[he Colfax Chronicle
lOsi 4t aum0ir Pmraw on., la.
.L G. GOOOWYN, Messims ter
LESSONS IN FORESTRY.
Thb world is fast learning the value
of its forests and is taking steps to
protect or reclaim them. Wanton
waste Guring centuries of ignorance
has brought many once fertile regions
to the verge of a desolation like that
of the Sahara, but repentance and re
forestation have in every instance
been followed by Immediate rewards.
Take the case of the Karst, a stretch
of barren limestone land along the
Austrian shores of the Adriatic. The
navies of Venice were built of timber
from the Karst, and most of eastern
Italy drew its supplies of wood from
the same supposedly inexhaustible
source. The result was depletion-the
Karst was turned into a seemingly ir
redeemable waste. At last Austrian
foresters turned their attention to the
400,000 barren acres; taxes were re
mnitted and money was remitted to
tree planters; technical advice a-id en
couragement was supplied. This work
began in 1865. To-day over two-thirds
of th: Karst, or 400,000 acres, has been
reclaimed. Germany, ' rance, Den
mar:, Russia, Switzerland, Belgium
and l.ol:and have given special atten
tion to their forests recently, Germany
being the pioneer and leader in the
work. But Prance has lately done so
much in legislation and active assist
ance that special attention should be
given to her efforts.
'a'he change from steam to electric
ity on want have been steam railroads
is so gradual, and the roads then
selves make so little fuss about it,
that the public !s not in a position to
realize the extent to which so marked
a change in the application of power
to transportation is being brought
about. For example, it will be a sur
pries to most people, ever, within a
ompnaratively short distance of New
York, to learn that the Long Island
railway already has 140 miles of ele
trkally equippped track in readiness
for operation. It :a expected that by
the irst of next February trains will
he running directly from the Pennsyl- I
vanla terminal at Pevcnt . avenue and
T flr-fioirth street, Manhattan. to Ja
ailes. It will not Le long before the
rritory at the western end and along
the north shore of Long Island will be
tolueded in the througe service.
A London dispatch ansounces that I
elarmann Klein, who is a teacher of
sianging in New York, has entertained
as r n aunddlee with a leetare en
IMsd "The Truth Abe't Music la
Amerlca." Musical enthusiasm, he deo
lared, is Ilargely a pose of American t
wenes. No musical educatior exisits
to the country. Ragtime is really pro- c
trred to chamber music. American
artist are only ap-reciated by their
ebnatrymen after they have achieved C
ueeb elsewhere. Finally, he at
tekethe star system in opera d
umrab music and concerts as it exists a
In the United States. a
The younger element among milt- a
tary and naval men will approve the.
emademnation of the existing organl- $
satins of the military establishment of
the United Sttes by the board ap
pointed several months ago to asiU
tte comparisons between methods in
this country and in Europe, and to
make a report. The report will rec- a
eammend the establishmedt of an ad- a
visory beard with duties ad powers
eimilar to those of the British adminral- tl
ty. A thorough reorganilatin of navy
yard administration will also be ad
A wooden vessel 350 feet long over d
all will be launcher at Bath, Me, with.- s
as two weeksL She will be the largest fo
vessel of American registry, and prob
ably one of the last wooden vessels of
lrge size to be constructed in the
United States. Steel has come to be
the material for both steam and sail
cratt, the world over. Ci
I less than ten years' time every
part of Central America will be in
dally touch with the commercial world
and the people peaceful and happy in me
all the povinces, says the Cincinnatei me
S~iqalrer, with no fear of revolutions, 00
peolitical murders or ofmcal demands
otr their Ulives and their property. o
More irregularities have been dis
eeoWerd In the supply depa.rtment of
the Oerman navy at Klel. Thi, time it vo
is in the matter of meat that crook. shi
das is alleged. Germany can no
seger laugh at the revelations of No
rrengularities in the French navy. IsIS
Noew there is an unprofitable differ
te of the returns on the point wheth
r the less of life In this season's foot- oi
baM is I or 31. Yet why make a r
iuN over a little matter like two f
e to their bearing on the glory pat
et the game? 3,0
If Rmas knew that his present fro
wahution was only $30,000 at the Bo- of
e cutom house he would wish he for
n bak in Eg4ypt where his ful yea
srth wa- better appreciated some y
a eo ar ago.
DISAGREE 0N SilNS
Some Prophets Predict Mild Sea
son-Others See Severe Cold.
to General Belief in Pennsylvania County
on is That There Will Be Hard Win
ce ter After Middle of January,
to Continue into March.
. Reading. Pa.-Berks county weath
ce er prophets are busy making their
Is. predicitions for the coming winter,
eh and while none of them agree, the
se general belief is that there will be a
severe winter after the middle of Jan
er uary and that it will continue until
late in March.
If observations made of insects can
m be taken as an indication of the
le weather conditions this winter, mild
le ness will prevail. Some farmers
r- have observed in plowing that the
in worms and bettles are lying close to
1e the surface and that the toad has not
e. gone deep.
Another evidence of mild weather
is the lateness of some snakes in de
positing their eggs. Recently farmers
Ik n plowing have dug up a number of
is eggs, and, upon breaking them open
,n small live snakes squirmed out.
o- One of the Berks prophets says that
a the winter will be a mild one because
1. there were quite a few cold days in
y early autumn. That the winter will
not be a sevcere one is the prediction
of John Musser, a Brecknock town
ship farmer, Berks county's new
t goosebone prophet He is the succes
e sor of the late Elias Harts, whose an
nual winter forecasts. from the goose
bone made him famous.
Musser says: "The goosebone is
marked very peculiarly this year. In
stead of having dark marks joined to
gether there is a dark spot indicated
here and there. This indicates that
o the winter will be an open one, with
a severe spell now and then.
r "January, or the early part of it,
t will see an occasional snowfall. But
there will be a warm spell about the
15th and another in the latter part of
the month. "
Pebruary will be a severe month,
according to the markings, and there
will be several blizzssards and plenty of
ice and snow.
"March will be opened with mild
I weather, but it will be bitter cold the
. latter part of the month." C
Anthony Ruppert, aged 85, of Bas
ket, a regular Hoyle on snakes, de
clares that the woods and fields are
full of young snakes, which indicates
that the winter will not be a hard C
Local weather prophets contend that
weeds have grown to an unusual
height and that this indicates a severe
winter and lots of snow, since nature
caused the weeds to grow tall, so that
birds can feed upon the seeds when n
the ground is covered with snow.
Squirrels began carrying their supply i
of winter grain and nuts into their D
nests earlier than usual this year, and P
some farmers declare that this. india
cates cold weather and a long winter. fe
Several other farmers said that ei
muskrats began building early; that v
corn husks are thick, with the stalks at
leaning to the west; that geese, ducks ee
and chickens are growing a thick P
down under their feathers and a bony ce
substance on their feet; that toad- .Q
stools on old logs lave many wrin
kles: that owls retired to the forest do
a month earlier than usual, which all m
indicates that the winter will be a in
short but a severe one. at
Meanwhile the guessing goes mew- w
rily on and the exact result will not cc
be knqwa until April 1. 1910. pt
Many Spiders in Shipment.
New York. Jan. 4.-Two thousand ru
spiders, 500 bottles of Insects and am
numerous assortment of scorplons of
snakes and amphibians from out of tr
the way corners of Mexloo have just am
reached New York. They are the re-an
sult of a ten nonths' expedition under on
Dr. Alexander Petrunkevitch of the fr
American Museum of Natural History. is
His choicest trophy is a very rare trap In
door spider, of which only one other ce
specimen Is known to exist. It was w
found in the state of Tabasco. rr
Large Gains In Lake Trade
Commerce During November Nearly
Two Million Tons Greater
Than a Year Ago.
Washington.-The volume of oom
merce on the great lakes during thi
month of November was nearly 2.000,
000 tons greater than for the corre
sponding month last year, and more
than 1,000,000 tons in excess of that
for November, 1907, according to fig
ures of the department of commeroe
All items showed an increase in
volume, excepting lumber, with ore
shipments leading the increase.
The total tonnage for the month of
November during the three years are:
1e0 ......................................,9 .5a11
180 ........................................8. 4,4
t ...................... ..................3.365L 1
The total for the season to the end
of November is given as 79,040,047,
with 59,333,823 and 82,365,841 net tons
reported for the corresponding periods
of 1908 and 1907. The total for the
past season shows a less of nearly
3,000,000 tons from '1907. November
soft cool shipments differed little
from preceding Novembers. Shipments
of hard coal were considerably less
for the month than during previous
years. the decrease comina principal
ly from Buffalo and Erie.
Wheat shipments were 14,576,000
:or the month or nearly 3,000,000 bulh
DEMONSTRATES NEW ANAES THETIC.
Dr. Thomas Jonnesco, the Roumanlan scientist who has demonstrated
that painless surgical operations can be performed upon patients while
they remain conscious, recently visited the middle west and demonstrated
his discovery. Dr. Jonnesco hypodermically injects stovaine into tie pa
tient's spine and at the same time administers strychnine to strengthen
the heart action.
- - - - - - - - -
Want New Calendar
Dutch Delegates to London Con
gress to Urge Innovation.
Claim Is Made That It Would Greatly
Simplify Wage and Interest Cal
culateione-Plan is of Swisa
The Hague, Holland.-At the inter
national congress of chambers of com
merce and industrial societies, which
is to take place in London in 1910, the
Dutch Society of Industry will pro
pose to simplify the calendar accord
ing to the method of the Swiss pro
fessor, Oroadande. The Gregorian cal
endar. which was a great step in ad
vance of the time of its introduction.
still contains many elements of d4m
culty for modern trade and industry.
Perhaps the worst of them is the un
certainty of Easter day and conse
Like Christmas day and New Year's
day, Easter is an important date with
many nations. In many branches of
industry Easter is the time of greatest
activity. For these industries it
would be a great boon if Easter day
could be given a fixed date, or ap
proximately so, for now the time
often varies as much as R5 days.
The shortness of the month of Feb
ruary is the one difficulty to be sur
mounted. The inequality of length
of the months gives a great deal of
trouble in the calculation of wages
and of interest that go by the month.
and which do not now coincide with
one-twelfth of a year. Between the
first ana second half of the year there
is also a difference of three days.
In all business houses and large con
cerns where the wage payment to
workers is a large factor, It would
greatly simplify matters in making upr
els greater than last year, practically
all from Duluth-Superior. Corn ship
ments, mostly from Chicago, were in
creased. Lumber shipments remained
Boats to the number of 6,800 depart
ed on the great lakes during Novem
ber, 1909, compared with 6,337 during
November, 1908. The tonnage regis
ter of the boats was nearly 2,000,000
greater than November of last year,
and for the entire season about 24
per cent. greater than the season of
Pauper is Costly.
London.-Mr. Presse, 'oversess to
the Minworth parish, sas there is
only one pauper in the district, but
the ratepayers have to contribute
$4,400 to the poor law administration.
The Minworth parish authorities were
asked to throw in their lot with Bir
mingham, but they declined the Invt
Gets Valuable Colleteon.
London.-There has just been added
to the Royal College of Surgeons in
Lincoln's Inn Fields, an odontological
museum, containing the most extem
sive and valuable collection ever
brought together to illustrate the
anatomy. evolution and pathology ot
accounts of profit and loas t every
year always had 52 equal wage weeks.
Holland's delegates to the London
conference will propose that the cal
endar year shall consist of New
Year's day and further of 12 mouths
y of 6 weeks, the weeks to be divided
into four quarters or terms, each of
13 weeks of 91 days, the quarters to
be divided into three months of re
spectively 30 and 31 days.
rI If the Introduction of the new cal
I- endar Is postponed until 1912 the 1st
h of January, which will be the day
a after New Year's day (marked 9).
' will fall on a Monday. This will give
I- the advantage that the thirty-frst day
> of the months of March, June, Se
1- tember and December will be Sun
1- days, so that all the months of 31 days
, have one Sunday more than the
Il months of 20 days, but the same n ss
r. ber of work days. This will alm
a- plify all business calculations.
. Leap year would .e Inserted be.
tween Sunday, June 31, and Monday,
a July 1. so that in leap year the extra
l day would be exactly in the middle at
i the year and have the same function
t as New Year's day, being similarly
t marked with an 0 (dcpher).
r In this way (1) all the terms or
- quarters of a year would be of equal
s length; (2) each mouth should have
an equal number of work days; (3)
the first and fifteenth days of every
month, which play such an Important
a part In business, would never fall oa
Sunday; (4) all Sundays would be
Seasily determined, because the thirty
first day, with which every term
Scloses, always falls on a Sunday; (5)
every year would be divided in the.
same way; (6) Easter day would tail
on the 7th of April, the first Sunday
of the second quarter.
If this proposal of Holland is acoept
ed the calendar for the first, quarter
,. of the year 1912 would look like this:
January. February. March.
Mon. ..1 315 222 612 28 4113I
Tues ., 11 22 20 714 21 Z23 612
Wed. .310 174 1 8 15S22t 10 37
Thur. .4 11 185 2 9162 0 71421
Fri. ...12 1926 3101, 7 1 8I15
Sat ... 13 2027 41118 6 23 16 3 B
un. ..7 14 21 2 5612 19 2 3 17t31
Another proposition which will
come before the congress is to fix
Easter day for the firt Sunday after
the fourth of ApriL This would still
leave- a margin of seven days on whhle
Easter might fall In various years, but
it would be an improvement over the
present system .
CURIOUS CODICIL TO A WILL
Englishman Leaves Sen, Reently
Married, Fortune if Sey Born of
Union Attains 3 Years.
London.-A curious condition was
contalied In a codie1l to the will of
Al. Woollan, former mayer t Tof
bridge Wells, who left property worth
over $1.00,000. By the terms of the
will the alderman left $1,O00,000 to is
wife for her Ifetinom after which the
prcperty passed to his son Er t ab
solutely. In the codIcil made a fort
aight before his death Woollan stated
that as his son had married nreetly
he therefore left him only a life in*
terest In the money unless a male
child which attained the age of three
years should be born of the union and
be certified by two physicins of good
standing as to its reasonably sound
mind and body. In this case the tea
tator's son will receive the tua abso.
Business mt, Stand
"F " on Her
Girl Own Merits
nYr . WEuESLE Iy anaAI
HE sensible girl who hopes to succeed in business must remem
one thing at least to begin with, and that is that she must
solicit no favor on the score of sex.
She must be at her desk, behind the counter, at her ledger
or her typewriter by the appointed hour every morning and
must fill her day with work well done.
Headache and nerves are all well enough, but men can
can hardly be called unchivalrous who refuse to allow for them
in the business woman.
The business girl must remember that she is a cog in a
machine and if she fail to do her whole duty she will throw the machine
out of gear.
The girl in business who means to succeed is not perfunctory in her
meethod of working. She takes pride in doing her best and she has the
interests of the firm at heart.
A young woman who sells goods at the counter must show an ability
to win purchases from reluctant customers.
In doing this she must take care not to be too pressing, not to talk
too much and not to offend those whom she would conciliate,
To use a picturesque and pithy word that belongs to the vocabulary
of slang, the young girl who would successfully sell goods. must not be
"fresh." Customers do not enjoy being chaffed or patronized and, as a
rule, they are not looking for advice from the opposite side of the counter.
If they ask information it should be lucidly given, but the girl who forces
it upon them without their consent is not likely to gain their favor.
So far as she can she must devote her entire attention to whatever
she has in hand. When the day's work is done she
will find it more restful to drop it completely and
return to the atmosphere of home life, though this
is not as essential to her success as the opposite
In business she may be friendly, but she is not
on the watch for friendship. She need not be un
womanly, nor is it necessary that she should imagine
that anyone mesas to offer her insult- or take advan.
tage of her inexperience.
My observation leads me to think that,
on the whole, women are more onsoien
Woman tious thanmenand in ais of honesty
will resist temptati more effectively. A
Deserved good man yes ago I was propetor of a
e ddiecnd-cl hotel in ern city. On
Wenight a man of very ndijierent appeere i
Gift and shabby drewked for a room, which.
he paid for in advance. He was requteo.
to register, but made some exceue and was
h . . S Rshown to one of the cheapest rooms. The
SLnext morning be disappeared early. Tha
maid, a very petty and esoeptiosUy ma*
eat and good girl, oe Maggie Mulvan ,
r found under the pillow a sack chock fll of gldd coins. She btought ins
treasure to me immediately aid counted out $1,000 ea, in eagles ant
The money was put in the safe and every effort was made to locate
the owner. For two years that gold reposed where I had put it, until cme
day my partner came to me and said: "Maggie ilvane, I bhear, is to be
married soon. We've kept that money she found long apbngh. If say.
of the men in our employ had found it they would bae bkept it. ShaL
we give it to her as a wedding present? 3By all les" I said, ':
I wish that it eould be made imnp,:'s
sible for real estate men and .stoekeepr.
So m to have to keep their oemfmes s r*
open on Sundays. It is a naianoe ma
i Vde City u r..C . st r pl work L -.
3,NEa U eshort hous now and do a te
OinW dTrihkg tkeepig To mer chandse cm t
I)eadreed and some l-md be onl~ y .
glad to closeq as they dd ao busines '4
.Sunday; but becaue some keep opes oth '
or ma ggaggar era have to. '
daTh, , 'e keping at merch anis b;ai?
sidewalks mauses a great deal of work andi
loes. But becaua some do it al hmve t .I
do it. I think there is a law forbidding allthis.
And it should be forbidden-to hang any kind of plcamrds aid pho
tographs on our street lampposts. Nobody cmn elet a man from his ph
tograph and it looks bad for outsiders and foreigners that come to omur
And the street peddlers cry out their wares so that you eal heir
them blocks away. That should be stopped. We need good law d .,: .
If a man knew in advance what ,rtof .i
a crop Mother Earth were going to yield :
F BrIga in each recurring season, agriculture wnod
Fe ehe best a t huma ooCmpations.
Must Take For th two yeas of 1o07 and 9 I
ton a plantation of 00 cres of splendid
on Weather bo'""* , **
S aEach se "a.I made almost sa shwi.
lote failmr ~Le atof tbe heuvy iloot&
, ~r hich dmrwned out the cotton and kept it
Inst spring I fared the sime .thing
would happen again and let thos bottom
lie idle, planting all my crop in the uplands. Right here I made a big
The seaman was so dry that the uplands yielded scarcely anything,
but had my low ground been in cultivation it would have p3odtucd at
least a bhale per acre, or 300 bales in all.
At $80 a bale, including the value of the seed, that would have bee
$24,000, half of which would have been dlean prodt
All of whic I lost by refusing to take a chance Faon the weather .
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