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Pitman-Spencerian Chartier By J. M. REASER, Prin. Com'I Department
MONG the foremost novelists of the world and time was Charles
Dickens, a parliamentary shorthand reporter. He studied and
used a system to which I am going to devote reverential atten
Like Robert Ftlton's steamboat it was the first system-at least
the English speaking race.
The only difference is that Fulton's achievement is unquestionably
proenitor of our mighty ocean greyhounds, our battleships, our
las. Fulton's craft grew. The parent Pitman did not. It re
an approach to the subject entirely different from that for the
of which Sir Isaac was knighted, to attain a result whose simpll
ease, legibility and reading power destines it to rule the world-the
ERIAN C(IARTIER System o Shorthand. Remember those words
'AN APPROACHI TO THE SUBJECT ENTIRELY DIFFERENT."
David Copperfield (which is, most of the time, simply a character
by Dickens for his own autobiography) thus describes the trials and
tions of the weary and heart-rending time he had in learning Pit
to prepare himself to report Parliament-AND THERE IS NOT A
WHO ATTAINS THIS PROFICIENCY IN PITMAN WHO WILL
TELL YO1 THAT HIS TRIALS HAVE BEEN JUST AB GREAT
pj THE TIME HE HAS TAKEN AS LONG.
"I bought an improved scheme of the noble art and MYSTERY of
sggraphy, which cost me ten and sixpence, and plunged into a sea of
ty that brought me, in a few weeks, to the confines of distrao
The changes that were rung upon dots, which, in such position,
such a thing, and in such another position something else entirely
gresat; the wonderful vagaries that were played by circles; the unao
sgatable consequences that resulted from marks like flies' legs; the tro
@atous effects of a curve in a wrong place, not only troubled my waking
but reappeared before in my sleep. When I had groped my way
through these difficulties. and had mastered the alphabet, which
a s Egyptian temple in itself, there appeared a procession of new
"swm s called arbitrary characters-the most despotic characters I have
known. When I had fixed these wretches in my mind, I found that
a had driven everything else out of it; then, beginning again. I forgot
ge; while I was picking them up, I dropped the other fragments of the
in short, it was almost heart-breaking."
This is Charles Dickens' own account of his struggles with what may
s lled the parent system of all shorthand now in vogue.
It is a vivid and true picture n the struggles of the best and bright
1 hinds who undertake, with this medium, to report so exacting and
t a kind of work as debates and speeches-with this exception:
NEVER LEARN PITMAN, IN SPITE OF EFFORT. OTHERS
ACQUIRE A FAMILIARITY WITH WHAT THEY WRITE
AS TO ENABLE THEM TO TRANSCRIBE IT ACCURATELY'AND
S"TO EXAMINE WHY THIS IS SO-TO LAY BEFORE YOU WHY IT
MOT SO WITH THE WONDERFUL SPENCERIAN CHARTIER BT.
18 THE AIM OF THESE COMPARATIVE ANALYSES.
Sir Isaac Pitman was born in 1813. l
o He was a scholarly thinker.
In 1837 he published what he called "Stenographic Soundhand."
The system, the invention of a trained, logical and well-ordered in
reflects those intellectual qualities.
ey0 can trace the mental process by which Sir Isaac devised the al
which once ruled the stenographic world.
Sir Isaac, a graduate of the British Normal College. fell back on the
useful circle; the angle or slant of straight lines, and finally suo
in composing an alphabet, itself easily remembered, but, used as
a sLrthand system, presenting difficulties it requires months and years
Seer so thoroughly as to be able to take testimony, speeches, *te.,
It. In some instances, a heavy percentage, this mastery is never
nt's look into this, first tracing the steps of Sir Isaao's pioneer
sad then analyze why this system, having no reference to English
to the ingrained habit of the mind by which people spell sand
In longhand, requires so much study and work of the student of it
he can master it.
Sir Isaac took a circle and out It up into as many parts as would en
-ee to use the segments or ares as symbols for consonant sounds
sesfualon. This is indlated by the points checked oEf in the
Tam we to Figure 1
*Jfyure s. eptrrer
-M 0"00uso\ A 4-
wz j46 '
OP AMbRICA, 8TAZs
IANA. PARISH OF OR
CRT or NuW ORIzAN.
that on this twenaty-secod
of April, ito the year of
thosad nineh hundred and
, Independence of the Unit
the one hundred sad
me, Lewis Rossner ra
Sit and for thejulr
Lf lslmana ther, i -
duly comaissboned and
ee presence of the wit
s andappend tbeaseve
names are hereunto susLerlb
declared that availlng
the laws of the state of lao
easee made and provided.
of the provisions of Act No.
Assembly of the state of
the year nineteen hundred
bsve covenanted and agreed,
p s covenant an agree
as well as an such
or become associated
a corporation for the
and under the articles
Sellowlng, to-wit :
titlet of this coroporate
have Its domicile in the
Orleans, ad t shll have
Its corporate ~m,
t-lne years from sf
_no unless sooner dis
er set forth. It shall
as soon as ten thousand
) full paid steok is
have, hold, purchase, sell,
se or mortgage preperty
m se sb d he e
a sal with eh hnserlp ,
.seay be selected by tJhe heard
or in the event oa his
Sheance or iabit to set
the tresrer Irs er de
sslt proems sai be sereLd
eepos s r . me l
corporatlon Is ortganised and the nature of
the lulness to be carried on by It are here
by declared W be: To acquire by pro ase t
or otherwise, to own, to old to by, to
sell. to coty, to lease, to mortgae, or to
r eea a tte or other property, per
asalor miled; tos ad saltl, In
le and retail lanttles, win. whiskey
beer or any and all kiIds o.f alcholc vino
or miat liquorm; and partilarly to qire
and take over all the assets of every kind
and character whatsoever. Including the h
lod-nwl o h th eemmerial partnership
n as aad lockt , r say other
conern enagd In similar biness and t
any sad an thig Incidset to the be
mes of wholesrale and retail liquor dealers
To represent as agnt, or otherwise. -
lar coarpyonws, partnerehlips or lndlvidu- -
herl boad in tet ob and .- a,
authorised to carry on busines In the state
of Loulsa sad elsewhere.
The capItal stock of tbhis Corporation Is r
hereby declared to be the sm of one hun-I
dyed thousand dollars ($100,000.00), divid
ed Into one tbousand shares of one hundredt
dollars ($100.00) each, which shall be paid
for In ash, propery or services. All stock
shall he tr efrredl on the k the
aompany by the stockholder o his duly an
thorred agent and attorney-I-act.
AmRIC C v IV.
The busIness of this cororatioa shall be
managed and conducted by a board of direc- a
tor omo ed o three (3) stockholders, to a
be eloted at a meeting of stockholder t
be held on son as tea thousand dollars
($10,000.00) of atock has been snbscribed I
and paid for. da beard of directors shall .
at one elect a president and a treasurer,
from their own number.
The board o tdrector and ecess as
elected shadll eldo their oess until the frt
Monday In January, 1012, or until their smu
cor salm lvebeen electeua d and quailc
On the irst Monday In January, f112, 2
any aftr4 (10) days' et in I
krl I r sll h een given th secre
aharised agt and atteey-In-act. the c
same to be sent or sailed to each stack-'
holde a d Mt a kae Prn pa -wslne- CI
Sth I tlo o w
01 uthebad0 rets5 neaitea
e e ,00 • d
Ve, ,. oW 4roj1#i4 LL'U .
circle of Figure 1, marked with numerals from 1 to I. Segment. are or
curve, 1-7, he called "f"; curve, 248, "th"; curve, 4-6, "s"; curve, 5-7,
"sh"; curve, 1-8, "1"; curve, 8-6, "r". Having thus obtained six con
sonant signs or symbols, he doubles the use of five of these by writing
them heavy and thus giving symbols for the heavy sounds of these five
consonant signs. Thus the sign for "f," written heavy. becomes "v";
"th" (as in "myth") becomes, written heavy, "th" (as In "with"); "s"
becomes "a"; "I" Is written upward or downward, the usefulness of
this segment of the circle is single; "r" written heavy becomes the vowel
sound, "y"! "M" and "n" are the top and bottom of the circle.
SIR ISAAC WAS STILL SHORT AT LEAST EIGHT CONSONANT
SOUNDS, and he proceeded to use all possible unconfusable radii of the
circle for these missing consonants: Radius, 2-c, he called "p"; 8-c, "t";
4-c, "ch"; 1-c, "k." Observe, please, that there is not a single other seg-l
meat of the circle or ralius thereof which can be used without imminent
and even hopeless danger or confusion, but he had now all necessary
CONSONANT SOUNDS and the EMBRYO of a system. HOPELESSLY
NONFLUENT, and DESTINED ABSOLUTELY to require, for the reason
of its CUMBERSOMENESS. a vast distionary of word-signs.
HE HAD NOT YET A SINGLE VOWEL SIGN. Of these-in the
writing of English, these vowel signs are absolutely imperative, at least:
ah, eh, ee, aw, oh, oo, and (short) a, e, i, (short) o, u. oo.
The device by which Sir Isaac attained their expression Is hopelessly
defective. as will be shown. He made position the expression of the vowel,
calling above the line, on the line and below the line the three positions.
"Ah," for instance, is indicated by a heavy dot above the line. That
heavy dot on the line or in the middle of the stroke or letter becomes
"eh" and in the last place, "ee." Written light, it becomes the short
sound of the same vowels. Taknlrg a short dash and writing it heavy
In these three positions, he furnished his system the second series of long
or heavy vowel sounds, "aw," "oh," "oo": and, writing them light, the
second series of short vowel signs. "o," "u," "oo" (short). The dip
thongs are arbitrary characters, as are '.," "u."
That is the alphabet of the system for the Invention of which Queen
Victoria conferred upon Sir Isaac the great honor of knighthood! With
these signs anything can be written, in some sort of a fashion, but be
fore a man can take testimony or speeches running from 125 to 200
words a minute, or twice as fast as a clock ticks, he has to acquire a
skill, to so make this system a part of him, to so WRITE SOUND (ab
stractly) that the apparent simplicity vanishes and he finds that he is
against practically the problem whleh kept the. immortal Dickens sleep
less, hewing down forest after fores of difficulties even in his dreams.
This article proposes to discuss this matter to a finality-to show
the relative merits of the Spencerlan Chartier and Pitman.
It is not doing so in a spirit of cavil.
It believes in the sublime dignity of the 114-foot craft of Fulton,
which made its way laboriously up the Hudson at five miles an hour.
But it is certain it the restless progressiveness and energy of man had
been content with it and declared it the finest possible boat that human
genius could build, he would not today be crossing the ocean in a little
over four days on mighty leviathans which are practically safe against
all storm and which breast the fieroest of them without a perceptible
deerease in speedl
This is the age of progress.
Progress is impossible itf we cling with blinded eyes to opinions which
we have accepted for their age and by reason of no thought which we our
selves have spent.
Progress is possible only as a result of investigation--and investiga
tion is the child of freedom from bias, freedom from accepted convention
alitles. Fogyism has no place In America.
With all honor to the great intellect of the student who has, in spite
of all the criticism to which his system is open, made it possible for men
to transcribe thought with the swiftness with whloh it glides from the
tongue. THIS ARTICLE ASKS THAT YOU INVESTIGATE WHAT IT IS
SEEKING TO PUT BEFORE YOU WITH ALL DEFERENCE AND HU
MILITY, BUT WITH A CONVICTION THAT EVERY CLAIM AND AR
GUMENT ADVANCED IB BANE, SOUND, TRUE-WORTHY OF YOUR
ATTENTION, INASMUCH AS THE DAY IS FAST ARRIVING WHEN
EVERY CHILD IN THE THIRD READER WILL BE LEARNING
SHORTHAND (SPENCURIAN OfARTIER SHORTHAND) WITH AN
EASE AND READINESS IMPOSSBIBL IN ANY OTHBEa YSTEM.
THE GREAT PITMAN'S DIFFICULTIES
Before we go any further in this analysis, and while you have the al
phabet of the Pitman system fresh before you, let me give you another
plate in order that we may make plainer our talk.
I pick this plate at random. It is a Pitman transcrlpt of an utter
aace of the great showman, P. T. Barnum, and here is what he said, writ
tea in longhand:
"As far as busness is concerned, I have a particular hobby. My
erase is that every young person, of both sexes, should learn at least
shorthand and typewriting. Here you have mental discipline and knowl
edge together, knowledge, too, that is almost certain at some time to be
convenient and practically available. I cannot conceive that one who
knows these two branches thoroughly will ever need to go hungry in the
present generation, for they have a constantly widening use."
Know Pitman thoroughly! Truly P. T. Is a humorist. P. T. was
either Ignorant of his sabject or joking.
How many there be of these craftsmen in this city of almost 400.000
useals? Count them over---those who really answer P. T.'s description.
Yen or anyone with the slightest sort of memory can learn that alphabet
which has just been given and which, with endleas use and practice, can
enable one to do that speedily, but try, knowing this alphabet, to take a
n, asl they may think proper, nd ihall
have the power to change, modify or alter
the same, as they may think proper.
The aid board of directors shall appolnt
the secretary for said corporation ad -all
other olcers, and agents, clerks, and em
ployes, and shall have the same right to
discharge any appointive omer of the com
pany or any other employe, as they may see
it. The board of directors shall have the
rliht to fix the compensation or salary of
alL ocers or employes.
At the termination of this ebarter by lim
Itation or otherwise, the business and afalrs
of thie ompny shall be liquidated and
wound up by two liquidatting commission
ers, who shall be ebhose by a majority of
the stockholders at a general meeting there
of, to be called at least ten (10) days pre
vious to the termination of this charter by
written notices snt by the secretary to
each stockholder or his agent and attorney
In-fact, directed to the last known place of
residence of said stockholder or attorney
In-fact. In ease of a dissolution of this cor
a ratlon, there shall be chosen two liquldat
lg commissioners, in the same manner as
above spected for.
This charter may be changed 'altered or
modifed, or this corporation dissolved, by
a vote of two-thirds of the stock present or
represented, at a general meeting of the
stockholders convened for such purposes,
after tea (10) days' notice shall have been
given to each stocholder In wrlttalnt, by the
secretary, the same to be seat to such stock
holder or his duly appointed agent and at
terney-ta-fct directed to his last known
place ot residkesnc
No stockholder to this corporation shall
ever be held liable or ernpesible for the
contracts or hfuls thereof, in any further
sam than the unpaid balane dne the com
pany on the shares owned by him, nor shall
any mere Informality in orgaalmton have
the efect of rendertng this charter nul or
of eposn y tockolder to ny li bility
beyond h unpaid balance on hisstock.
Thun dse and passed to my ece. into the
city of New Orleans, Louisiana, on the day,
month and year firt aforealad, to the pres
ence of Charism T. Rahshy and Charles I
Levy, Casteta witnesses. t wo have signd
thes prees tether with t sid ap
paesa and me, e bry, after n reading
I. u f16 lesh sý f. D. Shars 'si. Vkt
per I A. Block.
(Witnesses) : C. T. Starkey, Chas. I. Lery.
Lawis R. GHasnAM
I, the undersigned recorder of mortgages
In and for the perish of Orleans, state of
Louisiana, do hereby certify that the above
and foreolng aet of iacorporatIo of the
Vadoa-Block Corporation, was this da ly
recorded I. my odce In book 1018, folo 548
New Orleans, April 24, 1911.
EBIua LoWNAsD, D. R.
I hereby certify that the above and fore
going is a true sad correct copy of the act
of lncorporation of the VadonuBlock Corpo
ration, on ale In my notarial oece.
(Seal) Lawns . On aAM,
may 4-11-18-25 Jun 1-8 1911 Net. Pub.
OF THE DRUMMERS' OIL COMPANY OF
UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, STATE
OP LOUISIANA. PARISH OF OR
LANS, CITY OF NEW ORLEANLS.
Be It known, That on this, the thirteenth
day of the mouath of ArI In the year of
our Lord, one tosand, ine hundred and
eleven, and of tb- Independence of the Unit
ed States of America, the one hundred and
thirty-fift, before me. Alexts Bria, a no
try public duly commissioner and qualified
witan ad Mfr the arLh O d Oe state
tof iLeum therein residing d t
presence of the wit·aeses after named
and namderined, persoally came an p
peared the several p whos nams ar
ereunto subscrbed wh declaed that,
avaUlar themselves the provisons of the
laws of this state relative to th orgdss
ti ef d orp floss, they have orgaised
and do by t presents erpalse and form
themselves and such other ersons as may
hreafter Joein witth them, and their suees
sars into a cerporati. and hedy pltc in
law under the covenants, agreemets and
stlpulatles folowi, t-wit:
Thu nse of this eerw etl sha be
theý A M» OIL COMANY O LOU
MilAMA." It "Bgalap 3 sa I rits san
speaker at 150 words per minute, and see how thoroughly you really
See if you don't find your penci with the same sort of fits that af
flicted that of the great Dickens.
JOKER BARUM'S WORDS IN SHORTHAND
The above is the plate showing the transcript in shorthand of Par
f num s point of view of shorthand. It is probably written by a man who
1 answers Barnum's description, full of word-signs, correctly used---a Ie'r
First, let us call your attention to the fact that the vowel-signs are
, entirely eliminated-and believe me when you are taking a speech. vi
.have no time for vowel-signs with Pitman shorthand. TilE REAS(ON
:IWHY IT TAKES YOU SO MUICI PRACTICE TO MAKE TlIS SYS'I."IE
tIVALUABLE TO YOU IS THAT YOI'R EYE. YOIUR INSTINCT MIUST I.E"
TRAINED SO THAT YOUR EYES ALMOST SI'PPLY THE INVISIII.E
AND NON-EXISTING VOWELS. In fast writing you are forced to drip
the vowels. We set forth here one proposition of shorthand which defies
It is elemental:-The reading power of any system is based on the
percentage of vowel sounds you can indicate.
Here is a another truism: ITS SPEED IS BASED ON THE SPI'EEI:
WITH WHICH YOU CAN DO THIS.
From these two axioms it is impossible to get away.
Now, in this light-so clear and setlf-evident---let its get at the tran
script of what Joker Barnum says, as transcribed in the Pitman syst, in.
Notice, please, that the very first three words are written as a word
sign-the very first three words. These first three words are "as far as."
and the Pitman system writes them 'sfrs"! There is not a hint of a vowl
sound anywhere. In the position! Why should "as" he wrl:ten in the first
position and in the last position, and each time spell "as"? The accuracy
of geometry is sadly deserted in this: "Fr," "far." Is there any possible
reason, conceding for the sake of argument that the "fr" is in the first
position, why this should not be "far." "afar." and since there is mere
position visible, why it should not be "offer?" It is, however, "far" to
the trained eye in Pitman, for the reason that that house there is a house
to your familiar vision. In "business." position pretty well indicates the
word. You have "bs" and "ns," and require no flight of imagination to
make it out. "Pn" is conventionally in the second position, making it
literally and meaninglessly "open" with the "o" long, as in "mode" or
"pone" (same long o) or "pain" (long al, or "pen" (short e), etc.
In short, the "pn" in the second position spells "upon", because it is con
ventionally so accepted. "Concerned" has a little bit of dot before the in
itial circle-s for "con," an "r" cut half its length, thus adding "d and a
little "n"-hook---still the "d," created by the shortening of the "r" is
read after the "n"-hook. Here, then, are the consonant signs guiding
the experienced eye in reading "concerned"-"consrnd." "I" is the
"tick" on top of the "v," and "v" is a word-sign for "have." "Iv," in other
words, is "I have." "A" is the dot In the first position. "Particular" is
"p" shortened to half length to show that there is a "t" or "d" sound
t somewhere concealed about its person, and the "p" is begun with an "r"
hook, although the "r" is read after the "p." Literally, we have "rpt (or
d)" spelling "particular." Another word-sign: "lib" (vowel sounds to
be guessed) "hobby." In a sentence of eleven words. thus, we have
What now is really a word-sign? It is something that has to be
learned and stored away in the memory. When the first eleven words
of the man who says that his hobby is that every young person should
learn shorthand "thoroughly," are found to contain seven words that
have absolutely to be remembered, it is to be seen at a glance that he is
either ignorant of what he is talking about, or has a large and expansive
sense of humor. This system cannot be taken on and carried as a side
line. One who learns it has to dedicate himself to it as did Dickens. An
other thing, this system cannot be mastered and allowed to rust. Speed,
accuracy, a working order of the possession is maintained by constant
practice and that alone.
There are sixty-eight words in the rest of what P. T. Barnum here
Ssaid. There are over forty word-signs in this number. Capacious mem
ory at this gait, don't you think, to know this language of lines and arcs
and circles thoroughly-a big word-sign store-house necessary; and you
cannot pause, you know, when you are writing 150 words a minute to re
call how "I have been," "as far as" "that" "particular," etc., are writ
ten. Pitman is almost impossible with night students.
It is strange, almost remarkable, that an analytical genius such as
must have been the mind that invented and evolved Pitman system did
not reflect that the two greatest impediments in his system were inflict
r ed unabated on all the men and women who studied and the compara
tively few who mastered his system:
A lack of vowel power.
A diminution of speed proportioned to the number of vowel signs
y Net result--an absolute necessity of an enormous dictionary of word
I- A difficulty of mastery increased by every word-sign.
e A MULTIPLICATION, IN THE CASE OF EXPERTS, OF WORD
o SIGNS SO GREAT AS TO MAKE THE WRITING OF EACH EXPERT A
e SYSTEM OF HIS OWN, BASED ON PITMAN. BUT PECULIAR TO THE
WRITER AND ABSOLUTELY UNDECIPHERABLE BY ANY ONE
£ As a matter of my own knowledge I know that Spencerian Chartier
0 shorthand an be learned with one-fifth the study required for Pitman;
i. it can be written faster than Pitman-it makes fewer strokes in writing
i say given matter--and it can be read with an ease never claimed for Pit
a man. In fact, people knowing the system, correspond In it and read each
a other's writing as though it were longhand or Roman print.
prleg granted by law to rporatilon;
It all ext for a peri of ninety-nine (99)
years, unless sooner dissolved as herelnafter
provided; Its domicile shall be in the city
of New Orleas. state of oloulslana, where
eitation and other legal procesas ll be
served on its president and in his absence
on the vice-president of the corporation.
This corporatien shall have power to con
tract, sue and be sued in Its corporate name ;
to make and use a corporate seal ; to hold,
receive, purchase or otherwis aequre, con
vey, not e, hylothecate or lede pro
petty both real ani personal; to ssue bonds,
notes and other oblgatlons: to borrow or
lead money; to have and employ such man
agers, directors, eAeers and other employes
as the wsistae of this corporation may re
quire for its conduct; and to make and a
taMlih such by-laws, rules and regulationl
for the managemeat and control of the a
fairs of said corporation as may be desira
ble or necessary.
The objects and purposes for which this
corporation i organiuted and the nature of
the busine which will be carried on by It
are declared to be: to urchase, lease or
otherwise acquire lands in this state or In
nelghboring states ; to construct or otherwise
acquire works and applances necen ary for
thm exploitation discovery, development,
manufacture end redning of mineral oil and
other mineral substances: to acquire, own
and operate oil wells and their appurten
ances; to own and operate relneerls, pipe
lines; and generally to egage In any other
bousiness or enterprise coneted with or in
cideatal to the Wprposes herein set forth.
The capital stock of this corporation is
her ed at the sum of Sty thousand
($,00) dollars divided inte and repre
sented by ift thousand (50 000) shares of
the par va of one ($LO6) dollar each,
which shall be paid for in ca or b pro
services o-or s" 9 rendered to
S omp Say. oserlptis to stock shall
Ibe add n s k aomoPts and at sch times
as he board of directors may r re. All
shares of st shal be fun p a
assesable. No transfer of stock shall be
Oda soon the company, unaes recorded
nesonIbooks. All certificates of stock
mall be ts ed by the president and by the
seeetar and treasurer. This crportio
a b=n ,da a sa xis as tree thaen
ad (PAW) dellate ot Ito stock shall have
All the corporate powers of this company.
lncluding the right to purchase convey,
mortgage and bypotheate reel estate shall
be vested In, and the management and con
trol of its buslness shall be exercised by a
board of directors, composed of ive stock
holders, three of whom shall constitute a
quorum for the transaction of all businaes.
Messrs. John N. Alexlus, Edwln H. Borden,
Samuel J. Huey, A. H. Borden and A. Fred.
Renaud shall constitute the lst board of
directors, who shall hold oice as such until
the third Monday of May, 1913. On the
third. Monday of May 1913, and annually
thereafter, there shall e a meeting of stock
holders, convened upon the call of the sec
retary and treasurer, by givia ten days'
notice thereof to each stockholder through
the malls directed to his last known place of
residence or business, at which a board of
disectore shall be chosen for the ensuing
year. Each stockholder shall be entitled to
one vote for each share of stock owned by
him, to be cast either in person or by proxy.
All elections shall be held by ballot, if de
mand is made therefor by any stockholder.
The bealot shall be conducted under the su
pervision of two stockholders appointed by
the president of the corporation. The dl
rectors appointed by this charter or any
directors subsequently elected shall continue
in oSce until the ensuing annual meeting of
stockholders, and until their successors have
been duly elected and qualified, and no fail
ure to elect directors shall be regarded as a
forfeiture of this charter. Any vacancy oc
curring In said board shall be filled by the
remaining directors for the unexpired term.
The board of directors shall have the right
from time to time to appoint and dismiss
the elerks, agents, managers and other em
ployes which the business of the company
y requlre. Any one of the directors shall
have the right to delegate in writing to any
other director his authority and functions
as such director, to be exercised at any
meeting of the board.
The odoers of this corporation shall con
sist of a president, a vice resident and a
secretary and treasurer. Tintll the third
Monday in My, 1913, Mr. John N. Alexlus
shall be es9ldent of this corporation; Mr.
EdwlIn H. Borden shall be vice-president.,
and Mr. lSamuel 3. Huey shall hbe secretary
and treasurer. On the third Monday in
May, 1913 and annuall.- thereafter, the
beordof diertos. immedltely upon their
election the stookholders, shll meet and
select from their own number the onceru
aosesald, who shall bold odce until the eca
salig aul stockholders' meetl or until
their soacom~ll hall have been duly elected
\,,t thbro uh "ai" or 'uit
irh ot. Not through any
rhln on earth bult QI'AI,
11IT and VAI.E-ES You
an t dleny them ii Vyl n't
dodge ilheml-- you (lan 't
We offer etremnely smart
fa-rhis. trlipelu erges and
allI "'tlh . In lilghtIy latty
PeavM anl destr+'m ill
St y'li t . IT he InII4te or
g lirtulIwlurk Is pitmply per
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CITY TICKET AGENT.
225-27 It. ,hude St., iw lri ,.
MEONE RAIN 4027
Every Sunday I will have for sale
Harris' Pure Ice Cream.
Alix and Bermuda 8ts.
No stockholder shall ever be held liable
or respolsible for the contracts, taulta or
debts of this corporation beyond the ameunt
of the balance due by him on his stock sb.
scrlptlon, nor shalU any mere lntormality
heren have the efect of rendernlag this char
ter null or of exposls any stockholder to
liabulty except ua above provided.
This acet of ineorporatlon may be ebaged
and modled or amended, or the corporantio
mas be diolved with the oasset of steek
holders ownlong a majority of all the stock
of the company. expressed at a general meet
ing convened for that purpos, and after at
least ten daye' written notice of such meet
ing and of Its purposee shall have been give
to each stockholder throuh the mail ad
dressed to his last known place of residece
or buminess. In case of dissolution of the
corporation by vote of the stockbolders or
by expiration of thie charter, the affairs of
the orporatlon shall be liquidated under the
supervision of three stockhbolders who Ishall
he elected at a general meetnlg of suech
stocLkbolders called as aforesaid. In case of
death or any one of said liquidatlng com.
mIkeloners, the remahnlng commissioners
shall select a successor to him.
Thus done and passed In my ofce at the
city of New Orleans, on the day and date
herein first shove written, in the pes ace
or Messrs. E. I BSutahery and eo. W.
Schweltzer. competent witnesses, who have
hereunto signed their names with said ap
pearers and me, notary, after due redindlg of
John N. Alexlus, 1.500 shares; Edwih R.
Rorden, 104) shares; Allen II. Borden, 100
shares (per Edwnla II. Borden); Samuel J.
lluey, 1,500 shares; A. Fred Renaud, 100
shares (per R. J. Iluey).
E. L. zabelry, ;co. W. Schweltzer, wit
nesses. AlEXIS BRIAN,
I, the undersigned deputy recorder of
mortgages In and for the parlsh of Orleans.
do hereby certify that the foregoling bcharter
of the DIrumnmers' 011i Comlpanny of Loulslsns
was this day duly recorded lin my ome in
book No. 1018, folio -.
(Slgned) EMIIE LEONARD,
Deputy Recorder of Mortgages.
New Orleans, AprIl 15th. 191!.
I certify the foregolong to Is a true copy
of the original act of Incorporation of the
SDrummers' 011O ('ompany of Iaulotlana and
Sof the deputy recorder's certificate thereto
SNew Orleans, April 15th, 1911.
S (Seal) Notary Public.
apl 20-27 my 4-11-18-25-1911.