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The Colfax chronicle. (Colfax, Grant Parish, La.) 1877-1981, February 05, 1910, Image 1

Image and text provided by Louisiana State University; Baton Rouge, LA

Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn88064176/1910-02-05/ed-1/seq-1/

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AbNsrbed the GRANT PARISH DOCRAT May 1. 1! !1
R Dcnocratlc t, dreotcd to Local and Oftwal Nm, L.t ratmuv, &c"M, Igviultue, 6ts.
. ... mi nan ni am n nal i i u reI I I  111 I ,_.. -- - ,. n
The Split Log Drag Wonder
How to Make and Use this Splendid Good Roads Imple
plement---Gov. Sanders Says it is a Marvel in
Simplicity and Effective Working.
While i. Colfax last Tuemday, Gov- an
ernor Sanders urged that the people to
of Grant parish should use the split
klog drag in working their roads. He ai
has seen the roads in several States th
that were kept in splendid condition to
by the mse of this simple and cheap TI
eontrivanee. In the month of June. dh
19068,theChronicle printed a descrip- TI
tlon of "how to make a split-log th
drag," and we consider this a good ed
time to reproduce that deescription, ce
-as some road-worker may want to tI
give it a trial, as follOws: di
One of the latest publications is- ls
ed by the Ofce of Public Roads of tt
the U. 8. Department of Agriculture a'
treats of the split-lug drag, an intru- -l
meat which numerous experiments
have conclusively shown to be the eI
greatest possible boon to keep earth di
toadsssoothand passable. Because R
of Is simplicity, its edciency and its dl
cheetaess, both in construction and ei
opsmtion, it isdestinedtocomemore ti
and moreintogeneral use. With the p
drg properly built and its use well b
Smderstood, the amiateasnee of earth a
toads becomes a simple and inezpta- s
 irve cattr.
. At thbe present time there are ap- w
--pr.imately two million miles of a
`i roads in the United States. w
< t; of the most important of these s
-idn will eventually be improved
*thtone, gravel and other materi- b
i Many others which are equally a
Si~ ntpannot he so improved on b
qf; lapk of funds or abitable f.
q, while still others will not t
egfire suche treatment because of
e light tree to which they are
. "atsd. For theseresteonstheita- I
i t F t el tof our roads most be main- e
4t ~btias derth roads for many years d
Soem. 'This must be done by tn- t
p lv methods, and the split-log r
'drgiilll be a powerful aid if economy 1
Mthe deranad. I
Is the eoastrrctioS of this imple
aee sam hould be taken to makeI
 isgt that one man can lift it I
tth ease, a light drag responding
.iitwadl7y to variond methods of
ltsbag thana bervy onewas well as
~ the shifting of the posilqn of the
. rmtor. The best material for a
dj pbbog drag is a red cedar log, I
h red elm and walnut are excel
p,-ssd boz elder, soft maple, or
willow, are superior to oak, I
ory or ash. The log should be
Z *nd 10 fet long.and from I
'o 19 Ipehes in diameter at the
imd., It sb0old be splitcarefully
o center as possible, and
l Se uad best ab ebhosen for
*- et. Int the front slab, four
d the 6en'which is to drag
a$dtsof the road, bore a 9
ewhich is to receive a cross
ft a distance . f 22 Iaches
ltrle- d of thelrob sslab
whseater for anuther stake.
flrmor the middle stake will be
" lie connecting and half way
the two. Then place the
Ise posttica, and from the
is to drag is the middle of
' d',se re 90 ihres for the
sq( one moss stake, and six
the o4er end locate the
a' thie oposite state. The
Sth euster stake shoald be
hba w*iy tetweeu the two.
.. hlms belsid be earefully
jecnticpater or at right
are bieoiwed it
~ snultSlt when the holes of
sadt beah sabs arebroeght
each other one end of the
"i;9) tet@ iches srer th
-.-t rpedw y than the froat
l~.~er wht is known as
v4k~ s a 30 8l0~3
slabs this distance
Wtheir sockets, ai
to thet at the,
drag. A cleated
and acroas the stakes for the driver
to stand on. thi
By many it is deemed best to place liee
a strip of iron along the lowerface of bu
the front slab for a cuttingh bladeand oe
to pryvemft the drug from wearing. be
The drag may be fastened to the col
doubletree by means of a trace chain.
The chain should be wrapped around in,
the left band or rear stake and pass- pr
ed over the front slab. Raising the ca
chain at this end of the slab permits wi
the earth to drift past the face of the tb
drag. The other end of the chain Tc
should be passed through a bole in of
the opposite end of the front slab ra
and held by a pin paused through a
link. as
For ordinary purposes the hitch w
should be made so that the unloaded tb
drag will follow the team at an an- er
gle of about 45 degrees. The team ra
dhould be driven with one borse on as
either side of the right-band wheel
track-"r rut the full length of the ni
portion of road to be dragged, and pi
be made to return in the same man- In
ner over the other half of the road- Ia
way. Such treatment will move the nt
earth towards thecenter of the road. aI
way. nuae treatment will move the re
earthsowards theesater of the road- m
way rad rlise it graduallyabove the ni
surroumding level. ti
The best reasltshave been obtalnad a'
by draggig roads once each way di
after each heavy rain. In someuaes, fe
however, one dragging every three or p
four weeka has been found sufflient c
to keep a roaedm>godeindeite -
Wiek the sol is moist but not a
sticky the drag does its best work. a
As the sof in a eld will bake if plow- g
ed wet, so the road will bake if the
a drag is need on it wben it is wet. It d
the roadway is full of holes or badly d
rutted thedrag sbodld be used once t
when tbelrouad is soft and slushy. t
This is partleblarly appicable before f
a cold spell i wlater, when it is poe- t
rslble to so prepa the surface that
Sit will frerse smooth.
SNot Ilfrequently conditions are l
met which sk mbe overcome by a r
a slight change ia the manuer of hitch- t
e ing. Shorteling the chain tends to l
a lift the front slab sad aske the cut-. -
, tings light, wblea lger bitch enause I
the front stab to sink more deeply I
r into the earth and act on the princi
ple of a plow. I
If a frrow of earth is to be moved
a the doebletres hbould be atteebed :
Sclose to the dlteh end of the drag, I
and the driverahbold stand withone
d foot on the extreme forward end of a
,r the front slab.
i Conditions are so varied in differ- a
eat localities, however, that it is quite -
impossible to lay down specific roles. I
SCertainsections of a roadway will re
Squire more attention than others, i
beesuse of the steep grades, wet I
e. weather springs, soil conditions, ex
a posere to sun and wind, washes, etc.
y There is one condition, however, in
Swhibkh special attention should he
i gives. Clay roads under persistent
e1 dragglgs trequently become too bigh
ie In tbeedater. This. may he corrected
Ix by dragging the earth to the enter
e of the road twice, and away from it
Some lguzrs frniashed by F. B.
S8anborn and , H. Asbhton, General
SManager of the Obieago and North
' slters railroad, bve, shown the
7' woodens of 1d a1mple daevte. Mr.
taborn aid: "The heast esp
it per mileper snam for the sptloi
,o dragging was 1.5160, the greaest a
little pnr $, sad the average ex
'penepr milefor 5 miles, a lttl
h over pg. I've lived along this rod
ll umy lIUfe, and arev I forty years
l n vIseeu it freer froiam md and
ddpithet a et tast deling the
aseson we have ex persed dal the
etrames of eathbr.eoudi~,tes."
.o Leeikt d , 3 m ba,,.
-ast. Bet ipr dyagps, ,digutem
ad blaaorsss. ecinstpadee. esdsm1s, m
rt~~~C9C~~ ~1~~
Peanuts a Profitable Crop
J. B. Railsback Tells of Results in North Louiilana-
Both Nuts and Hay are Valuable and the Plant
Greatly Enriches the Soil.
The notion still prevails abroad in at I
the land that the growing and hand- rail
ling of peanuts is i small business, a of I
business for small men. But the val- ies
ue of this small plant is too great to Int
be forever obscured by prejudice and the
contemtpt. 1
When the hungry Northern soldiers in
invaded the 8outh they instantly ap- wit
preciated this toothsome dainty and ham
carried it and the fame of it bashok u
with them to theNorth. When after me
the war a demand for it soon arose. I
To supply this demand the growing of
of it increased so rapidly as to be da
rated an industry by 1870. wI
This industry has steadily grown as
until in 1908 the national output tot
was worth $81,000,000, or one-half up
the value of either America's rice an:
crop or her rye crop, which crops spi
rank in value respective, eleventh go
and twelfth among her staples. be'
The high prices received for pea- thi
nuts indicate that a muchlarger out- cal
put could have been marketed. This TI
in spite of thefact that there remaiun ri
large sections where it is still little me
used and that as yet our culinary sta
artists have scarcely noticed it. The be
rapidity with which this industry is so
moving upwards in the scale and its so
t numerous untouched possibilities for pr
the production of appetising dishes
I sad a most delicate table oil in ad- itW
ditior to its great value as a stock HI
feed indicateu that in a very few years en
r peanut growing will certainly be one to
t of America's great and widespread Z
a ptreiun4eriee in NortbtLostiw
i until 1909 thepeanut, although gen
. erally grown, was not serionusly re
- garded.
a It was considered good for the chil
I dren and the pigs, but ias not
y dteamed of as a money crop. But in
e the distremscaused by theinvasion of
S. the cotton weevil the farmers looking
e for something dependable considered
- the peanut as well as corn.
t Not realising that there already
existed an enormous market their
e plan was to sell the peas to the oil
a mills and one mill prepared to crush
- this year's crop. A government ex
o pert was brought in to instruct the
- growers how to raise tne plant and
s about 2.800 acres were planted in
y North Lo iana as a money crop.
I- The far 'ers expecting to sell to
the mills fr 45 cents per bushel were
Id pleased and astonished to fnd buyers
d on the ground offering 80 cents per
, bushel before a single oea had been
be dug, and the price has been steadily
of advanced until 98cents now prevails.
While this high price makes impos
- sible in the immediate future the de
to velopment of an oil industry it aug
r. ers well for peanut growing, aid
e- awakens thoughtful people to the
s, realisation of another dassling pos
et sibility of our wonderful section.
I- A new staple crop which pays as
:c. wall as cotton in the palmlest days
in adapted to all of our soils, and with
he an established market far gheter
st than we can supply. -
th I will mention a few results ob.,
d tained the first year of experimaset:
er Ben Gray raised 48 bushels per
it are on 17 acres; Jim Fullilove. 50
bushels per acre on 5 acrems; Job
B. OGlassell, 45 bushels per ere on 10
al msres; John Wimple, 46 buhelsl per
h- adCre on lsres. All on alluvial land
e while the crop around Ruston ups
r. the plads averaged thirty bhelsi
per acre without ertiliser.
Ia Elison Adger upon his farm etar
' Bleber, malde an laterestngexper
Smeat, platSgonerow of cotto·eR sand
t two rows of- pearus alternately ap
ad on twenty aseresofl land. Te sottom
Spaid all expeaases indcluding atve do
larsper acre tet, leaving th pea
mts as clear proit.
.As the nuts tvre~stherd by begs
the mithate piet eannot yet be
t ihOCd. Bat had the nts h se"
dug, sprn the ere, w h they
isapctsd and ieldd the asset.l
at 80 cents p.er bushel. $492. The
raising of peanuts between corn rows
of the usual width after laying by is
a common practicein Georgia. Hogs
usually beion employed to gather
t.he crop.
The above reelt were obtained
in every instance by men absolutdly
without experienue in growing or
handling thikcrop, each one of wham
undertook it merely as an espie4
From our experience hbee and hat
of growers else*her we may oe
elade thatupon rich land the preast
will yield as much food or produoe
as many pounds of pork per ncre as
torn. That it will producefair crops
upon land which Is too poor to pgrow
any of the cerals. That while it re
sponds well to good methods sad
good farming still it may be raed
better than an) othereropupean sole
that dre poor and by methods thaj
cannot be classed as good fareag.
That bring a legminoso plant it de
rives Its moset valuable tfrtiý
ment i. e., nitrogen from the air kI
stead of from the soil, and it "fed
ba4" upon the land itwill eaur4b te
That the market is not fsell
suaip ed sad hence a resmnmertve
price is eassred.
Inl addition to all this North ]Le
Isisma has been prosounsed by Prof.
Beatie, the Agriclturial Department
expert, as the Inast Spanish pesrat
reiJO yet developed. ot With the
MA~l ORDD ..ý er -'a ý'ý"ý3 . ym.
thi i
"6ar HhI7" Jim
How abo t XMh
on allwe D y
Pae c g.U
eze pwand yur .4
House CleauogTm
Is now at hMndad we a. l
paredw to eet ~r wants e.
Lnoleum, Wd h
inof. :n hi.,
Ware the olfup
to-date H ~
Ste dvaas sh
toen ~ing b. . Clg~jqaIt o; Iuzrptt f*
Wa s to appr ast.* gua !oaia
vetoes e a ad Mewf 4 Mall. )ý s t r
All oeera ja m d b .. "_ - .,
QuIe pb hdu aa4
IiwIs, aw~ mr~s iiH,(~ali'
&411W N&
Sk WW .
- P o i·
dI i
vef Ja - Iý"ý · , Y -:--l'' >., ý-`-'tom:~~~~
A out -dj~~~i~pi~j ·.
ow Z ij
I A:,a~ddr
HEADY-T o ft ,,ý, . :ý: y " . .: <C~ ~
n A toL-S O.fP . t
d itoft W" 0oor* Jo~rL 51 r !
..x. ak; ik· bB t) ,t
Save Your Hill Side Farms
Build Up the Worn-ot Liad i y TerraCdtiand Proper
Care-Prserve the Virgin eartilty of AU
.and Not Arad 1+ao .
Prof. Mason Snowden, a plain, i
practical farmer, of wide eaperi- I
esws and educatio in the shove
named subjects, is sent out by the 4
Crop Demonstration Work of the l
Department of Agriculture to lec- I
tare and make practical domon- I
statiuns on the terraing, leveling,
sartasiag and preservation of our
rolling hi1l leads, and the growui4g
of the neceseary fertijisers to Ree-'
rioh them.
He earris with knm a land
level, a very Sne instrujent, mwne
for the prpose of sutacing and
leveling hads., ad, after the- lee.
t a  bde nlt a -aar-by eld
ad levels, it up, ths, d,,mone,.
ag ste.ethod sad the use of she
Bip leouste is luatewey ainterat
ig .and p tasbe to eve prO
greacive farmer who desires to a
sbest seLtet ar his .bor
a, istm t, g*d it. i S.or-.
I es, that i.s save a "auile to
s *a h ebGhshindseds aid..
dre ewtuaity ebouui tdie to
reaftto Sear t . he is prgisht
ledustry w l paopaih. And why? .m
l z-
..u erI .e ,, e ap ia. t
F. Ise, is setter@ _ ev*
securen'im Dfur ae date for the
farmers Of Grant perisb.
He will be at Verda on Wedwos
day,February66h, at 10 s. l a. tp
esulrte. and at 2 p. s. he will lt-cl
a EidP for Mr. C. J. HSatobimeou
ear, by. between tism "diumer
will be provided for ell those Irns
edi taruee, *aa Strp wil be t' ihr.
us 'm.htlb W. lBagh Usbexl,
tort',rq sadlil'jitare iug f its
w111 be sbqwa tiiet, m
Lek WW- AW"W $tmtci
t * d p iadal' B LsI;.
oausrstls4 ad we wilts. 7cl,s t
ing ii s 4l sim~mueI.e
j iMd vtaat *6bsF .
lis l. .au.
*mot to'r
ýi i .r1ý.M!ý !e~i

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