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BY M. G. DAVIS: "THE 'SUN' SHINES FOR ALL." PUBIJSHER.
VOT IIT. CITY OF CARROLLTON, PARISH OF JEFFERSON, LA. WEDNESDAY, MAY 22, -861ý NO. 96.
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The Gipsies.--BY RF.. E. E. ADAMS.
Our subject is "The Gipsies." We
turn to it from no especial predisposi
tion, from no feelings early awakened
about this mysterious and wandering
people, much less from the cause which
they themselves assert for the early and
continued interest felt in them by Ror
row, the chronicle of their Spanish
tribss namely, that his soul once ten
anted the body of a gipsy.
This is a race of human beings but
little known among us. Indeed the im
presion is not a rare one, that they are
a .kinfd of semi-human, semi-superna
tural beings, that they are wizarbs and
witches--can fly over the sea, enter the
crqck f a door, and hover about mor
You ar'e probably aware that the siilgu
lar people of.whom we spea:k, are wan
dering, tribes, securing a precarious
liting, without the advantages of fixed
laws and social organizations. They
were first known in Germany in 1409.
Nine years later they were seen in
Switzerland, and twenty-four years
after in Italy, whence in the course of
five years they found their way into
France, Spain and Great Britain. At
the present day their numbers are few
in France. In England there are about
18,000; in spain (i0,000 ; in Ilungarj
50,0000; in Tarkey as many more,
Constantinople being thronged with
them. Great numbers are met with in
Russia. There are not less than700
000 in the world. In %.hatever country
they are found, they 1preserve their pe
culiar habits and language, and are dis
tinct from all other people in their feat
ures and personal manners. In Tur
key they are distinguishable by their
dark eyes, h'rows, complexion, and
black hair, and by averse on to labor,
and propensity to petty thefts. And
these are their charteristics in all lands.
T'here are great numbers of gipsies in
Persia. Many speculations have been
indulged with regard to their origin.
It has been alprevalent notion that they
were o(f Egyptian - their name
being considered as indicating the
.orne. But those who suppose them to
be of H1indostance or Sudar extraction I
have much the best iroof on their silde.
A real gipsy has an fel , a counten
noce, mouth, hand, ankle, and qunick
ness of manners s:trcogly indicative of
. The testimullony of the mostt intilligent
travellers, many 'f w nhm haInve long
resided in India. fully confirmns this
opinion. And indeed persons who have
not visited the Asiatic continent, but
have seen natives of Hlind;,stan, have
noticed the marked similarity of man
ners and features existing between them
and the gipsies.
The Hindo Sudar delights in horses
inkering. mu.-ic. and fortune telling
so does the gipsy. In Moscow the
gipsies have, by their skill in music,
realized an amount of. wealth and so
cured such a reputation as to have mar -
ried into distiguishell Russian families.
They adopt the Greek religion, but
only to please the Emperor, and seoure
to themselves in consequence, a mire
permanent footing in the country. :
They resemble the Sudar tribes of In
dia in their wandering habits, in their
light tents and blankets, The Sudars
eat the flesh of nearly every unolean
creature, nor are they careful that the
flesh of such creatures should be fresh.
The gipsies imitate them in this dis
gusting choice of food. Dogs and cats
are eaten by them, and even carrion.
It is a common saying among them,
'That which God kills is better than that
killed by nan.' In this respect how
ever, they ire improving.
The strongest evidence of the Hin
doo origin is found in the great resem
blance their own language bears to the
Hindostanee. Grollmani distinguish
ed student of languages, states that
twelve words of every thirty in their
vocabulary are either pure Hindost
anee or intimately related to it.
This language they calt gibberish,
and believe it to have been invented by
their forefathers for secret ,purposes.
It is not peculiar to one-or a few of
their tribes, but commion to all in
Europe and Asia.
Bishop Heber records in his journal
an account of an oncamnpmant of
wretched tents of mats with baskets,
ponies, goats, &c., so like gipsies he
had seen in England, that on asking
who they were, he was surprised to hear
his guide give them that very name.
A well known nobleman of England,
who resided many years in India, taking
shelder under a tree during a storm,
near a camp of gipsies, was surprised
to hear them use several words which
.he will knew to ,be lHindostanec, and i
.going up to thetm found them able to
converse with hint in that language.
A returned missionary met a gipsy
at the house of Father iCrabbe, the gip
sy's friend,Sonthrmnpton. England,hav
ing conversed with her a ,long time in the
language of Ilindostan, declared that
her people must have once known that
Lord Teignmouth, who knew the In
dian langJage, once said to a gipsy
-The burra tasctur,' that is 'Thou art a
thief.' She immediately replied, 'No,
I anm not a thief. I live by fortune
telling.' W\andering tribes have been
found in Nubia, who have for centuries
conversed in the sare dialect. The
name of this people has induced many
to suplpose that they had an Egyptain
origin; but there is nothing in their
habits or language, or reminiscences,
that indicates such a fact.
And yet they may have derived their
name from the fact of having passed
through Eglppt into the European nan
It is believed b)y those who have had
the best opportunity to study t he mat
ter, that in the earliest years of the 14th
century, there was a general migration
of the Sudars, a caste among the
Asiatic Indians, ,cc(asionetd b1y the li
savages of ''imar Bieg, who having l,
come a Mohanlnedlran, took up arns
for the purpose of traking rIrslyteil
to that indolatry. 'l'lso S ,ilar., bhe
irng of the ,lowest (.n-t., nid unalIle ,I
find sympathy or shieltr ati inig tlho
other cuastoes, fled, and having .sci1.n, Il
the armies of Tl'ilr, fulnd their way
int, thIe neighl ,,ring c untiirit.i.. ThIy
wore a thh.grad n l,, lte: ,.n, inehr.l
as the lnwest ,f thie hiunrii , ran,, a ,i
with tn army v ,.ekiiig their ni.striu tion,
they had erecrv mitivo t, leave. alnd
none to, remain in their nitive bul,.
l'erhaps the m,,iet ttural en Lr-n nr
them on their way:v to E:r,',,. a;t, ,v\
the )Persian d.,e4rt, alnr tlIe I', r-ini
Gulf tn the ni,,,,th of ti, :,:nronm ..
thence to ]his;ra iiinf, thre ,i -ert ,f
Arabia, and thnme int,, Eyltgpt hr the
But a fcw vr-~. t'ru:,c thi- ;,,ni,,d
they were spread into all the European
nations. They never visit the Norman
Islands, and but few visit Ireland;
They consider the name Gipaiee as dis
graceful, probably because it seems to
be synonymous with crime and va
grancy. Their Indian name is Zin
garee or Cincari. Along the Gan
ges they are called Noth or Beania
the former sigmfying a rougue the lat
ter dancer or tumbler.
Having escaped the sword in their
own country, they were obliged to live
by plunder in other lands.% Indeed, in
the 15th century they became dari
geroas and burdensome in the nations
which they visited. They came by
thousands over the Pyrenees into Spain
swept along the Shores of its rivers,
and plundered the husbandmen who
were without defence.
Throughout Hungary, France aind
England, they. were like so me" y
locusts.. Laws were enacted against
them. They were at length not only
resisted and brought somewhat under
legal regulations, but measures were
carried to the extreme, and they were
persecuted every crime in the land,
where the perpetrator was not disco
vered, was charged upon the gipsies.
They were executed for the smallest
offeee, and even on suspicion or on
most'flimsy and even false testimony,
until at length they were obliged to live
bounnin"- and plunder. Within a
few years, the English and Prussian
laws have been more lenient, and the
result is, that the gipsies are more
submissive and less, troublesome. In
England they have come under the
influence of Christianity and many
have shown a truly religious spirit.
We hope for them at length a Chris
tian civilization and the blessings of
refined nationalty.--Donleavy Literary
Quit What ?-Quit telling your
innocent, confiding, trembling children
about ghosts and hobgoblins. You are
throwing a sorrow upon their hlorts
that will cling there through life. How
many mothers there are who quiet their
children by saying 'the bug a-boos will
conme and take you off'-'Comri old
nigger, coine anid-well, will you Iush
The poor child believes all its own
mother says, and why shoulldn't it ! It
ought to believe. That is its filial duty.
The so hing, tlitUtering heart is quiet
ed, but not colimrosed. 'l er teIartful
eyes clio,. i aIL sleelp (of terror; a. weary
broken rest follows: the child ldrin.s
but oh! who can tell thie saultess of It
child while it dramrs il, a slee, fright
t:ned in it by alarms of all tIhat is ter
rible and relulsive ?
Such in human treatment endangers
the mind, tihe intellect. ,Mothers, io
ware Aind see that 1it nutrse or ner
vant, or older brother or Fister, drive
arrows of grief to the very soul of your
child. A sorrow curly planted and
watered by tears will bring forthl a har
vest of h,itterness and of (hdespair.
How conruinii a habit is this to teach
childri n to fear iriseea dangers at
nightfall! The l,eaeeful iight--so full
of swootnes. , arnd the night that brin -t
thie h o yiivil driI , II f dew to i ,u. s the
11t w-rs aind refr sh th~,, la vi.s, the
ni,,hit that hrini.zi re-I to lhi. w ai.ry, t i
dar.ii t tiri ,f ntil, i i lie ti d tenr
tilde tt elhililrein. W'hat wii elini-ss.
Wihy it is IRlasjiii-iiy ti iiiaki- tie lit
tle ones belii ,vr, that (1,,1 ',rgets theiu ,
ailni seldr to'liininterti toi t lr'iro le tin-u, ili
tire ilt'it w-athlii . f thi' night.
l'iri-nt, tihink ,f tlri.-. Sic tihrt vyen
Vire I -,S, .,,/h( r'},, ' , . "'.:" ,-, Li , ,
A Liar.-Among many anecdotes
of Buena Vista, one beats all others.
An Arkansas soldier wounded,asked an
,tishman to help him off the field.
The latter did so by enabling hint to
mount and strapping him to his horse,
riding himself before. During the
ride the ptor Arkansian had his head
shot off unknown to his companion.
Artiving at the doctor's quarters, the
Irishman was asked what he wanted.
' I brought this man to have his leg
drepsed.' ' Why,' replied, the doctor
'his head is off!' The bloody liar !
exclaimed Mike, looking behind him
' he tould me was only shot in the leg!'
[ (From the Philadelphia Evening Post.]
^'g s ITnebtrte.
#ao tavern b'er the way,
Vou can see him, be the day
Hot of cold :
His hat's tvithout a brim,
But 'tis all the same to him,
And they call him "Whiskey Jittli
I am told; .
]Bright and: ea y he is there,
iij the old a tomed chai!,
.'. B1y }}*>e stove;
And all day, I really think,
hat he doesn't even wink,
And, except he's asked to drink,
Does not nite.
At night, withalf-shod feet,
Does he shamble through the street;
S0rarr sight :
All his friends have long since fled,
He's without a homoN or bed,
Or a roof to shield his head
From the night.
Long ago he had a wife,
And he loved her as his life ;
But she died:
And, they say, to find relief,
And to make his life Imore brief;
In the glass to drown his grief,
lie has tried.
God forbid we should upbraid
Him, for the wreck he's made
Of himself :
There's another nioto to banme,
Who has written out his name
On the brilliant scroll of Fame,
With his pelf.
But his glass will oon 1,e run,
And to ])Death, the mii ghity one,
lie will yheld
'1'hten the verdict we shall see
" l)ied of drinking and penury."
" I'Otter's Field."
[ O1 I'I 'IA 1.J
POLICE JURlY--'AltISI! OF JEFFERSON
I. I: '" tI' I: A N .
S r'rlIi lO ," MatN1,A\, MlILy (;, 1(;1.
'reset : Hl, . \'Willai,n \l itholf,
,Messr.. I.. ('. Terret, 1,. i.. Levy,
.1. Miller, \Villiami'islh, IR. 1.. Pir,.stn
and N. Hitlz.
,Ir. l',errit in l)eh,!r of t.4 Po',lice
Co,"mmitte." r,.ported the 1 rr t ..1f f,,ur
T'iho inittane' ('[,,1nl itt,, rt.irled
favorlly ,n the fllowing billk.
Jacobl, Viyel............. iI; (IN
EI;. l'uis..o, .......... ... .. I! 19 i.,
on mo,,tio, of M,'. IBetz, thi a,,,ve
vAeru,- e ,,rhe ,,d to he paid.
Th,1 'ilr,"-ur,'r's L4eports were ratl,
anl! j ,, tii ,f Mr. J'errertwEr l'p
j4 [liv '41.
1.l i I, ' I ' iLdcj I Iix,
I 1, l. , .- l' . , ,, 4),4 ,'4 . ..
I' :v~r I 4i-tri' ..... II
I i " . i l 11 i
A communication from the New
Orleans Canal Company addressed to
Wm. P. Duncan, on the subject of the
Breakwater at the Lake Shore, stating
that the iesolution passed by the Police
y at the last sitting was not explicit
otion of Mr. Preston, the subject
was referred to the same Special Com
mittee a pointed at the previous sitting
Tt n~y reported 'vrhally that
his op tion to the houtblogation of
the '' u of the Draining Commis
sio,'orshad been set aside.
A ebtmmunication was received from
Mr. John Hoey on the subject of a
settlement amicable in relation to a
judgment obtained against him for
Mr. Preston moved that said commu
nication be referred to the Finance
Committee, which motion was lost.
Qn motion of Mr. Levy it was
Resolved, That the communication of
Johni Roey be referred to the Attorney,
and that said Attorney be authorized to
take goo4and solvent security for the
e same, without novating
e resident han4ed in the follow
filg communication on the .object of
the Twenty-Five Hubdred Ddolars
Bolnds issued by this Polioe Jury in
favorof the ",Mounted Guards of
S .GENTLEMEN i In0 aocordan0e wtih
4yeasolutiokm of last sitting, I have
a 0 Five eonds of Five Hundred
D6114x, p ng eight per cent
interest tiýble one ,year after
date, a handed the same to
Captain I herewith` encloso
you hisk $pt for the same. I ant
pioud tttte to the Jury that most
of the Bonds have been discounted
by citizens of the Parish.
All Of which I respectfully submit,
(Signedt,) WM. MITHOFF,
:A lon of Mr. Perret, the same
waa ed and approved:
A"%6ionunigatlou from Mre. Kitter
mn on the subject of paying only
one half of her Lictnee of One Hun
dred Dollars for Keeping a Coffee
Ihouse at Kennerville, taking into
consideration that she had kept open
only three monthls and a half, was on
motion of Mr. Preston gr'anted.
The report of the different expendi
tures created by the (Commissioioer of
Public Works for (Grooenvilla. stating
the different amnounts expended, rind for
what purposes, was on motion of Mr.
Miller received and apprveod.
The Returns of the Election hold
on the 8th day of April, 1861, for the
Election of Three (commissionors of
Public Works in the Village of Greon
villo, was rlad, and votes counted
fronm which it appelared tlitt Frank
I iaynes. Jacob WVolf, Rtoger I)aimonte,
were duly elected.
A pe"tition from Hesoidents of reoeii
villo in reliation to ce(rtain I)sOrns
ob)l1oxiouil tli hlie ctoloiiiiuuiint IVIL was 11
lootiton of M1 r. Levy laid on the table.
I',tittions wereo receivedi from inhlialbi
antos of Kelnellrvi lle ald IIlrtsviile,
as ing to forum themseol es into (Compa -
nisn or P'atrols, and ausking the Jury
to ,lp joint on14 said Ml'ie ,er' is as ('aptain,
was 11on mot1ii, of 'Mr. Levy referrod
to the l'inall ce (',onlllunitt(eo.
A 1petition from peihrsons roslding in
the nelighblorhood of I'a;lhUior street,
askiiing the .Jury to ol)1in1 said street,
1111 i bilinding thlilein4s lv' s to fill pi tihe
poind, which is noIllw 01 of tI lit ircu( -
stne'("s, was ol motIiom of Mr. L.evy
ref'crried to I I onunliiitte! iof tlhree.
'i'ie I'residil' t , aili n 1t4 d Mii M x -rs
IL rdv', I'rstoli atlld I'crrt lon saiil1
( ' lI, ilittee.
16r. I'resto, ufllr;.e.d thle following
rE'.lll litl li1.
:,rsolveI, ''That tl Syinlie be 1y i is
IIlile'hy iilitiizl'l4 to lonti:lld'ct with
Ii', u1",r l'p r iwdi . f ,i lor t1h ill l .'1" (of (co1
.tr1rtlil i', ti 14 nec 1''. llary IBriI~.d4s 011
l," azi/. ill rIr e Idl.
Thl, f,,llowiiig gent itlm woro
410,td I y 1 c'liCvlll tin l i4 Sill h ol
i)ir't i' for the ',huliie ,ui ,,odul of
t' I'nri,-h f,,r h, I le insuinig year.
Secoltd I)istrict :
Third I)i.trict :
llxNl I.IN.lIl Nmo~ S l' ,i ll,,W A'.
A c(dlllliilliiiltton wVII- .1 I'l'dcei fritoll
tilly foir ',id ilt e'. Id kili'- the i' l"ii.I
fr Aictjive. Sirvicd,, w)is lIi iIo Iti',l in )
Ir. 'rt1 ,id I ,1 ,,I tilh' tblide.
I l.d l... .'h ... of 1 4. ev . tll. .a1,)'