Newspaper Page Text
VOL. 29 COLUMBIA, LOU ' ; r""
. ___ ® w.., h-"'M .O ~ iý'. ., ,. ... ... .-. " '. .
HALE AND HARTY
To Editor Caldwell Watchman:
For the purpose of introduc
ing myself to you and your wid
ly scattered readers, I have the
following to say:
I cannot help what someone's
told, sure it's a mistake. I am
not old. I'm almost ninety-three
years young; much stronger
than when life begun.
Got off the passenger train at
Olla on the morning of the twen
ty-fifth of October and walked
to Frith Long's residence in three
hours. Missed the road a short
distance in two places, presume
the distance was eleven miles,
including the mistakes.
Came to Louisiana a little over
seventy-three years ago, bun
this is the first time I have been
to this part of the State, and
find it a good farmers' soil: muc,
better adapted to farming than I
expected to fina.
The one great need of the Un
ited States is more farmers.
It is the healthiest, most inde
pendent life that the human
race can live. In fact it is the
only occupation a man can fol
low and make money. Merchants,
mechanics, doctors, and so on,
may get and have more, but
they do not make it.
I am a farmer, a farmer's son,
and frankly acknowledge that I
am proud of my skill in farming.
Farmers who are cultivating
the hammock land, between the
Castor swamp and the cut over
N.ine woods, ought to get
ti few years, if they take
of the golden opportunity
that is before them, which is
raising cattle and hogs for sale.
On the twenty-sixth I went
with my grand-children to the
Newell school house. I have seen
a great many school houses in
many different States, from near
the northern bounderies of New
York and Michigan to Austin.
Texas, and this is the neatesi
rural school building I have ever
seen. It is painted on the inside
with light blue and on the out
side with white.
I taught school sevety-tw
years ago, the first Monday ii,
last last May, and have been an
active school worker ever since;
expect to be as long as I live, o,
until I get to be an old man, too
old to do anything.
The tendency of the present,
foremost school workers is cen
tralization, to get as many child
ren together in one place, as can
be done by hauling, without toc
much e, e·.se; have sei era;
tea~~hers, and a r, d i scho:,;,
whi:h hi:ili up the vili :g0 and
city s aho t!,, a xt ih" ex.n -e i the
r.rai count,:, sch.,,is This, a
I see it, ieCr, ases the size of
villages and decreases the nurn
her of farmers.
Every reader, man or woman,
is entitled to his or her opinion,
as to whether this is the best
plan or not.
As I see it from my seventy
years of an active, stiring life ir
this State, school men should d.
all in the;r power to promote
Rkrht now the United State
of America, that three hundred
years ago was a wihlerness, ha,
a city of between five :1andi six
Smiliorn inhabitants the secuond
largest city in the v:orll.
W'hen a school loyW the total
populati',n of the lUnited States,
was al.,ut seven milli(on. n,\w nOt
far from one hundred millin
ipeople, a few thousand Inmre or,
less, and the country has )'(t
duce(t the most use'ful m,e( aln
women the w\\rld i:as cver lati,
Thos. A. Edison, is one of thlen.
In conclusion say:
The noblest, grandest thing on
Or has been, since creation's
Is the never ending race of man,
By God's pure, holy, loving
Respelct l'u v.
H. 1F. Lng. Sr.
AT THE STATE FAIR
The Caldwell Parish Fair ;ma(,e
its first exhibit at the Stat2, Fair
and won six blue ribbons and six
red ribbons, securing $118.00.
The Caldwell Agricultural
school was put on the map on
her merits. The school farm ex- 1
hibit took third pIlace amon;g
twenty-five agricultural school <
exhibits, receiving $20. Eighteen i
agricultural schools entered (
teams in the following contests: I
Plowing, corn judging, stock
judging. The competition there- c
fore was keen, the Grayson boys
showed their metal to the follow- t
ing tune: i
Plowing, for small boys, 2nd t
Mlace, $5. Plowing for large boys t
ith place. Live stock judging: a
Grayson team 4th place, Hardie 1
I'isher making i:,,'st score of t
,f all individuals ,nitling him y
to $20; Craf til ?. re:dith got 1
Ith place, $7.5). , :n judging: ;
Individual h,,nors ,v.. 1 by New- I1
con Stamper, 3rd place, $8; C. e
Mleredith 4th place, $7.50;: Har- I
lie Fisher 5th place, $6. Team /
;tanding-Grayson hi;'st, .">hich
,ives them the silver lovit , tro
.hy cup for a year.
George Pennington won 4th
.lace, in 10-ear exhibit of corn,
:n competition with more than a
thousand club members' exhib
John Carroll's Duroc Jersey
pig took second honors among
SP0 male pigs, $9., It is 8 months
ld, weighs 350 lbs., is register
ed, value $50.
Add it up, and think it over.
Thii.s is just a starter for 191;.
A suin;::ry of preliminary es-
rumltes of crojp I) 'rU !tion and
prices f(or the State of L uisiana,
compied by the Bureau of Crop
slimattes. U. S. Del:partment of
-\griculture, is as CoIl ws:
Corn: Estimate ti;is year 48,
300,000 bu., final etimate last
year, 38,600,000; price, Nov. 1,
to producers, 01 (1s. per bu.,
rear ago, 78 cts. Oats: This
year 2,739,000 bu.. fial estimate
last year, 1,G10,000; Price Nov.
[, to producers 58 e(s. per bu.,
year ",Er,, 65 cts. Potato-K': T,
year 1,170.000 bu., final esti,.:'t
larst year, 1,71,0,000; price.
1, t.) prdcers 103 cts. pr :..
ye:r a':), 11t ets. Sweet :,
toes: This year 6.670.0)! I:0..
final estimate last year 5.1: "'
Nov. 1, to producers 6'Css. l!Cr
h . Ricey: This
Su et, oleti of
On?'-2 0 ) bales
S ...), coinl)areJ with
row !argeir co: ," , 1 Oaw1.
\e ti. d alila. i oduces
u:t1 al a~ e :'a ' fi i h value
1jr acre of ,.. . .. thr forage
Advisable to n..ocuiate.
in rei,::.n ite.h, . :;a!:a has not
Ibe'tl tIl.. n I i i ' . i it be neees
.-,Ir. lto i:,.. : . ..," ' Id by jow
", 't ' ,r 1 *w " (i .,tJil ecure4
;I',li; :(! l: ·.. ito . ?' a ilsa i' .1\ 4
t10 . . i. n i i for a
L tllbi r ' :, t r \\ii rte A
tLi re , ' tmet: . .trtlti.;i l oe le
u'c, uc ; Li' gil" farne
. e't," c., lJ.iy be ujil',iici. W heIiL
..I'alla has nlut be.n r,'t 'a before 14
.a.ny alki.e tit. dili,'t' c• bt;'wtcu uids
SS anid failure.
.A vell r'repair,'d. 1rnl, solid s.4
ted, plenty of gotil Lha:uyard uiullrs,
.,tid bll ,.. to kill tt., vi, sds, are most
.01 oitil. Liae". 1 i, one to two
utds per atre, and It all mneans i
uatit Gioiu.nd two wet for corn to
l ,,l : t i : .d f ' r a lf l i ;a .
Make a Beginning-Start Now.
Every fftewer should try ait least
mall nlitce of ulf;,lfa and if he
ts anot succeed at first, ty
vi sand lie' on tryin. until he t.ll
vmcyred. It i wourth the while. M
1', i ote, Is tLaolu iihly and M
iproper time, you will itost e
1 ilv ilt cu red in se'ii'lt: a Lgoe
Itiad; If :',^ work is half done ad
,iit of st:. , you t11il just as ter
tainly fail `.lake a beginning-sta+l
. . . ....
- --- 0
SAVE THE ALFALFA LEAVES.
Sixty Per Cent. of the Fe'edoirg Value
of Alfalfa in the Leavws-Hay
Should be Cut at Right Time
and Cured so as to Pre erve
Of the entire a halfa plant, accord
aing to Kanss bulletin 155, the stalki
(olprise 60 per cent. and the hlaf
•0 pi r etnt., hlhercas tho <.uantlty of
the protein In the stalk is uny 40 per
ceut., while the protein in the leaf In
tit per cent. Mlortover only 20 per
('tlit. of the fat is to be found In the
stalk, while $u per cent. is in the leIt.
It is. therefore, very important tblh
aiaif a be harvested at the proper
time, and earofully handled so tht
all the leaves will be saved.
When possible to do so i iis best te
cut lfalfa late in the afternoon or
e vening. Dt w or rain on the freshly
cut alfalfa will not injure it. Where a
tedder Is used, It should be started Is
the morning as soon as most of the
dew Is off and before there is any daa
getr of knocking off the leaves. It is
('ten advisable to go over It mon
Alfalfa hay Is harvested and cured
i: much the same way as clover, of
Save the Alfalfa Leaves
'(lit that it should be cut as soon as
the young sprouts or shoots start to
,row at thile base of the plant.
Wh,'; nfalfl is left too lIng without
.uttin;;', th, les'ves fall off and the
sIt lns i.cvnfml nood3, ;ld the yield of
the lnext c.op i; gre-atly re-,iotod.
MONEY IN ALFALFA.
I. ,Oti H,?mphrpv, j,;dc IT. S. Dis
ri.'t ,n:rt, Springftcil, Illinois: "You
can t:row flfnlfa anywhere inl the corn
heit anld ihe crop is worth $50 an
J.hst.ph Wing of Ohio: "Alfalfa will
,c:. Ir5n fIrmer 6 per cent. on $500
JOHN WHITE & CO.
Established in 1837
and full value paid
Make a Trip to Grayson
While there get your Hair Cut a Shave and a Shampoo
HAIR CUT 25 CENTS
Make your old Clothes look new at our Pressing Parlors
SUITS PRESSED 5(
"' CLEANED 81.00
TIM GORDY, GRAYSON, LA
i: i '1
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Eva ..s. . l ; ti.
( •811, 1 , , -i.ll' c Sji
an' J'rli'e, and w : n '"
the ia ,.n:('ing fall of tl r
ing dynasty became -- n' t
the wife of Napoleon tit, .:
beauti Li 1 ies''s. Eu ,
tal ui t T ' '
LraIC , g lar . etho.
;''et th Itel : ,) s ""
i .nv' i ,uit of the '
It w«.,.: ih.i t at D . :, .i ~.
t i ,
mlleric) (lCii s `t. an ,i :U
,.),and h- i'u , . a ,,n I , A .l . :'
,vhich \','w ' -u , ýýu'u " ;`
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III---JOn Fuliusnancing uttiit
On Financing Rz.!iroa.ds
The farmers of
this nation need
to become better
the railroad mne
,. and their pr.:,
' ,lenis. It is only
, .: those who know
that can give us
1 ', a the farmers of
to what the men
wvho manage rail
have to say. Mr. hKruttschnitt, e xC
utive head of the Southern t'aciii.
has written an article dealing \\i.li
the financing of railroads. li a;:id
"The financing of a railroad is a
function which the people, throi'!:h
their servants, the Railroad Contn:!-.
sioners and the Legislators, ha've
never attempted, but it is a most i:n
portant problem, especially to sec
tions of a State where new railroadcl
are needed. The placing of securit i
has been left entirely with the pro
moter and owner of railroads.
"The immediate determinr im of
what earnings the railroar2. i be
permitted to receive r. . tIcr
dens it shall have put on it ,' : the
hands of other serv\,.:; : .(i public
Ithe . :nd the Commis
i" .n,: ; is quite differ
e: . ..: i i,': a government
,ir , :;ais ed by taxa
tioni. \ .; xpenditures, for
goii ;rwse, increase,
.., ,. . 'reased. The
S.: of .the pub
i. with such
r ilroads must
' within their
Si th(ey have
. . ; rol over their
i : bing fixed by
':y manager in
. is not fearful
th ci icrl'easing de
IIn: i, systems of
;.. ; : , years, break
ic ,U, :. . ;:, i ads are allowed
o cr;i I wherewith to
b:;i! i : . re vast sections
of , : ,.. i cily in the \Vest,
. r . . re uneeded and
th: I: unless the rail
wayc r.. . ,i .
"1':., ; . . . in order to
l: : :, y aire shl'iltical
( ~ ma. l e money
i; ; . i ': rn tli:1t are dealt
e. ' n aiif ly. 1lail
l',d i.' be n.de mnor
'ata : 'i 'vetitinhets, and
in o'd r i: v l ay be made more
attr.:, :. . ?; i, ust be allowed
Initril'' ,- lu'i Vdi enable them to
umeet ,t incretas.d capital charges."
E-,C: fear ! , .
-,,-CELS . ..Y ,.R;OiP
Th. Introdluct-rrn of ,- . a Gen
e,,i Farm Crop r t''. ted States
Will teVo,., - Litture
M¢eans i.1 'e Li, '^: :, t eter
Soil and La r.e, ,Ctrs Ftirom
Dly PROF. P. . !LEN, Director
Agricut rý' c.- ., D:partmrcnt
Intern't.onl t st r C,. of New
oAlfaifa S i i Gror . n
1. It is a prfl::;2; e c .
2. Increases f v. ; V~ns.
3. Excels eve'ry ot!.Cr crp
In yield per i:r
In feeding v i~s
As a drouth -:s-tcr
As a soil cri cer.
4. No hra:!er ~ o: w th'enclover.
5. Make a e~t;i n: --start now
grow coi;i:; ,iJa.
Repeated ::pecrin:; "ts mad ie by the
agricultural celh: t'-, and the results
obtained by the ,a:c'. : grouwers of al
ialfa in the s, t: ,, :i :r a ins of the
west, throuhu'it t:: corn belt states,
and in the south and ea.-t, are couclu
z.ive evidence of the great value of
T'Ihere are few farriers wiose profits
would not be incrra.-ed greatly by rain
ing altalta. Evr, Ilr.a er should aim
to produce, as f'ar n. pj:).ible, his
foodstuffs upon his ov. n farm.
During the last fi:w years, the area
devoted to ,lflt," has greatly in
irn- i' 1 t ",E . ., . #.t . ti ,"I,! M Is
souri river, and it is cer'l in that
there will be an c:iially rapid in
crease tlrclu!hhout tihe at:ernf and
southtern part:; of the Uni;r d States.
Many of the nat ,ir:pts in the past
to grow alfiafa in the humid regions
have failed, but with our present
Knowledae of the :el-qgtiremients of the
crop there will be InhItl, if any, more
trouble In se uri , ll d.
Alfalfa will s:on 1 Ih grown abun
dantly and profit"abl u!ion every farm.
It is 110o ri:re dic(: lt to grow than
clover and gives he,,ib!l, tle yield. The
deep rootig hah: ,. C:amfa enables
it to rc i:,t drouth '..i clover, tim
oath, bi . g.rais a·. o:her forage
grt:.' s' m ie for u; t . f uAsturv. Al
laItt r,). ts grow t' ( ' . Io 1the oil
f'.l "' ye:nd the t her plants.
S ,]rout r . :cr i; f AuO
gn' intei' ':o ." . .' tila it! great
'talte c.s a . , , ,r. Tho long
roots bl t4 1I ':, pot',th and
other n',,t t ', i I ti l b low alnd
'one it0 , o r , for the
t, of (, . ":i:P uts shewl
ia y i. b ... . : f otherT c(tops
AlI ',l'c : n,· :'i \ . a! }: cult an th, m ost
,,:.i ' , . 1 ''. ii make
q.. ,b, i :, , : vi , ,rovinmh iani
i * i . , a e'f feeds
lie L ',( i ," , :. '. ., need alfal
Ia b ecam s it }at.., *s up the corn
;':n:nin anl i, . } ' ,o' waste of
.:'.ch ',el -"l wu. tales place
, '. 'o cr- i- f, I :,., . \ e need
:lftlla bI ':u- i e , ,i fly u:anls Cto it
grow * ,' u'r - ," " '-;'':s the protein
nmor( pI" Pm' ?','it) ,'a ' ; buy it in
feed '",. w, vi ifai because
it 0+ ,. . .. nahm i U l S to
4j i4.;" ' , :. 1. to
,EOR ~E w. THOMPSON
ºaI Estate & Insurance
Lock Box 38.
If you wa:. to Buy, Sell, or Rent your Farm, or
':j need Fire, Life or Health & Accident Insurance