Newspaper Page Text
BY M. G. DAVIS: --, 'SS' .n -' - I:S ,.,: .( , AI..." PUBLISHER.
VOL III CITY O AROt OF JEFFERSON, LA., WEDNESDAY, SEPTEMBER 5,1860. NO. 22.
THE SUNNY SOUTH:
Or, The Southerner as HIIme,
Embracing fiva years' Ex Northern
Governegs in the land -f and the
Cotton. A work Editc-- by _. Ingra
ham of liss. Publish-:d by' G. Evans
" The object of :Lis work is t
justice to the Southe'l " Plan
at the same time, afford info
an agreeable form to the N
We copy at page 59, w
ter says :
* * * *
I am already getting rec
slavery, since I find that it doe
reality, exhibit the revolting ho
was taught in the North to disco
it. There are many things to a
and to interest one in the social an
mestic condition of the slaves, and I
almost ready to acknowledge that
African is happier in bondage than fre
At least one thing is certain; nearl
all the free negroes I have ever seen
the North were iniserable creatures,
poor, ragged, and (ftell criminal. Here
they are well clad, moral, nearly all reli
gious, and the temptations that demor
alize the free blacks in our Northern
cities are unknown to, and cannot ap
I have seen a good deal of the African
race since I have been here, and I a
persuaded that they are far more relic
giously disposed than the lower
middle class of whites. There are b
four negroes on the colonel's planta-'
tion, that are not "members" of the
church, and who do not try to square
their lives with the precepts of the
Gospel, so far as they understand them.
'This is the case, I learn, on all the
neighboring plantations, and I am in
formed by the intelligent persons that
it is more or less so throu bout the
whole South. It would thus .niem, that
God, in his providence, has permitted
slavery to be the instrument of chris
tianizing Africa, by .bringing Africa to
Christian shores; and colonization by
reaction on the shores of Africa, is
completing the mysterious dispensation.
In our ride of five miles we met but
three persons. One of these was an
old African with a head as white as wool,
and a face, venerable and lined with
age, and a snowy beard. His appear
ance was striking, and reminded me of
a black patriarch, especially as he wore
a gray blanket over his shoulder like a
mtatle. And let ime remark, that a
blanket completes a negiroe's winter
costume here ; somectilnes it is made
into a coat, but more frequently, for
the advantage of having it as a Covering
at night, wore entire, like a shawl, or a
Spanish poncho. The African was
leading a tall Congo stripling,half-naked
to the waist, who had a hanging coun
tenance, as if he were an offender of
"That is old Juha with his grandson
Toni, tied," said the colonel, as theiy
drew near. "Tom has been playing.
the runaway in the woods these three
weeks. So, uncle Jiban," added the
colonel in the kind, familiar tone is o
which masters here, who are gentlemiln,
address their ,lt1 slaves; " vs, y1've
caught 'l'io 1"
"Yes, mnasoe, iw ctch deo he'rr had
boe ! uIe ,ihlr raij- h .self f' i.ting,"
go!od ,lf he gelt lait oh, runnin' 'w y dlis
way! Old Jofla feel erry shane ohb
him. Me gi, him i1rmlshon, n11(' git himi
home. lie disgraie44 t, iht fodily! -
( ome '1,1ig. 1"" 1iiggerl, a'n' t vt * hlitln
youself, run ot in d1 w,,ood lile I a dog
WVith this apl,,,al, the old man u ave
the th, ig a jrk. and, touching his old
hat in resplc''tf'll halnige to his master
and to on-rse.lve: is "Y',lou g mishsissei,"
dragged hi- rgatntuillin grandsolr of
eighteen yvars oi1 llthe way back to the
"That ,,h.l 4 4/'..r,.'" ..ti.1 the (colonel.
as we r,.h 1n. 4,"his 144 n in my family
lvy my ,i' r;Illihtllltr 4f,,r1,e 11,- 1 vol4* -
4441Il IItI· CtlI f11 ' : II. 141 1 4l;ll l 1i illl'
1h , , " ftrt',, 11 .. , ii - ,, 1 ,,' r-,. I
tilt 4 -tw11 1 ,1 1 , i 414 1 . i" t,! , i- J ,'
ai (4h ,,.4 r th, -. -1 , t ,, - ,\ ,-. h.lf ,f
whlml i1r1 hi- 4 -4 . 4ie l,. 1 I -
i4114 lt I ' r"'g ,, i L. i- .\ fri n .4 / l iiun a <,
whi 4t I ti'- Ii -l, ,k- wh 1 . I I --til1x-,, .k
whtn 1,4 i- . ,1 . 4 , ,r 1,0- h, tr. C ll
hi,1 ,...r4 thl i-h 1 r-tititn'. I1-, - 4,.. r,
1b.04.t Iii- , 'k 4 l4 l ! f a dzn ,h-- - -
him;'ut he would as soon
ing the old man as resis
We had not ri ore than a mile
after'parting wi nd his captive,
when we saw a. nding as
taq as a sh fQreq
g, and a nea
'it was a,
H ncaife i ,~ wie orn
any grove arrel to rst
,time to ob
s, for we stop
notes "talk" with
arrior I was,"having
eneral 1 Jackson' 1.
ears a 'and two if the me
uspende om his neokrw.eo es
upon him, the colonel sai, y
"hero." The Indian was fulL
years of age,. but tiuie ':;
whited a hair in:his loft
stern, dignified as a
moved or regarded us
himi. " e
"Good mornin , Ca
the colonel; "a ne day
You seem to be on the c
The Indian chief smile at
the courteous and bland d
colonel, and answered iiti
tone, that completely carn
idea of a "manly voice."
" Ya, white chief! '!
Deer not much plenty ! God day hunt,
but deer not much plenty ! White man
leave no more deer for Indian rifle !"
and he slowly shook his head, cast his
eyes sadly to the earth and remained
" Wlhy do you and your people not
remove west, chief ?" asked the col
onel.. " You will find vast hunting
grounds there-no white man will in
trude uponyou--ou can there be happy
" Indian never more be great, white
chief !" responded the old warrior, with
a heavy cloud darkening the noblh out
line of his Washingtop like features.
As he spoke, he turned and strode
away with the air and bearing of Forrest
as Metamora,'Pave that -the o)el is imita
tion, and the other naturoe
"Who is that noble looking chief ?"
I inquired of the colonel, for his sullen
prideand solitary condition had inspired
me with a curiosity to,' know h his history.
"That is the celebrated. Crook chief
Nel.istora, was his reply as we resumed
our ride, while the chief disappeared ini
the de(pthli of the woodland. "'II was
alln l.lIof .;aek son's in the Indiani wars.
anld Wi - of great a Isisttiance to the eni ue.
Th'Jie 'i r (ll(r chnllts of civilizatilin otpl,,
hiim lllhutin grolulliils, which weri'' oece
a h.h iircdl chiles in extent, throuligh this
rd. gil', ha '- l.oie lled 1lltst of lis t rihe
to reI Olli e 4to th west of tlme, .li-i-
sip 1i. lit ' he a1d few of his flrinl ;
refulic' to ,o. L f- L.ias swornl, I til tol(d,
upon the'graa'es of his falthlrs, that lihe
Mill never deisert thelli. I it re ail to4
lprtec't an11I1 lie upon them Anl ihe'
will k 'ee p his word. S,,i tiiol hlie i-i
seemi a hulaidreid iiles south of' this, but
h' is lint ver long albsentii f-rom the 'untral
seat of his tribe, whichi is Ia h';itiful
vailley thi iles t, the east allll sollth
pitali s th. tlhr .he hllol ,,f
fi whliri n 'kt a.ll ltl'his olhi-'f
Vire i e lrotholrs, vet hi' .i,-r
ait at A inli'I'i'l: iIi h in '- ri i ,;ir I, .
: li; h-ili o . l, nek-': s gru.,
al ilt , I~e r ita uralinritin iln'
;il l , l,l ,lf (' ii- ln- il!d N ewrv r. <:,
ff l l ,,' l t ] . :". 'V l~i.! *i , il nll ad l .,
the Orpheus and '' Ole Bull" of
e-station. It has been his customi
venings, after the day's work is
over, to seat himself on a bench beneath
a lm that grows in the centre of
an lage or Quartier. Here,
Sfiddle, would gather
ation to dance. At
vea regular lessons to
ors in dancing to t the
'o, rakes their juvenile voices
classic airs of Monditngo and
ea; heredii~ tunes, that have
brought from Africa, and which
ow spTread over the land to such
as "Julian Johnson, don't you
"Old 1)an Tucker," "Long Time
e had just risen from the tea-table,
last evening when old George made his
appearance at the steps of the gallery,
and, baring his bald head, lie bowed
with a politeness of Lord Chesterfield
would have envied, and made us his
"Young Missises and Massa colonel;
old George take de liberty to 'vite you to
come to de dance out door by the ol' elm,
Massa hab giv' me new fiddle, and I take
pleatore togiv' de vwhite folks a concert,
and show de young ladies how my schol
car cepted George's polite invita
as the moon was tull we went
:o e village. We were guided to
the l the bright light shed from halt
aLeeniple torches, help In the hands of
a1-dy67 fricans animated statues, whom
George, had conspicuously stationed to
t upon the scene.
. proached the spot, I was struck
velty, for I have not yet been
ugh here to become familiar with
tantation customs. I have told you
tthe negro village of the estate is pic
rresquely disposed on the boarders of a
tty mere, a few hundred yards from the
e. We crossed the water, by a wick
idge, and had most of the dwellings
e slaves in full view, oscupying two
ets and three sides of a square. The
lights of pine-wood flung a red and wild
glare upon their fronts, and upon the lake.
and upon a group of more than a hundred
Africans of both sexes,.who vOete assem
bled about the tree. It revealed, also, hpre
and there an old man or woman, helpless
through age, seated in their hut-doors,- in
order to enjoy as much of what was going
onas they could.
We already found the dignified George
seated upon his bench, fiddle in hand. On
his right, stood a short, fat negro. holding
a baojovon his left was another slave,
with eyes like the bottoms of China cups,
holding two bellow sticks in his hands.
Behind George was a toothless negress,
having before her a section of a hollow
tree, shaped like a drum, with a dried deer
skin, drawn tightly over it; in her shining
fist she grasped a sort of mallet. Chairs,
assiduously provired were placed for us,
and the buzzing of pleasure, occasioned
by the nutrerqus company of Ham's pos
terity, having subsided, at a majestic
wave of George's fiddle bow, the concert
began ! The first tune was a solo, and
new to me, and so beautiful and simple
that I made old George play it for me to
day in the house, and I copied the innsic as
he did so. lie says his father taught, it to
him. Certainly the negroes have strikinii
native airs, characterized by delightlul
surprises and t(ouchiing s impllicity. Tlht
chief ciculiarity is c!eerfulness.
;eorge havin2 lir.t played a sofstt.rai~n,
the ittlrmn struck in at s,:coni ; then care.
the hoillw -ticks, like c:stano ts, tbut five
ti. , as larie., ho(!!ow, andtl inure nu-ical
;ai,, lastly, the ,,! n rgro s thnuil,el in ,
ine on her billow drumt. 'ite j'r t
tiite, the sweet haruonvy, the novAv ,,i
the .tranutge ,oiuls, the sintgular cimbinh
ationi enchaintted rile. I nmii-t confess, that
I never heard true riisic before ; biut lthen
I sl,,,dlt actknowledge I ; have inot heard
a''y operat; IiIrIu tin ain opr-hntu . -
liit tdo nut t-mile if I say that I bl ite
G(;orr'e and his three aitlers ia:d abettrs
would be listened to witi pleul.' rable
surprise, if they should t m:y : s I ;,card
them play, by a Wulnut stret,. audience.
Recal African neert singers are not how
vver,-in fashion. WVaile men blacked are
oly cot ,,it 1 ftuLt. Is .t it, odL tlhat a
city audiekce wil listen to ijmt/a/ii n0'
gf'e, :ad yet ,les.pise a -concorto cttlopis
id of the -iniin iure-! Aft,.r (;rorg,'
had played sovnrril piro ,ue of which
w;i " Iucy Lgg.I i• I had isv'r
hard it I ,oor,, att h,, rctiv-. ,ur ' po r
o-., hit -:aid, alwayv ."uetkiitn with ii. die
lhiy ot ai,,:,c .
ple" ye i1l . a)e! , . , ..
"stlves.. C iic, t;,,j ,
ni -ers'! Show d hir, Ijok 'h,,w y,,;l
1i ddef crni Jan'e).
f rt uor'hy, , i , t"LF e ,,f littl, ,btrk i .
imfr,, .st'ih ', ,. - t ,g t r. -, oze , ' ir-.
Ii,i crttld I.,,i t,.la ,.d tttir. -i'::: - ft tIh
JI,:,-,, fu f in fr,,t ,f u . ItlL f ,i t - t.,
n.,rt, ,I',rfui-t hii l th , - , I ,l t -o I
skill was covered with but oneu species
of garnmeut, and this was generally ai
very sltcrt and very dirty, coarse
" Now make the dirt fly !" shouted
George, ers he struck up a brisk uir
alone-banjo, hollow sticks, anid drum
The younglings obeyed the command
to the letter. They danced like mad !
The short skirt flalS1 flew up and down,
the black legs were :.as thickly mixed up
as those of a centil:ede walt:,ing; woolly
heads, white eyes, glittering teeth, yells
and wmhoops, yah-yahs, and wou-wous,
all iunited, created a scene that lily
shocked pen refuses t:; describe.' The
little negroes did full credit to' old
George's skill, and he evidelntly felt it..
lie sawed away (desperately till the
sweat rained from his furrowed brow.
He writhed, and rose, and hent over,
and stood up, and did everything hut
lie down, playing all the while without
cessation, and in a sort of rapturlious
ecstasy. Banujo caught the inspiration,
and hollow sticks started after, while
drum pounded away like young thuln
der, yelling a cheaiet ill the wlhia, that
had her grandmother sung it to Mungo
Park, would Luvo driven buim from the
shelter of her hut to the less horrible
howls of the desert. The little Africans
danced harder and harder. 'T'heir par
ents caught the spirit of the momtcent,
and this one, dashing his old cap down,
sprang into the arena, and that one,
uttering a whoop, fellowsed till full fifty
were engaged at onc(e. I never enjoyed
anything so much ! I could fancy
myself witnessing some hieathiien incanu
tation dance in the groves of Africa!
The moonlight shining through thee
trees, the red glare of the torches upol,
them, their wild movements, their
strango and not unmusical cries, Ias
they kept timeo with their voices to their
quick tramping feet, their dark forms,
their contortions, aend perfect abandoI,
constituted a tout ensemble that ,mlust
be witnessed to be appreciated.
Suddenly, in the height of their di
version the plantation bell began to
trike eight o'clock. When the first
troke was heard from the turret of
the overseecr's house, there was a burst
of mingled surprise and regret. They
shouted to each other to, deo their best;
and between the first anld eighth stroke,
take my word for it, Mr.- , morei'
dancing was done, and haIrder, antd
faster, and noisier, than was ever d(,(1c
bIefoi,. ill so smcalhl a limitaticon of time.
It se(ee(led they were all dietoirmined 1to
heal) as much pleasure inllto this ftlelting
space s it, cotuldl contain. With the
last str-;ike, every mllhtI, w. woiL11 an11id
youtgling uttered.l a 3yell, gtve a fittil
leap into thfl air, and with the dlyiing
vibhratlnlin of the bell's s'unmceI lv wes
quiet. Geor'ge. even wais arresl.ted with
his bow ill the air, cand icn ae afttitude of
expiring delight, tas if
" Dying of a tun-i' in Orjl'anir I.1in."
"Good night, boys," said the coelonel.
inll thee cordial frank way lhe hails when he
speaks to his people; "yeu iclhav e enjoye'd
yourselves, and so thave we. (etr-ge,
your pupils, young andl oldl, ea(i you
"'l'ankee, Massa Colonel; I know'dl
you'd I, heorry mnuch gratify. I hope
a'i young aicliesCs e c.1klly c:huredl."
" eVe. ro char(nedi, :( er.e.," I lnn
,(cow, iVwhle(n wi tIo k ,(11 r ,e (1".I t r111t ,. '11 1.
sl v t- l rLI irt ciib tl i.:I, 1 ., II ,w(' 1 t1
ý :1i n (Il . 1I1( 1 to r ll(hes v1 r("1'(" 1' i` r i _'ýiI-11
:t l Iet , r wIr1 r( , 1 r,' :: l , (, , t- ill
d' l J,. Afri'., , zt,.r.
NMclcny of ou'r re lit i, r1-e.eeml,,cer thle
-tIt.ly lpr,..e ntce, t 11f e li",eili, (I (I i
meer impo,-ineg m1neirc ,f i ',I1tol.I \\wce.
(. 'restn, o, Sttouth ('Ciarlilc. It we;t
v iwh te h,.-,c 'tafities were in their pri me.
and I're..tin representeid his State in
the Senate of the Uneited States, that
business eer pla.er'te etallehl h;Ie to fle
West atnd to take. ptcscgi lt detwee tihIc
tMississipie river. Ile tho ei. "'l'tI }I
tctee" the C..t 'cct'ec. WI' -warc creeid with
he -ti.rr , gr .eeelhnt ccccl ,'ce lIe, -, thl .
bItt r ,,litly ,h.-i ,n:ctte, ',trc int
leie.+ e ," hce I.reter "'g occllb , e' tr
l. Ll'".' ,eetcilci fr ,,e -jtp a i,.
Tlhe boat Wi- c.1 ch, ,ve of ,e,,rctre,
anet our Meenetr c ,rite ing ,,c t ,. e tt-ck
tand hleelitnt_ - ccll ccrcae ig, becX, e ,,was
,lc ervi, wice , rtc .:c t imefrest tol 1tleee
Suren t l c. cy c,.n . . lhe. whcret, whe,
ccil ihelivi eeal, Ic, x crict inc ice ci ratheir
,rniccto Pt !, , ,f tire--' , cclr,, eL,.,l hine,
r., i, e,, ti l lnee- ,c, ct In t, ,1 :
"-Cointuence what, sir '" 'asked 'Ii(
'"l'shaw ; none of that gammulon with
tno ! The fact is, a few of us boys o01
board want a little fun, and we won't.
pile it on too strong for you ; so comn,
and open at otice."
"Really, sir," replied Preston, "1 anu
totally at a loss tt)'guess your ncauilug ;
open what ?"
"Open what! why, the bank, of
course Maybe you think that our pile
isn't large enough to make it an.object.
Hiut we're not so poor as all that, any
''l'he Senator mleditated gloomily, but
all was dark to hiu ; he was pltniged
in a sea of doubt, and he never met
any prohlem, not even a political one,
so hard to solve.
l'Perhaps,' broke in his pertinacious
friend, again,after a considerable 1pause,
'Iperlhaps you will say directly that you
are not ia sporting man,'
'I certainly am nothing of the kind,
sir,' rejoined Preston, rather angrily,
'lnrt I can't imagine what put the idea
into your head.'
SNot a sporting man! Whew-w ! I
never lh'ard of such impudence. Well,
if youtLar not a sporting man, will you
phlose to toll me why you carry the
tools about with you?' and he pbinted
to the mahiogany bor which he still
A light broke on Preston's mind.
lThel miahngay box!' he cried. ' Ah,
yes; ha! hh! ha! Very natural mlitake,
inleed, my good sir, very natural, iu
detld! mly good sir; very natural in
died! Well, I will show you the cotl
t,iits.' And laughinlg heartily, hoi
o,lpr'id the box inl quesltion- which, was
in fact., his dressing catse, and displayed
the usual parade of brushes, combs,
razors, soa), etc., which tstually till
lhat. arLticle of traveling 'Itcomrt.
()ur friend looked] at the case, 1h1,i
it Plreston aIgaini. l'hou h hehaved n.
lo ng sigh, imoi then pondered.
'VWell,' he broke out at length, 'I did
take you to he a sporting gentlelana-I
did; but I see you are a tbarber, but it
I'd known it, hamng me if I'd spokon to
you !' And tis, sayirig, " lie vairno,ed.'
I'iliCiy the feolings of our loioraihl
Smnator, ats hr unsurted those varinous
c(lihur ieters il tihe eyes of all anxious
Il/arc You (oit Any Nails ?---A tail,
gawkyv-l,, king cot.,ntrymttan, during thel
lh ighl. ,t, I,,i , iiinss :lleason last fti l, walk
ed into o,e f t,he largest wholesale dry
goods houses in -----. , and entirely dis
rcgareling the int itution of the numer
sil srt.ulsnn ,u to ilspect their latest, plitt
tl.rns, ht' St r1-4)h into 1the co.u ttintg-roomn,
wh-ri the huads of the tstablishiieont
wIere sitting ill soleiiii coic.l.*e. After
taIkll i.g a cursory ghtn',u ofI the rooimi,
and si vuvying attentively the faces of
its eVln t iutits, he askted with an unctions
''",,Ma, ye - got any nails ?"
"Naii, sir ! natils !" repeatled thin
iil't ulig ifiiil Iom oey of Ithe, lot, "no,
sir ; whhat should we do with inils !"
"Wall, I diiio - though itlly he
you i might. Ilaiit got tn,, iilst, lch ?"
•'No,, sir," replliedl l i)o1, ey itglait with
ain iuphinsis, aiil poiirlig to thI doi r.
The inlivie ii Vt ill in rcIh f IIthe nalls
tolok his timnl , hItIft1 , t,,he e',nutiig
In turn ht- askrdl v,.ry ('l, l. th,' suan,+
,n ;ill !t nlal iils fi,,n ,, lie l, il:Ltl.,fl h1e
st,, I. ,,f the , t:llil i ,lt i .t
"\, I l." ,.,l iel ht.i, ingl ItIwa Irhs I the
el, ", l,,:'t I..e ro ;l- 1 , r, noe ,w ."
l'l, It n'u l ril,:, I ,l th . 'O: ,'V l. i.ll, r' i ig
-hn ' sl uI 'ye' g I- that, il44' It lithi )
Iwlv t ' h""Ir i i' il ll i le'iilnl, ph'ttc e tthI
SL,. T , I 1-, i th,, e ,,t, l ih, r,.,,u trv ,n l ',i f"
,l. ste ilg aartterli, 101 t el.s the t"i
it ,l,,. , 41114 a l:,.i ., hin a ,r l, ly,. hvh t.
Ihl' v.enlt, ,I the e,,.
\ I'ý ,'' siiid the -ot',- tyaI' n, As5
co l, ;t., It (',1"w lttl., r, 'I wat t. a t : kllow if
you'' e got ;oy Inil is i"
"Y'tth.---but Iy u r.ei lly ntin't _t l ii ,
"Mlike," .id thx reow-.yt,,e-rr ,,n
an s. i. rmuil t,,*re.<'ive