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Tbe Colfax Chronicle
hsit heA PU NTImaG co., ii.
IL C. cOODWYN, Ummasgus Edba.
OIFAX. . . . OUISIANA
IDENTIFIED BY THUMB MARKS
Cheyenne Bank with Many Foreign
Depositors Has Found This
Martin S. Steel of Cheyenne, Wyo.,
says the old Chinese system of identi
Scation by thumb marks has been
adapted to modern banking, and the
method is now in practical use in the
First National bank of Cheyenne as a
means of identifying the signatures of
the many foreigners who carry depos
Its in that institution.
"In fact, the thumb mark has be
come as necessary on checks drawn
by this class of the bank depositors
as is the written signature of the
drawer of the check," said Mr.
Steele. "The system has been in use
almost two years now, and in that
time the bank has not had the least
trouble with its foreign depositors, but
instead has found that the arrange
ment works to perfection.
"There are probably more national
ities represented in and around Chey
enne than in almost any other city of
the country. The great mining camps
of the state have drawn every na
tioqality of Europe to themselves,
while the Union Pacific and Burling
ton railroads have brought hundreds
of railroad laborers from Asiatic
countries. Corean ditchers, Jap
anese section men, Chinese work.
men, Mexicans, Indians, Lthuanlans,
Czechs, Poles, Hungarians, Bohe
mians, Welshmen, Irishmen, Greeks,
Italians, and about every other na
tionality can be found around Chey
eane in the course of a day's search.
Many of these persons deposit their
savings in Cheyenne banks, and very
few of them, comparatively speaking,
eam write their own names, especially
Ia letters which can be read by an
ordinary American business man."
Woman in New Business.
Miss Ida Bromile, an English girl,
hI making money by conducting tour
lats about the country in her motor
ear. She went to London from her
province and learned all about the
mechanism of motors and how to run
them. After she had accomplished
this she hired a car and drove it
through the most crowded districts of
the city. The police of London de
dared that she was the most expert
motorist that ever took a car through
Cheapside. Her reputation spread to
the continent, and Queen Margherita
of Italy offered her the post of royal
chaffeuse, but Miss Bromile refuqed
because it would take her from her
hunts in winter, an exercise she is
passionately fond of and in which she
Is also an expert. She arranges for
week-end parties and charges each
gest $36. This includes board and
bdgiag on the trip. She is the first
woman to engage in this business and
has been so successful that she is un
able to grant all applications.
Where Toys Come From.
Much of the extraordinary variety
in the entrancing windows of toy
shops just now comes from the Ger.
man fatherland. A German newspa
per is responsible for the statement
that nine-tenths of the toy soldiers
are the work of German hands, and
during the past six months no fewer
than 4,000,000 dolls, dressed and un
dressed, were sent to English-speak. I
tag countries. The principal source a
eo these toys is the little town of c
ioaneborg, in the duchy of Saxe-Mein- I
iSgem, where thousands of men, wom
a and children are engaged in this c
industry. Sonneberg is responsible c
ar the torsos and heads of the dolls, I
Berlin for their tollets. The doll dress- i
era of Berlin are supplied with the 1
Lbtet Parisian dress models, and I
emit no detail. in their more elaborate t
The Jury Systen. t
The jury, as it is found to-day, is a
velle of the ancient popular justice. s
ia the city-states of antiquity the en- t
tire male population passed upon the d
gidlt or innocence of the offending
prirt. The oldest Greek poet has left g
as a picture of what the primitive
Jury was. The court is sitting; the a
question of "Guilty" or "Not Guilty" 2
is put, and the old men of the com
manilty in turn give their opinion, the
sak and file of the people standing
about applauding the opinion that
strikes them most, the applause deter- y
malaing the decision. Gradually the
Jury became narrowed down in num
hes until it finally appears as we t
ee it to-day.
Kaiser Sees Future Soldiers. b'
Germany's minister of the interior
has addressed to the heads of the
vWatoes overnments within the em- t
phre a circular recalling the infolna
th that the kaiser from his private sI
perse makes a grant amounting to
about $15 on the birth of an eighth e
am in any family, of the same father
id mother. The kaiser also promises
to stand as godfather to the lucky
eighth son. G
Churoh Property in United States,
The total value of church property
in the United States reported in 1906,
for all denominations. was $1,257,575,.d
S67, of which $935,942,578 was report
ed for Protestant bodies. $292.638,787 hi
for the Roman Catholic church. and in
$!,994,502 for all the remaining
Powerful Lighthouse Lamps. 'i
The lighthouse at Hellogland has a
light of 20,000,000-candle power. At a
Nuren:berg a lamp ten times as pow
erful has been made.
RARE KIND OF TREE
Philadelphia Has Handsome Bot
anical Specimen with History.
Only Few of Gordonla or Franklin in
Existence, First Found in Georgia
Closely Related to Japanese
Philadelphia.-A rare and hand
some tree with a curious history is
the Gordonia or Franklin tree, which.
owing to the Bartrams, can now be
seen in a few Philadelphia gardens.
The tree was first discovered by
John Bartram, who, with his son Wil
liam, was on one of his extensive
botanizing expeditions in the southern
part of the country, on the Altomaha
river in Georgia, near Fort Barring
ton. Some years afterward, about
1790 of 1791, William Bartram found
the tree again in the same locality.
He brought a plant and some seeds
home and planted them in his fath
er's garden, where, fortunately, they
took root and grew.
The tree was of the Gordonia fami
ly they perceived, but of an unknown
variety, and differing from the Gor
donia in numerous respects. The
flowers were so beautiful, the tree so
handsome, that they felt they must
honor it with an appropriate name, so
they called it Franklin Altamah, as
Franklin was an intimate friend of
both father and son.
The curious part of the history of
the tree is that it has never been
found since, not even in its original
locality, though botanists without.
number have made diligent search
where there was the slightest proba
bility of finding it.
The tree ie exceedingly difficult to
propagate, as it does not perfect its
seeds, and all the specimens that are
known to be in existence are the de
scendants of that first tree that grew
in Bartram's garden. It is, incidental
ly the last member of an expiring
Audubon mentions the tree and has
a picture of it with a bird near by.
Strange to say, it is closely related
to a species that is numerous in Ja
pan. and those who believe that in
prehistoric ages there was land con
nection between eastern Asia and our
American continent think the Frank
lin tree is conclusive evidence of the
fact that the Pacific ocean is a recent
formation and that the Gordonia is a
survivor of the age when plant travel
over the land was not interrupted I
by the intervention of a great body I
The tree blossoms very freely in
late August and early September, the
FROST ALARM BELL
Fruit Trees in Ozarks Supplied
with System of Warnings.
When the Cold Begins to Tingle Bells
Will Do Likewise, Then Smudges
Will Be Automatically
Springfield, Mo.-In the evolution
of the fruit growing industry in the
Ozarks the apple trees may wear
bells. This condition is to be brought
about in many orchards with the
coming of the next season of balmy
breezes and blossoms.
The scheme of protecting the buds
of the orchards of the south Missouri
country by the use of the smudge,
with which the ancients were familiar,
has grown In popularity in recent
years, and in its development there
has been devised a system of alarms
to be sounded automatically when the
temperature in the orchard falls be
low the danger point, thus enabling
the fruit grower to light his lamps
and fires and protect the trees with
smoke while providing sumcient heat
to raise the temperature from 10 to 15
An order recently has been placed
for 20,000 oil lamps, or stoves, which
are to be added to the equipment of
the Hazeltine orchards, embracing
2,000 acres and containing 150,000
trees. The Hazeltine orchard repre
sehts the growth of an industry
founded by Ira Hazeltine, a pioneer
who settled in the Ozark country 75
years ago, and who became impressed
early in life with the possibilities of
this region as a fruit growing coun
Last spring, when the trees of the
big orchards were loaded with blos
soms and injury and loss by cold and
frost was threatened, Mr. Hazeltine
tried for the first time in his locality
the experiment of burning oil in a
sheet iron device. Hundreds of these
oil lamps were used and with such
effect that the harvest demonstrated
in a measure the utility of the experi
ment. The Haseltinee and others in
terested in the fruit industry of
Greene and adjoining counties expect
to give the smudge a more perfect
test next spring.
While the owners of the big or
chards in this section are seeking ft
develop on a scientific basis the
theories recognized by the pioneers,
hundreds of the bill settlers are reap
ing benefits from the smudge used in
a crude way, where fuel is plentiful
and where the small farmer's family
provides the stumps and brush and
wisps of hay to make the dense
smoke required and the heat that
a'es the bloom. The old-time fatmer
f the hills. however. never heard of:
e thermostat, or alarm thermometer.
.at is co'.rng into use and will en
WHERE GREAT FRAUDS HAVE BEEN REVEALED
t,ý lam- ý
IC Y ^ ___
J H ýr
Individual flowers lasting only a short
time. The withered blossoms have
an odor not unlike boiled tea, and
the fresh flowers have a delicate and
pleasing perfume. There are some
fine specimens of the Franklin tree
in Germantown and a few in the old
gardens of mansions that are now in
cluded in Fairmount park.
The late Thomas Meehan, well
known botanist, is responsible for
those now in existence. The orig
inal tree that grew in Bartram's gar
den is no longer living, but its de
scendants which grow to a height of
twenty or thirty feet with their beau.
tiful white flowers, are not unlike the
camellia. Indeed, the tree is of the
same family as the camellia and is
well worthy adrmiration.
able the fruit grower of the future to
know with certainty when the tem
perature reaches the danger point
about 30 degrees above zero.
In the season of probable danger
from frost last spring the Hazeltines
had 20 men in readiness to respond at
a moment's notice throughout the
night and day until the danger point
The efficiency of vapor in connec
tion with fire and smoke has been
recognized as an agency in the protec
tion of the bloom of fruit trees from
frost damage and the experiments to
be carried forward in Ozark orchards
next year will take into account the
possibilities of vapor as an agent for
the -preservation of the tender crops.
Hundreds of fruit growers through
out the big orchard country of south
Missouri are preparing to Join in the
experiments next spring.
Farmers Buy Many Autos.
Detroit. Mich.-J. C. Coe, a Moose
Jaw (Saskatchewan) farmer, dropped
into Detroit the other day and by the
time he had finished his errand he
had purchased 30 automobiles for his
farmer friends of the far northwest.
He told his neighbors he was going
to buy an automobile and they gave
him their orders, accompanied by
bank drafts. The deals were mostly
cash and aggregated nearly $100,000.
Coe paid $4,500 for his own machine.
Hardships in Frozen North
Bishop and Missionary in Yukon for
Days in BlizardEat Mocca
sins to Sustain Life.
Dawson, Yukon Territory.-How the
standard bearers of the church keep
ever in the vanguard of civilization,
braving wilderness and sea and arc
tic night in the fight to phnt the cross
at the outposts of the world, was
given emphasis here by the return of
Bishop L O. Stringer of the Yukon
diocese of the Church of England,
from Fort MacPherson, at thie mouth
of the Mackenzie river.
The bishop almost had been given
up for lost by his friends. He and
Charles F. Johnson, a missionary, left
the fort September 1, hoping to cross
to the head of $orcupine river in time
to reach the Yukon last fall by canoe.
Their plans did not develop, and they
encountered hardships as great as
those experienced by arctic explorers.
Each man lost 50 pounds in weight.
Owing to frozen rivers, they had to
walk back to Fort MacPherson from
the head of Pell river.
They had little food and were un
prepared in other ways for the trip.
For 25 days they walked in blinding
fog and storm and bitter cold. Their
supplies gave out, and for many days
The eyes of the nation have turned
of late to the custom house in New
York, for it is there that the great
frauds perpetrated on the government
by the American Sugar Refining Com
pany have come to light. Both Pres
ident Taft in his message to congress
and Secretary of the Treasury Mae
Veagh in his annual report used vig
orous language concerning these gi
gantic custom swindles, and the inves
tigation into the corruption of em
ployes by the sugar trust is being oar
ried on unrelentingly by William
Loeb, collector of the port of New
York. Many of the employes already
have been discharged and it is be
lieved that many more are yet to fall.
Secretary MacVeagh asserts that in
quiry has revealed that the demoral
ization which has been uncovered in
the customs service at New York can
be traced largely to two causes-the
influence of local politics and politi
clans, and the evasion of legal dcties
by Americans returning from abroad.
WOODPECKERS TO MAKE WOOD
Aged Maine Naturalist Trains Birds
to Transform Ordinary Timber.
Into Valuable Variety.
Bangor, Me.-After having spent
more than sixty years and more than
$10,000 in huntlg bears and studying
the ways of will creatures. Greenleaf
Davis of Mount Katahdin has begun
to raise tame woodpeckers with the
purpose of using them to convert or
dinary rock maples into the rare and
costly wood known as bird's-eye
maple. Mr. Davis Is more than 80.
It has been Mr. Davis' belief that
no creature should be kept in captiv
ity more than a month. He has two
crows, one more than 30 years old,
which have stayed by him and never
sought the society of their kind. Two
robins lived with him for three years.
His great success, however, has been
won with woodpeckers, of which he
now has nearly 100. Most of them are
the red-headed sap suckers, which
pick round holes in the bark.
He passed weeks in his grove
watching the result of the wounds
which the birds inflicted in bark. As
the scars healed he noticed that there
was a briht red spot left on the
wood directly below the wound. It
occurred to him that as the marking
of bird's-eye maple were due to red
spots in the wood, and as nobody had
ever been able to account for theue,
It was possible that this variety might
owe its origin to the work of wood.
from elm bark boiled down to a thick
batter he can smear the trunks of
thrifty maples with ssch food as the
woodpeckers require, add while they
are getting a meal from the bark their
bills are boring new holes in the trees
and transforming ordinary maple,
worth no more than $12 a thousand
feet, into bird's-eye maple that sell
anywhere from $50 to $60 a thousand.
Woman Grews Two-Pound Lemon.
Evansville, Ind. - Mrs. William
Thum, residing at 703 Sixth avenue,
has grown a lemon three times as
large of the ordinary lemon and
weighing two pounds.
She planted her tree four years ag
and has taken good care of it Mrs
Thum will use the home-grown lemon
to make a large pie and will invite
her friends to share it with her.
food was doled out a handful a day
Just suffcient to keep energy alive.
Toward the last of the terrible jout
y they were compelled to take of
their mocassins and "mucklocks" and
eat them. Each day they were able
to walk less than the preceding day,
and when they stumbled into an Ia
dian camp they had almost glven up.
At the camp the friendly Indians
supplied them with rations and they
started out again. They reached Fort
MacPherson in safety.
Johnson remained there. After the
rivers were frosen solid the ýlsp,
with two Indians, started out again
for Dawson and came through with.
out further diiculty.
Saves Her Kittens PFrst.
Pranklin, Pa.-During an early
morning Are in the residence of Dr.
J. C. J. Peebles, the doctor sought
to console his daughter, Genevieve,
aged 11, over the loss of her two kit
"They're not burned, daddy; here
they are," she said, as she drew them
from the folds of her pightdress.
As soon as the are was discovered
she had rushed through the smoke
and rescued her pets.
A Corner in Ancestors
By FRANCIS COWLES
(Copyright by MeXcC 7dIe ate)
There Were a great many families
of Curtis, Curtiss, Corteis, Curteis and
Curtyce in England; but although the
American families of Curtis and Cur
tiss came from England, there is not
much known about the history of
them before they reached this country
Many settlers of the name reached
here before 1700. One Thomas came
to Connecticut in 1639, and his de
scendants still live in that state.
Richard arrived in Scituate, Mass.,
with his brothers John and Thomas,
in 1640. The descendants of these
three men live in Beituate, Hanover
and Boston, Mass. Another Curtis,
George, reached Boston that same
year. Three years later Dedate came
to Braintree. Then there was a
Henry, who came to Windsor, Conn,
in 1645, the descendants of whose
three sons, Rowland, Samuel and Na
thaniel, lived in Northampton, Massa
and Coventry, Conn. Zacheus came
to Salem in 1663; and in 1671 Francis
Curtis reached Plymouth, with his
wife Hannah. He left six children
John, Benjamin, Prancis, Elizabeth,
Elisha and Ebeneser.
In 1638 the founder of one of the
American branches of the family
reached Boston in the ship Lyon. His
name was William. and he came from
Nauing, Essex county England, to
loin his brother-i-law. John 1isot, the
"Apostle to the Indians." He had a
good many chlldren-WlltmI. Mary,
Thomas, Elsabeth, John, Phflp
The Haine family anad the Hayns
family are domended frmn the am
original stock. They are an old aan
family, and were probably established
In England maore than a century be
fore the Norman conquest. Pr when
William the Norman landed there
"hey were a strong tribe.
It Is probable that they were fol
lowers of the Saxon leaders, Hengast
and Horse, who came to England at
the Invitatio of the ancient Britons
to help fight of the Invading Plots
and Scots. The Saxons, as you will
remember, put down the Invaderd, but
then instead of quietly withdrawing
to their old home, they decided to set
tie down In England tbemelves.
When the Normans later Invaded
England they found a strong clan In
Devonshire known as the Clan Hames.
There was a Hayne river, a Hayne
tower, and a ayne eastle. William
took one-half their possessions for his
own and entered the. other half In his
Domesday book as the property of the
The family, tn spite of this damper,
Iew In ais and power, and spread
throughout England. Some of the fam
ily spelled the name with an "t" and
some with a "y" but however they
spelled it, they are of the same orlg
Gen. John Haynes, Who captured
the island of Jersey under Cromwell,
was a member of the amily; and
there were several other prominent
Englishmen of the name who traced
their ancestry back to the sturdy Sax
In 1613, about twelve hundred years
after the coming to England of the
a8uons, Samuel Haines was born
there. When be was 16 years old he
was appreutloed to Mr. John Cog
well, a cloth manfacturer of West
bury. Wiltshire. But a year before
the bo~s ten years' apprentleeshlp
was served out, Mr. Comwell deeled
to eome to Ameorie to live. So i I
163I he set sot from England in t he
little sWlp Angel Gabriel, and Smuel
Haines came with him.
Samuel aines lived S year In Bo.
ton with Mr. Cogswell to complete
his apprenticeship: and then he set
out In the world for himself. In 1688
he returned to England; and as be
came back In a short time to Amerlca
with a bride-Ellenor Neate--t is
supposed that he was engaged to her
before he first came over.
Samuel and his wife settled down
at Northam, and lived there for ten I
Samuel the first had a son of his I
own name, and another ,named Mat- a
thins. Samuel the second lived
8arah, Hannah and Isaac. All of his
sons took part in fighting against the
Elizabeth, or the "Widow Curtis," as
she is called in most of the early rec
ords, is the known founder of another
branch of this family. Just when she
came over is not known, nor is it
surely known who her husband was,
although it is presumed that he was
John, a brother of the William who
came over in the Lyon. At all events,
her name first appears on the Boston
town records about 1650. She had
three sons. all born at Nazing, Eng
land-John, William and Thomas. The
latter probably did not come to Amer.
ica, for there are no records of him
The Widow Elizabeth's son John
married Elizabeth Welles, probably a
sister of Gov. Thomas Welles of
Massachusetts. He took a prominent
part in public life of his time, and was
a soldier' n King Philip's war. His
children were John, Israel, Elisabeth,
Thomas, Joseph, Benjamin and Han
ana The widow's son Willitam's chil
dren were Sarah, Jonathan, Josh
usa, Abigail, Daniel, Elizabeth, Ebe
nezer, Zacharlah and Josiah.
Henry, who came to Watertown,
Mass, to 1636, and later settled in
Sudbury, and whose decealeants now
live chiefy in Topsseld and Worces
ter. Mass., established another promi
nent branch of the family here, and
the one from which the late auther,
George William Curtis, was desended.
Henry had three sons. Ephralm,
John and Joseph; but the latter was
the only one who married and left
children. His wife was Abigail Grout
at Budbury, and his children were
Abigail, who married Capt. Thomas
Goulding; Ephraim; Mary, who mar.
rled Thomas Ston; Joseph; and
8srah. who married Jonathan Smith.
The arms. which are illustrated,
were granted to John at London, who
had formerly lived at Nasing, shortly
before William eame over In the Lyoa;
and ft ia suposed that these arms,
therefo, behlo to the branche of
the thn clbimiat descent either
frem William, or rom the Widow Cur
ts They are blaoned: Quarterly.
frat and fourth azure, a fesse dan.
cette between three decal crowns; er
second and third on a pale table three
mullets or. Here is the blazon of the
crest, as it appears tn an old doem
meat In the possessio of the family
n this country: "A Lyon t his
pro e clorls Issuinga forth of his
Or and Azure suportlag in his
right pews a sheld Azure & therao
a fth daeette Or, mantled gale
doubled argst "
Is Oreelsad, Ma, sad at the break
lug eat at King illiam's war ball a
garries there. Thlh two brothers
ived to a good age, but the dli*
withs a few weeks of each other, ant
there s record "that the eveat was
very much taken noUtee of and eamel
rde a remarkable Providenee, for
they were noted man and carried vt
their work and business together to
The will t William, one at ba
acare le-gall dson to the ,siL
+, .. " ....• * u .
Samual-l still estant, and it ehowa
the acre with which be rwdeod for
his wa, as wel as for tfhe het th..
he met bane been a man of a goed
deal ot property.
Riehard Halnee of Anyhoe am H1..
Northamptone, nmstand, freem the oti
suxom family, became a member at
the Soelety of Priends, and in liM8
started for New Jereey on the ahip.
Amity. His youngest eon, Joseph,
was born on the long journey acroes
the Atlantic, and Richard himself
died. But his family carried out his
plans. and settled In New Jersey.,
The arms aof the Haines and Haynes.
family are blasoned: Or, on a feese
gaules three besauts, In chief a grey
hound, courant, sable, collared qf the
second. The crest Is an eagle dis
played azure semee of eatolles argea.