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The Banner-Democrat. (Lake Providence, East Carroll Parish, La.) 1892-current, January 20, 1894, Image 1

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VOLUME VI. LAKE PROVIDENCE, EAST CARROLL PARISH, LA., SATURDAY, JANUARY 20, 189. - ., ...:i:+,:i
,,. ... ,q ,,=, .,, ,,;+, 
BABY DOROTHY.
eYou look as wise,
I think that you
Knew some streage things beyond ar view.
Your steadfast eyes,
So calm and clear,
have neither doubt, distrust nor fear.
You have an sir
Profoundly sure
That all sweet mercies will endure
That bright and fair
All things must be
Por little baby Dorothy.
So crystal clear
Your lambent eyes,
I thiak that good and pure and wise
Things must appear
Beholden through
Such limpid, shialng spheres of blue.
And bhece the world
Tlyour calm gaze
Is beajtift. With golden days;
a&d all impearled
With purity
Is life to baby Dorothy.
But stay. a tear,
A trembling lip
W t frightful storm has wreeked loSr sht
What ghostly fear
Or vast distress
m eleuded o'ee yoear eomelineass
Awiy, great beast,
or sCeotor grim!
'1tR to winlad seraphim
tairy feasti
A shame as thee
i b frighten baby Dorothyl
A dimspled cheek
A laughing eye,
Sdreadfut afrl h h uas urtled by:
But far to seek
Is that sage air
Of saiaty wisdom, calm and fair.
A sege or saint
It seems you're not,
at irt a datinty human tot
A breolous, quaint,
/ . Sweet prodigy:
Dear, darling baby Dorothy
-*David L Proudat, in Century Magaine
SHE MADE HIS FORTUNE.
Tbhe roolutive That Brought SBu
-, to Capt. HelL
The way to the ferry was down a
gentle bill, and passengers for the boat
could be seen for a minute before they
arrived at it. The approach of most of
them was viewed with indifference by
Theodore Hall, the young captain who
took the fares. It was only when Julia
Amerdon appeared and tripped toward
the ferry with graceful steps that his
nyes became filled with admiration and
Lis heart began to beat in an excited
manner.
Every morning but two In the week
Julia crossed the broad river to attend
a young ladies' seminary on the oppo
site shore; and during each of the five
mornings the happiest moment for
young Hall was when her fair fingers
dropped a ticket or three pennies into
his sturdy hand.
It was the custom of the girl to greet
the captain with a pleasant 'W"ood
morning," but they vcry seldom con
versed. Yet both had always lived on
the same street in the village.
What was the cause of so much reti
cence? They belonged in different
grades of society. Julia was the only
daughter of a rich man. The family
occupied an imposing mansion sur
rounded by beautiful grounds. Both
parents claimed descent from distin
guished people, and noteworthy per
sonages, such as judges and colonels,
accompanied by their aristocratic
wives, often came from the cities to
visit them. They were kind to their
humble neighbors, but crushed all at
tempts at familiarity by assuining a
distant and superior demeanor. Theo
dore Hall, on the other hand, was the
son of a poor widow and lived in a lit
tie, unpretentious house. His father
had been a shiftless carpenter who
drank a good deal His mother was a
most worthy woman, but uneducated.
She had earned a living for herself and
her son after her husband's death by
taking in sewang. Theodore received a
eommoe-adbool educaetion, but ast the
age of ftorteen be decided that his
mother had done enough for him. In
hfewe s he was able to support both
himself rd his mother in% comfortable
manner.
They were both entitled to mush as
ispeeteaud thley received it. Nevertheless,
the ei'cua tnees inevitably ersed Mr.
Sanid Mrs Asmerdoa towar their saugh
ter not to allow yoag Hail to ealt
vate her aqeglatniae. It happened
that Julas hersef was proad and ambi
tios. The advtise of her prets cola
cida with her own inelinatim, al
though lia her secret heart she admired
'apt Hall beeuse he was so pleassat
sad so manly. he firmly adhered to
that part of her social mreed which
ualsred her tmhat it was not desirable
feehe to show interest in any yo-ag
men eeepat those who belonged to
*good *ailkles," so called, and enjoyed
all the advantages of cultivated so
Hail was well tware of Julia's ari
toetatie predileetioma, and yet tin bhis oc
easional e;osdesnt moments he dared
hope that abe might like him, rem
berln h.tbhergreetings had ever been
kiadly, aithough she had diseouraged
his attelag to talk to her at length
The day esame when Miss Amerdon
was to-graduate from the seminary.
The closing eaerels were to begin at
two o'eklek in the afternoon. At one
p m. Julia arrived at the ferry, not on
foot, as sual, but in the handsome
family carriage, a finely-clothed coeb
man oeeupying the elevated seat in
front and holding the lines that uided
a span of horses. Julta herself was a
rayed in white and her feet were ea
cased in deainty kid slippers. 8he were
no bonet; so that the whole of her
shapely head, with its wavy brown
treese, could be seen. Her chee~
were slightly flashed, unwonted en
citemeunt gave her an cnimatioa that
charmingly enhanced her beauty.
Trembling, Capt. Hall approached
her to do the most daring act of his
ifa Qiikly, so as not to attract the
latttion of seersl men who stood t
one end of the buat he exteanded
towag4 her a quite small but verj'
eIl esaI. leon gsadu artae," he sid,
ys willin weppt these
shul~dl aba.a
be the eRect of her wot'dson the younl
man, she waved her hand for him to
withdraw the bouquet and hastily ex
claimed:
"I cannot take these flowers from
you."
Had a dagger been thrust into Hall's
side, he could not have felt more pain.
He said not a word, but as he turned
away from the carriage he almost stag
gered. He doubted not that she had in
tended to be cruel, and his pride was
wounded to the quick.
When he went home at night he was
'filled with conflicting emotions. Now
he condemned himself for being fool
Ish and presumptuous, anon he cen
sured Julia for being impolite and
cruel But the most important result
of his cogitation' was that he resolved
that he would work day and night to
acquire wealth and influence, and that
he would yet show Miss Amerdon that
it was no common man whom she had
unfeelingly repelled.
Fifteen years later Theodore Hall
again stood on the ferry boat, not as
its captain, but as a passenger. He
had spent fifteen years in a distant
city, where he had met with remark
able success in business, and where he
hat become a highly-honored citi;en
who moved in the best social circles.
For the first time since his departure
he had returned to his birthplace.
It rained hard and there were but
few passengers. He entered the ladies'
cabin and found only one person, a
woman. She wore a plain black dress
and looked careworn. She raised her
eyes It was Julia. lie stepped to
ward her eagerly and asked:
"Do you remember me?"
Julia's cheeks flushed as she arose to
greet him. She was still an unusually
beautiful and graceful woman, al
though bitter disappointments and
hard trials had given her face an anx
ious and sad expression.
"I feared that you would not remem
ber me," she said falteringly. "I could
not have blamed yon had you passed by
without recognizing me."
"I have not forgotten, but I have for
given."
"You are magnanimous," she replied,
as the tears came to her eyes "I never
felt so unworthy as I do now."
"I beg you not to feel so any longer.
As time passed and I gained in knowl
edge of the world I came to the con
clusion that in your girlish surprise
you spoke unthinkingly and did not
mean to give me a cruel wound. Then,
too, I acknowledged, in view of all the
circumstances, that my act was a rash
one."
"I certainly did not mean to hurt
your feelings deeply," she earnestly re
plied. "Immediately after I had spoken
I was heartily ashamed of myself. I
took no pleasure in the graduating ex
ercises. I was very unhappy through
out the day. I knew I ought to send
you an apology, but I was too proud to
do it. You remember the foolish,
aristocratic notions I then cherished.
I have been bitterly punished for them.
To-day I take in sewing for a living,
as your poor mother did, after having
been divorced from my aristocratic but
unscrupulous husband, who spent in
riotous living the large fortune wich
my parents left me."
"I head the story of your misfor
tunes. t longed to see you once again.
Accordingly I have returned to my old
home principally for the purpose of
meeting you."
Julia was surprised and agitated.
"You are very good," she murmured.
"Have you no warmer feeling thast
gratitude?" he eagerly asked, as he
bent his face toward hers
Julia turned away, but he grasped her
hand and detained her.
"Listen to me." he continued. "Your
words gave me great pain, but they also
made a man of me. I vowed that I
would rise in the world and show you
that I was somebody. From that day I
strove to succeed, and I am sure that I
have accomplished more than I would
have done had-not the sting of your
words urged me to renewed action
when I felt weary and discouraged.
To-day I am wealthy and honored. I
owe my present advantages principally
to the incentive which you furnished."
"I am glad if my folly has resulted ln
some good, sad I rejoice in your so
cess.
"Will yon not share in that suecess
to which you have so greatly contrib
ated?"
There was something so odd in the
unexpected turn the conversation ha4
taken that even sad-hearted Jalk
smiled faintly. Then, too, a joyoud
hope began to take root in her heart
"As you put the question," she re
plied, "I am unable to give you an abso
lutely unfavorable answer."
"Make it entirely favorable at once,"
cried the impetuous suitor.
"I wilL I cannot doubt that you
love me, even after all that has hap
pened; and as for myself, I can now
confess that you would have been my
first choice had I not permitted the
pride of station to harden my heart
against your youthful endeavors to win
my favo'."
Theodore looked around. There was
no one in sight, and he ventured to kiss
for the first time the only woman whom
he had ever loved.
At this moment the rattle of a wind
lass made it evident that the boat had
croesed the river and was being chained
to the dock.
Mr. Hall and his future bride walked
to the cabin door; he raised a large
umbrella. and arm in arm they left the
"at.-J. A. Bolles, in Boston Budget
TakiLn Preenasteas.
"Walter," said the guest, "bring me
aome maushrbomso"
"Single or double price?"
"*What do you give with the douable
price order?"
"Au iasuranee policy, sir."--Wash
--Capillary Attwctiom.-- o other a
lanatlom then that her hAtr staraoted
.is could be Rhna by Newark yeumg
-as who was e~ugbt while trola to
seimora trees fros thqehebad.#r.g
ev - .1roi~ eairdt7 :isc i~
FOREIGN GOSSIP.
-The mourners at Persian funerals
are s:pplied with little wads of cottoni
which are used to wipe away their
tears. The cotton is afterward squeesed
and the tears are bottled and preserved.
They are supposed to possess restora
tive qualities in case of fainting.
-A Hindoobaby is named when it is
twelve days old and Ustilly by the
mother. Sometimes the father wishes
for another nam than that selected by
the mother. In that case two lamps
are placed over the two names, and the
name over which the lamp burns the
brightest is the one given the child.
-The vicar of Hoxton has startled
his district by pronouncing for dis
establishment State control is irk
some to him, but beyond that he said
it would be impossible to determine,
before the fetters of the state were re
moved, whether the church was "the
bride of Christ or of the aristocracy."
-The Hungarian crown worn at
their accession by the emperors of Aus
tria as kings of Hungary as the identi
cal one made for Stephen, and used at
his coronation over eight hundred
years ago. The whole is of pure gold
(except the settings), and weighs nine
marks six ounces (almost exactly four
teen pounds).
--The odd little paper weights, cups,
seals, trays, bowls, teapots, animal
figures, idols and knickknacks in soap
stone of various colors which travelers
bring from China are made, for the
most part, from the output of mines
near Wenchow. The white, jade color
and "frozen" are considered the finest
and bring high prices. There are two
thousand miners and carvers at these
mines.
-Next to Paris, Lyons and Mar
seilles, Bordeaux is the most populous
town in France. Though during the
last ten years the population has in
creased by about thirty thousand per
sons. this increase has been almost en
tirely cldue to the imniigration from the
neighboring rural districts and from
foreign countries, for in late years the
number of births in this town has been
less than that of deaths.
-The largest river is the Amazon. It
rises sixty miles from the Pacific ocean
and traverses the whole width of the
continent, a distance of 4.090 miles. It
is navigable for large-sized ships 2,900
miles from its mouth. In the last 800
or 400 miles of its course its width is so
great that from one shore the opposite
bank is invisible. The strength of its
current carries its fresh waters a dis
tance of more than 200 miles out to sea.
-A Japane.se wedding would appear
to be a melancholy affair. When the
bride is told of the prospect she is ex
pected to howl loudly and long. After
she has been richly dressed for the
event she must renew her shrieks un
til one of the attendants throws a veil
over her face. Then an old hag takes
her on her back and places her in a
sedan chair. When she arrives at the
bridegroom's house she is a wife, the
situple ride in the flowery chair being
the only ceremony required.
-Everything passes away, and now
the picturesque is vanishing from
Turkey, a country which is neverthe
less strongly attached to the old Arab
calendar and even the Greek calendar
and adopt the one in use in western
countries. This measure has long been
contempl ted-since 1888 at Constan
tinople-but up to the present time the
authorities have hesitated. But the
alteration was dclmanded by the
financiers of Europe, and the Otto
mans were obliged to make the change.
r-The British government has just
paid forty thousand dollars through
the unwarrantable liberality of James
I. in giving away something which did
not belong to him. In 1391 a ro al
gold cup given to CharlesVL of France
by the Due de Berry came to England
in return for. money loaned to the
French king to carry on war. One day
James I. personally gave this national
treasure to a Spanish ambassador. The
latter gave it to a convent, and the
abbess sold it to Baron Pichon in Paris
in 188. It has now been boughtby the
British museum for eight thouswand
pounds.
VIEWED BY SLANTING EYES.
ChiLnams Wmoandetsr as the CuasteLms ad
5)sm of Wrestera Nat...
From an article in a Moscow paper
with the unpronouncable name of
Vvestnikt Yevropy, it appears that the
inhabitantsof the celestial empire take
a very great interest in the doings of
the people of Europe. Books on Euro
peans form quite a branch of Chinese
literature; their diplomatsand savdnts,
as well as those who travel for pleasure
and business, furnish all kinds of in
formation to their fellow-countrymen,
who read it with avidity.
The first to betray their curiosity in
this respect were the inhabitants of
the rich city of Canton; they were de
sirous to know something about those
who were able to so so much toward
trade and gain so much money.
Several successive wars, which have
all ended badly for the Chinese, have
increased their desi:e to know more
about the western races, with there
suilt that th Chinese public is suffer
ing from an embarrassment of riches
in the way of books and pamphlets
concerning us.
It han occurred to a certain Shea
Eni-Shen to summarize all this liter
atnre in one volume; he has accord
ingly published a book of information
concerning western manners and cus
toms, financiaetl matters,edueP·tl%, etc.,
etc., which enjoys great popularity in
China. Chapter X. of this work deals
with popular eustomus; it is from- this
chapter that we take the follow~a:
Our dress is mentioned irst. They
aotle6 that on festive ocession oar
ladies drems in white, whereas in China
white is a sign of morainfg. Long
dresses they do not ndrasr t; the
Chiaee lady eo uld uot be abi to dim
play her mall feet t such robes
silkr oareeton'-i. paes thelvessiapa.
.q·bp~ trhhuqm ~ ' w~
and mother are called by the children
grandfather and grandmother, and
that her brothers and sisters are uncles
and atnts. In China the wife's relations
do not count.
The relations between the sexes are
equally incomprehensible. The young
women "speak to the young men, and
sometimes a young woman will actual
ly speak to several young men at the
same time. The young men and women
walk together in the streets, sit togeth
er in shady corners, and even dance to
gether with their arms around each
other," which shocks the Chinaman
who stays in his own country.
In Europe a man must not smoke
when talking to a lady unless he asks
permission. In China ladies smoke just
like the gentlemen.
The master of the house always
walks forward to meet his guests, who
shake hands with him and thank him
for the invitation. In China, however,
the host shakes his own hands, and
when he invites people to dinner he
just looks round to see that all is ready
and shuts himself up in his room.
We western people do not pay enough
attention to funeral ceremonies and
forms. In the celestial empire the
choice of a burial place and finding of
suitable wood for a coffin occupy the
leisure thoughts of the people for years.
They think a good deal of our thea
ters, and admire the ballets; the or
ganization and cleanliness of our pub
lic baths also excite their admiration.
On the other hand, they are filled
with indignation at the way we treat
newspapers when we have read them.
The celestials have a great regard for
printed paper, and burn it in furnaces
destined for that purpose, the ashes
being dropped into the sea or deposited
at the bottom of the river. There are
even special societies for the collection
of waste printed paper, and to see that
it is properly disposed of.-Boston
Globe.
BRAVERY OF THE TURKS.
A Regiment That Fulflled a Command
That Was Fraught with Peril.
The accounts given by the pilgrims
of the way in which cholera attacked
them are terrible in their grim fatal
ism. "On June 24, two days before
the Courban Bairam, upward of ten
thousand Mussulmans, Arabs, Turks
and Indians bad gatheredon the sacredl
mount to hear the solemn address
which is delivered to those who wish
to become Hadji. Many of these peo
ple were in the most wretched condi
tion and some had not even a loaf of
bread."
It was here that the disease appears
to have struck them like a blast of a
poisoned wind. When next day the
onward movement to the holy city
began it was found that the ground
was strewn like a battle-field with
the dead and dying, and so terribly
virulent was the type of infection thus
engendered that it was, says the ac
count, "impossible for any living
creature to approach the place."
The authorities seem, however, to
have realized that something must be
done, and that the bodies could not be
left to rot. Accordingly, a Turkish
regiment wassent to perform the work
of burial and to remove any of the pil
grims who still lived. Never did troops
in the heat of battle receive a com
mand more fraught with peril. The
risk, as it proved, was literally great
er than that of facing machine guns,
and the moral effect more terrible.
There are ten men who will face death
by bullets to one who will face death
by cholera. Yet these Turkish sol
diers, with the fatalistic courage of
their race, obeyed as they obeyed at
Plevna.
"The battalion when it reached the
mount was seven hundred strong. After
the work had been done two hundred
men only remained to go back to the
coast. Five hundred of the soldiers
had died of cholera." That is, nearly
three-quartersof the regiment perished
in the work of buriaL No doubt En
glish troops would have ddne.the same,
but they would have been upheld by
many considerations-by religious feel
ing and by the instinct of mercy, and
they would, moreover, have been well
led.
The Turkish troops probably felt the
sense of pity very little, and their offi
cers were almost certainly men withf
anything but a high sense of conduct.
They acted merely from the most naked
sense of the duty of not flinching at a
command. It was an order givenfrom
afar and from above, and that and fate
are to them all one.-London Specta
tor.
QUEER VISIl NG-OARDS.
The Novel Use to Which a S1peces of
Cactus Is Put ia Suth Aflrica.
Many are the uses to which the caetus
is put, but one of the queerest is that
which prevails in Cape Town, South
Africa, where cactus leaves are made
to serve the purpose of visiting-cards
r might occur to the reader that a
package of thick leaves, covered with
prickly spines, would not be easily ac
commodated in an ordinary card-case.
The leaves 1f the special kind of
eactus used for this purpose are not
very prickly, however, and, further
more, these unique cards are not car
ried about, but are left growing on the
plant, which stand at the foot of the
front steps.
When a lady calls, she has only to
take a hat-pin from her bonnet and
scratch her name on the glossy sur
face of one of the leaves, while a gen
tleman accomplishes the same end
with a sharp penknife. The lines thus
sratched turn silver white, and re
main elear and distiact on the leaf for
years.
On New Year's day these cactas
eards are particalarly convenient, and
popular hostemses often appropriate a
large branch of their cactus plant to
the registry of visits weesived ea that
There is one ecta4s. whisch is not es
peelally plentiful, which not only has
smoaoth laves, but uas spines so - large
and stiff that they ibake excellent
s and vihetors anre saved even the
elight tr.rblseof trawing out a hat
setsor a pesakhfe.it1khts f(omans
LONG LIFE ON THE BENCH.
Instasaees of Lonfevity FrFmihed by the I
Supreme Coaet. -
The supreme court furnishes some
interesting instances of active longevl* e
ty. Justice Blatchford who died re- e
cently, was 73 years old, but he
was in active possession of his mental
faculties up to the time of his death.
His father, R. M. Blatchford, had a
record no less interesting. He was ifi
the diplomatic service at 65 and was I
commissioner of public parks in New
York city at 74. Roger B. Taney, chief
justice of the supreme court, remained i
on the bench until he was nearly 88 i
years old. He was appointed chief I
justice at the age 58. He began an au
tobiography at the age of 77, but did a
not finish it. Chief Justice Marshall,
who served from 1800 to 1835 on the su- 1
preme bench, was 80 years old
when ill-health compeled him a
to leave Washington. He died in
that -year (1885). He was a
delegate to the convention for revising i
the state constitution of Virginia when
he was 74 years old, and, it is said, that i
though he did not' speak often in the ]
convention, when he did speak he
showed that his mind was as clear and
his reasoning as solid as in his younger
days. Chief Justice Waite, who died
five years ago. remained on the supreme 1
bench to the last, though he was 7"
years old when he died. Justice Strong,
who is still living in Washington, re
tired from the supreme bench in 1880 I
at the age of 7. Noah H. Swayne,
who died in 1884, retired from the su
preme bench in 1881 at the age of 77.
Only one of the present members of
the supreme court is more than 70
years old. This one is Justice Field,
who reached the age of 7Q seven years
ago.
Sev ral of the presidents have re
mained in active politics after retire
ment from the White House. Buchanan
was.elected president at 66 and retired
at the age of 70. Tyler was a member
of the provisional confederate congress
at the age of 71. John Adams, at 85
years of age, was a delegate to the con
vention for revising theconstitution of
Massachusetts. John Quincy Adams
was elected to congress by the anti
Mason party when he was 64; and he
remained in congress for seventeen
years. He died in the hall of the house.
James Monroe retired from the presi
dency at 67; was a regent of the uni
versity of Virginia with Madison and
Jefferson at 68, but declined to serve
as an elector from Virginia at 70 on the
ground that an ex-presidentshould not
be a partisan, but afterward acted as
local magistrate, and was a member of
the constitutional convention of Vir
ginia. Andrew Jackson was 70 when
he left the White House. -Washington
Star.
COLLECTING IN FRANCE.
Points of Difference Between the System
There and in This Coustry.
The matter practiced in the collec
tion of debts in France and in the
United States does not differ material
ly save in the collection and the mode
of procedure. The first step which it
is necessary for a creditor in France to
take before he can use legal means to
collect a debt due him is to obtain
judgment against the debtor, which is
rendered by a justice of the peace,
provided the amount does not exceed
forty dollars. The defendant is re
quired to appear in court on a certain
day and arrange for a settlement of
the account and pay a part or whole of
it, or show cause why.
If this arrangement is not made the
defendant is a second time summoned
to appear, and should be then flatly re
fuse payment judgment is rendered
against him; the cost of judgment, to
gether with that of the summens, is
defrayed by the plaintif, and a copy of
the former sent to the debtor. He then
has three months' grace to appeal be
fore a civil court the judgmeutalready
handed down. Failing to exereise this
privilege, the matter is put in the
hands of a "hbisier," Whose funetions
partake of those of both the bailiff ad
process-server, but his methods as well
as his prerogatives resemable neither
one nor the other. The husifer, upon
request of the creditor, makes an
abstract statement of the eondltlo
of the debt, the fee for preparing
and serving the same, ,varying accord
ing to the length of the instrument
and not according to the importanee of
the debt; its average cost, however,
may 'be placed at two dollars saod ifty
cents.
In case the debtor ignores the doun
ment an "assignation" is served upon
him, and eight days thereafter his
furniture is seized and placed in the
hands of the huissier. The expense
entailed in the preparation of these
Snotices is defrayed by the creditor, but
if at any moment the debtor agrees to
liquidate in full he is not only re
quired by law to discharge his original
obligation, but to add to it the costs of
the judgment and fees of the huissier.
ether this system is better than the
na pursued in the United States is a
matter of opinion.-Pittsburgh Din
ipatch.
An Appropriate Tet.
Sometimes rare facility has been
shown in the selection of a text; thus,
a Capuchin about to preach in a chureb
at Lydns slipped on the pulpit steps,
falling so ungracefully that a pair of
I brawny legs presented themselves
Sthrough the banister to the gaze of the
startled congregation. Quickly recov.
I ing himself the self-possessed monk
Stook his place in the pulpit and gave
Sout words appropriately chosen from
theGospel for the day: '"Tell the visiona
unto no man"-Temple Bar.
1 he Wsted to ek 3es .
i Late Mistresa-What, Mary! Yoe
zwant to go out to service againa ]
L thought you had settled down with
your husband in a little heIs of your
own.
Sberrvant-Wel. yea'm, so I 'ad. But
Smny 'asbead, he don't'otd 1th whbst he
t cells my blessed hhspespeu, so PI'v
Some to usk yoero akbole 88et*lmin
*I dat 1 rre shaet whos'w~ ei
•'tlvW Ut waVEVi L-4biko
f~iZ~d S L I
RECEDING GUMS,
People Losing Their Teeth from a Cane
hut Little Understood.
"Peopis are losing their teeth from a
new cause nowadays," said a dental
surgeon recently. "It is a complaint
which seems to have become common
only within the last fifteen years or so.
'Recession of the gums' it is called.
Tartar Is deposited at an abnormal
rate, and this carbonate of lime
secreted from the saliva pushes the
gums back from the teeth. After
awhile, if nothing is done to prevent
it, the trouble gets as far as the sock
ets, which become inflamed Finally
the teeth fall out.
"A well-known statesman came to
me fourteen years ago with a bad case
of the disease. Every tooth in his head
was loose, and one of them was so far
gone that I took it between my thumb
and finger and quietly lifted it out.
Within three months I had fixed him
up so that all the rest of his dental
equipment was perfectly solid in his
jaws. It was accomplished simply by
removing the destructive tartar and
preventing it from accumulating again;
also with the aid of a little medicine
applied to the gums. The distin
guished patient of whom Ispeak comes
to me every two or three months and
undergoes a little treatment. In that
way I have been able to keep his teeth
for him thus far.
"It is a very peculiar disease. In a
case so far advanced as the one I have
described it can hardly be cured. That
is to say, the tendency to an accumula
tion of tartar can not be stopped. All
that can be done is to prevent it from
accumulatinf by scraping it away at
intervals and by medical appliea
tions to the gums. In an early
stage, however, the complaint* is
perfectly curable and the tendency
in most eases can be overcome.
But much ease and continued attention
are required. Otherwise the person
will have lost some of his teeth by the
time he is forty years old, and after
that the rest of them will go rapidly.
The making of false teeth has arrived
at great perfection, but at best they
are poor substitutes.
"As I have said, this may be regard
ed as a new disease. At all events it is
only in recent years that it has become
prevalent. It is important that peo
ple's attention should be called to it.
From seven years to twenty carb must
be taken of the teeth lest they decay.
But from that on one should look out
for tartar. A mouth affected in the
way I speak of is almost worse than a
badly-decayed .mouth. The trouble
means certain loss of the teeth unless
looked out for and treated."-Washing
ton Star.
STRANGE SUPERSTITIONS.
Ditrtlets In Which Witches Are 8tili se
garded with the Utmost Respect.
Superstition is by no means a defunct
anomaly in the customs and character
istics of some of our smaller towns or
villages. First .and foremost of west
country superstition comes an entire
and thorough belief in witchcraft.
Every west country village has an old
woman who is a good deal more feared
than the the village policeman.
No one dares to contradict her will
in anything. If she takes a fancy to
the finest cabbage in a man's garden
she may cut it as if it grew in her own.
Though it should be the very pride of
his heart he must not try to stop her
proceedings; if he does a far worse
thing Is sure to befall him. His pig
will be seized with sudden and deadly
sickness, or his daughter's hair -will
fall of, or a 'shower of rain will spoil
his hay just when it is about to be ear
ried. The west country term for a
witeh's power is "overlooking."
If a witch has evil feelings toward
you she is said "to overlook you." One
indubitable sign by which ,you may
know a witch is to bring her into the
church and try to make her stand with
her face toward the east. No real
witch can do it for a moment; however
much she may strive she will stand as
firmly fized as a frozen weathercock.
No west country farmer living near a
witeh will doubt the Anne when his
horses or cattle fall ill.
Next to their belief in witches is their
faith in the power of a seventh son or
seventh daughter to cure diseases. It
is In vain that the clergyman preaches,
that the schoolmaster teaches, that th
parish doctor remonstrates. the west
country matron bears off her slekly
baby in triumph to the man or woman
in the neighboring village who happens
to have been born a seventh son or seev
enth daughter.
These privileged individuals have but
to touch the diseased part and the cure
Is certain and immediate. There are
also some wise women who can cars
various complaints with a charm whieb
they speak over the patient In the
neighborhood of Exmoor these things.
are far more trusted in than all the
medical faculty put together.-Man
chester Mercury.
A Dahblous Compliment.
"I used to think. you were not n man
of your word, Jones, but I've changed
my mind-"
"Ah, you understand me now, friend
Smith. But what led you to change
your mind?"
"You remember that ten dollars yoa
borrowed from me"
"Yes."
"You said if I lent it to you you
would be indebted to me forever."
"Yes."
"Well, you are keeping your word
like a man."-N. Y. Press.
Color Ulla.
Joe-You look blue, old man.
Jim-That's because I was green last
ight.
I "I thought that girl I waated to
marry would treat me white, when I
ought to have known bettsr."'-Detrot
ee Pfreasr
II~rul~
PITH AND PO NT.
-The man who throws s 4esmat
another hurts himselfl--Rafa Heos.
-She-"Did you see my new ht Vt
the theater last night' HIe--"I didn't
use anything else."-Boston Truseript.
-When a man adrerthes that he
wants to buy a "safe" horse for his wift
to drive he means one that will not euSt
more than twenty dollaia.--MlhIOa
Globe.
--"Is he honest, do you think?"
"Honest? Why, that man just asatese
tortures in resisting the impulse to fo
turn a borrowed umbrella."--. Y.
Press.
-The newspapers are foreverspeSk'
Ing of the "blushing beide." Well,
when you reflect upon-the kind of boh
bands not a few of the bridesse ry,
you can not wonder that they blush.-
Roseleaf
-Diamonds are said to be in bad
form in the moraning. Still wehave
known a chap with ive diumomds to be
envied by everyone else at the table
quite early in the morning.-Boston
lJulletin.
-llospitably Received.-Mrs. Pruner
-"Have you got-sequainted in the
church yet?' Mrs. Prim-"Yes, indeed!
I already belong to one of the oldest
factions in it-Plain Dealer."-Detroit
Free Press.
-She--"You abominable man! No
flowers, no reeeption, barely a pleas
ant word-and I have been away eight
weeks!" He-"You are right-I am in
deed an ungrateful wretch!"-Flie
gende matter.
-Robby-"Papa, I ran all the way
up ,Long Hill to-day:" Papa--"And
how did you feel when you reached the
top?" Robby-"I felt just as if I had a
stomachaehe in my feet"-Philadel
phia Reeord.
-"Hello, Stebbins, what are you doing
now?' "T'anltbg for a six-day walk
ing match." "Isn't in om line, is it?"
"Yep; 'tis this year. Trying to collect
some bills eat lohme splig. Same
thing."-N. Y. Reeo,er.
-"Great eodasesl i Sita sattisfied
with his quarteas?" ' "Eo am 't Urat,
but be ia't Mnow" "WHl dosea't he
leave, thea?' "Yew-e. e . irs
too small f~w him rto ,. im
when he's in"-4at .:
-T
--suItsda yla t+ 1,
ws the teye of ......
to geet itwaegg *
the Thpincipe Ci
wtoman to
band. "-Kat
the eye ofa ~
to get into ea
wunt to go to t
fare?" Tiheta
don; youmoo* y
to New P r `
there. The h Y
ton Tanhperip
-Mrs. Wisk ewu
thoep Turbos.
beards?" ) g
-A laoelr I Mi iu l
keep ." :..
sin goadra rk
a poor 9 +aihIll
e celled, ha Its t in ot ri ln
the old lady s snol7 tio
from wipeufrg ma.
sue it wasn'eet sa e Jo ew mith oi
-A little a la bh . he
nurse in Cntiral park the
had the big beare- angel seieh s'
mounts the fountain ae the t e-o
yond the Mall pointed out tor3sad
she was asked if she knew t what It
was: "She has wings, hasn't ashe?
asked the child. "Yes, she has waings,"
replied the nurse. "Well, then," was
the answer, "I guess it must be a lady
Sird."-N. Y. Mail and Express.
SUBJUGATION OF THE DESERT*
I_ ie the ustiwet e
We havea vast doma0 of ard land
which, under sciitioo Irrigation, will
I some day saupport a great population.
The Mormons hare compeled the desert
to produce frnits, gresms had cereals
I in abundance, and Joseph Smith's fol
lowers may justly claim to be the pio
neers in the practice of that sort of
agriculture c a large scale In this
country, though the ancient mission
farms ad vineyards of southern Crai
fornia were, irriga in a crude way.
What the Mormou i dl half a century
Sago and the Spanish missionarwes more
than a century earlier still, the modern
famneors of California, Colorado, Ar
asona, New Mexico an-i half a dozen
other states and territories are now re
peatia. with proft and on a rapidly
- eicAsiag scale, until 8,000,000 acres of
land, comprising 54,000 farms, are now
under irrigation, and the average valuen
of their products ranges fr6am 825 to
al 10 per acre.
i Surprising results are obtained on
theae lands where man is his own rain
I maker, for the soil is of the richest,
a and once the irrigation system is in
operation there is no interruption by
a drought. The magniacept crops -of
corn, alfalfa, wheat and ay obtained,
the wonderful yields of fruit and the
a possibility of uninterrupted psatorage
ftor eattle have given a great impetes
to Irrigation in the far west and the
Snext few years will witness a rapid ea
pansion of the prodnetive area of that
region. Less than one-half of 1 per
cent. of th.e total arid region oa the
country Is nowwndir irrigation, sad
led there are *1618w.@ sres pan
w hlehwater would 11odnoe erogn
Of thee remainlng p. lands, 98 per
or about 543*00,6* a es, are In
ears a..o r-+ ; - i-ng
,.. , . . .-rt e , + . .+. >, .++ .  .. ,..: ,,,_,
.. . . + , ' )-'' + , . -+ .+.. ": + + ,f+

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