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COMMON VETCH CROP IN ROTATION
Common Weed Seeds In Vetch Seed; a, Corn Cockle; b, Cow Cockle:
c, Cleavers; d, Field Bindweed; e, Ball Mustard; f, English Charlock, or
Wild Mustard; g, Wild Oats; h. Darnel. (Enlarged and Natural Size.)
tBy C. V. PIFR and F. IT. ITII.I.MAN.
United States Department of Agnrl
Common vetch is nearly always
grown in rotation. Continuous crop
ping to vetch for seed production usu
ally results in reduced yields after
two or three years, according to Ore
gon experience. The effects of cut
ting the crop for hay seem to be far
less marked, but. Levertheless, con
tianous cropping to vetch is unneces
mary and undesirable.
In Oregon and Washington common
vetch is usually grown after spring
sown oats. It is advantageously used
also in rotation with potatoes or corn.
In the region about Augusta, Ga.,
the most famous vetch-growing sec
tion in the south, the crop is mostly
grown in rotation with Johnson grass,
this being especially true on valley
lands where the Johnson grass volun
teers. Vetch. commonly mixed with
oats or other small grain, is usually
Planted in October on well-prepared
land and harvested by the middle of
May. After the vetch crop is remov
0e, the Johnson grass, more or less
mixed with other grasses, begins to
grows and commonly yields two hay
cuttings during the season.
Where Johnson grass does not per
manently occupy the land it is not ad
visable to sow it, as it is extremely
difficult to eradicate. In this case va
rious summcr crops can be grown in
the rotation, such as sorghum, cow
peas. sorghum and cowpeas, soy
beans, peanuts, etc.
Common vetch is not vwell adapted
to rotating with cotton unless used
merely as a green manure. The vetch
cannot be harvested soon enough to
permit the early planting of cotton,
even when the seed is sown between
the rows of cotton.
Common vetch is somewhat in
clined to persist when once grown.
especially where the winters are mild.
Uxamplet are known of its reseeding
itself in pastures for five years. In
cultivated fields it volunteers readily,
which is especially objectionable in
the wheat crop owing to the dimcul
ty of separating the vetch seed from
the wheat. There is no danger of vol
unteer vetch unless a seed crop is
grown or at least some of the seed al
lowed to ripen. JI such cases, to
avoid volunteer vetch, the best plan
is to follow with a crop of vetch and
oats for hay, pasturing the stubble.
PROTECTION FOR THE THUMB
Metal Flexible Shield Invented by Na
brauka Man-Can Be Used for
S Roeugh Farm Work.
An objection to the ordinary rubber
a finger-cot or thumbstall, or
w er you choose to call it, has
been its lack of protection from an
soetdental knock. Many a wound thus
shielded from dirt also needs protec
tkon from blows, and it took a Ne
braska man to design a thumstall
which sould answer this latter pur
pose The article shown in the illus
tration is the result and its charse
teristics can be seen at a glance. It
is made of a number of U-shaped links
of metal, so joined that they fit closely
together and keep out the dirt, yet are
entirely flexible, giving the wearer the
use of his thumb to as great an exten:
as his injury will permit. Encased in
this veritable coat of mail. there is
no danger of a wound being opened by
an unexpected jolt. It is also worn
when shelling corn. remov?ng husk or
other rough farm work.
It is said that farmers are. in some
ar " of the country, living along
roads frequented by motorists, plow
lag tfurrows across the highway. A
chicken always rans under a car to
stead of away from it. and the furrows
compel the d:ivers of cars to go slow.
so that no seed is allowd to ripen. A
cultivated crop should be grown the
next season, and then the land can
be planted to wheat without any dan
ger of the vetch volunteering.
The use of low-grade screenings in
adulteration usually introduces vari
ous weed seeds which are few or
wanting in the best vetch seed. Some
of these are generally recognized as
noxious, and seed containing them
should not be sown.
Corn cockle, or cockle, seeds prob
ably are the commonest of the weed
seeds with vetch seed, particularly
seed of hairy vetch. This seed is
recognized by its spiny surface, angu
lar form, and dark-brown or black
Cow cockle seeds, often referred to
as cockle, differ from the preceding
in being spherical and not spiny.
They are black and about the size of
the smallest hairy vetch seeds.
The seeds of cleavers are somewhat
hemispherical, the flattened face hav
ing a depression or cavity at the scar.
The surface is roughened and gray
or light brown. The gray color aids
in distinguishing these seeds from
Field bindweed seeds are angular.
brown or gray, the surface being fine
ly roughened. They are similar in
form to those of the morning-glory.
They are not comhon in vetch seed.
except in low-grade lcts.
Pall mustard seeds are inclosed
singly in small, straw-colored or
brown, net-veined pods. The pods are
somewhat flattened and are about the
size of the smaller hairy vetch seeds.
English charlock,. or wild mustard.
seeds occur in some lots of poorly
cleaned seed of hairy vetch. The char
lock seeds are smaller than those of
hairy vetch, and they are spherical,
black or brown. They should not be
confounded with the previously de
scribed cow cockle seeds, which are
Wild oat seeds are similar to the
seed of the cultivated oat, but can be
distinguished by the cup-shaped scar
at the base. This seed is either brown
or straw colored. Some seeds have
brownish hairs, and a twisted awn
from near the middle is more or less
Darnel seeds are similar to those of
rye-grass, but are larger and heavier.
The slender awn is often broken from
the apex of the seed.
The flavor of the egg is influenced
Save all the leaves and use them in
the scratching shed.
The older the hen the larger will be
her averaged sized eggs.
Double-yolked eggs are the result
of over-fat, or a diseased ovasy.
A good time to call out the ia
fericr birds is when the market is
Fix it so your fresh cow will
not see or hear their calves If youe
The best milk fow cannot be main
tained without variety of feeds for the
There is truth in the argument that
milk should be aerated before it is
Eggs are colored by a pigment,
which, it seems, does not exist in
The dairy ties one to the farm pret
ty close, but it oftentimes unties the
bond of debt.
Where the dropI ng boards are
made of matched limber the job of
cleaning them is easier.
There is one impsrtant thing to re
member when trying for winter eggs:
Make your hens scratch.
The first eggs of winter are gen
erally larger than those laid at the
close of the summer season.
Trying to run a dairy without a
cream separator is like attempting to
steer a ship without a rudder.
A horse will not do well shut up In
a tight box stall-he should have
plenty of air and light at all times.
The best plan for weaning colts is
to keep the mare and colt apart until
they have entirely forgotten each
Unless more butter is made from
a can of cream than it contains
pounds of fat there is something
Only rich men can afford to seep
cows that do not earn their feed. The
poorer a man Ic the better his cows
ought to be.
The dirt and sweat which accutnu
late on the horses during the day
should never be allowed to remain un
A fine, bright, sleek, clean-haired
horse nearly always has nerve, action
and endurance, coupled with a nerv
onus but gentie dlspc~it'.
to learn Barber's trade. Opportun
ity to work out your tuition. Wages
from start. Tools and Diplomas i
given Positions guaranteed. Write 1
Palmer System, Little Reck, Art
We sW 4 reee mo
Cruel, Cruel Answer.
"See. darling'" and Mrs. Justwed
held up for her husband's gaze three
mirrors arranged so as to give as
many reflections. ROI can get a triple
view of myself." "Humph" gurgled
her brute of a man, struggling with
his collar. "You seem to be quite
Seeopular with yourselfand Mrs."-Judge.
1 As a summer tonic there is no medicine
that quite compares wi:h OXIDINE. It not
onhe build up ther husbanv-tem. d'ut taken reg.
ularly. prevents Malaria. Regular or Taste
less formula at Druan, strugglings. Adv.
magistrate's part." said the somewhat
educated tramp, who had been con
victed for vagrancy.
"What did he say?mpar asked the
"Seven days." came the reply.
"That ain't no epigram, is it?"
"I'm sure it is. I asked a parson
once what an epigram was, and he
says. 'It's a short sentence that
eounds light, but gives you plenty to
Marking Arrival of Age.ancy.
"Then I g't to be old I ain't goin
to find it out by countin' up to see,
eor by my whiskers, nor by my gums.
ror ,cne of them signs. They'll all
f(ol you. No. sir: nut one of these
times Ill 'et throe-d down, and I I
one bounwhate back. Then I'll know
says.ll ov a shortn a man tene that
ouay. hes old. Old see? It don t
ak anrk difng rerival how much longer
' hens after that. he don't ever get
or by older. -"whiskersy Fortune."
Important Part. The'll all
They mIet in Fifth avenue.
"I har ounce hack. ben away to a
n-"Take any part in the promucedilngs,
cr just go as a spectator?"
"Oh. I took quite a prominent part.
I was chairwoman of the committee
Why Girls Pcstpone.
Nell-Isn't AHce soon going to
Belle-I don't know. She says she
hates to give up the dollar and a half
shows for the' ten-cent moving plc
Scarce as Hen's Teeth.
Mr. Crlmsonbeak-That bachelor
friend of mine is looking for a partner
for his Joys and sorrows.
Mrs. Crimsonbeak-Well, it seems
to me he's a long time about It
"Yes; you see he's looking for ýsl
l " Too Cold for Baths.
Dr. Xene Y. Smith, a medical in
spector in the Muncie (Ind.) public
schools, tells this story of his experi
ences in examining pupils.
"When were you bathed?" alsked Dr.
Smith of a boy of seven or eight years
"Bathed?" queried the child. "Why,
don't you know this is winter"
"Was your son one of the popular
boys at college?"
"Yes, tideed. He was elected cheer
jleader three times."
"And what is he going to do now?"
"He is considering a fine offer to
call carriages for a leading catering
"Pa. who do people have banquets?"
"For the purpose of giving men who
do not get a chance to talk at home
a chance to talk away from home."
"Come, my dear, let's travel into
"Well, mamma, can we travel on
TO DRIVE OUT qMALARIA
AD D HI ILD UP THE SYSTEM
Take the. Old trandarl GROV K' TA5rTKLI
CULLZ. 'IrNC. YouaL'kw wtb yeou ai t5akis
f&r 'ormutla i pWainl p'tnted on everry bttle.
h.hwin4 it issimply (ttnti a. and In Ia ar aelein
hrma. and bthe mot e.'ieal form. 'or grow
p.uple sad chl'drn. M cenia. Ady.
Of course, love is blind, but it might
be just as well to remember that the
eyesight of the neighbors is good.
If vowur appetite is not what it should be
perhaps Malaria is developing. It affecte
the whole system. OXIDINE will clear
away the germ., rid you of Malaria and
Igenerally improve your condition. Adv.
A scientist has discovered that the
onion la a cure for love.
D lurks In w Weak Heart
MERIT HAS MADE
Bond's Liver Pills a household word
by the people of the great South.
We have spared neither time nor C
money In perfecting BOND'S PILLS
to meet the needs of those who suRer I
from Headaches, Biliousness. Consti- a
pation. Malaria and consequent ills.
MERIT was our chief object. Not how
cheap, but "how good" we could make
The phenomenal sale of BOND'S
LIVER PILLS is due solely to their
MERIT-not to loud and misleading
claims of CURING EVERYTHING.
All druggists, 25c.-Adv.
HAD BEEN CHARGED.
Guest-Has this soda been charged?
Walter-Yes, sir; at the bar and at
the cashier's desk, too, sir.
HEAD A MASS OF PIMPLES
Hyattsvrille, Md.-"My little boy was
taken with an itching on the scalp.
There was an ashy place on his head
about the size of a ten-cent piece, and
the hair was falling from this place
by the roots. In about ten days all
over his head were these ashy spots
which looked like ringworm, but were
porous-like. The itching and burning
made him scratch a great deal. His
head had gotten so that it was just a
mass of mattery little pimples all
heaped on each other, and when I took
off his night-cap. the hair and flesh
hcame off at the same time. I really
thought he would lose his whole scalp.
lie couldn't sleep for five weeks, it
would itch and burn until I thought
he would go into convulsions.
"I used different soaps and salves
to no satisfaction. Then I decided to
use the Cuticura Soap and Ointment.
Finally I noticed he began to sleep all
night. I used one cake of Cuticura
Soap and one box of Cuticara Oint
ment and he was entirely cured. He
has a better growth of hair now than I
he had at grst." (Signed) Mrs. Ida
S. Johnson, Mar. 26, 1912.
Cuticura Soap and Ointment sold
throughout the world. Sample of each
free, with 32-p. Skin Book. Address
post-card "Cuticara, Dept. L, Bostos."
Being a Diplomat.
"I am much bothered." he said. "I
can marry a wealthy widow whom I
don't love, or a poor girl that I do
love intensely. What shall I do?"
"Listen to your heart," advised his
companion, "and marry the one you
"You are right, my friend. I shall
marry the girl."
"Then can you give me the widow's
Regular practicing phbrues rs eemmerd
and prescribe OXID IE for Malaria. be
emase it is a proven rmedr by ears of es
periee. Keep a bottle ia the mmticine
ehest and administer at fir sign of Chills
and Fever. Adv.
"That fellow yonder has a very va
"Yet 1 know he's full."
"Did they kiss and make upo"
"Yes, and after they kissed, Bela
had to make up sagin."
Nr tir nOB lam.
have to grli bt& sa-mesl. a-s
"Where have you put your essays
on the dove of peace?"
"In the pigeon hole."
Water in bluing i. adulteration. Olass and
water makes liquid blue co.ly. Buy Red
Cros Ball Blue. makes elothes whiter than
Amerlean-made shoes compete In
parts of Russia with "American"
shoes made in Germany.
To prevent Malaria is far better then
to cure it. In malarial countries take a
don e of OXIDINE regularly one each week
and rove yourself from ('hills and Fever
and other malarial troubles. Adv.
SIt's easier to persuade a man to
stand alone than it is to induce him
to stand a lan.
It takes a romantic woman to sa
range for the marriage of her children
before they are born.
Doe't buy water for Ulsing. Liquid blue
I is Almost all water. Boy Red Cross Bmell
Bibe, the blue that's all biss. Adv.
Method will teach you to wAin timne.
A lawsuit was recently is fill swt
and daring Its p' gress a Vttaeas was
croseeazoined as to the haits and
character of the defendant
"Has Mr. M--- a repatation for,
being abkormally lazy?" asked ceun
"Well, sir, It's this way--"
"Will you kindly answer the ques
tion askedr" struck in the irascible
"Well, sir, I was going to say it's
this way. I don't want to do the gen
tleman in question any injustice.
And I won't go so far as to say, sir,
that he's lazy exactly; but, if it re
quired any voluntary work on his
part to digest his food-why, he'd
die from lack of nutrition, sir."
"I know a cabman who writes poe
"Then he must be a hack writer."
As a summer tonic there is no medicine
that eqite compares with OXIl)INE. It not
only builds up the svstem. but taken e
ularly. prevents Malaria. Regulalar or Taste
less formula at Drugists. Adv.
"it is money makes the mare go."
"If she turns out a loser, it is the
mare that makes the money go."
Dr. Pierre's Pleasant Pellets cure costi
pation. Conbtipation is the oasa of nany
diseases. Cure the cause and you eaur the
disease. Easy to take. Adv.
State Aviation School.
Guatemala has opened an aviation
rrs. Winslow's Soothing syrup for CIedrea
teething, softens the gumas. rednues tinfammsa
Uto,a aays pJa.eaeas wLmeoi ce. a botle
A dog may worry a cat, bt a mran,
being nobler than a dog, worries some
A great majority of summer ills are
due to Malaria in suppresd form. Las
situde and headaches are but two svmp.
toms. OXIDINE eradicates the Malaria
ierm and tones up the entire system. Adv.
Mind unemployed is mind unenjoy
ITCH Reieed ia 30 Mhaes.
Woolford's anitrary Ltotion fur all kds of
eontagusa latch. At Druggists. Adv.
But a tip doesn't always come to the
man who waits.
The kI Yu, hk Rst.
ALCONOL-3 P;ER CENT UR~
i +KSra L~eaýConhahBeIwr I
O piurM.MOVlrkoy' nor) imanl
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sasml tend-Ls T
formulas ma ýiI
WW*the new. At
subject od be h wiw.oumldb
that will furmdiha balanced radon to the coup and heep up the *edlk
of the soiL To do this the hardhawse gaWaM SW& at it On mmi
as ?haspodc Acid. Our uss boot&he emimagi d
in farimm' meetimp sad plenty of shoeb es mcrd the aW thiap
that you bear. Let as semd one to prot bulimo" 11 yuhkts MauW.
Aw ad.essi fm~sd by q.ut>. i.wwy rri~
Gamm Kin W..be~ia,kv.a4-l+ý4aýsOý ._ mrýtsrwabwA r.R
Cma quIaIy be aere6 by
CaR 'S LnTMl
purely mC R iI
Biaoaa n, PLnd
nt and adigmotit. Theidothdrdutyº.
SII LA SNAU ML ©O6 SHALL PIU(S
Gemuhe me t bear Signature
FME TO AL UFFEERS
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