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FARMERK AND PLANTER. the ol
ABOUT JOHNSON GRASS. after yt
SVwestal Perase Plant, fat Har to than a
Irealeate If Oe Should only re
it is be
Ibis grass is a tive of the Medl- farm, as
terranean region. It was introduoed into pr,
Into the southern states about 1830, ricultur
and for some time was known by the is seric
same of Means grass, which name it compett
still retains in some localities. About that foi
ten years later it was introduced into is no o0
Alabama from South Carolina by Will- ly all t
v. lam Johnson, and has since been quite tented
generally known as Johnson grass. Its Farm a
botanical name is Andropogon hale
penals, or Sorghmu halpense. Gi
Johnson grass has received consid
erable attention in Kansas lately. It It sht
has been grown in the plots of the
Kansms experiment station for several
seassons and its behavior in our elinm
ate tested. It is a rank-growing The
perennial, with numerous strong, main r
rather fleshy, ereeping rootstocks, by in enha
whleh it propagates. The stems and land.
leaves are coarse, but quite succulent. forage
It seeds abundantly, and seed ean be the co
purchased at all seed houses. If the good I
seed is elean, about one bushel to the plow t
acre is sufficient for sowing. Johnson to hav,
grass is used chlefly for hay, for fall.
which purpose It should be cut early, a mixi
before the stems become too old and known
hard. Usually two or three cuttings first as
can be made. The seed should not be fore c
sown until the ground is warm or it contin
will not germinate well. Johnson for the
grass prefers rich, moist soil, though should
it will grow in quite a variety of soils. crop.
it is injured by severe winters, but the when
eodk winter of 18( 49- did not entire- ing of
ty kill out the experiment plot, and it to dep
quiekly recovered from the effects of may I
the cold. It is not a success as a tinued
pasture grass, as it is injured by gras- ad ph
lag to such an extent that a pasture may l
soon becomes useless, yet the vitality plowit
of the rottstoeks is such that it is also b
never entirely killed out in this way, to thi
and after a rest soon recovers from only I
the effects. plow,
Throughout the south under proper peas.
conditions, it is considered an excel- with
lent hay grass, and in all parts of is to
Kansas where there is sufficient moist- down
ure it will undoubtedly be valuable phete
for the same purpose. they
However, it is exceedingly difficult and
to eradicate the grass on land where stress
It nas obtained a foothold, and for vent
this reason it may become a pestifer- very 1
eas weed. Hogs are rather fond of last 1
the rootstocks, and when confined up- wide
on a plot of grass will destroy it. But so th
on soil adapted to its growth it re- with
quires great care to eradicate it. If and I
one wishes to grow Johnson grass, er mu
the best plan is to devote a feld to peas
the purpose without expecting to sub- be la
sequently put the field in cultivation. and I
With eare it can beeontlned to thls be p
field. After a few years the ground Is lac
becomes so full of rootstocks that cover
the development is hindered. To re- rougi
juvenate a feld it should be plowed with
and hatowed in the spring, or else vines
t ly disked. may
All these points should be careful- Sout
ly considered before the grass Is tried.
As a forage grass it may prove of
great value, and the fact that it is Th
difficult to eradieate spay be in its sessi
favor in those parts of Kansas where consi
It is not easy to grow forage plants fruit
successfully. Bult f tried, great care marl
should be taken to keep it under con- pene
trol.--A. 8. Hitchcock, in Kansas EI- The
periment station IuaDe t. sout
ABOUT AVERAGE FARMING. marl
A as DLiteenee eteween Parmlag seldc
us It Is Do*e nd as It hould, any
or Mlaht be Deme. Ame
There is a Uig differece between The
farmidg as it is done and farming as shet
it might be done. Reliable statistics prio
prove beyond a doubt that farming less
S really is not protable. Nearly all on
farmers '"aske living," or rather
manage to exist from the proceeds of
the farm; but to do no better than
thb is failure, for people who labor a -
' s totl, as farmers do, should be me
etter paid, They should make at la f
last as muheb cleat .prelt as a car s
penter or brick-lsyer who works eight
hours per day. Reports of the depart- ton
meat of agricniturve and of the census tali:
bureau, giving the average yield of spit
the various farm crops, show that av
Serage farming does not.ay, sad that cow
a large majority of fatrmer belong ma,
to the average class. Farmers whos
aentribute to the lowerig of the gen- k
eraol average yelds are proable farm
we lfon pgI'muit, iot besjabse to stes
- e. 7l S .&alma w"-, ,
hanrenegh native mental ability o ,,
avoid sitating Go on a hot store, can ret
plow a furrow, plant the seed and kill
the weeds, and thrus make an "aver
age" crop, or amething near it, and the
thus be enuld to eist from year to to
year.. As as filutratios of te factsa
herein stated~, ahot one hundred the
- s renty pounds of lint eattos peserrt~
.- the averag yield of the great a a
pie, and as many farmers mabe twwo
or three time a rnuhb,-it ellowse
th, at a majority o f fa rmee make
than the iserge. Simil reaouslj ow
,to a the protdet of s the farm t
ILse·ethley. J average framing is
* wPemn bbi fatrmilng hOw shoet the or
,re4 tar to etrease who ake vam
twthan the adletalentsly low arer
age, ad ryet there m mu rtmas d
thremeort the qeuntq w o rh rio de
stt fig is o way toe largy la. a
ete iro ue, ai they are ank- P
tewarms jmy..M esa uaseuma
the foolish and the wise without 41e
crimination. The farmer who makes we
above the average, yields steadily year Prince
after year, is evidently a better farm- other
er than his neighbor, who makes )est Cnams
than an average for four years, and rights
only reaches the average once in five the Pr
years. And if he is a -better farmer, left hi
it is because he knows better how to worn
farm, and actually puts his knowledge acendi
into practice. The reputation of ag- chang
Sriculture as a field of human effbrt when
Sis seriously compromised by her In- baby
t competent devotees, while the fact is young
t that for normal intelligent men, there depos
3 is no occupation that supplies so ful-. baC
ly all the conditions of a happy, con- fat a
e tented and enjoyable life.-Texas no
s Farm and Sancb.
GROWING THE COW PEA. I
I It Should Be the Maim Betanue of
e the outhern Farmer as a ly, be
soIl RLent vtor. "On
g The cow pea Is, or should be, the conce
main reliance of the southern farmer his ti
y in enhancing the productiveness of his and a
d land. It is also of great value as a ge I
r. forage plant. Before planting peas in *Ol
ie the corn or after small grain, it is a thonu
ie good plan to plant several acres p.r those
ie plow to be sure of having them, and diana
in to have a place for sowing oats in the
)r fall. At this time it is well to plant In
y, a mixture of Whippoorwill and Un- se h
d known peas. 1 he former will ripen ner t
s first and may be gathered by hand be- so
|e fore cotton opens. The latter will meat
it continue to grow and to make vine bras
in for the benefit of the next crop. Peas the
rh should be planted over the entire corn delis
is. crop. The best time, undoubtedly, cnla
he when seasons suit, is at the last plow- beef,
e- ing of corn, but it is not at all afe of t
it to depend on this, because the ground Trib
of may be too dry at that time, or con
a tinned rains may prevent the intend
a- ed plowing altogether, or a storm Ark
re may prostrate the corn and render Arkt
ty plowing impraclicable. They should hun
is also be planted after small grain, and he
l1, to this end it is advisable to put in the
mm only a moderate crop of cotton per dbo
plow, so as to have time for planting ow
er peas. It pays well to manure them ",
el- with acid phosphate alone. My plan lit
of is to open with a distributor, putting with
st- down from 160 to 300 pounds phos
ble phate per acre. When thus manured u.
they will make considerable growth Ft
Alt and a good cro1. of eeds, even it theo
re stress of circnmstances should pre- cell
[or vent their being plowed. At best, CQ
er- very little cultivation is required. The suoe
of last furrow should be made with a tall
op- wide scrape, leaving the ground fiat, shai
ut so that the crop may be harvested per
re- with a grain reaper. I have tried this And
If and found it to work welj. The reap- woe
ns, er may be managed so as to drop the
to peas in large heaps. They can then
hb- be loaded on a wagon or hay rack "
on. and hauled to the barn, or they may T
hib be pecked in raftil pens it barn space th
msd is lacking. Of course, they should be OW
hat covered. When the ground is not too .y
re- rough, eight or ten acres can be cut wm
red with a reaper in a day. Peas and oth*
he vines may be put together, or the seed
may be threshed.-A. C. Jackson, in
Il- Southern Cultivator. for
ofThe perst mmon.
Sis The persimmon is a wild fruit poe ter
its sessing much value and worthy the "
ere consideration of every farmer and
bas fruit grower. It sells readily on all tal
are markets, and nets more than the
.on- peach or pear if properly handled. 1
EI- The tree is a native of most of the ar
southern and easters states and is pes
good for timber for various uses. The I
G. market Jor persimmons is not over- It
stocked and the people as a whole inj
l' seldom have the pleasure of buying dim
any but the Japanese varieties. The
American trees bear from two to
three bushels each every season. do
peen There is no reason why the fruits di
Sas should not sell in the large cities at a
t9" price that will bring the grower at Ih
sing least five dollars per tree;-Farmers' de
Sall Home Journal.
ther · F
a of REER APID THERE.
-r a-There Is one uanswerable argo
i be ment in favor of selentiLe proeseses
t in farming, and that is that it is sun
car- ceasful the civilised world over.
ight -How to get rich-Promote a eot
r ton crop; incorporate cld beek, cap
s's talize your mtusele, water your stock,
I of spit on your hands and sall ia.
tav- - rk stables are injurious to
that cows or horses as a dungeon is to a
long man. It is the basement barns for
who milch cows that hbas developed tuber
en- eulols to such a alarming extent.
am- .-Ametiean thoroughbreds now in
a to ~glad r having great success in
g winning races. Amserican jokeps are
Q e aidin * geat many winners.
P --.The ,-bpared, or wel-bred beef
who ste - t mre money than a
t" scrab of the came weight, because the
c e retailer can sell the eot-up carca for
aver -Coastan and elean cultivation is
* the bet guarantee agants the diss
ar to trous elets of drought. The dryer
it beeomes the more rapidly shounki
Sthe work be done. The dust blanket
is a modern Invention, ad a good
oe --Ma eares but Ittle, asd that lit
tle aowly, who fra only tra his
own experl Ce. To keep p with the
Sprogresso Of tek. ag m muat add to
his own expermale nd m wle
that el ot~ men, a liher by readiig
-t t t e h s o p tml Sto e
erm that seb aeeds ret. Umnt i $Is po.
dosing s**m*thlug It is oarteD to
detrsirrate. Bitte a crp . . mieer
iy i and su. Some WegS amr w_
mo piatin ad eulItSSr' Sa t k
'be uween's seaeesets.
We are told that since the death of Or
Prince Albert the queen never wears her
other bracelets than two, each with an to"
enamel setting for portraits. On her
right arm is that bearing the likenees of Te
the prince consort, and in that on the
left her majesty has for years always e
worn the portrait of her yonagest de- a,
scendant. Frequent have been the that
changes in this bracelet sinee the days he
when the present German emperor's
baby features appeared upon it. Jis
youngest eon has quite recently been ha
deposedfromhisposition in the queen's "
bracelet by the little Greek prince, in
tant son of PrincessSophle of Germany,
now duchess of Sparta.--hicago Trib
Her Naturel ereor.
It is not necessary to repeat bis re- tie
When his wife heard them Imperfect
ly, being in the next room, she said:
"Oh, do say that over again, dear. th
"Loo'i here, woman," he replied, in a
concenrated voice, "when a man gets
his finger caught between a sprocket
I and a chain it is no time for his wife to
get funny." -
I "Ohl" said she. "Was that it? I
thought you were repeating one of
those Christian Endeavor 'yells.' "-ID- tir
1 dianapolis Journal P
Commeon oeefsteak. l
In Bosnia one of the Austrian batter
lea had to go into action just as din
ner time came on, and the artillerymen,
resolved not to lose a meal, cut their li
meat into small strips, placed it on the M
breach of their guns, and cooked it by a
the heat of the metal. They found it e
a delclious, and voted the bifatek a is bI
r, culasse de canon infinitely superior to
Sbeefsteaks cooked under the pommel a
* of the saddle, Tartar fashion.-N. Y. Y
mew It Is Done.
"Paw," said little Lafe Juckett, an p
Arkansas lad with an inquiring mind,
3 "that thar nawthern feller that wds
d huntin' yere last winter told me that in
n the city whur he lives the rich folks
don't have no stoves in their houses.
How do yo'. reckon they keep 'emn
"Aw," replied the old man, who reads
a little now and then, "they heat 'em a
with legislators."--N. Y. World.
sd oet a Comforblr e ibestina P5lae.
h Finnicus-I wonder why it is that
it those who attain the pinnacle of sue- M
ecess never seem to be happy.
it, Cynnicus-Because the pinnacle of a
e suceess is like the top of a particularly "1
a tall lightning-rod with a particularly I
t, sharp point, and those who succeed in o
ed perching temporarily upon it usually P
fia And that they are targets for all the
p. world's thunder.-Brooklya Life.
SWA Woman's seonase., u
n "Th .e stripes," sighed the =etiet,
k "make a mas feel seall."
S The kind woman, who had come nlate
i the darkaoms plane to cheer him,
00 "Only think," she urged, "how much
ut worse they would be if they ran the b
ad other way."-Detroit JournaL
iA Real Calamtty. a
Guy-Pity Cholly is so awfully de
Bertie-Poor fellowi What's the mat
o tar with him?
he "Why-aw-his neck's so dooeidly
ad short that he always has to wear a
all turn-down collar."-Plck-M.-Up.
the LIke Prise sr etatS.
ed. Mrs. Maloney-Bay, Mike, what's this -
he arbitration stuf I read about in the pa
'ho Mr. Maloaey-I dunno exactly, but
rer- I think it's something like prie fight
ole lng. They take it out in talking.-In- I
ing dianapolls Journal.
tho The Cause of Death.
to The Court-As I uderstand it, the
on, deceased policeman was kill d in the
its discha.ge of his duty.
t Witess-No sor; it was the di
t charge av the gun. yer annwe.--Pbli
er' ilephi orth Anmerica.
o protect your health and our reputation, we wil gladly pay this big reward to any one who will furnish us Infor
mation on which we can secure conviction of a dealer who tries to sell worthless fake imitations,when CASCARETS
are called for. When you're offered something 'just as good", it's because there is a little more money in the take.
Buy CASCARETS from the honest dealer. They are always put up in blue metal boxes with long-taed trade,
marked C on the cover-every tablet stamped C. C. C., and they are never sold in bulk. Remember this and when
ever fakes are offered when CASCARETS are calld for, get all the details and write us on the subject at once.
SIX MILLION BOXES
OUR BEST TESTIMONIAL
BEST FOR BOWEl.8 AND LIVER .'
ra . .trD£ G
"ruas eatn iest Leve. 3m
aaeoaer st d a ll bestot nh s1h4
aher ra e soiled, padgy lttls a pow
manther budte af r s-- il Shoes
to Ss stained, diamld chkj, Whig awe
enjoyed all the joys of oun motherood. weat
The bundl was h "baby.' Tied with Stor
trlan sea emn hd,e rap formed into a drem,
nother ing about the middle pro
dnced the elect a waist line. A oung
man saw the h ittl ther. What
that!" he a hand thea u,
he hair of the child.
o." .she said, hugging the rap e a
lYour dolly, oh? What a pretty dolly.
ed what do you call your baby"'
I tals it-I tails it-I tsil It m
Annie."-N. Y. Times.
Msapptled Indausmry7. Bi
"Have I not been an earneet and coasgn* -"TI
entious worker?" asked thed ,oug a fries
who was about to be "let out.'
"Posibly, possily, replied the p~r.
tial politiaa. "IeeI may ny that l
ihave no fault to lad with jour industr,
rwept that it is misapplied.
"In what way?
"It has been devoted to the Interests O
the taxpayers instead of us. You are a
mad in some ways, but you seem to
ck jdgment."--Chieag Post.
is Ersg nslnmess.
i "I am going into the egg business," said
eme city man to another.
"But chickens are dificult to manage in
an considerable number, I am told.
intend to dispense with chiekes ena
tirely. I shall simplyraie eg plants."
f VA.UADEs PUBlICATEION fudi.
DIes erive ofr orade'e Ismy, eatn i
I, Ked to I w. akda, G. P. D ue
e otste, 06 Finme St. Lu~i. ,
S or a hanudsoms special tolder oa Cl
oý descriptivo her health resort ad
a Summer, which have eve been made . The
folder wll be found of eduational value
to students and others seeking to know
Stheir wn country. Fre request p.
. oMetion this paper.
An Unkind Cat.
Tees--Do you think the out d my kirt
Jeses-Yes, indeed; very.
U"Do you, really?"
"Yes. I had two like that when they were
n the style."-Philadelphia Press.
a. Pisro's Cure cannot be too highlysr e. of
s a cough cure.-J. W. O'Brien, -Third
Ave., N., Minneapolis, Minn., Jan. I100.
I What you would do with a million dollars
a mabe guessed by tdy of what jye de
wil ons-ý3O e.
s ieety Meu.
"Mr. Woodby is very particular," saidM
SS-rs. Woodby, who was engsgin a new
servant; he's quite a prominent society man
of and entertains-
ly "Is he so?" interrupted the applicant
"Faith, then, he ought to know me Uncle
l Mike. Divil the society ye ever heard tell
in of that he don't belong to."-Philadelphin
Crawford-Why do you think hea's the
mot henpecked man that ever lived
SCdrabe.hh -Beeaue when his wife went
away to the country for the Mummer she
ma him keep a diary of bow he spent his
to time in town.-Puck.
ch first Shirt-Waist Man--There oea Mr.
be Sehermerhorn in a new shirt waist!
Second Shirt-Waist Man-That is no aew
shirt waist! That's one of last summer's
shirt waists-see how large the sleeves are
le. -Brooklyn Eagle.
atSchool Examiner-What is the meaning
of false doctrine?
S Schoolboy-Please, sir it's when the doe
Sgives the wrong stun to people who are
Didn't Want Knowledge.-A ntleman
his soae day saw a boy peeling the brk from
pa ne of his choice trees with a hatchet. Theo
Psetleman tried to catch the boy, but the
ater was too quick for him, so the farmer
but obhaned his tactics. "Come here, my little
t- son,' he said, in a soft, flutelike voice, with
.I counterfeited frienoline's "come here to
me a minute. I want to t'ell you something.
"Not yet," replied the recipient. "Little
boys like me don't need to know every
the thn."--Glasgow Evening Times.
aB ,c.-Maud-"When are they to be
marned?" Ethel - "Never." Maud
di "Never? And why so?" Ethel-"She will
I not mrry until he has paid his debts, and
he rnnot pay his debts until she marri
ha hs into h shoes Ale's oe
a powder for ft. It nams tiht o No
8wlml Fet. A -ll ýr a e
Storeson it, 25. ea FRE Ad
dress, Allen . Le Roy, N. Y.
"I tell y your country is pl. new.
Why you bhraen't even say fair a."
"flaven't oh' Well, just come with
me and io4 at the EabLts our best mo
uments."-Cleveland Plain Dealer.
Ckeek CessAs, Ci.as sa Crees
With BErie's Croup Cure. Noopiar. M &
Bibbe-"No man eows himself." Gibbs
-"lhat's so. He would lose his hst
friend if he did."-Sm-rt Set.
Little Liver Pills.
- Must ter Sinatsur e
, I. . drlm. Wmlnr 5d.m
-y smn es as emry
o tar asmaU se
rd mema m.
OufIg WOIC HSADAOH&
m l miUseosu m.e
,tOUe;iii iOK ~rADAHIK
,,d., -m-m u3
L W AI MMRa
I ~ALL DEALM tBkEEP ThEM.
"w niu an.Dn
A hlbm Mdq w I wt* d
of rm0 J'lb Yw al tb
hea. VM, p.m bwr
*-* - my l.,
0 &tJ 1km bad J m
t ~e..ý.. W .mtUt
take E th - -ar, m
( th h u a p a
A.S L--- I =
A. 1. 1873
9 w·~Y· IW AM YY 3 UUUUY
- msis -OsAswl