Oraham,
Rmulsville: -Wilson, 68; Taft. 17:
Roosevelt, 8; Stomp, 81; Ayera, 7.'i. t.ra
Hamilton: Wilson. 12: Taft, 35;
Roosevelt, SO; Stomp, 70; Ayera, i:t; tlra
'I'asso:?Wilson, 37:Tift, 80; Rooee
relt, 0; Stomp, 88; Ayera, 2?; Graham. 1
Coeburn -Wilson, 211. T?n. 137;
IbMisevell, l.Vi; Hlemp, 34i>; Ayers, 238;
Clay House Wilson, 93: Taft. 60;
Roosevelt, 18; Stomp, 80; Ayers, ?7; lira
Big Stone Gap:?Wilson, K.9. Taft,
118; Roosevelt, 57; Blemp, 180; Ayera,
105J (ir.tli.iin, ;i
KastStouc ?Jap Wilson. 110, Taft,
rt",. Roosevelt, 30; Stomp, 140; Ayers,
183; Graham, o.
Sloncga:?Wltaou, .17; Tart, 15; Roose?
velt. 31; Blemp, 101; Ayers. 42; Graham,
Appahvohla:?Wilson, J03, Taft, 119;
Roosevelt, 89; Blemp, 800; Ayera, 11?;
Total Wilson. 1879; Taft,851: Roose?
velt. 573; Slemp, 171MI; Ayers, 1488, Ura
Official Vote of Lee County.
dixie:?Wilson, 88; Taft, 18; Roose?
velt, 9; Avers, ys Blemp, 16.
Hal. s Mill - Wilson, 72; Taft, 50;
Roosevelt, 9; Avers. ;.">. Stomp, no.
Bale* Torce -'-Wilson, if.: Taft, 51;
Rooserelt,48; Avers, 70. -slemp. Ill,
Morg in store- ?Wilson, 73; Taft. 49;
Roosevelt, 113: Ayers. 81; Blemp, 172.
Bishops Store - Wilson, .'.I; l ift, 110,
Roosevelt, 10: Avers. 60; Slemp. 98
Blaekwater;. Wilson. 101; Taft. 7il.
Roosevelt. 17; Ayers, 109; Slemp. lift'.
Hunters Gap:?Wilson, 17; Taft. Is;
Roosevelt, 88; Avers. 47; Slump. 44.
Joncavilla:?Wilton, 170: Taft, 69;
Roosevelt. 63; Avers, 192; Slemp. 224.
Stlckleyvilla:? Wilson. 13; Taft, 45;
Ii.veit. 88; Avers 45; Blemp, T7
Ilms! Store:?Wilton, 37; Taft, 20;
It osevelt, 18: Ayers, 41; Slemp,89.
I'ennlugton (lap -Wilson, 98; Taft,
mi; Roosevelt, 49; Avers, 111: Slemp, 11"
8U Charles:?Wilton, 67; Taft, 38;I
Roosevelt, 101 ; Ayera, 77. Slemp, 150.
BobbinsChapel" - Wilson, 8; Taft, 53;
Booteveit, 0; Avers. 5: Slemp. 68.
Keokeo Wilson. 8; Taft, 14; Roose?
velt, 83; Avers, 9; Slemp. 57.
Seminary:?Wilson, 37; Tall, 38;
R.h.se.elt, II. Avers. 31 . Slemp, 90.
Ifryilen: ? Wilson, 66; Taft, 04, Roose?
velt, 13; Avers. 09; Slump, 85.
The totalsaro:?Wilson, 1,033; Taft,
099; Roosevelt, 677; Avers. 1120; Slemp,
1521; Graham, 35; llchs hail 9. anil
C'lialiu 10 in the county
Scott Connty Official Vote
(late City, Vit., Nov. 7.?Ofll
oial vote ot Scott county: Wil?
son 1,321; Taft, 667: RooBoyelt,
1,075: Avers, 1,:I87; Slemp, I,
'?Hi; (Irahnm, 81.
J. 0. ST RA LEY DEAD.
Rev. J. < >. Straley, presiding
elder of the Tazewell District
ol the M. 10. Church, dropped
Dead ftt the district parsonage
at S o'clock Wednesduy after?
noon. He was in his usual
good health und spirits ull day,
und a few minutes before his
death was playing with his
children on the lawn and at the
burn. He went to the burn to
feed his horse and coining out
fell at the door of the barn.
Several men, happening to be
near, were attracted by the
screams of the children und car?
ried the bouy into the house.
In the meantime physicians
were phoned for, but when they
arrived life was extinct. His
death was tlue to apoplexy, or
was perhaps due to a paralytic
stroke. He hud Buffered two
strokes previously. His stid
den death caused intense excite?
ment. His wife and children
were almost frantic, and their
grief wus pitiable. Sympathe?
tic neighbors rushed to Mrs.
Straley's aid, and did whut they
could to lighten her burden.
Mr. Straley was in his second
year as Presiding oldor here.
He was a vigorous, progressive
and popular preacher. His
widow and llvo children sur?
vive. Remains were taken to
Kmory yesterday for burial.
Deceased was about 60 years of
Shoe Repair Shop.
I am prepared to do all kinds
of shoe rep-tiring in tlrst class
and up-to-dato style. My shop
is on Wood Avenue, in the
Wolfe Building, and 1 solicit
your patronage. adv.
W. H. Lawson.
Citizens of the Richmond!
District Favor Bond Is?
sue at Mass Meeting
A largo number of citizens of
the Richmond Magisterial Dis?
trict met in the town hall at
this place Saturday afternoon
and discussed the proposed
issue of bonds in the amount of
$120(000 for the completion of
the roads in the district as laid
out by the county at tho time
the original bond issue of
seven hundred thousand dollars
was issued. 1'racticallv all
the roads as originally surveyed
have been graded, but a largo
portion of them have not been
macadamised, and it is the pur?
pose to use the money derived
from the- proposed issue to com
plete the macadam.
With this amount all roads
that have been graded and sur?
vey ed can be completed, when
this district will have one of
the most complete system of
macadamized roads of any sec?
tion its si/e in the south.
The meeting was enthusias?
tic und all phases of tho situa?
tion was discussed by leading
citizens o f the district, ami
when the vote was taken as to
whether or not wo should peti
lion the cunt for an election on
the issue there was only one
veto against the proposition.
The chairman of the meeting,
Hon. Jno. W. Ghalkley, ap?
pointed Messrs. R. T. Irvine,
H. It Parker, Mayo t abell, A
H. Heeder and W, R. t'oilier, a
committee to prepare the no
cessnry details to in' presented
to the Hoard of Supervisors,
who will request the court to
order an election to determine
tho wishes of the citizens on
the subject, and the election
will probably be held early in
December, and if the issue car
ries, and there is no doubt but
that it will, the completion of
the macadam on all the roads
in the district will be done next
The pe0p|e of the district are
in favor of the hood issue and
there will be very little opposi
tion to it.
Of Fruit Raised by E. L.
Cousins ou Display in
Mr. K. 1.. Cousins, who lives
near Ore ton, and one of the
most prosperous farmers and
fruit growers in this section of
the state, brought some line
specimens of tin- different va?
rieties of apples he raised this
year to this office Saturday,
and we now have them ou dis?
play, and cordially invite till
who desire to call and sec them.
There is n great deal of in?
terest being manifested in this
section in regard to fruit cul?
ture, and within a few years
this section can boast of some
very tine orchards. Mr. Cous?
ins has an orchard of over a
thousand trees and thoy are
just beginning to bear. There
is also a number of young or?
chards in Wise and Lee coun?
ties that have just readied the
bearing age, and new orchards
are being planted every year in
Whether you are interested
in fruit culture or not, hut
would liko to see something
nice cull und take a look at tho
samples left with us by Mr.
Awarded Big Lumber Con?
The Middlcsboro Lumber Co.,
was awarded the contract this
week for furnishing the large
timber for the reconstruction
of the tipple at the plant of the
[Virginia Iron, Coal it Coke Co.,
which plant is expected to go
into blast befqre.the lirst of the
The contract awarded to the
Middieaboro Lumber Company
calls for 200,000 feet of lumber.
A pretty wedding took plnco
On last Thursday ovening, No?
vember 7, at the homo of tho
bride's parents, Mr. and Mrs.
l>. Hodge Hruco, when Miss
II at tie Bruce became tho bride
of Mr Howard L. Cummings.
The ceremony was performed
at 7:l"> o'clock, by the Rev. B.
M. Moreland, pastor o f the
Trinity Methodist Church,
South, at this place, in tho
presence of a limited numbor of
relatives. T h e rooms wero
tost.'fully decorated with banks
of ferns nnd chrysanthemums
in bower liko otTect, supple?
mented by an attractive ar?
rangement of cut Rowers. Tim
bride and groom wore unattend?
ed. They left on the L. it N.
train for Springfield, Ohio, the
home of tin- groom's mother,
where they will spend their
The bride wore a handsome
suit of navy blue diagonal cloth
with hat and other appoint?
ments in harmony.
Mr. and Mrs. Cuminings will
return to tho Gap about Nov.
20, and will make this place
their future homo. Mr. Cum
mings holds a prominent posi?
tion in the sales department of
the Stonega Coke und Coal
Company in the general otllces
t'n last Wednesday evening
Mr. and Mrs. Robert Bruce en?
tertained at dinner in honor of
the bride and groom und tho
out of town guests.
Home Mission Meeting,
The regular monthly meeting of the
Wimi.iii h Hum" MLakIou .Society wan
held Thursday Nov. 7, ?t the home of
Mr- I W. Kelly, the president in tho
chair The rneeUng opened by tinging
"llli.ii i Krlend ere hive in Jesua. '
Then following tin- Scripture reading?
from Mathewa, .' ih.ipt.-r,'41 to 99 verses
l i...: by the paalor, Hev, Moreland.
The devotional part of tho uicoting
WAS omitted, in order to iijijmint leaden,
and lieu.. -, for the ?eck ..I prayer, which
wiil 1?- from Noverber I? to 94,
Leaders Sunday, Nov. 17. Hev. More
land, subject for morning?"Onr Conn
try's debt to Christ." Evening,?"Untta
in making nur Country God's Country.''
Monday. Sov l*. Mrs l'cttll'. leader.
Subject, "American Indians, Afrlcaiia
Asiatics. ' al the hoiue of Mra II. A. W.
Tucaday, N.n in, Mis. Benedict,
lesdur Suhjcet.?"The frontier ami the
Island Possessions'*, at the home of Mrs.
J, II. Mathewa
Wednesday, \m 90, Mrs .1 II Math
BWS leader Subject,. "Immigatlon," at
the hoim of Mra I. t), I'eUItt,
Thursday. 91, Mrs.MorgahYoung
? !. i Subject -"'I'h.' Ilural Kcgions
and tho Cities/'at the boino of Mrs. .1.
Friday Nov 99, Mrs, W. It Kllboum,
leader, Suhjcet.? "AmericanSocial Prob?
lem' . at the home of Mis. Iltis MoUSSr,
Saturday, Nov. 9:1, Mrs Martin, leader.
Subject Prayer and fellowship," st
111.; home of >irs Malexin Smith
Sunday, Nov. 94, Sermon, by Itev.
Moreland. Subjects .Morning.?"Our
Country's opportunity for Christ." Kve.
iiing,"Unity in making our Country
i lod'a t 'otintry.'1
Next followed the business part of the
meeting. Treasurers report was read
and appiovcil. |!I.K dues wss collected.
Twelve mOmberS ami four visitors
were present Wo were glad to welcome
our new pastor's and presiding elder's
w ives us members of our socloty
Our district Secretary, Mrs. C. (J.
I ounls, of Coeburn, was present and
urged all membera w ho had lint paid the
extra 11 eO assessment to tie sure to be at
the neat regular monthly meeting, which
will lie with Mrs I. O, i'ettlt. Tliurs.
day. Dcceillbci and bring their dollar.
The Fourth Vice President's report
waa as follows: Visits, l>; delicacies.
.'), (lowers. I. shut in cheered, 1; gar
incuts given, 44; money. Uta; invited to
church. 'J invited to prayer meeting, H.
After repeating the Lord's Prayer the
meeting closed ami a social half hour
followed, in which tho hostess served
delicious refreshments, w hich were much
enjoyed by all present.
Butt, Phesr Wouk
The Black wood Coal anil Coke
Company, of whichC. J. Creve
ling is Qeneral Superintendent,
is boreing with a big auger at
tliti famous Pardee Mines on
Roaring Fork. It takes a big
augur to handle a seam of coal
elevon feet thick and all the
best of coal.?Norton News.
MINERS wanted by
Stonegap Colliery Com
I pany, Glamorgan, Va. Steady
i work. Highest price per ton
I paid in the district. Healthy
camp. Kxcellent water. School
Iund church facilities.
> Stonegap Colliery Co.
;ii). J. S. CHRYNEY, Q*n'l Suet.
xml | txt