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ITH the uild persis
tence charasteristic of
their race, the natives
of Samoa have declined
to permit the white
man to abolish the
habits and customs
that developed in their
beautiful islands dur
ing the long centuries
before the conquering
Sstranger came. They
have dropped their primitive religion
and become Christians-on the surface,
at least. The "mission girls" allow
themselves to be. clad from neck to heel
In white "Mother Hubbards" and in
Apia all the women wear some scanty
covering for the upper part of the body,
though none of them will put on shoes
and stockings except while attending
hmreoh. But in most other respects
these lovable brown people live as they
always have lived.
This is notably true concerning the
ceremonies, those of daily observance
as well as those which mark some great
-ccasion. It was my good fortune to' be
It Samoa at a time when it was possible
to witness various ceremonials not often
swe. Malletoa was recently dead, Ma
tafa was elected king by a majority of
the people and Tanu had been chosen
by the minority and, what was more
important, by the Protestant mission
aries. From all parts of the little archt- *i
polasgo the adherents of Mataafa had
assembled on Mulinuu Point, just outside Apia,
and there took place almost daily some decid
edly picturesque doings.
Blggest and best of these, naturally, was the
coronation of the white-haired old chief, though
the word is a misnomer for there was no crown.
Mataafa sat alone in the center of a large open
space, and all around, in the shelter of palms
and banana trees, were thousands of natives and
the entire white population of Upola island. The
king's own house was turned over to the con
sals, naval officers and other distinguished per
sons. When all was ready five ancient "talking
, represesting the chief districts, advanced
BTYl ihuf a hundred feet of Mataafa and de
livered leong addresses to. him upon his duties
as ruler, concluding with the administering of
what passed for the oath of office. The king
replied with utmost dignity, rising to speak, and
the talking men thereupon closed in on him and
anointed his head with a sacred oil. His
majesty then retired amid the loud cheers of
his people, and the rest of the afternoon and
the evening was given up to feasting. The inno
aent revelries were not lessened by the fact that
bloody war was imminent. On the other side
of the town were encamped the forces of Tanu,
and to precipitste the conflict there was needed
only the decisdit of the white judge of the su
preme court that Mataafa's election was invalid.
That came later, and so did the fighting.
Next day we all went out again to see a "tal
]s," or food procession. Once more Mataafa sat
It state, and before him filed his subjects, a long
line of men, women and children. Leading the
delegation from each district or village was i1
especial taupo, the maiden who is designated
lfcial hostess of her village and who retains
the office until her marriage. She was attired
only in the old-time lava lava, or skirt of bark
cloth, and her ornaments consisted of flowers.
wreaths and plenty of palm oil. Chanting some
ancient song in archaic language, she danced in
advance of the slowly moving and chanting pro
aession for some fifty yards and then waited un
til the talking men who led it reached her side.
This was repeated all along the beautiful path
way until the '"throne" was reached. As each
person passed the king he or she tossed in a
heap before his majesty some article of food
One might bring a live pig. trussed up but
squeoling; another a squawking fowl, or a fine
abh wrapped in fresh leaves; another a huge
hunch of bananas, or a basket of pineapples
But not one was without his offering, even if it
was but a breadfruit or a piece of taro. So.
dancing and singing, the parade passed, and
then, without any sense of the ridiculous, broke
up, turned back and helped the king eat up all
the gifts. That was indeed a monster feast
Perhaps the people ate up Mataafa's food with
the less compunction because they knew how
abstemious be was. One morning I called on
his majesty by appointment and found him at his
breskftst The royal meal consisted of a bowl
of hara and two bananas,. big purple ones of a
variety not kLPown here; and the king courteoum
ly offered to share the trait with me Grave.
-is-looking and big physically, mentally and
morsally, Matasa sat there cross-legged in his
plsele hut and chatted with me about his loved
ismd Robert LouIs 8tevenson. munching his
t-eas and driving away the liea with his fly
daper. He was a true nobleman and his death
- emmnmr Oserved mre than the iacmne
, me notice it received I
in the newspapers.
Perhaps the German papers paid some tribute to
his memory, for the Germans in Samoa. though
they could not maintain him on the throne a
against the Americans and the British, recog- E
nized his worth by making him high chief of a
German Samoa after the partition of the islands. a
The making and drinking of kava is a daily
ceremony of the Samoan household. Kava is`
their ordinary beverage, but there is never any
relaxation of the formal etiquette connected with
its consumption. It is made and served usually
quite early in the morning Already the memai
bers of the family have taken their daily bath t
in the sea or, preferably, in a stream or fresh I
water pool, and the women t've dressed their
abundant black locks. The aig wooden kava
bowl is taken down from the hut post and the
maidens prepare the dried root of the piper
methysticum. Formerly they chewed it after
carefully rinsing out their mouths, but in later
times it usually is grated. One of the girls sits r
in front of the bowl and pours water upon the
kava. meanwhile stirring it with a mass of -
fibrous root which serves as a strainer. This
from time to time she tosses over her shoulder
to another girl. who shakes from it the debris
and throws it back into the bowl. Every mo- i
tion, the stirring, the tossing, the shaking. is t
done in a stated way that must not vary. c
Finally the drink is brewed and the fact is an
nounced by the clapping of hands. This is a
general invitation to everyone within hearing to
enter and participate, and the sound is a wel
come one to the thirsty wayfarer Neighbor and
stranger are alike welcome. When all are seated t
in a circle as large as the house permits, the s
maiden who made the kava proceeds to serve t
it. Filling to the brim the polished, thin shell of I
a half a cocoanut, she sends it by another girl
to the member of the household or the guest t
who is hlghest in rank. He receives the shell in a
both handd( and with the salutation "manula"
good health and fortune-empties it at a single a
draught To remove the cup from the lips be- '
fore it is empty is a serious breach of etiquette. '
The newcomer in the islands finds this some
what, of a task. for at first kava is not a delect- t.
able beverage, tasting much like soapsuds. Rut o
the liking for the drink grows rapidly and one d
soon admits that it is both refreshing and de
Having emptied his cup of kava, the drinker
returns the shell to the maiden by spinning it b
across the floor, never by the hand of the girl I
who brought it to him. My first attempt to do
this sent the cup so far wide of the mark that
it altogether upset the gravity of the occasion
and covered me with confusion.
Not only in the morning does the kava drink- p
ing take place. It marks all important events
or conferences, and once it was my privilege to t,
be present when every single point of old-time
etiquette was rigidly observed, even to the chew
ing of the kava root by the maidens. I had car
ried to Mulinun an important bit of information d
for the Mataafa leader--a tip that the British
were to land a party of marines to search the r
point for weapone--ad while the guns were n
belng hastily concealed in the bush or carried
aboard enanoes the leaders were assembled to
diseeusa the news. As they talked three really
handeom tanrv maidenas prepared the kava to
the good old-ashioaed way, and so nicely was It a
dm-- that I had o derelm to dectine the aeap evesn
if common courtesy had not demanded that I ano
cept it without hesitation.
Perhaps in writing of ceremonies the marinage
ceremony should not be omitted. But that rite,
as we know it, really is omitted by the Samoans,
except those who have been educated by the
missionaries. The latter always demand a "mis
sion marriage," but other natives still e atis'
fled with the ancient forms, which consist in the
main of an exchange of presents and a feast.
Divorce with them is even easier, for the dis
satisfied one merely leaves his or her mate. But
while the marriage is in force the Samoan sets
an example to more civilised peoples in the mat
ter of conjugal faithfulness. Lack of dress does
not necessarily mean laxity of morals, the opin
ion of thE casual tourist to tae contrary not
HOW ANIMALS LIVE IN WINTER.
Winter is coming, and the wild creatures in the
north are preparing for the cold months. Some,
like the squirrel, store up food, but many more
go to bes to sleep through the cold days when
food is scarce. This winter sleep is called
Each animal chooses some comfortable plae
for Its long rest. The woodchuck rolls up in a
burrow in the hillside; the coon and bear and
caves among the rocks. Many of the warm
blooded animals do not sleep all winter, but take
long naps from which they awaken on warm
The cold-blooded creatures hibernate, too.
Snakes knot themselves up under a log or reltk;
toads, wood frogs and tortoises push down In the
soft earth; mud turtles and water frogs bury
themselves in the bottom of shallow streams and
They all sleep until hunger wakes them, and
the first thing they do in the spring is to hunt for
a good meal.
If you want to see something hibernate it is
easy to keep a box tortoise or a water turtle all
winter, in a box of earth and moss with a pan of
water at one side.
Before they go to sleep doe't forget to feed
them every two or three days bits of raw meat
or earthworms. They do not care to eat every
day and are able to go a long time without food.
A box tortoise which a boy has had in the
house for two years went to sleep the first winter
just as though he were out in the cold, but the
second winter he only took short naps and hd
become so tame he would eat out of the head
Mabel R. Goodlander in the Churchman.
A Slight Mistake.
"What are you doing here? I should not think
such an out-and-out horseman as you would iSad
pleasure in a musical farce."
"I don't care anything about the faree. I easo
to see the ponies they said were in the piece,"
"You woul4n't tell a trustig dtrl thinags ye
didn't mean, would yout"
"No, indeed." he answered. "Say, you woljdm't
ring in a dictagraph on a fellow, woul yes
now "-lanousvnlle CourlerJoural.
OWhy doe a ship have to have am amehr"
"To hiep her Fst whel she is at* alt w
wrhe sie wans to atd-"
"But deseat she alwaysn h her hgg4"
OISELESS HOUSE IS SOUGHT
Amerime Expected to Lead the Wael
In This a Ino May Ohory
Antcreak shutters, rubbereoled
shoes, soft rls, cultivated modaul
tio, supression of a eautsional e
ltement and retrant upon children in
the leash of a perpetual "hush" are
some of the features of the noiseless
hme that i recommended by the
new organisation for the suppression
of the sources of American noise. It
Is recommended by this societ that
builders use the noiseless method of
construction of houses so that mu
ied ammers shall nstall muffles for
e tures in all edifices. A soft,
chrl silence to every home is
recommended for the relief of the
nerve-wear and tespin that the mod
ern hrly-burty conduct of bomes is
sal4 to have upon those growing up
In them. In addition to all other e
vices for the noiseless home has been
recommended the antlsnore appi
saces, in the form a halter to strap
around the 'noring organs of those
thus atfflicted, so that they will be pre
vented from their somnolent pastime.
The noiseless home, says the Balti
more American, is said to be the com
ing necessity, snd upon this is con
ungent the suppression of unneces
sary noises on the streets. The time
is coming--of course, it must come
when all the activities of life will be
conducted as noiselessly as the use
of a battery of noiseless rifles i wan
AWAY WITH CLASS HATRED
Distinction of Condition Should Ie
Pergotte if the ideal Ever Is to
Perhaps there Is- no feeling more
subtle, more elusive, and more ati
icult to eradicate from human nature
than the sense of "superiority.'
In a hundred different ways it mani
fests itself, and no class of society
seems free from it.
The professional man's wife "cen
descends" to the grocer's wife, the
elerk's wife patronises the mechanic's
wife, the "charlady" looks down ea
the "stepelady," and so it goes em,
Is it any matter for wonder, ther,
that those who clothe themselves in
purple and fine linen, who fire sump
tuously every day, who are surround
ad by all the culturi, pl the beausty,
and all the luxury which modern cl
isation can provide find it hard to
believe that a common humanity b t
them to people who dwell in hes,
whose hinds are begrimed and ket
ted with barren years of sohess la
bor, whose backs are bent beneath the
terrific burden imposed upon them
from their cradles, and who dweb
continously to the company of the
grim specters of disease sad pver tI
The gulf ertaialy seems almost Im
pail but It must be bridged be.
direction of the abolition ao olus wa r
and elass hamred--ChOiago Tsatbe
Somnething New to Ne.
Childish earcasm seldom is so In
tinded. Usually it is the result o
the been, deer jedgment sprlbiegl
from Instinctive and stantaeous
realisation of the truth. But some
times It has a atthng riag.
Mr. and Mrs. Stebbs, for tastanes,
are devoted home alsssaeres Their
children are wal use to being told
that highly eArable articles of teed
and clothing are not fr them but "or
the Lord," .or some *ecelesastlcl i
equivalent. This fact ocsloned little
Jessie's receat sharp speeahb.
"Oh, mother, those cookies smeall
good!" she cried, entering thiteh I
en is which her mother wasud.
"Are ther for the TYaun Peoples
elety or he tSday sadhool plsa
"Neither, dear" was te nrwelr
"they are for ean."
Jsie, wheo had iforgotten all about
her immiaet brthday, was surpritde
"Oh, mother," she excaimed aga
her eye dannla, "are we really sgo
to have some ourselives
Love the teal, Not an Idel.
It is a eay to love an Ideal, ad
love it ardently. It ha as oirarosve
tnlarnation. It doe no tro et ar ve
as; It doesn't ip ts tea or cofee wth
a diagreeable noise; It never puts
Its knife into Its mouth; is boots
never creak when you have a bead
ahe; It never worries yoa with ques I
tices when yoa wish to be slent, ad
it ever leaves ya when solitnude is
Irksome. It Is beautfrl, insecessiblo, 1
adorable forever; and we may loe it
till the hart rows sterile ar earth,
waitinlt to bloom i heave.
Yet in my poor humble yet I
thinking there seema to be mo I
merit in lovia these poor houman ae -
atures whom we see about as ery
rday than loving the distant, ba
essible ideal that en ther be bet
The Hdur have a theory that after
death ilmals live ·agta i a dIfuret
farm; thos, thet have dose well i a
higher. thoe hat hav dose ll is a
lower grade f realse this iey d
a poweitul inetive to a vi0 tae
tsrele or et, lt is castet true a
oar present eesaeme It we G emr
best flr a day, the naet merahg we
ehali nld to a higher U; while if
we sive way to ear pageas ead temap
a , Gewww bwem a r a
PARCES PWT RATE FPDER ca.
S BEAT THIS'
Vadeweede, NGL Sold over 3,500 De ks, a
othr. Ak ea o. *uud ac
Turn about mi fair play-exept
Red Crw M Blue v double ale
Syur mo twice s a far e sept
wr he er mose, riee tc alariay
otber. Ask your grceer. Adv.
"There are many breakers In. the
sea of domestic life." e
"Yes, patlcularly In the kitcheL"
If your sp etites e t what it should be
perhaps Makria is devrennL It afects
thNe whole systle oX will lesar
away the Re, rid you of Mala ria saad
tsmera. ime. yor odition. Adv.
Sheets First. 9
"That guide shoots nearly every
hunter heo takes out."
"No, he always claim he does It
"No corn today?" growled the star
"Out of seaso," said the landlady.
r"t out e of aer. " a some
"toept the prune."
"Wae there ever an n toraer ta
"What do you mese by suGeeh ams
tion as thati sr?"
"I n adAe Ia thia yo baby, I b
Rened to be a squealer."
btrae Tel Thouesad Nhht Lt
M.e, Mit he Mu of NOaW TOet hlt
the tire _bms 10, In st, dr a
was rt toebed. BesNe ths e e els
A"-dopterid " ae
The tase m mt whih has
been adopted In this csuntq. te be
mks, oIr oae> at fa etame (3t.
sgrt we), sad If now In see I oame.
.:Dpt the u Itta . ' u ,Gt aml.
"eo'pt they Gatiful!"
"Robert Bosdruea gave thie to
r -- o re."d l
"aflIbd t so re tw they a- .
"Yes t' nenw whamt yea r, g
o eataeks w eansd s't Imt abe thwa
he Is brn a mat ses ?" l
Ta Cooee). •
I bhad to atmet thelf te ot ep t
Abrndth en andest mte uto
rpe my fr, ood e aer t I ate .
wletat e a rend esultym taor td
targeet sep, Id tashe ti p te at lmh.
nemousneA t ert wOe A rN et to
ror eem ratles as a surpom
Te seeareut of leadeedutab
a=d drishngtotem was stagiy ms
cotuntains ma .ad ame drug aLepa
Inmal cobs) a. eth ws n
Teondy" pamu beams son rbaudst.
read tho rmseos m tle okr ,s at
oed to walvfDr la ,tha e hed -to
Potem nowd emes ae Ie atre td
Aothr e ettepaeat xampnt reste.
It is peard iby M ntrrie a e t
dsonred isns earp t brt a , alitse
Ine tahe brlr a , ota ore d
tur a toIsIbd t astd ne athest
Rne id he a esp tle asies.
I in po rpad bly strrn a rtw a.
tmher uastse sad the Saver in *
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