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Pitman-Spencerian Chartier By J. M. REASER, Prin. Com'l Department
ONWG ~he foremost novelist. of the yorld and time was Charles
Dickens. a parliamentary shorthand reporter. He studied and
used a eýatem to which I am going to devote reverential atten
Like Robert Fulton's steamboat it was the first system-at least
the English speaking race.
The only differetnce is that Fulton's achievement is unquestionably
Iroeanitor of cur mighty ocean greybounds, our battleships, our
. Fulton's craft grew. The parent Pitman did not. It re
ad applroa h to the subject entirely different from that for the
of which Sir Isaac was knighted, to attain a result whose simpli
-ase, legibility and reading power destines it to rule the world-the
CERIAN ('IARTIER System o Shorthand. Remember those words
«"N APPROAI'I! TO THIE SUBJECT ENTIRELY DIFFERENT."
David CopperfiId (which is, most of the time, simply a character
by Dickens totr his own autobiography) thus describes the trials and
~istions of the weary and heart-rending time he had in learning Pit-'
to prepare himself to report Parliament-AND THERE IS NOT A'
WHO ATTAINS THIS PROFICIENCY IN PITMAN WHO WILL'
TELL YOI' TIAT HIS TRIALS HAVE BEEN JUST AS GREAT'
THE TIME lIE HAS TAKEN AS LONG.
"9 "1 bought an improved scheme of the noble art and MYSTERY ofI
aegraphy. which cost me ten and sixpence, and plunged into a sea of
ceity that brought me, in a few weeks, to the confines of distrao
The changes that were rung upon dots, which, in such position,
lst such a thing, and in such another position something else entirely
it; the wonderful vagaries that were played by circles; the unac
sble consequences that resulted from marks like flies' legs; the tre
effects of a curve in a wrong place, not only troubled my wakings
but reappeared before in my sleep. When I had groped my way
through these difficulties and had mastered the alphabet, which
as Egyptian temple in itself, there appeared a procession of new
called arbitrary characters--tbe most despotic characters I have
Smown. When I had fixed these wretches in my mind, I found that
bad driven everything else out of it; then, beginning again, I forgot
; while I was picking them up. I dropped the other fragments of the
short, it was almost heart-breaking."
:this is Charles Dickens' own account of his struggles with what may
gled the parent system of all shorthand now in vogue.
It is a vivid and true picture n the struggles of the best and bright
*mniads who undertake, with this medium, to report so exacting and
a kind of work as debates and speeches-with this exception:
NEVER LEAR:N PITMAN, IN SPITE OF EFFORT. OTHERS
ACQUIRE A FAMILIARITY WITH WHAT THEY WRITE
AS TO ENABLE THEM TO TRANSCRIBE IT ACCURATELY AND
So EXAMINE WHY THIS IS SO-TO LAY BEFORE YOU WHY IT
80 WITH THE WONDERFUL SPENCERIAN CHARTIER 8YS
IS THE AIM OF THESE COMPARATIVE ANALYSES.
Sr Isaac Pitman was born in 1813. *
Be was a scholarly thinker.
Is 1837 he published what he called "Stenographlc Soundhand."
r fe system, the invention of a trained, logical and well-ordered is-1
reflects those intellectual qualities.
Yea can trace the mental process by which Sir.Isaao devised the al
which once ruled the stenographic world.
I r Isaac, a graduate of the British Normal College, fell back on the
useful circle; the angle or slant of straight lines, and finally suo
tr composing an alphabet, itself easily remembered, but, used as
system, presenting difficulties it requires months and years
so thoroughly as to be able to take testimony, speeches, eta,
Jt Is some instances, a heavy percentage, this mastery is never
L4t's look into this, first tracing the steps of Sir Isaac's pioneer
and then analyze why this system, having no reference to nalish 1
to the ingrained habit of the mind by which people spell and I
in leghand, requires 'so much study and work of the studemt of it F
he es master it.
Mr Isane took a circle and cut it up into as many parts as would ma-i
ow to use the segments or arcs as symbols for consonant sounds
confusion. This I indicated by the points checked off In the
Turn we to Figure 1
-t: 3z c=I=t:jh nd
S)= s:)f Z
z /I-c=--=x:- ,9
It t /LL( =5 tcI
N FILM EXCHANGE
OF AMERICA, STATS
CITY OF NEW OR
;LRs OF ORRLEANS.
that on this twelfth (12th)
Of May in the year of our
nine iaudred and eleven
the Independence of the Unit
the one hundred and
), before me, Henry Leon
ic, duly commissioned
rI and for the Parish of Or
.. Lenislana, and in the pro
hereinafter named and
Ily came and appeared:
John Albion Saxton and
Walmsley, Jr., all resl
of New Orleans, State of
the full age of majority.
that, sailing themselves of
of the general laws of the
relative to the formatlon
but especially of the Act
areral Asembly of the State
at the year 1904. they have
M agreed, and they do by
eeWsant, agree. bind and o
as well as such other per
hereafter become associated
Seoastitute and form them
tlon and body politic in
and objects and uader
stipulations following, to
Ud title of this corporation
"OUTH'ERN FILM EX
i that eor~ate name It
s soccesalon r for period
( ) year: It shall have the
sae and be sued, to make
Ssaul; to issue &s : h
mosey secured by mortg
to have and e aoy such Ues
e er. sts ad other
interests the tsid t or
Sequle; to make and emab
rules and remlatiems for
an centrol or the auirs
asjahe wacar, ad
to eagry est
wues . . ..su
b rl·, ~ r
The domicile of this corporation shall be
in the City of New Orleans, and all citations
and other legal process shall be served on
the president, or, in his absence, on the
vice-president, and, in the absence of both,
on the secretary-treasurer.
The objects and purposes for which this
corporation is formed, and the nature of
the business to be carried on by it are here
by declared to be: to manufacture, pur
chase, sell, lease, and to deal generally in
all kinds of films and picture machines for
the exhibition or reproduction of moving
plctures on screens or otherwise for its own
account or as agents for others, In the Btate
of Louisiana and elsewhere; to build, pur
chase, own, lease and operate theatres for
the exhibition or reproduction of moving
pictures on screens or otherwise ; to buy
and sell, as well as lease, patents and pat
ent rights in connection with the objects
and purposes for which this corporation is
formed; and in general to do all things
necessary, incidental and proper to 'carry
out the objects and purposes of said cor
The capital stock of this corporation is
fixed at the sum of ten thousand dollars
($10,000.00), to be dilded into and repre
sented by one hundred (100) shares of the
per value of one hundred dollars (5100M0'
each; and said stock shall be paid for is
cash, or its equivalent, as called for by the
Board of Directors.
This corporation shall commence doing
busines and become a going concern as
soon at three thousand dollars (;3,000.00 ,
of its capital stock shall have been sub
seribed to. No sale or trastfer of stock
shall be valid or binding on this corporation
unless made on the boos of the corpora
Should any stockholder de1re to sell his
stock he shall rst oer the meas to the
stoLckholers of this corpoation throug
its Bead e Direct rsý a any stotkholder
shall avey the rrght to rchase the same
atto stook value, at the time of er ,-or
within senty-sWet (t2) hours thhteafer ;
but eupon the failure of the stockholders to
purchase said stock within that tl. ch
stock may be ain to rayy d.- a to
No se eldr shall over be held linbie for
the eetraete, dbss or fulb s said eor"
,Me A m at. o,- i *
-- ~ ~i... -- - "e.
,e .oo -.4 -oo
v=I n=ou) .4=of h::2 L?=U'L
circle of Figure 1, marked with numerals from 1 to 8. Segment are or
curve, 1-7, he called "f"; curve, 2-8, "th"; carve, 4-6, "s"; curve, 5-7,
"sh"; curve, 1-3, "1"; curve, 3-5, "r'. Having thus obtained six con
sonant signs or symbols, he doubles the use of five of these by writing
them heavy and thus giving symbols for the heavy sounds of these five
consonant signs. Thus the sign for "f," written heavy, becomes "v";
"th" (as in "myth") becomes, written heavy, "th" (as.in "with"); "s"
becomes "z"; "1" is written upward or downward, the usefulness of
this segment of the circle is single; "r" written heavy becomes the vowel
sound, "y"! "M1" and "n" are the top and bottom of the circle.
SIR ISAAC WAS STILL SHORT AT LEAST EIGHT CONSONANT
SOUNDS, and he proceeded to use all possible unconfusable radii of the
circle for these missing consonants: Radius, 2-c, he called "p"; 3-c, "t";
4-c, "ch"; 1-c, "k." Observe, please, that there is not a single other seg
ment of the circle or ralius thereof which can be used without imminent
and even hopeless danger or confusion, but he had now all necessary
CONSONANT SOUNDS and the EMBRYO of a system, HOPELESSLY
NONFLUENT, and DESTINED ABSOLUTELY to require, for the reason
of its CUMBERSOMENESS. a vast distionary of word-signs.
HE HAD NOT YET A SINGLE VOWEL SIGN. Of these---in the
writing of English. :hese vowel signs are absolutely imperative, at least:
ah, eh, ee, aw, oh, oo, and (short) a, e, I, (short) o, u, oo.
The device by which Sir Isaac attained their expression is hopelessly
defective, as will be shown. He made position the expression of the vowel,
calling above the line, on the line an'l below the line the three positions.
"Ah," for instance, is indicated by a heavy dot above the line. That
heavy dot on the line or in the middle of the stroke or letter becomes
"eh" and in the last place, "ee." Written light, it becomes the short
sound of the same vowels. Taking a short dash and writing it heavy
in these three positions, he furniased his system the second series of long
or heavy vowel sounds, "aw," "oh," "oo": and, writing them light, the
second series of short vowel signs. "o," "u," "oo" (short). The dip
thongs are arbitrary characters, as are "1," "u."
That is the alphabet of the system for the invention of which Queen
Victoria conferred upon Sir Isaac the great honor of knighthood! With
these signs anything can be written, in some sort of a fashion, but be
fore a man can take testimony or speeches running from 125 to 200
words a minute, or twice as fast as a clock ticks, he has to acquire a
skill, to so make this system a part of him, to so WRITE SOUND (ab
stractly) that the apparent simplicity vanishes and he finds that he is
against practically the problem which kept the immortal Dickens sleep
less, herlng down forest after fores of difficulties even in his dreams.
This article proposes to discuss this matter to a finality--to show
the relative merits of the Spencerian Chartier and Pitman.
It Is not doing so in a spirit of cavil.
It believes in the sublime dignity of the 114-foot craft of Fulton,
which made its way laboriously up the Hudson at five mJles an hour.
But it is certain if the restless progressiveness and energy of man had
been content with it and declared it the finest possible boat that human
genius could build, he would not to-day be crossing the ocean in a little
ever four days on mighty leviathans which are practically safe against
all storm and which breast the fieroest of them without a perceptible
decrease is speedl
This is the age of progress.
Progress impossible if we cling with blinded eyes to opinions which
we have accepted for their age and by reason of no thought which we our
selves have spent.
Progress is possible only as a result of investigation-and Investiga
tlon is the child of freedom from bias, freedom from accepted convention
alities. Fogyism has no place in America.
With all honor to the great intellect of the student who has. in spite
of all the criticism to which his system is open, made it possible for men
to transcribe thought with the swiftness with which it glides from the
tongue, THIS ARTICLE ASKS THAT YOU INVESTIGATE WHAT IT IS
SEEKING TO PUT BEFORE YOU WITH ALL DEFERENCE AND HU
MILITY, BUT WITH A CONVICTION THAT EVERY CLAIM AND AR
GUMENT ADVANCED IS SANE. SOUND. TRUE-WORTHY OF YOUR
ATTENTION, INASMUCH AS THE DAY IS FAST ARRIVING WHEN'
EVERY CHILD IN THE THIRD READER WILL BE LEARNING
SHORTHAND (SPENCERIAN CHARTIER SHORTHAND) WITH AN'I
EASE AND READINESS IMPOSSIBLE IN ANY OTHaUn SYSTEM.
THE GREAT PITMAN'S DIFFICULTIES
Before we go any further in this analysis, and while you have the al- 1
phabet of the Pitman system fresh before you, let me give you another
plate in order that we may make plainer our talk.
I pick this plate at random. It is a Pitman transcript of an utter
ance of the great showman, P. T. Barnum, and here is what he said. writ
ten in longhand:
"As far as business is concerned, I have a particular hobby. My
crase is that every young person, of both sexes, should learn at least
shorthand and typewriting. Here you have mental discipline and knowl
edge together, knowledge, too, that is almost certain at some time to be
convenient and practically available. I cannot conceive that one who
knows these two branches thoroughly will ever need to go hungry in the
present generation, for they have a constantly widening use."
Know Pitman thoroughly! Truly P. T. is a humorist. P. T. was
either ignorant of his subject or joking.
How many there be of these craftsmen in this city of almost 400.000
souls? Count them over-those who really answer P. T.'s description.
You or anyone with the slightest sort of memory can learn that alphabet
which has jlust been given and which, with endless use and practice, can I
enable one to do that speedily, but try, knowing this alphabet, to take a 4
The corporate powers of this company
shall be vested in and exercised by a Board
of Directors of three (3) directors, each of
whom shall own at least ont (1) share of
stock in his own name, a majority of the
board shall constitute a quorum to transact
business. They shall elect from their num
her a president, a vice-president, and a sec
The directors shall be elected annually,
by ballot, by the stockholders, at the ocee
of the company, on the third Thursday of
May of each year, beginning with the year
1912. Each stockholder shall be entitled,
either in person or by proxy, to one vote
for every share of stock held 1y him, and
said election shall be held under such rules
as may be prescribed by the Board of Di
rectors, and a majority of the votes cast at
such meeting shall elect. Henry W. Lmb,
John Albion Saxton and Sylvester Pierce
Walmsley, Jr., are declared to be the frst
Board of Directors of said corporation to
serve until the third Thursday of May, 1912,
or until their successors shall have been
elected and qualified, with Henry W. LImb,
as president, John Albion Baxton as vice
president, and Sylvester Pierce Walmsley,
Jr., as secretary-treasurer.
Any vaeancles oecurring on said board
shall be filled by the remaining directors for
the unexpired term from among the stock
holders; and directors may vote by proxy
or in person.
The Board of Directors shall make and
establish, as well as alter and amend, any
and all by-laws, rules and regulations for
the government of said corporation; and
authority is given the said board to do and
perform, and to embedy in such by-laws.
rules and regulations all the rights and
powers granted to such corporations by
the laws of this state, and not repugnant to
these articles of ineorporation.
This charter may be modiied, changed or
altredl or sad eorporatio msy he die
solved with the asent of three-fourths (3-4)
of the stock repreented at a general meet
Lg of the stocholders caled for that _
pose after ten days' revmous notice
have bee givM to eac stockolder mailed
to his last known residence as it appears
on the books of the corporation.
Whenever tlis esoeatls may be .
-old. either by liUt iss or hany eter
(3), itsesh iIr w be *.to l e be the.t ,
e mst i rClYest at uinusm
for such purpose after ten days' previous
notice shall have been given by mail to
each stockholder and mailed to his last
I known place of residence as It appears on
t the books of the company; said commis
Ssltoners shall remain in omce until after the
affairs of the corporation shall have been
fully settled and liquidated. In case of
death of one or more of said commissioners,.
the vacancy shall be filled by the surviving
Thus done and passed, at my omce, in
this city, the day month and year first
above written, In the presence of Messieurs
Joseph M. Gore, Jr., and Ambrose G. La
Plce, competent witnesses, residing in this
city, who have hereunto signed their names
with appearers and me, notary, after due
reading of the whole.
Original signed: H. W. Lamb, 45 shares;
John Albion Saxton, one share; S. P. Walms
leym Jr., one share.
Witnesses: A. G. LaPice and J. M. Gore,
Jr. HENRY L. SARPY, Not. Pub.
I, the undersigned Recorder of Mortgages
in and for the Parish of Orleans, State of
Louisiana, do hereby certify that the above
and f6tegoing act of incorporation of the
"Southern Film .Exchange" has been this
day duly recorded In my omce, in mortgage
book 1018, follo -.
New Orleans, La., May 12, 1911.
(Signed) UMILE LEONARD, D. R
I, the undersigned Notary, do hereby cer
tify that the above and foregoling is a true
and correct copy of the original act of Is
corporation of the "Southern Film Ex
change" of record In my office.
In faith whereof, I have hereunto set mJ
hand and have affixed the Impress of my oZ
cial seal, on this twelfth (12th) day of the
month of May, A. D. 1911.
HENRY L 8ARPY, Not. Pub.
May 25 June 1 8 15 22 29 1911
OF THE MENDOAs BROS., INC.
UNITUD STATES OF AMERICA. STATE
OF LOUISIANA, CITY OF NEW OR
Be it knowa, that on this fourteenth day
of June, la.the year one thensead lnne hnn
dred and elee, before me, John Wag ,
notary shIE S t eComminded and ena
Ine Ire a the~r e ao Orleans sn City te
Pew Odmsan, themla rsneedb sail. the
speaker at 150 words per minute, and see how thoroughly you re:WI:.
See if you don't find 'our lenil with the same sort of fits that af
flicted that of the great Dickens.
JOKER BARUM'S WIORDS IN SHORTHAND
The above Is the plate showing the transcript in shorthand of Par
num a point of view of shorthand. It is probably written by a man \lho
answers Barnum's description, full of word-signs, correctly used---a ,,pr
First, let us call your attention to the fact that the vowel-signs are'
entirely eliminated-and believe mite when you are taking a slpeeh. y.i,
have no time for vowel-signs with l'lttnan shorthand. TIlE II:.\tS )N
WIlY IT TAKES YOU SO MI'll PI'IR.('TIC'E: TO MAKE Tills SYS':'I'I'
IVALUABLE TO YOU IS TIIAT YOI'I. EYE. YOI'R INSTINCT 'll' ST tl
1TRAINED SO THAT YOUR EYES AL tST' SI'PPI'LY Till'] INVlSiltl.'
AND NON-EXISTING VOWEI.S. In mt·t writing .ou are forceil to dia:
the vowels. We set forth here one proposition of shorthand which diclie'
It is elemental:--'The reading power of any system is based on tite
percentage of vowel sounds you can indicate.
Here is a another truism: ITS SPE1ED IS BASED ON TIlE SI'l.:l11
WITH WICIII YOU CAN 1)O TillS.
From these two axioms it is intlo:sible to get away.
Now, in this light-so clear and :.elf-evident-- let us get at the tr:tn
script of what Joker Barnum sas,. a; transcribed In the i'ltnman :ti t.
,Notice, please, that the very fir.t three words are written as a word
sign-the very first three words. These first three words are "as far as.'
and the Pitman system writes them 'sfrs"! Th. re is not a hint of a vow.el
sound anywhere. In the position' Why shouilti "as' he written in the tirst
position and in the last position, and each time stpe'll "as"? The accuracy
of geometry is sadly deserted in this: "Fr," "far." Is there any possible
reason, conceding for the sake of argument that the "fr" is in the first
position, why this should not be "far." "alar." and since there is mere
position visible, why it should not be "offer?" It is, however, "far" to
the trained eye in Pitman, for the reason that that house there is a house
to your familiar vision. In "business." position pretty well indicates the
word. You have "bs" and "ns," and require no flight of imagination to
anake it out. "Pn" is conventionally in the second position, making it
literally and meaninglessly "open" with the "o" long, as in "mode" or
"pone" (same long o) or "pain" tlong ai, or "pen" (short e), etc.
In short, the "pn" in the second position spells "upon", because it is con
ventionally so accepted. "Concerned" has a little bit of dot before the in
itial circle-s for "con," an "r" cut half its length, thus adding "d and a
little "n"-hook---still the "d," created by the shortening of the "r" is
read after the "n"-hdbk. Here, then, are the consonant signs guiding
the experienced eye in reading "concerned"-"consrnd." "I" is the
"tick" on top of the "v," and "v" is a word-sign for "have." "Iv." in other
words, is "I have." "A" is the dot in the first position. "Particular" is
"p" shortened to half length to show that there !s a "t" or "d" sound
somewhere concealed about its person, and the "p" is begun with an "r"-
hook, although the "r" is read after the "p." Literally, we have "rpt (or
d)" spelling "particular." Another word-sign: "lib" (vowel sounds to
be guessed) "hobby." In a sentence of eleven words, thus, we have
What now is really a word-sign? It is something that has to be
learned and stored away in the memory. When the first eleven words
of the man who says that his'hobby is that every young person should
learn shorthand "thoroughly." are found to contain seven words that
have absolutely to be remembered, it is to be seen at a glance that he is
either ignorant of what he is talking about. or has a large and expansive
sense of humor. This system cannot be taken on and carried as a side
line. One who learns it has to dedicate himself to it as did Dickens. An
other thing, this system cannot be mastered and allowed to rust. Speed,
accuracy, a working order of the possession is maintained by constant
practice and that alone.
There are sixty-eight words in the rest of what P. T. Barnum here
said. There are over forty word-signs in this number. Capacious mem
ory.at this gait, don't you think, to know this language of lines and ares
and circles thoroughly-a big word-sign store-house necessary; and you
cannot pause, you know, when you are writing 150 words a minute to re
call how "I have been," "as for as" "that" "particular," etc., are writ
ten. Pitman is almost impossible with night students.
It is strange, almost remarkable, that an analytical genius such as
must have been the mind that invented and evolved Pitman system did
not reflect that the two greatest impediments in his system were Inflict
ed unabated on all the men and women who studied and the compara
tively few who mastered his system:
A lack of vowel power.
A diminution of speed proportioned to the number of vowel signs
Net result-an absolute necesdlty of an enormous dictionary of word
A difficulty of mastery Increased by every word-sign.
A MULTIPLICATION. IN THE CASE OF EXPERTS, OF WORD
SIGNS SO GREAT AS TO MAKE THE WRITING OF EACH EXPERT A
SYSTEM OF HIS OWN, BASED ON PITMAN. BUT PECULIAR TO THE
WRITER AND ABSOLUTELY UNDECIPHERABLE BY ANY ONE
6 As a matter of my own knowledge I know that Spencerlan Chartler
shorthand can be learned with one-fifth the study required for Pitman;
ig can be written faster than Pitman---it makes fewer strokes in writing
any given matter-and it can be read with an ease never claimed for Pit
man. In fact, people knowing the system, correspond in it and read each
other's writing as though it were longhand or Roman print.
presence of the wlmnesses hereinafter named
and undersigned. personally appeared: the
several persons whose names are hereunto
subscribed, who declared that availing them
selves of the laws of Louisiana, relative to
the organization of corporations, do by
these presents covenant, agree and stipulate
to form themselves, their heirs and assigns
into a corporation and body politic for the
objects and purposes and under the follow
ing stipulations, which they hereby adopt
as thelf charter, to-wit :
The name and title of this corporation
shall be "MENDOLA BROS., IN('.," and its
domicile shall he in the City of New Or
leans, Louisiana, and under said name it
shall have and enjoy a corporate existence
for a period of ninety-nine years from this
date: to sue and be sued; to make and use
a corporate seal, the same to break or alter
at pleasure :; to purchase, hold, own, lease,
acquire, sell, alienate, mortgage pledge prop
erty. both real and personal; to borrow
money and give or receive securities; to
own stock in any other corporation: to con
duct and carry on the business hereinafter
stipulated: to elect and appoint directors
and such oficers, agents and employees as
may be necessary in its business and to do
all things necessary to carry on such busl
The domicile of this corporation shall be
in the City of New Orleans. IA., and all
citation and other legal process shall be
served on the president, or in his absence or
disability on the vice-president.
The objects and purposes for which this
corporation is organised and the nature of
the business to be carried on by It are here
by declared to be ;o manufacture from wood,
paper, press board, tag boards, card board,
straw, manilla and news board and from
other like substances, different kinds of
boxes, cartooy and like receptacles and to
print on and label same: to do printing, em
besling, steel engraving and lithographing
of a general nature, and book and pamphlet
bindina etc., and to undertake any other
enterprise or business which may be ger
mane or whieb may grow out of the objects
and purpoass above enumerated, cad gener
ally to do a neral printing business and to
deal etataly, once furniture and sup
liss. It being optional to carry out any or
alDl of t he obet above named from time to
e withot t.he .aesst of engaging is
oar o mM jdlbmt obmct.
The capital stock of this corporation Is
helby fixed at three thousand dollars. di
vtled Into three hundred shares of the par
value of ten dollars each, which said stock
shall be paid for in cash, or in property,
goods or merchandise, or in services or labor
performed for the corporation; all stock
shall be full paid and non-assessable. No
shares of stock shall be transferred except
on the books of the company and until the
certificate of stock shall be delivered to the
company and cancelled.
All the corporate powers of this corpora
tion and the management and control of its
business, including the power to buy, sell.
mortgage, pledge, or in anywise acquire or
alienate or encumber the property, both real
and personal, shall be vested in and exer
cised by a board of directors composed of
five directors, three of whom shall consti
tute a quorum for the transaction of bus
ne.ss. The board of directors shall be elected
annually on the first Monday of January
at a maetlng of the stockholders called for
that purpose. All such elections shall Ia,
by ballot and conducted at the office of the
company under the supervision of two com
missioners to be appointed by the Ihard of
directors. Each stockholder shall toi enti
tied to one vote on each share of stock held
by him as shown on the books of the com
pany, to be cast in person or by proxy, and
the majority of the votes so east shall elect.
A ten days' notice of such election shall be
given by the Secretary-Treasurer to each
stockholder in person or by mall to his last
known address as shown on the books of the
company. The directors thus elected shall
continue in omee for one year and until their
successors shall have been elected and qual
ified, but a failure to elect directors on
the date designated shall not dissolve the
corporation, but the directors then in ,,mLe
shall remain In omce until their successors
shall be elected and qualified, and shall
cause an election as soon thereafter as pos
sible, after notice shall bave been given as
above specified. Any vacancy oecurring
among the directors by death, resignation or
otherwise shall be filled by the remaining dl
rectors. The board of directors htall at
their first meeting after their election, elect
from its number a president, a vice-presi-l
dent and a secretary-treasurer. Said board
of directors shall have the right to appoint
and discharge such clerks. agents and em
ployees as may be necessary. Certificates of
stock shall bear the signture of the presi
dent and the secretarY-tresnurr. Any of
the dira ectors shall hae the right by writ
ten Istruoeft to depute all powers pus
susiby him or them as such directors to
Tick on" Sae D J to
Sept. 30,it91-. L-it, Octb
ATTRACT THOUSANDS TO
Tickets on Sale Daily, June 1 to
Sept. 30, 1911. Limit, October
June 5 and 6, June11 to 22 and
June 27 to July 5, 1911. Return
Limit Sept. 15, 1911.
TWO TRAINS DAILY VIA
Aoldeso Vtery Low Summer rpain) toa
COLORADO and YELLOW.
STONE NATIONAL PARK.
Excellent Service Afforded by
the Southern Pacific and Con
nections. For full particulars,
('all on or write
CITY TICKET AGENT,
225.227 St. Charles Streeat, New
Orleans. Phone Main 4027.
o Beautifully Illustrated Litera
ture Furnished on Request.
s tch persn oer peraons as they may desib
nalte the partk.s, howa-vcr, must be accept
able Io the oniutord. AIl ni-etngsa of strawk
holhlars. whN·thla-r gEneral or sli.clal. shall
he hIld only after tie ten days nalcve re
lanrl shall be giyven as ailuv h iriovldad for.
'-he firstl Iorlnd ,f dimrectors ofl Iti company
Is Lhrelay d lecrl i.rl to Ihs cat nll,,iii- of Iluils
m. .Mnlolta. Siluon lennlaid, .lanlie Wllle
met..Magathllena ltio ubvtnnl unr I:zilila n a
c rlrlile .Menlits. of whom airn llo ia . b Mendola
shall Is preshtlen. orlntin Mrndoala vlct-prin
idnt. .a;lnlns..i W rllemet sicretairy-I reasurer,
who shall hlolhl ofce tlntlIl thi- first Mollday
aif .taniaslr. I!.12. alnal Iam II t heir sul(c'cessors
shall have Ilscin elected and a.1lIallfid.
No stoct holder shall voc r bh e responsIhble
fuor the conduct or falllr of sald corpora
thin In any further sum than the unpaid Itl
anac that may be due by him to said corpor
allin on the unpalit amount on the shares
of stock owned hy him, nor shall any Infor
mality Itn oirganiation shall have the effect
of rendering this charter null or rpoinmg
the stockholders labhle faor any further
amount than tIa e unpaid Malance due bty
them on their stock s ubcriptlon.
This act of corporatlon may ie amendoad.
altered or modltluid, or this ncrporatlon my
be dslulved biy a vote of thrueefou-tbr of
the capital stock present or nrerdnted a at
a ameeting olf the stockhalalh rs cal led for that
pnllrpose, after the ten days" notice aa pre
Whenever this corporatlh n Is dilsolved.
either by limitation or o tlerwisce, Its affairsn
shall le lylqllddated unnder the siiliitrlrlion of
thlree lilllilatsors I tee atImlnt.atd from among
iah sltackhllatdars at a eecltlng of the stotk-*
hoallers callh-y for that purpose after the
In datiys' natlIe raelalret alave. said Ilqul
idatars shall ranianrl In offlce uintl the affatrl
of the nomlitiy are lillquidated, and
any vackany oca-urrlng In tlHair number thall
Ia- tlli'd lay the renalinlnm Illaluldstors, who
shall c.intinlli to act itllrlnm saild vacaney.
Said Ilolalatfuirs shall have tl a Iiwer to sell
anaT ditsone of the prailarly ant assets of
tlhe corlporatlion, either at pIrivate ior pnblle
sule fair nslch |l)idie and oam such tirms and
ca.ndtlons as they e itm ba-s.t atanl ot accept
nit alga all acts. aiaIs anal ailaar tistru
mrints -Icrssary in the wrenta-s. In Ilhql
alrlna the afinr o thear i .olalMny satid II
qulalatorrs shall atlstrylu the rshlaue. after
aiyment of tla-,ts and Ilaabllitlas. anrong the
stioakhitters proa ratamll- atchar-l ing to the
nultlteur of shares hald by tllairll.
T'ai'aa diane anal ¢lautsi·si-l in tliy oailce, 3117
Caarandelm t stric t. ian the ,I;:, month and
year hereIn first isa,,p wltt-rlt. In the pres
en aa oif Msslar: William c'hrliatlanson and
Jltln J. JM.u" otskay. an.tln ,a-t wittnewss.
wlio hi-reunta sldn tleldr nstIIpf wilth amid
a irita-lr s atnd ma-, notary. aftar due reading
of the w haile,r and thae sald amlia borars aeclar
Ina that thr y plsatal afta-r ttleI r srinatures
the naimlrer of share-s of staw-k .itascrlbed by
liem. wlhlroa lh.ay hnrey aSilt as thlIr orig
Irial stua-k ofca-iarlptlaan list.
NiwOriinal slglt-., Na1IiaI omitted.
(Witnesses: William ChrltlanuAn. John J.
Mc'lokey. JNiO. WaNR.a Not. Pub.
I. the indtersignedw Recordt,. of .Mortgages.
In anal for the parish of irhlniiia. .tate of
Ioltlslana, do hereby e.rtlfy that tha- above
and foregoing act of Ini-arpratlain of the
Ma-ndola Bros., Inc., wa-i ths day duly re
corded In my offc. In hook li.is, folIo 7T.
N,,w Orleans, Jumie 15. 1911.
(SIgned) EMILF2 IEONARItI, D. .
A true copy from the original on file In
JNO. WAGNER. Not. Pub.
June 22 29 July 6 13 20 27 11