Newspaper Page Text
1 News i
GIR. S GiS VE' ;:)UR EARS.
Lous .na Jud, U0-e, Leniency. He
S:yvs, in Passing Sentence Upon
DO-a Murff: Duvall for Life.
I i s . r .ti f, , , t, i " , ' t ii
lh itor. it ' t hi' ,n ta I, ,"' IIr.' (i ~. ap a l.
, :t , s i , r in D a it h t- trait p ;: el T h e
artoFrn'. v t]wi s. e'i,,' o f :l l.al
I :. upr"ilne court, thif'h j ,i . ;as rt hteil,
r.tuirnable Jan. !7, 1911.
.am ,es i vall ' as ( .a 14d for sien
Itenc', first. lie ,is n elrvotis :and
treombling and statd that i, h1vw l not h
ing to say for himself. bult ,'nly im
plored the judge Ito be is Iltie-nt a
possible in passit seOntrcl(' on his
daughter. He wa sstite.(Oned to the
penitentiary for ine remainder of his
life. The girl nas then called. She
was sentenced to four years.
In passing sentence on her. Judge
Campbell stated that in view of ver
dict of jury recommending her to
the mercy of the court, he would
make the term only four years. She
was a little nervous. Duvall was pres
ent and, like his daughter, was un
moved, still claiming that they had
hopes In the verdict being reversed
or a rehearing granted.
The petition presented by Rev. Iss
bell, which was circulated among the
Methodist ministers attending the
conference, asking the judge to be
lenient in passing sentence on Dora,
was presented, but Judge Campbell
did not read it, stating that he did
not intend to pass sentence in accord
ance with petitions.
Shreveport.-C(alvin Iallard, a well
known planter and mrc('Ichat , was
found dead early Saturday in his
store near Blanchard, 121.. with the
left side of his face shot off with No.
6 shot. Under his body was the store
ledger in which he was evidently pre
paring to charge a purchase when as
sassinated. The empty shell, picked
up near his body, is an important
clue. Robbery was undoubtedly the
motive, as his pockets and the cash
drtwer were rifled by the unknown
murderer. A negro is suspected.
About two years ago Ballard, while
serving a penitentiary term for slay
ing his own brother, was pardoned for
killing two negro convicts and pre
venting a wholesale escape. Ballard
lived alone in a room in the rear of
Off Production On Increase.
Shreveport.-Oil production in the
De Soto parish has been more than
doubled by the completion of a well
by the Pasadena Petroleum Company
in section 2, township 12, range 12,
which is the same section in which
the initial De Soto producer was drill
ed in last summer by the Gulf Refin
It is conservatively estimated by
experts that the new well's capacity
is at least 2,500 barrels daily. Somne
estimates place it as high as 4,500 bar
rels. The exact output will not be
known until tanks are finished.
Record Price Paid for Lease.
Lake Charles.-A record price for
a mineral lease was touched Saturday
when the Gulf Refniing Company gave
James F. Weed of Beaumont a cash
bonus of $10,000 for the mineral
rights to five acres of land in the
Edgerly field and agreed to give o10c
a barrel royalty on all oil produced up
to 100,000 barrels and Sc a barrel
on all above 100,000. The five acres
, are in the southeast quarter of the
northwest quarter of section 28, town
ship 9, range 11.
Takes Prisoners to Penitentiary.
Alexandria.-Sheriff J. E. Drewett
of La Salle parish passed through
Saturday en route to Baton Rouge to
convey the following prisoners to the
penitentiary: Jack Harp, manslaugh
ter, ten years; Clint Williams and W.
R. Wroten, cow stealing, one year;
Lloyd Ashley, larceny, six months.
The three former are white. Hannah
Fogleman and Henry Jqhnson,
charged with murdering Milton
]Brooks in this city, were acquitted
Rapide Gins 9,605 Bales.
Alexandria.-L. M. Flrnberg, gov
elament gin inspector, reports that
there were 9,605 bales ginned in
* Rapides parish prior to Dec. 1, as
Conmpared with 10,98 ginned in 1912
Woman Has Skull Fractured.
Lafayette.-Mrs. Salvadore Gilfosy
was seriously injured on the head
Saturday near Manton Switch, when
a heavy ladder fell upon her. The
woman's skull was fractured.
Matched for New Year Fight.
New Orleans.-Johany Dundee of
New York and Freddy Welsh, English
lightweight champion, have been
matched for a ten-round bout before
the Orleans Athletic Club New Year's
* Sgar Grinding Season Closing.
Coavent.-Sugar gringing is near
lug the end. The last factory in op
-, atioa is Uncle Sam of J. J. Jacob,
tmi at the end of this week it will
I AGENT TELLS OF ROBBERY.
Says Lone Robber of Sunset Express
Had Hard Luck Story and Asked
For Passage on His Train.
N* ,w )h'il 'an \3''1 anl army of
• 1 J t , l ;, , , , ! ,, !, 1 , 1 ' iirc- i iil
to ,,,,n , o :-, :o r ·o ',, , ! . :),and c , itl -
v · . W.h
, , .. a L \ .
I , ,-j. d ,1,! r , ori );h )in wlall -
,hM iE. ,, ml ,wh , - r- ; I,: ,(k t i t.t
.I 'II ' , ,, '*Y ' j~(ir ulhei
,, ~ !,;li Ir, . j !,. o.' t i ll- l 'O
-t! i. a t\i i I,~ ;! Ii i: ' r.11 hard
I ' l ;r _ -, lltt 'd h('-1't; 11 (lem i 'n rema in1
, i- t' !- I.. , 'r hI lI i;3333ty (( lii'hi'd
S(.- in his calr .,or or tio IoIrs prior lh
,to i Ls. l "lat1rl i Ih a if the tr in. lomi ngd
Stchilel ;1' ll h imas h( iia a e up' his slierts,
to n l m c tll ; 3 lthlil airl ss i3Iand charity
sa itngiss toiln he pll.ced. the packhe
ttages lf mon le in t heli ckt to Avon
dal andfrom the ttminion Express Cor from
ti .liln (!'row c.ioach.
Lord adiunirtt.'ul that3 F.leming remain.
atd in trhis clar rtifor overing two houris pritelveor
of offic ials of the omp train. One leing
wa chlirid liii n as he' trade up his sheets,
helped wasim with drehe "Toxpress homnd was
a witness oLheon he placed the packo
ages llf monear in the strong box.rd
Fleming showed him letters of credit
from the withominion Express Company.
at Montreald hertifying to his twelve
years service. Thesick bore the names
of officials of the company. One let
ter was addressed "To Whom it May
('oncern," so Lord says, and the other
to G. A. Taft, general superintendent
of the Welar tols Fargo at whereouston. Lord
is a Canadian, and listened to Flem
ing's tale with interest and sympathy.
lie claime d e had to lealizeCanada on
account of his sick mother, and said
they were living in poverty. He plead.
ed with Lord to allow him to ride in
his car to Houston, where he could
Lord asserted that he refused this
request. lie said he realized that (115
covery of a mart in his car would cost
him his job. lie therefore put hitt
out of the car. As the train pulled out
Lord said. hei waved goodby to Flem
ing as lie :tood on the station plat
Shreveport Has $60,000 Fire.
Shre'veport.-A loss estimated at
$;iiiiiit occurred Sunday, when the
main warehouse and stock of goods of
Robinson IBros., hay and grain deal.
ers, \\ere destroyed by fire. Fifteen
freight cars loaded with feed stuff
were also burned. The warehouse
was twenty feet wide and a block long
and was loaded with stock. It was
located between the Houston and
Shreveport railroad depot and a
branch station of the Standard Ol0
Company, but neither of these build
ings was damaged.
Street Paving Undertaken.
Lake Charles.-The city commis
sion have completed the letting of
contracts for approximately 100,000
yards of street paving by letting the
contracts for brick paving on Kirk
man, Pujo and South Ryan streets
for $1.96 per square yard. About two
thirds of the paving will be of brick
and the balance of wood block and as
Injunction on Crude Oil Rates.
Baton Rouge.-The railroads of the
state filed an injunction Saturday
against the railroad commission en.
joining the commission from putting
into effect an order fixing rates on
crude oil and its products in carload
and less than carload lots. The rail.
roads say the proposed rate is unrea.
sonable, unjust and us-emunerative.
Shreveport Expects No Damage.
Shreveport. - Notwithstanding re
ports that three breaks have occurred
in Red river levees in Arkansas, one
being near the state line, with heavy
property damage resulting, no serious
trouble is expected in Shreveport vi.
cinity. Some of the flood water from
Arkansas may reach the northern por.
tion of Louisiana, but no other dam.
age is considered at all likely here.
Canned Goods Rates Given Rehearing.
Alexandria.-Examiner U. S. Butler
of the interstate commerce commis
sion held a rehearing Monday in the
case involving the rate on canned
goods from Baltimore to Alexandria.
The railroads were represented by G.
S. Moore of the L., R. and N. and the
shippers were represented by Traffic
Manager H. J. Fernandez of Alexan
dria. The case was taken under ad.
Shot Self on Hirnt; Dies.
Houma.-Bart Thibodaux, who acci
dentally shot himself in the arm
while out hunting three weeks ago,
Schools Must Follow State Course.
Baton Rouge.-The department of
education has sent Instructions to
every agricultural high, and every do
mestic science school, that state aid
will be withdrawn if the course of
study approved by the state is not
Company Is Building Ice Plant.
Sulphur.--The Union Sulphur Com
pany is putting in an ice plant at the
mine that will manufacture sufficient
ice for its own use.
Women Accorded Laity Rights.
Crowley.-Women were accorded
laity rights by the Louisiana confer
ence of the Methodist Episcopal
church, South, which adjourned Monm
day. A resolution to drop the word
"South" from the name of the church
was defeate8 by a vote of 50 to 56.
Heavy Shipment of Roein Made.
Alexandria.-Nineteen cars of rosin
have been shipped by the LouLsiana
Turpentine Company on the Alexan
dra and Western railway to New Ow
iesas via the Bouthern Paelci reed.
B'S YIELD OF TRUCK IN COAST COUNTRY
Acreage of Cabbage in Truck Grow
ing Districts Much Greater
Iit.t-I o .tio" lato ,." r , tit - i,
I l"t hn' 1 t a bh'. the , ,! T. \:l- i" '
r il .h I Nt h I I!-t 'I ?
:tt+" ' C" t' ., , . I• I' ; : i" II t I '
II + ' t ] I,: 1\ . I t,. m , 'in ;,,. ,I ,
"Tl ih, ...':u l ,; Ii iii' it , 1 n
hllt 'I t ,h! is s e tl' " im m e i t ' .t' "
Ii, weatheIr iii coitn o h
lil 'to Il, 't -"li- t il " ri t'iti- u t '1'.- 1*t i t
hi- a. \hIi \I ? -t \r ' t i-1-p ,
thi-, l 1i- , all t hat \'Ill l nt lli ar ile,
iirt cabb g i ht l lt- \ox t pi- o t tnt' I nat
rl t o10 t Tf Nortle-xt'- t als ,It'g . +t rit
1t .Cabbage th't" (t'd n t.
noll t u'en mtohe th all 5 er cenatbai,, Iof -
docatr that the, t h."ei reit- \ wart l \\-iatlt
tcause ot rapid deterioration ol thti
ca;tblba produceld ill that ,citiou alld
it i now treaching that marl;ll'ke ill a
hleachted and ulnlsalable codithi ot. nI it
less there is somle inmmedate (hlttntge
ill weather conditions the Northatxst
ern cabbage will not protect that miar
ke-t for any considerable length ot
time. This will ui "loubtedly open tip
a market for Texas caboage'.
"('abbage that was stored in thte
Northern territory went into storage
at $20 a ton, by reason of the crop
not being more than 75 per cent of a
normal yield, and there w$as little
stored by reason of this fact. W\het
the winters are cold the cabbage that
is 'field stored,' that is, buried in hills
of earth, keeps well all winter and it
is this cabbage that is thrown on the
market in the early spring and ham
mess the price down to where Texas
producers can not meet the competi
"Texas truck growers sold their
i cabbage last spring in the State at
from $5 to $15 a ton. With Northern
cabbage going into storage at $.ne a
ton and the field stored cabbage out
of competition, as it now looks like it
wial be, it is safe to predict that the
Texas producers will realize $35 to $41e
a ton for their crop."
Terrazas-Creel Millions Confiscated.
('hihuhuata, Mex.--Iy formal decree
;eneral Francisco Villa, commander
of the constitutionalist army of the
north, has declared the vast estat(s
of General Luis Terrazas and all mem
bers of his famil9 forfeited to the
constitutionalist cause. This means
that the untold millions of the Ter
razas family have' been seized in the
name of the const'tutionalist govern
ment, as the decree of confiscation
specifically states that all real estate
and all personal property, including
cattle, stocks and bonds, banks,
moneys and household effects, includ
ing "documents' 'of General Luis Ter
razas and all members of his family,
Enrique C. Creel, Juan Creel and "all
other accomplices" who have been
enemies to the cause of the constitu
tionalists, who fomented the treacher
ous rebellions of Pascual Orozco and
of Victoriana Huerta.
Gregg Secures His War Claims.
of Texas, chairman of the house com
mittee on war claims, Tuesday made
a record when he secured the passage
through the house of his omnibus
claims bill within two weeks of the
opening of the regular session. The
bill contains these Texas items:
Mrs. Gertrude O'Bannon of Hunt
County, $1,350; Mary A. Shaw of Cor
pus Christi, $700; heirs of the estate
of Robert M. Williams of Dallas,
Talk of Readjustment of G. O. P.
Washington.--After five hours of
debate the republican national com
mittee Tuesday determined that it
was clothed with ample power to re
adjust the composition of the party's
national conventions and had author
ity to make reforms in convention
rules and procedure that have been
demanded by many elements since
the conventiio of 1912 and the demo
cratic victory at the polls last No
Rebels Capture Esmeraldas.
Guayaquil, Ecuador.--Reels have
defeated the Ecuadorian government
troops and captured the totwn of Es
meraldas. Foreign residents and
many native families took refuge on
board the cruiser Cotopaxi.
Cardinal Rampolia Dead.
Rome.--Cardinal Rampolla, former
papal secretary of state, died Tues
day night. It was Carldinal Rampolla
who celebrated the Te Deum at Rome
on May 11 in thanksgiving for the re
covery of the pope.
8ays Loss Is Over a Million.
Houston, Tex.-"The International
and Great Northern road has lost hal
a million dollars in track damage
alone as a result of the floods," said
Judge Thomas J. Freeman, president
of the road, Tuesday.
Snowstorm in Plainsa Country.
Amarillo, Tex.--Heavy snowstorm
prevailed all day Tuesday throughout
the plains country of Northwest Tex
as, Northwest Oklahoma and Eastern
Warrants Called for Payment
Austin, Tex.--State Treasurer Ed
wards Tuesday called 4,763 Confed
crate pension warrants for payment,
same being for $10.50 each, or an ag
gregate of approximately $50,000.
Bailey Sold Stock Farm.
lexington, Ky. - Former Uniter
State. Senator Joseph Bailey ot
GainesvIlle, Ttas, Tuesday sold the
Fairisd Stock Fam near here. The
gr~S I sid k to have bsan $'OAW
. , i
z/ / / ,! A S'1
l(oC pyri lgt. )
Society for the Prevention of Useless Gifts Active.-News Item.
MEXICAN CONGRESS ADJOURNEO UNTIL APRIL TiHE REAL "MONA LISA" PAINIING FOUND
H:uerta's Assumption of Power Rein
vested in Him-New Body
City of Mexico.-From now until
April 2 President Huerta will be ob
liged to conduct the government with
out congress, as that specially created
organization was formally adjourned
Monday. its most important acts dur
ing the session were the ratification
of the president's assumption of pow
er over the various departments of
the government after dissolving the
preceding congress and granting again
to the president this same power,
which gives General Huerta until con
gress convenes again practically the
authority of a dictator.
Altogether the new congress was
unobtrusive, interfering not at all with
the executive's ideas of government.
Its most notable act, aside from those
directly connected with the executive
plans, was the ratification of a conces
sion to a Belgian syndicate to con
struct 5,000 miles of narrow-gauge
General Villa's treatment of the
Spaniards at Chihuahua has aroused
the keen sympathies of the colony at
Mexico City. The Spanish minister,
Senor ('ologan y ('ologan. sent to
Washington Monday through the
American charge, Nelson O Shaugh
nessy, his thanks for the efforts made
by the government to relieve his coun
trymen at that place.
Estimate of the Rice Crop.
Beaumont, To x.-The estimate of
the 1913 crop, dated Dec. 10, was is
sued Monday b3 .. R. ILeguenec, sec
retary of the Millers Association, is
about a half million sacks more than
quoted by the Southern Rice Grow
ers' Association and about 200,000
less than the government estimate
dated Dec. 15, 2 p. m.
Mr. Leguenec's estimate is: Louis
iana, 2,962,260; Texas, 2,183,589; Ar
kansas, 1,003,613. Total, 6,254,442.
United States government estimate
is: Louisiana, 2,990,000; Texas, 2,
424,000; Arkansas, 942,250. Total, 6,
The estimate of General Manager E.
A. Eignus, Southern Rice Growers'
Association, dated Nov. 26, was 5,700,
000, of which he believed only 5,000,
000 will be available for milling.
Lopez Still Alive in Mine.
Bingham, Utah.-Halted by the ob
jections of mine owners, the sheriffs
who seek Ralph Lopez, the slayer of
six men, Saturday resumed searching
the workings. The process of search
ing a section and then bulkheading so
as to eliminate that part is beginning
to halt mining operations, and this the
owners opposed. After a conference,
however, the company withdrew its
objection. Thereupon Shift Boss Sam
Rogers resigned, saying he would not
enter the stronghold of the Mexican
Railroads Recovering From Flood.
Houston, Tex.-Practically all lines
of railroad are rapidly recoverint
from the effects of the flood to the
extent of being able to operate trains.
either over their own lines or by de
touring. Following closely the reced
ing waters, work trains are engaged
in pushing repair work as rapidly as
possible and in a number of cases
lines have been connected up and
train service restored.
Schmidt Sought Insurance.
New York.-Hans Schmidt sought
to obtain $5,000 insurance upon the
life of his victim, Anna Aumuller, as
far back as last April, according to
the testimony of Dr. Harold M. Hays,
an insurance company examiner, at
Monday's session of Schmidt's trial
for murder. The state contends that
Schmidt was planning then to mur
der the young woman. He killed her
on the night of Aug. 31.
Mrs. Pankhurst Rearrested.
London-Mrs. Emmeline Pankhurst,
the suffragette leader, while return
ing from Paris, where she has been
visiting her daughter, Miss Christabel
Pankhurst, was rearrested Sunday by
Scotland Yard detectives shortly after
the train left Dover.
Prohibitionists Carry Coryell.
Waco, Tex.-In the local option
election in Coryell County Saturday
twenty-nine boxes out of thirty gave
the pros a majority of 468.
Crete is Annexed to Greece.
Canea.-The formal annexation of
the island of Crete to Greece was car
ried out Saturday with imposing cere
monial. King Constantine personally
ran up the Hellenic flag over the fort.
Earthquake SIrkes Up Japan.
Tokio.-The strongest earthquake
in several years occurred Monday and
was felt over an extensive area.
Houses in Tokio and Yokohama were
violently rocked and the people were
Great Printing That Disappeared From
Louvre at Paris Located in
Florence, Italy.--"Mona Lisai" Leo
nardo da Vinci's great painting, which
was stolen from the Louvre in Paris
more than two years ago, has been
found. It is now in the hands of the
Italian authorities and will be return
ed to France.
"Mona Lisa," or "La Jaconde," as it
is more popularly known, the most
celebrated portrait of a woman ever
painted, has been the object of ex
haustive search in all quarters of the
globe. The mystery of its abstraction
from the Louvre, its great intrinsic
value and the strange fascination of
the smile of the woman it portrayed
-Lisa del Gloconde--the wife of a
wealthy Florentine, have combined to
keep alive interest in its recovery.
The picture was recovered under
curious circumstances. An Italian
wrote to Senor Geri, an antiquary of
Florence, some weeks ago, saying:
"I am in possession of the missing
Mona Lisa, but being a patriotic Ita
lian, I desire that it shall remain in
Florence, the center of Italian art."
lie signed the letter "Leonard," and
an appointment was arranged where
by Geri was to view the picture at
Milan. The date set was Nov. 17. but
unforeseen circumstances preventld
the meeting. A young man, fairly well
dressed, visited Geri Saturday. tie
said he was "Leonard," and was stay
ing at the Hotel Tripoli. lHe asked
Gt-ri to go with him to see the pic
ture. Signor Geri notified l)r. Poggi,
director of the Florentine Museum,
who hastened to the hotel anti on be
ing shown the painting recognized it
as the genuine Mona Lisa.
On being interrogated the prisoner
said his real name is Vincenzo Peru
gia. He posed as a patriot.
He said he entered the Louvre early
in the morning, detached the picture
and removed the painting from the
frame. He hid the picture beneath!
his workman's blouse and succeeded
in leaving the place without attracting
Admiral Fletcher Stops Battle.
City of Mexico.-Rear Admiral
Fletcher, commander of the American
naval forces in Mexican waters, Fri
day ordered the rebels and federals
fighting at Tampico to cease firing,
threatening to open up on them with
the guns of the gunboat Wheeling
if his order was not obeyed. Both
sides complied with the order.
Gunboats Slaughter Rebels.
City of Mexico.-A heavy and susl
tained bombardment by two gunboats
and the federal field artillery result
ed Saturday in the complete rout of
the rebels at Tampico. Eight hun
dred rebels, the report states, were
killed within an hour and the remain
der of the rebel army is reported to
be in full flight toward Victoria.
Garrison Seeks Army of 85,000.
Washington. - Secretary of War
Garrison told the house committee on
military affairs Thursday that the
total authorized strength of the army
e\as 85,O l0, against a total population
of 100,000,000), under the American
flag, and that he could not see bow
the government could get along with
less than that number of soldiers in
times of peace.
Villa Shows Military Strategy.
Juarez, Mex.--General Francisco
Villa. the constitutionalist leader of
Chihuahua, again appeared in the
lignt of a military strategist Monday
when, instead of sending the large
column of constitutionalist troops un
der General Monclovio Herrera .to at
tack the federals at Ojinaga, he had
dispatched them to "orreon to trap a
federal force under General Velasco,
who had occupied the town.
Betrothed to 11-Year-Old GIrl.
Shanghal. China.--It was announced
Monday that President Yuan Shl
Kal's youngest son is to be betrothed
to the 11-year-old daughter of the vice
president, Li Luen Heng, who arrived
recently in Pekin.
Bond issue Ordered by Vote.
Groveton, Tex.-The independent
school district Monday by a vote ot
178 to 19 approved a bond issue for
school improvements in the sum of
Henry 8pencer Gets Short Stay.
Chicago, ll.-Henry Spencer, con
victed murderer of Mildred Allison
Rexroat, will not be hanged Friday,
as Governor Dunne Monday granted
him a stay of execution to give time
for an appeal to the Illinois supreme
Controller Lane Appoints Davis.
Austin, Tex.-Ernest Davis of Hous
ton has been appointed by Controller
Lane to assist J. W. Stephens in the
classification of old state documents.
SFLOOD WATERS FLOW
INTO THE GULF
THE NEAREST ESTIMATE PLACES
DEATHS AT ABOUT ONE HUN
DRED AND NINETY
THE PROPERTY LOSS $10,000,000
T, e Pt . " Rclet Coman ttees
Are t..., AL;_ to Epcdtte Their
Wcrik. and Thngs New
Flood vict s ................ 190
Prooerty d image .........$10,000.000
, ti',e t
1 ,,!ý, .(n il .1:. c, ;.. " , (, : t :i t(;h 1 "
' I("h.i I, " . -, t t, , -h r,'( , tI C I " i
ci iti h t'
itll good wsa-) lo r. raifoad It!a
fit' thiougl th. :t0ided tallty >
South "it'ettrdl T-x'ta;i ought to ),. 1-,
estalbi.theI l \ i'lhui alohu it tell days.
or \witllin four (liays to a n -eck aftar
the water has subsided and the ril\.r>
have returned to their beds. Tihat is
thei judgment of railroad men who
came out of the flooded district Sun
With millions of tons of overflow
wat.-r s pouring their muddy torrent
ilto lthe (Gulf of Mexico, the flood
sItage in the ulpper Brazos and ( olo
rado valleys are being steadily low-,
r'erl, as muchll as two feet in twenty
four hours at some points, less at
others. And as the vast tide sinks
inch by inch stretches of twisted rail
road track are emerging to the eye
along the higher ground. 1lready
section gangs are working from the
north and south toward the centers
of the desolated country, driving piles
where bridges have been washed out,
straightening tracks that have been
tipped over, ripraping at culverts anti
So far as known, no large railroad
hnrdges have gone out, and this fact
will count more than any otherl tor
early resumption of rail traffic on llthe
Santia Fe, Southern P'acific and K(aty.
.\As the treat flood shrinks aind the
land slho, % its wrinkle'd tace (tinee,
more the seal of death is (lon it. hlere
and theIre in fence angles and thitck-ti>
(orp(l's ar-e tmassed, glhastly renlirlld
ers of the. fully of people who were
warn.ed to flee and took ino heed, and
of others who, hastenini out of tlh
* dry floodgates, were overtaken and
swallowed lup by the remorseless tides
of this savage inland sea.
But if the shadow of death hovers
over the waters, out of their cold em
brace emerges serene the figure of
SCourage, and the light of its presence
is in the sodden valleys. Tragedy is
not utterly desolate when high hero
ism goes along, and the story of the
flood of 1913 is no less emblazoned
with deeds of self-sacrifice than en
gloomed with suffering and bereave
After doing more than $7,500,000
damage, by some estimated as high as
$15,000,000, and taking about 190 hu
man lives, the last of the Texas floods
is at an end. The Colorado river, a
terrible rival of the Brazos, has been
flowing into the gulf and stricken
cities and towns in its wake are be
ginning rehabilitation, while thou
sands of homeless persons are being
cared for. The same conditions, but
worse, prevail in the Brazos valley
below Marlin and above the present
flood zone. Some towns in the valley
are unable to care for the great num
ber of persons saved from the flood.
Crippled railroad service to and from
some of these towns makes the situa
tion more pressing.
Adjutant General IHutchlngs, who
visited Rosenberg from Sealy, report
ed to the governor that conditions
were rapidly returning to normal. At
Waxahachie, Governor Colquitt was
inclined to think that the estimate
of $15,000,000 flood loss is an exag
geration. He declared that liberal
contributions from Texas people were
sufficient to compose the situation
and that no more funds from the
American Red Cross Society would be
needed. The losses from the flood, re
marked the governor, fell mostly on
the shoulders of the railroads.
It is known, however, that the State
has lost rather heavily. The total on
the State farms in Southi Texas has
been estimated at $ini,000. I osses in
the I political subdiivisionrs-bornte by
co.;iitiies ard ci itis--ls larl':a . dlt" to
lht dtesttrulltionl or di-preciation on
roadis, anid the c-arryinc away of
bridte-s. Farmr-rs ha;ve lost compara
tively little in crops-as most of the
harvesting already had been done
but their property losses are consider
All convicts on the State farms in
South Texas have been taken to Ar
The problem of relieving the suf
fering of those who have been forced
out of their homes, penniless and
without clothing. is the most press
ing one in the flooded areas. Many
towns are cut off from rail communi
cation and as their food supplies be
come depleted, face the danger of
famine. In some places water sup
plies are meager and this adds an
other hardship. Nearly all the towns
in which there are large numbers of
refugees are in need of tents for the
sufferers' shelter, of clothing, bedding
The Brazos and Colorado rivers
have merged several miles inland
from the gulf, at points below Bay
City and Columbia, and in a rapidly
widening sea, thirty-six miles in
length, the fury of the floods is be
The floods have rendered thou
sands homeless. In many instances
rescue workers, struggling feverishly
to get out everyone in danger, have
been forced to land hundreds of peo
ple on high ground. At some of these
places the only available shelter was
empty box cars, which the railroads
graciously proffered for use
History of Former BraZOs Floods.
S ,. hittory l)reserved and handed
smat history preserve
dotn, t,. early se.ttlers referring to
Ili n. \,rf u.A. dactin. back to tile
'-,. ' ,. or ,h . Nine 1 .tienti c, entury
,",utnf;tl cn'u r'Ifiok- apPe'ar
.,t., t. t ..;tF 1, . .!, t th a|t
S0' ' lbilit'v
, ' I t tl.,r' , r" t1. t11 : f t e ~
;, ui 1 n al
1.h i i lu i tt " 1 )
St' i.... anr, i t.ird
i, I N'i , )+ !:u ," '' "1 ,, l(v
( ,su ," n . ,ý I ," ')! Il
te l ", tl t l ,,r't ', ti , r I,.'.* t\ f
'1 hi" nh 1 : , 1,1 Ith11:1t
trmoha ti at
1. , :' : m tl' t hi ki" tt
( '; rl' _ ,- f, :en. ' o' l a nd
',"f, I , . I; ;', "1" , in
') ~ :,,i ;,,, i'', Lh t* ' . ay ir
" I ! ,. ., ' li, 1 t ,,,lt':, ,;,t Itraºz o .
ri\ . .. . ; , ,*,",, curvred
iui l'.;:.' ! h ' 1i1i o;:, I , " ''ti that
that I. ,t ; ..i , ,t o tnIIitiamST. ano] t1i
of r.-I r' g .iid hardship to early .et
tier.- :1h1itli 1 mg the upper porti,-n ot
thet red tro
It wta followed in 14:1' by a second
and in 1?52 hy a third Little .ee nms
to be known. except the tact that it
was sa id to baie covered at iniituensi
area, darmaiting stock anul other prop
erty and occasioning loss of lhie and
hardships by the tying uti o! high
ait ys. All that is known of th:at flood,
in spite of the fact that it occurred
within tihe memory of tien tnow living.
are a few verbal accounts told by old
set t lers
Twoi succeeding periods then seem
to have passed either without a flood
or so slight rises as not to have been
recalled and the next was that of
IS5. This date seems to indicate
that thi regularity had b.n't broken
or that lit. pIeriod was a Iteli months
1more1 than ten }ears This flood i:
said to Ihave entirely surlpas.,d the
previtus tIlod in extent and property
t lo;s'. ill the upper part (of the basin.
The low. r lBrar,,s valley i:l, still so
s ~ar'sel' . .'- ttlhd, col )parati t "'.>. that
that fact mlay hale atccout( l t,.,l !~I' till.
s iall ,i nage dlonei in the I,. to)l.s
cl(o'.t to I lle gilf
All lhi l ofd wthich ther, :- ir' .re'
ord ait il, 4 xce't Ilh onf. jult lia<t.
uras ex'..,ild It , that ", ; .unlle and
JJuly, ', th'. T1 i l 1"ol. " that of
I 1 ,,1 . ais ill reI lity a 10ibi, I'i-,', thle
('rests following * iach othler in cl.+e
1 succtession. It was pre( ed, Id by a
period of unusiual drout.h, a condition
that would ordinarily he sipposid to
leave the ground in condition to ab
Ssorb a large amount of the rainfall.
f The flood stage at lihmpste:,aI on
this occasion was 50 feet. or thire(
feet lower than that just past. It was
also higher at Kopperl, W teo and
other points where records were kept.
I There were then no government river
- gauges, but the water lines left by the
- rise were subsequently compared to
gauges established by the government
in 1903 and later.
It is estimated that the flood cover
ed an area, out of the banks of the
stream of more than 2.000 square
1 miles, caused the death of 40 persons
known to have been drowned and re
sulted in losses of cattle, corn and
cotton amounting to $7,412,543. The
exact acreage covered has been es
timated at 1,383,350 according to gov
The cotton losses were estimated at
226,950 bales, carried off by the
stream. The corn loss was estimated
at 4,366,000 bushels. The counties
more greatly affected were McLennan,
Falls. Robertson, Brazos. Burleson,
Grimes, Washington. Waller. Austin,
Fort Bend and Brazoria.
The United States river station re
ports gave the following stages for
the river in the flood ,of May and
June. 1908, the last preceding the
Kopperi, 32 feet; Valley Junction,
51 feet; Hempstead, 43 feet June 1;
Booth, 44 feet June 5.
No estimate of losses has been re
corded in the government reports ac
cessible in Nouston. The corn crop
was planted late that year and the
cotton was mostly replanted.
The date of the present flood would
indicate a seeming return to the old
ten-yt-ar period shown in 18l3, 1843
and 1,52. It is only five years since
the 1.18 flood. but slightly more than -
ten years since a slighter rise that
occurred in 1912.
The work of building levees was be
gun inisolated portions of the upper
stream in 1899, but all eml ;'nkments
built that yearpproved ineffective In
In 1905 levees were built oh the
Rogers plantation in Brazos Count(
only to be topped by the flood of 1908.
Shortly afterward levees were built
on the Sanger plantation in Falis
Individuals began to build embank
ments near Downsville, below Waco,
under the supervision of engineers.
in 1911. The same time levees were
attempted on the Henderson farm in
Considerable survey and prelimi
nary work was }one under the direc
tion of Arthur Stiles, appointed by
the government for that work, follow
ing the appropriation of $50.000 made
by the State legislature in 1909. This
amount was supplemented by $50,000
from the Federal government the
same year. A survey of the Brazoa
was begun from Scaly to Waco.
Thc* first levee districts organized
under the levee district law was ef
fected in Burleson County in 1911, un
der which bonds were voted and the
contract let for the coxstruction of 25
miles of levee. The sare year Brazos
County voted $49,000 bonds under
which 12½. miles were built protect
ing 8,000 acres. This levee was com
pleted in 1911. Wash'ugton ('ounty
voted $57,000 and comstu'ucted sixteen
t:tles to protect 10,0e0 ,cres.
At Rosenberg and in that neighbor
hood nearly a thousand refugees have
round shelter an't care. but many
hundreds of others are ia the bottoms.