Newspaper Page Text
The Cadwell Watchman
VOL. 29 'OLUMBIA, LO UISIANA, FURi I)A y, .J tI, I: , !)5 N.I
GERMANS WIN IN
EAST AND WEST
ENTIRE POSITIONS OF RUSSIANS
WERE TAKEN-PARIS AD
16,000 PRISONERS TAKEN
Lines of Austro-Germans in Galicia
Now Extend From Cyerniawa
London. - Germany claims an
other great victory in the east. North.
west of Mosciska, in the region of
Sieniawa, the German report says
that along a line extending over 43
miles the entire positions of the Rus
sians were taken and 16,000 prisoners
The Russian official report, how
ever, only mentioned the locality
where this action is said to have
taken place in a paragraptl which de
clared that the Austro-Germans, after
heavy losses in the region of Moscis
ka, did not rseume the offensive.
According to Petrograd the Austro
Germans have made another crossing
of the Niester, where a brilliant cav
alry charge at Zale Szcsyky resulted
in a local Russian success, but no
claim is made that the invaders were
pushed back across the river. A
crossing of the river at this place may
not be a serious affair for the Rus
sians, as it is remote from Lemberg
and an advance from, it might expose
the Austro-German flank.
German Official Statement
The German official statement says:
"Near Kuzie, northwest of Shavll,
a few enemy positions were taken.
Three officers and 300 men were cap
tured. Southeast of the road from
Miriampol to Kovno our trooqg took
of i and ls tk i i wresre cap
"In the southeastern theater Gen
eral von Mackensen began an atack
over a line extending 43 miles. Start
ing from their positions at Cyernlawa,
northwest of Mosciska, and at Sienia
wa, the enemy's positions have been
taken along the entire length of this
front. Sixteen thousand prisoners
Attacks by the troops under Gen
eral von Linsingen and General von
Der Markitz also made progress."
Seeking Eitel Fugitives.
Washington. - Department of Jus
tice officials decided to prosecute un
der the immigration laws Lieutenant
Brauer and several sailors reported
missing from the interned German
auxiliary cruiser Prinz Eltel Fried.
rich at Norfolk, if they can be located
in the United States.
Parkway Plan Defeated.
St. Louis. - The parkway proposi
tion, by which it was planned to con
vert 21 blocks into a drive and park
way connecting the business and res
Idence sections of the city at an es
timated cost of $7,000,000 was defeat
ed at a special election here by 10,000
votes. The total vote was between
70,000 and 80,000.
Washington. - King Constantine of
Greece is improving, according to dis
patches received at the Greek embas
sy, which, state that his majesty's
strength is returning.
Tarrytown. - A son was born to
Mr. and Mrs. John D. Rockefeller Jr.,
their sixth child and fifth boy. He
weighs 10 pounds. Both mother and
baby are doing well.
Reserve Bank Statement.
Washington. - A gain of $13,000,
000 in resources and 3.2 per cent for
the federal reserve system is shown
by the weekly statement of condition
fIssued by the Federal Reserve Board.
Price of Lead Advances.
New York. - The American Smelt
ing and Refining Company has ad
vanced the price of lead from 6t to
People Have Animal Ills.
Grafton. - A malady similar to
the foot and mouth disease, which has
affected almost a score of persons
and more than 50 animals in Taylor
and Barbour counties, is giving con
cern to health officers.
Capital Punishment Stands.
Springfield. - The State Senate
went on record against tl:e abolilsh
ment of capital punishment, refusing,
48 to 22, to pass the Canaday antcap
ital punishment bill.
New photograph of Generatl Floch
commander-in-chief of the northern
armies of the allies, who is conS;!d
ered by many to be second only to
Joffre in military ability.
BRYAN APPEALS TO
ASKS THEM TO USE THEIR IN
FLUENCE WITH GERMAN GOV
ERNMENT POFQM -
Washington. - William Jennings
Bryan issued an appeal addressed to
"The German-Americans," urging them
to aid in maintaining peace between
the United States and the Fatherland
by exerting their influence with the
German government to persuade it
not to take any steps that would lead
in the direction of war.
With this statement Mr. Bryan ex.
pects to end for the present his ef
forts to lay before the public the sit
uation which caused him to resign
the portfolio of secretary of state. On
Wednesday he gave out an explana
tion of why he left the cabinet rather
than sign the last American note to
Germany regarding submarine war
fare; yesterday he issued an appeal
"to the American people" to stand for
persuasion rather than for force in
asserting rights under international
law, he also made a brief statement
expressing gratification at what he
termed a change of tone on the part
of the "Jingo editors" regarding the
note to Germany.
Referring to German-Americans as
"fellow citizens in whose patriotism I
have entire confidence," Mr. Bryan,
besides asking them to use their in
fluence with the German government,
That they forget, never to be re
called, any suspicion of lack of neu
trality or friendship toward the Ger.
man people on the part of the presi
dent of the United States.
That they should not attempt to
connect negotiations between the
United States and Germany with
those between the United ;tates and
Great Britain because "the cases are
Canal Flag Is Designated.
Washington. - President Wilson
fixed the official flag of the governor
of the Panama Canal Zone as one
with a dark blue background, having
in the center a white circle with the
seal of the canal zone. It bears the
words: "The land divided; the world
Compulsory Military Service.
Albany. - Compulsory military ser
vice would be imposed by a proposed
amendment introduced in the consti
tutional convention. The term of ser
vice would be three years.
Made Vice Admiral.
Washington. - Rear Admiral Hen
ry T. Mayo, commander of the first
division of the Atlantic fleet, was des
ignated by President Wilson as a vice
admiral of the navy.
Would Oust Grain Exchange.
Jefferson t;uy. - Suit to oust the
St Louis Merchants' Exchange from
the state because it charges 50 cents
a car for weighing grain was filed in
the Missouri Supreme Court today by
Attorney General Barker.
IN BALTIC REGIONS
GERMANS BALKED IN EFFORT
TO REACH LEMBERG FROM
ARTILLERY FIGHT IN WEST
Italians Have Begun an Attack or:
Gorizia, One of the Strongly For
tified Austrian Positions.
London. - In the Baltic province.
and along the Dniester R:ver heavy
fighting continues between the Rus
sians and Austrians and Germans
The movement, forward and back
ward, of the battle lines in the Baltl,
provinces is almost continual, tMi
each side has at various times held
In Galicia the scene of the fighting
has changed. The Germans, balker:
in their effort to reach, Lemberg from
the south, have attacked the Russian.
on the River San, north of Przemysl.
and along the Dniester in Southeast
ern Galicia, and in their report clair.:
successes in both sections.
The movement in the southeast r
sembles that which failed further up
the Dniester, at Zurawna, but is on a
wider scale. The right wing of the
Austro-German army is only 25 miles.
from the Roumanian frontier, while
its left wing reaches as far as Halic,
where many attacks have been dle
ilvered against a bridgehead. Tho
center of the operations is F lom*s,
from which point the main attacks,
which have carried the Teutonic al
lies across the Dniester in several
places, are being launched.
Simultaneously the Germans a
proceeding, with their attac on
been successful, according to th
In the western zone artillery ep
gagements are in progress from the
sea to the Woevre, and even beyond
that district, with here and there it.
fantry fighting. The French have at.
tempted to force the Germans at some
points out of their strongly entrench.
ed positions, and the Germans have
been endeavoring to recover lost
ground. A big German offensive was
predicted several days ago, but so
far it has not materialized, although it
is still expected.
With Monfalcone and Gradisca in
their hands, the Italians have began
an attack on Gorizia (Gorz), further
up the Isonzo River, and one of the 1
Austrians' most strongly fortified po.
sitions. The Italians already have
cut the communications to the north I
and south of the town, so that it now
depends entirely on the difficult moun
tain road to the east.
$24,000 For Aircraft.
Washington. - 'r The Navy Depart
ment announced a contract for two
tractor hydroaeroplanes at $12,000
each, to be delivered by the Thomas
Bros. Aeroplane Company of Ithaca,
N. Y., early in July. They will be
used in training officers and men in
handling this type of machine, as
compared to the pusher type now in
use and tested for availability in
Washington. - Reiteration of the
government's contention that the sec
tion of the Underwood tariff act
granting a five per cent discount to
goods imported in American ships
nullified itself is get forth in a su
preme court brief filed by Solicitor I
General Davis. seeking a review ofi
cases under the section recently de
cided against the government by the
U. 8. Passport. to Order.
Washington. - Ambassador Page
has advised the State Department of I
the circulation in London of stories to i
the effect that Robert Rosenthal, a
German held there as a spy, has con
fessed that Captain von Prieger of
the German Admiralty boftice had a
complete equipment for issuing fraud- 1
ulent American passports.
Tuscaloosa. - When Gov. Charles
Henderson visited the Bryce Insane I
Hospital he was informed by Dr. i
James T. Searcy, head of the insti
tution, that he was the first governor
of Alabama who had ever Inspected
Schooner is Torpedoed.
London. -. Among the ships tor- 4
pedoes by German submarines was I
the schooner Express, the crew of
vhich was landed at Liverpoolt I
KING VICTOR EMMANUEL III.
King Victor 1Emmanuel has taken
personally the supreme command of
the land and sea forces of Italy.
ST[PS TAKEN TO
DEPARTMENT TO ATTEND TO
FURNISHING SUPPLIES ON
AN ADEQUATE SCALE.
London. - The ministry of muni
tions bills, establishing a department
to attend to the furnishing of supplies
of munitions on an adequate scale,
was passed by the House of Lords
and received royal assent.
In the debate on the bill Baron St.
Davids, lord lieutenant of Pembroke
shire, thought it "a pity that the bill
did not give power to requisition men
at well as workers." He wished to
dsassociate himself, he said, from at
tks on the working classes.
e upper classes as a whole, he
4, had come out of this trial won
Ily well, but there were idlers
among them. Even among the
done a day's work for thet-
selves or for anybody else since they
were born, and that the sons of some
of them still were hanging about
theaters and music halls.
While that was going on, the baron
contended, they might save them
selves the trouble of looking for work
ingmen and talking of conscription
and compulsory service. Men who
refused to work should be made to
fight, whether they like it or not.
Roosevelt Applauds President.
New Orleans. - Applauding Presi
dent Wilson for his stand in the 4is
agreement with Secretary Bryan as
regards matters at issue between the
United States and Germany, Col. Theo
dore Roosevelt. In a signed statement
received from Breton Island, La.,
pledges his support to the president
in all steps which he may take to up
hold the honor and the interests of
the United States.
Untried Methods on F-4.
Washington. - Chief Gunner Geo.
D. Stillson, who headed the party of
naval divers sent to Honolulu to aid
in raising the sunken submarine F-4,
told Secretary Daniels some methods
never before tried were used with
success in bringing the F-4 from the
ocean's bottom to her present posi
tion within less than 50 feet of the
$30,000 a Year For Baby.
New York. - John Jacob Astor,
now in his third year, the posthn
mous child of Col. John Jacob Astor,
who perished on the Titanic, has
been living at the rate of approxi
mately $30,000 a year, according to
the accounting filed with the surro
gate by his mother, Mrs. Madeline
Force Astor, who is his guardian.
First Claim Paid.
Washington. - Settlement of the
first of a number of claims filed
against Great Britain by American
cotton shippers whose cargoes have
been seized was announced by the
New Destroyer Launched.
Philadelphia. - The destroyer
Wainwright, built for the government
by the New York Ship Building Com
plany at Camden, has been launched.
Champ Clark to Frisco.
San Francisco. - Champ Clark will
come to San Francisco to make the
principal address at the welcoming of
the Liberty Bell at the Panama-Pa
cific Exposition July 17.
168 Cadets Graduate.
West Point. - Secretary Garrison
presented diplomas to 168 graduates
of the Military Academy at the an
nual graduation exercises and delivy
ered an address in which he empha
sized the value of tradition.
TEXT OF AME[RICAN NOTE TO GERMAN GOVERNMENT
Washington. - The text of the t
American rejoinder to the German t
government's reply to the note follow- C
Ing the sinking of the Lusitania fol- t
"The Secretary of State ad interim I
to the American Ambassador to Ber
"Department of State.
"Washington, D. C., June 9, 1915. t
"American Ambassador, Berlin: c
"You are instructed to deliver tex- I
tually the following note to the minis
ter of foreign affairs;
"In compliance with your excellen- c
cy's request, I did not fail to transmit c
to my government immediately upon c
their receipt your note of May 28 in r
reply to my note of May 1F and your t
supoplementary note of June 1, set- t
ting forth the conclusions so far as R
reached by the imperial German gov- a
ernment concerning the atacks on the I
American steamers Cushing and Gulf- r
light. I am now instructed by my
government to communicate the fol
lowing in reply:
Freedom on Open Sea.
"The government of the United
States notes with gratification the full
recognition by the imperial German
government, in discussing the cases of
the Cushing and the Gulflight, of tle
principle of the freedom of all parts
of the open sea to neutral ships and;
the frank willingness of the Germ:an'
t government to acknowledge and meett
its liability where the fact of attack c
upon neutral ships' which have not t
been guilty of any hostile act' by Ger- ¬
man aircraft or vessels of war is sat- c
slfactorily established; and the got- t
ernment of the United States will In t
1 due course lay before the imperial
German government, as it requests, 1
full Information concerning the at
tack on the steamer Cushing.
Humanity Always Uppermost.
e "They have been in the minds of 1
L- statesmen and of international jurists, i
throughout the development of naval i
e warfare and the government of the
- ' c , o ia upon
Y has insisted. Nothing but actual for
cible resistance or continued efforts to
t escape by flight when ordered to stop
for the purpose of visit on the part
n of the merchantman has ever been
1- held to forfeit the lives of her passen
p gers or crew. The government of the
n United States, however, does not un
derstand that the imperial German
0 government is seeking in this case to
relieve itself of liability, but only in
tends to set forth the circumstances
which led the commander of the sub
1. marine to allow himself to be hur
r. ied into the course which he took.
Lusitania's Status Restated.
e "Your excellency's note in discuss
ing the loss of American lives result
t Ing from the sinking of the steamship
Lusitanla, adverts at some length to
t certain Information which the imperial
G. German government has received with
f regard to the character and outfit of
that vessel and your excellency ex
presses the fear that this information
may not have been brought to the
attention of the government of the
United States. It is stated in the note
d that the Lusitania was undoubtedly
equipped with masked guns, supplied
with trained gunners and special am
h munition, transporting troops from
Canada, carrying a cargo not per
mitted under the laws of the United
States to a vessel also carrying pas
sengers, and serving in virtual effctt
as an auxiliary to the naval forces of
Great Britain. Fortunately, these are
matters concerning which the govern
ment of the United States is in a post
Stion to give the imperial German gov
Sernminent officlal information. Of the
facts alleged in four excellency's note,
if true, the government would have
been bound to take official cognizance
In performing its recognized duty as a
e neutral power and in enforcing its na-*
United States Peformed Duties.
It was its duty to see to it that the
Le usitania, was not armed for offensive
d action, that she was not serving as a
Stransport and that she did not carry a
'e cargo prohibited by the statutes of the
e United States and that, if in fact she
was a naval vessel of Great Britain
she should not receive clearance as a
mnerchantman; and it pertormed that
' duty and enforced its statutes with
t scnrupulous vigilance through its r.g
- ularly constituted officials. It is able,
. therefore, to assure the imperial Ger
man government that it has been mis
informed. If the Imperial German gov
I emirnent should deem ltre!f in posses
e sion of convincing evidence that the
f offielals of the governmcnt Cf t'he
. United States did not perform thee
duties with thoroughnes'. the gov
eminent of the Unitedl States sincere
ly hopes that it will sub!lit the evi
a dence for consideratlon.
'"Wlhatever may he the contentions
. of the imperial German government
v regarding the carriage of contraband
a of war on board the Lusitania or re
gsrding the expoosion of that material
by the torpedo, it need only be said
that in view of this government these
contentions are irrelevant to the ques
tion of the legality of the methods
used by the German naval authorities
in sinking the vessel.
Humane Principles the issue.
"But the sinking of passenger ships
involves principles of humanity which
throw into the background any spe
cial circumstances of detail that may
be thought to affect the cases, princ.i
pies which lift it, as the imperial Gern
man government will not doubt be
quick to recognize and at knowledge,
out of the class of ordinary subjects
of diplomatic discussion or of inter
national controversy. Whatever be
the other facts regarding the Lusi
tania, the principal fact is that a
great steamer, primarily and cllte'iy
a conveyance for passengers and car
rying more than 1,000 souls who had
no part or lot in the conduct of the
war, was torpedoed and sunk without
so much as a challenge or a warning,
and that men, women and children
were sent to their death in circum
stances unparalleled in modern war
Forced to Object.
The fact that more than 100 Amern.
can citizens were among those who
perished made it the duty of the gov
ernment of the United States to speak
of these things and once more, with
solemn emphasis, to call the attention
of the imperial German government to
the grave responsibility which the
government of the United States con,
ceives that it has incdrred in this
tragic occurrence and to the undisput,
able principle upon which that respon
sibility rests. The government of the
United State is contending for some.
thing much greater than the rights of
property or privileges of commerce. II
is contending for nothing less high
and sacred than the rights of human.
ity, which every government honors
itself in respecting and which no gov
ernment is justified in resigning on
tthose under it Oase and a.
"The government of the United
States is happy to observe that your
excellency's note closes with the in,
timation that the imperial German
government is willing, now as before,
to accept the good offices of the
United States in an attempt to come
to an understanding with the govern.
ment of Great Britain by which the
character and conditions of the was
upon sea may be changed. The govr
ernment of the United States would
consider it a privilege thus to serve
its friends and the world.
Expects Justice Done.
"In the meantime whatever ar.
rangement may happily we made be.
tween the parties to the war and what,
ever may, in the opinion of the im
perial German government hive been
the provocation or the circumstantial
justification for the past acts of its
commanders at sea, the government of
the United States confidently looks
to see the justice and humanity of
the government of Germany vindli
cated in all cases where Americans
have been wronged or their rights as
"The government of the Unite4
States therefore very earnestly and
very solemnly renews the represen~ta
tions of its note transmitted to the
imperial German government on the
15th of May and relies on these repro
sentations upon the principles of hu.
manity, the universally recognized un
derstandings of international law and
the ancient friendship of the (erman
Lives Must Be Respecte4
"The government of the ,United
States cannot admit that the procl
mation of a war zone from which neu
tral ships have been warned to keep
-away may De made to operate as in
any degree an abbreviation of the
rights either of American shipmasters
or of American citizens bound on law.
ful errands as passengers on mer
chantships of belligerent nationality.
It does not understand the imperial
German government to question those
rights. It understands it also to ao.
cept as established beyond question
the principle that the lives of non
Icombatants cannot lawfully or
fully be put In jeopardy by
turne or destruction of an unr
merchantman and to recognize tll
ligation to take sufflcient precaution
to ascertain whether a suspected mer
chantman is in fact of belligerent na
tionality or is in fact carrying contra
band of war under a neutral flag. The
government of the United States,
therefore. dems it reasonable to ex
pect that the imperial German gov
ernment will adopt the measures nee
essary to put these principles into
practice in respect of the safeguarding
aof American lives and American ships
tand asks for assurances that this wil
I be done.
S 'Secretary of State ad interim."