Newspaper Page Text
.. W i'i t -YAN
If science can evolve a stingless
bee, why not a voiceless cat?
Take your choice, hubby, when the
parlor rug comes out. Beat it o0
"Skirts will be worn tighter than
over," says a fashion expert. How
"Woman Goes Over Niagara Falls
eo Pleasure Trip," says a headline.
Do you think that the man who is
always telling how to manage a wom
an, ever tried it?
If Friedmann's vaccine shall be es
tablished, the turtle will take its
place alongside the cow.
What an awful calamity it would be
ift the leading baseball players should
contract writer's cramp!
Long silence by a man at a tele
phone may not indicate wire trouble.
Maybo his wife's at the other end.
Twenty-three hundred love letters
were found among the effects of an
Australian bachelor. Evidently he
either had to die or marry to stop
- Some men would like to have a
job picking the blossoms off a cen
tury plant at $10,000 a year, if they
couldn't get the job of boiler in
In payment of an election bet a
man is to lead a donkey from Port
land, Me., to Portland, Ore. Hits com
panion in the "hike" is singularly well
Announcement that pythons have
increased in price five dollars a foot
need cause no uneasiness, as a very
small helping would be enough for
Utah evidently wants to increase its
population with its reward to moth
ers of ten dollars for the first child,
and seven dollars for each additional
With a buffalo on the new nickel,
don't feel called upon to shirk hust
ling for the coin. The "bump" is on
your side of the fence just as much
as it ever was.
The pursuit of ferocious African an
imals is urged as a distraction for
brair tag. Looking a large lion in the
eye Is well calculated to dislodge all
A New York patriot has Issued a
gamphlet that we should speak Amerl
esan a greater name for the greatest
language. What's the matter with
talking United States?
A hobo is reported to demand of
Los Angeles jailers that he be permit.
ted to take four baths a day. Possi
bly he Is working for a permanent
berth in a tinsane asylum.
The new nickel has evoked much
unfrlendly criticism, yet the coin
might have been a great deal worse.
Suppose some cubist had been allowed
to furnash the design for It
One pleasant thing about a cold is
the large variety of delightful cures it
brings to one's attention, and the pa
tiat can generally try them all before
the eod gets tired and quitts.
The common notion that talk Is
heap will have to give way before
the gres of the Bell telephone sys
tem, which anounce gross receipts
at $1 .00,000 ior a sinle year.
A eastern divine remarks that the
r--d s growinl better day by day.
Bw about the nights?
It Is quite Indlestive that whea a
g-Islpeaks of her coretier that her
ethmr mahes at least $6.000 per an
a and also when she speaks of her
Pariseanne eorsetiere, daddy bhas Set
The compladnt of the New York
lady that on ano income of $1i,000 a
ear ahe had to help in the housework
Is ezpected to arouse sympathy and
matseratlen only among the "Uttle
hothrs of the Rich."
SThe eartoonists these days are
wieding the pencil to portray spring
bud.L About the best spring bads in
the minds of women, however, are
those seen in the millinery depart
measta marked 49.98.
Here and there yeon will sme a rn
s-urlelu young man wesaring one of
those green hats and trying to e
pe, avoid,. or mIlnimise the deep
brnstion thereof by having the bow
-tted from the back to the side.
hI the case of the Arkansas man
whose skull was trepanned with a
hammerd out dollar, it i a case of
* plgged dollar being a good one.
Cousderatlon for nerves of others
ehould be felt by the Prince of Wales
wh, he begim thoe lessons on the
bag-pe streathen his hmgs.
The counteN D'Lasteyric has be
ad fesrteen goats shooting with her
sft hband. Not so remarkable when
I s easiddwed that some people get
Cgat hands down.
A etham man Is to be investigated
e_ the charge of having oered a po
eumsa a bribe of $10. It is not stat
ad whether the cEem eoi casted in
the meager uater of the bribe.
etham polieemeo omitn very much
MJaee bskies bllettnea decree I
that the women wIM wear smaller hats
_rng the eoming semo, bat st the
-me ti.m are maltaialag an ole
qIr abme ' wreas the ele of
dh heis rywUl maha is pew e
Frm all corners
of the great Stale
Commission Takes Up Train Schedule.
I;atoin l~iule --The Louisiana rail
road comonllsi lon, thiirough Secretary
I enry Jastreinski. Monday sent out
niotice to tall of the railroads of the
State advising that at its isession to
bbe held ntext month the commlliission
would take tllp the matter of the ac
tion of a rule requiring all roads to
give t',n days" notice before changing
th-e schtedunl" of a;ny passenger train,.
when the contempnlatel change is for
onel hour or mt(iro.
The,' (tinnission aiso proploses to
consider a riuleI requiring ,ill riailroadls
to po.t bulletin bouards fitteetn min
ltes h. for- tae a0rrival of tIIhe train
and re t-t the bulletiin board everl.y
thirty ii:ia.,1. h-ien a thirty-minute
additi ,nlt tune is lost.
The commission Lareii formal notice
that it a !41 take upi for consiilder
tiolti ;t::t ;irul nitlt. iat ses.sion to be
hii t iii n i."tl hall at New (tOrleains
on Maly 1. 'h icase of the Shreveport
(hatllll r f ( 'onnere'(' vs. the rail
r ioids. ill Ith l :iittler of the. adoption of
the U itfortin m!ileafie rates.
'The fe!li mln rule will also ibe con
sidieredl a: ;ill early lteeting: "\hlen
tlih.re are two or more lin-es betwteen
ai lly two ploints in Louisiana having
throullh coninecllltinlls, the lotwest rate
establish< 1 l vWeeii such points shall
be, chartd by tile other lines accept
ing freilght for trlansportation between
staid points. Itates from intermendiate
statilns will not he affected by this
ruling. No line, however, shall be
compelled to protect the rate of an
other line, provided the shipper is no
tified in writing of its unwillingness
to do so."
Survey of 100,000 Acres.
Lake Charles.-l)irecting Engineer
George A. Sanderson and his corps of
men have just completed a survey of
the holdings in Cameron parish of the
Deering corporation, comprising 100,
010o acres of land west of the ('alca
sieu river. The survey was made at
a cost of $16,000, and upon the recom
mendations of the engineer will de
pend whether or not the land is to be
reclaimed. Should the report of the
engineer by acted on favorably Cant
eron parish will be the scene of one
of the largest reclamation projects in
the South. The Cameron parish po
lice jury will be tendered by the Deer
ing company a topographical map of
the parish west of the river complete
in every respect. All parts of the
large tract were visited by the engi
neers and where the country was im
passable points were located by trian
New Orleans Sugar.
New Orleans.-There was no quot
able change to the local sugar market
Monday and no trading reported out
side of a few small jobbing lots from
second hands. Molasses ruled nomi
nal. with all receipts taken up. Sup
plies available for competition were
again confined to a few small drib
bling lots of blackstraps. Refined
sugars were quiet, with a somewhat
broader demand. No quotable change
to the list was reported and shading
was still reported on prompt ship
New York reported a quiet and un
changed market for refined, with raws
firmer. A sale of the latter at Ar
buckle, aggregating 45,000 bags, for
April and May shipment, was reported
at 3.36c for 96 tests.
Receipts were 205 barrels of mo
River Commission at Plaquemine.
Plaquemine.-The steamer Missis
sippi, having on board the Mississippi
river commission, arrived Saturday
and was met by a number of leading
citizens, including Mayor Wilbert,
Judge C. K. Sc4wing, Dr. W. A. Hollo
way. Engineer R. G. Comeaux, B. C.
Leblane, J. A. Hebert, L. B. Leblanc,
A. K. Grace, E. A. Fugler, A. H. Gay,
Jr., and others. A visit was paid to
the Plaquemine lock and the levees in
front of the town. Colonel L. S.
Beach, well known here and recently
appointed a member of t~e commis
sion by President Wilson, and Captain
C. O. Sherill are making the trip with
Sam Land Injured by Windlass.
De Ridder.-Sam Land, son of J. E.
Land, a prominent contractor of De
Ridder, was seriously injured Friday
while assisting in moving the Thomas
hotel. Young Land was working near
the Spanish windlass and the lever
escaped the control of the man hand
ling it and flew back, striking the boy
on the shoulder, breaking his collar
bone and bruiting him ocnsiderably.
His injuries are not regarded as fatal.
Teachers Meet at Duplessis.
Gonzales.-A teachers' meeting of
the New River Teachers' Association
was held at Duplessis, La., Saturday.
A fine program was rendered by the
teachers. Superintendent Rusca, Hon.
Joseph Gonzales and Leon A. Duples
sis made addresses.
Bogaluesa Bible Exercises.
Bogalusa.-Frlday the Bible class of
the Bogalusa Methodist church began
a ten-day service. Rev. G. S. Harmon
of Meridian, Miss., will preach a ser
mon each evening.
F. b. Mitchell Is Killed.
Alexandria.-Frank B. Mitchell, 26
years old, was killed Saturday at
Tioga, on the Iron Mountain road
north of Alexandria. He was stand
ing by the side of a log train and a
log from a loaded car rolled off, crush
nlag him to the ground.
New Orleans.-Rice market Monday
was steady. Receipts. 985 pockets
Aeln. Sales, TE pockets clean Hon-I
urasu at 4%@S5c; 400 pockets cis e
lapen at 2%3@ e. i
AVOCA ISLANDS DRAINAGE PLAN.
Six Thousand Acres Under Pump, and
Balance Soon Available.
.Morgatin ('it.--The final sitop for the
'comipleite reclamation of Avoca island
ias taken this week by the Avoca
tdraIinage colnmlissioin hen it awarded
the contract for pumping plant No. 3.
This reclamation project, which tdrains
in one unit the 1;.,,;oo acres of land,
has now 6,1t0 acres of its territory
under pump and over 1,0ut acres of
reclaimed land in staple crops, sugar
cane and corn. The island lies across
from Morgan ('ity.
The dredging of all the drainage
canals is entirely completed and the
t successful building of the 450-foot
darm across the mouth of Rock bayou
closes the system of levees twenty
three miles in extent. The compnletion
of the new plant will conclude the re
clanmation work undertaken by li.e
commlision. The completion of the
darm across the mouth of Roctk bayou
permits the pumping of the entire is
land with the present npumping plants.
and tlle water level in the canals and
interioir bayous will be in cultivatable
·Itctnl]ition even. before the contractors
will lbe able to complete th' new plant.
The reclatnatlion of Avoca island
has scerail features that are unique'
to the lproject. The islanld is so shaped
that the interior systellln of haos hhis
bee.n so tlesi:ned by nature thlt tills
lre crei-ce forios a natuiral uniit.
' tiln tllhe int'erior syst n of dIlrainage
c'ottpitises the connecting by canals of
tll' natuiral st'eiins and puiimping tlhe
i\\;ter front the islaiind at thei three
poinits of a triangle. The intlerior 5'.
temn of baiyous form drainlagte cg:nals
thliat could not be duplicateld at an x
it pe litdi 'ure u diler $;,ii,0uiiau. iltd thel re
sulltingl large storage ciapacity of tihe
drainace bayou is an ad\antiage that
can not lie overestima ted.
P'uping plantsl Nos. 1 and 2 are in
operation and are draining a large
portion of the island.
The new plant will be located at the
mouth of the large reservoir bayou,
and as it will be operated more con
stantly than the others, the commis
sion instructed its engineers. Warren
B. Reed of New Orleans, and its ad
visory engineer, William H. McGrath
of the Rio Grande valley, Texas, to
design the most economical plant from
the standpoint of fuel consumption as
well as efficiency and capacity of
pump that modern practice permits.
For this reason the European practice
of superheated steam and poppet
valve engine have been adopted, and
there will be no plant in this country
of more economic steam consumption
for horse power delivered than the
one to be erected on Avoca island.
Insane Man Escapes in Jail.
Edgard.-Saturday Sheriff Berthe
lot, accompanied by ('onstable ('has.
Lasseigne, left for the Jackson asylum
with Noe Montz. an insane person.
Montz lately es-. pet from Jackson,
and had been c- ined to the parish
prison awaiting tl. :isportation back to
the asylum. W\I; being led from the
jail he made a ..,h for liberty, but
was captured t :re he could scale
the jail inclosu. The sheriff was
then forced to 1, tim in irons. Cap
tain Montz will e :emembered as the
party who terror.. I the occupants of
offices in the \, .:ney-Central build
ing some weeks o, when he went
there on a search • District Attorney
Marrero, against nom he harbored
bitter feelings, d: , his having been
committed to the ' :ckson asylum by
interdiction pro,. .:lgs.
Winter Term ( :r at Industrial.
Ruston.-The I -:isiana Industrial
Institute closed iL :.-inter term Satur
day. The followi: were recommend
ed by the faculty t, raduation: Fan
nie Bell, Lucile Ct ..,.an. Coldie Cook,
Belle ('ross, Mar. Edwards, Lillian
Edwards, Mary Go-.:n, Dorothy Kidd,
Mary Lane, Berti- Langford, Maud
McLees, Olive Mil :', Elijah Moftett,
Lucile Piesant, Ni:;a Pyburn, Ethel
Robertson, Lucile Sinks, Delia Stef
fins, Katie Thurmon, Minnie Tigner.
Two-Day Conference Ends.
Bogalusa-The Louisiana conference
of the Methodist ministers met Fri
day and Saturday. At the business
session four delegates and two alter
nates were elected to attend the next
meeting that will be held at Crowley
Rev. H. R. Singleton of the Parker
Memorial church, New Orleans, deliv
ered an eloquent sermon at the Meth
odist church. At 11 a. m. Rev. Dr. J.
M. Moore of the First Methodist
church of New Orleans gave a sermon.
Mr. Sullivan, manager and president
of the Great Southern Lumber Com
pany, escorted the visiting delegates
over the big lumber mill.
Big Berries Begin Blooming.
Kentwood.-During the recent cool
spell the strawberries did not ripen
and a shortage in supply resulted.
Since the return of the wartn weather
and a week's dry weather a marked
Increase is noticeable. The berries
are exceptionally large and of first
quality. If favorable conditions con
tinue the supply will be much greater
thaa last year.
Theater Buys Adjacent Building.
Franklln.-E. M. Walker of Crowley
has sold his home on Commerce street
to Lauve & Bodin, a theatrical firm,
which operates the theater adjoining
the property purchased. The consid
eration was $3,600.
Thief Confessee Before Dying.
Edgard.-The negro, Louis Jesse,
who was shot Sunday while attempting
to break into the store of W. A.
Flateu, near Wallace, died. He con
fe5sed that he had committed the rob
Miss Roberts' Friends Indignant.
Franklln.-The many friends of Miss
Belle Roberts, who was arrested in
Jackson, Miss, on a charge of receiv
ing money by false pretenses, are very
lndignant over the affair. Miss Rob
erts is a native of Franklln, and she
is held in the highest esteem,
Alexandria.l--Ted Jackson, a negro,
was bought to Alexandria Monday
from Seltma, La., stfferlng from a
wan shot woUad inflicted by an un
nws an nro H.e died later
THE THURSDAY MORNING MYSTERY
.UH TMA FUcjNM
- GATE BusTED
p ...y. i"A r N ? ?t .
-- -- -- -- -- -- -- -
ARMY IN TEXAS FOR LONG SlAY
CHIEF OF STAFF OF THE UNITED
STATES ARMY IN TEXAS.
Major General Leonard Wood S'ys
Army Will Remain Mobilized at
Texas City and Galveston.
Galveston, Tex. - Arriving froml
WValshinwton for an islpi-i t1(1 (i t (oi-(r
ditions along the Mexican hirilder 1trmn
lBrownsville to Noeal'-.-, Ariz .11%ujor
General .eonard \Wood, chief of statf
of the U nited States armny, accom
pallied by his aide. (':aptain Powell
C'la)ton, arrived in Galveston Sunday,
inspected the camp of the Fifth bri
gade at Fort Crockett and otherwise
looked into the condition of thle army
I camp. General Wood Monday inspect
ed the Texas City camp. He will also
go to Brownsville, and from that town
will make an overland trip up the
Rio Grande to El Paso, looking into
conditions along the border and in
specting the border patrol. From El
Paso he will proceed westward along
the border as far as Nogales, Ariz.,
before returning to his post at Wash
While in Galveston General Wood
discussed the mobilization of the Sec
ond division, the causes which brought
the soldiers to Galveston and Texas
City and the probable length of their
He was frank to say that the Sec
ond division would remain mobilized
at Galveston and Texas ('ity for con
siderable time. "The Second division
will remain mobilized at or near its
present camps until the conditions
which caused its mobilization are re
moved," he said in answer to a ques
tion. While General Wood refused
to commit himself, it is generally
known that the condition which
caused the mobilization of the Sec
ond division at Galveston and Texas
City was the state of government in
the republic of Mexico. His state
ment is taken to mean that the Sec
ond division will remain mobilized
within striking distance of Mexico
until a stable government is establiqh
ed or until conditions reach such a
stage of anarchy that intervention is
Regarding the length of time in
weeks or months that the soldiers
would remain in camp at Galveston
and Texas City, General Wood said
that neither he nor any other man
could tell. "I do not kn w just how
long the Second division will remain
in the present mobilization camps,"
he said, "but I am sure it will be for
a long time. It may be for one week
or it may be for two years. I am al
most positive that it will be for as
long a time as six months."
Record Wool Clip Indicated.
Kerrville, Tex.-Indications are that
the record of Kerrville as a wool and
mohair market will be broken this
year. There are more than four hun
dred and fifty thousand pounds of
spring clip of mohair already in the
warehouses, and it is estimated that
the total spring clip will reach 650,000
President Wilson's Nominations.
Washington.-President Wilson Mon
day sent these nominations to the sen
Governor of Alaska, J. E. A. Strong
Surveyor general of Alaska, Charles
E. Davidson of Washington.
Auditor for the war department, J.
L. Baity of Missouri.
"Sandwich" Suffragettes Belabored.
London--Suffragettes carrying sand
wich boards, advertising a militant
meeting at Islington, were attacked
Wednesday by other women, who seiz
ed the boards and belabored the suf
fragettes with them. Hats were
smashed and clothing torn.
Driven From City by a Mob.
Cananea.-James S. Douglas, presi
dent of the Cananea Consolidated Cop
per Company, was driven out of Ca
nanea Monday by a mob of 2,000 idle
miners and smelter men.
Carload of Strawberries.
League City, Tex.-A car of straw
berries loaded at League City and
Dickinson was shipped to Lincoln,
Neb., via Galveston, Monday. The
prices paid the growers for these ber
les were $2.75 to $3 per crate f. o. b.,
Money for Pardoned Prisoners.
Albany, N. Y.-The lower house of
the New York legislature Wednesday
passed a bill to pay $1 a day for each
day's imprisonment to persons who
are pardoned by the governor and
who, in the opinion of the executive,
New Richmond Bank Opens.
Richmond, Te-.-Monday the Flirst 1
National Bank of Richmond opened
for business. This bank has a capital
.,ock of $50,000. I
(1Hf REVOLUIION IN MEXiCO IS SPRFEAOIl
Outgoing Steamers Are Crowded,
Rebels in North and South Are
1( the future of - the ti-llvi. t , i
1liill t'lt I'I *U)I' a ex-g li ll)('l f) tli -
f i ,;i: a l c ir c le s l 'e t h e " l t.- I el m'l ln t s
(G,ntr al nl irwl'q c Ob(cio',. , c inhlllllln!ldle' -
huili. of the l)rolabie o .erthrow ci
llu.erta. lont er derided. \'it hout (ex
c(eption the newspapllllers lver that the'
lonly lhope of salvation lies in theo
flotation of a loan. l'racticially all of
them admit that nonrecog,iti on of the
present administration lgukies this
The banks continue to reflect they
government's financial difficulties and
refuse to sell exchange except at exor
bitant rates, while merchants are rais
ing their prices to balance the differ
ence between Mexican and foreign cur
rrency. There is no fixed rate of ex
change. The bankers are buyers as
low as 2.,u while from heavier pur
chasers as high as 250 is quoted.
That the rebels in the north are
rapidly extending their lines is indi
cated by the isolation Thursday of
Monterey and Saltillo, the capitals re
spectively of Nuevo Leon and ('oa
huila, by the cutting of the railroad
at Linares, between Monterey and
Tampico, the main line of the Na
tional Railway between San Luis Po
tosi and Saltillo.
Linares is reported to be occupied
by the rebels.
The suspension of railway traffic
has deflected the passenger business
for abroad to Vera Cruz and Tam
pico, chiefly to the former. The Mexi
can railway is running trains in two
sections to accommodate traffic.
Outgoing steamers are crowded.
Some of the wealthy travelers content
themselves with quarters on the floors
of smoking rooms, while others are
accommodated in the second cabin, al
though paying first-class passage.
Many foreigners are leaving the coun
try in fear that anarchy will follow
Opening of Viaduct at Houston.
Houston, Tex.-Houston inaugurated
a new city administration on Monday,
and in connection with the inaugura
tion enjoyed a series of events that
made the day a general holiday. In
addition to the inauguration of the
new administration, the anniversary
of the battle of San Jacinto was cele
brated, the Main street viaduct was
opened, and a huge parade, augment
ed by soldiers from Texas City, tra
versed the streets of the city in cele
New Scale of Rates.
Austin, Tex.-As a result of a
hearing held in February, the railroad
commission Thursday issued a new
scale of rates on crushed stone, sand,
gravel, shell for roofing and paving,
clay and analogous articles, straight
or mixed carloads, effecting *reduc
tions varying from 10 to 15 per cent,
besides making other changes. The
new rates do not apply on rough
Forest Fires Destroying Timber.
Deadwood, S. D.-Thousands of men
are fighting fires in the Black Hills,
south of Deadwood. Fanned by a
stiff wind, the fires have destroyed
millions of feet of the best timber in
the hills, and much more will be burn
ed before the flames can be checked.
Pushing Oil Field Work.
Coleman, Tex.o-Work in the oil
fields, both at Trickham and the Hol
loway mountains, is still being push
ed. A'Pennsylvania company has un
loaded machinery and expect to put
down a deep well northwest from
Graveling Orange County Roads.
Orange, Tex.-The first mile of
gravel road in Orange County has just
been completed on the Newton Coun
ty road. The gravel project has
proven a remarkable success.
New $27,000 School Building.
Rosenberg, Tex.-The plans for the
new $27,000 school building have ar
rived and Rosenberg will soon have
one of the best arranged and best
equipped buildings for school work in
Confirms Colonel Scott's Promotion.
W'aahington.-The senate Thursday
confirmed the promotion of Colonel
Hugh L. Scott, Third cavalry, to be a
brigadier general to succeed Briga
dier General E. Z. Steever, retired
$2,092 for Flood Sufferers.
Austin, Tex.-Additional contribu
tions for the flood sufferers in Indiana
and Ohio Thursday brought the total
amount sent to the governor up to
MYSTERIOUS CoNTENTS OF AN ORDINARY
EGG-REMOVE ALL DISAGREEABLE ODORS
Shell. Wh;,'1 Looks Like perfectly Smccth. Coi;;tnous Sub.
stance. Is Very Curious Structure. Made Up of Two
Layers of LmY or "Calcareous" Matter.
T , , 0"i,,,,O , very n ysteri .-,
(,'~ Y( ! turn it over ie t
hard (to ,li~.~r , ti ,' sm ooth. velvety
whit,- or nr ',rh.ll. then drop It
:r to . ", .t without another
hight •l:. if you should happen
:o I:! i it 1 1 , uld think: "It wa
C !:, :I. ,I '. arid forget all about It
l:Pt *,,Io1 :an ,.gg" is quite a wonder
1. "hrr ;:ftr,r all. when yoU
to tludY it I.. the first place. the
h-hll. HL ,t, ooks like a perfectly
uI|tnoth, (cotinllous substancO, is a
vir) criru, s.tructure. made up of
two, lay. rs rof rli:v or "calcareOUS
atte!!,r :r,~1 tall of little pores, r
: i;t!s ' ri iuclIh fter the same gent
r- l;t : ,Ir own skin, about
S1t.c h , or jl,snolocy has taught
i'hl.es !1t1I. 1~r( s open both on the
f:.., , as ,l , t, r , (outside of the
-h II. :tnl .,I!"." i':s,,s and odors to
'. la : f, rt through the
!",:I If ,,: r i, any doubt about
, - v , : and ;i n onion side by
Sr 1,. r t o'0, then break the
, L" o . A" I a stron1g oniony
!!cm or I I,- l i:, l For this rea
in1. to I .1 " I tilt or of an egg
:. t : ,: r, i it itustI never be left
Shr, tih r,. ,r ti il or disagreeable
('an .oln i:niLi:v.e th difference be
tWi',"II LL: * I! ill a clean, sweet
nt,t hle :11,I L':,thl -r,', while It Is
fr,sh, and anthor laid in a filthy.
had-stt llintI plar,-. and left there
long ,ln,,'el h t, Irc , rroe t;inted by Its
surrourndinrs" \thic(h ,ne would you
prefer for ouir breakfast?
More than this, the pores allow air
to pass to thl. inside of the egg, and
even minutl germs. These cause de
cay. That is alt an egg "rots." If
the shell is covered all over with
some perfectly air-proof substance.
such as vaseline. or the material'
known as "water-glass." the contents
may be kept perfectly fresh and
sweet for a long time. This is often
done when one wishes to pack eggs
for winter use.
Inside the brittle outer shell is a
lining. You all know what that looks
like, a thin, tough membrane, hold
ing the contents of the egg as If they
were in a .ittle sack. If you examine
this very closely, you will see that
this, also, Is in two layers. They lie
very close together except at the
large end of the egg. where they sep
arate. one layer adhering to the shell,
the other clinging to the white of an
egg. The spa between them is the
"air chamber." with which you are all
Did you ever notice, in an egg that
had been boiled hard, that the white
comes off in layers? If you start at
the big end of the egg. you may even
peel these layers off in a somewhat
regular spiral, running up to the
small end. The albumen-which is
A Home-Made Brooder.
the substance forming moat of the
solid part of the white--is arranged
in layers of different density arounad
You can see the difference in the
thickness of this matter by breaking
an egg in a saucer. Part of it will
seem thin. almost like water. While
the rest is thick and "livery." It is
this difference that causes the layers
to separate in the boiled egg. The
densest layer is next to the yolk, to
help in keeping it in its place into the
middle of the egg.
Lying close about the yolk Itself Ia
still another layer, like a thin, tough
skin. It is colorless. and not porous.
This helps still further to protect the
golden heart of the egg, the lost
vitally important part of the whole
structure. But, for fear that thee
coats should not be enough, through
the yolk, lengthwise of the egg, num
a thick, twisted cord of albumen, like
a little rope, to steady it against ja
or other violent movements. This I
called the "chalaze." and is fastened
at both ends to the tough membrane
about the yoke before mentioned.
The yolk turns freely about this al.
If you break an egg carefully, Yor
will see, on the upper side of the
yolk, a small, round, whitishb-lookla
spot. This is "he "germ spot." nd l
to the egg what the seed is to thn
Cattle fattened on bluo gras pa
ture will make double the gain on the
same grain for the first three moath
of the pasture season as compared
with the late months of the feeding
period. This information has been
gained through a five-year test in fat.
tening cattle of various ages on blue
grass pasture in Missouri.
This extensive investigation laOI,.
od the feeding of 262 cattle d4lldyg
into 36 distinct experlrFents and is
,he largest and moot complete lavew
insa ", . ,. Ra,
`110- "'", r" ;; ', ..
ano o r ti i ,
ita h'iat;l ! tlhr i nrrse
oa .. - a o.ut 1 k, ,l
d a y s t h I l ln 1 ~i r , nf : , " +
t u rn t h n t h -i. ' r . . f , ' .it ,i l a
" I + i "," o l k. w i To " r . . l
ha f l t. ist tt r ril
] ti roac,,p, ,I,. :,, ;, al
it i.s alxayy f R°ln .f ,ot 'hi..
C r!' i : t. 1 ,. C . ,i t ,, 1 t ..
m /a uor t a\·c n i.ln R rdin
Mture hn thge indebe of hites and
Syolk w firs found tere. m
The delicatedstructures of the egP
nhave been tacle for Feed-Safeguaor
delicate organism of the pretty
downy chick, who sierms to tanke the
world as a matter of course, and be
gins at once to make his owon wa
(Copyright. 1913, C. M. Schultz.)
Director Durand of Census Bu
reau Gives Data Regarding
Statistics with reference to mort
gage indebtedness of the farms of the
United States are given in a report
by Director Durand of the bureau of
tr census department of commerce,
and labor. The report was prepared
under the supervision of John .ree
Coulter, expert special agent for agri
The total number of farms In the
United States operated by their own
era which were mortgaged In 1910 Is
1,327,439; while 2.621,283 were re.
ported as free from mortgage. Them
figures show an increase since 1900 of
17.7 per cent. In the number of farms
mortgaged; and of 4.4 per cent. in the
number of farms freed from mort
gage. The report will show that 68,
104 farms were operated by managers.
-a decrease of 1.7 per cent. since 1900,
sad 2,354,676 farms were operated by
tenants, an increase of 16.3 percent.
since 1900. No statistics pertaining to,
mortgage indebtednes were secured
for farms operated by tenants or hired
managers It would be practically Im
posible in many cases to reach the
owners of such farms to ascertain the
The total value of the land and
bulldings of the 1,006.5'1 farms for
which both the fact of mortgage in
debtedness and its amounts were re
ported was $6,300,000., and the amount
of debt was $1,.726,000,000 or 27.3 per
cent of the value. The corresponding
proportion in 1890 as shown in the re
ports was 35.5 per cent. There was
thus, during the twenty years *a
marked diminution in the real import
ance of mortgage debt on the farms
mortgaged, due primarily to the very
rapid increase in the value of the land
ina farms. The average amount of
mortgage indebtedness per farm in
creased from $1,224 In 1890 to $1,715,
in 1910, but the average value per
farm increased from $3,444 to 16.289
and therefore the owner'sa equity per
farm lncreased from $E,220 to $4,574.,
or more than double.
Government Buys Dairy.
The U. S. government is preparing
to go into the dairy business near
Annapolis. to furnish the 200 gallons
of milk consumed daily by a few less
than 801 midshipmen. This is to
uard against a recurrence of typhoid
fever cases. The farm is to be oper
ed on a system of cosolute sanita
tion and hygiene.
Stall for Cow.
At least a month before due to
tve, each cow should be given a
-oomy box stall.
- - . ..... -.-. -', `''%
tlltion of this supbieCt which bha
ever been made in this country.
Burn the Weeds.
It is not ,ood policy to plow under
oMl weeds in the garden. That sim
Ply plants the weed seeds Hetter
blrn the trash and put on manure for
Oaly a few farmers seem to realize
that they are entitled to the use of
gl best clash of horses temsel5 e