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The Banner-Democrat. (Lake Providence, East Carroll Parish, La.) 1892-current, April 17, 1897, Image 1

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VOL.& flfE POIEC l t PRHLAtflX __ jPIL17197
VO.L. IX, LAKE PROVIDENCE, EAST CARROLL PARISH, LA., SATURDAY, APRIL 17, 1897.
WOMiINNrLUENCE
April two ladies were driving along ah
place and its surroundings, for she ob
r
they passed. The other, who drove the
handsome bays with aw unmistakable
ir of proprietorship, w
CHAIPTERI I.
On the afternou n of a day early before,
April two lades were driving along ad
level country road. at
One was evidently a tranger to the
place and its surroundings, for she 01)- fit
served the scenery with curious inter- iof
est, and frequently questiolned her cor- T
panion about the persons antree sidento itces L
they passed. The other, who rovethe
handsome baceys with an unmstakableoung girl d
air or proprietorship, was at old rchesi
dent. ir
Sheng had found her way to this small s
but prhougetntious town sioue years of anyor such
and, building a handsome home, hand
since devoted her energies, supple- mn
mented byed the magical influence of
money, to gaining an entree into its ch- si
lusive socuriety. R
Both were deep in conversation, when I
a turn in the road brought them face to l
face with a young girl riding. I
Ah!Mrs. Downs was i the act of chek-eiress?"
lag hYes, an horses, but the newcomer, as u
though uite unconsreriou thaof ahry such ook.
Intention, nodded indifferently and d,
rode on.
I The poul ptolece," eommenter, I d the ii man
slighted laliy, endeavoring to hide her
chagrin. friendship.
panion, glancinog fter th e ladrider ith
some curiosity. her mon
"Miss Leigh. You remenenber I
AThe! Then she's the heirsress?"mark
"oYes, an her inabilityow, touh a ydisregarnr
ago she was oorer thing hatr owuld con-k.
I never could tolerate her, 1 ut I mran
age to herp up social showva o friends.ip. t
he'll xate one was In leadr of rocietyng
hero when she ge ri.and while her moun
The speaker concluded this rally, her v.lack
ofwith a very visible frown. Shedfather was deci.
orcibedly remindeawback of her own furtheranceubtl of
positron and her inability to disregardk
any person or thing that unpouldea cant
tribute to her social advancement. tI
Annexation was ind'e I a burning ' 1
question with here and while she found ey?"
her dollars n imprtant ally, eemer thatck her
of a presentable grhis father's wisher was d heri
dl a e, rawbaein in the further child, of h
her ambitious aspiration'. a
"A graceful rider andty. A quite a pretty
girl," remarked her companion, break- n
ng In tlyon these unplea hdant somesruplesaboute- a
tions. "Where did she get her money?" ~
"From her ungoodl. fortunhe , foasr his fato- cr
gather peculiar. It seems that her r I'
ather wascely disnherited beore he rryibegan to
cosetrary to his father's wishes, and her .
uncle, being the only other child, came in
In for all the property. A fortunated a
thing for him, as you say, though, ap- i it
parently, ho had some scruples about
enjoying his good fortune, for his father I
was scarcely buriehas.d bI am nore surpr begand to n
search for his brother. b
"Yes, he found him dying. I believe, in
some obscure hment. lifornit seems towal. Misst a
Leigh cam e to Emof a soonl. That that
tlve years age, and now she has inherit"
ed all of her uncle's money. He died
last October, and getis son- mething, of
"HiA small sumn! ou don't tell me he has a
son."
S"He vcertainly has. Icase.m not surpris hed
at your astonishment. It seems almost a
Impossible that a fatheu'could enrich a i
niece at the eyoupens of a son, yet thaty
is what Mr. Leigh has done. tee
ablThe young mn gets something, of s
course. Two thousand a years I believe. i
that small sum Inom connectparison with the f
whole."
1 "A very unusual case. Perhaps he s
Intends the young peopeI thik to maway.
Perhap th but as they have never seen I
objecth other, the result is sarcly prob suing
able. The son has been In Europe for f
the last Dowe ears. He was considered f
quite wild, I am told, and ho and his C
lather qurreletty, but threquently. No word scarcly doubt,
ther facet had ome connection with theof J
tebroad, the wifull red lips withink ther ex- was
thmade ample compenad accusation. I the nosubjet 1
deviated fromwed the straight Meanwhild perfethe
obline, the faultremars was puforgotten in the clearsuing
Mrs. Don' contour of the beautifully moiled abrowled
he liquid depths ofbut the word sclar graly dideyes,
the expressive countenance.i
He Absorbed in thought perfection of an unpleasant
charactiver, as evidenced by he mouth wer very per-i
throdugh forcthe of habit, rawither than ther
presguiding hand of his mistress, turnedi ]
into a broad elm-lined avenue, and she nose
devalooked frup in som te surprise to find herfect
line, the fault was laforgotten in the clear divstfd
herse lquid depths of her riding habit, and madeyes,
and the sweet per sittng-room. A bright, from
cheerful apartme ount whose taste.u fur
Absohing revealed In thomething of the nleasant i
character, as evidualy of ts owenced by her very per-er.
herI was surroundings, untile I should nd you her he,"I
through force of habit, rather than tdhe
ulag hander cool hIsd aamistress, turned warm
to baert some authoH.avenue, andYou should
loobe enup oyin some surprise to find her,
selI dare home.ay I shoud," as e ar
Tear. vnutes later shne hadp. Divested ia
ere whole host of them for ompabit, an. made
her"I am oy to her sitting-room it. WhA brighta
oblshed beore the glowing fire, ando?"
bs enjoing thins delightrfl wather, (
"Ilateful, Margaret? Then you don't he
share the world's opinion of that useful co
article." lif
Margaret drew a chair. close to M!ss ov
Hilton, and seated herself upon it, as pr
she replied. ar
"Not the world that Mrs. Downs rep
resents. I met her a while ago. She vi
wanted to step, of course, but I just
role on. Awfully lulo, wasn't it? I g
couldn't help it. I detest her. She bc
wouldn't care a snap of her finger for th
me if I were poor, but simply because bl
- Oh! I hate such people! Thank I;
heaven, I'll soon be away from them for
awhile. I told you I was cross, Miss m
Hilton." 1
"I see it, my dear," was the half grave m
response. "Hav.e you quite decided to
go to that outlandish place?"
"What a doleful expression. If that
outlandish place in, ans 1iasconset, I'm
afl aid I must ileanl guilty to such a
dreadful decision, and I think I shall m
find my experience both novel and de- pc
lightful. I mean to do just as I please. at
Take another name and forg t Margaret fe
Leigh entirely. I'm tired of her." w
"Poor Margaret Leigh. I fear you th
don't appreciate her; and since you are M
quite determined to go to that land's- y<
end of creation I suppose the best thing le
for mie to do is to hope you won't re- sa
gret it." I
Margaret laughed at this view of the y<
nir'tter.
"You see, Iam not looking forbeaux," re
she said, with mock gravity. "I've al- hI
ways liked old nien b.hotter than young
onies. I'm sure tho, t.lligh'ful old ti.h'- "I
ermen will suit ime irtnensely. Besides,
I'n tired of civilize l life and shams
generally, so I welcome something gen
u'ne for a change. I suippo e you think
I have a very carpin; dispositio:l, but I w
do so want to air miy gri vances. If it t
were not too undignified I should like to ;1
lie ( n the floor and scream." w
r "Don't do so, my dear. The doctor is
right. You do need a change. I don't ei
-recognize my old Margargaret.
"A flattering way of expressing an un
flattering opinion," laughed Margaret, tl
giving Miss IHilton's hand a rebuking h
little pat. "I am growing degenerate,
ati I not? I feel outrageously reckless '
to-day. I have a most overpowering
desire to shock this prim and severely p'
proper neighborhool. Don't look so re
J roving, Miss3 Hilton. Yo:r couldn't
scold if you tried, and I'm afraid I take
advantage of that knowledge. Your
expression reminds me of Mr. Webb.
He was dilatin: on mly grandfather'st
virtue: this morning-to me, of all peeo
3 plc, mit:d you!-whey I stopp d his clo
quence, andl herr liedl him in the bar
gain by saying if my grandfather was a ]
sp ecimen of the good men, I preferred l
thl, bad. I do, too. I d n't believe that
lecause a rnman goes to church every
I Sunday an I occasionally puts his name
to a subscription list, where it carl be
seen and read by thl neighiborhood, that to
he is entitled to .nu a nmiration on that
account. There are other varieties of
y charity which I admlire more, and thlse i
my gran if thr did not po; less. I dare
say he be:ongetl to the class of abnor
'ljally gool I eo ite whli are perfectly t
content in their own self-righteousness.
r They a:'e precisely the kind of in livil
I uals I detest. Give nme an out-and-out
r sinner any day. I'm certainily g'al I
didn't know h'im hieciiuse I'm afraid I
e should dislike him even more than I do
- now. t
"Don't scold me, please, Miss Hilton. h
I knew such feelings are neither kind j
no: just. I try so hard not to have them, t
but when I th'nk of papa I- "
She pau;ed abruptly, her fa e and g
vo:ce filled with emotion.
Miss Hilton stroked the bowed head
with an infinitely tender caress. "I would t
be 1he last to blame your loyalty to your
father," she said gently, "but I wish you a
a could forget." P
"Iow can I forget?" was the tearful
I answer. "How can I forget the poverty
t and want that embittered my father's
a life and caused my mother's death? If
At you had known papa as I did," she con- S
tinued, more quietly; "if you had under
if stood his hopes and ambitions; if you o
hal seen how hissensitive natureshrank R
a from his uncongenial surroundings, or r
guessed how his heart longel for the t
e sweet peace and restful influence of
home, ytru would be unforgiving too.
n His father deprived him of all that I
made life worth living. I can never r
ir forget that.' The time has been when I I
d felt hard and bitter to all the world, be- a
is cause one man had been so cruel to him. a
t, The money I enjoy now would have f
eI made his life so different. It is so hard
1 for me to think of this. I know I shall
regret all my life that uncle found us too
t late. All these thoughts rush over me
e when I think of my grandfather, and
g then I feel inclined to express my opin
ion strongly.
d "You can't understand my bitterness
d because you are always easy and gentle. 1
I don't b..liev,, you could be angry if
Syou tried; but I have a very fire of pas
t- sion in me, and it flares up on occasion.
e "Let us talk of something else. Did
- I tell you of my letter from Cousin
, Brian? No? I intended to. It ca:ne,
i after luncheon. I wonder he cares to 1
Swrite to me. Yes, I know I wrote to
r him first, but I felt ca'ieo I upon to edo
, that. I was so unhappy over the will
Sthat I wanted him to know how I re
I belled agintst it with all rly soul. You
remember what a candid, generous let
t ter hlie wrote in answer. This letter is
- equally characteristic. HIe tell:r me he
o is coming to Amner;ca soon. Do you
, know, I am really ainx'ous to see him."
e "I am sure you will like him," put in
d Miss Hilton, with suspiciousi haste. "I
e confess I always had a tender place in
r- my heart for Brian. He has some ex
collent traits, despite his shortoomnings.
SHe lost his n:oher when he was very
I young, poor b.,y, and his after treainlng
t, was left in the han:ls of servants, and
r- was not very judiciouc, as you may
"He and uncle quarreled a great deal,
didn't they?" asked Margaret, after a
thoughtful pause.
d "Yes, quite often," was the answer.
,. "Brian spent money more freely than
lhis fIther approved. Your uncle once
d remarked to me: 'If Brian were not
, sure that I would pay his tills he'would
be less industrious in making them.' If
Sthink he was rather anxious for him to
y marry and settle down to the practlee
Sof hi.eprofes5ion. He could not tolerate
a man with no occupation."
d "I agree with him there," returned
SMargaret quickly. "I perfectly iJ~ii
nate a man without ambition. If I had
ye a husbalnd of that disposition I'd make
him do somethTig or I wouldn't have
r, bim rw.od me. -
"Still" a a .d re t...phtlly,.
"uncle need not have disinherited him
on that account. Such a course seems
to be a peculiarity in this family. It TI
humiliates me to foil that my coming
here had anything to do with it."
"I am sure your mere coming had not,
Margaret. Your uncle evidently had tl
some goad reason for his action. I think .,
he believed that leaving Br;an an in- m
come sufficient only for the necesitles of
lifo would morally force him to use his
own exertions to secure the luxuries he st
prizes. You can see the force of such dt
an argument." I
Margaret sh.o' her head uncon
vincol.
"The argument and reason may be
good," she agreed, "but I don't care to
be the instrument for the working out of 1I4
the benefit. It makes me feel responsi- p]
ble for my cousin's inconvenience, and o,
I hate it." ii
"You allow pride to blind your judg
ment. Your regret is quite ineffectual.
You couldn't, if you would, return the la
money to Brian, unless-" ir
"Unless what?" le
Miss Hilton hesitated. N
"Unless you marry him." si
Margaret flushed at these words.
"Ile is not the kind of a man I ad- I
mire," she returned after a thoughtful li
pause. "Indolence and want of ambition tI
are not commendable charaqteristics. I a]
fear I should become disgusted, or he a
would, which would amount to the same
thing. Try to think of some other plan,
Miss Hilton; and while you are puzzling
your dear old brain, I'll answer some Ir
letters. And do forgeot the things I've tl
said. I'm always repenting of something el
I've said or done. I can't afford to lose
your good opinion." b
With these words Margaret left the
room, and Miss Hilton's eyes followed s
ht r with a very loving glance. N
"Dear Margaret," she sail gently. n,
"Dear, dear child." s5
[TO BE CONTINUED. j
Mollie MoUiruder'a Ghot, a
The ghost of Mollie McGruder, who d
was killed near Seventh and Tra-y
streets, about a year ago, by William e1
McCoy, still appears to frighten those d
who have to pass along that way in the S
early morning hours, writes a Kansas a
City correslondent. b
As stated in these dispatches two
weeks ago, 'he woman first appeared to
the keeper of a saloon on the corner of e:
Independence a .d Lydia avenues, and a
appeared to be asking for a bucket of
beer. She then appealed to several IL
passers-by and to a policeman, who, Il
since that time, has never hadvl occasion
to get near the spot where the murder
was committed. 0
The publiat:on in a morning paper J
here of the fact that such an apparition r;
had been seen caused a number of peo- d
ple to go in that neighborhoid on such I
nights as they happened to bi out late, t
in the hope of being able to see the
spirit.
The result is that there are now not
less than seven people who declare that a
they saw the ghost of the murdered wo- k
man, and, while she invariably has the p
appearance or wanting to reveil some
thing, no one has yet had nerve enough
to stay to hear her story. The latest 1I
talce is from a man who had heard noth- 1I
ing about the ghost, and who hal occa
sion to cut acrose Lydia avenue aboet 2
o'clo2k one morning recently.
The gentleman was hurrying through
the dark street, when his attention was
attracted by a woman who w.is standing i
p r ectly erect near a telegraph pole 1o
about ten feet from a street lamp. She a
stood so still and looked at him so in- t
tently that he thought she might Le a
man who was dresse I as a woman for
the purpose of robbery, and, drawing
his re o;ver, he approached her with the li
intention of askilng what she was doing
there at that time cf night.
She was in full view, but as the man
got near to the telegraph pole the t
woman seemed to dissolve in thin air,
and left no trale behind her. The gen
tleman thought it strange, and it was
only when he relatel his story next
morning that he found he had ap
proached Mollie McGruier's ghost.
Making a 3Map of Peking. 1
HIow a military map of Peking was
secretly made is told by Gen. Sir Rob
ert Biddulph. During the China war
of 1860, in which Sir Robert was en
gaged, our army was greatly embar
rassed by the absence of any map of
the city. But it happened that the
Russian legation had, only a few
months before, contrived to make a
map in spite of the jealous watchful
ness of the Chinese. They had sent
an ofticer in a small covered wagon,
such as they use to carry their women
about, completely covered in. An in
dicator was attached to the wheel.
He drove for a certain distance, to a
certain crossroad, for example, and
"took a shot" with his instrument;
then down the next road; and in that
way made a complete plan of Peking,
with all its streets and roads, both in
the Tartar city and the Chinese city.
Gcn. Ignatieff, who produced the map,
offered its use to the English. There
were no photographers then attached
to the army, but an Italian pho
tographer, who had followed the army
for his own private purposes, being
set to work. produced a number of
copies, whiich proved extremely ser
viceable.--London News.
An Itemr in Doller Economny.
A writer on the subject of boiler econ
omy alludes to the porosity of ordinary
hb-icks and mortar, entl fr all exposed
flue walls or boiler seatings advises a
facing of glazed bricks, in neat cement
mortar, to reduce to a minimum the en
trance of cold air to the ilues, which in
doubtedly takes place through the mil
lions of pores in a rough brick wall. For
this purpose the tarring of the external
face of rough brickwork flue walls is
also recommenled. G(ilazed bricks, of
Scoursc, are better, anl are vcry easily
kept clean.
Waterproof Lethter.
An Austrian che-nist is reported to
ing leather by a cheap and efient
I method. He omploys a solution of gels
e tine and flv l-arts of blehroinate of
t potash dissolved in 1,2900 parts of water.
Simpregnating the leather with this solu
I tion causes the albumen to coagulate in
Sthe pores.
e Try It, Oirs.
It is said that the juice of the garden
; beet, of the blackberry and tihe straw
- berry, if rubhei lightly on the cheeks
Sand then washed off witlb mill, leaves a
e beautiful rosy tint that more than rivals
e that'f cosmetic paits, and suich vegeta;
ble juices are not of course injur:ous to
r, the most sensitive ski.
TROPIC LIGHT AND HEAT. sy
They Were the First Things that hi
pressed a Visitor to Jamaica. ne
The light and the heat are the two
things that most impress one on first ar
comuing to this land. The light is the OU
more impressive of the two; from sun
rise to sunset it is omnipresent and con
stant: the very shadows are luminous,
dark though they appear by contrast. it,
I should say that latitude seventeen th
was about forty-five million miles co
nearer the sun than latitude forty. gr
Yet it is a tender, soft, suffused light, is
not a tierce and hard one. The atmos- fo.
phere is not so rarefied as that of our M
own west; one can read here by moon- le:
light, but one cannot read fine print er
easily. The remote distances of the wi
landscape are melted in an aerial haze Al
instead of being defined with the re- Is
lentless clearness of a steel engraving. th
Nevertheless, the light of the tropics'is fri
superlative; it seems to belong to a nu
planet more recently evolved from the st:
parental luminary than ours. So in- th
tense and pervasive is it, one would th
almost say irradiates the mind as well b3
as the body; it appears to possess a se
spiritual quality. I had read of blaz- a
lag tropic suns, of scorching, blister- qt
Ing tropicheats, but I find nothing of th
the sort. However great the ultimate so
effect may be, the manner is .always an
gentle, sweet, subtle, soothing; Har- ly
bour street in Kingston never shows so so
savage a temperature as Broadway in ci:
New York. But for all that, it will tl:
not do to take undue liberties with this to
soft-spoken climate.
After walking a few miles along the
white, undulating roads, or panting up
a ste4p hillside, nothing could be more
delicious than the touch of the north- be
ern breeze fanning you as you sit un- tl
der the shadow of a broad-spreading te
silk cotton, nor could anything be se
more dangerous. You are being fanned bl
by the wing~ of death. Evaporation is B
wonderfully rapid; you come in from cc
exercise drenched with perspiration, t:
and before you can make ready for a 11,
"rub down" your skin is already dry. ec
In the north a slight chill may be fol- na
lowed by a slight cold, and that be ii
the end of it: here your chill may turn ft
out the end of everything for you. fc
Moreover, the soil when dampenedl by ft
rains probably exhales a nliaslna pro- hi
ductive of what we call malarial fever;
in Jamaica it occasionally develops in- In
to an appalling, ugly and brief disease c,
known as black vomit. w
On the otfer hand. if you are ration- ii
ally cautious, and let liquor of every ss
kind alone, you may walk or climb, or o0
play tennis, or ride horseback all sI
through the hottest-parts of the cloud- ni
less day, and feel only the better for %I
it at night; in fact, you must take ti
plenty of exercise in order to be at o1
your best. The way to get ill Is to h
avoid exertion and perspiration, and tl
sit at ease in the shade absorbing cool- si
ing drinks. Such people sometimes ii
last two years. Those who pursue the n
alternative regimen are not surprised o:
to find themselves alive and alert at
ninety and upward. Of course it is fi
more difficult to get ill on the higher o
levels than on the lower ones; but tak- ti
ing the island by long and large, it is I
one of the healthiest places on the ti
globe.-Julian Hawthorne, in the Cen- a
tury. 11
t
Ancient Tar and Feathers. e
re is a general impression, 1n1
inis country at least, that the institu
tion known as 'tar and feathers' is dis
tinctively American. Nothing could
be further from the mark," observed
Judge Riley of the Virginia bar. "The
fact is, what we understand to be a
coating of tar and feathers is of an- e
cient origin. There is also an idea
afloat that tar and feathers is a sort
of Southern celebration, that it was
Invented there, and that it is of com
mon occurrence in that section of our
loved country. I assure you that both
these ideas are wrong all through. In
the first place, while there is plenty I
of tar in the South, the stock of feath
ers is not so large. And again, they 1
are too valuable to use in such a way.
"Where a person deserves such a
treatment it is much easier and better
to give him a thorough cowhiding. 4
cowhiding sticks as well as a coating
of tar if it is properly applied. Tar
and feathers originated in the days of
RIichard Coeur de Lion, over eigit
hundred years ago, as is evidenced by
one of his ortdinances for seamen as
follows: 'That if any man is taken
withl theft or pickery, and thereof con
victed, he shall have his head polled
and hot pitch poured upon his pate,
andi upon that the feathers of some
pillow or cushion shaken aloft that he
nmay thlereby Ie known for a thief."
Wanshington Star.
1 he Working of a Big 'Department Store
No cthor busincss that is conducted
tunder one roof equals thie department
store in magnitude of detail. Take
for instance the case of one of the
Sgiants of the sipecies. It employs from
S3,450 to 5,000) persons, according to the
Sseason. In- a year it does nearly $10,
S000,(000 of business. Its largest Indl
Svidual sale last year was an orches
trion for $4,500, and its smallest a pat
ent clothes pin for one cent. During
Sthe holiday rush there were several
days when its gross receipts ran over
$100,000. It has more than seventy de,
Spartments. To heat it one hundred
miles of steampipe are required, and
- the electric light plant would adequate
Sly equip a small city. It represents a
rental of nearly $300,000 a year, and
at a conservsive estimate the daily
Sexpenses of the store are $5,000. When
Sit is considered that this enormous
Ssum is made up from the profits in
sales, for the most part in small par
Seels, one gets an inkling of the infinite
a:o cure in details and the perfection Of
system which go to make such enter
prises as they are. A man who has
himself.conducted one of these bust
nesses recently made this statement: ¶
"The profits of the department store
are represented by the cash discounts
on its bolls."-Seribner's. ,
Vegetation and Moisture.
I'xhaustive experiments on vegela
tion ,if satious sorts have shown that
the degree of moisture required varies no
co:alsiderablly at different stages of the
growth and development of plants. It a
is curious to note how nature provides th
for this moisture at the proper seasons.
More water is required when the first
leaves are coming out. This period gen.
erally occurs when the ground Is very
wet from the spring snows and rains. t
After the leaves are out less moisturi th
is needed until the blossoming season,
theu a great deal is required. The best
fruit develops when the ground ani at- la
nmosphere is comparatively dry. Con
stant- moisture is not desirable, as it is ha
thoughl to impair the keeping qull- on
ties of fruit, especially if accompanied
by a high degree of heat. R very wet th
season favors quantity in fruit, while G
a tolerably dry one gives much finer
quality. It is a well understood fact
that potatoes grown in very wet set- c
sons are nmuch less desirable in flavor
and quality than when the soil is fair- no
ly light and dry. During the past sea- 11
son great difficulty has been experi- th
cnced in keeping fruit on account of
the amount of moisture, and the high isi
ltjmperature of a portion of the sum- ha
nmer. fin
Ti
Nature in the Ocean. fu
It is estimated that the cyclops will de
beget 442,000 young in the course of co
the year, and if these were all permit- is
ted to mature and reproduce them- th
selves the seas would in a short time
be a simple mass of living organisms. in;
But the etochilus, or "whale food," lei
constitutes almost the exclusive food of it
the vast shoals of herrings and the sea- ga
living salmon and salmon trout. Their of
existence is one. of the greatest eco- in,
nomic triumphs of nature, for these.mi- in
nute creatures scour the sea of its re- ni
fuse and keep it sweet, while they di
form the food of fishes which in turn bx
furnish wholesome food for millions of Al
human beings.
Feeding on dead vegetable and ani- ra
mal matter, these entomnostraca are ca
converted into the food fishes of the as
world by one remove, being first assim- at
ilated by the herrings, and then ab- at
sorbed by the cod, tunny, mackerel and ea
other fishes which follow herring bt
shoals and prey upon the latter. They de
mainly swim on the surface of the ga
water, and it is the search of them in al
this position which brings the shoals
of herring to the surface. Their count- ac
less numbers are also augmented by w
I the microscopic larvae of fixed shells, F
suc(' as the barnacle, which begins life or
in this form, first as a one-eyed swim- de
ming crustacean, then growing a pair qi
I of eyes, and finally affixing itself. re
In rivers these larvae are the sole
food of all youing fish, and often also of to
older fish. In early spring the crea- fc
- tures in every stage-eggs, larvae and le
l3 erfect though microscopic entomos- be
traca-swarm in the water, on the mud tU
and on the water plants, and were it jt
not for nature's provision for keeping o
them in check so rapid would be their d
rate of multiplication that the whole ti
character of the water would apped- co
ily be entirely changed. it
Ears and Hearing. te
1 Snakes are believed not to hear well.
Beethoven was the only deaf musical p
e composer. h
The ears of the garden slug are locat- p
ed in his neck. b
One kind of the medusae has, it Is n
't said, eighty ears. r
One variety of the cricket has its ears I
In its hind legs. 1
r The ears of the fly are located near I
b the base of the wings. t
n Mlost grasshoppers have their ears e
y In the middle of the body.
1 The cavity of the middle ear is about I
Y the size of a kidney' bean. t
* Thomas Holcroft wrote a famous a
a comedy called "Deaf and Dumb." I
r The United States has 480 deaf mutes I
to the million of population. 1
SIn 1864 a national college for deaf t
r mutes was fouuded at Washington.
SCaucasians are more liable to deaf- l
t ness than people of any other race.
SAll carnivorous animals have small
Sears, capable of very quick movement.
n The blind are generally possessed of
a singularly acute sense of hearing.
d Tpe crocodile hears remarkably well,
' and has the rudiments of an outer ear.
SThe mnammalia are the only inferior
e animals which possess an external ear.
There is no creature whiCh possesses
a more sensitive hearing than the cat.
Scarlet fever and cerebro-spinal men
re ingitis are frequent causes of deafness.
1 In 1880(; Bell's method of visible
at speech began to attract widespread at
ie tention.
SStrange as it may seem, most varie
m ties of jellyfish have true organs of
to hearing.
A Phi!atalic Exhibition.
s- England's stamp collectors as their
t. part in the celebration aext year of
ig Queen Victorla's attainment of the
al "record" as tenant of the British
er throne, are to hold an international
[e philatelic exhibition. It will begiD late
ad ii July in the galleries of the Royal
ad Institution of Painters is Water Col
e- ore, and the Duke of Sixe-Coburg and
a Gotha and the Duke of York are
id among the promsinent collectors who
ly have promised to support the enter
en prise. It will embrace British, Colo
us nial and foreign postage sta-lips, en
in velopes, postal cards, news bands,
tr- philatelic appliances, literature and cu
te riosities and o~bjects of lterest in con
of nectt with f the ptendmas aieervlee.
A NATION OF PIATE S. Pa
of t
THE RIFS HAVE PLUNDERED VESSELS ei
FOR CENTURIES.
France Has Determined to Wipdl Them Rif
Out, and Incidentally to Change the wer
Map of Africa. Ev
It is generally supposed that pirates 1)1*4
no longer exist, except In the lurid Ing
literature sold to small boys. This is der
a mistake. France has just fitted out gun
three ýiarships'for the ptrpose of wip- gerl
ing out a nation bf pirates, and Spain liev
stands ready to help France itf any der
help be needed. the;
The pirates are the RIts of Morocco. bha
Long before the dawn of the Chris- Se
tian era these people were pirates, and but
they are just as much in the business thal
to-day as ever. Century after cen- the:
tury they have plundered on sea and It
land, and none of the great pow~r Fre
have been ambitious to declare war up- ef
on them and bring them to terms. - . to t
This is all the more strang for the con
reason that the great modern guns of sa
the English mounted oa the reck of Pas
Gibraltar could almost -throw a -IIrO- itq
jectile across the Strait and lato the of
country inhabited by the-prates. c
Rif means "the coast" in the native
language, and while the RifBlans are
nominally the subjects of the sultan of
Morocco, he has as much con.trol over She
.them as he has over the Indians of
Alaska. All of the resources of Moor- t
ish ferocity, cruelty, craft and power Brii
have been employed to bring the Rif- pop
fians to terms, but without success. Hol
The sultan of )lorocco is not 4 peace- Dui
ful gentleman by any means, and ere]
deeds of gross ' inhumanity are of ten
common occurrence with him, but be tak
is not the equal of the, Rif pirate in pos
these matters. - is 4
The Rifecountry Is,not extensive, be- ford
ing but 58 miles wide and 210 miles in she
length, but if the sultan could' control reli
It it would yield r:ch returns to his tax the
gatherers. Moreover, it could be made tan
of immense commercial value, as it tun
Includes all that part of Morocco front- jeci
lug upon the Mediterranean sea, run
ning from the city of Ceuta, whfch is ap
directly opposite Gibraltar, to the Mo
boundary line dividing Morocco and ehp
Algeria. Ion
A few weeks ago a swarm of Rif pi- cer'
rates In their peculiar little boats her
called feluccas sailed out to the French Int(
ship Corinte, overpowered the crew 't 1
and plundered her. While they were ple
at work the Spanish steamship Sevilla bel
came to the rescue of the Frenchmen, chi
but the pirates swarmed up on -the ed
decks of the Sevilla, killed five men, she
gathered up atqf of booty and then die- h
appeared. wil
When the news of this outrageous am
act reached the .French people they not
were angry, but the statesmen of ter
France were mightily pleased. The a
outrage has given them an excuse for sin
descending 1apon the Rif country, con- Qu
quering it and adding it to their al- IQ
ready large possessions in Algeria. up
There would be no use in appealing tra
to the sultan of Morocco for redress, ed
for, as has been sttaed, he is power- an
less to punish the Rifilans. He could ha
be made to pay immense damages for Es
the depredations of his nominal sub- thi
jects, but France prefers to seek her is
own vengeance and collect her ows ets
damages. These latter will probably an
take the form of the whole of the Rif Tb
country, and, if this be accomplished, an
it will be the first step on the part of he
a European power to break into the la
territory of the sultinate of Moro&co.
Morocco is classed, with other small Qt
portions of Africa, under the sinister an
head of "unappropriated." But if the co
plans of the French succeed this will wi
have to be changed, as well as the a
map of Africa. If the Sultan of Mo- to
rocco should show fight against the a
French he would be in danger of lo- s
Ing the whole of his kingdom, as other
European nations would not be likely '2
to interfere in his behalf while France th
I and Russia are so closely attached, he
Not the least curious thing about the we
P Ruflans is that nothing, or compara
tively nothing, is known about them,
I although their country is nearer 'to
Southern Europe than any other In
SNorthern Africa. The reason of this
is their barbarous cruelty and hostility
to all strangers. The most ventue
some tourists never travel into theirl
territory, as such a venture would ie
certain death. Two or three men by
i disguising themselves as Moors have
within the past twenty years succeed
f ed in making some investigation of the
country, but nothing of a certain and I
, extensive character has been gleaned.
It is estimated that the population
r of the Rif country Is about 105,000.
They are not Moors, • but come of
5 Berber, or abbriginal stock. They are
. Mohammedans, but they would mur
- der one of their own religious belief as
. soon as they would kill a Christian.
e They, are divided into countless little u
tribes, and when they have nothing
better to do fliht among themselven.u
But on a threatened invasion by the
f regular forces of the sultan they fnock
together and present a united froint i
to the enemy.
The Rifs are well armed, and know
r how to use the modern munitions of *
Swar with considerable skill. Withl I
0 the past year they have plnderod
II about a dozen vessels, and the crews
ii of these have reported that the plra.es
a had rifles of recent make, They wear
11 body sashes holding many knlve& and
*I pistols and in boarding vessels alJwiay
d use short swords, or daggers, in pref.
e erence to firearms.
o The last venturesome explorer to sae
r- eed in getting a partial glimnpse of
o I the RIf country was an Englishmant
- named Harris. Dlisguised as a Mooelit
s, trader, with his legs and arms stained
I- a deep brown, he managed to avoid
[- Cetection for some months. He spoke
Arabeic fairly well, but deemed It Wlser
to pose as a deaf mate. He W
panied by an Arab boy, who4
of the talking, and who prote4 j
uable aissitant, This trip wa.
In 1888.
This explorer foutd that the -
Atlas mountains, which run
Rif country parallel with. the
were splendidly-fortified with
Every Rit native is something fa
blacksmith and armorer,.
ing how to mould bullets, mlte:i
der and to repair arms. They buy ,
guns by making secret journeys to
gerian and Spanish ports, and It 14
lieved that they exchange their 0,
derewith eertain traders for w
they need. Moorish customs
have endeavored to break up the tral
fie and thereby cripple the
but the latter worsted them s -
that of latter years they have dom
they pleased.
It remains to be seen what "'
French will do with them. A
cruiser has been ordered !::
to the lit coast, and Admiral O
conmmander, of the rrench XMei0 "
seean squadron, has, under rd F
Paris, sent the eruier Wredeiiuta4
4sapatch bdat Iflbervle to Ahe
of what promises to be a tell
m-et. .
WILHELMINA OF HOLLAND ,
She is the Idol of fr Natlha a-ad °
Mind of Her Own..
When Queen Victoria inlmerlte4
British throne she was seirey Uri7 i
popular than is the young Qi ; .
Holland at the present moment.
Dutch simply adore their young
ereign, and take the most lntense t -
terest I' her coming of age (which w '
take place next August), and lia bre .
possible marriage. Queen Wilhelmia
is credited by her people with mUai
force of character, It is thoughttt tat
she will attempt to rule as well as
reign. and her choice of a husband is
therefore a matter of ntmos impor
tance to the Dutch. The Wocien Zei-
tung,- Amsterdam, says on this sp
ject:
"The many rbmors of the Queen's
approaching marriage are premature.
More than once sip has declared that
Fhe would prefer to remain single as
longras possible. At any rate, it is 
certain that the Queen will choose fot
herself. She will not be rallroadd
into marriage. Only recently abe said:
'I love my loyal subjects, and hoep to '
please them in every way. But if thh.
believe that they have a voice in thea
choice of my husband, they are ded4.
edly mistaken. If extreme, measures
should be resorted to against , e et
shall be more energetic thian qvert,.. '
will not be married against apy wl, ;
and I willnoat be married at all if IX at
not allowed to have a vodce in thelt ""bet
ter.' "
Although there ate many polatl"tr :.
similarity between the position of the ' -
Queen of England and that" of 400
Queen of Holland, there has sprunalg.
up between the two countries 5a (l'-'i
trangement since Wilhelmina tnerib i
ed the throne of.Holland. FProtR "
unaccountable reason the young Que1en.
has a violent aversion to everything
English. The British presa re6u -
this dislike with Interest. "H "
is ungainly, her lips are "blo ' F.
ete,. are things we rend of bhet in Life
and other Englhh society' papei
These descriptions are reported to her
and do not assist her in overcoming
her dislike of Englishmen. The Vader
land relates the following laoldeitt .
"During a recent tour abroad the
Queen expressed a wish to the Dutch
ambassador accredited to a foreign
couit to meet his daughters. 'I do sRo
wish to meet some'Dutch girls,' ~.
said. 'I am just dying 'for pme old,
to speak to me In my own language.
Do send your daughters to me.' 'Bat
my daughters do not speak Holland.
ish,' replied the uutortunate noblemans
'My girls were not born in Hoa
they speak only English,' 'The, or
heaven's sake, do not send them to mes'
replied Wilhelmlina, wrathfully. '
will have nothing to do with -Duteb
girls who do not understand thter onw
language.' "--dterary Dgesrt.
Efficacy of a Counteign,
While Colonel G.Oillam, wl the M
die Tennessee Regiment, we. oetp...
I lr.g Nashville dmring the lite war, be
stai,,'led sentdes and patrols in all
the prinecpal streets of the elty.
One day an Irishman wlhoa bad not
been long enlisted Was put oa duty at
a prominent emront and he kept a
sh'arp end felalhtil watch. Preently a
cutiz.n came along.
"Halt! Whlo goes there?'
'A citisen," was the repopee.
"A\dvance and give the eounteetsog."
"I have not the coutrtelsig," replied
tie indignant eltizen, "and the detla d
for it at this time and place is all
u-al."
"Well. begorrah! ye don't peas this
Sdny mwttl ye sAy Bunker Hill."
SThe citzen, appreciating the sitaa
k tion, smiled and advanced to the sen
Stry. and csutiously whispered' te
magic words.
"R .,iht! Pase on!" and tes wide
f awake scuntinel resumed hit best-.'
in Harper's Round Table.
s rtleih Postal !evisgt
-s One of the greatest bankerS in the
ir world is the British Govertmant.. Ah
t a bank it holds nearly 00,00O 0,00 in
"A post omce deposits payable lpractteally
t- on call, and pays lutedes at tb rate of
2 1-2 per cent. per anuambto its depool
k1 tors. Last year the depoda increes
of ed $50,,0000000.-4a Francisco News
t Letter. - ' eo
sh Some of the large life lsnarenee -o I
ci paniet are considering the advrtabltt
idi -of estabishing a coloeal iitastI :
ke for the care of -cons.nptum,, M. .
icrllb v lop th dse7 a tt 4 ~C~

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