Newspaper Page Text
i P Thornhil
The aldwell atchman
0L. 21' lOL ll l , 1'1 1, -- IlIl I JU :;o I mII.
FARMERS PROPOSE 4
PLACE MAY BE ESTABLISHED FOR pros
HOLDING CROPS READY FOR lock
THE MARKET. Hi
ESTABLISH SELLING BUREAU suhi
Another Meeting Will Be Held August fan
15, When Full Details Will Be
Made Public. and
Points-a la-tlac,,he.- - on
The lower coast truck and fruit far- reb;
mers, on the east bank of the river,
proposes to have a cold storage and a r T
canning plant as part of the selling at
organization they are forming. thos
A general meeting was held at a fi
Pointe-arla-Hache and Col. R. G. Carl- eve
isle, acting chairman, reported that from
while not much haste was being made tate
there was constant and steady prog- agri
ress and gratifying approach to unani- ilac
mity. As a result the co-operative the
buying and seling bureau would be en- mez
tablished as a solid institution from foul
the start, and there would be not on!y gro
an expert management, but arrange- but
ments would be announced by which wet
a cold storage concentration ware- nut
house and a canning plant to profita- do;
bly provide for the crops that could kin,
not advantageously be marketed or adv
that were too ripe for shipment, would
be Installed. S
There will be another general meet- .we
Ing at the Plaquemines courthouse on Ber
August 15, when the full details will Cor
be made public. Sargent Pitcher, who ma,
has been a factor in the co-operative fan,
marketing at Hammond, in the straw- fan'
terry belt, is said to have decided to teel
settle at Greenwood and operate the for
place as a model vegetable, citrus and con
stock farm, and will also become a. ei
member of the selling bureau. Par
The organization on the opposite oloi
side of the river has gone ahead with sior
its plans, and expects to be able to
unite the varlov.s citrus and truck in- ;
terests in that fertile section. the
FOR HURRIED READERS. ing
Petitions of protest against the ad- tiol
vance in rates on sand, gravel, crusi- the
ed stones and shells applied for by the arg
different railroads of the state has cas
been filed with the Louisiana Railroad io
Commission by a number of the par
ishes. The petition of the parishes
allege that the proposed rates are so Or
high that they will prevent the use
of the materials in road building in
numbers of cases. In some instances, O
the rates on gravel would be higher
than the original cost of the material
at the pits, is the claim made.
The State Conservation Commis
sion has received information that
J. J. McKeeton of Johnson's Bayou,
Cameron parish, had been found guil
ty of selling aigrette plumes, and
heavily fined in the District Court
The arrest of McKeeton followed an
investigation made by Conservation
Agent P. D. LaBleu, who gathered
the evidence, and when the accused
was formally charged he pleaded
The Democratic Caddo Parish Exe- t
cutive Committee at Shreveport re- d
scinded the resolution it adopted a
week ago putting the ban on "single
shotting" at the primary election on t
July 27, to select nominees for de!e- s
gates to the Constitutional Convention.
The committee stood four to four ont
the question and Chairman Leonard
decided in favor of appeal.
Dr. H. M. Blain, professor of journal
ism, Louisiana State University, has.
returned from San Francisco, where,
he attended a conference of the
American Association of Teachers of
Journalism. He addressed the confer
ence on the subject, "The School of
Journalism and the Country Editor."
E. V. Bemlndernager and J. Pouma
roux reported to the State Board or
Health that they had destroyed twelve
crates of cabbage and three
crates of pineapples owned by J. Bo
nura, 201-203 Poydras street, New
Orleans, the commodities being bad
The catalogue and premium list of
the Louisiana State Fair at Shrev,
port have been issued by Secretary
,ouis N. Brueggerhoff. The fair will
be held November 3-8 and will be on
a larger scale than ever.
In a contest of the Panama-Pacific
Exposition in San Francisco, King
Bee tobacco, a New Orleans brand,
wa awarded first honor over a large
number of other brands.
A step forward In the l0jo-.drawrl
out fight to restore navigable nolinl InI. I
nication betw e-i the lisjsissipli river
and Ilavou .afourclhe by Inans of h!il
construction of a lock in the !nita r
stream at l)onaldsofnvlle'. was aco
piished, when the joint origanization oi
the Atchafalaya and Ifourche ha "n
levee hoards passed a resolution ap
pR proving and adopting the plans for the T
lock as prepared by Col. Lansing Il
[each, of thel '. S. c'orps of Encin eers,
and providing that these plans atnd
specifications, upon approval by tho
Board of State Engin er¢,. be at onto
U submitted to the United States Sec('r
tary of War for adoption 'rid approval.
This action was taken after a length y
and spirited discussion of the entire T
nmatte(r of the lock and danm proje.ct
and a forceful presentation of the duty
of the levee boards in the premises.
by a nuniber of speakers represent,
ing the aroused citizenry of Ascen
sion, Assumption, Lafourche and 'FTr
tr- rebonne parishes.
I a The register at the ltouisiana booth tl
ri at the San Francisco Fair shows ao
thousand visitors from the state up to
at a few days ago. Most benetit, how
tl- ever, comes for the many thotusandt
at from other states, who do not hesi
ifT' tate to declare the display the finest
''agricultural exhibit there. Mrs. II. J.
ni- Iladlich, in an exposition special o
ve the St. Paul (Minn.) Times, com
en- mented that Louisiana had evidently
am found herself, and that she not only
*!i grows every product to enormous size,
ge- but of splendid flavor. The pecans
ch were larger than the Minnes:ota wal
re- nuts, the citrus fruit finest, and so on
ta- down the list. Expressions of that
id kind are the rule, and will be potent
State and federal game Inspectors r
were out on an inspection trip in St
:n Bernard parish in the Conservation
ill Commission automobile, and en route
ho made a find that may get some bird
le fanciers into trouble. They met a '
w' family in an automobile who had fif
to teen cardinals, or red birds, and a trap *
for catching them. The birds were
ndi confiscated, and after being used as '
a. evidence will be liberated in Audubon 8
Park by Stanley Clisby Arthur, ornith- v
te ologist of the Conservation Commis- I
n- In Judge Fred D. King's division of t
the Civil District Court the motion of t
the American Sugar Rofining Com- r
pany, against which ouster proceed
ings were instituted by the attorney
general a short time ago, in opposi
tion to the trial of the cause during
the vacation period of the court, was
he argued. Judge King decided that the
has case could not be tried during vaca
oad tion, except on consent, and the case
Swas postponed until October.
Before leaving tne capital for New ti
Orleans, Governor Hall appointed Lev- t
ering Moore, vice president of the c
Mortgage Securities Company of New i
Orleans, as chairman, and I. S. West,
a farmer of West Baton Rouge, and
Robert L. Himes, professor of com
merce at the Louisiana State Univer- f
sity as members of the Rural Banking 1;
or Credit Commission created by Act a
at No. 19 of 1915. Two more members e
' will be appointed later. e
As a result of protests entered by b
1 transportation and export interests of a
New Orleans, the Board of Port Cony
on missioners have postponed for sixty
ed days the putting into effect of their
ed new port charges. The new rates were
to have gone into effect August 1, but
this would have given the persons in
terested insufficient time to discuss
xe- the effect of the change, hence the
re- date was changed to October 1.
ale- Attorney General Pleasant has ruled
on that women can neither sit in the Con
!e-. stitutional Convention as delegates
on. nor vote for delegates to the conven
ol tion. His opinion was rendered on the
ard application filed with Chairgqan J. C.
Henriques, of the Parish Democratic
committee, by Mrs. Christopher Ham
sal" ilton Tebault, who wanted to he recog.
has nized as a candidate from the Third
Special elections have been called
for August 31, the date set for the
election for delegates to the conven
tion and the vote of the people on
whether it will be held, to choose mem
hers of the boards of school directors
for the Fourth ward of St. Landry, the
Fifth ward of Bienville, the First ward
of West Baton Rouge, the Fourth
ward of Washington and the Fourt
uard of Tensas.
A statement of the imports throu
the port of New Orleans for the fis-r
year ending June 30, 1915, issued the
the collector of the port, shows a MA
7 ing off of nearly $20,000,000, as Na
1 pared to last year. In view of ha'
I troubled condition of shipping at the
ent, the showing is considered
nothing short of remarkable.
c - I
S After a rigid trial of one mn pay
I, municipal lighting plant of the de(
e Melville has proved a perfec ess A.
in every particule
SUNK BY GERMANS
THE EPISODE HAS CREATED
I CONTRABAND WAS ON BOARD
ro This Fact, It Is Declared, Did Not
'ct Justify the Destruction of the
' Washington.--Destruction c~ te
American ship Leelanaw by a German
submarine drew sharply to the atten
tion of the United States government
til the fact that. Germany was insisting
on her own interpretation of the Prus
to sian-American treaty of iS2s in disre- A
Fgarding two American notcs on the
In three instances of American shlps
destroyed or damaged, the Gulflight.
the Nebraskan and the William P.
Frye, Germany has agreed to pay dam
ages and in the last case the Berlin
tly government took the position that it
had not violated the treaty of 1S28,
ze, but had exercised a right given her by
a inference from the language of the
iat Officials of the Washington goverO
at mnt were surprised at the destruc
tion of the Leelanaw. but beyond add
ing an aggravating incident to the al
readl strained relations between the I
Srs two governments, there was no indica- I
So tlon that the case would lead to a new
ite turn in the general situation.
ird The fact that the crew of the vessel
a was saved caused a feeline of relief in
f official quarters, but there were evl
ap deunces of apprehension if Germany
re continues to promise payment, yet de
as stroys more American ships. a new
oi situation might he created which
th- would require further warning to the
is- Berlin government.
The fact that the Leolanaw carried
a cargo of flax. declare4 u g
of traband by Germany, oes not
of the view of the United States govern.
al-. ment that the contraband might have
ed- been removed and the vessel spared.
icv Under the general rules of Intrna,
)5i- tional law the destruction of a neutral
ing vessel carrying contraband was not
vas .dmitted until the famous Knight
the Commander case in the Russo-Japan.
Lca- ese war. The declaration of London
ase in 1909 embodied the principle as ap
plicable in extreme cases but stipulat.
ed that passengers and crew must bj
few transferred to a place of safety and
.ev- the case itself later sent to a prize
the courtfor determination as to the legal.
dew ity ot the act.
and Reserve Bank Statement.
omr- Washington.-Total reserves of the
ver- federal reserve banks increased near
king ly $2,000,000,000 during the past weOk,
Act according to a statement of the banks'
hers I condition July 23, issued by the Fed. ,
eral Reserve 1Ward. Gold reserve
against net liarilities was shown to
1 b be 84.9 per ce and the cash reserve
:s oa against net a lities 93.3 per cent.
Isty italian Cab et Discusses Turkey. 1
their Rome.-Th Italian cabinet meetinR
were was devote a discussion of the I
but relations b 'een Italy and Turkey, 1
U in- according t he Giornals d'Italia. i
t $40, ,000 For Tin Cans.
New Y --Circumstantial reports
mled were hea in the financial district
Conn that the erican Can Company had
:ates just coa a $40,000,000 contract with 1
aven- the Brit government.
J. C. 000 Texas Fire Loss.
rattc Wa Wells.-MFire, starting in the
Han. flue i~ otel kitchen, destroyed prac
'ecog ticall 'erything in town but the b0tt
Third ling ks and the dancing pavillion.
irst Bale Tops 18 Cents.
alled nnah.-The first bale of the
r the a cotton crop of this season
nve w old at auction at the cotton ex.
e on c e and brought 18 1-16e a pound.
'ctors Italy's Loan $190,000,000.
Sthe me.-The amount subscribed to
ward national loan was $190,000,000 ac
'ourtl ding to information gathered b7
'our) Bancs IWtlia
$40,000,000 of Notes. t
rou New York.--J. p. Morgan & Co. and ,
s rown Brothers & Co. announced '
ed that in association with Ithe Bank of
a Montreal and the First National and c
National City Banks of this city, they
f had purchased $40,000,000 of notes of
the Canadian governmelt.
Locker Club Law Loses. i
Knoxvi!le.-The locker club law
of Passed by the recent legislature was
decl red unconstitutional by Judge T.
A. p. Nelson.
COUNT VON BERNSTORFF.
German Ambassador Bernstorf'.
who has left Washington to remain
away until instructed to return by his
ON ARMY AND NAVY "
r DATA WILL BE SENT TO PRESI-i
e DENT PERSONALLY BY HEADS r
OF THE DEPARTMENTS. z
I- Washington.-lresidefnt Wilson has s
I- called for reports on the subject of na- C
e tional defense. These will be made
l- to him person-!!y by the heads of the
r War and Ravy Iwpartmnents. The fact
that this action had been taken be
came known after the release for pub
: Ilcatlon of the note to U(ermany re
i. lating to submarine warfare.
y Wi\out regard to present day con- t
i. trov ies the president, in association
Swith rious helads of departmcnts'.
b has n giving consideration for some
1e time o the preparation of a reason
able d adequate naval program.
d rh he will propose to Congress at
a s des ra o rop "f#
e cusson of the controversy with
S~ermany now that the object of his
a week's visit to Washington has been
s accomplished, and he is turning to
qt ueStiols of permanent national pol
it y, Practical advice concerning na
lional defense from every available
n professional source is being sought. i1
Is known, in fact, that the best minds
of the military branches of the gov
ernment have been at work on these
matters for some time. The president
particularly wishes the navy to stand
I upon equality with the most efficient
and serviceable fighting sea force
maintained by any power.
As to the army, it is known here
that the president is preparing to in
corporate in his next message to Con
r- gress a definite program relating to
the development and equipment of
this branch of the service. It will pro
vide a plan for the proper militar5y
e training of citizens in every way con.
C sistent with American traditions and
e national policy, and which the presi
dent believes will commend itself to
all patriotic and practical minds. In
this matter the president is workit g
g with the secretary of war and his pro
9 fessional associates. It is understood
r, that on this portion of the president's
general national defense program
some very definite conclusions already
have been reached.
t Careful of Bomb Danger.
d New York.-The finding of several
bombs in vessels which recently sailed
from this country for Europe has re
sulted in unusual precautions with re
gard to the storing of cargoes.
Villistas Take Lavacas.
Del Rio.-Lavacas, a small town
south of Del Rio, in Mexico, was re
taken from the Carranza garrison by a
force of 300 Villa troops.
Food Prices to Be Regulated.
Berlin. - The Federal Council has
issued an order regulating prices tor
necessities of life, especially grain and
fodder. The order provides that se
vere punishment be dealt dealers who
unduly increase prices or withhold
food for the purpose of raising prices.
Married Girl By Proxie.
Paris.-Cretor Pine, a cavalry quat -
termaster now at the front, was mar
ried by proxy to Eugenie Viellard.
The ceremony was held at Corbel and
was performed by the mayor. Paul
Grizel acted as proxy for the absent
Workmen Leave Warsaw.
Warsaw.-Workmen and machines
in the factories in the Warsaw district
that are working on army and navy
contracts are being removed to in,
Gerard Receives Pres. Wilson's ANote
('Iial text 1 l' the lat>t Ai e'ri al nll(tt ;.
tel (;~C'' n ' rerartdtig subm IIarte. ll \,in !' 'A ,,.
fitaret', \hh 0I O1 I iS (]l I''IC(d t tt It " n -
"i2 11 (u tli('t at B ler ']lin b zy l a] t i i •
"lI 'parttlt' nt of Statt,'
"WVa' hin ta, July .1 , 1915. a
"You are inslru.et. t to de(liv(er tx'\t
ually Itl., f)l!t)mwin lote' to the mmin- l t
i: t'r of forei ;atfftlrs:
"The notl( Of tihe' imlperial govern- it
nernt ,lated the `tli of July, 191., ha.
'err'Oru d theo (entl'it] ('ctl>i(el';tioln o1
the ý'pvernlluetut of th!' 1'nilted Statet,
and it regrets to be oblinged to sa 1o
that it has fot ndt it vtry un.:etilatry
;hrcaluse it fails to mneet the, real (Iii- l
f-rlen~es betweon tlh two gove'rnI
ieats: and indicat'" no wa:y in Whi.h
the accepted principles of law ard e(
1'umanity may be applied in t111
grave matter in controversy, hut prt:
I iposes, on the contrary. arraniemln nts S
for a partial sullpension of those prin- p r
ciples which virtually set them aside .
"The government of the United
States notes with satisfaction that to
the imperial German government rec- ul
ognizes without reservation the va- n
lidity of the principles insisted upon a,
in the several communications which Je
this government has addressed to the
imperial German government with at
regard to the announcement of a war w
zone and the use of submarines
against merchantmen on the high
seas-the principle that the high
seas are free, that the character and
cargo of a merchantman must first
he ascertained before she can lawfully
be seized or destroyed, and that the
lives of non-combatants may in no
case be put in jeopardy unless the i
vessel resists or seeks to escape after,
being summoned to submit to exam
ination: for a belligerent act of re
taliation is per so an act beyond the a
law, and the defense of an act as
retaliatory is an admission that it is;
n- Can't Change Neutral Rights.
1, "The- government of the United
at States is, however, keenly disappoint
i e to find that the imperial govern
t mest regards itself as in a large de
fl 4' WfMJeempt from the obligatioa to
th observe these principles, even where
is neutral vssels are concerud. by what
n it believes the policy and practice
to of the government of Great Britain to
,I, be in the present war with regard to
a- neutral commerce.
eI "The imperial German government
it will readily understand that the gov
is ernment of the United States cannot
v- discuss the policy of the government
se of Great Britain with regard to neu- t
at tral trade except with that govern- I
d1 ment itself, and that it must regard
nt the conduct qf other belligerent gov- I
ýe ernmens as irrelevant to any discus
sion with the imperial German gov
re ernment of what this government re- I
1- gards as grave and unjustifliable vio- t
n- lations of the rights of American cit- I
to izens by German naval commanders. E
of Illegal and inhuman acts, however i
'0 justifiable they may be thought to be, I
ri' against an enemy who is believed to s
n- have acted in contravention of law r
Id and humanity, are manifestly inde- l
i- fensible when they deprive neutrals t
o of their acknowledged rights, partic- r
n ularly when they violate the right to r
g life itself.
)" "If a belligerent cannot retaliate
d against an enemy without injuring c
' the lives of neutrals, as well as their
,m property, humanity, as well as justice
Y and a due regard for the dignity of
neutral powers, should dictate that the
practice be discontinued. If persisted
in it would in such circumstances con
d etitute an unpardonable offense t
against the sovereignty of the neutral
- "The government of the United
States is not unmindful of the extra-i
ordinary conditions created by this
war or of the radical alterations of
n circumstances and method of attack
.* produced by the use of Instrumental- T
a !tles of naval warfare which the na- d
tions of the world cannot have had in b
view when the existing rules of in.-I
ternational law was formulated, and C
s it is ready to make every reasonable
Sallowance for these novel and unev
d pected aspects of war at sea: but it
e- cannot consent to abate any essential
o or fundamental right of its people be
Id cause of a mere alteration of circum- t
s. stances. The rights of neutrals in a
time of war are based upon principle,
not upon expediency, and the princi
r. ples are immutable. It is the duty
r- and obligation of belligerents to find d
i. a way to adapt the new circumstances 2
Id to them. P
ul Reparation for Lusitania.
t "The events of the past two months t
have clearly indicated that it is pos. c
sible and practicable to conduct such
submarine operations as have charac
Sterized the activity of the imperial
t German navy within the so-called C
Y war zone in substantial accord with p
T' the accepted practices of regulated I
warfare The whole world has look- t
lri I o. 11lit ' t ,ll' Iw pl-+t w, t,
"r it n ' ctlle t 1 ,ý- 11111', ,ull ft 1 , 1 -.1
Sli]it i u dire I ,y i t!; in,v l ,i:;! i ( im n :Iin
Spo ri fer'llll nt 11'1! it pn ':,i ,: tie l t' ,
i" rieta ilio f t i fi! tl',''t " ' of ithn n sif b .
nto in virw,.v, ,I of· t,' , n ,ni n, a,--. ibil
r`il - of l naval w.:irfur . t:he pcov.rn.
t h itnmenlnt tof 'i ; itd lltl t cn li(~n t be
lieve tit, itmlp, riatl gotv 'rn't " nt will
i net ti ' r refrain 'rou di-:il vo illR i t thel
notlli'ept t e l s11ittmi't or ftron otTerin
replaration for the Alifrlean lives lou,o
1ee(1llfOi destru,.ti o of lIEmann life by
an illegal act.
States, while not indifferent to the
n-, friendly spirit in which it is Inade,
annot aandonmept the s prion of thciple for
Simperial Germian govrnm cont that cer
at fain vessels be designated and agreed
upon which in shall b fre lmrn te seas
a- now illegally proscribed. The very
di agreement would. by implication, sub
sb jest other vesteIs to illegal attack and
to would be a curtailmnnt and, therefore.
t an abandonment of the principles for
a which this government contends and
es which in times of calmer counsels
. every nation would concede as a m3t
ter of course.
"The government of the United
lie States and the imperial (;erman gov
nrnment are contending for the same
h great object, have long stood together
er in urging the very principles upon
which the government of the United
States now so solenmly insists. They
hare both contending for the freedom
of the seas. The government of the
Ulnited States will continue to contend
for that freedom, from whichever quar
ter violated, without compromise and
at any cost. it invites the practical
ted co-operation of the imperial Germ.n
Int- government at this time when ccmope
rn- ration may accomplish most, and th!s
de- comr*on objet he roost strikingly and
to effectively achieved.
ere "The imperial Ge:rnan government
hat expresses the hope that this object
ice may in some measure be accomplished
to even before the present war ends. It
to can be. The government of the Unit
ed States not only feels obliged to in
ent sist upon it, by whomosover violated
ov- or ignored, in the protection of its
not own citizens. bhut is also deeply inter
ent ested In seeing it made practicable bo
eu- tween the belligerents themselves, and
rn- holds itself ready at any time to act
trd as the common friend who may be
ov- privileged to suggest a way.
us- "In the meantime, the very value
ov- which this government sets upon the
re- long and unbroken friendship between
tio- the people and government of the
eit- United States and the people and gov
Irs. ernment of the German nation impels
ver it to press very solemnly upon the im
be, perial German government the neces
to sity for a scrupulous observance- of
aw neutral rights in this critical matter.
de- Frienship itself prompts it to say to
als the imperial German government that
tic- repetition by the commanders of Ger
to man naval vessels of acts in contra,
vention of those rights must be re
te garded by the government of the
United States, when they alfect Amerl
l can citizens, as deliberately un
of * "LANSING."
:cd Former Governor Bankrupt.
•n. Albany.-Priendly involuntary peti
se tions in bankrunlptcy have been filed at
ral Utica against former Governor John
A. Dix, Individually, and the Moose
ed Rhiver Lumber Company, of which he
ra. is the princal stockholder.
of 42,434 Dardanelles Toll.
ek London.-The total casualties of the
al- Dardanelles expeditionary force to
na- date in killed, wounded and missing
in have been 42,434 officers and men,
in. Premier Asquith told the House of
S Sullivan Quits His Post.
It Washington. - James M. Sulllivan,
al American minister to the Dominican
be- Republic, has tendered his resignation
m- to President Wilson and it has been
ci- Alaska Yields More Gold.
ty Washington. - Alaska's gold pro
nd duction in 1914 was valued at $15,764
es 250, an increase of $140,000 over the
previous year, figures made public by
the geological survey showed. The to
hs tal mineral output was $19,118,080,
on. compared with $19,476.356 in 1913.
lac- $15,000,000 Ford Refund.
ial Detroit. - The Ford \Automobile
led Company announced a refund of ap
ith proximately $15,000,000 to owners of
ed Ford automobiles who thave purchased
3k- their machines since August 1. 1914