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The Banner-Democrat. (Lake Providence, East Carroll Parish, La.) 1892-current, April 22, 1899, Image 1

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VOL. XI. LAKE PROVIDENCE, EAST CARROLL PARISH, LA., SATURDAY, APRIL 22, 1899. NO. 45
THE CHRISTMAS CHILI)
E have worked a
long time to have
nice exercises for
Christmas and it
will be all for
nothing if you take
Lozette away. She
sings better than
any of the children
and we cannot do
without her."
Miss Berton shook
her head opposingly. She knew that
old Manuth understood her words per
fectly, though he would not reply in
English.
"He says we come back one week
before Christmas," interpreted the
slender little Indian girl, looking from
her father to her teacher with plead
ing eyes.
"On week plenty time, Miss Ber
tOn t' he asked anxiously as her
teacher did not speak.
"I no like miss Christmas treea
feel very bad miss Christmas singing.
-Mybe no come back two weeks before
Christmasl" She took no thought of
the length of time a week really was
it her eagerness. She added the last
sentence with sudden emphasis, look
ita up triumphantly into Miss Ber
ton's calm face.
"Do you wish to go very much, Lo
sett*e" asked Miss, Berton.
The child hesitated and cast down
her eyes, seeing disapproval in her
tesher's. quiet manner.
Manuth muttered something in their
own language. Quickly raising her
.eye to Miss Berton's Losette said em
phatieally: "I want go very much."
Miss Berton did not reply for a mo
ment, but stood looking steadly at the
ehild, and then, as though consenting
against her will, she said, rather
sternly:
"Your father must promise me that
you will be back a week before Christ
mas. You know what a promise means
and yoUt mast make him remember."
Losette promised solemnly, and Ma
nuth granted approvingly.
"He says how muchjays' stay, Miss
Beteon?" again she interpreted.
Miss Berton counted them on her fin
"Seven days-one week. Three
days more-ten days. Stay ten days,
then come back,- that will be six days
before Christmas. • Do you under
stand?"
"Ughl" assented Manuth, holding up
his ten fngers, waving his hand away
in the drection he wished to go and
then bringing his fist back to a sud
'den halt, Indicating his going and his
return.
When Miss Berton took Losette up
to the dormitory to wrap her warm in
good, heavy clothes, she asked:
"Why do you care so much to go on
this Journey with your father?"
Losette's eyes brightened as she
answered with great pride:
"My father big man. Otoe's make
pipe-dance and big feast. They ask my
father dance. They give him ponies
and blankets. I like see my father
dance and be big man."
Miss Berton's face grew serious, but
she only said:. "I am sure my Christ
mss child will remember her promise.
WU CANNOT DO WITHOUT HUR
You have never been absent on Christ
mas day end it would spoil all our
pleasureo it you were not hero to lead
the singing."
"Spoil Christas Child, too; she
come back sure, Mss B~ertes," Lasette
sa-d, her earnetaseee supmtg the dO
Saene&r of wrds in enmverns he
*'Lsette was beau ti the abeoltbulid
Christmas moem fen year.
s he saother wea employed
at a on about the )aundrt all thes
years the shtld had qr bes takes
away for any ength at tiu, spulsi
ly saes sihe had grown eM enougs to
be' moe Lool
.-es ,rio - nels her Thae
Car ms chiid" wham th bet saw
4 basw~ u41Ma
whenri~
ewis an
infancy displayed the old savage in
stincts and longings.
Losette could not have lived so close
under Miss oerton's care for ten years,
receiving the careful training in pre
cepts of truth and kindliness, and fail
ed to have been a good girl. She loved
her school and her teacher; she loved
to be called Christmas Child and to
think of the Christ Child; but she
loved also, in a different way, her
father, Manuth, and dear in her secret
heart were these occasional Journeys
when she could, without restraint, en
joy the customs of her ancestors.
The bright, crisp December morning
was lovely etough to satisfy the mdst
appreciative worshiper of Nature when
the motley procession filed out over
the hill away from the village.
Lozette was perched upon a pony be
side her father. Miss Berton, with a
crowd of her pupils about her, stood
upon the doorstep watching until the
train was out of sight, then she called
the little band in to work and lessons,
and Lozette dropped out of their lives
--except in thought.
The days passed uneventfully at the
school, while Losette mingled with the
squaws and played with the babids
around -the great camp fires, or de
lightedly gazed on the dance where
Manuth was the central figure and
where the pipe went around the sol
emn circle. Sometimes her high voice
rang out above those of the squaws
when they were permitted t9 Join in
the general discordance, and her small
figure moved among the throng at
feasting time.
On the arrival of the day on which
Manuth had promised that he would
start back with Losette the sunshine
of the day before had disappeared, and
the children at the school looked out
on the. darkened sky disappointedly.
Toward evening a snow storm of un
precedented severity began to rage. At
night a wind sprung up which before
morning developed into a fearful blis
zard. Many times during the day Miss
Berton and her young charges gazed
anxiously through the windows into
the dimmed world, thinking of Losette
and hoping that something might have
detained her father from setting out
in the face of such a storm.
Another night and another day pass
ed before the wind abated, leaving a
white, quiet earth.
The next day the Indians began to
come straggling home. The watches at
the school house waited in vain. It
was not until the day before Christ
mas eve that a strange procession was
seen moving in their direction. There
were four men, appearing scarcely
more pinched and hungry than their
poor ponies, coming so slowly that the
watchers pressed their faces against
the panes almost breathlessly.
They could see Manuth, so gaunt and
feeble that he could scarcely remain
in the saddle.
"No Lozette, Miss Berton!" exclaim
ed one little girl in great alarm, break
ing the watchful silence..
"I think she is being carried by one
of the men," answered Miss Berton,
looking intently at the bundle of
blankets in front of the foremost In
dian.
Slowly the half-starved beasts plod
ded through the unbroken snow.
Miss Berton was on the steps in spite
of the cold when they reached the gate.
Two men assisted Manuth into the
kitchen, while the third brought the
bundle in his arms to Miss Berton.
Poor little senseless Lozette>
Tender hands ministered to her
needs, but little could be done to re
lieve those stiffened, frozen limbs.
For hours Manuth never spoke, but
sat as one dazed, by the kitchen fire.
Suddenly he seemed to remember
something and asked to see Lozette.
Miss Berton led him in to the still
room where the unconscious child lay.
There, alone with the kind teacher, his
tongue was loosed and, as if he had
never been averse to speaking English,
he said with great effort and trembling
gestures:
"Ten days' stay. Lozette say 'Come
back.' Losette cry, say, 'Come back
Christmas.' "
Manuth bent over and looked closely
at his child, his tears raining down up
on her face.
Miss Berton understood him. 8he
knew that he had started home against
his better judgment, but Losette had
cried to keep her promise, and he had
yielded to her wishes.
"Snow come hard; no see," he re
saumed after a long silence.
"Me put Iasette in blanket, lay
down." He made a motion showing
how he had held her tight in his arms
as the snow drited oer them. 'There
was another sileasee longer than before
and then, without raisng his bowed
head, in a voice shrlf with angualsh,
he seid:
"lasette heap cry., Sat 'No Christ"
umae stng--'No Christmas Child.'
Miss Bartn eaould eonly sob with the
poor old man.
"Pmstty men so a o4m .e. me
thtnk Lamestt dem4." Mamnth eame
e4o as4 eLbt h la
"THEM CRISIS IN SAMOA.
Fascinating Drama of the Three Contending Nations mn the
Faraway Pacific Island.
WE OPPOSE GERMAN AO(IESSIONS.
The belief in Washington that Gar
many will repudiate any unlawful acts
of her Consul at Apia, Samoa, and
will also disavow responsibility for the
extraordinarý attempt of Dr. Raffel,
the President of the Municipal Coun
cil, to run the Supreme Court, prob
ably accounts for the calmness with
which the Administration regards the
matter.
If the recent aggressions of local
German representatives in Samoa had
been the first of their kind we might
be at some loss to account for them;
but we must go back more than a
dozen years for the beginning of the
efforts of the German traders to con
trol the islands and to turn them, if
possible, into a German possession.
As long ago as 1885 Consul Stuebel
and Herr Weber, the head of the lead
ing German firm, tried to bring
King Malietoa under their control,
and, finding this impossible, en
couraged Tamasese, the Vice-King, to
plot against the Government. In 1887
a German naval officer landed his men
at Apia and hauled down the King's
flag, the unfortunate monarch being
soon afterward taken away on a Ger
man ship to a distant land, and
Tamaseme set up in his stead. The
people, finding Tamasese only a Ger
man puppet, chose Mataafa to be their
King, and he distinguished himself
by defeating with considerable loss a
landingparty from the German cruiser.
Meanwhile the vigorous protests of
Consul-General Sewall, our able rep
resentative in Samoa, backed up by
those of the English Consul, were fol
lowed by the measures of Secretary
Bayerd against German aggression,
and the result was a conference at Ber
lin, ending in the tripartite treaty un
der which the islands are now gov
erned.
The war with Spain and the press
ing occupations connected with the ex
pansion of our territory have caused
Samoan affairs to slip temporarily into
the background. The appearance ,of
the Philadelphia in Samoan waters will
tWO NATIVR BIAUTIUS OF THE ROYAL
SAMOAN HOUSUOLD.
signalize the resumption of our full
rights and responsibilities there.
More fascinating than romance is
the naive story of the brown skinned
folk of Samoa these twenty years past.
It is tragedy, itis faroe, it is opera
bouffe, it is child's play. It is a tissue
of intrigue and greed and simplicity.
And the mighty import of the world
polities threads the whole by virtue of
the clashing interests there of the
three great Powers tof America, Eng
land and Germany.
Nearly every year in the past twenty
there has been a crisis there, a clash
of kings or a wrangleof consuls. War
ships have rolled into the tragic bay of
Apia and lain there at anchor, silent
but powerful factors in the situation.
Almost ten years ago came the great
est of all the orises, Rival kings were
warring in the island under German
incitement. Consuls were at daggers'
point. Washington, London and Ber
lin were aroused. Out across the
Pacife into Apia harbor sailed three
Ameriean warships. Three German
vessels lay there already. Her Maj
esty's steamship slliope put in. The
-gly qurrsl was smoothed over by
o3e of the sot speechbes of di
-plomay. The British and Americans
obed lied ins. the greed and as
saumptiem of ermany and there was
1o g~reaase eoneealment. Thebluf
auval oAMeam talked y of shoot
tag Uad meant 1k meam to
4 - f
_k!
i ili! ll
* "Y&
a cruise about the islands with out
spoken intentions. The tension was
too much: at one point the German
lowered his gun ports and made ready
to fire.
By no more than a hair's breadth
possibly was war averted that day.
For some reason known only to him
self the German did not fire. The
ships steamed sullenly back to Api.
harbor. There they lay watching each
other with angry eyes. They were
prey to fate. At the moment when
war seemed most imminent came a
t3rrifle hurricane up out of the Pacifle
into Apia harbor. In the angry sea
were buried many German and Ameri
can seamen and along with them, as it
happened, were buried for the' hour
the ugly quarrel which had divided
them. The nations were brought to
their senses. But for the tragio in
THE UPREME COURT OUSE AT APIA
THE SUPREMIE COURT HOUSE AT API~
tervention of the hand of Providence,
who knows but that a great war might
have started? The Berlin treaty fol
lowed in its stead.
Now the second great crisis has
come. The poor, vacillating king, set
upon the throne by the Berlin treaty
of 1891 is dead. German interests,
which have ever dominated on the isl
and, seek to replace him by a man
suited to their own desires. Strange
contradiction of fate-that man is Ma
tafa. Stranger still he stands barred
from the petty throne by the very act
of the Germans themselves, by their
own special provision, inserted in the
Berlin treaty, to keep him out of the
seat of authority. It is as though the
hand with which they had struck
Mataafa had rebounded and smitten
them. They had been his dearest
foes. He had been the instrument
with which the undisputed reign of a
puppet king of the Germans had been
overthrown. They were his followers
who slew forty of the flower of the
German marines. Mataafa must be
barred from the throne. He was.
a XAUAI1'A'A, 01N3 0os UIrOa'
3a8 or xATAAPA.
When his following grew turbulent
they stole him into exile and kepthim
hidden away for three long years. .
Times ehanged. Politiles lines
shifted in the islands. Maliekta, the
weak, died. Note the drama. A mau
+"^aS r
. s~x K1
a hated American was seated in the
chair. A half dozen claimants for the
throne sprang up. Moli, the brother
of the dead )talietoa Lanpepa was one;
Malietoa Tanus, a son of the dead
Fovereign, a stripling little known to
the chiefs and the people, was another.
The American chief justice, con.
struing the Berlin treaty, read Mataafs
outside of the ranks of those who may
be King of Samos. The old exile hbad
carried by a vast majority the odd sort
of an election by which a king is elec
ted. The Germans, who had put that
clause in the document, found it last
to bar their own path even more than
that of the aged, indifferent Mataafa,
whom they had brought back from
exile to make a king.
The Germans want the ruling hand
in Samoa. They cannot claim this on
the strength of their superiority in
trade with the islands, for in this re
spect they fall far below the United
States, Great Britaip and Australasia.
In 1897 the islands imported $53,415
worth of goods from the United States,
$13,822 from Great Britain and only
$5562 from Geimany. The Germans,
however, prepare and export a great
deal of copra, and they own most of
the land that foreigners hold in the
islands. Of the 135,000 acres, about
one-sixth of the area of the group
owned by foreigners, at least 85,000
acres, including the best land in the
islands, is owned by the Germans.
This landed estate was secured by the
original German trading flrm, and its
auecessors have never parted with an
acre of it.
The great drawback of Samoa is that
it is so far from markets. Its best
products are tropical fruits, which are
abundantly produced, but distance
from markets prevents exportation.
In 1888 the Ceylon ooffee disease
first appeared on the plantations of
Samoa and in a short time put an end
to coffee production in that group. No
attempt has since been made to raise
coffee.
Practically the whole business of
Samoa is based to-day upon the cocoa
nut, and the exportof copra, the dried
meat of the cocoanut, represents nearly
all the exports of the islands. In
1897 nearly 11,000,000 pounds of
copra, the native product, were ex
ported in addition to the large quan
tlt raised on the German plantations.
What with her political troubles and
the causes that have conspired to keep
her commerce small, Samoa has not
had a very prosperous history. The
time is coming, however, when she
will see better days. The resources
of the group, which, all told, is about
as large as Rhode Island, have yet
scarcely been touched. In fact,
nobody lives more than three or four
miles from the sea and the inner arts
of the islands have not been utilized.
hbe o.f Nepteas's Adopted Ohldrea.
That out of a family of four children
three should be born at sesand on one
ship is.remarkable oocurrece, which,
taken into consideration with the fact
that the only child of the family born
ashore did not live to be a week old,
makes it more so. The children are
those of Captain and Mrs. OCarson, and
they flrst aw the light of day in the
cabin of the Manx ship Maxn King.
Captain Carson's family consists of
two sons and one daughter-Tom,
Jack and Teresa.
Tom, the eldest, was born on the
Paeifo Ocean about three hundred
miles off the coast of Chile on May 8,
1888. Teresa was born in the storm
center of the most dreaded coast in the
world, almost off the peak of Cape
Hora, on March 24, 1891. Jack was
born Deoember 54, 1892, in the North
Atlastle Odean, inlatitade 4,16 north,
longitude 54.81 west.
All of the children eujoyremkaf b
good haltb, and sa at what
eagle the ship may
much It may pitch and tmw
dra o the Manx King
ship'seadl. TheyhJ a.
asetomed io the ship
thata st one of ay
baid mhap, for, er thrown
da iiy the violent or =11
iag d sea, they slem i somes
WV ftsetleam the dedk, amucaA
the oSaghea the strmads - the
Rpma
L 154 1
SCIENTIFIC SCRAPS.
A eubic foot of newly-fallea snow
weighs five pounds and a half, and has
twelve times thebulk of an equal
weight of water.
Only abeSt two minutes are re
quired for the bleeod to course through
the heart, thence to the lungs, back
to the heart, and then through the
entire body and return to the heart.
Vines grow at the height of 2380
feet above the level of the sea, trees
at 6700 feet, shrubs at 8500 feet, a few
plants at 10,500 feet, beyond which
are a few lichens, and vegetation
ceases entirely at the height of 11,000
feet amid Arctic cold.
Human beings are of all sizes, but
the tall man is less common than the
short one; only one man in every 208
exceeds six feet. For every foot of
stature a, man should weigh from
twenty-six to twenty-eight pounds.
An average-sized man weighs 140
pounds; a woman 125 pounds.
It is late in the year before any male
wasps are permitted to develop. And
so among the ants. The males are
shortlived. They are practically of
no aceount. The excavation, nursing
of young, fighting, foraging for food
and all the other legitimate business
of the commonwealth is conducted by
imperfect females.
Ocean currents, on the surface, are
due to the prevailing wind] either at
their source or along their route. Un
dercurrents at sea are caused by the
accumulation of water in one region
in consequence of surfade currents.
The cause of undercurrents in small
bodies of water is more obscure, bat
is practically the same as that in the
MANILA EMP.
tbis Unique Fibre Plant a Suceass Only
la the Philippines.
The unique fibre plant of the Philip
pines is not the least among our new
aequisitions. We shall monopolize its
production unless other tropical re
gions have better success in their fur
ther attempts to transplant it. Thus
far Manila hemp is a commercial sue
oess only when raised in the Philip
pines. It is one of the chief resources
of the islands, and for ten years this
country has taken an average of 41
per cent. of the total exports.
From the bast, or fibrous outer
leaf, comes the coarse, strong fibre
which is the best material used for
sailcloths and cordage. It is particu
larly recommended by the fact that it
is not easily rotted by salt water. The
fibre yielded bythe inner stalks is fine
and weak, and from it are woven tex
tile fabrics superior in softness and'
lightness to those made of the best
Russian hemp. These fabrics are sel
dom exported, being bought by Chinese
merchants at Manila for local con
sumption. This useful variety of the
banana plant, accordingly, yields two
qualities of fibre, the one strong and
coarse and the other fine, soft and
pliable, and both are in great de
mand.
Manila hemp produces, under the
best conditions, as high as 3000
pounds of fibre to the acre, and though
6,528,965 bales have been exported in
the past ten years the industry is still
in its infancy-and is capable of enor
mous expansion. Its development,
like all things under Spanish colonial
rule, has been spasmodic and nhsys
tematic. A recent writer on the
Philippines says that under proper
encouragement the Orient itself would
absorb more than the entire present
product. The world's markets will
take several fold the quantity of fibre
that is now supplied;
We shall see what American energy
and ingenuity will achieve in the de
velopment of a great industry, which
we may wholly control, in a land where
there is not a single well-kept farm or
plantation today, where there is no
agricultural machinery outside the
sugar mills, and where a sharpened
stick does service as a plow.n-New
York BSun.
A Seslp Restere.
A horrible acident which oecrred
last August has been followed by i
marvellons cure. A young laundress
employed in a laandry in the BRue
Vandamme was cnaught by the hair by
an endless belt for the transmisaion
of motive power and was literally
scalped from the back of the neck to
the forehead. She was taken to a
neighboring chemist's shop, sad after
ward to the Broussals hospital. Dr.
Malherbe took off the bandages sad
asked for the unfortnate woman's
s-lp. It had remained entangled in
the belt and wheels, and the messen
ger had some difoiulty in indoucing
the owner of the laundry to let it be
touched. The laundryman believed
nobody was entitled to take it down
except the commissary of polic. Fi
nally, hewever, he gave it up. At
the hospital the hair was sharved o
4d the sealp was wshed on both
rides with soap sad atLsaptcs, and
applied to the patiat's head. The
operation ta turnl eat cupletely
rsnesedul, and maksa Lnew ad la
portent stesin surgrwy5 eees hitherto
Scalp wounde wer e- by
- .: . + , * + , ' +
:JI~y4
I ULD3ST TYPE OP tEPTnLE,
pat Lite Knows TIlt 3ew About tO
Cartous Tasar Lard.
For the last two years Professor
Dendy, of Canterbury college, New
ing the development of the tuatara
lisard, declared to be the most re
pnarkable reptile now living in Now
Realand, and a detailed account of the
easults of his researches has just ar
Pived in England and will shortly be
published. Although the lizard in
question is said to be the oldest eaist
kng type of reptile up to the present
time, little has been known of its
life history, as it is very rare and shy
!and retiring in its habits. The taa
tara lizard was grst mentioned in a
diary kept by Mr. Anderson, the corm
panion of Capt. Cook, but the first
really detailed account of the reptile
,was given by Dieffenbach in 1843,
when he said: "I had been apprised
of the existence of a large lizard,
which the natives call tuatara, or na
rara, and of which they are muec
afraid." Owing to the rarity of the
tuatara lizard the New Zealand gov
ernment passed an act to prohibit the
taking or slaying of the reptile, but, as
usual, forgot one of the most important
namely, the insertion of a clause for
bidding the collection of eggs. For
tunately for the tuatara, however, P.
Henaghan the principal keeper- on
Stephens' island appears at present to
be the only man who knows where to
look for them although it is stated
that two German collectors have been
lately making vigorous but vain ef
forts to obtain specimens of the eggs.
Professor Dendy had permission
granted him by the government to
collect both eggs and adults and with
the help of Mr. Henaghan he has been
so succeesful in his investigations of
the life history of this interesting rep
tile that many new and important facts
will now- be made known to the scien
tiA9i world. The adult animal has a
splted skin and a crest of separate
white, fat, sharp spines, and is poa
sesed of three sets of teeth. On 8te
phen's isfaland the eggs of the lizard
are found to be laid in November, and
the embryo pass the winter in a state
of hibernation unknown to any other
Vertebrate embryo, and do not emerge
from the egg until nearly thirteen
months have elapsed. Oie curionus
fact that has come to light is, that
in the latter stages of its development
the skin of the young animal had a
strongly marked pattern of longitudi
nal and transverse stripes, which dis
appear before hatching gives place to
the spotted skin of the adult animal.
This lizard is particularly interesting,
owing to the fact of its being allied to
the extinct reptiles of the Triassle
age.
Mississippi Valley
Rdaload .a iet
Unsurpassed : Daly : Servie
NEW ORLBAIS &AN
oonnecting at Memphis with
trains of the Illinois Cen
tral Railroad for
Cairo, St. Louis, Chicago, Cin
cinnati, Louisvile,
making direct oonnections with through
trains for all points
NORTH, EAST AN11 WEST,
including Bfalo, Pittsburg, Oleve
land, Boston, New York, Philadelphia,
Baltimora-,lielhmond, St. Paul, Min
neapolis, Omaha, Kansas City, Hot
Springs, Ark., and Denver. Olose
connection at Ohisago witb Central
Mississippi Valley. Route, Solid Fast
Vestibled Daily Trains for
-UI0LUE, HifX FALLS, S181i CITY,
and the West. Partlelars of agent
of the Y. A M.Y. and conneotig lines
WJro. coora, Div, Pa. Ag.,
Ao. N, Iason, 0. Pu. A.,
W.- A, Kwsuns, AG. AP. ,
ILLINOIS CENTRAL
TIE GIIAT TISH WI ii
Between the
North and South.
Uqh, st. l, bL. t.me m
IORTH, AST AID T,
JOine lyt lts e e raisines .
MvsUiqhwhus
MAal int sT~an Ssb

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