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RAIL~WA'~ ~RIOG IN ISONZO VALLEY
C )ONTIIAItY to pIilar beli"ef, a
the Isonzo river, aht«. vhtlh i
the Irtlia:ns m:lde their tirst t
attack against Att ria and
,hore their lines held tirmly againsP
the vigorouls Tutonic i'lTIesive, IN
Ir i lhii Itihintldary line Itween the
two couº:trries, Iiut lies whl(, ly with- F
in Austria nl territory, fronl two to
Iwelve miles front the lorlder. Its
,,ource is n'3ir the junci'ture of the
n'arnie and .lultan Alps. on Mount
TI'rgltu. the loftiest peak of the hItter
:rangel, and it follows a tortuoul chan- t
onl for 75 miles, emptying intli lhe
gulf of Trieste, says the Natitnatl ;e0
grap:lhic society bulletin. Sdo turbulnt
ar thlie Islnzo's waters that tlhe river
is lpra, titally unn;vigblle, except for
the f,,w mias of its estuary where its
course is through a rapidly extenditng
delta. (n its way through the alluvi
al plain it is known as the Sdhhna,
whose, moutth is less than 20 miles
from the important Austrian port of
Trieste lyintg to the s outheast.
The Isonzo is the principal river of
lite country and crown-land of (iGorz
ill ( r:alisca, which have an tar 1a
about equal to that of Rhitde Island.I
This plincipality and two other
crown-lands. Istria and Trieste, consti
tute Austria's kustenland (coast
Was Highly Productive Valley.
Before the devastation wrought by
the war, the valley of the Isonzo was
a highly productive region, agricul
lure and vine-growing being the chief
occupations of that part of the popu
lation (mainly Italian) which was not I
engaged In silk-worm culture.
The leading city of the Isonzo val
ley is Goritz (Gorz), with 30,000 in
habitants, known as the Nice of Aus
tria on account of its popularity as
a fashionable resort. Its growth co
incides with the decline of Aquileia,
now an insignificant town of less than
3,000 people, situated to the south
'-t'iWt; ct"ff-ies t .oy the sea, but
which was reckoned the ninth city of
the Roman empire and a great seaport
during the closing years of the fourth
It is about 20 miles from Goritz to
the Italian frontier. The place is
a center of trunkline railways to the
Italian cities of Venice in the south
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3UBURB5 F GORITZ
west and Undine in the northwest.
and to the Austrian cities of Trieste
in the southeast and Klagenfurt in
the north. The situation of Goritz is
a picturesque one, greatly enhanced
by the rare pleasure gardens that
have been called into being by the
winter guests. It is built on the left
bank of the Isonzo river. The worn
rocks of the old castle ruins of the
counts of Goritz dominate the city
from the hillside. The castle is now
used partly as a barracks and partly
as an arsenal. The cathedral, built
in the fourteenth century, is another
interesting monument to the city's
Where Theodoric Defeated Odoacer.
The fighting which is now occurring
on the Isonzo recalls the great battle
of the Isontius (Isonzo) in the fifth
century, where the Roman emperor
Odoacer met signal defeat at the
hands of Theodoric, the Ostrogoth.
The vanquished leader was driven
back to Ravenna, where, after a pro
tracted siege a truce was agreed upon.
During the parley Odoacer fell before
the treacherous Ostrogoth, who clove
his enemy from shoulder to flank with
One of the most interesting natural
phenomena of the Isonzo district is
the short Timavus river, which emp
ties into the Gulf of Trieste five miles
from the mouth of the larger water
course. The Timavus gushes from a
mountainside, fullformed, in three
streams of sufficient volume to float
small vessels at the very source. In
Virgil's day, according to the descrip
tion in the Aeneid, the Timavus
rushed from the rocks in nine streams.
The river is supposed to be a continu
:ation of the equ:!!Iy uninqu' . Reka,
who1Sýe waters dik:i,'tr In the grot
toes of Sankt Kaintii;t, suom "2) miles
,it lllheu' s oif the 11iSlteriolls TilllvU s.
MAZATLAN IS A BUSY PORT
Rich Prcducts of Mexico Are Shipped
From the Pacific Coast
Ma:zatlan. Mexico's metropolls of the
'a('cifiti co(ast, report ed to h:ve been
the scene of an anprnvoke I attack
upon officers and men fruli the Amer
ican gunhoat Annapolis, is thus de
scribehd in the National (;eo:ralphle so
ciety's war geu~.raphi bulletin:
The north entrance to its harbor,
ialrlked by a lighthouse Ic ileid on tlhe
crest of anl eminencllel' :lld ('erro del
Creston. mnaling it one of the loftiest
cuides to na\vigation In the world. Ma1
zatlan is the chief entrepot for one of
the richest lining sections of the
suthernt republic. It not only exports
the gold nl1 silver from its own hn
iensely welthy state of Sinalon (esti
mated by some experts to have the
iti't valuable mineral deposits in
Mexico) but it also handles the ore
shipments by sea of Zacatecas and
The city, which has a population of
20.,000, is situated on a small peninsula
opposite the Blay of Olias Altas (High
Waves). and is surrounded by coco
nut groves. It is a six days' voyage
by steamship from here to San Fran
cisco, the Mexican port being 225
miles east of the southern tip of Low
er California. The distnnee from El
Paso, due south, to Mazatlan is about
the same as from St. Louis to New
The aspect of the territory adjacent
to Mazatlan is little affected by the
prosperity of the report. The Indians
live in the same type of huts which
they have occupled since the Spnlish
conquest and perhaps for centuries be
fore that. The strip of lowland along
the shore has a tropical climate, with
an abundance of rain. Beyond this
verdant margin to the East 'rlses the
towering, thickly wooded Sierra Madre
range, extending for hundreds of
miles to the north and south.
Among the rich products of Mex
ico's fertile fields, undersea caves and
riven hills which find their way to the
,utside world through the Mazatlan
gateway are rubber, gums, dyewoods,
silver, copper, gold, lead, pearls, tor
tolseshell, salted fish, and cabinet
woods. The city's manufacturing ac
tivities include saw mills, cotton fac
tories and rope works.
Fourteen years ago Mazatlan was
almost depopulated by a frightful epi
demic of bubonic plague which sur
passed in severity some of the most
terrible ravages of the "black death"
in Europe during the middle ages.
According to one authority only 4,000
people out of a total of 18,000 were
spared, and more than a thousand
houses were burned in an effort to
stay the march of the disease. Dur
ing the last decade sanitary condl
tions have been improved greatly.
"Nora has just dropped another
plate," said Mrs. Twobble.
"Well, my dear," replied Mr. Twob
ble, "suppose you go into the kitchen
and drop a hint to that effect that
she must not break any more china?"
"Evidently you don't know how to
manage Nora. If I lead her to be
lieve that we rather enjoy having her
break a plate occasionally, I think she
will be more careful."
"Animals are so different," said the
city boy in the country.
"How so?" asked the farmer.
"Well you see when the dog wags
his tail he's pleased, but when the cocw
wags her tall I can't tell if she is
pleased or it's only flies."
INFECTION CAUSE OF GARGET
Germs Gain Entrance Through Teat
Duct-Bacteria Do Little Harm-
Observations to Note.
(By 1. 1: NI.:VSOM, (olorado Agri,.ultur
al ('oll ,', Iort ('Collins., ( l.)
At one time it was thought that gar.
get was due to mechanical injury to
the uddor, and while this cause can
not be entirely eliminated, it seems
evident from all recent work that prac- .
tically all cases are due to infection, i
the germs gaining entrance through
the teat duct. ci
It is well known that sterile milk is
not to be had even when removed un- s.
tier the most rigid precautions. This ,
indicates that germs are to be found in 11
the udder most of the time. Under F
ordinary circumstances these bacteria p
do little harm, but occasionally a harm
ful one gets in and sets up severe in- .
flammation. This is especially likely
High-Producing Dairy Cow.
I to be the case at about the time of
freshening, or during the time the cow
is drying up. At both periods there is o
an accumulation of milk that is not
drawn out regularly and consequently b
- it forms a good medium in which bac- v
t teria can live. When there is much f
t accumulation of milk, milking should 1
V be done in order to g9 out these for
eign organisms before they become c
t harmful. While it is not necessary at I
e the time of drying up to encourage
s milk production by milking dry, yet it r
h is much better to milk out a small t
h Quantity so as to get all of thetlpgg .s
Sisms out of the sinus, than it is to al
g low it to accumulate for several days.
DOUCHE IS OFTEN NECESSARY
e i _ .
Plan Outlined for Treating Cows for
Sterility and Abortion-Good
Solution in Use.
Frequently the dairyman finds itt
necessary to use a vaginal douche asI
a treatment for abortion and sterilityI
troubles. The following method is
recommended for such cases: I
Secure a large galvanized pall, four i
to six gallons in capacity according
to the size of the herd, and fit it with
a stop-cock. Buy a pure gum horse
stomach tube and fit it to the stop
cock. Elevate the pail until it is about
three feet above the cow so that the
liquid will flow freely. This can be
readily done by making use of the
ifeeding and litter track if there is one
in the barn. When ready to use the
apparatus, insert the stomach tube
into the vagina, open the stopcock
and allow the douching solution to
Sflow into it by gravity until it is com
pletely filled. A very good solution
to use is a 1 to 4,500 or 3,000 parts
Sof permanganate of potash and water.
he SEPARATING A THICK CREAM
sor- Skimming High-Test Product Leaves
or- More Skim Milk on Farm for
t Hogs, Calves and Fowls.
Farmers will make' more money by
separating a reasonably thick cream
as than a thin cream. Skimming high
pi- test cream leaves more skim milk on
ur- the farm to feed to the hogs, calves
Ost and chickens. Skim milk utilized in
th" this way has a feeding value of about
es* 35 cents per hundred, while if the
30 milk is left in the cream, nothing is
Ld The butter maker usually wants a
o cream testing around 35 or 44 per cent
ur- butterfat. In the winter, if the cream
Idl. is above 40 per cent it is rather dim
cult to get the cream all out of one
Scan into another or into a vat. Cream
testing about 35 per cent in the win.
-er ter and 40 per cent in the summer is
right for buttermaking.
n COWS ARE DAIRY MACHINES
to if They Pall to Produce Profits Some.
be- thing Ia Wrong-O.Uually It Is
her Raw Material.
The cows on the dairy farm rep,
lent the equipment that produces a
Sprofit. If they fall something must be
the wrong. They are the machines. The
teed is the raw material, the milk or
Sbutterfat is the finished product.
If the machines are efficient and the
i nished product is not all that can be
'i lesired, the trouble must be with the
ir aw material.
Tod y is your dlay :uiid zirnt;
The only dt y we\\ have;
Ti.t day ill Whichi We plaiy Ior part,
WV4at oulr part may sinilt in ,Ie
grat w orbl we liay I t ntI,"r
But we are hireIihri to play it. naiud iw
is our timn,..
--Da idl Stai r ., nl, n. ki
SALAD COMBINATIONS. st
'lten cotlbinin l iig \''etltahi in a Si
salad it is a good thlai it, arranc' ' vach
vegetable. separately upol tilt' .onilI w
dish, tlpour the C
dr'ie siig over :il d: .
and tos a ut lix yt
1or t4is5 ealch in it
the t'dressing and
keep tach s4"pl - tl
I'irate 111411 the et
serving diish. Ol
Using hlettu,e a di
it lbackground, to- b
illa'oes t '1e 1 ill lialves and sprinir kleI
with choppellid olnionl or hil.est' tl
Lettuce, molded spinaih and fine.ly
chp llped beets.
Ietlt ace and pepper grass. l1,t'1,,
shredded onion anid freshly ro:tstd i
lpelflts, ('rushed with ai l'4 liltg pin utn
til like (corse cruimbs, served with
French dressing. Let tu1e.. sweet red
pepper, sliced ipetans or alh onlits.
Letltui'e with tomiato .stuitled with
chopped cucumber lind oniLtt.
Lettuc'e with tomtinaS ,t .ifl'ed with
pelo or string leaius\t itad tinlll
Lettuce shredded tlmllatoes and n
shredded green i peppers. hi
Shredded lettuce, walnutiis. a n ll ii
onds or coolke' chestnittls slicen~d.
Let1tull'e. r(eall ciheese inl slices
wilth ichopped pimlentos. pi
SLettulergewith cottage cheese and
boled dressing, sprinkled with chop
Lettiuce, with enauliflowEr. strina
beans, and shredded pinentos.
Lettulce and cress, artichoke lhices
and tarragon, finely chopped. t
Shredded (abbage, nuts and green
Shredded lettute, tlBrussels sprouts t
and chopped pleppter.
Wattertress, pelplitorgrass and French
('uctiubers sliced with new onions.
*W atereress, diced, toiled 1eet s andoi e
Cauliflower with string beatns and
beets in fancy shapes. Arranlge each
vegetable by itself. breaking the cauli
flower into flowerets, surround with
Radishes, sliced in paper-thin slices,
cucumblers aind onions served with
French dressing onill lettuce. t
When making French dressing have
a small piece or two of ice in the salad
howl as you mix the dressing, this in
st4 a thick riche dres ag. The ad
dition of tolmato sace, tobasco or wor
cestershire sauce. add variety.
Head lettuce sDrinkled with roque
fort and served with French dressing i
makes ia most tasty salad.
The wiorlds in which we live are two-
The world I am and the world I do,
The worlds in which we live at heart]
The world I am, the fruit of I have
And underneath these worlds of flower
I and fruit, 1
The world I love, the only livin root. I
-Henry Van DLyke.
First get your ilbster. The eutined
variety will do very well btit the f'esh
ly CEooked is vaitly bet
ter, which is trutle of
ii ottst foods.
SHawaiian Lobster Cur.
Sry-(hrate a( c(4(')ntit lindl
eset i iside to soak an
hour in a pit of nliilk.
t a clove of gurlic, finely
minced. in one and a half
tltllleslpoonfuls of butter;
(add ine and ia half table
Sspoonfuls Eof cornstarlch, aind the same
amount of curry powder; whean well
niixed. add the milk strained from
Sthe cocolnut gradually, anid when it
boils up once the meat from a two
a pound lobster. Salt and pepper to
Lobster a la Bechamel.-Cut the
meat from two lobsters or diee as
y preferred. Make a sauce using btutter
n flour seasonings and a cupful each of
Scream and stock. Add the lobster
n and when well heated, add the yolks
s of four eggs, mixed with a little of the
i sauce. Use four tablespoonfuls each
t of butter and flour, a grating of nut
ie meg and salt and pepper to taste.
SAdd the lobster and when hot serve
* Lobster a Ia Poulaete.-Make a
at sauce, a third of a cupful of butter,
m a third of a cupful of flour, a half
I1 teaspoonful of salt, a dash of paprika
so and a fourth of a teaspoonful of white
m pepper, a cupful of cream and a cup
n* fut of well seasoned chicken stock.
is When all are well blended add the
juice of half a lemon, very slowly. Add
a pint of lobster meat and two hard
boiled eggs, cut the whites In rings
and put the yolks through a sieve,
using them as a garnish. Serve the
lobster on bits of buttered toast or
thin crackers, with the circles of
white and the powdered yolks sprin
kled over the dish.
Plain LUbster.-Pour three table
spoonfuls of lemon Juice over the
meat of a lobster, season with salt and
e pepper. ,Put three tablespoonfuls of
butter in a sauce'.an, when hot add
the lobster. Serve when hot.
CALOMEL IS MERGURY, IT SICKENS!
STOP USING SALIVATING DRUG
Don't Lose a Day's Work! If Your Liver Is Sluggish or Bowels
Constipated Take "Dodson's Liver Tone."-It's Fine!
Tou're bilious! Your liver is slug
gish: You feel lazy. dizzy and all
knocked out. Your head is dull, your
tongue is coated; breath bad; stomach
sour and bowels constipated. But don't
take salivating calomel. It makes you
sick, you may lose a day's work.
.'alonmel is mercury or quicksilver
which causes necrosis of the bones.
Calomel crashes into sour bile like
dynamite, breaking it up. That's when
you feel that awful nausea and cramp
If you want to enjoy the nicest, gen
tlest liver and bowel cleansing you
ever experienced just take a spoonful
of harmless Dodson's Liver Tone. Your
druggist or dealer sells you a 50-cent.
bottle of Dodson's Liver Tone under
my personal money-back guarantee
that each spoonful will clean your
sluggish liver better than a dose of
nasty calomel and that it won't niake
Dodson's Liver Tone is real liver
medicine. You'll know it next morn
ing because you will wake up feeling
line, your liver will be working. your
headache and dizziness gone, your
stomach will be sweet and your bowels
regular. You will feel like working;
you'll be cheerful; full of vigor and
Dodson's Liver Tone is entirely
vegetable, therefore harmless and can
not salivate. Give it to your children!
Millions of people are using Dodson's
Liver Tone instead of dangerous cal
omel now. Your druggist will tell you
that the sale of calomel is almost
stopped entirely here.-Adv.
Q0fN HORSE SALE DISTEMPER
You know that what you sell or buy through the sales
X has about one chance in fifty to escape NAI.E: S'TAII.E
S I)IIEMPER. 'SPOHN'*" is your true protection. your
Z , only safeguard. for as sure as you treat all your horses
with it, you will soon he rid of the dlseas. It acts as a
S* O sure preventi\e, no matter how they are "exposed."
5, cents and $1 a h,ttle; $5 and $10 dozen bottles. at all
gooud druggists. horse goods houses, or delivered by the
SPOiN MEDICAL CO., ('hemists. Goshen, Ind.. U. S. A.
W'ith a vie%\ to (di' erti'ing his l busi
ness, a certain dentist anlllotlnc'ed thalt tl
he would supply artificial teeth teth the
first twelve g( .:.I ladies in poor cir- i
CUlnlllstanw who applied for themi.
Th'e iirliest lppli'=:timn on the il- ip
pointell day was an helderly womant in
shtallby bult resectabe c lothes, who
was politely ushered into the waiting c
: rootmt. r
Seareely wa.s she se:ated whet a red
faced olt man r lune to the place, tand I
nnoutnIed that i' had (cniln '"aibt t
thetn teeth." C(
"Yom a re itking a mtistake." the
dentist replied. "I only madle lily offer
to h:,lie-. In fact. Ithere's .ole lady
wtitMiltg ti11w." ''
"Ay, ti' it's albouit 'er I've icoe." re
torted the old 1n.:i, grufliy. "Tell, ",r e
er 'usband's waitin' for er. tand if she F
don't 'op out quick, there'll he trouble.
She's got a halppetite like an 'ass al
ready. and If you set 'er p wi' a strong
lot of teeth, she'll eat bhth me un' 'er
into the work'us in a week. Send 'er
out at once!"-London Tit-Bits.
For whooping cough and its after effects
there is no better medicine than Lung
Vita. Here is what Mr. G. W. Head. 210S
93d Ave.. N.. Nashville, Tenn.. says about
it: "My boy had whooping cough and
typhoid fever. which left him with a se
vere cough. This cough stayed with Mm
for several years and was frequently so
bad that we had to prop him up so that
he could get his breath. We used Lung
Vita and he has not been bothered with t
this cough since."
Luna-Vita is recommended for consump
tion, asthma, colds, whooping cough, croup
and grippe. At your dealers or direct.
Price $1.75. Booklet upon request. Nash
Ville Medicine Co.. Room 161, Steger I
Building, Nashville, Tenn. Adv. t
At a Wedding.
They have a saw in Afghanistan
to the effect that the next best thing to
no wife is :a good wife.
The Senegalese declare that there
are only two good WOllen in the world
--one is dead and the other can't he
The Chineise hold that if a man
lose his ibride and a yen, he'll regret
the yeu. A yen's about a tenth of a
But more comtforting, far more
comtfortittg tha ese iproverbs, in the
wise saying of Dot Quixote that
there's only one good woman in all the
worit, and every husband ought to
think that his wife is she.
WHY SUFFER SKIN TROUBLES
When a Postcard Will Bring Free
Samples of Cuticura?
Which give quick relief for all itch*
ing, burning, disfiguring skin troubles.
Bathe with the Cuticura Soap and hot
water. Dry and apply Cuticura Oint
ment to the affected part. They stop
itching instantly and point to speedy
healment often when all else fails."
SFree sample each by mail with Book.
r Address postcard, Cuticura, Dept. L,
SBoston. Sold; everywhere.-Adv.
Making Quick Time.
Small Nellie had been to an "Uncle
Tom's Cabin" matinee. After the show
was over she said: "Mamma, does
little Eva play again tonight"
"Yes, dear, I suppose so," replied the
"Well," continued Nellie, after a mo
Sment's thought. "I don't see how she
can die and go to heaven at tour
o'clock and get back in time to die
again at eight."
What Hell Get.
S"The world owes me something."
"Well, you'll probably collect those
ills that flesh is heir to."-Louisville
NO MALARIA-NO CHILLS
. "Plantation" Chill Tonic is guaranteed
to drive away Chills and Fever or your
money refunded. Pri e 5oc-,,Adv.
d Anyway, an ounce of prevention
costs much less than a pound of eure,
Always use Red Cros Ball Blue. Deliht
the hundres. At all lood, goeer.. Adv.
Sometimes the price of liberty is
th tbe fee of a smart lawyer.
(On thhe rrAi ,ry f Ly].,. 1Fr: ne'.
there h:i, 1t44n1 r4"cor4ht h, I ll Firth if It
cirl 'hitld. 'l'ht fath:lh r. :I wiorking
1il:.il, Iilill.'d Ip1i: nfilly. his ,'hi . t e, l -
clerk .i 'Itd t;hat it I,- atn a dl
"It will at lieast serve to rtiniid
her.'" -:id thiu hinl.'t ualll., " 1f" lith
plalcte where htir f1:lhth r it kI:n '.o 1
To Drive Out Malaria
And Build Up The System
Take the Old Standard GROVE'S
TASTELESS chill TONIC. You know
what you are taking, as the formula is
printed on every label, showing it is
Quinine and Iron in a tasteless form. The
Quinine drives out malaria, the Iron
builds up the system. 5o cents.
I'ntle'nee-hlave' youi s'n ti Igy.
Iairi' e- Yes; isn't it too rididul,,uls
"Yes, I like It. too."
The Popular Resort.
Stellhi-lhIs it a goodl taIlle or view?
iellh-l-N, huilt it hlis a detfective
service for gosip.
that your heart's all right. Make
sure. Take "Renovine"-a heart and
nerve tonic. Price 50c and S1.00.-Adv.
An ex-spinster says it is almost as
hard to live with Ia hulslband as it Is
to live without one.
COLLEGE for WOMEN
I The Wellesley of the West ,a.9
The natatorium and ytlmnful
Itn offer the relaxation and
recreation that are essential
mental development. Onme
tie Science and Art Depart
ments offer the beet for the
attainment of these aci'omh
preseton. Modern dormitorire
with hot and cold running
water in every room. Bieatt,
ftll campusut m a. Healthful
siurroundlngt. O0 mtnteefrom
. lite.Louis. direct Ilnes from
Kanea~City. Homelike. ('hris
tlan atmosphere. 00n.[0 Inm
, . provements in two years.
For catalog and hook of Vews. address DR.
J. L. Itewmer,Pre., Box 10,5t.VCharles, Mo.
THE HIGH QUALITY SE't IN MACHINE
NOT FOLD UNDER ANY OTHER NAME
Write for fiee booklet "Points tobeconsidered before
purchasing a Sewing Machine." Learn the facts.
THE NEW HOME SEWING MACHINECO..ORANGE,MASS
DAISY FLY KILLER U"a" a ' r d t
liesl. leat, clean. or.
cheap. Lasts all
over; will not soll or
All dealers oreseat
express paid for 81.0O.
EAIOLD SOKM1, IM Do [lIb Ave., Droellya, i. T.
Every Woman Wants
I lvsemndw t fur iad lamn i
lA I- In'hr uql
Dw n.T Ho.,c
SSold for 47 pars. For Malar eaC4 dis
and Fever. Also a Flae Gemeral
Streadtheala Toalc, Iaft.1 :"
thean mallpox. Amm
SIeuedeme em ea dI
the tlmot pisagals eff
egy, *bam leammgA ll thbaoMVianSl.
S 3 vactimlti NOW t a ra see
f glerfIy. Dhmsange rYlbl st
Prdele Vuslse and Seams elder U. a. U sese
Tie Caer Labsrstuy. hertal. al. Chlemp. Ill,