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The Big Stone Gap post. (Big Stone Gap, Wise County, Va.) 1892-1928, February 05, 1913, Image 1

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___The Big Stone Gap Post_
VOL- XX1, B|G STONE GAP. WISE COUNTY. VA^T WEDNESDAY, FEBRUARY 5. 1913. No7~6
Denies Appeals
For An In?
crease
L. & N. Given a Turndown
by the Interstate Com?
merce Commission
On Coal and Coke
Kates.
Washington, .inn. 28.?In
deciding one of tin- most impor?
tant, bases involving tin' mutter
of raten on coal and coke, to
points imrth of the Ohio on
coke ami to points hoth north
ami south on coal, the Com?
merce Commission, in an opin?
ion written by Commissioner
MoChord, refuses to allow the
L. & N. road to increase rates
from mines on that, portion of
the Cumberland Valley divi?
sion in Virginia isisi of Mid
dlesboro, Ky.
The opinion Bays in part:
"Tili? proceeding involves
the reasonableness <>f the pro?
posed increased rates on coal
and coke in carloads from mines
and ovens on that portion of
the Cumberland Valley division
of tin; Louisville & Nashville
railroad i n Virginia <'iist, of
Middleshoro, Ky, It is Bought
to udvanco the rates on coal to
the Ohio river anil to points
south thereof 2c.nts per ton
from the Appalachian district
ami 15 cents per ton from the
St. Charles district; to points
north ol the Ohio river from l.'i
to 25 cents per ton. averaging
20 cents from tlte Appalachian
district and 25 cents from St.
Charles. The advance on coke
averages about 30 cents per ton
ami applies only from Appala
chia to points north of the < Mlio
river. No coke is produced in
the St. Charles district.
Whai Record Shows,
"ltrielly summed up, the
record shows, among bthor
things, the following:
"First.? That the Louisville
?V Nashville encouraged, i n
every proper manner, the de?
velopment of the mines and
ovens in the St. Charles and
Appaiachin districts, assisting
those operators in establishing
a market north of the ?hip river.
"Second?That the present
rules have been in effect nearly
ton years, ami the advance
contemplated will probably ex j
elude the Virginia operators
from the Northern territory.
'?T hird- Thai the cost to the
Louisville & Nashville for
transporting coal and coke
via Cincinnati is not fairly rep. J
resehtative of the cost via that i
route because of substantial ex
penditures incident to improve-1
ments underway.
"Fourth ?That via Louisville
the cost to the Louisville -v ;
Nashville is material') less
than via Cincinnati,
"Fifth?That, according to
the Louisville ,v Nashville's
figures, the cost' jio it etiuals orl
exceeds its revenue, while uc i
cording to the commission's
figures the cost is only from 71
to 82 per cent, of the revenue.
"Sixth?That these costs in?
clude all costs except return
upon income account, the out
of pocket cost being, therefore,
even al the Louisville's Nash
ville figures, about 150 per cent
of its revenue,
Pro-porous Koad.
? Seventh?That the Louis?
ville.& Nashville system, as a
whole, is prosperous; that, its
Cumberland Valley division, as
a ? 'hole, is prosperous; that the
Cumberland valley division;
oast of Middleshoro, shows'
either a profit or a loss, dope nd
ent upoii the method used in
the assignment of cost and rev.
enue.
"Bight?That t h ?? eastern
half ot the Cumberland Valley
division is more >expepsiye, per
unit of freight, to operate than
the western half, because for
ten years it bus remained prac?
tically unimproved, and a much
more economic line could he se?
cured from Wasioto to Appala
chia.
"Ninth?That, while joint
rules are under investigation,
till of the cost and revenue fig?
ures relate only to the move?
ment to the Ohio river.
"Tenth?That t h o freight
trallic manager of the Louis?
ville & Nashville admits that
) his ro:i?i seems to have been
1'trimed' I y the Northern lines
in the mutter of divisions: and,
'?Eleventh?That beyond a
few categorical answers there
is no testimony tending to show
the reasonableness of the in?
creased joint rates in their en?
tirely.
; "Under all the circumstances
our conclusion is that tbo bur?
den cast by low upon the de
tendent8 to show the reasona?
bleness of the increased rates
is sustained, and that such rates
should not be allowed to bo
come effective.
"We are further of opinion
ami lind that the present rales
are reasonable and should be
continued for a period of two
years.
"An order in accordance with
these findings will he used."
Difference nl Opinion.
President Milton II Smith
testified in person during the
hearing following tin- tiling of
the complaint, and the hearing
developed the fact that, the fall?
ing o ii t le t ween President
Smith and an erstwhile friend,
Hr. Went/., owm r nf large coal
interests around Appalachial
and Stonega, figured largely in
the matter of increasing rates
to these points. Oil ibis point
of difference between Messrs.
Smith and Went/, the opinion
says:
"At the outs. t we may say
that we are not at liberty to
give weight to tie' contention
made in this ca?e hv the ship?
pers that the tutvauce m rates!
was proposed in a spirit of hos?
tility to thorn.
?? Kveii if there could be shown
i serious departure from the
spirit which should actuate
those controlling the affairs of
a great corperationscreated for
public purposes, tilt) intent or
motive actuating such ollicials
has no weight upon the issue to
which w o are confined the
reasonableness of the increased
"The so called equities of the
operators wen- strongly urged!
before the commission, but we
can all.ml them no relief upon
that ground and must deter?
mine this case UpOII the sole
question of whether or not, un?
der all the circumstances, thel
increased rates havoboeii shown!
by defendants to Uo reasona-i
hie -
The lit tilings in Commissioner
MeChord's opinion are approved
into by Ins associates.
Commenting on the above,
Mr. ,1. K. itiillnt, 01.f the at?
torneys for the operators, Haid:
?'I consider this the most im?
portant decision fur the coke
and conl interests of this sec
lion that has ever been tender?
ed. The increased rates would
hive been prohibitive, ami if
(he Commission had allowed
them to go into effect, practi?
cally no coal or coke could have
been thereafter shipped from
(bis region to the west ami
Northwest, a n d its market
would have been con lined to
points in the South and South?
west reached by the Southern
and its connections. This
would not have put our opera?
tors out of business, but would
have been to them a very so
rious blow. The Commission
has not only saved the Appala
chia ami Itlack Mountain fields
but has likewise saved the 1.
& N. against itself, nr. at least,
that part of the I.. & N. known
as the Cumberland Valley di?
vision, the pet ami pride of
Supt. t). It. Hollingsworth. Un?
der Iiis skillful management
the Cumberland Valley division
has become one of the best
paving branches of the gystem;
but without coal and coke,the
road from Norton to Middles?
horo would scarcely pay oper?
ating expenses. 1 sincerely
congratulate our friend"! lolly*'
in that, tin* Commission refused
to allow Mr. Smith to commit
hurt ktiri.
(farmers ami fruit growers
from all sections of Washing
ton county report that the buds
of fruit trees are so far BwOlen
that a freeze will render the
I destruction of the fruit crop in?
evitable. SoiiK! report that
some of the fruit trees are in
bloom. It has been iiuusualh
warm for January and buds on
all kinds of trees are swnlen
giving them the appearance of
spring.?Bristol Herald Cour?
ier.
erator Com?
ing
D. A. Thomas, of Wales. Ar?
rives in Washington and
Sees President Taft
and Congress?
man Slemp.
Washington, Jah.81; Mr. I).
A. riiomns, M. P., of (Sardiff,
Wales, one of tho largost coal
mine owners of Great Britain,
arrived in Washington today
ami called Upen President Taft.
When Mr. Thomas left Kur?
land it was announced his pur?
pose was to inspect and pur
chase coal mines in West Vir?
ginia, Southwest Virginia and
Kentucky to make the South
American CoUSUmers who are
customers of the Knglish com?
panies independent of tho un?
certain situation in Wales.
Accompanied by Congress?
man Bascom C. Slemp, Mr.
Thomas and wife, and Miss
Jemisou, of Ireland, a personal
friend of the Thomas family,!
were cordially received at the |
W hitel louse,where Mr. Thomas]
and the president engaged ill
hearty conversation for over
an hour.
Upon leaving t h o W hite
House. Congressman Slemp
look the party to the capitol
and introduced them to Speak?
er Champ Clark and several
other prominent congressmen
and senators, after which they
went sightseeing ahout the cup
itol buildings.
Mr. Thomas, who served as a]
member of the Knglish parlia?
ment for over twenty years, is
in this country for the purpose
ot studying conditions in tln-l
coal mining districts of South?
west Virginia, West Virginia
and Kentucky. He sailed with
Ins party from Kugland on the
Mauretuntu January l5th, and
aller spending several days in
conference with several coal
barons in Wall Streut, left New
York yesterday >" his private
car for an inspection of the coal
mines.
"The announcement which
was made when I left Kngland
thai in) visit was for the pur?
pose of purchasing coal fields
in Southwestern Virginia, West
Virgiuia and Kentucky," "is
true to a certain degree. My
primary purpose, however, is lo
make a thorough study of the
coul mining industry of the
United States, especially with
regard to the export trade.
? I am the president of the
Cambrian Commission; an as
sociution of mine owners which
led the opposition to the de
mauds of the strikers in the
Welch mines last year, hut con
irary to report, il is not our
purpose to acquire coal mines
in the United stales as a weap?
on against the Welch miners 1
Some members of the commis-l
sion suggested that if we owned
mines in Southwest Virginia
and West Virginia, wo could
supply all our customers from
these mines, ,-dioilhl we In- Con
fronted with further strikes
and unreasonable demands on
the part of Welsh mine employ?
ees. This would be quite feasi?
ble, of course, but we have ar?
ranged matters with our men
now and do not anticipate any
serious trouble for some time.
"We have met with consider?
able difficulty of late in secur?
ing contracts for coal deliveries
ut .Mediterranean points, it be
iug pointed out that our delive?
ry was uncertain owing to la
bor troubles. Numerous con?
tracts have been taken right
from under our nose by Ameri?
can coal producers who empha?
sized this very point and point
led to the stability of American
production.
"If the English mine owners,
whom 1 represent, should ac?
quire mines in this country w<
could guarantee prompt deliv?
ery at all limes and meet the
American producers, who are
becoming troublesome of late,
j upon even term-.
"Before I return to England
I intend to study every phase
of the American coal mining
industry. M y chief interest,
however, is in the mines of Vir?
ginia, West Virginia and Ken-.
lucky. I shall go thoroughly
into tin- conditiona regarding
tlio cost of production and ex?
port from these mines."
"Is not the cost of production
lower in England than in the
United States:" suggested the
correspondent.
"No.it is not, although one'
unfamiliar w i t h conditions
would probably have that im?
pression Though Wages are
considerably lower in Kugland
than in America, the cost of
production i s over twice us
much. There are several roa
sons for this. The miners of
Qreat Britinn are limited to an
eight hour work day. This was
brought about through special
HC t of parliament. In this
country the miners work
ten hours and in some rare in- j
stances, even longer than that, j
" Then I belivo the American I
mines are equipped with better
machinery. Hut the chief fac?
tor is that in England and
Wales we have to go to what
would he considered iii this!
country as enormous depths to I
obtain our coal ami then can- ;
not dig as freely as in the I
United States. In Great Bri
turn we strike''drifts" of coal,
ami have to remove tons and
tons of slate, at times, while in
this COtltitry, I understand the
miners strike nothing but coal,
coal, coal, in solid mass,
"I am told the cost of pro-;
ductiun in this country is about
M.00 a ton in round figures. In
our mines in Great Hritin.il it
averages $3.00, Our miners]
can only mine about loo ton-, a
year, while m this country) 1
am told, it runs as high as II
tons.
"If prices of co il delivered I
at the docks were the same in I
Kugland mid the United Statt s,
how would the cost of trans I
portalem compare to foreign i
countries, the Mediterranean
ports, for instance:" asked the I
correspondent.
"Kugland would have a great
advantage," answered Mr.
Thomas. "The imports of Kng j
land are greater by far than'
her exports; the ex port - ol the
United States exceed the im
ports bor this reason ships
bringing cargoes to Kugland
will take buck coal at a very
low rate rather than stow bal?
last for which they would get
nothing. On the other hand,
outbound rates from the United
Stales are three or four linn's
as high as outbound rates from
Kugluud.
" This has been ami 1 believe
will continue to be, the great
est advantage the Kuglish coal
exporter has over the American
exporter
"'TliO Southwestern Virginia
ami West Virginia mineowiiers
have taken several coal con
tracts from us in the Meditor
runean within lite past year,
but the chief reason for this, us I
1 said before, was the fear ot
non-delivery owing to labor
troubles in Wales. Hy acqtlir
iug mines of our own in V irgin i
la we could guard against lltl
and fight the American coal
exporter with Ins own wrap
on."
While at the While House
Mr. Thomas discussed the l'an j
Ulna Canal controversy over I
ship tolls with the president,
but owing to the delicacy of
the situation,nothing was given
out about the matter.
Congressman Slethp ami Mr.
Thomas held a long conference
regarding coal mining condi
lions, Mr Slenip also being
heavily interested in Southwest
em Virginia mines
Re-Appointed Conductor Of
State Normal.
County Superintendent o f
Schools, Jas. N. liillman, re
ceived notice Thursday of Ins
fourth reappointment of Con?
ductor of the State Normal,
which convenes at Big Stone
Gap in July.
This appointment comes un?
solicited to Mr. Ililimau from
the Stale Hoard of Education,
on recommendation of t h o
State Superintendent.?Coe-:
bum Journal.
Messrs. J. C>. Jay no ami W.
W. Bickley. of Big Stone Gap,
have rented the Star Theatre
..ml will conduct a first-class
moving picture show in tile ball
The new show will open the
first of t he week.- Coeburn
Journal.
Civic League.
The Civic League bolfl its
monthly meeting on Friday uf.
lornoon, the lTth of January at
ihreo o'clock, at the home oi
the president, Mrs, E. E. Good
I?.-.
The Treasurer reported n bal
UI1CO of $38.Ot). Mr. .lames Fur
gave its ti'.T.'i, and requested us!
to again try to got a growth of
honeysuckle on our pike (rom i
here to Appalaclitu. We made
strenuous efforts along tins lino
two years ago, but lite soil is
elay ami very ha;<l to produce1
Uouoysuckto, but we will tryj
Itgain this spring. We are
proud of this beautiful road ?
our Switzerland of America.
Mrs. Benedict was appointed
(rhairman of < iotnmittee to look !
into putting two drinking foun.
tains in colored school building.
It was decided to have the
driveway gates at Cemetery
locked. Mrs. McCorhiick to
have ouo key, the Mayor one
key and the Sexton, Mi Hounds,
one key. It was decided to |
have Mrs. Benedict see Land j
Company, and got;them to tlx |
approach to I 'oihtiteri
Ii has beoh Stilled by some I
half do/.eii people that our!
Town is looking more unclean'
especially the oosiuesd section,
than It ever has in the history 1
of the Town We regret this,
as wo have appealed only in
the kindest way to the citizen?
ship of the town to clean up.
Cleanliness is hext to Godliness I
hut it seems the majority of us:
do not think so M rs. i loodl?o,
our President, suggested vv e'
Leaguers boy col all merchants,
grocers und tradesmen, that
permit in keeping such premi-l
A letter from Secretary of
Federal ion of I'In bs was read
Mrs. Alsover Treasurer, wasj
requested to send f:| tit) to the
Federation, our due-- fok" last
year. Mrs. iius Mouser was'
made Chairman of Sanitation
Committee We tilled out a
curd lo sen,I |),-. WBcy of tlc.ngs
most needed in our Town, lo
have all our ne at here iuHpt el
ed and have explicit labels on
all prescriptions and patent
medicines, ihe contents of all
canned goods known and cor?
rect weight in all measures.
Mrs. Benedict made a motion
that we bU) Mis. .lohn IL Lo?
gan's honk, which was nnuni
inouslv carried and each pay
twenty live i.is towards il,
and after reading give it to
school library. Reports coining
to us that the school building
was not kept clean, Mrs. K. B
Alsover, Mrs. Benedict n nd
Mrs. McCoimick were appoint?
ed to n.spec l he building
A Dramatic Committee, wan
ippointed to not up an outer
lainment, the proe.is to In
divided equally i ot e n tin
(ioti ami the Civic League.
The Committee are Mm. It. B.
Alsover, Mrs J, L. McCormick,
anil Mrs L, 0. 1'ettit. No other
business coming up for coosid
oration, the meeting adjourned.
I lur hostess served tea, sand?
wiches and cakes.
Secretary,
I * ?**'
WANTRD -200 poal miners
and 100 coko pullers at our sev
oral largo operations. No strike,
i lood wages. For further par?
ticulars write ST< >NF.( J A Ct >KK
,v COAL CO., Hig Stone Cup.
Vu adv.
Annual Meet?
ing
Of Big Stone Gap Athletic
Association Next Satur?
day Night.
A mo-ting of the Big Stone
tiap Athletic Association is
Culled for February Nth, S:l,*> p.
m., at the Town Hall. Tins
meeting is called for the pur
pOse of electing officers and
tdopting tlie policy for the
Veai 1013. All those interested
in tin- work of the Association
n e requested to he present.
A full detailed report of re.
ceipttj ami expenditures for the
war 101'J w ill he at this meet?
ing for those wlio may desire
to look it over.
The success of our Fourth of
duly Celebration for 1913 will
depend upon the interest taken
in the 1913 organization, so we
look for a fair representation
of citizens and members of the
VS800iatio.II at. this meeting,
? I, 1'aYI.OK, It. It ALSOVKR,
Secretary. President
Stockholders' Meeting.
the annual meeting ot the
Si ock holders of Interstate ttllll
rond Company will he held at
The tfliuHUltmnn House, Alox
indria, Virginia, Wednesday
h'ehruarv 10, 1913, at 13:30
'??lock I'. M., for the purpose
>f hearing annual reports, elect?
ing a Hoard of Directors and
transacting such other business
is in tv properly come before
tbe meeting
11. H. Prick,
Jan. 22--I-7 Secretary.
Stockholders1 Meeting.
I'lle annual meeting of the
Stockholders of The Virginia
Coal and Iron Company will he
held at Tim Fleischman House,
Alexandria. Virginia. Wednes?
day, February rub, 1918, at
twelve o'clock noon, for the
purpose of hearing annual re?
ports, electing a Hoard of Hi
rectors and transacting such
other business as may properly
come before the meeting
11. B. PRioe,
.1 an 22-s 7 secretary,
WANTED!
BY MARCH 15th, 1913
SEVEN competent young inen and EIGHT
competent young women t<> accept positions
paying s.p > per month and up,
W ANTED! BY MAY 30th, 1913
FIFTEEN competent young men and EIGH?
TEEN competent young women to accept po
siti >ns paying and $66 per month and up.
WANTED! p,v September ist. 1913
TWENTY FIVE competent young men and
TWENTY competent young women to accept
position as Principal ?l Commercial Department
in High Schools; Least salary offered to date
$85.00 per month to beginners.
Y n 11 n P' Pa 1W ? Nlore tnan 20 p?sitions pay
I u u I 1 g 1 w I Pw . ing s ,,, to s75 per month,
passed in January; Others as good yet OPEN. It you are
not qualified to fill these positions write us AT ONCE for
full particulars and enroll with r.s as soon as possible. We
must fill these important places. Write at once, addressing
Central Business College,
INCORPORATED.
Hear Building, Opposite First National Bank.
phone 1158 Roanoke, Virginia.

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