"Some good, old-fashioned winter,
believe me," said Miss Connelly, gay
ly, as she bounced into the cloak
room. "Anybody that's collectin' this
kind of weather can have all that's
cumin' to me and no questions asked."
She threw her muff at Miss Hoff
man and her fur collar at 'Miss Larson
and laid two icy fingers on the back of
Miss irizkie's neck. Miss Frizkie
squirmed out of reach.
"You're terribly nervous, Frizzle,"
sa!d Miss Connelly. "You ought to
take something for it."
"I'm more likely to hand out some
thing," rejoined Miss Frizkie, with
Miss Connelly winked at Miss IIoff
man, who promptly collapsed in an at
tack of the giggles. "Pretty smart
for you, Frizzle," said Miss Connelly.
"Look at what you done to little
Hoffy. Some of them wheezes of hers
is going to strike in some day.
"I wish you girls could see ma," she
went on after a moment. "You never
did see any person hate the cold the
way ma does. The first night I breez
ed in out of that north wind ma was
settin' just as close to the kitchen
stove as she could set.
"'Forevermore, ma,t I says, puttin'
my hand on the back of her neck,
like I done to Frizzle just now, 'why
don't you get into the stove?'
"'I would,' says ma, 'It the door was
"Say, it always tickles me to death
to see ma get peevish, so I went to the
door and flung it open. 'Gee,' I says,
'but it's close in here!'
"'Nell Connelly,' yells ma, 'shut that
door this minute, or I'll take my slip
per to you.'
"I didn't move fast enough to suit
her, so she jumped at the door and
slammed it shut and I really thought
she was going to hand me one on the
aide of my head, she was so mad."
"'Well, she says, 'I never thought
to live to be the mother of a goose,'
she says, 'though it ain't a word that
I care to use, me bein' a lady. It don't
run in my family,' she says. 'I al
ways did say you took after your pa's
"The next morning, when I came
down to breakfast, ma was shaking
so with the cold that she was makin'
the dishes rattle on the shelves. I
was doin' a shiverin' act myself, but I
-wasn't in the same class with ma.
"My teeth was chatterin' so I could
hardly talk, but I says, as steady as I
could: 'My, ain't it oppressive this
mornin', ma? What do you say to
havin' cold boiled ham, lemonade and
Ice cream for supper tonight?' I says.
"I couldn't get a word out of ma
that night when I come home from
work. I don't know's I ever seen her
so sore before. After supper my kid
brother and sister got to scrappin'
and, bless Pete, if they didn't break
the window! Ma give 'em just one
look and then she beat into her bed.
room and locked the door, and not one
of us set eyes on her again that
'"IThe next night when I blew in
there was my kid sister gettin' sup
"'Whe's mast I says.
*'Oone to Q.' says the kid.
Bt ja a an awful jolt. rd never
St"oma to go to bed in the day
'iInce d been acquainted with
"She ain't sick, is she?' I says.
"'She's actin' awful funny,' the kid
says. 'I can't tell whether she's sick
or not. You better go in and talk to
"Well, I went into ma's room and
there she was in bed with a hot water
bottle on each side of her, about sev
en blankets and three comforters on
top of her and my kid sister's cap that
she wears to school pulled over her
"'Why, ma,' I says, 'what's the mat
ter? Are you sick?'
"'I a'pose you might call It beln'
sick,' she barks. 'I know I'm sick and
tired of this here weather and I ain't
loin' to countenance it another min
ute.' Ma knows some swell words, be
lieve me. She's got a grand educa
"'Well,' I says to ma, 'I guess stay
In' in bed's the best thing you can do,'
I says. 'I'll fetch you in some supper
and some hot coffee and then maybe
you'll feel better.'
" 'You let me alone.' says ma. 'You
needn't bring me nothin' to eat. Do
you think I'm goinlg to sit up and eat
it? You bet your life I won't'
"On the square, I begun to think
b3edgone dippy. She didn't act no
sore like ma usually does than noth
S'Oh, come out of it, ma,' I says.
'Y ou bet I won't come out of it,'
ma says. 'rm going to stay right in it
till spring. And, what's more.' she
says, 'I ain't goin' to wash my face till
the temperature gets above treesing,
and before I come to bed I did my hair
up to stay till the Fourth of July. Now,
beat it,' says ma."
"My, I should think she'd get awful
tired of It," said Miss Larson, anxious
ly. "Do you really think she will stay
there in bed?"
"Sure she will," replied Miss Con
nelly. winking cheerfully at the othebr
six. 'Ma takes after me and George
Washilngton. She never told a lIe."-
Chicago Daily News.,
EASILY MADE HOTBED'
Many Little Details Go Far
Towards Making Success.
Much Care Is Necessary in Preparing
Soil-No Set Rule Can Be A'
plied to Manure on Account
of Ita Composition.
(t;y JOSEPIINE DEMAR.)
At the very first stirring of the
sap comes to most of us a longing to
see LDan:e Nature awake and go about
her spring business. We eagerly look
for the first signs of life in the maples
and in the sheltered recesses of the
woods under the dead leaves.
When I feel the first hint of spring
I start my Lotbed. This I fashioned
out of an old glass cupboard door,
.ome old boards, a saw, hammer and
nails. Critics may find fault with it
but as it has been a decided success
I do not mind the verdict of the crit
ics. Utility, not beauty, is my aim.
The glass cover had done duty as a
cupboard door for many years and
when the house was remodeled it was
consigned to the attic until it was
pressed into its present state of use
The frame measures 22 inches high
at the back and slopes down the sides
to the front to 12 inches; the glass
frame is fastened to the back with
hinges. An excavation was dug and
the frame placed upon it. The ex
cavation is eight or ten inches deeper
than the frame, and the frame stands
12 inches above the soil at the back,
and the front five inches. A stout
stake was driven in the four corners
of the frame to support It.
The bed is located south of the
summer kitchen, a well-drained spot
where it will get the sun all day.
The earth is banked around the
frame and a ditch carries all the sur
face water away. In the meantime
the heat material was prepared. This
was horse-manure gathered from the
stalls each day and put in a cone
One-third leaves were added to as
sist the manure to "sweeten." Manure
alone is too dense and will not fer
ment properly unless leaves, straw or
some sort of litter is added.
As soon as the pile looked large
enough to fill the frame it was allowed
to ferment evenly. When the mass
was moist and steaming it was put
into the hotbed.
It is impossible to give any harbud
and fast rule in preparing manure for
the hotbeds, for so much depends upon
the composition and texture of the
manure and the state ')f the weather.
It is safe to say, however, that the
pile must be worked over several
times and when it is moist and warm
it is ready for the frame.
In the bottom of the excavation I
always place a thin layer of cornstalks
cut a foot long, for protection against
the cold earth. When the manure is
rut in it nearly reaches the top of the
soil; then it is well tamped, and after
tamping, it should reach within ten
inches of the top of the frame In
As a usual thing eight inches of
thoroughly prepared manure will heat
a spring hotbed. The.bed is then cov
ered with the glass door and left to
itself for a few days.
Then five inches of fine, rich, well
prepared soil is added; again the cov
er let down and the bed allowed to
heat, a thermometer placed in it and
when it registers 85 degrees the seeds
The amateur will want to sow seeds
when the bed is entirely too hot, but
make haste slowly is a good policy
in this case.
Before sowing the seeds rake the
soil to destroy the weed-seeds which
have sprouted. Sow such seeds as
tomato, cabbage, lettuce, peppers, etc..
but be sure to reserve several rows
ANGORA GOATS ARE PROFITABLE ANIMALS
Angora Buck and Does.
The fleece of the Angora goat,
known on. the market as mohair, will
sell at 50 cents to $2 a pound. The
price depends upon the length, fine
ness, and amount of coarse hair. The
average amount of mohair varies from
about five to fourteen pounds a head.
The United States has the reputa
tlon of producing the best quality of
mohair. It is used tq.make plush car
pets, chair seats, braids, curtains and
many articles of women's clothing.
The original home of the Angora
goat is in the village of Angora, in
The Angora goat was Introduced
into the United States in 1849, when
the sultan .:f Turkey presented nine d
'for your ower-seeds. Make the rows
run north and south. Water the bed
with a sprinkler having a very fine
The little seedlings are very delicate
and care must be taken not to bake,
starve or chill them. Too much heat is
worse than too little, therefore, it is
necessary to air the hotbed by open
ing the frame when the sun shines
and the weather is warm.
Water with a fine 'hose when the
soil looks light in color and is dry to
the touch. Thin out the plants if they
stand too thickly in the row.
When the plants have attained two
or three true leaves they must he
transplanted into a cold frame. This
I made with the twin cupboard door.
and contains no heating material, and
the frame put on the top of the
The earth should be banked all
around the frame and during cold
days and nights both the hot and cold
frame were covered with b3ard shut
ters, and carpet thrown on top for
After the hotbed has been emptied
into the cold frame it may be used to
grow another crop of seedlings. The
hotbed is also a good place to start
cuttings. Slip the cuttings, place
them in a dish containing sand which,
should be kept as wet as mud, and
the slips will grow in a short time.
DIVERSIFICATION IN SOUTH
Farmer Who Raises All His Own Sup
plies Can Market His Cotton
When Prices Suit Him.
The cotton grower who diversifies
his farming, at least to the extent of
rendering himself independent of out
side source of supply for all of the
grains, fruits, vegetkiles, meats and
dairy products consumed on his farm,
says W. W. Finley, president oft the
Southern railway, is enabled to mar
ket his cotton when there is an eccon
omic demand for it.
He is not compelled to sell regard
less of market conditions, as has so
often been the case, under the ne
Champion Holstein Bull.
cessity of meeting obligations incurred
for foodstuffs and other necessaries of
life by reason of failure to produce
them on his farm.
The cotton farmer is, of course, in
a still more advantageous position if
he carries diversification to the extent
of having something besides cot
ton for sale. It is particularly desir
able that the farmer should have a
steady source of income throughout
The local demand throughout the
south for dairy products, poultry and
eggs is such as to enable the farmer
who produces a surplus of the com
modities to have a weekly income
throughout the year sufficient to meet
his bills with local merchants, and a
regular income such as this, even
though the amount received per week
may be small, will go far in assisting
him to market his cotton when there
is an economic demand for it.
Utility of Cement Fence Posts
Farmers are now beginning to make
cement fence posts quite extensively
in some localities. They seem to be
-a success when properly made, and
they are not expensive, especially
when they are made on the farm on
rainy days or at odd times when work
and in the ground they are there to
stay, perhaps one hundred years.
his choicest goats to President Polk.
Angora goats will adapt themselves
to almost any climatic condition, being
found from New Mexico to the New
England states. Texas and New Mex.
leo produce the greater amount of the
American output, but small flocks are
found in many parts of the Mississippi
. Goats are long lived and are very
prolific breeders at the age of one
year. They are natural browsers, and
often live off twigs and brush.
The fleece should be pure white,
and the staple from ten to twelve
nchees long and very dense. As many
as s5,0 Ibers are found on a square
OaU OFiLOEPD NRY
Railways in Miniature
The building of miniature railways in gardens has become quite a fad in
England. Our photograph shows a remarkable example, at Sheffield, which has
a tunnel 25 feet long, equipped with signals and everything else a railroad
should have. Another built at Norwich by a retired army officer has 600 feet
of track, four stations, three bridges, two tunnels and forty care and locomo
The art of lapidary is one of the
moat delicate employments of mechan
ical force known. The practical dia
mond cutter learns many facts about
precious stones which are sealed books
even to mineralogists.
For instance, it is the lapidarles
who have found out that diamonds
coming from the different districts
vary remarkably in their degrees of
hardness. It appears that the hardest
diamonds come from New South
Wales. An unfamiliar fact is that dia
monds are made to assume approxi
mately the required shape by slitting
and cleaving and by "bruting," which
is the rubbing of one diamond against
another, before they are submitted to
the polihahing wheel. In cleaving the
diamond is cemented on the end of a
wooden stick, and a steel blade is driv
en with a smart blow in the direction
of the natural plane of cleavage. Dia
monds that have been cut by the lapi
dary's wheel lack some of the brtl
lia$ e possesed by those that have
simply been cleaved.
ANCIENT MANCHURIAN TOWER
One of the interesting objects re
cently revealed to occidental eyes in
Manchuria is this ancient tower, which
stands near the city of Chang-Ching.
The upper and lower parts are de
faced by time and weather, but elabor
ate carvings to be seen on the mid-por
BURN STACK OF PROPOSALS
A small roomful of letters, each one
containing some bachelor's yearning
plea for a mate, were burned the oth
er at Santa Monica, Cal., by order of
the mayor's advisory council of wom
en. Thus ended a matrimonial flurry
which was started accidentally, when
it became known that there were fifty
widows in Santa Monica who held the
balance of power politically. The story
of the ascendency of the widows in
Santa Monica reached the ears of the
Oatman Bachelor's club of Oatman.
Aria., which at once forwarded a pro
posal to marry the fifty. Lonely bach
elors elsewhere hastened to enter
their offers, and finally letters began
arriving by hundreds. All the letters
were stacked in a storeroom, and all
destroyed without even having been
brotght to the notice of any mateless
WIND TO PREVENT FROST
To the long list of the means here
tofore proposed of protecting fields,
orchards and vineyards against frost
a dw one has recently been added by
a French scientlst. He points out the
fact that frosts are not feared when
the wind blows; he is thus led to sag
seot the creation of artlcial wind by
the installatlon of electric fass among
the plants to be protected. He eon
eiders this plan applicable echber to
vineyards, but also possibly useful la
CHINESE SEAWEED AS FOOD.!
Freer commercial contact with China
may quite possibly Introduce into our
table menus varieties of spicy coScoo
tions from seaweed. About 130 nutrl
tive kinds of seaweed are In daily con
sumption in the far east and the eulti
vation of seaweed crops is regularly
maintained. More than $600,000 worth
of one preparation alone is consumed
every year in China in the form of
dried gums which can be liquefied in
to delicate jellies. In Europe seaweed
has not been at all considerably used
fcr food, though blancmanges, salads
green vegetables and a sort of tapt
oca fluid have been forms in which
Scotch, Irish and Mediterranean peas
ants have partaken of the sbstaldces
of seaweed. In certain parts of Japan
seaweed is subjected to careful culti
vation, competing species being sup
pressed and rocks previously planted
with the weed, belng sunk In suitable
AFRICANS WHO EAT CLAY
Natives of West Africa, In French
Sudan, practice "geophagy." Although
the practice is common in many parts
of the world, this particular case is
remarkable for the systematic way in
which the dirt is collected, and for
the fact that it occurs In a well culti
vated region, where food is abundant.
The earth consumed is a clay, which
is fouandinterealated ameo. the gau
of the ;regon In beds of various thick"
Hees. The deeper layers are prfrred
and for this reason the natives dig
salleries, which are so crudely con
structed that falls of earth fyequently
occur, eometimes with fatal results.
When an unlucky miner is thus buried
no attempt is made to rescue him, as
it is believed that the divinities of the
mines require an annual victim. It is
stated that individuals not Infrequent.
ly consume seven and a half pounds
of .clay daily.
HOARDED GOLD IN CHINA
Sales of gold have undoubtedly been
made by the Chinese authorities and
from cables which are now coming to
hand from China it would seem that
there is some prospect of the move
ment assuming rather large propor
tions. No one has ever know* the
extent of the hoarded wealth of the
late Empress Dowager, though all
kinds of rumors have been current as
to the accumulation of colossal sums.
Now that by reason of the present
disturbed condition of the country the
meeting of the interest charge on the
debt must impose considerable strain
it would certainly not be surpeising if
sales were effected of some of the
hoarded sold it only with the object
of facilitating the prompt payment of
the coupons on the foreign debt, a
Memorial of Roman Pilars
The memoral h pictured was erected In Tripoli over the grave of
seae Italian seldiers which was dog In a Rom.n eemetery. The shttered
eslume·r ieperal Sn s thwreere Mevw been used apgin E inveaHg
Itomas mlUa i as a lment teMair des
matter concerning which the Chinese
government has always displayed
MAKING A NEW WORLD.
The planet Jupiter, whose volume is
1,279 times that of the earth, and su
perior In dimensions and weight to all
the other planets put together, is just
now attracting the attention of as
tronomers. M. Glacobini of the Paris
observatory, who has made a special
study of Jupiter, has described a red
spot which possesses a relative fixity,
but within the last year its mobility
has increased to great proportions, and
its longitude by about 30 degrees.
That is all that we can say scientifi
cally. Is it really the formation of a
new continent? Can we draw this de
duction from this phenomenon so dit.
cult to seize? It is possible, but who
can say so with certainty? M. Camille
Flammarlon, however, expresses him
self with far greater confidence in this
matter: "We are assisting at the cre
ation of a world. Under our dazzled
eyes a new world is being created in
the infinity and in Jupite- we hail the
world of the future."
NERVES OF FISHES.
After a study of "The Effects of Ex
plosive Sounds, Such as Those Pro.
duced by Motor-boats and Guns, upon
Fishes," Dr. . . Parker, professor of
soology at Harvard. has reported to
the United States bureau of fisheries.
He says his Investigation leads him to
believe "that artificial noises, if ap
propriate in character, might attract
fishes, for sound, even when disagree
able, to the human ear, is not of neees
sity always disturbing to fishes, and
might even serve as a lure," and re
ports these general conclusions: "The
sounds produced by. motor-boats are
extremely faint under water, and have
little iaanfaue on the movements and
I feeding o flabhs."
4 DRIVES A MOTOR CAR AT 94
S Ofe ofa the-aest. eofaimastic motor
ear drivers of Bridgetown, lad., is.lt
h. Jal CahIll, 94 years-'ld and the father
y of 19 children all of whom has out
o, lived. He is often to be seen spnning
g over the country roads, but he never
a attempts a speed of more than thirtd
e miles an boar.
' BRIDGE LIKE AN "X."
In Zanesvtille, O., there has been a
"Y" shaped bridge In use for a long
time, sand now the proposition at erect
ing an , X" shaped bridge over the
Selne is being conmsidered. As a mat
d ter of fact, the idea has been pra
o tically adopted, the only difficulty be
t ing the lack of money, and If this is
Ssuccessfully looked after the bridge
will be bilt. One great advantage of
such a structure is the fact that one
Spier in the middle of the stream sp
U ports both structures, while If two
a bridges were built 4te dilcautles of
· navigattag the stream would be is
if Experimeats in compressig Sour
* show that its keeping qoualities are pro
t longed almost indeSnltely by the proe
eef . Its bulk is deereased by onem
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