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The Banner-Democrat. (Lake Providence, East Carroll Parish, La.) 1892-current, July 03, 1897, Image 1

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VOL. X, LAKE PROVIDENCE, EAST CARROLL PARISH, LA., SATURDAY, JULY 3, 1897. NO. 3.
WOMANS NFLUENCE
"What can one do?" repeated lIan,
ignoring the personality. "Bather ask:
What can't he do? New York life is so
flexible, my dear, that it bends to every
caprice. Wonderful and accommodating
both. There's pleasure for everybody.
A thousand amusements to f111 up one's
time. Ask a Gothamite how he enjoys
himself and hear his answer."
"Then from your account I am to as
sume that enjoyment is the end and
aim of his existence. I think your
Gothamite's life would not suit me."
-.- "'r. "Not if you hold your present princi
ý,ht ples, certainly. Really, Margaret, you
are a most self-opinionated young
CHAPTER XII I-Contlnued.
She bent her head, pretending to ex"
amine the gleaming stones, but raised
it immediately, to say rather slowly
"Tell me what you wish most, and you
shall have it."
Brian gave a questioning glance at
her half-averted lace. He hesitated,
but only for a second. The next he had
caught her in his arms, and holding her
against his beating heart he pressed a
long, passionate kiss upon her passive
lips.
She made not the slightest resistance,
though her face had grown very white.
He laid his own interpretation upon
this sign. "You are angry," he said,
allowing her to go at last.
"No, no, not angry; that was your
Christmas gift."
She spoke with an effort and once
more fell to admiring her pin. Brian
watched her with a longing she felt
rather than saw. To avoid his eyes she
drew her chair closer to the fire and
buried her head in its cushioned back.
"It is odd," remarked Brian, after an
awkward pause. "I think the world
would smile to know that a husband is
only permitted to kiss his wife on
Christmas day."
"Some other time we will talk of that,
Brian. Not now. It will only stir up
old discords."
"There is always the shadow of dis
cord between us," was the answer given
with a sigh. "Heaven knows I should
like to be a different man; but as I must
be what I am, why can we not be happy
together?"
"Are you unhappy?"
"You know I am. What pleasure can
You find in hearing me say so? You
know your love is the one thing I long
for. Yet you will kill yourself in the
interest of others, while for me-"
He paused with a passion more.elo
quent than words. Margaret could not
reply immediately. A strange, nervous
weakness benumbed her faculties, and
she waited for a stronger moment so
answer his reproaches.
"You-speak unjustly," she said at last,
with great effort. "I do not take pleas
ure in your unhappiness. If you knew
how utterly exhausted I am, you would
spare such remarks. _y pain me. I
-I ian't bear them now.
8he had risen-from her chair with the
last words, and with sudden trembling
swayed as though she weald faint.
"Margaret!" he cried, catching her in
his arms, "tell me the trouble,"
"I am only tired." was the answer,
with a half sob as her head rested for a
second on his shoulder. "Only very
tired."
"I have been a brute," he rejoined,
penitently. "I should have seen you
were ilL Let me do something for you,
darlng."
'Oh, no, Br:an; I thank'you. I shall
be better when I have slept. I need
osl that, Ithink, I mlt say good
a t now."
.Wtha slgh he let her go from him,
and she moved away unsteadily; but
doming back under the. impulse of an
after-thought, she said, very slowly:
"Brian, won't you try to believe that
want to see you happy and contented,
and that I try very hard tc make you ho?
If I am not a better woman it is not be
cause I do not strive to be."
"No more," cried Brian, with much
warmth. "Miargaret, you hurt me. Not
to win your love, but to be worthy of it,
that should be my ambition. You fire
too good for me, I- Good-night."
CHAPTER XIV.
A BITTIR BaavLATIOi.
The old year died amid the festivities
incident to the season, and the new year
*as already a week old; but still Mar
garet had not regained her old-time
spirits.
Brian was at first anxious and then
annoyed. It was too bad of Margaret
to look so pale and thin, when he liked
to see her strong and well. Thus he ar
gued with man's sublime selflshess.
"I wish you would tell me what is the
matter with you," he said, rather sharply,
at breakfast one morning. "You say you
feel strong. You will not allow me to
prescribe for you, nor will you see Dr.
Philips; and yet you go around looking
like a ghost. I can't understand it."
"There is no necessity for trying.
Brian. I was never rosy in my best
days, and people often grow thin from
very simple causes. Will you pass me
a roll, please?"
"You need not try to deceive me," but
in Brian, complying with her request.
"It is we* enough to talk of being pale
and growing thin from simple causes. I
know there is a reason for your indispo
sition. The place is dull enough, dear
knows. I think you might try to be
cheerful, if only for my sake."
Margaret's lips twitched. Her temper
had been tried by several circumstances
that mora'ng, sad now Brian's com
plaints capping the climax, put her in a
mood for retaliation.
"I wish you had thought of the dull
ness before you married me," she re
torted with the bitterness that filled her
breast.
"I suppose you are angry now. I
know you'll drive me mad. I wlsh"I
could hate you."
"Don't qparrel, please. I don't Ike
it. If you do not ind uatcient to in
terest you at home, it is got my fault,
and I will not bear the blame."
Her eyes .flahed as that determined
1will passed her lipe.
"Are you going to the cty again?"
- "Yesa, to-morrow. Ip s't stand pre
than a little of tbs 1ife at a time."
Nor of amy aoo ,a" added per
garet, rather bitterl. ro are qom
"s *oata'amdig-yo.r esmay, Xau.
e yeS know gay teelo s
of the plase, atye4, Iecoe
'thatunder he aeq as a sein
woman, and I'd be delighted if you
would drop one or two of your theories
by the wayside."
"I dare say it would be as well," was
the answer; "they could notfall on more
barren soil than your unappreciative
mind offers."
"Say philosophical rather than unap
preciative. You must admit that I have
reason on my side. Show me the bene
fit of working one's self to death, when
there is no necessity for it. You only
see the surfa-e, Margaret, but I go
deeper."
"On the contrary," smiled Margaret.
"you see only the surface, while I look
deeper. You look only at the need of
money, but I see a hundred effects in
which money has no part. Necessity is
a very accommodating term, and has a
different shade of meaning for different
people. As for working one's self to
death, I'm afraid that is also an accom
modating term. A lazy man might con
sider the slightest exertion a step to
ward that lamentable end.
"I suppose I am that lazy man?"
"I shouldn't be at all surprised. And,
setting joking aside, Brian, I do think
that no man has a right to do nothing.
Lounging about day after day, with no
higher ambition than to amuse one's
self would, it seems to me, make a man
or woman (more particularly a man),
tired of himself. Now, don't look at
me with that expression, please. I don't
want to be a shrew, or a preacher,
either. I detest everlasting preachers,
and I don't intend to be one. Never
theless, I wish to gracious you'd find
something 4o dp, and have a better
reason for going to New York than your
present one, which is-well, not partic
ularly creditable."
Margaret's vbace broke slightly, but
she tried to hide the momentary weak
ness by sipping her coffee.
Brian's face had Bushed very visibly
at her allusion to the reason of his visits
to the city and he, too, went on eating
in silence.
"Margaret," he said, presently, "if you
have any old men or women who need
doctoring call me in and I'll show you
what I can do. I'm pretty fair, not
withstanding my want of practice.
"Very well, Brian, be prepared for an
early call. It is not your ability I
doubt. though."
As he had said, Brian went to New
York the next day. "I shall be back in
-a day or so," he told Margaret on bid
ding her good-byl "You may expect
me."
Margaret did expect him, but she was
disappointed.
The days passed, and after his first
letter she heard- no more from him. She
became worried and anxious, though
even to herself she would not acknowl
edge her alarm.
he did not dream of bodily harm.
Intelligence of such a mishap would
have rdached her quickly. Yet in some
intangible way she felt that he was in
danger and needed her.
In cases like this philosophy is of
little avail. To tell herself that this or
that was impossible, that Brian was
merely forgetful and indifferent, aug
mented rather than relieved her fears.
To relieve her mind she rode over to
The Cedars to see and talk with Alice;
but upon reaching her destination she
was told that Alice had left the house
with the intention of returning in a short
time.
As she had the afternoon at her dis
posal, Margaret decided to wait; so she
found her way to the small room adjoin
ing the library and seated herself in a
lounging chair. The house was very
silent, and the room unusually warmn,
and as a consequence Margaret, becom
ing rather drowsy, was soon quite un
conscious of her surroundings.
How long she remained so she did not
know, but presently she was aroused
by loud voices raised in some alterca
tion. At first they were rather indis
tinct and seemingly put part of a dream.
"Very well, sir, go to the devil for all
I care."
"The Colonel's voice," Margaret de
clded, still unable to shake off the im
presiion of dreaming
" What's the good of your education,
I'd like to know?" the voice continued.
"Do you imagine I gave you the oppor
tunity of reading law for you to give it
up when you grew tired? No, sir! This
idea of writng that's turned your head
is only another name for doing nothing.
Confound me! I believe you want to be
like that d- scoundrel, Leigh- "
Margaret started. Was this dream
ing?
"You are mistaken," came the answer
in Bertle's voice. "I have no desire to
emulate Brian in any respect. Please
credit me with some consideration for
Aliee."
"If you didn't show more forher than
he does for his wife, I'd shoot you with
my own hands. He ought to be hung,
the scoundrel! Leaving his wife as he
has been doing, allowing his domestic
affairs to be the talk of the neighbor
hood and her name to become the sub
ject of discussion with every vulgar
gossip in the place, and he galivanting
around the city like a loafer, lounging in
clubs mornings, noons, and nights, and
drUnk at that. Beale saw him the other
day lying on the club house steps, too
drunk to move. And Margaret has
thrown herself away on such a creature.
Don't get so excited, you say? Do you
think I am made of stone? Do you
thiak I can talk quietly and ealnlyn
when I remember her? Why in the
name of heaven do euch men have
wives? Why in the name of a just
heaven should she have such a hsoband"
Andwhy in the name of the deiU don't
some one shoot or hang him?
Margaret had heard all-every word.
the Colosr's high-pitched denneta
tions, Besrte's lower but eotdees em
tice ones, and nodshe could hear the
klonel ngrly paeing the Iibrary, his
regualr rapid sbsps seeming to keep
time with her qudi heart beat,
No this w not dreaming. She was
fully awake. AMd ercuhing down in
her chair she preesed her hands over
her eyes as thouglh she-would shut from
her eight the shame and disgrace that
was actually touching her life. Why
had it never occurred to her before?
Why had she not guessed that, *1le
she passed her thoughtless, unthinking
days in the safety of her own home, he
was following a path Df ruin amid the
gilded temptations of New York? How
much of the blame would fie at her door,
and what would be the end? Ah! those
bitter questioni, with the:r more bitter
possibilities!
Before her mind rose the memory of
a solemn moment and the never-forgot
ten words:
"Don't forget Brian. Beood to him
for my sake.
Did she need such memories to make
her realize that now as never before
his future, his destiny rested in her
hands? She could not sit here and wait
quietly for Alice nor could she be found
here by either Bertle or the Colonel.
She must leave the house unobserved if
possible.
Alas! it was. not possible. Searcely
had she reached the hall than Bertie,
leaving the library at the same moment,
came suddenly upon her.
"Margaret," he said, starting at sight
of her. "You herq? I did not know.
You are in trouble. You are ill. Tell me."
"Heart-sick, Bertie, only heart-sick,"
she returned, with a half-sobbing
breath, while she caught at the door
for support. "I came to see Alice. She
is out; I cannot wait longer."
"You have been waiting then," he
questioned, quite bewildered by her
strange manner. "Margaret," he add
ed, with sudden revation, "you heard."
"Yes," she answered, lowering her
eyes before his pitying glance. "I was
in there and I heard all. I did not know
before."
"Poor child," he said, with unusual
gentleness. "If BrBan could only see
you now. I wish I could have told you
less abruptly. It was cruel. Father
will be so sorry. Let me bring him
here. He might comfort you, Mar
garet."
Margaret smiled sadly, anl leaned
rather heavily against the stairway.
"No, Bertie, no one can do that. It is
impossible, impossible. 1 think his
sympathy would be very hard to bear
now. Don't pity me. Advise me. I
feel so helpless. Have you known-long?
Why has God sent me this - this
trouble?"
It was hard for Bertie to meet this
inquiry calmly.
"Not for any desert of yours," he
said, rather huskily. "You ask me if I
have known long. I'm afraid I must
say yes. The first time I saw Brian
not himself-I am hurting you."
"No. Go on, please. Tell me alL It
can make very little difference now."
"I was surprised and shocked.. I
thought of you and I talked to Brian.
He promised to do better. I believe he
intended to, and I think he tried, but
his resolutions are weak and easily
broken. Do you remember the day I
met you in the road and you remarked
upon my long face? It was the day
before Brian left on this last visit. I
dreaded the result for him, and I deter
mined to tell you all and let your per
suasions influence him. But, Margaret,
when I saw your face my heart failed
me, and I allowed the opportunity to
slip. Yet you can remember how ear
Lst I was In begging you to use your
influence to keep Brian at home. Here
the temptation seems to have no power
over him. I think your presence must
be the cause. Unfortunately, though,
he loves the allurements of city life.
And you are not there."
"No, but I shall be," returned Mar
garet, lifting her gratefnt eyes to his.
"Thank you for showing me the way."
"It is so little to thank me for," he
returnej, sadly. "I wish I could do a
thousand times more for you. If Brian
is not content to stay with you at Elm
wooe, the next best thing is for you to
be with him in New York. It will be a
gain for him, but leaving your home
will be a heavy sacrifice for you. Do
you fell called upon to make It?"
He looked kindly in her face, but he
found no hesitation there.
"A hundred times, if necessary," she
responded. "I had not thought of that
part, and I cannot speak of it yet. Will
you see thatJohn brings my horse? And
remember me to Alice and your father,
please."
"Keep up a brave heart," he said, as
helped her on her horse a few moments
later, "and don't forget me if you need
a fwiend, though heaven grant you never
may.
Margaret nodded. She could not
speak, and pressing her hand with sym
pathetfe warmth, Bertie watched her
ride away, and then went is to recount
to his father all that had passed between
them.
This served to increase the old gentle
man's indignation at what he called
Brian's despicable conduct.
While Bertie talked he paced the
room, alternately praising Margaret,
whom he loved like a daughter, and con
demning Brian, who, in his estimation,
had been false alike to the highest prin
ciple of manhood and to the honor and
respect due to his wife.
[TO B5 CONTINUzrD.
Imitation Mountatn.
Just xpw, at the office of the Geo
logical Survey, they are engaged in I
building Imitation mountains, for the 4
purpose of studying the way in which
the eternal hills were formed by the
crumpling due to the contraction of
the earth's crust. The coal basins and
other valuable mineral deposits in
many parts of the United States have
undergone just such crumpling, so
that it shall resemble in consistency
the bi'ittle rocks near the surface of
the earth or the plastic rocks which
are in that condition because of the
great pressure that exists even at
depths of only two or three miles, as
the case may be. The mixture is cast
in layers of a given thickness by
melting and flowing it in a wooden
trough.
When each layer has hardened it
is taken out, and a number of layers
thus made are superimposed one ap
on the other like laytrs of jelly cake,
representing geological strata. The
next process is to place the layers in
a machine, piling shot on top of them
to represent the force of gravity,
after which pressure is applied from
the ends very slowly by a piston ad
vanced with a screw. This caus
them to crumple up, and under the
artlAcial contraction they are found
to take preeisely the forms of mouna
tain ranges like the Alleghanies.
Mextes's Catdmbt '
Tht cathedral n~ the Olty of
Mexico is the largestin Amerlcai and
cost pearly @,000,000.
SILK FROM WOOD.
WORMS SUPERSKEDD BY A PRO
CESS OF USING SPRUCE FIBRI.
Cost of the Fabric Only One-Fifth
of Real Silk, Yet is as Dura
ble-Old Papers May
Be Used.
At - OU see this necktie which I
am wearing," said a promi
nent physician yesterday to
a friend. "What do you
suppose it is?"
"Why, silk, of course," was the re
ply.
"Yes, it is silk, but not made from
the cocoon of a silk worm."
"What is it, then I"
"This necktie was made from a
spruce tree, and I leave it to you if it
be not the equal of anything of simi
lar texture you ever saw."
The tie was apparently of black silk,
with the softness of that fabric, and
with a body as heavy as any silk from
the Lyons looms. It had a sheen to it
which made it especially lustrous.
"What do you suppose the value of
this necktie is?" asked the physician.
Then, upon his friend pressing his
inability to estimate it, the physician
replied:
"Three cents."
It seems that about eighteen months
ago a French experimenter succeeded.'
after nearly twenty years' study, in
perfecting a process of making silk
from vegetable fiber, somewhat after
the manner that paper is made from
wood pulp. He argued that the silk
worm, in eating and assimilating the
leaf of the mulberry tree, obtained the
foundation of the silk fromp vegetable
fiber.
He made experimehts and en
deavored for a long time to find the
particular chemical process that the
original fiber went through before it
was spun as silk by the loom. He dis
covered that after the fiber had been
separated it needed the chemical action
of a certain form of glucose, and this
having been discovered by him, he
used spruace trees as the ones which
moet readily lent themselves to the
treatment.
The tree is crushed and the result
ing fiber is mixed with the glucose and
then placed in deep metal tubs. On
the top of the mitture is placed a
disk, Somewhat like the end of a steam
piston. This disk is forced down upon
the glucose and wood fiber by hy
dratlio power until it is compressed
into a very heavy gum. About the
bottom of the cylinders or tubs there
are tabes, at the end of which are tiny
glass nipples, with exceedingly small
apertures, to permit the combination
within the tubs to be forced out. Un
der the weight of the hydraulically
forced head the mixture is sent out of
these glass nipples in fibers resembling
silk, so fine that the girls who are em
ployed to attend this portion of the
propes are obliged to wear highly
magnifying glasses in order to distin
guish when any of the fibers break.
The materiel then is strong, but it
is carried over dleetrically heated.
drums, where the ether and the alcohol
are dried out of it. Then it is plunged
into iced water. The fibre then is
taken out and dried and sent to the
looms on a spool such as are used in
the ordinary process of making silk.
Extqnsive works have already been
establhshed in Lyons and iii England,
sad a week ago some English capital
iLts arrived here and are now at the
Waldorf, with the intqetion of estab
lishing a similar plant near Paterson,
. J.
The inventor asserts that the cost of
naking silk by this process is one
If th that of the spinning from the
sill worm cocoon. The fibre takes
lye as readily as the other and can be
woven as securely and as rapidly. It
a olaimed also that the tensile strength
)f the fabric is as great, if not greater,
han the real silk. The inventor also
loolares that old newspapers, after
hey have been cleansed of the print
r's ink, may be made Anto silk as
eadily as spruce trees.a--New York
Ierald.
America's Common Roads.
The total length of the common
~oads in this country, good, bad and
ndifferent, is estimated by General
Itone, of the Road Burean of the De
sartment of Agriuonlture, at something
'ver 1,300,000 miles. The majority
f these roads have been opened by
ommon laborers, hired by local su
ervisors, and no engineering prin
iples have been observed in their
onstruction. As a result, it costs
aore to keep them in repair than if
hey were as manyfinely macadamized
oadP. Keeping these poor roads in
epair and opening new thoroughfares
est Massahusetts in 1893, outside of
ities, $1,136,0944 or $66.30 per mile;
lew York, $1,500,000 or 830 per mile,
ud New Jersey, $778,407.82,or$1g8.25
er mile. The total expenditures for
oads in thatyear amounted to about
)20,000,000. As a greater part of the
.normous sum was spent in repairing
worly constracted roals, that would
meed exactly the same attention next
rear, it is not exaggeration to say that
,ost of the money was wasted Fine
oads canube constructed all the way
rom $400 to $500 per mile, according
o- the nature of the country through
which they pws, the cost of crushed
tone and othdengineering problems.
rhe cost of keeping these roads in re
msir is infinitely smaller than that re
uaired to repair the ordinary dirt
esda eacoh winter and spring, when
rest galleys and rats are washed into
hem by rains Sad floods.-The Manu
The art of printing, aceordig to
)r. Halde and the mismionarieg, was
racticed ia Chia uarly fifty years
'fore the Ohristia era. atM tims
eoufcaius. L' so't00, 0 bob we
made of bamboo and about IMs yeam
Di D pape was Sat ada.
Iomance and the Law.
An Interesting law ease involving a
love agair enacted in Samoa and this
country will be called up in the United
States Circuit Co=rt, in Brooklyn, in
a few days. The story of the incidents
leading tp to the ease is a long one
and contains many elements of ro
mance.
Edward Boutdois, a resident of
Brooklyn, whose business is in New
York, married on July 16, 1895, Miss
Hattie Von Rafford, a niece and ward
of David Street Parker. Mr. Parker
was an American trader in Apia,
Samoa. Some years ago he became
the guardian of Miss Von Raftard,
whose mother was dead and whose
father had left Samoa on a trading ves
sel and never returned. Mr. Parker
sent his ward to New York City to re
ceive her education, and while there
she became acquainted with Mr. Bour
dois, a son of a Wallt street broker.
The acquaintance rapidly developed
into a love affair. Finally Miss Von
Raffard returned to Samoa, but not
until she had promised to marry Mr.
Bourdois. In the summer of 1895 Mr.
Bourdois went to Apia to marry the
young woman. As the story goes, Mr.
Parker had become greatly disappoint
ed because his niece refused the hand
of many a Samoan suitor, but persisted
in her devotion of Mr. Bourdois.
No obstacles were placed in the way
of the wedding, however, and the cere
mony was'one of exceeding splendor.
After a brief sojourn on the island,
Mr. and Mrs. Bourdois returned to
this country and became residents of
Brooklyn- Not long after reaching
this country thq trouble arose which
must now be settled in court. Mrs.
Bourdois says that she gave once to
her uncle for collection two promls
sory notes worth about $4000. Later,
she says, she demanded the money
and he refused-to give it to her. It is
said that a quarrel arose, as a result of
which Mrs. Bourdois brought the suit
for $4000 and accumulated interest.
Mr. Parker brought a counter suit
against Mr. Bourdois for $10,000 for
damaging his affections and feelings
by wooing and winning his niece. It
is this combination of suits which the
court must untangle.
The tale further rune to the effect
that Mr. Bourdois's mother was a Sa
moan woman of royal blood, whose
sister was married by Mr. Parker, but
this particular could not be verified.
New York Tribune.
Money Made by a Blacksmith.
Tacoma once had a mint that coined
all of the money in circulation where
the City of Destiny now stands, and,
it did not require the fiat of Uncle
Sam, the silver of Idaho or the gold
of California to make the pieces from
Tacoma's mint pass current among
Indians and the few hardy pioneers
that were blazing the path of civiliza
tion through the forest on the shores
of Commencement Bay.
Back in the early seventies the.
Tacoma Mill Company, not being able
to handily secure gold and silver for
use in trading with and paying off the
Indian labore;s and early settlers, hit
upon the novel plan of issuing their
own currenoy,and to thitend set their
blacksmith to work to fashion for
them, out of scraps of iron and brass,
pieces of money, or rather tokens,
which could boefsed as a circulating
medium. The pieces consisted of 40
and 45 cent iron tokens and brass $1
pieces. The 40 cent pieces were abbout
an inch in diameter, and the 45 -aent
pieces were about the size of the
present silver half dollar. The $1
pieces were oval in shape, about an
inch and a quarter long, an inch wide
and a sixteenth of an inch in thickness.
These pieces were stamped with the
figures showing their value, and reld
ily passed current all over the country
trirtary to the mill
The coins, which are still preserved,
are roughly made, just such as any
blacksmith with ordinary tools might
m.ake, and as a matter of fact during
the early years ot the mill company's
existence formed practically the local
circulating medmm of exchange.When
the Indians who were employed in the
mill were paid for their labor this
coin sufficed, as all the trading they
did was with the little store run iq
conneetion with the mill. The iron
and brass pieces were,of course,passed
among the Indians in trading with
each other, and as anything in the
way of supplies was purchased by them
at the mill store, the pieces were fully
as good to them as if they had borne
the stamp of t$l Government.
Tacoma (Wash.) Ledger.
History on a Watch Pace.
Almost the last work of the Belgian
astronomer, Honzean, recentlj de
ceased, was an article in which, while
arguing in favor of a decimal division
of tame, he pointed outthe origin of
the double set of twelve hours repre
sented on our watch and clock faces.
The ancient inhabitants of Mesopo
tamia chose the number twelve as an
arithmetical bsee because it has fotur
divisors, viz.: two, three, four and
sir, while ten has only two divisors,
viz.: two and five. They sounted
twelves hours in the day and twelve in
the night, n*dbasuring the day by the
progrees of the sma and the night by
the progress of the stars scross the
sky. This system, prevailing over all
others, has ooalenic down to us, and o
our wa·tehd bear on their faces a sou
venir of those ancioent days 'when the
sunerted as a olookiand half of the
time and the stars the other half..
Youth's Companion.
ung Needes by Mashetuury.
The minig of qiedlOs is aeoa.
plished entirely by macehiery. It is
a, interesting pronem to follow the
"deveioping" of da needle oat of rough
steel wire, the pr of the eyes
beng a very delSaie operation. ft
tie needles a burnished the uaee
mehsne- y oaets- them an d stacks
thee in etbpeus a3d paekages is
whieh they ate eolde.-ew leek M.
bune-,
* WORDS OF WISDOX.
A friend is most a friend of whom
the bestfemains to learn.
"The foolish and the dead along
never change their opinion," once said
Abraham Lincoln.
There is hope for the man wh6
doesn't have to fall down more than
once to learn how to stand up.
Every where and alrays a man's
worth must be gauged to some extent,
though only in part by his domes
tioity.
The most exquisite times in most
people's lives are those *en they are
(perhaps uanonsciously) expecting
something.
The intellectual worker should have
at least two seasons of complete rest
every year. The freshness of his work
will soon show the advantage of fol
lowing such a course.
The love of God does not consist in
shedding tears, nor in experiencing
sweetness and tenderness of heart, but
in truly serving God in justice,
strength and humility.
It is interesting to notice how often
a man becomes that which his friends
or society expects him to be. He will
rarely disappoint us when we show
him that we have faith in him, and
anticipate good results; and this fact
is fall of suggeption to those who seek
opportunities for doing good.
A golden rule which will often save
us from petty worries is to strive reso
lately to allow only our own conduct
to affect our mental condition, to rest
satisfied with doing our very best,
and, having done this, to disregard as
far as possible the failure of others to
attain our own particular steadard.
If you wish to be miserable, you
must think about yourself, about what
you want, what you like, what respect
people ought to pay you, and then to
you nothing will be pure. You -will
spoil everything you touch, you will
make sin and misery for yourself out
of everything which God sends youe;
you will be as wretched as you ohoose.
Accepting gratefully the maay ben
efits it freely gives, an honorable man
will feel himself bound to do what he
can for the world's welfare, to leave it
better offin some respect, at least, for
his having lived in it. The whole
past progress of mankind has been
thus brought about, and future prog
ress must depend upon the same
means.
Llghthease Improvements.
Al article about lighthouses, enti
tled "The Lights that. Guide in the
Night," is contributed by Lieutenant
John M. Ellicott to St. Nicholas. After
telling of the growth in the number of
lighthoaseu, Lieutenant Ellicott says:
Meanwhile the means of lighting
was being steadily improved. The
open fire gave place to the oil lamp;
then a curved mirror, called a para
bolio mirror, was plated behind the
lamp to bring the rays together; next,
many lamps with mirrors were grouped
abdt a central spindle and some such
lights are still in operation. The
greatest stride came when an arrange
ment of lenses, known as the Fressel
lens, in front of a lamp repled te
mirror behind it. This lens was rapidly
improved for lighthouse purposes,
until now a cylindrical glass house
surrounds the lamp flame. The house
has lens-shaped walls which bend all
the rays to form a horizontal zone of
strong light which pierces the darknes
to a great diestnce.
The rapid inordase in the number of
lightBouses has made it neeessary to
have-some meaiot telling one from
another, or, as if is termed, of giving
to each light its "characteristic."
Coloring the glass made the light dim
mer, but as red comes most nearly to
white in brightness, some lights have
red lenses. The latest and lpst plan,
however, is to set upright prisms at
intervals in a circular framework
around the lens, and to revolve this
frame by clockwork. Thus the light
is made to fash every time a priep
passes between it and an observer. By
changing the number and places of
the prisms, or the speed of the olook
work, the flashes for any one light can
be made to cocur at intervals of so
many seconds for that light. Phtting
in red prisms giges still other ehanges.
Thus each light has its "eharseteristio,"
and this is written down in signs on
the charts, and fully statedin the light
lists carried by veses. Thus, on a
chartljyou may note that the light you
want to sight is marked "P. W., v. W.
Fl., 10 sec.," which means that it -is
"Afired white varied by white flbashes
every ten seconds." When a light is
sighted yeou see if those are its charuse
teristios; and, if so, you have foiund
the right one. _
Preservatio of Timber.
The kyanising process for the arti
;oial preservation of posts, itringers,
tailway tia, ate., has been prastieed
in the country for may years. Its
ivalue is not generally understooI by
farmers, although its used is apparsnt
y on the norease. The proces con
sitt in steeping the wood ins solau
tion of biohloride of mereury, sorn
monly known as corrosive sbia"te.
This is a vey poisonous artle, bat
this fact ofers no laterferenp i h.
use named. It coats ubou$~5 pe
thouad feet to hyenaie lusu end
where farmers can semus.e*derhehss
nut or other woods at moderate
pries, it is probsbly not avntmge
to use hyanised lumber, aseith of
the two weeds named makeery good
sad durable fenee ies.* uM of
bridge aind mills t a kt£. Nasa,
bontala gsutltieeo kyanised lmaber,
maee of S in t ue e r baek ar 1844
hew Eugieud Hcomspaped.
A-erust ernie..
oie of the larget liJovedt, tI a
weold stands on UIt fr i t. h
twean UralamdlhoOtboth sk ** Adtt
_ £ e i __- '! .:- t ~ .: -
t.e _round w fqw-;,_..
POQrULAR sCIEICI.
Each salmon produces about 90,.
000,000 eggs.
It is aid that the Greeiland whale
sometimes attains the age of 400
years.
The horse, when browsing, is guida
ed entirely by the nostrils in the
choioe of pr8er fold, sadllind h rses
are never known to make mistakes in
their diet.
The cries of sea birds, especiallyvaes
gulls, are very valuabl as fog signals.
The birds cluster on the oliffs and
coast, and their cries warn boatmen
that they are ipar the land.
Plants that grow near the sea have
thicker leaves than, those growing in
land. Apparently the sea salt is the
cease of this phenomenon, as plants
cultivated in artificially salted soil
yield thicker lesies.
For hse a l fire extinguisher and
alarm a quick fuse runs around the
room and ends in the bottom of a
water tank, where a quantity of explo.
sives are stored, the explosion giving
the alarm and breaking the tank so
the water flows out. ,
Statisties of life insurance com
panies show that in the last twenty.
five years the average woman's life has
increased from about forty-tdo to
fifty-six years, ormeore than eight per
cent. In the same period man's life
on the average hM increased in length
five per cent.
It has been pointed out by a natur
alist that the irregular shapes of trees,
their "anyhownees,"if we may use the
word, fulfils a mostimportantgurpo.
When a gale is blowing the branches
will be seen to swayin all directions,
and their movements tend toa balance
each other. Did they all sawing to
gether, the oscillations would either
uproot the tree or despoil it of its
branches.
The rapid rise of the about
Hudson Bay is said to be the most re
markable gradual upheaval.of an ex
tensive region ever known. Driftwfu
corered beaehes are now twenty or
sixty or seventy feet above the water,
newr lands have appeared, and many
chaims and all the old hartors have
become too shallow for ships. At the -
present rate this shalow-bay will dis
appear in a few centuries, adding a
vast ares of dry land or salt marsh to'
British territbty in Amerisa.
Felten's First Fare. .
There was one little incident in
Bobert Fulton's life about which few
people know and which Fulton never
forgot.. It took place iiortly before
the return 4rip of his famous boat's
voyage by steam up the HudsonBiver.
At the time all Albany fooked to the
wharf to me the strange eraft, bat so
timorous were they that few eared to
board her. One gentleman, however,
not only boarded her, but sought out
Fulton, whom he found in the cabin,
and the following eonversation took
plsee:
p'Ths is Mr. Fulton, I presume?"
"Yes, sir."
"Do you return to New York uwh
this boat?"
"We shall try to get bek, dsi."*
"Have you any ofeotioa to my re
turning with you?"
"If you wish to take your ehances
with us, sir, I have no objection."
"What is the fare?"
After a moment's hesitation Foltot.
replied, "Six dollars" And when that
amount was laid in his hand he gazed
at it a long time, and two big teark
rolled down his cheeks. Turning to
the pa enger, he mid:,
"Excusen me, sir, k is the
-"-nairy reward I hate received
8dl my exertion in adapting steam
to navigation. I would gladly com
memorate the oocasion witL a little
dinner, but I am too poor now even
for that. If we meet again, 1 trust it
will not be theecase."
As history relates, the voyage term
mated nseesmfluy. Fouo years later
PFlton was itting fIthe eabin of the
Olermont, then called 'the North Bira,
when a genaleman entered. Plulton
glaeedat him, and then sprang up
and gladly shook his hand. It was his
Irst pemnger, and over a pleast
little dinner Falton entertained his
gaest with the history of his sucess,
and ended with rsaying that the frst set
nal recognition of his usefulaes to his
fellowmen was the six dollars paid to
him by his firt psmuenger.--rpes
Roond Table.
ElectrIclty t Preserve Iggs.
A New York leetrlea has discov
ered a method of pressin eggs in
an edible eondition for a anuaber of
years. The only messeil method
now is to soak the eggs fa lhnowater,
whieh eloses up the pers of the shdil
sad kills ny,term whieh smay be atd.
tached to them Unde the most
favorable eonditleas, howem , this
method will not preerve _a egg for
more thna three months. The new
method t moouh more bmpiated.
It is wellaaownthat mg shell I -
moren or lan porsd and that air
pases into the egg and hastem its de
ay. In preserviag egs by the mew
method the eg is ar plaed as
ueaum shedbater, wieltrsw the sin
from the iuterorlor. The eg arse th
painted with a bOmplition which
renders them air tht, Aft this
thy will be placed in ls of ate
cd srabjected to an destrIe- euwt
strng enongh to destry *Sjgsm
drowalag wdtle she .vweasth j ·
g,rviing. awsots Mi.s.
_-4sar L vo thes, thr tutnat e .
uulalsed au e fois alM thir+ t .Y

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