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VOLUME V. JAKE PROVIDENCE, EAST CARROLL PARISH, LA.,ATURAY, FEBUARY 11, 1893 NO4.
VOLUME V. LAK(E PROVIDENCE, EAST CARROLL PARISHI, LA.,45ATURDAY, jFEegUARY 1i, 1$393. 0;4
AN UNLUCKY DI1NER.
Its Many Trials Ended Happily for
there's a man
" Goodness I"
I cry, "there
never was such
. a man, never;
pany home on
wash days, he
I snatch off
the wet apron,
twist up my
hair, that so
will be untidy,
owing to the crinkle in it, and with
cheeks rouged by heat and suds to
an alarming degree, go out in the sit
ting-room to meet father and his
"''man," as foretold by little Jennie
who is peeping in at this very instant
through the hall door, making an oc
casional grimace at me.
Father, in his usual enthusiastic way,
is entertaining the said "man" with
one of his never-ending tales on his fa
vorite hobby (we all have hobbies, you
know, so I won't particularize), but he
does pause long enough to say:
"My eldest daughter, Susie, Mr.
Smith; my housekeeper, you know, and
a very jewel r.he is, too, I assure you."
Mr. Smith rises and bows. lie is tall,
rather good looking and exceedingly
cool and self possessed. I am not I
want to shake father for that unlucky
compliment. The idea of calling any
one a jewel of a housekeeper, who has
nothing better for dinner than cold
boiled salt pork, beans, steamed bread
and a half of a pie for dessert!
In my hurry to return to my sudsy
kcitchen, where at least I can enjoy a
good cry, I run plump against the stool
at the doorway that Jennie has drawn
up in its way, in order to peep through
the transom, for Jennie is one of the
There is a grand crashing fall, as the
tall stool goes over, but Jennie, with
lier usual agility, lands upon the floor
like a cat.
Father immediately runs out and de
mands what has happened.
I point to the stool and reply as
calmly as I may:
"Jennie left it in the doorway."
As for the bchild, she is already safe
within the kitchen, as demure as if
nothing had happened.
"You should be soundly whipped for
such conduct," I say, angrily, then I
remember the awful prospect before
met A dinner for a guest who is a
complete stranger, nothing with which
to nrepard , and not a cent of money.
"If father would only remember that
we've used the last of the pension
checlf-if he only could remember,"
4iigb, and then I add: "Poor father!"
Jennie is regarding me demurely.
'There have been times when her fertile
brain has come to the rescue.
"What are we to do?" I ask, hope
lessly, looking at her.
"'There's your ring."
"My ring!" I cry, "my one treasure,"
and I snatch my hand away from her
gaze and then .the tears flow in very
"Oh," said Jennie, "I only meant to
pawn it; you can redeem it, you know.
Father pawned his watch."
"So he did," I say, hotly, "and never
But my ring! a heavy gold band given
me long ago by the bashful, half-way
lover. Clarence Baylor, my old friend
and schoolmate, who sailed away
across the sea and returned nevermore.
"rIIaUE's YOr are0."
Given me with a request to "remember
him," nothing mnre; and he died, they
said, of some fever, the handsome,
dark-eyed boy, and my ring was all I
had of "what might have been."
"I don't know of anything else," re
peated Jennie, heartlessly.
"Nor I, either," I say, slipping it
from my finger. Then I write down a
few items of things the child is to get,
give her the ring in my little worn
purse and send her forth. I could not
go myself, and she is equal to it.
It is a passable dinner. We manage
to get Uthrouth somehow, but as I hand
father his second cup of coffee, he does
see the very thing I least desire him to
notice-the rintless hand.
"Why. Susieo pet, have you lost your
In vain I try to stop him, perhape the
sorrow in my face makes his question
the more pointed.
"I-I put it away," I say by this time.
"I have been washing, you know."
"Oh, yes," says father, entirely atis
ied, but the shame of the alttls subter
fuoe, the less of my ring, reader me
anything but a sociable as teei
I am congratulating myself that it is
to end well, after all, when agaia
father's usually all unseueing eyes o
tice a small bit of paper a theim oor,
he stoops down and picks it ap.l
"Is it yours?" he asks, handing it to
our guest, when, oh, borrors! I see it
is a pawn ticket, the ticket uando~d
ly for my precious ring, that heedles
Jennie has forgotten to give ge.
Oarguest smiles and saye
"Oh, no. not mine."
"My eyes are not as yong as they
Weme one." eetlatst ftbmer pasldb,
beginning to twist the old ticket in his
fingers, and going ou with his story
for father always has a story in prog
ress, and doesn't seem to mind inter
ruptions-but the ticket is likely to be
torn into atoms when the interest
grows stronger. What can I do? I am
I in agony. The very unobservant guest
has completed his pie, the quiet smile
about his lips betraying nothing. Once
more I turn to Jennie for help. I te
her as plainly as eyes can tell, to save
my ring, at least save me the chance
of once more possessing it. Jennie is
a child of resources, but not always the
"Pop," she whispers, slipping up be
hind him, "gimme that ticket."
[ "Hey!" says father, not understand
ing her, "what is it, dear?ashow ticket
that you and Susie are going to?" in a
joking manner, as he turns it over to
her, luckily intact.
They go back in to the sitting-room
once more and then I lay my head
upon the table and sob bitterly.
"Don't," says Jennie, with her small
arm around my neck. "Don't cry!
- The pension money will be here in a
day or two, and the ring's safe, and
he," meaning our guest, "didn't under
stand," for Jennie is old for her years
and dimly comprehends my feelings.
I bathe my hot eyes and go out to bid
- our guest good-by.
1 "He is coming soon again," says
father, cheerfully; "he's particularly
interested in-" Then they are off and
I shut the door with a feeling of in
I tense relief.
It is three days later, the pension
check has been cashed, and I am lsas
r tening to the pawnbroker's for my
I precious ring. There is a slight rain
r falling and I have no umbrella; do not
r possess one that is good enough to be
s of any service.
1 Somebody hurriedly passes, pauses
I suddenly. lifts his hat, then with a
smile holds his umbrella over my un
r lucky Iead. It is Mr. Smith.
L "Miss Susie, for you see I remember
1 you quite well, the shower is growing
"YOU COULD TAKI A CAL."
t worse, you are likely to get wet. Won't
a you take my umbrella-or let me walk
your way-I believe I prefer the lat
ter," with a friendly laugh.
Here is a nice predicament! Almost
e at the door of the pawn shop, and this
very kind and obliging young man
waiting most cheerfully to dance
attendance upon me even in a rain
For an instant I stand helplessly be
r fore him, my cheeks aflame, then I
Y manage to say:
"If you could take a car and-and-"
a "Certainly," he said, coldly, handing
me the umbrella.
"You can call for it, you know," I
r add, blushing most dreadfully.
He turns an instant, a wondering ex
a pression on his face, bows, and is in the
y passing car and gone.
I "Oh," I say with a gasp, "what a girl
y he must think me-and then that I
begged him to call for this umbrellal
i'd like to toss it in the river. I'd
rather have gotten wet through than
to have met him to-day just here."
They are busy in the pawn shop; it is
many minutes before I receive my
precious ring and slip it joyfully upon
my finger, the only artiele of the kind
I have ever possessed-and then the
memory of from whence it came, of the
sea that parted us, of the bigger sea
that now must forever roll between,
causes a tear to roll slowly down my
I take my handkerchiet and wipe it
away, raise the borrowed umbrella
carefully and go out into the storm.
Somebody is rushing by, somebody
who it seems did not care to take that
car, since his own business must have
compelled him to return to the neigh
It is all over now;.he has seen me
r come out of that dreadful place: he
! understands now to whom that pawn
,ticket belonged. But he little dreams
I that for his sake was the sacrifice
- Then, three days later, he calls for
that unlucky umbrella-at least I call
t it onlucky. It is evening I am all
a alone, for father and little Jennie are
a He looks particularly well and partie
t ularly handsome, I think, giving him
my hand, shyly, for the memory of all
a that has been does not help to render
l me calm and cool
a Be talks easily of poor old father and
o his drerais; of little heedless Jennie,
and then talks of me, of myself, trying
r to draw me out, and before I know it
I am tellinK him much of the ife ol
a tris and privations, and wind up
a with the history of my ring. I don't
know why I tell it, but I do, and then
S--sad then, somehow, before the re~
fra of father sad Jenale, I discover
i- that Mr. Smith has not called for his
ambrella. but wholly and entirely to
a see mq
He does not say as much in words,
ba hulknow. And I think, as he holds
a my hand and watches my face with
. thoe dark eyes, he mas aright the
- reason of the bLshes thepme gaae,
Later ow he tells awesogtte n
Sso toadly bow h& kpew l abshout thoe
t dreadful happesning and how he pitied
me sad wanted to help e.e
a And thee I laugh sad ftell him th
pity i akin t lolve,- a tlhe aiuht have
Lnown h s danger.
Bat be says he "feiis to see the ae'
B1·dc -- -
FOREIGN GOSSIP. e
--The giant of giants and Titan of a
Titans, as far as sewing-machines are c
concerned, has recently been finished c
at Leeds, England. It weighs exactly c
Sfie and a quarter tons, and is specially I
adapted for general manufacturing d
purposes of the heavier sort. This par- s
ticular machine will be used for attach- r
ng cotton belting.
--Telephone operators in Belgium, r
many of whom as in other countries, I
are girls, are required, now that the a
government has absorbed the business,
to pass an examination in Flemish, t
French, German and English. They j
must also have a good knowledge of r
geography and be able to draw a com- t
plete map of Europe. I
--Every Mussulman, however high t
his rank. from the Sultan down to the t
lowest dervish, is compeled to have a t
trade. The grandfather of the present I
SSultan was a toot-pick maker. The
boatman, porter or groom is eligible to
the grade of pasha. The butcher of to
day may be the generalissimo of to
morrow, and the lowest slave may be
come grand vizier.
-The agricultural possibilities of the
Amason valley are very extensive.
The soil is fertile, and there are nO
droughts, frosts or grasshoppers.
Products are mostly tropical, cereals
grow rank but produce no grain, rice
and tapioca are the only breadstuffs;
sugar, coffee, rubber, cacao and cotton
all do well. The lowlands form good
pasturage, but are liable to floods.
--Since the war of 1870-71, twenty
two years. the military expenditures of
France have been fifteen milliards,
three hundred and sixty-eight millions
of francs, or about $3,800,000,000. This
sum is exclusive oSt the five milliards
paid to Germany as an indemnity, of
the sum expended on the navy and of
the amount used in building strategic
railroads and the payment of military
--The new tax' upon bicycles in
France will be W2. As there are about
22,)000 cyclists, the revenue will be
about $450,000. Cycles used for busi
ness, such as those employed by street
messengers, pay half duty. Those in
the army and the government service
will be exeqi The cyclists, as a rule,
do not obje tax, for the reason
that they ea some special legisla
tion in return.
-The custom of adoption is universal
in Japan, where it is practical to keep
a family name from becoming Instinct.
Indeed, there is scarcely a family in
which it has not at some time or other
been practieed. A person who has no
male issue adopts a son, and if he has a
daughter, often gives her to him in
marriage. A youth, or even a child,
who may be the head of a family, often
adopts, on the point of dying, a son
sometimes older than himself to suc
-The finest caves in England are
those in Derbyshire, of which the Peak
cave at Castleton is noted for its gran
deur. It is rather a succession of caves, ,
and is situated at the extremity of a
deep rocky gorge immediately beneath
the Peak castle. The entrance is a
large archway in the cliff 42 feet high
! and 120 feet wide. A long hall or cor
ridor runs for 100 yards into the moun
I tain, contracting as it proceeds into a
mere gallery, and, when this is passed,
another large cave is reached.
-The German socialists report that
they control seventy newspaper organs,
of which twenty-two are political
dailies. The subsidies granted to some
of them amount to 66,000 marks a year.
The Vorwaets, the leading socialist i
organ, circulates about 86,000 copies,
4 and makes money. The soeialist book
trade is also growing. Sentences
0 passed upon socialists during the
d twelve months ending September 1 ag
gregated 117 years' imprisonment and
20,000 marks. The year before they
were 88 years and 18,000 marks.
Y THE MODERN BACCHANALIA.
d Carnival of the MardE OGrs Ls a Typieal
Fre ek Town.
e The Hauteville calls the Baseeville
a libre-peneseur, and onities it. The Basse
, viUe calls the fHantenille egot, and
Slaughs at it At carnival thee, for-in
stance, the Baseville rejoices whilethe
t Hanterille laments over its frivolity..
a The population of the Basserille goes
Swild in February; and it is a cunrious
Sinstance of the force of fashion and
a t f the contrary natnre of things that,
while rich English people will go to
SNice to see the battle of flowers, and
less rich people read envionsly of ;
etheir doings, the latter never
ethink of runnrtag over to a town
nwhlich an be reached in three :
shours and a half from Charing,
SCross to get an Idea of what earnival.
may be like. There was a time when
r "''Fat Sunday" was kept in England as
I Fat Tuesday (Madi Gras) is now kept.
IlIn Prance; but that was in the days
u when we still were merry. The earni
val has died out here now--died out
Swith the May poles and morris dances,
n and mann3es regretable legacies of ai
i less utilitrisa past. But there is as
suredly no meee yet of its extinetfo
at Bonlogre. 8nrvival whether it be
d of the DBeahanalia of the south, amal
gamated whether thee may have been
with the Yule feasts of the north--er
Stain it is that masquerade and danoing
Sid, op those casions, greatly prevail,
and that masquerades sad dalncing pro
Svail greatly still, ia February, at Bou
alogne. Bes pamske.-f-tnt remini -
Sease of the days when Shrove Teaseday
i. had a inesnlg-Osly survive Ia Ba
Sgland, but they re de rsiger at Boia
SLae. Tbs whole population ats pean
akeLs ·ad seds panealm tots lends,
,while at least al the popalata goes
hb ,A mad Omat Ab, Mmrl iest
3ss e~sL norm wm s s
Iatrssis s tsm em ses
OLs sm m stemn rea es,
4 The atreatare tfl of measiers, who
samuge themselves y chamag thean
t abase. Neither man. wombs aer
eMW may eseapu and mu, womessad
eail be: t er shoD ha*r ,lesther
easlon set down a dish of pa.
cakes outside her lodgers' door while
she went in to change the plates,
certain masquers passing by took the
opportunity to rush up and carry them
off, loyally bringing back the empty
plate, however, in the evening. Littre
derives Bakros from the Senscrit bak
sha, to eat, because the fire devours sac
rifices, and fire is a symbol of the sun;
and so Baaus is traced back to Osiris,
who was the God of the Sun and of
Fertility. Modern priests have per.
suaded their flocks to sing "Ah, Mardi
Gras" instead of "Evoe Bacchus," but
these masquerade and dance and eat
pancakes still, and the mummers carry
ronnd an image of Mardi Gras, which
they wind up by burning or throwing
into the Liane, as the whim seises
them, at midnight on the third day of
the festival. And on the following
morning Boulogne resumes its toiL
A HOLY PLACE OF ISLAM.
The Famous Hadeehar-el-Aswad, or B15s0
stone, at Meeca.
At the northeast corner of the Kaba,
near the door, and four to five feet
above the ground, is the famous Had- l
schar-el-Aswad, or Black Stone. It is
an irregular oval, says Burekhardt,
about seven inches in diameter, with
an undulating surface. and seems to
be composed of several stones of differ
ent sizes cemented together. It is
worn to its smooth surface by the mill.
ions of kisses and touches it has received.
The Moslems say it was originally
white, but has become black by reason
of men's sins It is surrounded by a
border of cement rising a little above
the surface, and this again by a broad 1
band of silver gilt. Burton aid the
aperture in which the stone ii measures
one span and threefingers long. Burek
hardt describes its color as a deep red
dish-brown, approaching to black. It
appeared to Burton black and metallic,
and seemed to him a common aerolite,
with a thick shaggy coating wos sad,
polished. It is not improbable ta4 the
stone obtained itssacred eharaett with
the pagans on account of its meteoric
Round the Kasba is a fine pavement!
of granite polished like glass by the
feet of the faithful, describing an ir
regular oval It is surrounded by iron
posts supporting cross rods from which
hang green glass globe lamps which
make a faint illumination. Indeed, the
thousand lamps of the court makelittle
impression on the gloom of night. Be
yond the poles is a second pavement
eight paces broad, a little elevated, and
round that another, higher and broader.
The ceremony of Tawaf, or circam
ambulation, is petformed on the inner
oval pavement of polished granite. It
consists in circling the Kaaba seven
times, ejaculating the proper prayers
at the proper points, and kissing the
black stone. The first three circuits
are made at a quick-step pace, called
running, the four latter slowly and
leisurely. Usually in the Hadj the
crowd about the Kaaba is so great
that it is difficult to reach the
sacred stone to kiss or even touch
it. Burton, by the aid of a dozen.
stout Meccans, literally fought his way
through the enraged Bedouins, and
while kissing and rubbing the stone
carefully examined it for two minutes,
and decided that it is a big aerolite.
After that he repaired to the well Zem
zem, took a copious draught of the to,
him nagseous water, and was deluged
with three skinfuls of it dashed upon
him in order to wash away his sins. He
does not say whether pretense of prayer
and adoration is a sin.--Charles Dudley
Warner, in Harper's Magazine.
FIRST GERMAN PAPER-MAKER.
Re Stated Bealness a Little Over Five
Hundred Tears Ago.
"In the name of Christ, amen. Anno
Domini 1890, L Ulman Stromer, started
at making-paper on St. John's day at
the Solstiee, and began to set up a
wheel in the Gleissmuehle, and Clos
Obeser was the first who came to work."
So said Ulman Stromer, undoubtedly
the first German paper-maker, in his
notes, which are still presesrved. Five
hundred years have pased since then,
and the art of paper-making can look
back on as long a period of earnest
effort and profitable work When UI
man 8tromer so long ago established
Spaper-making in Germany he had no
foresight of the important position pa
per was destined to assume in the civil
I ation of man. In book printing, and
outside of it, it is the most eficient
agent in the advancement tof the race,
and has become a supreme necessity.
It is the foundation of the book and
newspaper arts, the indispensable aid
of science and instruction, as well as
of commercial and social intereourse.
In short, it so governs our whole age
that hardly anything could be thought
of without papbr in Its present shape
It was different in Ulman Stromer's
time. Paper was then a rare material,
little used, and only to be found in the
ofces of the learned, of seribes and of
odoere The supply of Germany and
of all northern Europe was brought
from Italy and Spain, most of it from
the factories of Fabriano nfa Italy,where
paper mll·uxisted in the twelfth cen
tury, while a lively paper industry
flourished in Spain, with its prinoipal
seat at Sea Felipe, in Valenil, as early
as 115. The paper-makng mPrt was in
trodueed into both'of these lands by
the Arabs, who learned it in Ssar
eand and s~pread it through Earope. It
was introduced into seasresad in 751
by Chineas prisers fream their couen
try, where it had been carried on from
ietremely amsist timea-Popalar Sc
"Ts it becombIg to me?" asked shea, as
she paraded in t~e eesatue of one hu
dredysars ago befre the mean who s
not her lead sad saster, bat is her hna
"Yes, my dear," said he, meekly..
"Don't yes wish I eould dress this
waalmwysp' she asked.e
'"., my deir" he sepuied; "bet It's
as beemeg I do wlaeh y daarulig ~tat
you h ad )1ee wlahsihpt was thelyat
THE CIRO UIT RI#DER.
A Country Clearyma's RperteeMs tty y
'There Is no period in my ministerial
life, and I have seen sixty-one years in a
the service, that rejoices my recollec- v
tion as does that period of itineracy, a
during my first years in the work, a
when I sat in the saddle of the circuit ii
rider," said Rev. James Erwin, ). D.,
"Our ministers of to-day wodfid be f
ill-fitted to endure the fatigue and e
hardships which we were called upon v
to endure in thoe days," said he. b
"Our circuits were often four hundred v
and five hundred miles long, and It -
took us a month to get around the cir- a
cuit, preaching a sermon every day in 1
the year and three sermons on Sunday. p
Our sermons were greatest and broad- a
est when measured lengthwise. Our r
plan for the circuit called for thi- a
ty-eight sermons, and this, of course, t
necessitated much repetition News a
traveled slowly in those days, and we t
were not afraid of criticism. Some- i
times three sermons were the only r
stock taken for a whole month's jour- t
ney, but they were added unto at every g
place and modified and made better as a
we went along. We had a wonderful 1
faculty of selecting texts for our ser- d
mons The same sermon was preached a
from many texts .A sermon could be s
improved by repetition. We were con- c
tinually in theeaddle from one month's a
end to the other, except when we I
stopped to refresh ourselves or to a
preach. We were always cordially re- d
ceived everywhere, and the best in the I
house, and that was such as we would t
call rather plain fare now, was a
placed at our disposal. We would I
call at one place in the morning, eat r
a hearty met preach a sermon,
bold a class meeting In the evening, I
catch what sleep we could, and start on I
our way again as early as possible in
the morting. No matter what the 1
weather, we had to makeour circuit,
for the people depended on us and 1
would gather at our stopping place
from miles around to await our coming
'and get the news. The circuit rider I
was the most speedy and reliable mail I
service of the day. Upon our plan or c
schedule were the names of places and I
people with whom we were expected to c
stop, and at whose houses, usually log I
cabins, we were expected to preach. 1
Here the people gathered and waited 1
for us. Our sermons were usually ana
hour and a half or two hours long, but
those who came to hear us never tired
of them, though the sermons, especial- I
ly if we had repeated them a good many I
times, sometimes tired us.
" "Many times we did not stop at the
places put upon the schedule because of
special invitation, but we always went I
to the house allotted to us to preach 1
and to see if there were any noticesleft
there for weddings or funerals. Some1
times bridal couples would meet us at i
the house and would be married there,
though such were exceptional instances. 1
If there was a notice of a funeral we
were expected to leave our circuit and
cut across country to the house, some
times thirty miles or so, to perform the I
Sbrial rite, leaving the station to be
supplied by some local preacher.
Though people could time their mar
riages so that we could serve them,
people could not so time th deaths.
We had to go to the graves i great
Idistances, through rain a• snow,
through mud and rivers, that those
whose friends desired them to have a
Christian burial might do so.
"After the burial we would again
rmount and get bek to our circuit as
soon as possible. Although our hard.
ships were not few, we usually enjoyed
ourselves and we had many blessed
times overtaken in a snow squall or a
rain storm, or we stopped by a rites
which had overflowed its banks. But I
Swasnever delayed in my travels, though
many were. I was always fortunate
t enough to get some farmer to ferry me
over the stream, and then I would get
Sahorse on the other side and go on.
One night I was overtaken in a great
storm and had to stay out in the woods
Sall night. Hundreds of times I have
Sbeen so chilled through that I have had
to be lifted from my hese Then I
would get a good rubbing, a warm meal
Sand would preach one of the best see
mons of my life. I can never speak of
those times without becoming awak.
ened and feeling a new life within me
"A wonderful bffeetion usually
sprang up between the cicuit rider and
1his horse. Many times I have satarted
t out with only twenty-re cents in my
pocket and no placeon my plan where
I could stop and get anything to est.
j In those cases would stop at some inn
I and let my horse have something to
eat while I went all day long fasting.
Sometimes we would come to a mire in
Sthe road in the woods, and the hom
Swould get stuck. Then we would have
to dismount, get a rail or stick of some
kind and pry him out. we knew
that we were coming aire, we
would dismount and let horse get
sacros alone, and then make our way
to the other side as best we could.
At our stations we gave our
horses the best care we eould,
thonugh we oftentimes were obliged
to let them stand in a woodshed.
SThen one neighbor would bring in a
bandle of hay, another would fetch a
few ears of coru, and another would
supply something else. We cerault
riders were clothed ma mtsk the asm
wayour horses were fad. Ifour eloth
lug became seedy we would get a pair
1of pntaloons cu oe place a vstat
Sthe aext stetiou, and a east farther a.
Our l ar ws awa in 'store ar.' It
was very seldom that we saw a bit d
money. A muarmieeatlt rkler auslly
had what wn caled a rest week.'
That meem that beonld stay with hi
eapy thre days e edt them th
SThte ret t the aothle weaa the
road, sad weald aet msee his ·aill
Sagain itR he ha easabced his elw
cult I have slept many ame with
two or three ineesb elf -t r ca my
--The' is sia, munea the milliner
a wheshald d, a maethat ea be
a wofrulesoy pet uat 4 A.h, asadeId
W wagedr**em the 4aulmmed edle4 tgOl
A PECUUAIIR TOWIN.
.s_ sL s se.msee t s f te lwt-e .
By day the toxwn of Mexico presents
a very unique appearance, for, from
whatever point of view chosen, the
avenues are shut in by the serrated
mountains surrounding the whole val
The straight wide streets, running in
parallel lines from north to south and
from east to west, make it look modern
enough, but, for all that, the old white
wpshed houses, the only architectural
beauties of which are the numerous
windows with projecting balconies,
give the whole place a superannuated
appearance. These houses are always
built in four blocks, with one or two
patios or spacious court yards On two
sides of this patio there is generally a
narrow veranda or some projecting ma
soary, which serves as a pro
tection from the rain, and en
ablts the oceupant to reach dry-shod
the wide staircase with high stone steps
leading to the upper rooms. These
, rooms, which are mostly paved with
tiles instead of planks, open on to a
gallery running round the court, with
'a balustrade at a convenient height for
leaning against, which balustrade is
decked with numerous pots of flowers
and shrubs. The first story alone is
used to live in, the ground-floor being
occupied by shops, magazines, or
stables The better houses are built of
freestone, whilst the poorer tenements
consist of a material known as tmyg
daloi4,. which is a variety of porous
trap or basaltic rock of a reddish color,
the blocks being bound together with
cement or sand. Some buildings have
Swalls of great thickness, three feet or
The foundations of most of the houses
being laid in water or in marshy flats,
L they have no cellars, and are really
great cubes of masonry kept in place by
their own weight.
From the first thing in the morning
i the streets are full of traffic; richly
dressed horsemen, hired carriages,notsy
carts with unoiled wheels, drawn by
four, six or eight mules, troops of don
I keys and mules loaded with all manner
of packages, jostle each other in the
I roadway. Water-carriers, or agnadors,
completely clad in leather, and wear
y ing a kind of jockey-cap also of leather,
besiege the public fountains, carrying
I two huge amphore kept in place by
straps, which cross on the head over a
Spalm-leaf cap with leather visor.
Indian men and women pass to and
fro screaming out in ear-splitting
tones the names of what they have to
sell, fruits, vegetables, chickens, etc,,
e carrying everything on their backs in
i wicker-work baskets, fastened on to
t their shoulders like soldiers' knapsacks,
but supported by a leather thong passed
t across the forehead beneath the broad
brimmed straw sombreros, or worn just
t under the arms across the chest.
, Street boys follow the psesers-by,
i breathlessly shouting out the names of
j the daily papers and the numbers of
I the last tickets of the Loteria Nacional,
or National Lottery. You pause an in
e stant, you give a silver coin..... lhor
e ror of horrors, you have been noticed,
and you are immediately surrounded
by twenty beggars of all ages, followed
by dozens of mangy yellow dogs,
which appear from every side, and in
I piteous tones you are implored, "For
the sake of Jesus, Joseph. and Mary,
e senor, give a dole, a little dole. Oh,
a dear little friend [amiguite]. God and
your sweetheart will reward you!"
n Harper's Weekly.
Knowledge of the true inwardness of
a jewelry seems to be more than we can
compass. From the highest bred of us
I to the lowest we give no evidence of
understanding its real meantaing or mis
e slon. Even the drens-reformers so vinile
e and just when on the topic of hygiene,
misconceive altogether the sesthetice
L question, and see in the use of jewelry
6 only the frivolity to which its misuse
i has asenstomed them.
There is just as much utility in a
d jewel rightly placed as there is in a
hat. It is an organic part of the gsa
1 ment, and the garment is incomplete
Swithout it. In use it lnds areason f
Sbeing, and it needs no apology and
r brooks no contempt
SJewels, in the sense of whieh the
7 writer mentions them, are made sueh
Sby their palition. Commonly by fewels
d we mean a cut gem, bat any ornsment
j that serves where a gem may serve is a
SJeweL This is the generic nsnse of the
. word and the one which pmast be con
" sidered by esthetics. If one is to exer
Scise taste concerning them it esa only
r* be done by judging them from the
Sstandpoint of use. By this interpret
Stion a rosette may be a jewel, sad sc
may £ bow.
' A garaient may and should be jeweled
wherever there is a fastening or Tegt~.
Simate fold center, and whatever Orna
ment is used to fasten a fold or mrae a
Scenter or fasteulng is Jewel, tf it is na
Lmore than a knot.
r Whenever folds or parts are detainead
the eye demands the eas.e of their de
Steation. Though ewing alone smighi
L hold them, this does not stisfy the eye
SThe eye seelks a visible restrat; do
Smands that the lisa shall alow ow
f rom somethghtama not from aething
Or, pltit this way: Ther is no gath
wring of folds or iaeutogether witheul
a euse. This eumselises at th eate
r the radiation. Tbhreye issled thither
it by the imaes sad expeetain lad some
S. tthere: if not therthe eye dis_
applaoted; If there itlad epem Th
is a law of art, sad this ebeet is
Sewel T. btttam wiok slae a
waist sea jewels If a eiose-slttmn
waeisb without bttoms or viib
amsad iofasr tog une tss re sa-so
SsnrplamticsI fold or telsin,=- -
D -They WOeld All be 7here.-"Ar4
there many mn umeeasipysde Ia thi
tower "I oda',' heetr. If yeI .du
, wait an to-sem iR tetll you.-'
e"aow wil yea houw ws-eimw
-aM '-rheagi te )alsarsse'v*ementser
It a* th*s*** Cats-s ate u aideing - lb
tr*sat"- i. ~. Iri.
COLOR OF HUMAN BLOOD.
Its lehasis of Tint Useally Yales It'
oerdbts to Lrss Cpsdety.
Having recently examined a large
number of specimens of human blood
from persons of different ages, ranging
from four to seventy-sinx years, some
being those in robust health, others
being tubereulose, a eorrespondatwas
struck with the great difternee in the
shade of color presented, some being of
a very rich tint, others very pale He
says: "The richest color wus in the
blood of a girl twenty-six years of age.
a graduate of Vassar college, who had
the highest anthropometrle measure
ment for respiratory capaeity in a clas
of about five hundred girls
"Her health was excellent, and she
consumed rather more flesh food than
is usuaL The next highest tint was
found in the blood of a woman about
seventy years old, with a somewhat
unusual chest measurement, having
also excellent respiratory capacity and
being in fine health. This woman, on the
contrary, does not eat flesh at all. I
expected in her ease to end a more
than ordinary number of white blood
corpuscles, but there were far less than
usual, it being difficult to ind them,
they were so few. The palest blood
was from a chlorotle Irish servant girl
of twenty-five years and in a tubereu
lose boy of four. There was not much
perceptible differences i their esses
"The girl had naturally good respira
tory power, but she had lessened it by
tight clothing and an almost" constant
indoor life for a long time. After
spending a month at the seaside I ex
amined her blood again and foend the
tint somewhat deeper than before. As
we know the color of the blood is
caused by the hemoglobin iw the red
blood corpuscles, and if this is greater
when the respiratory espacity is great
est may dot the color of the blood li
heightened by enlarging the chest and
Increasing the lg power? From
some -observations I have made I be
lieve it can."-Selenee.
His Rsee Is os a slow but Graalt DO.
cune In New agIsasd's Populauts.
The colored race does not increase
rapidly in New England. Rhode Island
is the only New England state where
the colored people were in 1890 over S
per cent. of the population. Even there
the colored population has, secording
6 to the census, fallen of from 1.49 per
cent. of the population in ibt0 to 9.91
t percent. in 1890. In Connectieut in
the same period the percentage
declined from 9.07 to 1.T7. In Maine
the colored population in 1800 was
less than a quarter of 1 per cent. a
decline for the decade, but a slight,
scarcely a perceptible, gain as com
pared with 1880. The same is true of
New Hampshire and Vermont, where
colored people make up only .18 per r
cent and .80 per cent. respectively of
In Massachusetts they were in 1389
i 1.05 per cent of the population. against
.91 in 1850. In Maesachustte, as in all
-other New Englsad states, however,
their percentage declined during the
present deede. The census enumera
i tors found 38,5s0 colored- people in
I Massachusetts in 1890. 1,838 in Maine,
SI 90 In New Hampshire, 1,004 in Ver
i mont, 7.841 in Rhode Island and 19L%6
in Connecticut. There is no lndiastion
of the forcing of the color line in New
England polities in these figure, but
Stere is, on the other hand, the sag
- gestion of a physically deeadentjcaes.
or at least one that is not holding its
own in its social isolation.-Boston
ase Mar Cat.
A barn clways looks eieek and
f fat and obtains ts own living by ateh
. ing rats and mice. House eats arm
a usually fed so abundantly that they
d have never been known to catch a
,. mouse, and about the only thing the
e were ever known to catch was the
; canary bird. Notwithstanding tbs
e act, they are allowed to lie, simply
y because they know no better, and are
e themselves pets. A good astir, eat
that wil spend most of its time about
a the barn buildingsa ridding them of
a mies and other vermin, is wbth at
. least five dollars per year to aty farm
a er. All famiies of eats s not goed
,r mousers, but when you ass able to ob
d tain one of a fnmnly that is, tal it to
the bara, provide nalso war pla
e for it tosleep, and take it foedelt lt
h feels quite at homna Should $iib to
, the house esrry It beek, and after a
t time drive it to the bar if It *gaents
a the house, and it will soo learn that
e thebern isits home, and remai thlker
o. eatching its living abonut the billding
- nad elds.-Arnerlsan Agrienlturist
" Little Boy--I sha'd thinkthee"thes
i sand-legs" bOgs w ld starve or some
S"They've got to heunt for tCblgs to
eat, same as other bugs. haven't they?'
, "Well, I don't se how they an keep
all those legs gl' an' think of say
4 -thing else."-Good News.
A Theyw mer TwarwUs.
"I have jst been readina intere.
estl.t of two men who wore t
in the whde l hle hatlg.
stid the tifuMls-eehidns. "Wer
you em erlost, Mr. TubbR?"
"When I first msaw you I waset lhto
Sdmiration, sad I may add tatIl bes
not suinee bsee beuad.-k-a-st OlGe
SThe Pollee MagStrblsl-Why 4. yoe
Sthilak this breell ria 1ught n by a
'i disauslsoptn polittial teauems
lte 08h - f4ee"' b eard dis* 00ty,
~yearhomer. One m asasT" rI'
e ,a' the other ses 'r5 sesrt@ ta'
a hrsae-thiel " san'- teym R-.s.ChL
len eir i" l~'"~~~;
ml io 68ci~iiii 4 ·
1Wsn-.~n . ... i.lc