Newspaper Page Text
The Cald we Watchman
VOL. 28 COLUMBIA, LOUISIANA, FRIDAY', SEPTEMBER 25, 1914 NO 40
Titantic Struggle in the Hills
North of the River
BATTLE HAS BECOME A
SIEGE ALONG TIL LINE
GERMANS MAKE SUPERHUMAN
EFFORTS TO RECAPTURE
TOWN OF RHEIMS.
FIGHTING IN RAIN STORM
Reports in London That Germans Are
Preparing to Fall Back Upon
Their Own Fortifications.
Western Newtaiper Union News Srrvlce.
London.-The unparalleled strug
gle on the River Aisne, which com
menced about a week ago Saturday.
has developed into siege operations.
The two armies, strdngly entrenched,
are carrying on an artillery duel while
the infantry make attacks and coun
ter-attacks which are in the nature
of sorties from a besieged fortrees.
Occasionally one or the other gains
a little ground, but it is so little that
the opposing forces remain in their
-trenches or take up positions in new
entrenchments immediately behind
those from which they are driven.
It is now becoming the conviction
of military men that nothing but out
movements can haver any se
*#i1+ e ý6vei¶14ýýIý: GeIýQr.
ansa, A cordhg ,to their- own ofileigl
report, have been strongly reinforced
both on their right, where General
von Kluck is making such a stubborn
stand in almost impregnable pos!
tions on the hills north of the Aisne,
and in the center, where the Germans
are making almost superhuman ef
forts to recapture Rheims.
It probably is the desire to recap.
ture this town at all costs, because of
its importance as the key to import
ant communications that will improve
all lieir connections for attack or re
treat, that has led the Germans to con.
tinue the bombardment which has re
sulte4 in the destruction of the fa
Bombardment of Rheims.
This bombardment has been of the
most severe kind and is being direct
ed from Brimont, which the Nench
recaptured, but lost again, and from
othbr lulls around the town, and is of
deadly character. O'he French have
brought up addition@ heavy artillery
In an attempt to drive the Germans
out of these hills, for until this is
done the situation in the town must
On the allies' left the French claim
-another advance on the right bank of
the tiver Otse as far as the heights
of Lassigny, west of the Noyon, which
has been the center of heavy fighting
for a wedk past.
Severe fighting also continues north
of the Aisne and in the Craonne dis
trict. where the Germans, a French of
ficial communication says, have been
repulsed at all points with considera
Jule losses. This is an extremely dif
ficult country over which to make an
advance. The plateau of Craonne is
of limestone formetion, with the sides
almost as perpendicular as walls, and
the valleys in wet weather become
quagmires. It was on this plateau
just a century ago that Blucher tailed
to check Napoleon.
Von Kluck Confronts Allies.
The allies apparently have scaled
the walls of the plateau and now hold
the heights. but ahead ef them they
have found Von Mluck in great
strlngth and now are awaiting the
outcome of the attempt to turn his
flank, which would clear the road for
them. The French army. whflh is
trying to work around the German
right. is pushing its way slowly.
Starting from Complegne, it reached
Noyon, and today is on the heights of
Lassipny. Its next objective point is
Tergnfer, 19 miles from Laon, an im
port railway junction, which the Ger
mans are using for provisioning their
The French have made some head
way in Champagne and on the west
alote of the Argonne and have reoc
supied Mesnil-les-Hurlus and Messlges,
'but elsewhere the situation remains
as it was.
One thing is certain, neither front
-as been broken, all attempts to do
GENERAL VON MARNITZ
General von Marnitz has been in
command of the German cavalry on
the extreme right of the kaiser's
army in France and covered the ad
vance of Von Kiuk's tfutile turning
movement. Von Marnitz's cavalry
penetrated even to the southwest of
Pari and astonished the world by its
this having been repulsed, and while
the German right may be bending
back a little it is not yet outflanked.
All this fighting has been carried
on in most execrable weather, a con
tinuous dowanponrh *b e. - as&*
"ritarºerc n a bnte o
movements of the men and horses.
ilore or less definite rumors con
tinue to circulate in London to the
effect that the Germans are preparing
a great retreat from Prance on their
own border fortifications.
Fighting has belen fiercest on the
allies' left, which lies on the right
bank of the River Olse in the vicinity
o Rheims, the famous cathedral of
which has been set afire by German
shells, and between that town and
the Argonne ridge, it has been give
and take all the time.
French official reports again claim
slight progress on the French left and
that the allies again have repulsed
strong frontal attacks between Cra.
onne and Rheims.
Around Rheims itself matters have
been about equalized, as the Germans
have recaptured the heights of Bri
mont, while the French have taken
the defenses of LAPompelie. The
French also have scored a success
between Rhelms and the Argonne,
where they have taken the village of
Seuain and have captured numerous
In addition the French report gains
on the western slopes of the Argonne,
where the Crown Prince's army op
poses them, while the Germans have
retized beyond the frontier in Lor
raine, evacuating Avricourt.
In all eases these are :separate at
tacks and counter-attacks by the
armies lying in the trenches waiting
for their artillery to compel the other
side to slacken its fire. The losses
in these must be enormous, for the
men cannot move a foot without being
made targets 6f the heavy guns posted
on the hills above them.
The British apparently have learned
something from the Japanese attacks
on Port Arthur. They make a rush for
waRt and when the fire becomes too
heavy for them to make a further ad
vance they again dig trenches and re
main there until another opportunity
offers for them to gain a few more
The Germans have had most of
their artillery at work, but the French
are bringing up more and bigger
guns. This kind of fighting with both
sides in strong positions may go on
for days yet, but sooner or later one
side must find the continual fall of
shells and the terrific attacks too
much, and leaving a strong rear
guard will draw back for a breathing
The battle resermhles in many par
ticulars that of the Sha-Ho in 1904,
where the Japanese and Russians,
with much more time to do it, estab
lished positions which each thought to
be impregnable. With all the hard,
long fighting behind them the Ger
mans again are making attacks to
ward Verdun, while the allies are mak
ing frontal attacks on the German
right, and once more attempting to
p outflank it
GEN. DANKL SURROUNDED, AND
THE AUSTRIAN ARMY AS A
WHOLE CUT TO PIECES.
Wevrn XNewSpaper Inlon News ServieP.
London.-Tlhe Russian grip on the
scattered Austrian forces in Galicia
is holding relent hssly. According to
Petrograd advices, the fortress of Ja
roslau is being bombarded; Przemsyl
has been invested and General Dankl's
army, which is retreating toward Cra
cow, has been surrounded. The cap
ture of the town of Dubiecko, on the
San, by the Russians, has cut
Przemsyl off from the western ar
mies, so that it must now rely for de
tense upon the Austrian and German
army corps which are there.
General Dankl is believed to be In
a difficult position. Driven out of
South Poland and separated from the
main body of the Austrian army, he
has been compelled to make a race
for Cracow, In which he was, accord
ing to Russian accounts, beaten by
the Russian army coming southward
from the Vistula to Baranow.
The Russians now are so .sure of
Galicia that they are organizing a
civil government for that region, as
welt as for Bukowina, the Austrian
crown land, where they are complete
The Germans have retaliated to
some extent by penetrating the ter.
ritory of Suwalki, in Russian Poland,
and farther to the north. But the Rus
sians are contenting themselves with
defending their fortresses until their
work is completed.
Russians Closing in on Jaroslau.
The Times Petrograd correspondent
"The Saxon cavalry division which
redently arrived in Fast Prussia from
France has suftered heavy losses.
manLand.u r~'-coii; VI r'sa
Weirach. Here, evidently, the Aus
Strians had prepared to cross the Vis
"Javorov, where the Russians cap
tured 5,000 prisoners and 30 guns, is
15 miles east of Jaroslau. Thas the
Russians are *pproaching Jaroslau
also from the east, and threaten to
emerge at the rear of the fortress af
ter crossing at Krsheshov.
"The relentless pursuit of the Aus
trians continues. The Russians are
forging an iron ring around the Gall
clan strongholds, where the ren
nants of the Austrian armies are seek
The Petrograd correspondent of the
Erchange Telegraph sends the follow
lag by way of Rome:
Austrian General Danki Cut Off.
"Thb Russians have completely cut
off General Dankl's army, which
forms the extreme left of the new
battle front from Przemysl to Cracow
(Galicla), and have prevented his
junction with the forces under Gen
eral von Auffenber5, While General
tanpl is retreating in a desperate at
tempt to reach the Cracow fortifca
tions, the Russians are advancing
from San Domir in an endeavor to
cut of that retreat as welL"
The following oficial dispatches
have been received from Berlin by
- Marconi Wireless:
"It is reported from Vlnna, by way
of contradiction of the fgures publish
ed from Russian sources as to the
Austrian losses, that the Austrian
army repeatedly has defeated the
weakened Russian forces; that the
Austrian troops hold a strong position
in Galicia, and are ready for further
"Hamburg has been visited by a
strong gale, and has suffered consider
, able damage from a food, L'ear the
- village of Moorburg the bursting of a
, dike has flooded the neighboring
Reichstag Member is Traitor.
"Councillor of Justice Blumenthal, a
former member of the Reichstag, has
been placed on 'trial, charged with
high treason. His property has
"The Russian general, Martos, who
ordered all male inhabitants of East
Prussia to be shot and the villages
destroyed, has been brought into
Halle in chains. He will be tried by
court~martial. (General Martos was
reported September 2 to have been
killed in battle in East Prussia.)
"A Russian major has been con
demned to death after atrial by court
martial. He is alleged to have com
mitted infamous acts."
Operators' Reply to President.
Denver.-Tho reply of the operators
- not afiliated with the Colorado Fuel
- and Iron Company to President Wil
son's peace plan, will be mailed to
Washington, and no representatives
will be sent for a personal interview
with President Wilson,
AMERICAN VOLUNTEERS FOR FRENCH AIIMY
. < ý.+. . .' . . . . . . .. ^^c' V.. . ..o.F.6
.. . .. . ..`.'~ X. R tcýa ',' y, .~l .p i .' .
:a~ -.f *·5 "··L...: · .*....:.:
i rs n Pr w ave o a on r n to fg in th rn am ar her
St P e IO the Stars and Stripes.
RING ULLP WELCH
eS A USING ENTHUSIASM FOR
A TH ARMY, SAYS THEY ARE
S NTING BARBARIANISM.
h -"There is no man in this
Itr throughqut his political life,
the prospect of engaging,
th greater repugnance than
l'here is no man, either in
it 'outside this hall, who is
inced than I that we could
h avoided the present war
n tional dishonor."
the text of a speech
Lloy4 Qeorge, cli 'pel
iI gS rotor Field' Marsb
itchener's new army. The
a c or added that any nation
whi isregarded its national honor
w. was med, and Great Britain was
s bo by honorable obligations to
e def the independence, liberty and
u inte y of Belgium.
o R ng to the accusation that
r- Great ritain had used the treaty pro
vidi for Belgian neutrality as a
s. cunn cloak to veil her jealously of
e a su for civilization, the chancellor
a- " answer was the action we
S. took 11870. In that case Prince
ile k respected Prussia's treaty t
e obli one, but it was to the interest (
r- of Prita t6 break her treaty, and she
did. 'to Prussia a treaty is just a i
scrap of paper. 8
"Te 'Tdoctrine of a scrap of paper
Sgoes to the root of all public law. We t
r are fihting against barbarians, and
r there'Je only one way of putting it 1
right. If there are nations who say ,
. they will respect treaties only when
it is to their interest to do so, we
- must make it to their Interest to do
Sso in the future."
g Reerring to the German excuses,
Mr. Ioyd George remarked, "A great
netila ought to be ashamed of behar
Sing Ike a fraudulent bankrupt trying
yto escape his obligations."
Referring to the case of Servia, thes
chantellor of the. 'ezeh~iler said' I
that *anperor Nicholas had given Aus
etria the only answer that became a
nman whein he said, "I will tear your
e ramshackle empire limb from limb." 1
e "And he is doing it," added the
r "Prusasla," said Mr. Lloyd George,
"is the road hog of Europe. Men,
I women and children and nations are 1
erdered otk of the way. Even Great
e Britain is ordered out of the way. If
a the old British spirit is still left in
SBritish hearts, the bully will be torn
from his seat. They thought we could
not beat them. It will not be easy. It
will be a long job. It will be'terri
Ible. But in the end we shall march
Sthroiugh terror to triumph."
Iexicans Fleeing From Mexico.
Vera Cruz.--The steamer City of
't Tampico sailed for Texas City with
a 150 refugees, many of them prominent
a hIaxicans. General Candido Aguilar,
7 governor of the state of Vera Cru7,
s issued a manifesto promising safety
a to all Federals who have been mus
tered out of the milithry service, and
i- to the people in general, unless they
t* have been guilty of treasonable of
Germans Evacuate Termonde.
Antwerp.-The' Telegraaf reports
a that the towns of Dendermonde, (Ter
I monde) and Londerzeel have been
I, evacuited by the Germans. This is <
the first time that these places have I
been free of the fnvaders sinceithe I
removal of the Belgian capital from Ii
11rus55s to Antwerp. I
CHANGING THE FRONTIER
n After waiting 40 years the French
,r finaly had a chance at the German
* frontier marks along the Alsace-Lor-,
o rain. border, and it did not take them
d long te tear down the signs that bore
the black eagle and the words au
t "Deutches Reich." a
ºf Flashes From the Moving t
r Picture Drama of War '
e Petrograd reports that 15,000 Aus- a
y trians were captured in three days in d
e G'ermans are still bombarding Ter- 1
a monde V prevent a further Belgian 1
r Kaiser Wilhelm is reported to have i
* takea up his quarters in Luxembourg. 4
d The Montenegrins are reported to 5
It be closing in on Saravejo, the capital P
y of Bosnia. r
n The French claim that the Germans i
e used petroleum shdlls in the bom
0 bardment of Rheims.
The German right was driven back
seven miles as the result of firce en
gagements Sunday and Monday.
The Servians claim to have de
teated an army of 250,000 Austrians
Snear the Bosnialan border, on the river t
. Germany is successfully raising a t
a war loan of $1,050,000,000. 1
ir Roumania has decided to maintain t
the strictest neutrality. a
e It Is reported that the Germans a
have turned Brussels over to the Aus- v
e, trian troops. t
n, Count von Bernatorff denies that a
-e Germany has made any overtures for p
Lt peace. g
if The Gaekwar of Baroda, a strong II
n Indian prince, has tendered England C
n all his troops and resources for the '
d war. c
h AUSTRIANS ON ITLAY'S FRONT F
Vienna Reports That More Than 200,
000 Troops Are On Guard.
h Vienna, via Venice and Paris. -
It According to reliable reports from
r, Trieste the Austrians now have 60,
2" 000 Soldiers at Pola, 60,000 in the
by neighborhood of Pisino and more than
s 200,000 on the Italian frontier.
Uneasiness is increasing In Trieste. (
Little war news except oficial re
ports is obtainable. Russiai suc.
cesses in Galicia are represented as ~
being without significance. It is as- ,
serted that Austria will recover thel
lost ground speledily.
n The position of Italian inbabitants i
Is of Trieste is exceedingsy uncomforta-' E
re ble. Hundreds have been arrested 1
,, and many houses belonglpg to Itallans t
n j have been serched by tse pojice. i
Many Italians are leaving. t
HOLDING ITS OWN
OFFICIAL aPORTS ARE THAT
ATTACKS ALL ALONG THE
FRONT ARE REPULSEp.
Westera Newipeper Unsa News servke.
Berlin.-The following official state
ment from the German headquarters
was issued Sunday:
"it is reported that a decisive attack
to being made by the Thirteenth and
Fourth army corps and parts of other
German divisions south of Noyos.
"Beaumont has bes stermed and
2,5$0 French prisoners ,mpture.
"many guns and prisoners have
been captured, though the number is
t not yet available.
P "The invasion of the Alpine rle
'-, men over the Vosges into the Breisach
s valley has been repulsed.
s "The German eastern army .ontin
B ues its operations in 8uwalki provinoe
and is advancing against the lijssian ,
"Dispatches from Agram report that
the victory over the Servians was far
greater than at first believed.
"The Servians were completely
routed and were .driven in flight
s- across the Save river. Many were
Members of the General Staff here
r- have manifested absolute cofidence
n in the outcome of the battles in
France, as their own arpy is steadily
e growing stronger, and the lines of
I. bilmunication have been adjusted to
o permit of a more efficient supply of
ii provisions and ammunition, it having
rather outrun Its supply arrangements
in the rapid advance on Paris.
The French army, according to the
night bulletins, is showing signs of
k having shot its bolt, and has fought
itself to a standstill, being unable to
fill its depleted ranks like the Ger
mans. The Germans, according to
SSunday night's bulletins, are slowly
' but surely gaining ground in the cena
A shower of steel arrows released
a by the French aviators over a mile
high in the air is the most modern
n terror of war, according to accounts
of German wounded, printed In the
s Munich medical weekly. The arrows.
- which are of pressed steel, from four
to six inches long and a quarter of
ýt an inch in diameter, have a heavy
t I pointed heed'and a skeletonised shaft.
The arrows seem to have caused
g more surprise than actual damage.
d ºOnly one man was killed by a head
e wound in the attack described, the
others causing flesh wounds.
r RHEIMS CATHEDRAL RAZED
- Historic Building Destroyed By Bom
bardment of German Armies.
Western Newspaper salon News 8ervcre.
Bordeaux.--'fhe minister of the In
terior, Louli J. Mtalvy, announced
Monday that the famous catheidral of
Rheims had been destroyed and other
" historic and public buildings either
laid in ruins or seriously damaged by
-. German artillery.
Coupled with the announcement w
' a statement that tbe governmen
s decided to address to all the
B' a note of indignant protest
"this act of odious vandalism."
Structures, the minister said, which
:s had been destroyed or ruined includ.
i.' ed, in addition to the cathedral, the
d Twelfth century chnrch ef St. Jacques,
LB the Fifteenth century archbishop's
palace and the city hall, dating from
the Seventeenth century.