Newspaper Page Text
ma p eN A
Pitman-Spencjan Charger By J. M. REASER, Prin. Com'L Department.
MONGO the feremost novelists of the yorld and time was Charles
Dicker.s. a parliamentary shorthand reporter. He studied and
used a sýytem to which I am going to devote reverential atten
Like Robert Fulton's steamboat it was the first system-at least
It the English s: eaking race.
The only differeneI is that Fulton's achievement is unquestionably'
is progenitor of ou:r mighty ocean greyhounds, our battleships, our'
-dta-ias. Fulton's craft grew. The parent Pitman did not. It re
piwd an approach to the subject entirely different from that for the
aIuisg of which Flr Isaac was knighted, to attain a result whose simpli
-. ease, legibi itY and reading power destines it to rule the world-the
pgNCERIAN ('I! \RTIE:R System o Shorthand. Remember those words
."AN APPROA('I TO THE SUBJECT ENTIRELY DIFFERENT."
David Copperfleld (which is, most of the time, simply a character
Oa by Dickens f'r his own autobiography) thus describes the trials and,
gk-hstions of the weary and heart-rending time he had in learning Pit
gso to prepare himself to report Parliament-AND THERE IS NOT A
O1N WHO ATTAINS THIS PROFICIENCY IN PITMAN WHO WILL
Iii TELL YOt' TIHAT HIS TRIALS HAVE BEEN JUST AS GREAT.
AND THE TIME HE HAS TAKEN AS LONG.
* "I bought an improved scheme of the noble art and MYSTERY of
raphy, which cost me ten and sixpence, and plunged into a sea of
M.llsity that brought me, in a few weeks, to the confines of distrao
ns. The changes that were rung upon dots, which, in such position,
masst such a thing, and in such another position something else entirely
srsat; the wonderful vagaries that were played by circles; the unao
sls be consequences that resulted from marks like files' legs; the tre
seues effects of a curve in a wrong place, not only troubled my waking
se , bat reappeared before in my sleep. When I had groped my way
galy through these difficulties. and had mastered the alphabet, which
WU Egyptian temple in Itself, there appeared a procession of new
aies called arbitrary characters--the most despotic characters I have
Wn aewa. When I had fixed these wretches in my mind, I found that
L hlad driven everything else out of it; then, beginning again. I forgot
*g; while I was picking them up, I dropped the other fragments of the
Y .--in short, it was almost heart-breaking."
This is Charles Dickens' own aocount of his struggles with what may
skled the parent system of all shorthand now in vogue.
It i a vivid and true picture n the struggles of the best and bright
t amsle who undertake, with this medium, to report so exacting and
elt a kind of work as debates and speeches-with this exception:
lam NEVER LEARN PITMAN, IN SPITE OF EFFORT. OTHERS
3MU ACQUIRE A FAMILIARITY WITH WHAT THEY WRITE
ggI AS TO ENABLE THEM TO TRANSCRIBE IT ACCURATELY AND
. TO EXAMINE WHY THIS IS SO-TO LAY BEFORE YOU WHY IT
9_ 80 WITH THE WONDERFUL SPENCERIAN CHARTIUR 8YS
3 THE AIM OF THESE COMPARATIVE ANALYSES.
Mr Isaac Pitman was born in 1813. O
, le was a scholarly thinker.
Is 1837 he published what he called "Stenographic Soundhand."
The system, the invention of a trained, logical and well-ordered In
Srelects those intellectual qualities.
Yes man trace the mental process by which Sir Isaac devised the al
Wich once ruled the stenographic world.
:r aeac, a graduate of the British Normal College, fell back on the
smeful circle; the angle or slant of straight lines, and finally sno
i scomposing an alphabet, itself easily remembered, but, used as
system, presenting difficulties it requires months sand years
so thoroughly as to be able to take testimony, speeehes eta,
IL In some instances, a heavy percentage, this mastery is neve
LsId Mk Into this, first tracing the steps of Sir Isadcs plems
ad them analyse why this system, having no referenooe to lrgish
o the Ingrained habit of the mind by which people spell sad
usbgand, requires so much study and work of the stadet of t
he e master it.
* ie took a circle and out It up Into as many parts as weoll a
to as the segmeats or ares as symbols for consonant somadl
seamtules. This is indiested by the points checked OR In the
T 3rwe too "l'`
SAerica, 8tate of Loo
brsh of Orleans.
lhat on this niaeteent.
et June, in the year of
bhndred and eleven. te
WEston Balley. a aotary
and qualiied Is
of Orleans, therein re
/o imeence of witnesses
a nadersigaed, person
the several persona
hereunto subscribed, wh
that, availing themselve
Of the laws of this state
sngalsation of corpora
eomenanted and agreed
tesents covenant and
lves, as well as all
1 hereafter become as
to form and constitute
politie in law, tor
and under the
til of this corporaeion
Mississippi Oil and
Company, and by that
aid enjoy corporate ex
for period of two-
from date hereof with
tion of and for the
ua hereinaftter et
Sbe sued; to acquire
ad personal, by puar
and the same to
, hypothecate or
to appoint or elect
mbung'ers or other
SIts buliness may re
a corporate seal,
at pleasure: and In
law to corporations
rporation shall to
stte ot L.em
and other 4eal
process shall be served upon the president,
or In his absence upon the vice presldent,
or in the absence pt both. upon the secre
The objects and purposes for which this
corporation is organised and the business
to be carried on by it, are hereby declared
to be : To explore, mine and operate for
oil, gas, salt, sulphur and other minerals;
to purchase, bold and improve and sell
real estate, oil, gas and other develop
ments; erect, own and operate oil refneries
and manufacturing plants, market the i
roducts ot same and to conduct a general
usiness of developing the cpoporate hold
The capital stock of this corporation is
hereby flied at the sum of fifty thousand C
($50,000) dollars, divided into and repre
sented by five hundred shares of the par
value of one hundred ($100.00) dollars
each, widch stock shall be paid for in cash,
or may be issued In payment of or for serv
Ices rendered, rights or property actually t
received by the said corporation.
All the corporate powers of this corpo
ation shall be vestd in and exercised by
a board of three (3) directors, a majority
of whom shall constitute a quorum for the c
transaction of business.
Bald directors shall be elected at a ge- t
eral meeting of the stockholders to be
held on the second Tuesday in January of b
Notice of smeh meetings, and of all other
meetings not otherise provided for by law,
shall be gvea in writinga to ak stockhold
er, b maling same to such stockholder's
last nown address, ten days before each
At the first meeting of the board of dl
rectors after its election it shall elect from
amog Its own camber a presidet, vice
president and a sserety-t surer; ad an l al
vacancies occurring shall be filled by the
remaining directors, for the unexpired t
Until the second Tuesday in January, (
1912, the following shall eonstitute the t
first hoard of direeta, anaely : P. Charles
avaro Henry tWrth and Oliver H. de I&
morton with te said . Charles Cavaon
resnt the sai 0. . de lar rten as;
sad the iu Ima M Wth asn
.JL thY se. rve
mass ~ seasee see elegie
-. ..... -.. .. _.- --.
e oe Bm o f
" PQ .00o 04 -00
v=rf , .oW,4=oir'vij L.
circle of Figure 1, marked with numerals from 1 to 1. Segment are or
curve, 1-7. he called "f"; curve, 2-3, "th"; curve, 4-6. "s"; curve, 5-7,
"sh"; curve. 1-3, "1"; curve. 3-5, "r". Having thus obtained six con
sonant signs or symbols, he doubles the use of five of these by writing
them heavy and thus giving symbols for the heavy sounds of these five
consonant signs. Thus the sign for "f," written heavy. becomes "v";
"th" (as in "myth") becomes, written heavy. "th" (as In "with"); "s'
becomes "a"; "1" is written upward or downward, the usefulness ol
this segment of the circle is single; "r' written heavy becomes the vowel
sound, "y"! "MI" and "n" are the top and bottom of the circle.
SIR ISAAC WAS STILL SHORT AT LEAST EIGHT CONSONANT
SOUNDS, and he proceeded to use all possible unconfusable radii of the
circle for these missing consonants: Radius, 2-c, he called "p"; 3-c, "t";
4-c, "ch"; 1-c, "k." Observe, please, that there is not a single other seg
ment of the circle or ralius thereof which can be used without imminent
and even hopeless danger or confusion, but he had now all necessary
CONSONANT SOUNDS and the EMBRYO of a system, HOPELESSLY
NONFLUENT, and DESTINED ABSOLUTELY to require, for the reason
of its CUMBERSOMENESS. a vast distionary of word-signs.
HE HAD NOT YET A SINGLE VOWEL SIGN. Of these-in the
writing of English, these vowel signs are absolutely imperative, at least:
ah, eh, ee, aw. oh, oo, and (short) a, e, I, (short) o, a, oo.
The device by which Sir Isaac attained their expression is hopelessly
defective. as will be shown. He made position the expression of the vowel,
calling above the line, on the line and below the line the three positions.
"Ah," for instance, is indicated by a heavy dot above the line. That
heavy dot on the line or in the middle of the stroke or letter becomes
"eh" and in the last place, "ee." Written light, it becomes the short
sound of the same vowels. Taking a short dash and writing it heavy
In these three positions, he furnished his system the second series of long
or heavy vowel sounds, "aw," "oh," "oo"; and, writing them light, the
second series of short vowel signs. "o," "u," "oo" (short). The dip
thougs are arbitrary characters, as are "l," "a."
That is the alphabet of the system for the invention of which Queen
Victoria conferred upon Sir Isaac the great honor of knighthood! With
these signs anything can be written, in some sort of a fashion, but be
fore a man can take testimony or speeches running from 125 to 200
words a minute, or twice as fast as a clock ticks, he has to acquire a
skill, to so make this system a part of him, to so WRITE SOUND (ab
stractly) that the apparent simplicity vanishes and he finds that he is
against practically the problem which kept the immortal Dickens sleep
less, hewing down forest after fores of difficulties even in his dreams.
This article proposes to discuss this matter to a finality-to show
the relative merits of the Spenoerlan Chartler and Pitman.
It is not doing so In a spirit of cavil.
It believes in the sublime dignity of the 114-foot craft of Fulton,
whiMeh made its way laboriously up the Hudson at five miles an hour.
But it is eartain i the restless progressiveness and energy of man had
been content with it sad declared it the finest possible boat that human
genius could build, he would not to-day be crossing the ocean in a little
over four days en mighty leviathans which are practically safe against
all storm sad which breast the Sierest of them without a perceptible
decrease Ia speedl
This is the ase of progress.
Progress is impossible if we oling with blinded eyes to opinions which
we have aocepted for their age sad by reason ofet no thought which we our
selves have spaet
Progress is pssible only as a result of investiation--ead tavestigs
tion is the child of freedom from bias, freedom from aecepted convention
ailtes. Fogysm has as place in Amerlca.
With all homer to the great intellect of the studenat who has. in spite
of all the criticism to which his system is open, made it possible for men
to transcribe thought with the swiftness with whioh it glide from the
Ltongue THIS ARTICLE ASKS THAT YOU INVESTIGATE WHAT IT IS
SBmKING TO PUT BEORW3 YOU WITH ALL DIDWRINCE AND HU
MILIT,Y. BUT WITH A CONVICTION THAT EVERY CLAIM AND AR
G~UMENT ADVANCED IS BANW, BOUND, TRU--WORTHY OP YOUR
ATTENTION, INASMUCH AS THE DAY IS FAST ARRIVING WHEN
EVERY CHILD IN THE THIRD READER WILL B3 LEARNING
SHORTHAND (SPENCERIAN CHARTIER SHORTHAND) WITH AN
AsAn AND READINESS IMPOSSIBLd IN ANY OTELa SYSTEM.
THE GREAT PITMAN'S DIFFICULTIES
Btfee* we go any further ia this analysis, ad while you have the al
phabet of the Pitman system fresh before you, let me giv you another
platoe s order that we may make plainer our talk.
I pk this plate at ranadom. It is a Pitmsa transript of ana tter
ace of the great showman, P. T. Barnum, and here is what he said, writ
tea in leghand:
"As tar as bausnem is eonerned. I have a particular hobby. My
ase is that every young person, of both sexes, should slearn at least
horthand and typewriting. Here you have mental discipline and knowl
adge together, knowledge, too, that is almost certain at some time to be
aonvenlest and practically available. I cannot conceive that one who
knows these two branches thoroughly will ever need to go hungry in the
present generation, for they have a constantly widening use."
Know Pitman thoroughly! Truly P. T. is a humorist. P. T. was
ilthor Ignorant of his subject or joking.
How many there be of these craftsmen In this city of almost 400,000
aist? Count them over-those who really answer P. T.'s description.
Yaou or anyone with the slightest sort of memory can learn that alphabet
which has jlst been given and which, with endless use and practice, can
aable one to do that speedily, but try, knowtin this alphabet, to take a
,t At all meetings of the stockholders each
,t, stockholder shall be entitled to one vote
e- for each share of stock owned by him and
such shares may be voted in person or
by proxy. rICI VI
is This act of incorporation may be amend
as ed, or this corporation dissolved by and
d with the consent of two-thirds of the en
)r tire capital stock represented In person or
1; by proxy, at a general meeting called for
II the purpose after written notice as provid
p- ed for by law.
M In case of the dissolution of the corpora
ke tion, ts affairs shall be liquidated by two I
Il commissioners elected from among the
d- stockholders at a meeting called for that
purpose, or at the meeting at which the dis
solution is voted, and they shall serve until
the afairs of the corporation are liquidated.
Should either of the commissioners, for any
is reason, be unsable to act, the remaining
id commisploner shall All the vacancf.
No stockholder of this corporation shall
:. be held liable for the contracts or faults of I
ly this corporation beyond the unpaid hal
ance due on the stock subscribed for by
him: nor shall any Informality in organi- I
sation hvre the effect of rendering this
charter null, or of exposing any stock
?. holder to any liability beyond the unpaid
y balance due on his stoek.
y Thus done and passed before me, notary,
,e at the city of New Orleans, on the day,
month and year frst heretnabove written in
s. the presence of Albert J. Taper and Flor
oe esce Flynn, competent witnesses, who have
pt hereunto signed together with said appear- I
ers and me, notary, after due reading of
Original Signed: Prof . O. . de Lamor- I
1 toe, one share; P. C. Cavaroc, two hundred
. and thirty-eight shares ; Henry Wlrth, one
Sshare. Albert J. Taper, Florence Flynn.
(Seal) J. KENTON BAILEY,
e I, the undersigned, Recorder of Mort
11 gages, In and for the perish of Orleans,
e State of Louisiana, do hereby certify that
d the above and foregoing act of Incorpora- 1
tion of the So. Miss. Oil and Land Devel.
º* Co. was this day duly recorded In my oice
ia Book 1018, blo 4.
5a New Orleans, June 20, 1911.
L- (Signed) MILhE LBONARD, D. B.
ec Atrue copy of the orinahl act of acor
5 pomrtio eaxtat and ea fie tn m e 1d
S (Seal) L. >DMTOI BAII I
juea -a rdaary atbi/ 1
muareing the Bank of England.
The Bank of England's nightly guat
Is drawn from the guards stationed in
the Tower of Loudon. The custom of
providing a little garrison of guards
for the Bank of England every night
dates back to 1780, the time of the
Gordon riots. The troops are made
very comfortable in the bank. and the
offcer in command is provided with a
dinner for himself and two friends.
Of course an allowance of wine, sat
lafactory from both points of view, is
made. The vaults of the Bank of Eng
land would make fine robbing They
frequently contain fifty millions ster
lng. Several keys are necessary to
open the lock to the whitewashed
vaults, and each key is in the posses
don of a different person. The gold
lies piled on trucks to facilitate re
moval or is heaped against the walls
A Spanish Custom.
It Is customary throughout Spain for
the waiters of cafes to fll a glass of
wine or liquor so that it overflows
upon the saucer. This custom, in
which it is desired to show an appear
ance of liberality, is called "the foot
OF THE MENDOLA BEOS., INC.
UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, 8TATE
OF LOUISIANA, CITY OF NEW OR
Be it khown, that on this foarteeath day
Jt Jane, Ih the year ee thoeusad alasm ha
red mad sp s bse me, ol Wagner, ar
tr ek 6' or rldesas mi city of
new odsmas therean ssuig ase Is the
speaker at 150 words per m!nute. anl see how thoroughly you really
See if you don't find o:iur l.rnt with the saule sort of fits that af
flicted that of the great )il-kers
JOKER BARUM'S WORDS IN SHORTHAND
The above is the plate showing the transcript in shorthand cf Bar
num's point of view of shorthand. It is probably written by a man who
answers Barnum's description, full of word-signs, correctly used--a per
First, let us call your attention to the fact that the vowel-signs are
entirely eliminated-and believe ie m when you are taking a speech, you
have no time for vowel-signs with Pitman shorthand. TIIE IREASON
WHY IT TAKES YOU SO MUICII PRA('TICE TO MAKE TilIS SYSTEM
VALUABLE TO YOU IS THAT YOUR EYE,. YOUR INSTINCT MI'ST t.ii:
TRAINED SO THAT YOUR EYES AL.MOST SI'PPLY TIIE TNVISiIIl.i"
AND NON-EXISTING VOWE.LS. In tast writing you are forced to drop
the vowels. We set forth here one proposition of shorthand which defi,,s
It is elemental:--The reading power of any system is based on thc
percentage of vowel sounds you can indicate.
Here is a another truism: ITS SPEED IS BASED ON THE SPEEDII
WITH WHICH YOU CAN DO TillS.
From these two axioms it is impossible to get away.
Now, in this light-so clear and self-evident-let us get at the tran
script of what Joker Barnum says, as transcribed in the Pitma:n system.
Notice, please, that the very first three words are written as a word
sign-the very first three words. These first three words are "as far as."
and the Pitman system writes them 'sfrs"! There is not a hint of a vowel
sound anywhere. In the position! Why should "as" he written in the first
position and in the last position, and each time spell "as"? The accuracy
of geometry is sadly d. serted in this: "Fr," "far." Is there any possible
reason, conceding for the sake of argument that the "fr" Is in the first
position, why this shculd not be "far," "afar," and since there is mere
position visible, why it should not be "offer?" It is, however, "far" to
the trained eye in Pitman, for the reason that that house there is a house
to your familiar vision. In "business." position pretty well indicates the
word. You have "be" and "ns." and require no flight of imagination to
make it out. "Pn" is conventionally in the second position, making it
literally and meaninglessly "open" with the "o" long, as in "mode" or
"pone" (same long o) or "pain" Ilong a), or "pen" (short e), etc.
In short, the "pn" in the second position spells "upon", because it is con
ventionally so accepted. "Concerned" has a little bit of dot before the in
itial circle-s for "con," an "r" cut half its length, thus adding "d and a
little "n"-hook---till the "d." created by the shortening of the "r" is
read after the "n"-hook. Here, then', are the consonant signs guiding
the experienced eye in reading "concerned"-"consrnd." "I" is the
"tick" on top of the "v," and "v" is a word-sign for "have." "Iv," in other
words, is "I have." "A" is the dot In the first position. "Particular" is
"p" shortened to half length to show that there is a "t" or "d" sound
somewhere concealed about its person, and the "p" is begun with an "r"
hook, although the "r" is read after the "p." Literally, we have "rpt (or
d)" spelling "particular." Another word-sign: "Hb" (vowel sounds to
be guessed) "hobby." In a sentence of eleven words, thus, we have
seven word-signs. "
What now to really a word-sign? It is something that has to oe
learned and stored away in the memory. When the first eleven words
of the man who says that his hobby is that every young person should
learn shorthand "thoroughly." are found to contain seven words that
have absolutely to be remembered. It Is to be seen at a glance that he is
either ignorant of what he is talking about, or has a large and expansive
sense of humor. This system cannot be taken on and carried as a side
line. One who learns it has to dedicate himself to it as did Dickens. An
other thing, this system cannot be mastered and allowed to rust. Speed,
aocuracy, a working order of the possession is maintained by constant
praetiee and that alone.
There are sixty-eight words in the rest of what P. T. Barnum here
said. There are over forty word-signs in this number. Capacious mem
ory at this gait, don't you think, to know this language of lines and arcs
sad drcles thoroughly-a big word-ilgn store-house necessary; Od you
eannot pause, you know, when you are writing 150 words a minute to re
call how "I have been." "as far as" "that" "Particular," etc., are writ
ten. Pitman is almost impossible with night students.
It is strange, almost remarkable, that an analytical genius such as
eaust have been the mind that invented and evolved Pitman system did
rnot reflect that the two greatest impediments In his system were nllect
ed unabated on all the men and women who studied and the eompara
tively few who mastered his system:
A lack of vowel power.
A diminution of speed proportioned to the number of vwel signs
Not result-as absolute necessity of an enormous dltemiary of word
A difficulty of mastery Increased by every word-sign.
A MULTIPLICATION, IN THE CASE OF EXPERTS, OF WORD
SIGNS SO GREAT AS TO MAKE THE WRITING OF EACH EXPERT A
SYSTEM OF HIS OWN, BASED ON PITMAN, BUT PECULIAR TO THE
WRITER AND ABSOLUTELY UNDECIPHERABLE BY ANY ONE
1 As a matter of my own knowledge. I know that Spencerian Chartier
shorthand can be learned with one-ffth the study required for Pitman;
it can be written faster than Pitman--it makes fewer strokes in writing
any given matter-and it can be read with an ease never claimed for Pit
man. In fact, people knowing the system, correspond in It and read eaEb
other's writing as though it were longhand or Roman prlnt
presence of the witnesses hereinafter named
and undersigned, personally appeared: the
several persons whose names are hereunto
subscribed, who declared that availing them
selves of the laws of Loulsiana. relative to
the organisation of corporations, do by
these presents covenant, agree and stipulate
to form themselves, their heirs and assigns
into a corporation and body politic for the
objects and purposes and under the follow
ing stipulations, which they hereby adopt
as their charter, to-wlt:
The name and title of this corporation
shall be "MENDOLA BROS.. INC.," and Its
domicile shall be in the City of New Or
leans,. Louisiana, and under said name it
shall have and enjoy a corporate existence
for a period of ninety-nnle years from this
date; to sue and be sued; to make and use
a corporate seal, the same to break or alter
at pleasure; to purchase, hold, own, lease,
acquire, sell, alienate, mortgage pledge prop
erty, both real and personal; to borrow
money and give or receive securities; to
own aock in any other corporation; to con
duct and carry on the business hereinafter
stipulated; to elect and appoint directors
and such omers, agents and employees as
may be necessary in its business and to do
all things necessary to carry on such busi
The domicile of this corporation shall be
in the City of New Orleans, La., and all
citation and other legal process shall be
served on the president, or In his absence or
disability on the vice-president.
The objects and purposes f e which this
corporation is orgalised and tie nature of
the business to be carried on b) it are here
by declared to be to manufactar from wood,
paper, press board, tag boards, card board,
straw, manilla and news board and from
other like substances, diferent kinds of
boxes, cartoons and like receptacled and to
print on and label same; to do printing, em
bossing, steel engraving and lithographing
I of a general nature, and book and pamphlet
binding, etc., and to undertake any other
enterprise or buslness which may be ger
mane or whleh may grow out of the objects
and purposes above enumerated, and gener
Sally to do a general printing busianess and to
deal in statleert, offie furniture and sup
Splies. It beln optoal to carr oaut any or
I all of the object abvse snamed from time to
Stime withbeat the eeity of engaging in
an et mU ummet eMet.
The capital stock of this corporation is
hereby fined at three thousand dollars, df
vided into three hundred shares of the par
value of ten dollars each, which said stock
shall be paid for In cash, or in property,
goods or merchandise, or In services or labor
performed for the corporation; all stock
shall be full paid and non-assessable. No
shares of stock shall be transferred except
on the books of the company and until the
certlficate of stock shall be delivered to the
company and cancelled.
All the corporate powers of this corpora
tlon and the management and control of Its
business, Including the power to buy, sell.
mortgage, pledge, or In anywise acquire or
alienate or encumber the property, both real
and personal, shall be vested In and exer
clsed by a board of directors composed of
five directors, three of whom shall consti
tute a quorum for the transaction of busl
ness. The board of directors shall be elected
annually on the first Monday of January
at a meeting of the stockholders called for
that purpose. All such elections shall be
by ballot and conducted at the offce of the
company under the supervision of two com
missioners to be appointed by the board of
directors. Each stockholder shall be enti
tiled to one vote on each share of stock held
by him as shown on the books of the com
pany, to be cast in person or by proxy, and
the majority of the votes so cast shall elect.
A ten days notice of such election shall be
given by the Secretary-Treasurer to each
stockholder in person or by mall to his last
known address as shown on the books of the
company. The directors thus elected shall
continue in ofee for one year and until thelr
successors shall have been elected and qual
ified, but a failure to elect directors on
the date designated shall not dissolve the
corporation, burt the directors then in omfie
shall remain in omce until their successors
shall be elected and qualified, and shall
cause an election as soon thereafter as pos
sible, after notice shall have been given as
above specified. Any vacancy occurring
among the directors by death, resignatlon or
otherwise shall be filled by the remaining di
rectors. The hoard of directors shall at
their first meeting after their election, elect
from Its number a president, a vice-presi
dent and a secretary-treasurer. Sald boar
of directors shall have the right to appoint
and diseharge such clerks, agents and em
ployees as may e nessary. Certificates of
stock ahall bear the signature of the presi
dent and the seeretary.trealr. Any of
the directors shall havve the right by writ.
te inatruhent to depute all powers poe.
miS by him or them asuch s ltsetocs to
lor I i ei
, ic. o Sa Diy, : e 1 t'
Se t. 3' 19 1 I m . t + l.' o b;r b
Very Low I
31 , 191.
ATTRACT THOUSANDS TO
ali rnI A
Tickets on Sale Daily, June 1 to
Sept. 30, 1911. Limit, October
June 5 and 6, June 11 to 22 and
June 27 to July 5, 1911. Return
Limit Sept. 15, 1911.
TWO TRAINS DAILY VIA
Also Very Low Summer rates to
COLORADO and YELLOW.
STONE NATIONAL PARK.
Excellent Service Afforded by
the Southern Pacific and Con
nections. For full particulars,
Call on or write
CITY TICKET AGENT,
225227 St Charles Street, New
Orans. Phone Main 401t27.
Beautifully Illustrated Liters.
'ture Furilshed on Request.
such perseon or persons as they may detui
nate, the parties, however, m1ust e aceqpit
able to the board. All meetings of stock.
holders, whether general or special, hball
be held only sfter the ten days hovere
quired shall be given as above provided or.
The frst board of directors of the company
is hereby declared to be composed of [aui
(. Mendola. Simon Mendola. James 'Wills.
met, Magdalena IGlovanni and Eslida 6a.
cerdote Mendosla, of whom ulus a. Medolas
shall be president. Simon Mendola vicegre
ident, James Willemet secretary-treasurer,
who shall hold o nce until the irst Monday
of January, 1912. and until their succueors
shall havre been elected and qualled.
No stockholder shall ersver be responsible
flor the conduct or failure of said core*
tion in any further sum than the aunsaid al
ance that may be due by him to said corpor
ation on the unpaid amount on the shares
of stock owned by him, nor shall any ilnor
mality in organiasation shall have the efect
of rendering this charter null or epoelag
the stockholders liable for any fiurther
amount than the uDnpaid balance due by
them on their stock subecriptlo.
r This act of corporation may be amended,
haltered or modt.ied, or thl corporation may
be dilssolved by a vote of three fiourths of
r the capital stock present or rep resented at
Sa meeting of the stockholders called for that
purpose, after the ten days notice as pre
e ARTICLE VIII.
Whenever this corporatlion is dissolved,
either ly limitation or otherwise, its atairs
shall be liquidated under the stpervlston of
- three liqitdntors to be appointed from amornrg
al the utockholders at a meeting of the stock
holders called for that purpose after the
ten days' notice required above. Sald liqul
I dators shall remain itn oe until the affair
of the company are fully liquidated, and
fany rvacancy occurring in their number shall
- be filld by the remaining liquidators., who
- shall continue to act during said vacancy.
I theald liquilators shall have the power to sil
I ant dispose of the property and assets of
r the corporation, either at private or pabdle
Ssale for such price and on nruch terms and
Sconditions as they deeom best, ani to accept
- and asign all acts, deeds and other instru
i ments necessary in the premises. in liqut
- dating the afairs of the company said II
i quidators shall distribute the residue, after
- payment of debts and liabilities, among the
Sstockholders pro ratable according to the
number of shares held by them.
e Thus done ant pnasteid in my ofcre, .317
SCarondelet strret, on the day, month and
t year herein first above written, in the pres
Sence of Mesllars William hrintianron and
I John J. Mct'loskey, competent witnesses,
Swho htoreontd sign their namen, with said
dappearers and me, notary. after die readaing
of the whole, and the said appi'arerst dclar
e ing that they placed after their signatures
the number of shares of stockr subscribed by
them, which they hereby adopt as their orig
s11 nal stock subscription list.
(Original sl~osu Names ormitteld.
Witnesses: William Christianson, John J,
g McCloskey. Jro. Wanxua, Not. P'ua
It I, the undersigned, Itecorder of Mortgages,
.t in and for the parish of p rleans. State of
h On rtlosna. do hereby certify that tpte above
I. and foreguping act of Incortoratlitn of the
I \tendola Bros., Inct., was this nIy dinly re
mt corled in my oe, in bootk 1018, folio IL727.
- New orleans, June 15, 1911.
,f (Signedj EMILE LEONARD, D. R.
si A true copy from the original on tle in
t. my office.
so c JNO. WAGNER. Not. Pub
so the wh oleJu 8 13 20 2T 11