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The Banner-Democrat. (Lake Providence, East Carroll Parish, La.) 1892-current, December 08, 1900, Image 1

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Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn88064237/1900-12-08/ed-1/seq-1/

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THE BANNER=D EMOCR
VOL. XIII. LAKE PROVIDENCE. EAST CARROLL PARISH, LA., SATURDAY, DECEBER 8 1900 NO. 30.
it i, WnT An t Af I'oI aia.
THE KISS AT THE DOOR. to ca
settle
In the days of the lance and the spur,
When the hero went forth to the lightl
fight, axe.
Oft he carried a token from her keep(
Whom he worshipped as lover and was
knight, too
And when fierce surged the battle The
around, on t
And when close pressed the merc- top
less foe, lengt
'Twas that token that drove off de- was
spair
And gave victory's strength to his factle
blow. sa
buck
Not a hero of knighthood am T. Fugi
But a warrior in industry's strife. had
Where the lance that I wield is my was
feet
pen,into
And tie lady I serve is my wife.
I
Yet a token I carry each day,
Full as precious as aany of yore, quie
Ald It stoutens my heart for the fray; de
'Tis my love's morning kiss at the most
time
ooor,
foan
on n
For his faith will the martyr endure, surf
By the suntset the artist's inspir'd, soon
At the blast of the bugle and fi' weal
Is the soldier to gallantry fired. er
Buit whatever may others exalt, A
For myself I shall ask nothing more e
As a Irompter to worthiest deeds side
T'1an the kiss that I get at the door. wit
-Newark Advertiser. to d
who
the
inex
hodi
took nalr Ill tllylaest l a
Caper whor T was l goveanent i th
pend a few day with the lightho as
keeper and his family, while my fath-e
er went on up the coast, Intending to
stop for me on his return. ret
retold me so much about the hunting
When I was a boy of fifteen, my eslos
father, who vas a government official, the
took mefishi on a trip to Key n thest, avicinityl
thence Up the Florida Reef as far as hod;
Cape lorida. T eager I wasgo left to net
spend a ftake medays with the lighthouse had
keeper and Ihis family, while my fath- mau
er went on ul the coast, intending to ty f
etop for me on visit is return hea
Dick, the eldest son of the keeper, wat
told we so much about the huntitt tops
and fishing to be had in the vicinity was
thinat I was most eager to go out wite fto u
hiAtm or a day's sort. day he proute- d"
cup of hot coffeed to take me with him early the mha
laext we orning to visit his turtle- net, ef
Ashic was stretched across a narrow sine
channel I-tding up between two shoats Loo
into k eeper Bay, about a mile from brhe
the lighthouse. TI
At the frst dawn of day he routled us,
The out, an-d after a hasty wash and a the
cplaup o hot coff mee to keep off the ba- ".1
la we started, n the a nubest of bpirits, of 1
As we passed the lighthouse tower, saw
the keeper called out to us from the D
top, where he had been on watch since halsee
midnight. met
waDon't go near the man-eaters' hole, had
and be sure to get ack invagely time for our
breakfast." cool
The man-eaters' hole, as Dick ex-- the
plaovned to me, was a large, dee ba- axe
sin, not far from where the turtle-net to
was set, in which a numbeby r o blowsig A
sharks were usually lurking. It was nma
considered dangerous to cross in their . lik
vicinity iny not a smbreaall at, for they were the
likely to attack. Indeed, Dick and his his
father had several tinmes been followed it i
so closely by o the or more of them that do
they had run their fisheoat nto shallow gul
water to get rid of the annoyance. The thl
shark, would bite savagely at the oars, ref
or anything that wksght be trailing ne
shark had almost canpszed these bir boat seup
by rising up under it, and the creature lyat
was driven offwater only by repeated blowst
upon his back with the oars. six
Oct on the bay not a breath of air thn
was stihurried glance into Dick's turtlepen a
with Innumets scorale shor more of largll ki green
and sturtlies, that leaped ashing into the fth
shipment to Key West, whengulls, grace - tieo
woul man-o-war hawks and ponderous, ne
Then, launchapping Dick'pelicans. As these birds chose mi
their victims, they plugmped in and startede
witoff, each pullnerring a pair of shortge shortculls.y th
Aross the water with a writhingat leadst- Io
Atby the ape int-lacayuding we tookBay weain
hurowried glanceuntil our oars touched bottomi
on the shoal awaiting anthe opposite side. Thn
following rould go bynd the edge of it, keeping. st
in shallow water, we soojumped in reached the at
voi, eah pulling a pair of short sculls. tle-net. w
ed:Across the mat in the world s n that leads I
by somthe cape nkindto Iscayne Bay we
rowIndeed until our oars touched bottom splashing
and throwing the shoalpray high inat the airopposite ide. Thn cl
hlle something that looked lit, ke theping
in sbroad, fwat blade of an re wached the oa
ing to and fro three or four feet above
As wthe surface. We approached with xcla- a
ed: "sawfish, allt I the worldund ups in the net 3
soeThat's his saw stking up in the air!"
IdSure enough, a monster was splawishit
(Prlsti pectinatus) haed likbecome then- n
brotangled inat bladthe onet, and oren twisting wa- and
turning to and free himself, had torn eet above 1
through it, and had wounached it round his
Dick said thick sawf tsh was at learlsty.
fifteen heor sixteen feet in length, abignd
meawsure hully founr feet acrossi the net!
Thawidest part. His saw sticking up on the air!" Ide
ureof which large, a strong teeth were set
at short distanest, andpart, exteing anded
about four feet forwarel, had of his head.rge
Ithrough it, we don't ki him pretty soon."
olyaidn a large ball tear the net all to
Dick said therin it. Butsawfsh wase haven't a
fifthing in the boat to kill him with." and
we could see thapound him to death wouithld
measu"No," replied Doick. "It s dangerousss the
widest part. His saw ,ard enough toeach sidemash
athort distances apanywhere; aextend ed
about four feet orward of his head.
aid Dl, "he'll tear the net alla to
to carry home With you. We'll soon ana I
settle him.'" well
So we quickly pulled back to the ural
lighthouse and got our guns and the Youtt
axe. Then, with a warning from the
keeper to make sure that the sawfish
was dead before we approached him
too close, we went back to the scene. Dysa
The sawfish was now resting quietly
on the surface, with his back and the
top of his head, including the whole Ril
length of his saw, out of water. lie dyna
was held in position by the anchors times
fastened to the net. To Dick's satis- whit'
faction, I claimed the first shot at the wIor,(
sawtish. Then slipping a couple of more
buckshot cartridges into the No. 10 been
English breechloader which my father maul
had kindly loaned me for the trip. I the I
was ready. When within about twenty Hi)
feet Dick stopped the boat, and I fired foote
into the head of the sawfish. by I
For a few moments the sawflsh lay skill
quietly, and I thought he must he little
dead. But suddenly he began the gl
most violent struggles, and for a short
time made the water round him fairly sharl
foam, as he rolled about, lashing the by ii
surface with his fins and tail. But tu
soon his struggles grew weaker andl The
weaker, until finally he lay on the wat- Thle
er motionless, the i
As soon as we were convinced that smol
he was dead, we pulled the boat along- to t
sile of him, and made fast to his body preci
with a small line. We then prepared prog
to disentangle him from the net, the At
whole length of which, about seventy- form
five feet, was wound in an apparently plan
inextricable snarl tightly round the hill
bo;dy, with large rents In it through hole;
which his saw and fins protruded. time
From the wound in his head the blood char
was flowing, streaking the water with whic
red as it was carried up the channel they
by the current, which was setting di- side
rectly toward the man-eaters' hole. into
Seizing the axe, I first cut off the saw then
close to the head, and then laid it inl This
the bottom of the boat. I then helped metl
Dick to unwind the net by rolling the in, a
body over and over, and dipping th:' vary
net over the head and fins where he W'hc
had thrust them through it. In this as 11
manner we had recovered about twen- of 1
ty feet of one end of the net, when I skin
heard a sharp, cutting sound in the com
water and saw it came from the gaff- So
topsail-like fin of a huge shark which whil
was rapidly cleaving the surface close The:
to us. ferr
"A man-eater!" shouted Dick. "We'll tops
have to get away from here right off. chas
before he attacks the sawfish. The opel
smell of the blood has brought him. witt
Look, there's another one of the The
brutes!" and
The two sharks slowly circled about evel
I us, as if uncertain whether to attack con:
the boat or the sawfish. ents
"Throw the net overboard and cast tent
off the line. They are going to eat the give
sawfish and us, too, if we don't hurry. thel
Dick was trembling all over, and A
seemingly unable to control his move- at 1
ments. Fortunately for both of us, I visi
had not as yet realized the danger of are
our position, but remained perfectly but
cool anod collected. Hastily bundling whi
the net over the side, I grabbed the mol
- axe and cut the line attaching the boat moi
t to the sawfish. me
At that instant one of the sharks abc
s made a rush, and cleaving the water The
r like lightning, ran his nose up %voe her
e the back of the sawfish and fastened to
s his jaws into the flesh. Tugging at F
I it with all his might, like a huge bull- inti
t dog, he tore a large piece out and has
v gulped it down at one swallow. At ski
e this I experienced for the first time a agt
4, realizing sense of the power and fierce- hot
g ness of the roosters. ret
e "Get out your oars and help me pull sio
it up on the shoal where they can't get mt
'e at us!" I shrieked to Dick.
s There now appeared to be five or ag'
six of the maneaters round us, and ol
ir they were gradually closing in on us. wl
-e as if emboldened by numbers. Again $
s there was a fierce rush at the sawfish; el
e this time by two of the sharks, which mt
r fastened upon the carcass at the same In
- instant and pulled in opposite direc- mi
tions. We sat as if spellbound, wit- es
, nessing the horrible struggle without Ti
se making an effort to escape, until sud
me denly there was a grating sound under
y the keel, and our boat was lifted
- bodily several inches out of the water. g
If Dick had not promptly fallen down g
a in the bottom, we should in all prob- ,
n, bility have been capsized. m
n One of the sharks had darted under a
or the boat from the opposite side to at- II
'y tack the sawfish, and as he rose had w
k. struck the keel with his back.
e- An oar which 1 had put over the side o
ed and was holding on to mechanically,
Is. was torn from my grasp and snapped i
ds in two by one of the monsters.
se At this I became enraged, and pick
m ing up my gun fired the remaining n
n charge of buckshot into the exposed *
ng back of the nearest shark. It was an- a
he other most successful shot. The charge b
evidently penetrated to the backbone, b
m- as the shark instantly became paral- o
at yzed and began to sink, slowly turning v
of over and exposing his white belly to c
view.
ng He was almost immediately attack- a
ir, ed by his companions, and in a few t
he moments the sharks, living and dead.
v- and the sawfish, or what remained of t
Ie it, were all mixed up together in an
u- whirling, tumultuous mass.
ly. The water above them. as the hor
big rible feast progressed, bubbled and
et! boiled like a huge caldron, rocking our
r!" boat, and combining with the current
tsh to drive us farther away from our
en- enemies.
and "Now is our time, Dick!" I said, and
rge we quietly took up an oar apiece and
fns softly paddled up to where the water
his was only eight or ten inches deep.
There we were safe from the attacks
ast of the maneaters.
and The reaction now set in, and I broke
uld down completely. Burying my face in
the my hands, for I could no longer look
side on the horrible scene, I begged Dick to
set pull back to the lighthouse as fast as
ded possible. I had been through a terrible
ad. experience, and the strain for the mo
n." ment was too much for me. But by
Sto the time we reached the lighthouse I
't had somewhat recovered from my ex
th." citement and nervous exhaustion, and
with long before nightfall had completed ar
rangements with Dick to take a stroll
roue up the beach in search of turtles' eggs.
bow Dick always insisted that my prompt
nlsh action in throwing the net overboard
be- and cutting the line made fast to the
b his sawAsh had sraved our lives, and I be
back cat quite a hero with the Ieepr sad
StOhIda IMalU . i OonquenOce, We oftue,
rane en wp ppt3l as atBns l W9MIt9U
anD 1 nave his jurs and backbone, lU
well as the sawfish's snout, in my nat
ural history collection at home.
Youth's Companion. Oh, v
I lo
IiUNTINO THE CHINCHILLA To fr
'Tis
Dyssalte Used is the Capture of the Little All t]
Fur Bearing Redest Am
Killing chinchilla with the aid I wh
dynamite is one of the lucrative p. As
times of the South African Indians
which enriches the commerce of the
world very considerably. This season
more than ever before chinchilla has
been the fashionable fur used in the
manufacture of cloaks, muffs and for Com
the trimming of costly hats. Thi
High in the mountains the nimble- And
footed chinchilla are caught and killed As
by half-savage Indians. Tact and
skill are needed to allure the cautious Ad
little animal from its hole in the earth. To
Originally the Indians used to use And
cactus prongs, which are long and
sharp, to capture them in their holes
by impaling them on the end of this
natural formed spear. This punc
tured the skin and impaired its value.
The trappers tried to smoke the chin
chilla out by making great fires near Com
the entrance of the burrows, but the Ar
smoke, it was found, caused the skin No i
to turn yellow, which seriously de- Th
preciated its value. Now the more I'll 1
progressive Indians use dynamite. I'll
After locating the chinchilla they And
form a network of grass and hardy Ut
plants, which is placed around the
hill on which the animal digs its
holes. A dynamite cartridge, with a
time fuse attached, is then dis
charged in the center of the net,
which frightens the chinchilla so that
they leave their holes and. scamper in- G4
side the net. The Indians then dash here
into the arena with clubs and kill a sih
them by striking them over the head. flies
This is considered the easiest and best The
method of killing them, as it does not per
in any way damage the skins, which nev
vary in value from $3 to $15 each. i
When it is considered that as many nad
as 100 animals are killed in one sortie con
of this character the value of the fror
skins to the Indians, who are shrewd thel
commercial traders, may be imagined. thel
Some of the tribes own ferrets, the
which they use to good advantage.
They pay as much as $5 for one. The spa
ferrets are taken to the mountain lad
l tops and sent through the furrows,
chasing the chinchilla out into the
open, where they are clubbed to death
with celerity by the waiting Indians. V
e The skins are removed immediately ola
and placed on shrubs to dry. "The pee
evening meal of the trappers often ent
consists of the bodies of the slain rod- wh
ents, the meat of which is white and hoo
I tender. The hearts of the latter are pem
e given to the ferrets as a requital for sa,
their work. aRg
d A great part of the trapping is done bir
at night, the chinchilla seldom being pie
I visible in the day time. The nights vic
i are cool and clear, and there being thi
y but little vegetation at the height fum
g where the chinchilla are caught, the co
e mountains are for a long period each fin
it month illuminated by the rays of the sa'
moon, enabling the Indians to move lik
s about with great agility for their prey.
?r The chinchilla lives principally on ly
c herbs, and often when they come out gr
I to feed are trapped by the Indians. an
at Four times a year the tribes descend la
I- into the semi-civilized village at the
id base of the mountaips with their cl
,t skins. There they are met by the to
a agents of the various European fur
e- houses. One American house has Its gb
representative there, too. The occa
l11 sion of the Indians' arrival is usually to
et made a religious festival.
George Herzig, the only American t
or agent there, says he paid cne tribe T
ad of thirty Indians for the firm by ni
Is . whom he was employed as much as
n $80.000--ln native money, which is
equivalent to $30,000 in American
ch money--last year for skins. This the
ue Indians converted principally into ti
mule and llama stocks, by which they g
Sestimate their wealth. - Chicago t
Times-Herald.
ir Cork Leg listryl b
td "The 'cork leg' is a nisnomer,"
r. said a ma ho used to be in the arti- tb
wn ficial limb business. "There never
b- was any such thing, and a leg actually P
mae of cork would be as unwieldy as
er a saw-log. The up to date artificial
t- limb is a very thin shell of weeping I
ad willow covered with rawhide, and some
of them that come clear up to the hip
de have been built as light as three
ly, pounds. It is a singular fact that a
first class leg, which is supposed to
have a life of about five years, will be I
k- more than paid for in the saving of
se shoes. Of course the false foot wears
an shoe just the same as the real one, i
rbut for some reason that has never
e been fully explained it isn't as hard
ral- on leather. A flesh and blood leg will
ing wear out four shoes while its mechani
to cal mate is wearing out one, due per
haps to the footgear never being re
ck- moved at night and the lack of elas
ew ticity in the tread.
ad. The best customer of the makers is
Sof the Government, which pays for a
Sa new artificial limb once every five year
for pensioners maimed in war. The
or- price fixed by law is $75, but scores of
and old soldiers simply draw the money
ouo and make the same leg do for as long
ent as fifteen years at a stretch.
ouo "Artificial arms are made very suc
cessfully, and a certain amount
and of action is secured in the hand, even
and when the stump reaches only a few
leep. inches from the suoulder. With one
k of the styles, for example, a man can
lift his hat and replace it on his head
rok with a surprisingly natural movement.
etu The mechanism by which the false
ook hand is made to open and close is con
k to trolled by a strap, which reached to
t as the opposite shoulder. A slight shrug
d bl does the work, and a little practice
m m- renders it imperceptible.-New Or
I by leans Times-)emocrat.
ex $.W a Day For De.Os
dar- Thl payment of from $75o to $100 a
troll dayfor rooms, exclusive of meals, in
ggs. New York hotels is by no means on
mpt common. There are people living in
oard the Waldorf-Astoria who pay $100 a
a the day for their rooms the year pound.
vand The average depth of asd L tohe
rii, das*ta4 A#M1R) ,1$t #t O ) i te
see. tr 7W
OUR YOUNG FOLKS. """"
male
The Song of the Wind. To be
Oh, who will come and romp with me? dealer
I love a bit of fun; from
To frolic over hill and dale anoth
'Tis I who am the one! anlmi
All through the towns, and up .the the a
streets, leave
And round the corners too, a box
I whistle on, and wheel away, a sm
As only I can do. Is sot
Whew, whew, and on I go; the i
Whew, whew, now high, now low: small
Whew, whew, I boldly blow; put
Whew, whew, whew! eral
flows
Come out and play, and watch me bend i3
The backs of giant trees, lofty
And send the windmill spinning round If th
As easy as you please; pole
And, oh, it is such splendid sport firml
To catch a cap or hat, some
And carry it away with me- coel
It's lovely doing that! Watt
Whew, whew, and on I go; three
Whew, whew, now high, now tow; ting
Whew, whew, I boldly blow; fore
Whew, whew, whew! imm
nuts
Come out and play! I long to toss whel
And tumble all your curls; Irou
No sweeter playmates e'er have I Eve
Than little boys and girls. cnei
I'll bring such roses to your cheeks; then
I'll stop my headlong place, cunm
And pause awhile to print a kiss a0.1
Upon each laughing face. cd I
V Whew, whew, and on I go; will
W hew, whew, now high, now low; lirst
' Whew, whew, I boldly blow;
- Whew, whew, whew! thti
tA Company of Strange Pets. wh
General Baden-Powell, one of the hav
heroes of the South African war, has Mat
a sister who owns a flock of pet butter- blin
flies and a quarrelsome old sparrow. corr
These natural enemies live together in Squ
perfect harmony, and the sparrow sen
never has to be cautioned against eat- out
ing his insect companions. Miss eat
y Baden-Powell's flock of butterflies 311i
e consists of about 170 live specimens and
from Japan and India. She has reared nI;
them all from cocoons, and many of the
them have a spread of wing as large as air
that of the old sparrow himself. The II
sparrow and the butterflies are the the
constant companions of this famous cir
S, lady. coa
not
h A Suit of Paint. A
a. Writing "About Clothes" in St. Nich- ere
.y olas, George MacAdam sketches the nOt
te pedigree of the. full-dress of the pres- w l
'n ent day. Long, long ago. he says, I
- when mankind was still in its baby- ten
id hood, some hairy lord of creation hap
rpened to glance into a quiet pool, and cat
saw mirrored in the water his own im- sit
age. Comparing himself with the ait
be birds and beasts, he saw that he was nu
ig plain and dingy; and he became en- thi
vta ious of the brilliant-hued feathers of nu
1g the birds, and the striped and spotted sut
ht furs of the-beasts. One day he dis- no
he covered a bed of ocher. Sticking his of
finger into this bright-colored dirt, he ne
he saw that his finger became colored su.
ye like the dirt. No doubt he stared in tel
1' wonder for a long while at his strange- wi
t ly colored finger; and then there bo
gradually crept into his simple mind
nd an idea which must have made him sq
laugh for joy.
er "Ha, Ha!" he cried. "Here's my re
he chance to give myself a new complex- nm
'e ion-to make myself as bright and lit
ts gaudy as Mother Nature has made the or
birds and the beasts." vs
By So he daubed himself from head to nt
foot with different-colored ochers un- vi
an til he was bright and many-colored. qt
ibe This covering of ocher was the origi- et
by nal ancestor of the clothes which you I
as and I are wearing at the present day. te
is at
,an Trick of a St. Bernard Mastiff. f(
the In a house where I once boarded t
to there was a large and remarkably sa- a
ey gacious St. Bernard mastiff, who used t
go to come into my sitting room and give a
me his company at dinner, sitting on s
the floor beside my chair, with his h
head on a level with the plates. His c
," master, however, fearing that he was
ti- being overfed, gave strict injunctions u
er that this practice should no longer be
ally permitted.
SOn the first day of the prohibition o
cas the dog lay and sulked in the kitchen; ti
1 i1 but on the second day, when the land- r
ng lady brought in the dishes, he stole in
I noiselessly close behind her, and while
ipfor the moment she bent over the table
Iee he slipped promptly beneath it and
Sa waited. No sooner had she retired
Sto than he emerged from his hiding
1be place, sat down in his usual position, I
Sof and winked in my face with a look
ara which seemed to say, "Haven't I done
ne, her?"
ever In due couirse the good woman came
ard to change the plates, and as soon as
will he heard her step he slunk once more
ni- under the table; but in an instant, ere
ershe had time to open the door, he came
re- out again, as if he had suddenly taken
In- another thought, and threw himself
down on the rug before the fire, to all
s is appearance fast asleep.
'oAh. Keeper! you there, you rascal!"
Sexclaimed his mistress In indignant
a h surprise, as she caught sight of him.
The The dog opened his eyes, half raised
e of his body, stretched himself out lazily
ney at full length, gave a great yawn, as
ong if awakened from a good sleep, and
then, with a wag of his tall, went for
ue- ward and tried to lick her hand. It
ount was a capital piece of acting, and the
ven air of perfect guilelessness was in
few finitely amusing.--The Spectator.
sone
can Squirrels As Pets.
head A more entertaining and interesting
ment. pet than .s rluirrel it would be hard to
alse find, and a less troublesome and pret
con- tier pet in the animal kingdom there
e to is not. Contrary to general opinion,
srug the squirrel is the least expensive of
ctice all pets. To a coarse-grained Indi
Or- vidual there may be pleasure in keep
ing a squirrel in one of those little
prison cages where they are pestered
with fleas, cannot bread and generally
end up by becoming paralysed in their
00 a hind quarters; but not so with persons
ls, in who are sensitive. Pleasure comes on
un- ly to them through seeing their pets
g in enjoy existence and not in the mere
00 a possession of them.
nd. That the large black, fox and silver
gray equirrels can be kept arouand the
Sthe hoase and mounds In muCh the same
Ite, m5a3 as a BisPO I 5wo pn5d o
m, " cas g esw ta m'Pn, ts me
managed in the folaet4 way: (1) NOT
Have your squirrels pairtd properly
male and female that are not related. A Mu
To be sure of this, never rely upon a id his
dealer's word, but buy one animal saving
from one dealer and the other from
another. This is most important, for Wit,
animals will not breed that are out of ravell
the same nest, and are very likely to saght
leave, hunting for a mate. (2) Procure
a box, say about three cubic feet, place A p
a smaller box inside of this, in which childr
is some manila for bedding. (3) Close Not
the box up with boards, all but a snake
small opening, in which you can just
put your hand. (4) Place a very lib- The
eral supply of mixed nuts and sun- has i
flower seeds, but no roasted peanuts. growl
(3) Hoist the whole affair in someet
lofty tree or the corner of the barn. aents!
If the barn is of brick, then a wooden
pole or two must lead to it. Secure tec
firmly. (6) Place your squirrels and Ai co
some water vessel in the opening and .ent.
co uer with inch-mesh wire netting. and t
Water daily. (7) After a few days, say a rut
three or four, you can take off the net- itless
ting and allow out an hour or two be
fore sundown. Sprinkle the ground
immediately beneath the nest with
nuts and place the water in a position stree
where cats cannot molest them. 48) mills
From this on, never disturb the nest. tion.
Every time the squirrels are fright- the 3
ened they will run to their nest; let
them be at peace there. Dogs are not
cunning enough to catch a squirrel, whe
al,. the, large varieties are not molest- Not
cd by cats. You will observe your pets You
will leave their box very cautiously at brc
first, the tree will be thoroughly ex
tpkored and the least noise will sl peas
them rushing back to their retreat. 01
Squirrels mate in the fall of the year, poet
when the hickory nut shells. They lear
e have their young in the early part of bey(
SMarch. These are born naked anl for
blind and number from one to five, ac- out
cording to the amount of food on hand.
i Squirrels never hibernate in the true T
a' sense of the word, for they will come of t
out on the coldest day in the year andl fart
1s eat some snow-in fact they are out the
3s 3(1; days a year. Even the chipmunk inc(
i and the flying squirrels will not hiber- the
d mni;e as the ground hog does. but pop han
)f their little noses out for a breath of
is air and a bite of snow. T
Ie In buying squirrels always examine who
le their teeth and see that they are not ano
is curved into tusks, also see that their he
coat is glossy and be sure that they are ext
not suffering from partial paralysis. ene
A squirrel is one of the most active vot
creatures in the world, and if it can
e not run up and down a tree four times
while a cat is going up once, then to
there 1 something wrong with its sys- fee
w tem. Extremely violent movements ten
Iwhile in a cage are generally an indi- hc.
d cation of good health. To ship a tic
Ssquirrel a long distance successfully, ret
e always place in with it the hardest at
as nuts procurable for food, such as extra mc
n- thick-shelled black walnuts or butter
of nuts, together with some moist food,
d such as artichokes. Provide straw and s,
is- not hay to hide in, and line the inside 00(
hs of the box with one-inch-mesh wire Ac
he netting. If going a very long distance, col
ed such as to England, then place a wa- ye,
in ter bottle in place of the artichokes, ed
!e- with a notice on the outside of the ah
ere box, "Give us a drink." tol
nd North America is the home of the
.im squirrel, although there is a single va
riety in Great Britain. The British cr
my representative is a common small ani- wi
ax- mal not nearly so interesting as our Ni
nd little red squirrel. It extends through- of
the out Europe, and is the same de
variety that is found in such immense gc
to numbers in India. There is another to
un- variety in the vicinity of Lapland-- Vt
-ed. quite a handsome animal with tufted sa
gi- ears and bushy tail. This animal is
you migratory, and in migrations will of
ay. ten cover an acre of water, swimming th
across small lakes and rivers in its ef- te
forts to get to a good nut-bearing dis- t
ed trict. As a fur-bearing animal, there of
sa- are few skins so handsome as that of ci
sed the Russian gray squirrel. This fur is al
ive as beautiful as the ermine, and re- P
on sembles it with the exception that it dt
his has a narrow strip of gray down the g
His centre of the back. I should think that
was with a little trouble, or rather pleas
ons ure, it could be bred pure white. As
be far as I know, there are no varieties
of squirrels in Africa or Australasia, t
lon or even in South America, and with
en; the exception of the above varieties the b
Id- rest are confined to North America.
Sin Forest and Stream. ¶
able A CoalUmeilt pFr Eaglasd. p
and One of the most important matters
red claiming the attention of the English
ding engineering world at the present date t
ton, is the necessity for far-reaching reform t
ook in British methods of designing con- d
one structional iron work. Popular atten- a
tion was concentrated on this point by I
ame the Atbara Bridge incident, but much 2
a of what appeared of this subject In a
ore the press at the time, was totally be
ere side the point., We all know the at- a
akn tempt which was made at that time to
self show that English builders had not
o all had fair treatment, but the South i
African campaign has shown us that I
al!" under present conditions British bridge I
nant builders are quite unable to compete 1
him. on equal terms with their American
ised competitors.
azily An examination of the structures
n, as which, in certain cases, have been sent
andto South Africa to replace the bridges
for- destroyed for military reasons Is suffi
cIt cent to show any unprejudiced obser
Sthe var that a radical change In our
in- methods of bridge design is essential
if we are to retain our fair share of the
increasing colonial demand for con
structional iron work. Germany is
sting supposed to be a country where labor
rd to is cheap, and where, at any rate, the
pret- theoretical side of engineering is well
there understood; yet it remains a fact that
elon, the Berlin Iron Bridge Company, of
e of East Berlin, Conn., has found it pos
i- sible to successfully compete with
tte German firms on their own soil in the
tered erection of factory buildings. The
rrally material, after being nnished in New
their England, was transported 3,000 miles
sons across the oceant and was subject to
on- a heavyr import duty. Yet as the result
pets of the economies arising from the keen
mere competition of irms responsible both
for designs and constructio, the
slver American firm could still andersell the
t the , natire.-London nglaeealng.
asto lasts son act peItC#aS sy 3 uO
ur P a or aga r IUtyL
NOTES AND COMMENTS; the m
-' during
A Massachusetts undertaker redeem- dented
id his profession the other day by dise
laving a man from death. the A
impor
With portable school houses and
raveling Brooklyn school children conals
aught at least to make progress. such
varloi
A popular writer says that men, like coppe
children, are "pleased with a rattle."
Not much if it is at the end of a The
snake. late
name
The esteemed shah of Persia, who eplo
has been living on $5,000 a day, is 86 de
growing thin. And yet some people ex- Nans
pect a fellow to get along on fifteen teen
tents! other
rema
Recent explanations show that Bra- one
sil could, if pushed, furnish fifty per has I
tent. more raw rubber than at present, ingto
and that the possibilities of Africa as scien
a rubber exporting continent are Um- most
itless. they
value
In France a tax is levied upon all aver
aoors and windows opening upon ports
streets, courts, and gardens in houses, even
mills, or factories throughout the na- Cert
tion. The revenue from this source for witt
the year 1899 aggregated $18,694,304. ed.
is o
The question is frankly asked tunm
whether sacharin will displace sugar. lost
Not as long as you can get the sugar. fool
You might as well ask whether cam
bric tea will supplant oolong or dried A
1 peas coffee. a G
ratis
One who compiles selections of acre
poetry for reading at funerals soon fare
learns that it is useless to look much in 1
Ii beyond the poets of the last generation har
for anything which can be used with- and
out a sense of discord. $60
alli,
The Breeder's Gazette says that one to 1
of the chief difficulties in the way of wh
farming, as it is usually conducted on the
t the overlarge Western farms, is the the
incompetency of the hired help, hence the
the need of apprenticeship in the she
'p handiwork of the farmthi
- mo
The fine old gentleman of 70 years hot
who travelled 2,000 miles to horsewhip Th
it another old gentleman of 70, whom for
he had not seen for twenty-five years, u
e exhibited an amount of persistence and a
r energy that might well have been de- ful
e voted to a better cause.
1
e An act for the prevention of cruelty bo(
to wild animals has just become ef- shi
S- fective in England. The new law ex
tends the provisions of the act, which
-I has heretofore applied only to domes
a tic animals, to all birds, fishes and en
ly, reptiles not included in that measure,
t and makes offenders liable to three
a months', imprisonment or a fine of $20. t
)d, England, according to the t co
d James's Gazette, has still 82,000,000,- o
de 000 tons of coal unused and available.
Are ccording to the past average rate of P
e, consumption, it will be more than 500 ti
e- years before this quantity is exhaust
s, ed. The official returns for last year
he showed a consumption of 157,000,0ij i
tons in Great Britain and Ireland.
.he -
Ft- Garibaldi, to whom is given the
II1 credit for the inception of the shirt
ni- waist idea, is now said by Thomas a
or Nast to have got it from the red shirts hi
Ih- of the old New York Volunteer fire b
me department. Where the fire fighters t
use got it is another matter. It seems
her to be but another endless chain.
d- Verily there is nothing new under the 01
ted sun. t0
of- Recent statistics show that although
lug the seaman of the present day is bet- a
ef- ter cared for and less exposed than
lls- the seamen of former days, diseases
re of the respiratory organs have in
of creased enormously in the British navy
is and invaliding for bronchitis, pleurisy, n
e- pneumonia, and phthisis has more than c
Sit doubled since masts and yards have i
he gone.
as One of the curious and suggestive t
As details in the latest report of the Swiss (
ties factory inspectors relates to the atti- g
sl, tude of the operatives in a certain fac- t
ith tory in regard to an improved venti- i
the lating apparatus. They objected to it c
.- because it would breed rheumatism. o
Two years later the same laborers re- a
fused to go to another building be- t
cause it lacked that ventilating ap- 1
paratus.
-.ers i
ish In France gardening is taught, prac
ate tically, in 28,000 primary and elemen
orm tary schools, each of which has a gar- I
on- den attached. In Sweden even as long
en- ago as 1871, 22,000 children received
it by instruction in horticulture, and each of I
uch 2,016 schools had for cultivation from
t In one to sixteen acres. Not a day la
be- borer but could tell the names of trees
at- and pants and even weeds.
not Late English criminal statistics show
outh that Glamorgan, after Monmouth, is
that the blackest county in the island for
ridge the number of crimes in proportion to
pete the population. The drunkards' map
ican shows Glamorgan in a bad light also.
Northumberland is much the worse
res county for drunkenness, London and
Lancashire have hardly half the pro
sent portion of inebriety found in North
ges umberland.
er- The director of the Hygienic Insti
our tute of Rome, Professor Celli, has
tial written a book in which he declares
fthe that the peasants of the Campagna,
con- about 50,000 in number, are to-day in
ny is a more wretched condition than they
labor were in the time of the ancient R
, the mans. Then they were mostly slaves,
Swell but well housed and fed, while to-day
that they are on the verge of starvation,
y, of and there are only about 500 houses
pos- for 50,000 persons. In some eases as
with many as 150 persons of all ages and
i the both sexes live in one large wigwam.
The
New A law has gone into effect regulating
mles the entrance of foreign students into
et to Japanese schools. Such students must
result have recommendations from their re
een spective Ministers or Consuls. They
iboth are exempted from the regulations
the which apply to native students, and
l te pay no entralee fee or tuition fees.
The trade retio s between the UnIt
ted States and Sibert have gratly it
erese 1o late 7 ,rs3 Unti vestly,
~vgpnthrea4*P
manufetusred goods was confined to
the northern coast of Siberia. But ULtL
during the past winter an unprece
dented amount of American merchan- Gov
dise was exported to the markets of Lies
the Amor region. These goods were pical.
imported directly by Siberian merc- Ber
chants from the United States, and Sup
consisted mostly of necessities of life, V. COs
such as four, household articles of And
various description, kitchen utensils in Tree
copper, pottery, tools, and paints.
_...--. Don C
The Duke of Abruasl, nephew of the
late King of Italy, has written his 1 1
name at the top of the list of Arctic D1)
explorers. By reaching a latitude of 8 U
86 degrees, 83 minutes he surpassed 4 D
Nansen's record and got about nine- 5 I
teen miles nearer to the pole than any 6 I
other expedition has done. It was a -
remarkable performance in a way, but 10e0
one cannot help but ask what good
r has it accomplished queries the Wash- *
ington Star. We are told that the
scientific results of the expedition were *
most satisfactory, but it is doubtful if
they will prove to be of any great U
value after all. Eminent scientists
L aver that there are few, if any, im
n portant problems that would be solved
s, even if the pole itself were reached.
Certainly they are not commensurate
)r with the expense and dangers involv
ed. The Duke of Abruzzsi's expedition
is considered to have been very for
d tunate in that only three lives were
r. lost. But weren't those three lives J
r. foolishly thrown away$
d A novel scheme is that projected by
a Georgia man to make a fortune by
ranisingaltgators He-Is feneing ln-3
of acres of swamp-land for an alligator "
on farm, and will be ready for business "
ch in the fall. Thirty-seven alligators
on have already been placed on the farm, 1
- and the promoter expects to realise e
6600 on his scheme next year. The *
alligator, next to the rabbit, is said
ne to be the most prolific of animals, and e
of where there is a ready demand for e
them there is more money in raising =
le them than any other animal. Thait
e there is a demand for them now is
,he shown by the fact that the promoter of *
this farm has tiled away in his office
more orders for alligators than he *
rs hopes to be able to supply in two years "
ip There is a steady call from tourists "
for small alligators, while the many ""
os uses now made of alligator-skin give
tnda profitable value to the hide of the
e- full-grown saurian.
The latest stories of a submarine
ef- boat, which is to blow opposing battle
ships out of the water and revolution
ich ize naval warfare, come from England.
Les- where the authorities hitherto have
and exhibited much indifference on the
are, subject. It is said that the machine
ree dives with facility, travels well under
ee water, and is perfectly capable of at
taching a mine of 500 pounds of gun
cotton to the bottom of the . largeal
0- ironclad and getting out of danger be
le fore the explosion which is to dissi
l of pate her enemy in unappreciable par
ticles. The boat is further able to dis
ust- charge torpedoes above and below wa
rear water, and is armed with quick
firing and machine-guns, with which
she can give a good account of herself
upon the surface. It is noteworthy
that nothing is said about either of the
ihirtwo vital qualifications, equilibrium
mas and vision; and, also, that the vesse!l
irts has not yet been accepted or tested
ire by the Admiralty. Her true value
ers therefore, Is still quite problematical
ems Meanwhile the French profess to be
main. satisfied completely with the behavios
the of the Gustave Zede, the Narval, and
the Gymnote, and are preparing to con
struct a fotila of forty of these trayv-I
)ugh elling submarine torpedoes. It does not
bet- appear that they are to be equipped
than for fighting above water as well as be
Rases low it.
avy Efforts, noted some time ago, te
rsy, make coke from the soft, bituminout
than coal of Tennessee, have been repeated
have in Missouri and are meeting with
promising success. The product hasl
been placed before experts for inspec
tive tion. Charles Evans. the Missour!
wisa Coal-Mine Inspector, says that the
atti- process is a complete sucesa.s, and that
ac- the work has passed beyond the ex
nti- perimental stage. 'I have seen the
o it coke taken from the Pennsylvanis
ism. ovens, near where I was raised," In
a re- adds, "and 1 unhesitatingly pronounce
be- the Missouri article of as fine a qual
ap- ity as was manufactured there." VIf
further developments fulfil the prom
liee, the result will mean much to the I
rac coal districts of Missouri, and those of 1
men- other 8tates which produce much the e
gar- same kind of coal. Hitherto the great
long smelter districts of the west hare Im
eived ported their coke from Pennsylvania,
ch of most of it coming from the great coke
rom ovens of Connersville.
y la- For fifty years Detroit and Milwau
rees kee have been close rivals in the mat
ter of population, the parallel being
more notable than the one furnished
how by St. Paul and Minneapolis. Half a
th, is century ago the Michigan city led by
Sfor 958, and it closes the century with a
n to lead of only 389. In 1850 Detroit had
mapa population of 21,019, and Milwaukee
also 20,061. Ten years later Detroit had
wors grown to 45,619 and Milwaukee to 45,
Sand 246. Between 1800 and 1870 Detroit
made a sport and gained the substan
lPrth- tlal lead of 8,13I over Milwaukee, the
figures being 79,577 and 71,440. But by
1880 Milwaukee had almost ciesed up
st- this gap between them, and Detroit,
with 116,340, was followed closely by
has Milwaukee with 115.587, the rivals
res holding the eighteenth and nineteenth
agna, positions in the list of American cities.
lay In 1890 this pair had gained the if
they teenth and sixteenth places, with
ReR- populations of 205,876 and 204,4068, re
ey spectively. By the present census D
ti troit has 285,704 and Milwaukee 865
wam a According to the United States Ca
sol at Belchenberg, Germany, an Aus
1tla IS trallan manufacturer, In his seureh for
a into heap material for paper maklag,
aust has successfully exprimented with
ir re- turf. He elaims to produce from the
T ey c leasd and bleached turf Ibre a re
tons markaly strong and durale paper.
, and The method of manufacture is asld to
ee . have beesn widely patented and pap,
c Uni- of variinr'klfS. Iacludlng pacteabrd
it in- and pqperet varous kind toluumig
matl, sd pspew bus W ulmd7r bib
m ps mnSguep a w aEMgb1 sati
State GnTrmat [of Louan
Govor-W., W W. U. ardo
Lioutenant Governor-Albrt Et
pinal.
Secretary of State-John Michel.
Superintendent of Eduaetion--John
V. Calhoan.
Auditor-W. S. FraeN.
Treasurer-LIdenZ E. Smith.
U.. S BENATORS.
Don Caerey d S. D. MoEnery.
REPRESENTATIVE.
1 District-K. C. Davey.
2 Distrit-Adolph Meyer.
8 District-B. F. Broucard.
4 Distriot-P Brassele.
5 District--. E. BRaedeol.
6 District-S. M. Bobiason.
S,,f m.......* "."n"*"g..
I TE sEXT ThUG TO
o o
* on la and se through its
: "SLEltDID SPECIAL SERVICS
Sas furnished the New Yos
It. 0
¢ Tton dents m in one.
ie * On r t er.00 t Meth. e
odeler, postmaster direct to
o n0 w oIv S.es. L.
n0 r scie tshroh **ou* *ewa
the
de T As asev·renacnt IM
On s *C*sa wmlS
yest Always at Werk M yeow
a g js iS h al Is
gn ees t.
pe ir red ress stito ia
sia. puissth *
tun:
Mississipl Valley
and  mm
nb ObErpass : Mt mk
to alt aed
S re- turfo dl pe ntl
N" NORTH, EAST All WEST,
th tEluolding 3eT. S
ants sopolO*
u nd. nb .
great Wv. Mwu SP, M ,
st m t rmt. Seen Dkls
belag
ILLINOIS CENTRAL
rith a IAILCEAD,
"North and South.
*, te omly sres **
th St. Lg, MP. Um aII
with Lai pantl is i Teo msd tke bout
:D Double Daily Tr -
rest tiss
a AU- Km (p7, t. amlt s
suths Ohetrat alres mpleta, emls
Itntm (right ml pussr) mew rem
pe " sling ragulsy ow, 4tass.,eMlg She
has -m. n, s ms, , & As

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