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it by, night or trip
E. L. KNIGHT
I D. MAmmELLI
OR OF OPTICS
it OfiC -Cm.luary Buildnlag
inctly understood."Each case
red. Each eye is scientific
h patient gets the earnest in
ed eye specialist [just as if a
were charged.] If glasses
1geded. I frankly tell you so. If they
: make the ones that precise I
moderately for them.
gepses quickly replaced
find the freshest
hoicest stock i n
that is a credit'
Henry & Son
to It Right"
P-. O N4S
For your child's comfort and
your. pocket-books benefit, try
a pair of Red-Riding-Rood Pla
shofs for your boy or girl.
also guaranteed to
wear longer than
any other brand.
Dr. Chas. F. Amacker
Hours 8 a. m. to 12 m.
1 to 5 p. m.
Office in the
Bridge Work a Specialty
t E.A. PIERCE, M. D.
GENERAL PRACTICE t
Hours 8 to 11 a. m.
2to 4 p.m.I
OFFICE IN + E
Seople's Drug Store
Columbia St. a
PHONE 97. a
DR. J. M. BRUMFIELD I
--- Dentist -- -
HOURS 8 a. m. to 12 m. s.
1 to 5 p. m. to 5p.m.
COMMISSARY BUILDING ti
DRes. Phone, 185.
Office over Washington
Bank and Trust Co.
C. ELLIS OTT Ri
S ATTORNEY-AT-LAW ce
SOffice in the City Drug Store
Building ::::: Upstairs.
SANDERS & JOHNSON roi
LAW OFFICES th
Washington Bank and Trust
BOGALUSA, LA. ha
Will Practice In State and C
BENJ. M. MILLER
Office Over the Pot Office m
OGALUSA, LA. ga'
'" XAMPLE OF FIRST LOCOMOTIVE
Firt Railroad Train In New York, With the Locomotiv6 "De Witt ClInton."
DATE ONLY FROM 18291
FIRST AMERICAN LOCOMOTIVE
THEN HAD INITIAL RUN;
On Tracks Entirely of Wood It At.
tained a Speed of Ten Miles an
Hour-Introduction of "Grass.
The first locomotive looked more
like a huge grasshopper than anything
else. There was no cabin on it, and
the engineer had to stand up while
it was in operation.
The astonishing performance of
"The Rocket" in England led to the
introduction of steam engines in
this country. In 1829 Horatio Allen
operated the first locomotive tried out
in America; it ran on tracks made en
tirely of wood. Spectators at the trial
were afraid to venture on the engine,
and many of them urged the daring
Allen to give up the experiment, as it
j was bound to end in disaster. Allen
laughed at their fears, and, pulling the
_ throttle wide open, he dashed off at
the terrific speed of ten miles an
In 1831 Phineas David of Pennsyl
vania designed an engine for the Bal
timore & Ohio railroad. It was the
first of the grasshopper type, and did
good work for many years. Three of
these grasshopper engines designed
by Davis for the same railroad were' in
active service for over fifty years-a
In 1831 Matthew Baldwin, founder
of the Baldwin Locomotive works, de
signed an engine called "Old Iron
sides." It was tried out on the Phil
adelphia & Norristown railroad and
made a speed of 30 miles an hour. It
weighed something over five tons. It
was used only in fair weather, and
when it rained horses were used to
draw the cars.
From this date rapid improvement
was made in the construction of the
locomotive. The railroads were be
ginning to handle a large business, but
their methods of management were
so crude that many fearful wrecks re.
Powerful Electric Locomotive.
During the year 15 'powerful elec
tric passenger locomotives have been
placed in service on the main lines of
the New York Central railroad. They
are the most powerful passenger lo
comotives in existence, and each is
capable of hauling a train of 14 steel
Pullman cars continuously at a sus-'
tained speed of 60 miles per hour;
while with lighter trains a maximum
speed with these locomotives has been
obtained of 85 miles an hour, these
speeds having been accomplished fre
quently on the experimental track of
the company near Schenectady. Ali
the wheels of the locomotives, includ
ing those on the leading and trailing
trucks, carry motors, the whole weight
leing thus availaple for producipg l
ttactive efforts.--Scientifc American.
Tunnel Through Selkirks.
The Canadian Pacific railroad is now ,
engaged in the constructon of ,a dou
ble track tunnel five miles long
through the Selkirk mountains at'
Rogers Pass, B. C. This will be the I
longest railroad tunnel in America, ex- I
ceeding in length the HIoosac tunnel of t
the Boston & Maine railroad by about
fourteen hundred feet.
SIn addition to its unusual length,
it-is of special interest because of the
fact that it is being driven from a i
pioneer tunnel parallel to and entire- I
ly outside of the limits of the final I
tunnel section. The tunnel is a part
of a line 'change of 18.6 miles.-Rail
way Age Gazette.
Magnets Aid the '8urgeon,
Powerful magnets are aiding physi
clans in the military hospitals of Eu
rope because of the character of the 11
ammunition that is causing most of 1
the wounds in the land battles. Shrap- v
nel shells have been used to a greater 14
extent than ever before, so that a very p
large proportion of wounds are from t
bits of shrapnel.
In the hospitals of France magnets b
have been developed that will draw
fragments of shrapnel to the stirface a
from a depth in the flesh of'even six 8
inches, and steel jacketed bullets have i
been drawn out from a depth of more ii
than two inches.-Saturday Evening tl
Better Deep-Sea Soundings.
A novel piezometer, claimed to give
deepsea soundings of much greater e
than the usual accuracy, is due to A. b
Berget, a French physicist. The in- I
strument, eight inches long, consists b
of a reservoir of water, from which a I
long tube, one fiftieth of an inch in di- d
ameter, extends downward, and com. 0]
manicates with an open side vessel of I
mercary. The tube, silvered inside, is tI
graduated outside, Lowered in the W
sea, the pressure forces the mercury i
up the tube, where it dissolves the 04
silver, showing the degree otcomapre- al
son and by this the depth reached, se
AFRICAN ROAD A MARVEL
Cape-to-Cairo Line Reveals a Pano
rama That is Without Equal
FE on the Earth.
When all the great railroad trunks
of the world have been built, a decade
or two hence, four of them will appear
upon the map in heavy black, indicat
ing that they surpass all others in
importance, writes Lewis B. Freeman
in the World's Work. These will be:
The Pan-American, from the Arctic
re wastes of Canada to the Straits of
ig Magellan; the Trans-Siberian, from
id the Atlantic to the Pacific across
le northern Europe and Asia; the Trans.
Persian, or. some other line, fromn the
of southeast of Europe to India; and the
ie Cape-to-Cairo. The Pan-American and
In the Indo-European railroads may sur.
in pass the Cape-to-Cairo as commercial
it arteries, and the Trans-Siberian will
n" doubtless figure more potently as a
al strategic line; but for the sheer in
e, terest of the country traversed-for
8g the picturesque variety and romantic
it appeal of the panoramas running like
n double cinematograph films past the
te car windows-the great African trunk
it can never know a rivail. . .
n Six thousand miles, across 65 de
grees of latitude; a score of climates
I- and the lands of a hundred different
1- peoples or tribes; the second longest
e of the world's rivers and two of its
d largdet lakes; the greatest dam ever
ºf built, conserving water for the world's
d richest lands; the most imposing and
n ancient of all temples; the greatest
a waterfall, and the most important gold
and diamond mines;. and finally, one
r of the last great expanses 'of real wil
3- derness, the onlyr place in the world
1- where the wild beasts of the jungle
1- may be seen in their primitive state,
d from a train; all these seen, traversed,
:t or experienced in 12 days! Surely,
t there can never be another such rail
I road as this.
Latest Great Railroad Stations.
t Nowhere are there to be found such
a noble terminia and union station build
ings as now ,aist in the United States.
t Foremost amoqg these are the Penn
a sylvania statlio and the new Grand
Central station in New York; but out
side of this city there are other monu
mental buildings which are scarcely
second to the two mentioned in impojr
tance. The latest of these to be opened
z is the Union station in Kansas City,
f Mo., which was opened to traffic on
r November 1 of this year. The build
ing, of classic design, is monumental
in size and of dignified and harmoni.
ous proportions. The central ,portion
of the building contains a main hall
240 by 87 feet and 92 feet high. The
waiting room is 350 by.78 feet. The
I total cost of the station, approaches,
I nevd belt line lnd the new terminal
works represents an output of over
f forty million dollars.
"Safety Firrt" Saves Life and Limb.
The annual report of the public
service commission of New York state
shows that the ""Safety First" move*
ment is prodhcing excellent results.
There is a decrease of over 72 per
cent of passengers killed on steam
railroads in the state of New York
during the last year, as compared
with the year preceding. There is a.
decrease of 45 per cent in passengers
injured. In 1913 41 passengers were
killed, last year only 14. During
i the last year 443 passengers were in.
Jured as compared with 1,746 in the
years before. There is a gratifying de
crease in casualties among railroad
employees; 196 were killed and 3,022
injured last year, as compared with
250 killed and 3,076 injured the yea"
The Left Hand.
If-after various i~eports-we are to
believe that it is the left arm, an4
not in the igiht that Kreisler is
wounded, this is no cause for congrat
ulation from his audiences. The vio
linist's left hand has the "beau role."
When Charles Reade was pleading
vigorously for the restoration of the
left hand to equal honor, he liked' the
public to guess what two marvelous'
things were done by a trained left
hand greater than anything boasted
by the right. It turned out that one
was the work of the famous left hand
of a pugilist famous in that day, Tom
Sayers, and the other was the finger
ing of a great violinist. But the pian
ist Thalberg also "put in his left" to
the amazement of the concert room.-
Motor Buses Multiplying.
In addition to lines already in op
eration, three new lines of motor
buses were put into service in New
York recently. It is plain that these
buses have made good there, and that
must have been the harder beesuse
city trapsportation has been devel
oped further in New York and more
money has been put into the business
than in any other' commu1ity in the
world. According to Automobile Top.
Ics, motor bases in some p~its of the
equntry re beint successfully oper
sfed in direct compeittion with t!e
street cars.-Toledo Blad6.
r " ..
When you have Clothing to be Claed
or Pressed rememer that you get the
Wrk onea here unIr '
SPerfect Sanitry Conditions
And by the most O DERN Iletods. 1Ntha
ing too delicate fo uas to handle. Prices
as low $s ye pay or ordinary Work.
The Wagons Pas Your oer Daily
Phone us- now
S PHhONE 34
"EVERYTHING BACK BUT THE DIRT'
NEW FALL STYLES IN:
are now. being dis
played. When it
comes to style and
are always recogniz-i
ed as being the
Tiheri e times In every wo 'ansI whes
needs .a tonic to help-her over th, thard rpi a
When that time comes to you, you know- *hat tonik
to take--Cardui, the wotlan's toani. Cardul is y
posed of purely vegetabe ingredients, w i- 4ct ,
gently, yet surely, on the weakened womanl organs,l
and- helps build them tback to strength and 'health.
It has benefited thou `mds and thousands of :wea
ailing women in its pst half .century of wonderfu
success, and it will do the same for you. . •
You can't make i ng
Miss Amelia Wilt n, RP. D. No.4, Alm a k,
says. "I thinkCardu i thegreatest meicoine ona
for women. Before b egan to take Cardul, !w .
so: weak and nervouS, and had such awful dizn
spells and a poo apptit. Now I ,fl s eI,
as stro a I ever dd, and =eat most arýBeAd S by. , ,
_Cardul "id a Sold by aIIl + .
Mr. and Mrs. E. S. e5bse
tas weekend w raes i
SNew. ;Orleans Great Northern R.. :
Tefrninal Station. Canal Stteet,
LEAVES New Orleans. ARRIVES
Daily. Except Sunday.
7:05 a m Jackson, Cclumbla, Tylertowo, *Bp.
lu., Folaom, Covington . ip m
4:20 m Folsom. Colombia. Tylertown. BJa,
7:35 am Jackson, Columbia, liyertown .
6:00om Columbi, Tylertown, BoialiirA
somCo~lngtb a " "
7:35 a in Folsom. Covlpgton, Abita Springs, as.
devile, Forest Glen, Lacombe, Qsalawo, , Hyls,
Bonfouca ""i Aris
LOCAL TIME TABLE. ,
-ARRIVES LEV `i
9:50m No. 2, Dalcy exept Sonds lam
New Orleans to Jackson
7:00 pm No. 4, Daily except 'Sunday 710i m
New Orless vs Columbla
10:38 asm No. IZ Sunday only. I0OU als
New Orleans to Jackson
"8:50 p m No. 8, Sunday only 6 m, .,
New Orleans to Columbia
40 6: a m No. 14, Dally except S$uday
'lrtown . " 'to'ogli
3:40 p m No 18, Dally exept Sunday
'tyleritowpe to Botalea
7:55 a m No. 18, Sunday only
ylktown to Bodalusa
S5:40 pm ho, S0, Sundayny y
Tylertowu to Bogalusa
2:5 pm .No1. Darly except Sday s b~3
Jackson to New drlrtns
6:00 a m No. , Dallyexcept Sunday 0IO 0
Coloumbla to NoW Orleans
4:50pm No. 11, Sunday only 5:0s"
Jackson to New Orleans
7: 00 am No. 7, 8onday)naly " 7 t a'
Columbia to New Orleans
Nio.13. Daly except Sunday. * is
Sogalasi oTylertop :
No. 156,all'exoept Sunday 64 5pm
o. l7u Sndayoly,
BogalasI i atQ lerywn
No.19, Sunday only
Boalusa to Tylertown ' ,-:
For furthteri no nwtmadp4
egent, oeit,.t :Mbh'f bn e
i cykedal RlG%4
leans 4a.. Distace q
o I;5 .r ,'irý R . ' `ý_ýs J.7r-3