Newspaper Page Text
The Colfax Chronicle
COLFAX, LOUISIANA, SATURDAY, OCTOBER 5, 1912.
Farmers' Educational i
and Co-Operative d
Union of America e
Matters of Especial noeat to i
the Progressive Agriculturist
The too-early farmer is a bird.
Individual excellence is better than
a lengthy pedigree.
J Give more intensive attention to
your extensive intentions.
Ever see the man who works like
a bee every place but at home?
Most of our politicians have the
courage of other people's convictions.
Many a man fails to reach the top L
because every time he stops to rest
he falls asleep.
More of us will make fewer mis
takes if we care more for facts and
less for opinion.
Those who denounce. money as a
curse are always anxious to have the
curse come home to roost.
Going through debt is like going
through a tunnel-a man feels uncom
fortable all the time he is in it.
Doing the work that is enjoyed is
never a drudgery and most people en
joy the work which makes a profit.
Many a farmer's wife has seen her
silk dress trickle from the neck of a
whisky bottle down her husband's
He who farms just a little better
than he did last year is on the way
toward the perfect way of doing things
on the farm.
The man who neither borrows nor
lends may be following the best pol
icy, but he is not the best liked in the
The farmer should make use of his
porches and easy chairs on rainy days.
There is no reason why he should
not enjoy some of these pleasures.
The world needs reforming in many
directions; -but the surest way to
make It better is for every man to
commence with himself and in the
sphere of his own calling.
SECURING THE BEST RESULTS
Co-Operation is Secret of More Con
veniences, Better Treatment and
To secure the best results, produc
ers as well as those in other lines of
business, must organize and co-oper
ate. Along this line the Drovers' Jour
nal says: "
That one words spells a great deal
for the farmer, in it lies the secret of
more conveniences, better treatment
and increased profits. There is prob
ably no feature of agriculture which
would lend itself more readily to a
general campaign than that of co-op
eration among farmers. The forma
-pA Q organization along a co-opera
tive line would solve such problems
as production, produce marketing.
the purchase of supplies, dealing with
railroad companies, etc. Transporta
tion companies by negligence alone
are frequently responsible for live
stock shippers Incurring losses. In
such instances the farmer must fight,
his battles along with possibly some
little assistance from his commission
firm. The expense of legal fights
would be minimized considerably if
a farmers' organization maintained a
law department add&fought all con
troversies for its members.
However, the most potent factor
would be the influence of such an as
sociation-its effect, its power. Trans
portation companies cannot be in
duced by the individual farmer to
change time tables, adjust rates or
furnish accommodations to suit the
convenience of the producer. But
shotld the farmers approach railway
and express ofcilals through a power
ful organization of their own, not
only would they be treated courteous
SOME GOOD BUSINESS HINTS
Fsarmers Should Beware of Financial
Shark and 1Sign No Papers With
out Seeing Lawyer.
The great prosperity of the farmers
has aroused the capidity of financial
sharks and they are swarming all over
the country, presenting a thousand
schemes to bring a fortune in a day.
The crooked financial promoter is a
genius in preparing bait for the un
wary. He can make lack look like
white, turn doubt into certainty, over
throw tradition, set precedent aside,
turo waterless wastes into green fields
and bring gold from barren rocke.
He Is genial, plausible. captivating
and conniving and it takes a strong
mind to deny him. But he must be
denied until his schemes have been
proven. There are many investments
of high merit, but they are as golden
apples in a sea of sand when com
pared with the worthless ones, and it
requires a tratined intelligence to dli
There is safety to these simple
rle: gBa ethdin until ye have
ly, but such officials would quickly
recognize the policy of catering to
the organization. The individual pro
ducer is practically entirely at the
mercy of the middlemen, transporta
tion companies and the consumer. Co
operation would result in the inter
est of the producers being protected,
markets could be established and con
certed action along any line would
bear fruit. Co-operation among farm
ers is a step in the right direction.
ROTATION OF CROPS FAVORED
Intelligent System of Leguminous
Plants Will Restore Fertility of
Agricultural science is maintaining
an equitable parity with other pro
feesions. In fact, the science of hu
man maintenance is receiving appro
priate recognition by all enlightened
governments. The possibility of pop
ulation increasing beyond the capa
bility of agricultural production is a
problem that confronts the inhabitants
of all quarters of the globe, says Good
all's Farmer. Probably the present
decade is characterized by wider ex
perimentation in agricultural problems
than any era of the world's history.
Civillzed nations are aroused to the
necessity of increasing the productive
ness of the land and enlarging the
sources of supply of foods obtained
from the river, lake and sea. Eng
land has practically increased its pop
ulation beyond the limit of self-main
tenance and is annually dependent on
other nations for a large percentage of
her food supply. It is not a mat
ter of voluntary philosophizing, but a
strenuous affair of economic necessity
that directs scientific experiment to
the development of agricultural re
Exhausted soils need their virgin
fertility restored. The former wastes
of fertilizers are now eliminated and
the land is managed to increase rath
er than diminish its productiveness.
Nitrogen, the principal plant food, is
known to exist in inexhausible quan
tities in the atmosphere, and experi
ments have been conducted with le
guminous plants to discover how it
can best be conveyed to the soil to en
rich the productiveness of the'land. It
L in this particular that science has
achieved a signal triumph by discov
ering that certain bacteria live- on
the roots of leguminous plants, stimu
late their growth, and leave a residue
of nitrogen in the soil to fructify oth
er plants. By a system of intelligent
rotation of crops conducted with le
guminous plants the productiveness of
worn-out lands are restored to primi
tive fertility. In 'fact, the agricul
tural department has demonstrated
that sterile land inoculated with bac
teria will produce fair crops, and that
a series of rotations of crops will cre
ate enough humus in the soil to make
barren lands productive. It is known
that soils that will not raise alfalfa
can be vaccinated with a sprinkling of
_ alfalfe soil, which will fertilize the
land to make this legume indigenous
to any locality. It is the alfalfa bao
teria that transforms sterile soil into
homogenousness for legume plants. In
this particular science has achieved
a marvelous triumph by bringing har
mony out of disorder and discovering
a living sphore that will transform
1 waste places into fruitful fields. It
is probcble that as man's necessities
accumulate scientific agriculture will
1 eliminate his distress.
Sheep are seldom troubled with tu
berculosis, because they are naturally
r fresh-air cranks. It is not necessary
I to shut them up in a tight barn to in
sure beat results.
After Better Sheep.
t The true breeder is always wanting
7 to improve his flock, and aside from
* the love of sheep, the profits have
t stimulated his efforts to have better
S shown it to your lawyer. Make no
.bargain without consulting your wife
Ii and your banker. Pay no currency
but always give a check and then
take a receipt showing in detail the
LI Grubs in New Land.
Grubs are always found in new
Sground and they are very difficult to
overcome. Thorough and continued
cultivation will, as a rule, rid the soil
Is Work Is Profitable.
g All nature teaches man that there
g is contentment in work, and the farm
e offers man the highest opportunity for
i healthful exercise.
a Thle best way to get on with frming
is to do your wort well and speak Ill
a of no one noat even s a mattei a
DAINTY TABLE FAVORS
SUGGESTIONS FOR TEAS TO
Family Taste and Ingenuity Shown In
Knickknacks of Uncommon
The teas given to forthcoming
trides are graced by the most charm- I
ig favors. The best of the trifles are
bought at the high-class confection
sr's, where they are to be foupd in
- more novel and elegant form than
alsewhere, but smart florsts also show
some very pretty things for this pur
pose, as well as most of the large
iepartment stores. Here and there,
too, one sees a tea table embellished
with homemade knickknacks of unn
~ommon cleverness, some of these im
itating the shop articles, and some
nspired by the family's own taste and
As the bride's newest bouquet is to
be in pyramid form, little corsage
knots are made in this shapo of arti
icial flowers. Various tiny posies are
mixed together, wee pink buds, or
red ones, or yellow ones, forget-me
sots in several shades of blue, pan
sies in all colors. The most deli
:ate green is used vith these, fragile
bits of asparagus fern and other
feathery tufts and small leaves. When
the little bouquet is made up in the
pointed shape, it is inclosed in a horn
if lace-edged paper and the handle
;infoiled. All of the flowers used are
very cheap just now, and for the pa
per holders, when the pretty things
ire made at home, many girls buy
the packages of round lace-edged
paper used upon cake and bonbon
dishes and sold at ten cent stores.
If there are to be men guests at the
function boutonnieres for them are
made up in the same manner. The
rounds of paper need to be cut the
required size and the edges pasted
together. Such corsage knits and bou
tonnieres are permissible for any
smart tea, dinner or luncheon.
The novelties strictly for bridal use
are always in pure white. There are
tiny dolls dressed as brides, wedding
trunks, slippers, little satin bags con
taining rice or confetti, wedding bells.
wee automobiles holding flowers or
:andy, etc. Occasionally a groom in
Mlack get-up, with the traditional white
boutonniere, Is shown in this snowy
gathering, and one such little gentle
man adds a very realistic note to the
lecoratlons of the table. Painted fig
ures on cardboard befleck place cards,
he brides, bridesmaids and black
:oated men all cut out and held up
by a little rest at the back of the
:ard. The.cards are very easy to make
I anybody in the family has a gift for
water-color painting, and when they
ire printed they are cheap enough.
Dates and figs cut in small pieces
and served with plenty of sugar
make a tasty accompaniment to a
lish of rice boiled in milk.
Cheese may be kept soft and good
for a long time if wrapped in a cloth
wrung out in vinegar and then
wrapped again in dry .oth.,
Whole wheat or brown bread cut
Into very thin slices and spread with
unsalted butter is tasty served with
oysters on the half shell.
Strange as it may seem, beef may
be kept for months If immersed In
sour milk. The lactic acid destroys
the germs of putrefact!on.
Scraps of toilet soap should 'o
saved and when half a cupful or so I'
n hand it is a good plan to make the
scraps into a soap jelly.
Use hot milk instead of cold when
mashing potatoes and they will be
Chicken fat is far better than but
tar to use in making a white sauce
when creaming chicken.
On rainy days, when it becomes nec
sssary to dry clothes within doors,.
us your theoretical knowledge that
heat rises and hang them as high up
Always lower the temperature of
the oven somewhat fifteen or twenty
minutes after a roast has been placed
in it This will Insure that the juies
The skin of poultry is frequently
very dirty when brought from market,
and fowls should be not only washed.
ast scrubbed with a soft Lrush and
warrm water, in which a teaspoonful
)t baking soda has been dissolved.
Such treatment will prevent a dis
greeable "henny" taste often notice
ible in cooked poultry.
To Keep Toast.
Toast that is put in a glass jar with
I the lid screwed on tightly will keep
I resh for houns--Good Uouskeea.si
COMFORT IN TRAVELER'S TEA
One Wise in Lore of Creature Com
fort Never Wanders Far With
out Her Own Tea Caddy.
In traveling both at home and
abroad, there is great comfort in your
own cup of tea. On the steamer, par
ticularly, you miss your own brand
and the well-versed traveler who is
wise in the lore of creature comforts
aever wanders far from home with
out her tea caddy. It adds greatly
to her popularity. "Of, if I only had a
good cup of tea." is the general cry
on shipboard and then this far-sighted
woman produces the cheering leaves,
and she becomes the center of att·r
tion, and has her little coterie every "
afternoon. There are some who pM
Ler it for the morning meal, too, in
stead of the usual mediocre coffee
with condensed milk.
For this poigant need of the trav
eler, a charming little tea box of mar
bogany containing a small silver tea
caddy and a little tea ball, reproducing
a miniature tea kettle, has been put
*pon the market. It is very simple
in arrangement, compact, and easy to
pack and makes a really practical
There are many places on the conti
cent where good tea is a real luxury,
and many an unsophisticated Ameri
can is astonished when she pays her
bill for what she considers a very
simple repast. She finds that her cup
of tea costs more than a very elab
orate dessert, and so it is a great
economy as well as comfort to carry
your own tea with you.
HINTS ON CANNING GREENS
Method Which If Followed Carefully
Will Insure Success
Many things used for greens may be
canned by the following method: Pick
over carefully and wash the leaves
mixture of kinds is desirable; cook in
boiling salted water as for the table
until nearly done; do not have much
water, but cook in closed kettles to
make the steam do the work. Then
pack closely in jars and pour over
them boiling vinegar to fill every air
space. then seal tightly as any other
canning. Pack the greens closely in
the Jar, and when pouring in the boil
ing vinegar, run a knife blade around
the edge in order to open up the
spaces for the vinegar. Wrap each
far in brown paper, or put into paper
bags, and keep as other canned fruits.
Spinach, mustard, chard, beet and oth
er greens are put up in this wsy.
One int dried bread crumbs; roll
fine; aut tablespoon butter into fry
basin, mix crumbs with half cup sugar
and brown in fry basin. Make a pint
or more of apple sauce, sweeten, fla
vor with fresh lemon, put layer of
sauce and layer of bread crumbs into
pudding dish; when the dish is full
put melted butter on the top; bake
balf hour, then let the pudding get
cold and cover with whipped cream.
It is better to make the day before it
is to be served. It is improved by put
ting a little fruit spice into the pud
ding before baking.
Drain the juice from a can of pine
apple (grated). To the fruit add one
half pound marshmallows broken in
small pieces, one-half cupful sugar.
one-half cupful chopped English wal
nuts. Let stand a while, then over
it turn one pint heavy sweet cream
and whip all together until It be
comes a stiff froth or when dropped
from the spoon it will stand alone.
Stand on ice until ready to serve.
One cup of molasses, one cup of
sugar, one cup of thick, sour cream,
one cup of Jelsins, chopped fine; feour
cups flour, two eggs, one easpoomtal
of soda: spice to taste. Drop ou but
Violet ie Cream.
Scald one quart of sweet cream and
one cuFful of sugar in a double boiler
with a small piece of vanilla bean:
cool and then add violet coloring, aLnd
freeze. Mold in a ring, and fll the
center with whipped cream thiekly
sprinkled with candied violets.
Seven pounds of figs. 3 pounds of
sugar, one quart of vinegar. With gs
I boil them in salt and water, as for
vegetables, for half an hour, dratn
them carefully and add to the syrup
Cut up one orange and one banana
for each person to be served. If the
oranges are ve-:y large, one orangne
to two bananas. Serve with the fpl
lowing: Whip one-half pint of cream
and add Juice of one lemon and one
Two cups sugar, one cup molasses,
one cup sour milk, fle cups flour, one
cup- batter, one teaspoon soda, four
ggs, one pound alails, halt pnd
--- --------"' --------------N -
ANY families owe their pros
perity as much to the care- t
fulnes of the housewife' management Fi
as to the activity of the husband. Ua
Rub hinges with a feather dipped
In oil and they will hot equeak.
A slice df lemon or a sprig of pars
ley eaten after onions will destroy the
Pennyroyal will keep off mosquli
Use a clothes pin to handle a screw to
when putting it into hard wood.
To freshen the air in a sick room.
put a few drops of oil of lavender into
hot water. It leaves a most agreeable
Place a piece of glass over the cook m
book when using it It serves two
purposes, holds the book open and
keeps it clean.
To save a child from slipping in the 01
bath tub, lay a turkish towel in the 0'
bottom of the tub. 01
The moment you are prompted to rub'
your eyes, that moment stop using b
When making cream of tomato soup,
add the hot tomatoes to the milk in
stead of milk to the tomatoes, as it is
net so apt to curdle.
When camping, and a rolling pin is p
needed, a large round bottle serves
Do not try to test mushrooms for a h
dark color with a silver spoon, for it b
is not a good test for a poisonous va
Clean the meat chopper by running
dry bread or crackers through it.
Pried apples with fried onions, both
cooked together, are excellent with
To remove stains of iodine from the
hands, use ammonia.
Keep the fingers covered with salt
when cleaning a fowl, as it prevents r
the lingers from slipping.
Ivory is cleaned with lemon and
salt; alterwards wash in soap sud.
To improve tough meat, rub it well
with a cut lemon. This acid softens
When a lost of bread has become e
stale, dip it in water and place in a ,
paper bag in a hot oven.
When picking fowers in the woods. c
provide yourself with a paper bag to I
put them In. Fold over the top to e
keep them from the air, and they will I
be fresh when you arrive at home. a
HS tender morsels p the
And asl the force of cookery is felt.
The greatest importance is to be at*
thched to the preparation of foo4 for
the sick. Oftentimes the diet is of
much more importance than the drug.
Wholesome, dainty food, with
prompt and nieo service, are very es
Do not consult the patient au to his
food; surprises are a great pleasure
to one who is Ill.
Prepare the tray with a spotless
cloth, select the prettiest china and
be careful to arrange the dishes In a
eonveaulnt place for the sick one to
All hot foods should be served on
hot dishes, and cold foods on cold
For feverish patients, cold water
and fruit Juices are most refreshing.
Hot lemonade with hot milk and
eg are god hot drinks and are also
A raw egg can be easily take in
lemonade when tt otherwise might Se
Almnond Soup-Blanch and pound
in a mortar a half pound of almonds.
OGradually add a pint of milk. When
the almonds are a smooth paste and
Sthe milk is anil used, strain by quees
' ag through a cheese oloth. To a pint
of acalded milk add two tablespoon
fuls of sugar and a half teaspoonful of
samit Now add to the almond mixture
and bring to the bolling point. Serve
Chicken Custard.-Take the crambs
from the center of the loaf, half cup
Sful, add to these two tablespoonfuls of
Schopped breast of chicken, a pinch of
salt, celery salt and a cap of milk;
add the yolks of two eggs and bake in
a custard cap set in hot water. Serve
aSyllalb --Tate four eg yetks, a
r tteieoontal of ouer, a tresape al
Sof saveorin, a plt or m1k, threae
MemethsIJc u my m m a slot
of whipped cream. Mix half the s
gar with the flour, bring the milk to
the boiling point, add the sugar and
flour and cook ten minutes. Beat the
egg yolks, add the remaining sugar
and cook all together until smooth.
Fill a tumbler half full of this mixture
and fill It with sweetened whipped
OT Y a ladder trom earth
heaven, not a an altar to aS
creed. But uimple service, simply gtves
to her owe kind in their commo see nd.
SOMETHING TO EAT.
When a novel and unusual flling for
a cake is desired, try this: Bake tbS
cake in two layers and frost them
both separately. Take a cup of raf
ins and simmer gently for an hour "
more with a few teaspoonfuls of leow
on juice. Spread this well drained,
over the frosted layer, then turn the
other layer, frosting side down, over
this, and put together. Cover with
frosting. When cut. the raisins wil
be between the two lyers of frosting.
Chopped nuts are an addition to this
Irish Stew.-Take two or . three
pounds trom the neck, cut into small
pieces, add enough water to cover.
and simmer for an hour, then add pf
tatoes, carrots, onions and turnips cut
in small pieoes, and cook for several
hours at the stmmering point Serv
hot, after seasoning well with salt.
Peach Pio,.--ne a pie plate .it:
crust, then lay in peeled, stoned ant
sliced peaches, sprinkling sugar lbes
ally over them in- proportlon to their
sweetness. Allow three peach kernels
ohopped fine to every pe. Poor in a
very little water sad bake with croon
bars of pastry for a top rust.
Rie Pudding-Rlae in a butterm
pudding dish a layer of cold boiled
rice, see w mream, nutmeg andt
sugar. Cover this with a layer a
quince or apple preserves, then ad
another layer of rice and fruit, aan
over the top place a meringue made
of the whites of two gs beaten stir
and four tablespoonfuls of sugar di
ed. Bake in a stow oven and seve
cold with cream.
Spogse sanaaare-Cover the bottom
of a baking dish with small spo1pe
cakes or lady ngers, Upon this a6
a layer of peeled bannas whole.
Sprinkle with ugar, add bits of bgtr_
and the juice of a lemon, cover wtb
chopped nuts and bake fifteen mints
in a moderate ovea. Serve with a su
tard or cream.
ST m treat tbese sse ew e
as much coesderatioen as m
wo a ood machine giving then peer
er care, food and rest.
"Of a good beging acometh a ad
When sufering from a nsvee
headache, try walking slowly baD
ward for about ten minutes, pacIa
frst the ball of the foot on the aees
eand then the heel.
SA tespoonful of turpentine add(e
L to the boiler of clothe will greatly aid
* in the whiteting prose .
In sudden attacks of illnes, when
a fire muet be blt ad not a d
Sremedy is at hand. take the steve O4
wrap It nt paper and a loth sad wu
r it to aply heat.
SNewspaper sed to rob wina
Swill keep them brigSt; she theyr v
a fine polisher for the kitchen rna
Always have a folded paper end "wa
Sto rub the fst brss, ad a beadla
, newsmpapes makes a good rest faer te
feet when troainlg
g Saterate pailrs and tuabs with ate
eriae and ther will not shtrnk
SOften a tight shoe my be attd
d by applyinat a cloth wrunag t out bO
. Ing water.
t A small filre in a elen gre isb thL
,. best of ventilatort.
t A spoonaful of vinegar pat into we
. ter that fowls are cooked in masm
e them more tender.
An old bedspred makes a goed at
e lence cloth, and the small piees nm
fine for wash eloths.
t When prepalring meat for meangs
g time is saved if the alt and spiem
are mixed and added before grindin.
SLayer akes willn ot stk to the
e pan if after they are greassed a little
four is dusted over them.
cee Ia hetae old ber ujosdin
L 4)-01o i Iltsu