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The Colfax chronicle. (Colfax, Grant Parish, La.) 1876-1877, August 12, 1876, Image 1

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THE COLFAX CHRONICLE.
mn ~ntpcncu i ournal, bcbnt~cb to a frrl anb 6cntral ~eius, titcraturt, Sriente, Agriculture, etc.
VOL. I. COLFAX, GRANT PARISH, LA., SATURDAY, AUGUST 12, 1876. INO. 6.
ý ýoifYaQl rohud t.
pBLIJHED EVERY SA1CRDAY, BY
J. M S-WEE1EY
TERMS:
O.e year, in advance, ..... .- -
teree mouths, `c . - - - 5
ADVERTISING RIES:
i SSr, ( . I len space) $t insertion,
-.; each tcl"Ieinent iymt fon 75 etn.
-U factions of " square targ'ed as a
(a ll uare, unless otlhem!as agrited
SCards. f a PersonalAtttire, when
eiamible, rhirgid at duatlk rates.
profe.iomlal anhd lihtis Cards,
of one ureI, O10 per year ; two
suarea, $15.tK.
C.KsnDDATES ANNoi'NlENTS - :-.
The cash mint ill evelyaltntalcl ac
esmpany the etler.
,tue. l Vear
MI5 g---l- $5
iColali l I o $2 1) $4'
W All ad ,.tiSi,.nnt~sent to this
Oce,lwhen nlNt lctl -L e p'.eitied, will
be inzerted tillfolhid, ad charged ac
tnlingly.
p" Obituary and ! trrig,' not ice of
ertoleoe twleUt il nlt cgl;t ehtaged as
Idvertinelr uts.
!' Transient adiv, timientti paya
1i nadvanre. ; Ir:lhrt&elyls4. ullm, thly
iaadvance; yearl ald-. qarte.rly in ate
tamer except by Awcial estract.
If alvertiseelnmts :tee lot Laid for
Swhen the time' ,pir's ft ' hich they
have Ieenl ordertl,t Ile pbllh.sheil, tlihey
ehall be eollilnuelid and pglnet exacted
Is, the full tilme h1ey speared in the
JOB WOI:K inI1t hIe pid for onil de
livers.
SITTING B 'S HISTORY.
BT CO 1 ,r ilf .
FPm the Little k n.ling Star.]
The New Yo l:,.d latel. bad
alotice of sa t4 %i.;
Sketch of thela ,ii ,ting Bull,'
whI has reomt come into such
pominence byte d ath of Gen.
ter and his ompmions. This
book is a great ariosty. It pur
poets, by meanef pitures drawn
by himself, to luatate some of
the most distituiaed feats of
valor in the life f one of the most
remarkab Jniani which the
econtry has procel. If the life
of Sitting Bull : depassionately
considered he met take high rank
among the unlet-hr savage mili
try chieftains inmiary. His re
tet battle with is Crook lihs
hia away out of tOist of vulgar
mvages, and gives a claim to
be considered a !fil general.
The manner in wh' he disposed
his forces, taking t utage of the
tpography of th battle field
'heever it prese.' itself, and
hiskillful manoetra., to divide
Clook's forces, anI,(b desperate
matner in which hlot: lit to pre
test the union, f tl if, ces after
w had divided t:. i, ow this
'ihttered Indi,, '"b. a natiual
general i. e,, were to
isace the enem, '. etº , land this
- did in a very arSwly manner.
treatment t Later shows
Sto beas cuunn in strategy
r he is skillful in hisactice.
1NGo BURCLL'8 cOO D''TAT.
He decoyed the blve cavalry
into a defile tthe moun
where he fell aSrey to the
who doubtless urrounded
From my knowlge of In
ehtaracter and tact, I think
Sery doubtful wheter Custer
able to inflict any ery severe
on his foes. A *ord more
to the tactics of ~tting Bull
then I shall have eme to the
history of the boo referred
-p the beginning ofthis com
ion. The plan ! the Fed
ladersor Iperhaps it would
-ore proper to say lader, for
Sheridan had to doubt
d the campaigi which
Terry and Gibboty are ex
" -contemplates tie cornm
biped movement of three separate
ineding columns. Crook leads
one from the neighborhood of old
Fort C. F. Smith on the south;
Terry's forces move from the east,
lelow the junction of the Missouri
1 sad Yellowstone, and Gibbon's
brees come from the north-west.
The forces of Terry and Gibbon
,ere to make a junction some
there near the mouth of the Lit
to Big Horn, and then move
iainst the Indians. Ctook's com
nand was to come in from
tie south, driving the Indians
lack upon Terry and Gibbon, and
tins force them into a cul de sac.
The tactics of Sitting Bull seem to
live been, those pursued by the
g~eat Napoleon in his famous cam
pmign of 1814, and were the same
pactised by General Lee at Rich
amnd in 1864-65, when the armies
of Grant and Butler, the one from
the Rapidan the other from the
Janes, were operating against
the Confederate capital. In mili
taty parlance, he is moving on in
teior lines, which, being shorter
than those operated on by his en
emies, enable hinl to strike them
with great rapidity in places re
mote from each other. This he
seems to have done, for after his
battle with Crook he immediately
planted himself acrose the path of
Terry, and with what effect the
melancholy fate of Custer and his
command too plainly tell. Acting
on these interior lines, which he
seems so well to know how to do,
hi Las his enemies at immense dis
lvi!v~gie, and before he can be
muan curred or fought out of his
position there must be a great sa
crifice of life. That he will soon
be driven out by one or the other
of these means, or both, there can
be no doubt.
NOW FOR THE TRUE HISTORY
of the "Pictorial Life of Sitting
Bull," drawn by himself. In 1869
10 I was stationed at Fort Buford,
at the mouth of the Yellowstone,
as a part of a garrison under the
command of Lieut. Col. Morrow,
Thirteenth Infantry, now coin
manding at Little Rock Barracks.
Col. Morrow had been successful in
not only fighting the hostile tribes
that infested the country around
the fort and sometimes attacked
detatchments of troops, but also
in winning the confidence of the
friendly Indians. He was anxious
to meet Sitting Bull, who had sent
more than one party to the neigh
borhood of the fort, and to arrange
for a visit from the Indian chief he
sent several Indians as a sort of
embassy to his camp. Gel. Mor
row proposed that Sitting Bull
should come to Fort Buford with
not more than ten warriors, under
a pledge for his personal safety.
The spring was approaching, when
the streams would all be swollen I
by the freshets, and Sitting Bull
declined to come at that time, but
made an indefinite promise of a
visit in the future. By way of
showing his regard for CoL Mor- 1
row, of whom he had heard so
much, he sent him a volume of his
autobiography, saying there was
another volume which would be
sent at another time. The Indian
by whom the message and book
were sent proved untrue to his
trust and sold the book to one Ed
ward Lambert for a few pounds of
sugar. Lambert gave it to Dr.
Kimball. The facts allleaked out,
and Col. Morrow permitted the
surgeon to retain the book for the
purpose of sending it to the army
museum at Washington, but di
rected that two fac similes of it
should be aade by Corporal O. S.
Marlton, E. Company, Thirteenth
Infaatry. This was done, and
Col. Morrow has one of them in
his possession and I have the other.
Th3 book is curious, not only as
illustrative of the life of a famous
Indian, but is valuable also as an
exporent of Indian pictorial art,
and the true history as to how it
came into the possession of the
white man is worth presesving.
SITTING BULL'S EARLY LIFE.
This article is already long, but
I will add a little about the early
history of Sitting Bull. He is a
Sioux or Dakotah Indian. For
several years he lived at Fort Rice,
on the Missonri river, and was
known as "Blanket Indian." This
is a term of scorn or derision
among the Indians, and is applied
to Indians who "hang around"
the military posts and wear the
white man's blanket instead of the
Indian buffalo robe, for you must
know that the robe is the Indian's
badge of manhood. One day, for
what reason is not known, a sol
dier struck Sitting Bull a blow.
That was the blow in whose train
has followed a long list of heroic
deeds, and which has shaped the
Indian policy of the United States,
and to which the death of Custer
and his command may be immedi
ately traced. That blow aroused
the spirit of a great soul which
until then had lain dormant. He
at once flew to the desert, where
he organized a band from the dis
affected of all tribes and made un
relenting war on the whites; and
from that period-about ten years
ago-to this he has been the terror
of the country, from the falls of
Missouri to Fort Randall, and
from the borders of Montnaa to
the Devil's Lake. On the 17th of
May, 1868, Sitting Bull attacked
the village of Mussell Shell, one
of the tributaries of the Upper
Missouri. I was at the time en
camped with a detatchment of
troops near the town, and but for
the aid I afforded he would have
taken the place. He renewed his
attack on the 24th, and captured
nineteen head of cattle, after kill
ing two of my men, who were at
the time guarding the herd. I
recaptured the herd. All accounts
agree that he is a brave man and
an enterprising warrior, and recent
events indicate that he is possessed
of some, at least, of the higher
qualities of generalship.
ABDUL AzIz's TREASURE. - The
search for the treasures of the de
posed Sultan is still in progress,
writes a correspondent from Con
stantiople. Muri Pasha, a brother
in-law of the Sultan Murad, has
already delivered 1,000,000 lire to
the Minister of Finance. Many
of the Royal diamonds have been
discovered, including the largest
diamond in the Royal Treasury of
Turkey, known by the name of
Tschoban Taschi, the "Shepherd
stone," which for several years has
been missing. Sultan Abdul Aziz
one day had it fetched from the
Royal Treasury and never return
ed it again. He was rumored to
have given it, within a year or two,
to some commonplace scamp that
had crept into his graces. But it
was discovered among the treas
ures of his mother.
"My son," said an affectionate
mother to her son, who resided at
a little distance, and expected in a
short time to get married, "you
are getting very thin." "Yes, mo
ther," he replied, "I am, and next
time I come think you will see
my rib."
Gen. Frank Nichols.
From the N. O. Democrat.]
General Francis T. Nichols,'our
candidate for Governor, is a native
of this State, born in the parish of
Assumption in 1832.
His father, Judge Thomas Nich
ols, was one of the ablest and most
talented jurists in Louisiana, and
for m L vears a Justice on our
Supreme Bench.
Gen. Nichols entered West Point
in 1851, when nineteen years of
age; four years later he graduated
high in a class that included many
other illustrious names. Breveted
as second lieutenant in the Second
Artillery, he was assigned at once
to regular duty in the war ,against
the Seminole Indians in Florida.
The Seminoles defeated and sub
dued and the war concluded, he
was ordered to duty on the Cali
fornia frontier. He remained in
California only one year, resigning
his command in 1856, and return
ing to his native parish of As
sumption for the purpose of prac
ticing law. There, with the single
exception of the five years of the
war, he has ever since resided.
When the late war came upon
us, Gan. Nichols was among the
first to offer his services to the
State; he, with the assistance of
his brother Lawrence (killed sub
sequently during the war) raised
a company in Assumption and the
neighboring parishes, which was
assigned to duty in the Eighth
Louisiana regiment, with General
Nichols q captain. At Camp
Moore, iBln his company joined
this regiment, he was at once
elected lieutenant colonel.
He was'with Stonewall Jackson
in the campaign in the Valley of
Virginia, and among the most
trusted officers of that gallant and
honored commander. At Win
chester, the first serious fight of
the campaign, he was dangerously
wounded in the arm while charg
ing the enemy at the head of his
regiment.
His elbow was badly shattered
by a ball and an amputation of his
left arm became necessary. The
wound became serious, and for
some time his life was despaired
of. While in this crippled condi
tion, his life hanging by a thread,
the army was forced to fall back,
and the wounded, among them
Gen. Nichols, fell into the hands
of the enemy.
He was exchanged in September,
1862, and appointed, as soon as he
had joined the army, Colonel of
the Fifteenth Louisiana Regiment;
and within a few days of this pro
motion, further promoted as Gen
eral of the Second Louisiana Bri
gade, then stationed at Freder
icksburg, and embracing the First,
Second, Tenth and Fourteenth
Louisiania Regiments. With this
brigade he fought in all of Stone
wall Jackson's fights, participating
in all of hi victories, and even fell
wounded again upon the same
field with his commander. At
C~hancelloreville a ball passed thro'
Gen. Nichol's horse, shattering
his ancle and necessitating an am
putation of the leg.
Crippled and maimed as he was,
Gen. Nichols refused to leave the
army. He was unable to do field
duty, but was assigned to the com
mand of the Lynch'ourg District,
and subsequently to Texas. When
peace released him at last from
service-for he could not leave be
fore peace came-he returned to
his native State and parish, and
here, among us, he has ever since
res.ided, engaged in planting and
in the practice of his profession
law.
Gen. Nichols has held no office;
has been no politician, in the un
pleasant meaning of the word;
but, on the other hand, he has
never neglected a single duty of a
good citizen; has interested him
self in the political condition, the
prosperity, the happiness of our
State.
He was unwilling, at first, to be
a candidate at our State Conven
tion, and it was only at the earn
est solicitations of Louisianians,
who saw in him the safety, pros
perity and redemption of the State,
that he yielded to the feeling of
duty and accepted the leadership
of our people. His militarycareer
has shown us what we may expect
from him in civil life, untiring
work, every sacrifice imaginable.
What admiration all feel for
him cannot be better shown than
in the following compliments to
him, wrung from the Republican.
Blinded as that bheet is with mal
ice, bigotry and hatred of our peo
ple, it cannot find a word, a whis
per against our champion; it can
not but confess tha.t every man,
white and black, in this State,
would be benefited-would rejoice
over his election. Listen to it :
"This is the gallant record of a
man who has never been a politi
cian and whdse leanings are en
tirely liberal.
"The nomination of General
Nichols, it is believed, would sound
the recall of all the White League
armies and bulldoging frauds in
Loui~ana. Gen. Nichols woul4
scorn to be elected by any of the
appearances that would make arti
ficial majorities by keeping colored
men from the polls. He would
welcome honest defeat rather than
wrong any one of his vote."
Though it cannot cease its slurs
against the people of this State, it
cannot say a word against him.
Gen. Nichols has lost two limbs,
his left arm and leg. He is slight
ly below the medium hight, but a
man of fine and soldierly appear
ance. He is an accomplished law
yer and an excellent linguist,
speaking both French and English
fluently. He is a true and devoted,
a noble son of Louisiana, and is
worthy of the honor proffered him.
Influence of Newspapers.
The Boston Traveler states that
a school teacher, who had the
benefit of a long practice of his
profession, and had watched close
ly the influence of a newspaper
upon the minds of a fam
ily of children, gives as a re
sult of his observation that, with
out exception, those scholars of
both sexes and all ages who have
access to newspapers at home,
with those who have not, are :
1. Better readers, excelling in
pronunciation, and, consequently,
read more understandingly.
2. They are better spellers, and
define with ease and accuracy.
3. They obtain a partial know
ledge of Geography in almost half
the time it requires others, as the
newspaper has made them fami
liar with the location of important
places and nations, their govern
ments and doings.
4. They are better grammarians,
for having become familiar with
every variety of style in the news
paper, from the commonplace ad
vertisement to the finished and
classical oration of the statesman,
they more readily comprehend the
meaning of the text, and conse
quently analyze the construction
with accuracy.
One county in California has
150,000 acres of wheat.
The Mixed Pn lation of New
From the New Orleans Democrat.]
New Orleans ranks second in
the United States, probably second
in the world in the variety of its
population. Only in the far East,
in Constantinople, Vienna and
Alexandria are more languages
spoken and more races represented
than here.
San Francisco ieads among the
cities of the United States, being
completely foreign, entirely un
American an un-Anglo-Saxon in
its habits, its population and its
ideas. New Orleans has always
borne a similar reputation, and
played the part of an American
Paris, where the tastes and lan
guage of every traveler could be
suited, which was in fact cosmo
politan, and therefore free from
those narrow ideas that affect most
American towns, and which dis
play themselves in blue laws pro
hibiting theatres or concerts on
Sunday, the sale of liquor, etc.
How varied the population of
New Orleans is, perhaps no one
can tell who glances simply at the
United States census.
In Canada the census is not
taken only by nativity but by pa
rentage, that is, the habilans or
descendants of the original French
settlers are classed as "persons of
French descent," although per
haps their ancestors have not seen
France for five or six generations.
A similar plan was proposed for
the United States by the late New
York Bepublic, but has not been
carried in the last censas.
The following table, showing
the proportion of the races inhab
iting the city of New Orleans, was
carefully prepared from the United
States and State censuses, the di
rectory and other sources. It is
apparently a close approximation
of the truth. It may be useful so
showing the relative strength and
influence of the different classes
of our population :
American and English........... 37,767
French and Creole............. 35,067
German descent .............. 34.245
Irish descens.................. 3,321
Spanish descent .............. 5,433
Jewish.......................... 3,764
Italian descent.................. 3,477
Scandinavian descent........... 81u
Other white races ............. 1,000
Negroes..................... 35,446
Mulattoes.................... 18,310
Chinese, Indians, et............ 900
Of the persons of American pa
rentage, of course a large number
are not of Anglo-Saxon descent,
many being descendents of the
original Dutch, Hugnenot and
Scotch-Irish settlers. Scarcely
more than ten per cent of the pop
ulation of New Orleans is Anglo
Saxon.
The three great foreign races
here are the French, German and
Irish, which are very nearly equal
in numbers.
The mulattoes, now included
under the head of negroes, were
in former oensuses enumerated
separately. They form at least
one-third of the whole mass of the
New Orleans negroes. As to the
white blood in their veins, it is
probably almost equally divided
between American and Creoles.
A young man who started for
the Black Hills, halted twenty
miles this side of the oLjcdtive
point and commenced to dig, and
the result was a quarter of a pounnd
oflead inside of fiteen minates.
He dog it out of his le, where it
had been deposited by a noble red
man.
What sort of larceny must it be
to hook a wonan's dress? It must
be grand.

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