VOL. XXV III COLUMBIA, LA., FRIDAY, JANUAIRY 23, 1914 NO. 5
TO SATE COTTON
THIS IS OBJECT OF BILL INTRO
DUCED IN HOUSE BY CON
WOULD DETERMINE GRADES
Appropriation Asked to Provide for
Investigation and Spreading of
Information Among Farmers.
West-rn Newspaper IIton News Scrvice.
Washington.-The saving of mil
lions of dollars now lost annually by
cotton farmers and small manufactur
ers is the object of a bill which Rep
resentative Lever of South Carolina,
chairman of the house committee on
agriculture, has introduced. The
measure would appropriate $50,000 to
be used by the secretary of agricul
ture in determining relative spinning
values of the different grades of cot
ton as already standardized by law,
and for demonstrating the results of
this word to producers and consumers
The department of agriculture al
ready has standardized the nine grades
of cotton and is concluding its first
investigation for testing the waste,
tensile strength and bleaching qualf
ties of these grades.
The house committee on agriculture
has been advised that Texas alone is
losing $40,000,000 because neither buy
ers nor sellers have any appreciation
of the value of this year's off-color
cotton in that state. Buyers from the
gulf ports were said to be going into
the interior and buying up low grade
cotton at abort 7 cents a pound, ship
ping it to Galveston and then revamp
ing it and selling it for 14 cents a
ti a-rs, IfMr. `iever
said exists to an extent In every cit
"The cotton farmer in the sale of
his cotton is absolutely at the mercy
of the local buyer in the matter of
grades in 99 cases out of 100," said
iMr. Lever. -"Except for the determin
ing factors of dirt, trash and stains
the farmer has no way of knowing
what grade of cotton he is about to
sell, and is forced to sell at the grade
determined by the buyer, and many
of the buyers are almost as lacking
In information as the farmer himself.
Some action must be taken to secure
the sale of the South's cotton crop
for its intrinsic value."
STEAMER LOST, 98 PERISH
No Doubt Remains as to Fate of Ger
Wsrtern Newspaper ut.on News Ser-ice.
Hamburg, Germany.-No doubt re
mains that the German steamer Acilla
is lost with its crew of 48 and 50 pas
A telegram from Punta Arenas,
Chile, received here says the bodies
of two of her officers were picked up
among a mass of wreckage in Moat
Chanel, north of Picton Island, Tierra
Del Fuego. Indians in the vicinity de
clare that a big steamer sank there
some time ago.
The Acilia was a vessel of 3,600 tons
net, built In 1900 and chartered by the
Kosmos line. She left Corral, Chile,
on October Z7, for Hamburg.
A telegram from Valparaiso reported
finding two of the Acilla's boats in
Aguirre bay, Tierre Del Fuego, con
taining the bodies of her second mate
and two seamen.
Suffragettes Threaten King.
London.-"The king has got to see
us, or we shall know the reason why,"
Mrs. Darce-Fox told the militant suf
fragette leaders in London. It was at
a meeting called to reopen the cam
paign for equal suffrage after the re
cent lull, and the women showed plen
ty of fighting spirit. "The suffragettes
had not anticipated that his majesty
would refuse to see a deputation of
women on January 27," declared Mrs.
Darce-Fox. "The next deputation will
go to Buckfugham palace prepared for
Militia May Not Get Pay.
Washington. - Secretary Garrison
has issued a statement which militia
officers consider makes it plain that
the war department Is not committed
to the principle of paying the militia.
The secretary reiterates his state
ment made to the militia officers who
were here throughout last week that
if details of a bill could be agreed
upon he would take the question up
with President Wilson, but he empha
sized the fact that he has reached no
WILL MAKE CONGRESSMEN
TAKE STAND ON SUFFRAGE
MRS. MEDILL M'CORMICK.
Chicago.-Members of the Congres
sional Committee of the National
American Woman Suffrage Association
will begin a canvass at Washington
to determine the view of each member
of Congress on the proposed Federal
amendment for votes for women. This
was made known by Mrs. Medill Mc
Cormick, chairman of the Congres
sional Committee, who came to Wash
ington to assist in beginning the work,
which will be under the supervision
of Mrs. Sherman If. Booth of Chicago,
a member of the committee.
JAPAN IS SHAKEN;I
EARTHQUAKES AND VOLCANIC
ERUPTIONS SPREAD RUIN
OVER BIG AREA.
Western Newspaper Union News Service.
Tokio.-Japan is facing further dis
aster. Hard upon reports that ten
million people are n need of food
in northern Hondu and Hokkoido and
that many are dying from si.arvation.
comes the news that earthquakes and
volcanic eruptions are spreading death
and ruin in the South.
The islands of Kishiu ani Shikoha,
to the South, were the victms of sies
mic disturbances. Craters suddenly
lischarged great volumes of flaming
rocks and ashes, spreading terror over
the Southern empire. Ashes are fall
ing as far north as Osaka.
Pirst reports were that untold thous
ands of persons had perished but
later news has led officials to be.
lieve that these reports were greatly
exaggerated. There is no way in
which the loss of life can be deter
mined as yet.
Official reports of the disaster
brought outthe following general fea
The small Island of Sakuri is cover
ed with a layer of lava and ashes in
places several feet deep. Beneath this
lie many corpses, whose number will
probably never be known.
Any estimate of the dead must in
clude a large number of refugees who
were drowned while trying to swim
from Sakura to the City of Kagoshima.
Kagoshima, last week a prosperous
town of 60,000, is in ruins. Even stone
buildings collapsed under the weight
of the hot ashes.
An official dispatch from Mlyakono
jo says that another volcano, located at
Kirshima, to the northeast of Kagoshi
ma, broke out Into eruption on January
12, throwing the vicinity into complete
darkness. No great damake was done.
All Americans who were in the vi.
cinity are safe. Information to this
effect has been received here from
Carl F. Deichman. the American con
sul at Nagasaki, who telegraphed as
"A private telegram states that
Americans in Kagoshima fled to Sen
dal, near Kagoshima. All safe."
Several American missionaries were
stationed at Kagoshima.
Williams Confirmed by Senate.
Washington.- The nomination of
John Skelton Williams, now assistant
secretary of the treasury, to be con
troller of the currency and as such
ex-offici member of the federal re
serve board, was confirmed by the
Senate in executive session. The only
opposition to the confirmation of Mir.
Williams was voiced by Senators Bris
tow of Kansas and Wm. Alden Smith
of Michigan. Senator Bristow alone
voted against Williams.
SEVEN MEN KILLED
THREE ARMED PRISONERS MAKE
BREAK FOR LIBERTY FROM
SLAY ALL WHO OPPOSE THEM
Protect Themselves by Placing Girl
Before Them-Are Finally Shot
Western Newspaper Union News Service.
McAlester, Okla.-Seven men were
shot to death and three persons were
wounded when three convicts attempt
ed to escape from the state peniten
tiary and were slain by guards. One
of the men murdered by the convicts
in their mad dash for liberty was John
R. Thomas of :luskogee, formerly
United States district judge and once
congressman from Illinois.
Despite the commotion caused by
the three men in trying to shoot down
every one who came in their way, no
general attempt was made by other
convicts to join in the delivery.
The three mutineers were encourag
ed by their less desperate fellows, who
cheered the onslaught of the armed
prisoners. So rapidly did the three
convicts shoot down those in their
path that they reached the prison gate
before the guards could return, their
Use Girl as Shield.
The desperadoes had taken the keys
from the turnkey, John Martin, whom
they had wounded and had sheltered
themselves through the prison yard by
holding Mary Foster, a telephone ape*'
ator, in front of them until the- only
shot tired by guards in the yard hit
the girl In the log. Oydd,
tats men' u$g tfz horaeý
of Warden Dick and dashed away,
only to be shot to death by pursuing
guards. One of the convicts fought to
the last, their stolen horse lashed to
a gallop by the other two. They fired
their last cartridge at the oncoming
guards, who poured in a deadly fire
How the men obtained the weapons
and planned the escape has not been
discovered, but a rigid inquiry will be
The Dead and Wounded.
John R. Thomas, Muskogee, former
ly United States district judge.
H. H. Drover, superintendent Ber
Patrick Oates, assistant deputy war
F. C. Godfrey, guard.
China Reed, under sentence for two
years for larceny.
Tom Lane, Paul's Valley, under five
year sentence for forgery.
Charles Koontz, Comanche cdunty,
serving 40-year sentence for man.
John Martin, turnkey, shot through
C. L. Wood, guard, shot through arm.
Mary Foster, telephone operator,
shot through leg.
WOULD LOAN ON FARM LAND
Government Would Aid Farmers Un
der Bills Just Introduced.
Western Newspaper Union News Service.
Washington, D. C.-Senator Norris
has introduced a bill for a bureau in
the Department of Agriculture to lend
money on farm lanld at four per cent
for a period of five years, to be repaid
at the rate of one-fifth each year.
Money would be loaned for the pur
chase of land, to pay debts or for
farm buildings. The bureau would
get its funds by issuing three and one
half per cent United States bonds.
A farm credit bill was also intro
duced in the house by Representative
Bathrick of Ohio. Under this meas
ure a new bureau in the Treasury De
partment would lend 60 per cent of
the value of farms on mortgages at
four per cent. The money would be
obtained by issuing three per cent
Honor Convicts Do Good Work.
Dixon, I11.-Honor convicts from the
.Joilet penitentiary, who without guards
have been making roads for nearly
five months, have broken camp and
returned to their orison cells. Fifteen
of the original thirty-five men who
were sent to 'Camp Hope" on their
honor not to escape have been pardon
ed or paroled. Only one man broke
his promise and he was returned to
prison. The work accomplished has
been highly satisfactory, according to
the county commIssioners.
MAKE FAVORABLE REPORT ON
OUTULINE LOUISIANA ROUTE
Cost of Seven-Foot Channel From New
Orleans to Sabine River $4,712,000,
Westera Cewspaper Unlon News Service.
Washington.-The board of army
engineers has submitted a favorable
report to Congress upon the proposed
intercoastal canal from Choctawhat
chee BAy, Fla., to the Rio Grande in
TexasvWhich will be constructed prin
cipally in.Louisiana, Texas, Alabama
and F rida. (Congress will be called
upon t4Appropriate from $6,632,000 to
$23,78 for a canal either five
feet ii depth and forty feet wide or
nire in depth and one hundred
The; at interesting part of the
reporIt oIpulsianians is the section
dv0 ` the proposed waterway
from Orleans to the Sabine river.
The eers have divided this por
tion o1 proposed canal into three
parts, rposes of recommendation,
The part extends from the Mis
sissip1 ver to Bayou Teche. For a
chanmo ve tet deep and forty feet
wide ,,00 is asked; seven feet
deep. seventy-five feet wide, $1,
155 for a channel nine feet
deep one hundced feet wide $2,
'242, eeded. The engineers ree
omm vein-foot channel, and say
th> a canal ;lute might be
tati he 'en '
nee'd r mend the Hanson Canal
route In thi 4ection, with the Center
ville route an alternative.
The third part extends from the
Mermentau the Sabine river. The
engineers re ommend the route lying
north of seine and Sweet Lakes.
The total cost of the project from
New Orleans to the Sabine on the
seven-foot basis, as recommended,
will be $4,712,000, out of a grand total
of $15,728,000 for the whole project.
WALTERS READY FOR TRIAL
Accused Kidnapper Is Turned Over to
Western Newspaper Union News Service.
Columbia, Miss.-W. C. Walters, al
leged kidnaper of Robert Dunbar, is
ready to face trial in Louisiana and
will not take an appeal from the de
cision given by ,the Mississippi Su
preme Court, turning him over to the
Attorney H. C. Rawls, representing
Walters, said that should an appeal be
taken to th' United States Supreme
Court it would result in a delay of one
or two years, and that by that time,
should the court decide adversely to
Walters, Bruce Anderson, being so
young would probably have forgotten
the witnesses for Walters. It is claim
ed by Walters that the boy now in
the custody of Mr. and Mrs. C. P.
Dunbar at Opelousas, and whom they
claim as their son, Is Bruce Anderson,
a lad turned over to him by a woman
in North Carolina.
Attorney Rawls wrote to the dis
trict attorney at Opelousas asking
when the next term of court convenes
and stating that the defense only
wants time to get its witnesses to
gether. Mr. Rawls stated that wit
nesses would come from Mississippi,
Louisiana, Georgia and North Carolina.
"If Walters must be tried in Lou
isfana," declared Attorney Rawls,
"Opelousas is the place we prefer. It
is there that the people know Robert
Dunbar, and we belieVe that they know
that the boy now held by Mr. Dunbar
is not the real Robert Dunbar."
WOMAN TAKES HER OWN LIFE
III Health Causes Wife of Mooringsport
Mayor to Kill Self.
Wetstrn Newpaper Union News Service.
Shreveport..-Mrs. Louis Crist, aged
42 years, wife of the mayor of Moor
ingsport, in the Caddo oil fields: com
mitted suicide in a guestroom at a
Shreveport hotel by shooting herself
in the breast with a pistol. Despond
ency over bad health is supposed to
have prompted her deed.
No note was left, but it developed
that Mrs. Crist for several years had
been in poor health. A few weeks ago
she underwent an operation, but did
Snot ImDrove sat.isfactorily.
GULLATT'S NAME REJECTED
Senate Refuses to Confirm Man Ap
pointed to Ruston Postoffice.
Wnestern Newspape.r Union News Srvice.
Washington.-Another chaper in the
Ruston, La., postoffice row was writ
ten here when the Senate rejected the
nomination of S. I. Gullatt for post
master at that place. Mr. Guliatt was
first nominated during the extra ses
sion of Congress through the efforts
of his brother-in-law, Congressman
Aswell The appointment was olppos
ed by Congressman Elder of the Rus
ton district and Senators Ransdell and
Thornton and the Senate failed to
confirm the nomination.
President Wilson again sent Mr.
Gullatt's name to the Senate when
the regular session of Congress open
ed and the Louisiana senators and
Congressman Elder again strongly op
posed the appointment. The result was
the formal rejection of the appoint
ment by the Senate.
MIDWINTER FAIR SUCCESS
Large Crowds See the Exhibits at
Western Newspaper Union News Servtee.
Baton Rouge.-The Midwinter Fair
held here for two days was more suc
cessful than even hoped for. Great
crowds attended, including many from
out of town. The pavillion was pack
ed with agricultural, health and other
exhibits, while the temporary stock
buildings were filled with fine horses,
cattle, swine and agricultural displays.
The last day's program included
athletic sports and a live stock parade.
The fine specimens filed by the review
stand and were made the subject of
moving pucture films.
BICKHAM GOES TO PRISON
Banker Is Convicted and Given Ten.
Western Newspaper Union News Servie.
Franklinton.-Houston D. BIck-i m,
tr of u the z
wrecking that institution and given
the maximum sentence of ten years
in the penitentiary.
A tew hours later, Bickham was on
his way to Baton Rouge to begin serv
ing the sentence, having decided to
make no further fight.
Bickham asked to be taken away at
once. Remaining in jail in a parish
where he had spent a lifetime and
knew every inhabitant was unbearable,
he said. In Sheriff Simmons' peni
tentiary party, besides Bickham, were
four negroes, shackled together. Bick
ham was free of handcuffs, a privilege
extended by the sheriff on account of
faith and long friendship. Accom
panying them were his two brothers
Hamp and DeWit Bickham. Hamp
Bickham carried a loaded shotgun,
fearing a second attempt would be
made on the prisoner's life.
Bickham betrayed no emotion when
the verdict of the jury was read. Mrs.
Bickham, who had remained at her
husband's side throughout the trial,
did not at once give way to her emo
tions but as she walked from the court
room a few minutes later she burst
A few minutes later the convicted
bankers, members of his family and his
attorneys were in conference. District
Attorney Brock was then called in and
the latter informed Bickham that if he
would accept the maximum sentence
of ten years and agree not to fight
the cases further, he would nolle pros
se the remainder of the cases pending
against Bickham. Otherwise, he de
clared, he would press the other cases
to trial. Bickham agreed to accept the
sentence of ten years and a few min
utes later sentence was imposed by
A few hours later Blickham was on
his way to the penitentiary. Half the
population of Franklinton was at the
depot to witness his departure and be.
fore he boarded the train District At
torney Brock and many others in the
crowd grasped his hand in farewell.
PLANTER TAKES OWN LIFE
Will B. Graham Leaves Letter Blam
ming Financial Troubles for Act,
Western Newspaper Union Newe Service.
Shreveport.-After writing letters
to his wife and son, in which he ex
plained that on account of financial
troubles he planned the tragedy some
time ago, and would have enacted it
sooner had it not been for his desire
for the family to pass the holidays
- happily, W\'ill B. Graham, aged about
50 years, one of the best-known Red
River planters, residing at Red Chute,
- Bossier parish, lay down on a hotel
bed while fully dressed, placed a pis
tol at his right temple and pulled the
I trigger. The bullet emerg''i throurh
I the left temple, causing death almost
Graham was prominently connected
in Caddo and Bossier oarishes
HOWELL FREED OF
MAN HELD FOR DEATH OF STEP.
DAUGHTER ORDERED RE
LEASED BY COURT.
JUDGE FINDS NO EVIDENCE
States, However, That He Will In
struct Grand Jury to Make In
quiry Into Charge.
Western Newspaper ntuon News SerhIee.
Ruston.-Casper Powell, the 21-year
old white man, who was charged with
giving poison to his 8-year-old step
daughter, Mary Long, on December 21,
from the effects of which she was al
le-red to have died in convulsions, has
been released. Judge Holstead order
ed that Howell be released, ruling that
the cvidence adduced was insufficient
to a arrant even detaining the accuse I
for grand jury action. The judge ad
ded, however, that he would instruct
the grand jury to investigate, How
ell not to be in custody pending the
The strongest witness for the de
fense proved to be Dr. C. H. Carson,
Jr., chemist of the Louisiana Industrial
Institute, placed on the stand by the
state. He stated that careful examin
ation failed to reveal the presence of
any r.lkaloid poison in the girl's stor
ach. 'I he defense offered many char
acter witnesses. Mrs. H. B. Triasell
testified that the child was crit.cally
ill the day before it died, sufferlag
from a collapse from the effect of a
crushed foot received by being run
over by a train December 19. Dr. A. J.
Adams, a Simmaboro physician, said
the.child's liver and spinal cord were
enlpred b* strait adi shook from the
WILL AD SUGAR GRDOWRS
Charles Godchaux Quits Bank Presi.
dency to Enter Fight.
Western Newspaper Union News Service.
New Orleans.-Charles Godchaux,
who resigned the presidency of the
Whitney-Central banks to take up the
fight to make sugar production pay
in this state, has announced that he
has plans for the organization of a
large company among the sugar peo
ple, the objects of which will be to co
operate in the selling of sugar and en
able the sugar people to hold their
sugar and sell it to the best advan
tage, instead of putting it all on the
market in about a month.
Mr. Godchaux said that the sugar
situation was demoralized and the
planters were alarmed and discourag
ed, and he believed that some steps
ought to be taken to encourage them
and to devise plans to develop the
planting and handling of the crops on
the moat economic basis. He gave
up his brilliant banking situation to do
thig, and hopes to be able to lead the D
sugar people into success. The com
pany will, besides helping to market
sugar profitably, encourage the pro
duction of other crops and stock and
aim to help the planters generally.
.Mr. Godchaux said that the plan so
far was tentative and no definite or
ganization had been arranged, but he
hoped to be able to develop a strong
working organization. The plan will
include canning factories and all agen
cies that will enable the planters to
handle and sell their crops.
It is expected that every sugar plant
er in the state will participate in the
1(ILLS HIMSELF IN OFFICE
Facing Shortage in Accounts, Lumber
Company .Employe Ends Life.
Montgomery.-Van Miller, of Carson,
shot himself through the right temple
in the office of a lumber company in
the presence of a young lady cashier,
and some of the office force. The shot
produced almost immediate death. The
cause was San unaccountable shortage
of $.,000 in his cash.
Mr. Miller was born and reared near
this place and his remains were
brought here for burial. He leaves
his wife and several children. He was
the son of J. R. Miller, of Verda, who
is justice of the peace of his ward.
Louisiana Debaters Named.
Baton Rouge.-louisiana's varsity
debaters, who will meet Tennessee
and Texas this year, were elected by
the faculty committee on debating, as
follows: A. B. Whitlow and. Fisher
Middleton, principals, and J. M. Ben
nett, alternate for the affirmative
team; A. S. H. Trappey and T. J.
Magee, principals, and R. H. Lee, ad
ternate for the negative.
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