VOL. XIII. LAKE PROVIDENCE. EAST CARROLL PARISH, LA., SATURDAY FEBRUARY 2, 1901O. 38.
VOL. ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ . XIll ,mAg iRTIDNE IATCROLPRSI ASAUDY ERAYi No 3 i
A HAPPY LIFE.
Row happy is he born and taught,
That serveth not another's will;
,Whose armor is his honest thought,
'And simple truth his utmost skill!
iWhose passions not his masters are.
'Whose soul is still prepared for death,
Not tied into the world with care
Or public fame, or private breath;
Who env.es none that chance doth raise,
Or vice; who never understood
How deepest wounds are given by praise;
Nor rules of state, but rules of good;
Jake Murphy's Revengel
B LACK Jake Murphy was the
bigger, but it did not take
longer than five minutes to
determine who was the bet
ter man. Even Mike Hudok, the bli
Polander, saw it. He was viewing the
fray from an upturned beer keg it
front of Yankee Pete's saloon.
"Jim lick 'um, heap quick," he ejac
tilated, and his words were prophetic
In less than ten minutes Black .Take
was thoroughly and scientifically
"licked," and he knew it. He would
have fallen on his face again as he
staggered up after the last knock
down blow, if some one had not giver
him an arm to lean on. Through the
blood that blinded him he saw the
crowd in a red haze. But his reeling
sight looked for but one object, and
his whole brain and soul were filled
with a fierce and devilsh hatred for
the man v-ho stood near with bruised
face and bared arms--his conqueror.
Slocum's Patch had no sympathy
for Black Jake Murphy. As a rule,
the Patch displayed no excessive fas
tidiousness as to the component parts
of Its select society. It had even got
beyond objecting to the Polander and
Hungarian. But with Jake Murphy
and his father it refused to associate
on any terms more friendly than those
involved In Imbibing Yankee Pete's
whisky at their expense. It could not
be asserted that either father or son
were at all discomposed by this par.
tial ostracism. It rather seemed to
sult their sullen and morore disposi
tions. They did not seek the allure
ments of Slocum Patch society, ex
cept on the rather rare occasions when
together they sat down for a drinking
bout at Yankee Pete's. Then all who
chore could drink at their expense,
and then for the few hours their
money lasted none were more popular,
Yankee Pete did a land office business,
and could well afford the broken
,chairs and windows which usually or.
namented his groggery next morning.
Black Jake said no word as he
turned from the fray r beaten man
and staggered off toward his home,
It was a rough cabin of battened hem
lock boards. The two men had built
It themselves on a strip of company
land up on the hillside above the
rPatch. They lived there alone, and
from one year's end to another no one
else crossed its threshold. Around it,
in summer, the soft breeze murmured
among the scraggy hemlocks and oaks
The wild violet and honeysuckle gave
but their fragrance. From its door the
great Wyoming Valley stretched away
as in a panorstrAt. Pitville's many
spires rose not four miles away, and or
a still Sunday morning the distani
chime of its bells was borne to the
ear. Half a mile distant rose the mas
as've timbers that marked the opening
of the new Woodford shaft, the big
gest and deepest in all that region
where 1200 feet below the sinkers had
just struck the red ash vein and were
filnishing their contract.
The old man smoking his pipe or
his doorstep made no comment as hlt
son washed the blood from his face at
the little spring near the door. At last
"Who've yer been lickin' now?"
"No one," growled his son; "curse
him, he licked me."
The old man gave a grunt.
"Who was it?" he asked.
"Sarve yer right. I told yer to quit
foolln' round his gal. Easy nuff ter
see she thought more o' his little finger
than o' yer whore carcass."
"God strike me dead if I don't have
It was a bitttr threat that Black
Jake made, and the deadly hate that
filled his heart made it no idle one.
It was midnight, but dowin in the
shaft midnight and midday were the
same. Looking up. a faint speck of
white could be seen in the day time,
but no trace of light penetrated that
awful depth. Three men stood there.
waiting for their turn to go up. The
smokly lamps stuck in their oilskin
caps threw a dull and flickering light
over their faces and figures. wrapped
to the chin In waterproofs. They stood
in water almost to the knee. and tihe
ceaseless splash and patter of the fall
ing drops told where it came from.
Thirty feet above them, on a p!lt
form protected by heavy timbers. 'a
powerful pump made the confined air
throb with the heavy plunk pltmk of
Its stroke. The pump runner sat there
motionless, smoking. It was old Mur
phy. Black Jake's father. Jake him
self stood below, and one of the two
with him was Jim Carroll.
There was a fierce and ev!l lo,'bk in
Black Jake's eyes as they stood silent
ly waiting for the bucket to descend.
That look liad never left him since th.
day Jim Carroll had "licked" him for
being too attentive to his sweetheart
Black Jake was not the man to Ior'
give or forget, and the bitterness o"
defeat was made still more bitter Iby
disappointed love. He was a roulli
and sullen man, but years ago ie hl:d
set his heart upon that girl, hm'fore
Jim Carroll ever knew her. Bu: she
was young and he not over-coitidhnt.
He had waited too long. for Jim Car
roll stepped In, and now they were
married. Black Jake set his teeth r'nd
breathed hard when he heard it. lle
said nothing, but his old rather wt:tci
ing him knew that Carroll'. life was
in danger. Considered from an a,
stract point of view, the old'enan had
no particular objection to his son put
ting Carroll out. of the way, but somne
strange and deep-hidden houd !hld
thee two men towethe:. lhad such a
W'ho bath his lire from rurrors freel.
\'hose conscience is his strong retreat;
Whose state can neither flatterers feed,
Nor ruin make oppressors great;
Who God doth late and early pray.
Mlore of lis grace than gifts to lend;
And entertains the harmless day
With a well-chosen book or friend;
This man is freed from servile hands,
Of hope to rise. or fear to tall:
Lord of himself. though not of lands;
And having uothing. yet hath all.
--ir Henry Wotton.
possibility ever arisen, old Murphy
would readily have laid down his own
life to save that of his son. HIe
watched himi then lest he should do
that which might neces;itare his de
parture from this world at thie anis
of the sheriff. Ills watching brought
hin g:'eat uneasiness. RBnuk .lJke had
changed. lie did not s',,': an oppor
tunity to revenge his defteat 1n open
fight. IRather lie avoided Carroll, ated
when they were togethe;', ailld, work
hig in the samte shaft they could not
keep apart, lie was qnuiet, and f-air
spoken. This was not Illack Jalke's
nature and the old maln feared for
what wafs to comlle.
sitting at his post, loc.kiý dolown at
the three men below hiln. old Mu'plhy.
in the flickering light of the miners'
lamps, caught a glimpse of his son's
face and a terror fell oit him. omne
thing told him in those set and sullen
features and eyes that seeuted to burn
with inward fire that the time had
WVith a rattle and rus;t the heavy
iron bucket plunged down through the
darkness and touclhed ihe wiatec oree
It stopped, slowly turning with the
twist of the rope that, like a 'iin line
of black, disappeared in tile blackness
Jake Murphy gripped it and sprang
inside. Only two men could go up in
it at once.
"Come Jim," he cried, "gat in." and
looked at Carroll.
Old Murphy's tongue was loo.ened.
"Holohl on, Jim." he called out. "I
want yer to help me fix this valve
afore yer go up."
Jim turned irresolute. In that tmo
ment the other man jumped in the
"All right:" he cried, "Let her go:"
Carroll saw that the b)ucket was
filled. IIe must wait. anrd grasping the
lever he ga've the signal to the enguin
eer on top. There was a momnent',
pause ,and then, with a strong ::nd
sudden rush, the bucket and its occu
pants vanished in the darkness.
On top it was a calm, still sammuer
night. Above the heads of the two
men as they stepped out of the swing
ing bucket rose the framework of inmas
sive timbers 'hat supported the iulge
sheave wheels. Twenty yards away
stood the engine-house, tMle steam still
curling from the exhaust pipes. As
they left the bucket Black Jake bid his
comp:anion a surly "good night" anli
started off :s though for home. But
once out of sight lie turned and swiftly
and silently crept back. Ile passed
the mouth of the shaft, and disap
peared in the shadow of the engine
Within the engine house Tom All;s,
the engineer. stood at his post. Be
fore him was the lhuge conical drium
sixteen feet In diameter, roulnd whichl
the snake-like cable was coiled in
grooves. On each side of him were
those mighty engines whose gigantic
power could, when the time calnt'.
snatch the carriage and loaded car up
those twelve hundred feet of depth in
fifty seconds. With one hanl (o t:!le
throttle'he waited for the signal to
lower. It camne. The bell clanked. the
throttle shot open, the steam rushed
into the great cylinders, and down
dropped the bucket like a ston-,
dropped down a well. With steatld
eye Allis marked the cable as it reeled
swiftly off the drum. Hie never no
ticed the slowly-revolving dial that
told of the bucket's descent. For his
piractleed eye a hbar of white paint
d:lubed on the cable was a better
guide. In anotl;hr instant that whist'
itark was otl the drumn. 'whien tl1he
throttle was closed, tihe reversing bar
shot hack with a crashi, aigain the
steam rti.hed into thel cylinders. and
Lthe ei'iiie, with a few el'ort pan)ll,
stoplt'd. The bucket swung at tithe
S.itt'1 depth within half an inch thait
it had when .lack Blake climbed ,on
the board. It was Tonl Allis's boa:it
that if he' knlew a iana's exact h-lghti
ii( could drolt that )bucket on his head
without doing miore than smooth out
He knew there was one more man to
come up. Thlie lpulmp runner's shift
would not expire for four hours yet.
antid all the tinkers but one were ull.
Wilth his hand onil the throttle lever he
waited for the signal to hoist. A
minute iassed and two, but he stood
like a graven statue.
Clank: clank: c(-lnk: The bell slruek
three times. It was the signal to
hoist with car.. as human weight filled
the bucket. Slowly hlie drew the thror
tie open, and the gigantic engines,
waking front their bri f rest, once
more sent the drum flying round. Coil
after coil of writhlng cable was vwotnd
:about it. One hand on the throttle
and the other on the reversing leve'.
Toni Allis watched tile spinning (lruit
andt the white marks on it that told
him wheu to stop. As be stood tlhe:e
hlie felt tile reversing lever shake and
tremble,. as if soime one hld touched
it. lIe hbad no tinle to think of this. for
in another secondl tile bucket was
within one i(hundred feet of the surfaer,.
IHe closed thle th-ottle and pushed th2
,A wild cry burst from hisr lips. As
he pushed it. the bar shllot back with
a rattling crash, but the reversing gear
never moved. The engines would not
reverse In that awful moment his
presence of mind never left him. lIe
seized the brake bar and threw all his
weight upon it. Tihe band of steel that
circled the drum gripped tight. But
what could that do to stopl the mas
sive engine running at high speed?
lie jammed it back and rushed from
t he engine house.
As he did so, the bucket shot up
from. the shaft. Two men were i it.
A cry burst from them as the bucket.'
without pause or stop. leaped up amid
the heavy timbers and sped swiftly
on toward the great sheave wheels.
Another wild cry, and then an awful
crash as the bucket dashed against the
wheels. A human form whirled in
the air, struck against the timbers,
and plunged out of sight down the
yawning blackness of the shaft. An
other form was clinging to the timbers
"Who is that?" called the engineer.
"Jim Carroll," answered the man
clinking to the timbers.
"Who was it that fell down the
Another awful cry broke the stillness
of the night. Down from the shadow
of the engine house Black Jake Mur
phy came running.
"Who?" he cried, and no words can
tell the fearful agony in his voice,
"WViho went down the shaft"'
"Your father, Jake," said the en
With one bound Jake was at the
"Father," lie cried, "father'" Buc
the hback pit gave 'no answer to his
frantic call. With a wild cry he
turned. Throwing his hands aloft he
shook his clinched fist at Carroll, still
c(linging to the timbers, and with a
fearful imprecation on his lips fell
backward into the awful depth.
The investigation that followed
showed that a connecting pin in i the
reversing gear had fallen out or been
removed. It was benea:h the floor on
which the engineer stood, and any
one could reach it unseen. It was
also shown by Jim Carroll's testimony
that old M\urphy, the pump runner,
who should not ha ve left his post un
til relieved, lihad insisted on coming ur.
to the surface with him.-Waverley
FED THE MINK.
F'ish in the Low streanms Furnished Food
For Fur-Bearing Animals.
"It is truly an ill wind that blows
good to no one." remarked a skin buy
er for one of the big fur houses of the
city, according to the New York Times.
"Take last sumther's drought as an in
stance. It resulted badly in the crops
of farmers up in New England, where
I have been scouring the country for a
couple of weeks past. Mell who have
a liking for fly fishing bewailed the
lack of rain, for the streams ran dry
and trout perished by hundreds in
sonme of the mountain streams. On the
other hand, the drought was a good
thing for the hunters and trappers that
I have to deal with. They have found
that the few mink they have caught
this year have an unusually rotund ap
pearance. They are fat as butter, and
the fur is better in texture and longer
and thicker than it has been for years.
Country weather prophets will tell
you that this is because we are going
to have a winter of unusual severity.
There may be something in that; I
won't deny it. But when it comes
dlown to hard facts the reason for the
better fur on the mink is due to the
fact that the animals have had better
feeding than they have bhad for years
past. They are great fish eaters.
With the trout streams reduced to
mere rihbons of water, the big trout
all went to the deep pools and became
prisoners there. With plenty of water
to move about in a trout is abundantly
able to take care of itself as against
the mink. But, imprisoned in the
pools, the m;nk had the trout at his
mercy, and the mink that has not had
all the trout he wanted this summer
has beeni a lazy beast. They lhave been
able to simply gorge themselves, and
that is why the mink are so fat and
sleek this fall. I think the catch of
mink skins this winter, when the sea
s,n is really on, will beh the finest we
have had in a long time. So, you see,
thlle drought worked well for my busi
ness, even though it was a little hard
on the farmer and fisherman."
Il the 1anttrr of Eggs.
May I. as a whilom keeper of hens,
and, so ,to spe:m;, an eggs-l)'er't, attempt
to answer "I-'. K. M.," who wants to
IknoioW what is the differnce between
"a lnew-laid egg" a'tnd a "freshm" egg? I
cannot .-peak of the trade difference,
but tlie real dilfference is that a new
laid egg is, when boiled, milky or
'creai:lty mus It wil:lt is calledl the white,
while a merely fresh egg has the white,
or allbumlen, tralnsparcnt or colorless.
The egg after being laid ret:atints this
tlet of nI'wn.t'ss for somel three or four
d;las, acco'dillng to the season. After
that it ca:n only be called fresh. The
freshlnessll m ly last for several vweeks,
or \'vell mlonitlls, if the egg is properly
cared for. Thle only prolper waly is to
keep it on one end or the other-taking
care to turn it at least once a day.
This caun ie man:lged by hlaving a thin
board. perfo'rated with holes in which
thile eggs may rest, on a shelf exposed
to the air. The egg remains fresh and
good so long as thei yelk is evtenly con
tained in tie mniddle. T'he moluent the
yelk. which is of specitic gravity great
er than the white, touches the shell,
which is porous, it is exposed to the
air. and c:as~s into live. enteripg upon
corrupltion. By the help of lime, oil,
ultter and val'ious othe:' devices, the
life of an egg tmay be 'ro!onged for
trade purposes, but no egg can be con
sideredl fresh whlitb. if placed uinder a
hen, would not natch, and most, if not
all. of the shop eggs are dead. if not
unwholesome.-Let ter in London Times.
Bears in a Mix-Up.
Two of the mnonster Ihears at the Zoo
engaged in a tierce fight for scalps a
few days ago. Tlhe animal attendants
were compelled to use hot irons to sep
arate them. The bears fell out over a
turkey that was left over from Thanks
giving. Tiheir it' tp"r divided the tur
key "half and half," as lie thought.
One of the lh:tars got it into his lhead
th;at the other beatr had a little tile
best of it. and hostilities bIegan. The
monsters fairly shook the buil:ling and
clawed and guashed their teeth for
fully ten minutes. Bear skin was
lying around tlhc den piromiscuously.
The hear that was defeated was taken
to the Zoo hospital on a s~retcher, had
ly damaged. The hospital is a very in
teresting part of the e-tablishmeimt,
and is provided with all the necessary
::djnncts for the protper surgical treat
nment of inljured a:nimiuis.-Baltimore
'ABOUT WASHINGTON,D. C
FACTS SUCCESTED BY THE CENTEN
NIAL OF THE NATIONAL CAPITAL.
Five Miles Long by Three Wide-A French
Officer Laid Out the City-Capitol and
Vhite House Once Partially Destroyed
by the British.
On Wednesday, December 12, 100
years had passed since the United
States Government took formal posses
sion of Washington as the national
capital. Apropos of the centunial the
New York Sun published the following
Washington had a population of 3000
in 18(00 8208 in 1810, 13,474 in 1820;
the census just completed showed it to
have a population of 286,000 in 1900.
In the first decade of the city's his
tory t1e Government officials num
iered fewer than 100. Now there are
nearly 15,000, including the clerks in
the various departments.
Washington is now five miles long
by three miles wide. The District of
('olumbia contains about sixty square
miles, and all of this territory is now
being laid out with magnificent ave
nues to comprise greater Washington.
Georgetown. now a part of Wash
ington. was laid out in 1761. It is
across Rock Creek from Washington
Georgetown University, the first ed
ucational institution of the capital.
wavs founded by Bishop Carrollin 1799.
The cornerstone of the White House
was laid on October 13, 1792. Had
Congress appropriated the money
asked for last winter the cornerstone
of the new White House addition
would have been laid.
Work on the Capitol was begun on
September 18. 1793. Its centennial
was celebrated seven years ago.
The Capitol is the hub of Washing
ton, from which most of the avenues
radiate like spokes from a wheel.
After the destruction of the Capitol
in 1814, the Thirteenth Congress held
sessions in the Union Pacific Hotel,
which was built in 1793 and burned in
It was expected that the best part
of Washington would be built on Capi
tol 1111. Hence the Goddess of Lib
erty on the Capitol dome faces east
ward. But the most fashionable part
of the city is in the opposite direction,
in the northwest.
The terraces of the Capitol were
completed only in 1891, the total cost
of the building footing up to $14,435,
New York. Philadelphia, Baltimore,
Reading, Germantown, Alexandria,
Georgetown, Harrisburg. Lancaster,
Carlisle, Trenton and other towns
wanted to be selected as the capital.
But George Washington chose the
present site on the Potomac.
Washington had a municipal gov
ernment from 1802 to 1871, then a Ter
ritorial government until 1874. since
which time it has been controlled by
Congress through three District Com
The Government temporarily aban
doned Washington in 1814, when the
British captured the city, partially de
stroyed the Capitol and the White
House, end blew up the arsenal at
Pierre Charles L'Enfant, a French
a -my officer and engineer, laid out the
pwan of Washington. It is proposed to
erect a monument to him, since he re
ct ived no money for his work. His
grave is an unmarked one, on the out
ski-ts of Washington, where he died.
The dome alone of the Capitol cost
$1.230,000. The Crawford bronze door
at the Senate wing weighs 14,000
pounds and cost nearly $57,000.
'T'he hall of the House of Represen
tatives is the largest legislative as
sembly room in the world.
'lile columns of the eastern portico
of the Capitol are solid blocks of sand
rstone, each thirty feet high.
The ('ongress of the United States
has met annually in Washington since
T'he Rogcrs bronze doors at illn main
entrance to the Capitol tell the story
of ('olumbus, and cost $28.000.
The ('Capitol rotunda is ninety-five
feet six inches in diameter. and from
dloor to canopy is 18I feet three Inches.
\Vashington started in business witll
a capital of nearly $3,oi),0)0, derived
frol I.the sale of real estate exclusive
of tlint ldeded to the Government for
More thant half the area of Was:hing
ton is now devoted to thei ptublii use.
Tihe Capitol grounds alnd the Mall con
stitute a ngniltilcent and finely kept
The Tiong Bridge across tile I'otomnac
to Virginia was Ibuilt in 183;. It is
soon to be replaced by the mIagnificent
stone memorial bridge to commemor
ate the new union between the North
and the South.
Alexandria, Va.. where Washington
attended church, was founded in 1748.
and was once a lrosperous port.
Penusylvania avenue, connecting the
White House with-the Capitol. is said
to b( the broadest and finest thorough
Ifare in the world. It was tirst paved
in 1S.30, but cheaply and poorly with
I'resident Jefferson laid out Penn
sylvania avenue and had it linedl with
trees on both side. Then :t double
row of lindens was planted downll the
centre, dividing it into two streets and
a centre driveway. These trees have
now all been cut down. though a few
new ones have beenil planted on the
sides. Tile avenue is now a Iroad.
smoothly paved boulevard. It is 160
With a population of 75,000 in 1860,
Washington was still a slprawling. un
kempt. unpaved and dirty city. A ca
nal ran past the foot of the Capitol
building, but it has been covered.
It was not until 1871, under Govern
or Alexander R. Shepherd, that Wash
ington began to be a beautiful city.
In ten years 253.000.&I00 had been
spent to make .Washington clean and
In the city proper,. not ,ounting sulb
urbtan extensions, tllere are 107
streets. a.rga:tin, g 279 !niles in
length. anti twenty-on2 avenues named
after different States The suburban
extensions, now being rapidly popu
lated, contain morre than 5n) miles of
North, East and SouthCapltolstreetg
nad the Mall divide the city into four
_ections, known as northeast. south.
* ast, northwest and southwest. House
:umbers are given accordingly. There
:re four houses in Washiugton which
:ay hear the same street and number
A:ddress, but the distinguishing "N.
WN.." or whatever section is indicated.
, ompletes the address.
In Washington the numlnlered streets
oun north and south, the lettered
. treets east and west. and the system
,,f house numbering is tlhe simplest
: nd most complete of any in the coun
General Lafayette visited, Washing
ton in 1824. and was entertained for
Brown's Indian Queen Hotel, now
the 'Metropolitan. was one of the most
toted hostelries in early Washington.
In the early days the Preeidiut re
v'ived a salary of $25,00). The Vice
i'resident received $7000. Now the
'President gets $50,000, and the Vicc
It costs about $100.000 a year to run
the White House, exclusive of the
On August 23, 1S35. the Washington
branch of the Baltimore and Ohio
I'ailroad was opened.
Stage coaches contllinued to run west
ward from W\ashington as late as 1831.
The National Intelligencer was the
;"est newspaper of importance to be
established in Washington.
The battle of Bladensburg. August
21. 1814. was the first fought in de
fence of Washington, and the only one
When the ('ivil War began Wash
ington was without defenses. Two
y.ars later it was surrounded by a
chain of seventy-two forts.
The close of the war was celebrated
nt the night of April 13. 1853, by a
.'and illumination of Washington.
w:hich exceedc d any demonstration
vitnessed in the capital previously.
On Friday night. April 14, 18153,
I'resident Lincoln was assasslnated at
Ford's Theatre by John WVilkes Booth.
The building stands (on Tenth street.
between E and F. and nearly opposite
:' the house in which Lincoln died.
General Early came within a few
miles of Washington in 1864. but was
driven back by the Sixth Army Corps,
1% hich engagement was witnessed 1by
l'resident Lincoln at Fort Stevens on
.ie Seventh street road, five miles
.orth of the capital.
The northwest quarter of Washing
tn, though built upon what was once
.svamp pasture, is the most popular
part of the city to-day.
It is 116 miles from Washington to
!`e mouth of the Potomac, in Chesa
'ake Bay. and 184 miles by water to
the Atlantic Ocean.
The Bureau of Engraving and Print
Pig was begun in 1880 and completed
: a cost of $347,000. It costs about a
I illion a year to run it.
The State. War and Navy Depart
. ents are consolidated in one immense
1 tilding, which was begun in 1871. It
The Treasury Building was com
reted in 1809 at a cost of $6.000.000.
" is the largest department building
t voted to one branch of tile Govern
The Pension Office. "'where the inau
p tration halls are held." was conm
,' eted in 1883. It is entirely of brick
::-4d terra cotta. and is It'e only de
.:rtmtent building so constructed.
The P'osroffice IlepartImenrt bulilding
was erected- in 183.) atn extended in
'533. It 'ost $4,4.)0,0400.
John Quincy Adams designed t11h al
l: ,orlcal group. "The Genius of Amer
i t," on the eastern p!ortico of the Cap
The reclaimed Potomante inats will
: !d about 1000) a:i.re; to the public
irks. The area will be made into a
rtional park a!ong the river front.
Mexican cannon fill'tnhed tIl mate-lll'
r;ll for the Ibronite str:tu of UGeneral
t'infiell Siott it tile circele which
nars his tname.
The So:ety ol tie .\rlllmy of tilel' T'en
I, sse- erlcred the $50-,4) statue of
4.,neral Janmcs I. Mcl'hersonl in the
wuare whlh h'ars hIis nnume.
TIe bronze Il'Oiilor of hIi fain outs
lt:igship, tile IHerlford. ;was ast into
the statue (If Admiral Fal'rarlgut.
Manil Is 1t!dlil ml'.s from iti' ,.)pittl.
iron visiling cards aire polpular int
(G,,rmalnny. "l'hllrIuilne is |)lrinted in sil.
ver., and forty of tile slheets only lnlas
utle ole-ttenth of 1:4 inch' in tlilkin'ess.
It is said t4it Ihe pea-I:mants of Syria
t:rt'' the, most c.nUs5r'tat4ive people in the
, ordl, shunning every innlovatior:.
'limir way of tilling the soil is itb
:nlue as that in iuse of 3I000 years ago.
A Worc'ester (Mss:l.l mtian has invent
ctl a typelwriter for writing music, li
elaims it will be of as much service in
1)ttting musical scores on paper as thle
ordinaary typewriter is in llroduciug
The death ol levi MeLaughlin. a
citizen of Wichlitn. Kan., has broug;nt.
t, light a story of his remarkable
ftndness for .hildren. He had twelve
;1 hlls own. of whoml eleven ailre now
ii\ing, but at different times !lI adopt
441 a roundl dozen more, including tive
urphans of one family.
A curiou; industry in some of tht'
j:'ovinces in Ching is time ,anunfacttur
ttf mock money for ocffering to the
d, ad. The. pieces are only half tlh:I
size of tile real coins, but the dlead are
-utpposed not to know the difference.
.hile dumnmy coins are Illade out of tin.
Iammenred to tile thinness of paper,
u,:sd stampedl out to the size required.
Barring the microscopic forms of
:re. the fly is the most prolific of all
I:re lower animals. I)During the sutr
r:*-r att least twelv generations of flies
: .: pr'oduced. and each female lays an
vernage of 120 eggs at a sitting. Nor
Cles she die,. like many insects. as a
r .sult of betr laIvrs. She recuperates,
:',d after a short time repeats tlhe
f fice for which she seems principally
I > have been rea.ted!.
"'1he d1 leai ll itr i' the luau who wt:1ta=
ART OF LOCK PICKING
JRDINARY ONES YIELD AT ONCE,
OTHERS EASILY PERSUADED.
.cothing, Unless It Be an Open Door,
Gives an Expert Burglar Less Trouble
Than an Average Lork - The Use
Skeleton Keys and "Picks.-"
When the householder gets ready to
:urn out the gas for the night preparn
:ory to turning in he makes the rounds
)f the house, turns all the keys to as
iure himself the outer doors atre
ocked, and goes to bed confident that
3o burglar can get in unless he saws
i hole in the door, says the Chicago
'hronicle. P,,t the householder Is
mistaken. Nothing, unless it be an
)pen door. gives an expert burglar less
-rouble than the average lock. "Plck
ug" a lock has come to be such a fine
irt that there are only a few lock.-,
ind those specially made to order,
which cannot be picked by n taian who
l'nows his business. Some Plophl
think they can fool the lock picke'r
by leaving the key in the lock on the
inside, so that the burglar cannot `in
.ert a "skeleton" key,- This only
makes things easier. The man who
knows how and has the lpropr rool'
:aun turn a key just as easily from
:he outer side of a door as though Ie
were on the side where the handle of
he key projects. A slender, strong pair
>f steel pliers properly applied will
:lutch the little end of the key which
txtends below the notches and turn
.t easily and silently.
But that is not lock pitcking. That
is child's play. To open a door whit.i
Mius been locked and from which the
key has been removed is a different
proposition. but ol0 policemen decla.,
there' ire very few, if any, doors on
)rdinary dwellings amnd fiat buildings
which are secured by locks able to
resist the advances of the burglar.
What are known as "skeleton" kei's
ire made like ordinary dodrkeys, only
the guards, which in regular keys con
tain several notches of different
lepths. are very thin and delicate. In
a bunich of these keys ea(ch one has a
guard just a shade wider -or longr
than the next one, and the burglar
tries them one by one until he usually
strikes one which will do the busines:;,
raise the proper tumblers in the lock
sn(d shoot the belt back. Where the
old fashioned "rim" locks are used, the
sort which are screwed to the door and
are now found only in very old frame
buildings or in the cheaper c(lass of
hotels, this is easy. Any one who has
ever lost Ihe key to one of these
locks lmust have discovered that rl
most any old key he borrowed from
the neighbors would turn the bolt. A
buttonhook will usually do it. Any
slight projection on a slender rod
which will raise the simple tumbler
in the lock will allow the bolt to be
But "mortise" lo.ks, the variety in
use in all modern buildings, which are
fitted into the edge of the door and
leave nothing showing but the brass
plate on the edge and the two key
holes are a bit more intricate in their
mechanism and are likely to hold thcl
burglar a moment or two longer. But
they will eventually yield to the gen
ile movements of the extslrt lock pick
?r. Whllen severail skeleton keys have
been tried and none is found to It tihe
proper one the "picks" which give tihe
art its name. are introduc-d. 'T'hese
ire slender bits of steel with one
turned up at a right angl,', reseniblini
t buttonhook with the "hook" straight
ened out to form an L. The long end
in the hand of the Iurglar, is so slen
dci that several of tithese can be in
s'irted at once in to tlhe cir'cular part
of the k ylhols', and they are put in
toe by one.',lacil one raising a tumbler
inld holding it up until the prI'oper'
lumbet" ouf tumllntlers atre ralised. vwhen
ilot Iol niov's iback antid the door is
'Iht'h'i' is inarl'y a liii k in town on
which tin (exat-it tlllt ot Il'forn thiss
'rit'k--thatl i, of thle lcotnomi vnariety,
' loht-'-a wxhict-I tr: ll rs otPeined lthrotigli
t keyhole froim 'ilit'er side of ithe Iloor.
With sitring lo.ks--or "night latch"
lock'. :s they are -ailled-the' work is
nole tItt'ii iti 'rformetllld with ta skeleton
tO',: tlbati wit h ilcitks. The' xtl('rt utir
glar is provided wilh a lpoiketful of
:lgitht htet'h key.s i-nt from steel or !ron
blanks'." tntld elth one hatvintg notchas
'• shadlt. tlifl'i'Irt l fo'im tl ih . others. in
the thtea:ile grade Of tiight lat"hes on:t
if i hose kity la i.s Iliih st 'ertain to
Irove ;a Untlehft of lth onIll on the
Kty riinlg on the houl hohler'. snugly
Islep nll,-idetl in perfect confildince ii
his hl .k.
Aitnd after tie hItu.s' has Ibet'n robbed
atil no one dist tllted tli', folks say:
"I can't see Low they got ii.i for the
door w ,as locked and We found it
locked hiis mioring."
'Tihe vtse bulglar t-akes ('are to -lose
Ilhe door 'l.hind himt so s to avert
suspiciion as loelg ::s ptossible.
Not all of the luck uicking is dtone
lay crimzinals, however. Some of the
most exipert men in that line are praie
theal locksmiths itnd employes of the
liug satfe-maklng firnis, who have spelnt
years in peering ioto locks and devis.
ing methods for making them proof
agaiist all attacks save those of the
keys intended for thema. The -attie
cont;tantly raging between the makers
of high-power shells and the makers
of armor ph:te is no more steadily
waged than that between lo'kmakers
and burglars-that is, makers; of locks
vwhich cost a a rrel of money, anit
are int oided to guardl valuabtles. The
so-called hurglar-proof safe of twenty
years ago would be laugthed at by
the safeblower of to-day. The time
lowk doors of a safe deposit vault, with
itheir ponderouts cranks ant screw.
thread uechanism are the highest type
of the lock expert's art. The7 are sun
posed to be absolutely proof against
everything except earthquakes and
properly applied dynamite. But when
they get ouit of order and refuser to
o)pen at the time appointed the lock
expert is sent for and after an hour or
two of gentle turning and twisting and
!istenlng to the :nterior clicking. he
-wings open the door and the trick is
Ordinary office aaies are "easy" for
lhe expert from the safe firm or even
in old-tinmer :n the locksmitl's busi
ls3. Quinte often through sowt, Inai;
vertence the ccmbination of a safe is
unknown to the oflice force. Perhaps
the one man who knew it has forgot
ten it or has died suddenly without
imparting the secret. The safe must
be opened wilthouf destroying the lock
and the expert comes. Afte: more or
less twisting of the knob and listeninug
to the tumblers, together with delicate
feeling of the resistance to the knob
as it turns under his fingers, he throws
ba'ek the bolts and opens the door.
Roll-top desks are a frequent cau.na
of trouble in this regard, as the own
er often locks his keys inside the "car
tain" when he draws it down for the
night. Next morning he sends for a
locksmith, and when he sees how easi
ly that deft Individual opens the desk
he bedrudges him fthe half dollar
charged for the job. Instead of bring
ing with him an armful df keys to try
on the lock the expert takes from his
pocket a ... of pliers made of very
thin, fiat steel. These he slips under
the roll top. immediately below the
keyhole. the jaws being open. A slight
pressure of the handle brings the jaws
together and as they press in the little
projectiocs which keep tile thing
locked tile desk is opened.
The night latch is ofte-l opened h3
burglars in a similar manner. Usual
ly the door closes against a thin strip
of wood nailed to the door Jamb or
casing. Imnanediately Inside this is the
bolt of the spring lock. the bevel side
out. The burglar has a thin blade of
steel like a case knife, but not not
springy, which he inserts between the
strip of wood and the casing itunedi
ately opposite the keyhole. Pressing
against the bevel edge of the bolt
causes it to slide back. almost as tauis
ly as the pressure of the key, and thl
door is opened.
SAUSAGES BY THE TON.
New York'a Supply Great Now and Still
The sausage is a much-slandered
viand. A nlau who makes sausages
told a Sun reporter so. and lie ought
to know. Moreover, he stoutly tm
sisted that he ate his own sausages,
and his wife backed him up ini the
statement. Surely one could not ask
further Iproof that tradition and the
comic papers have been all wrong. Tie
sausage jokes must be laid away with
the mossy jests about mothers-in-htw
and latch keys.
"Are all sausages clean and above
reproach'l" asked the reporter, with
the degree of sadness appropriate to
the passing of an old friend. .
The packing-house man grinned.
"Well, there are others," lie said
jovially. "but you don't get -them ;n
any decent market. Good butchers and
grocers buy sausage of good firms and
you are safe in Duying from the:m;
but don't you let any one persuade you
to buy cheap sausage. Ugh!"
Evidently a man in the business
knows the awful possibilities that lurk
in the tilling of sausage cases.
The amount of fresh sausages con
sumed every day in Greater New
York would make even a German open
his eyes. Every year the demand in
creases, and the packing houses and
private sausage makers turn out more
tons of the dyspepsia breeder. The
country sausage is easily first favorite.
Why it is called country sausage is one
of the mysteries hidden in the mazes
"'Why do they call it country saus
age:?" asked the reporter.
'"Because the hogs were raised in the
country," responded the packing-house
Probably that isn't the reason, but It
is as good as any other. There was :i
time when every farmer made his owii
sausages, just ons he cured hIls own
hams. and did without fresh meats;
but that was before the days of re
frigerator tars. ''To-day the farmer
Itys most of his provisions from thlt
nearest corner grocery, and the con
try sausage is a ciry product.
It's making isn't so fearful and won
derful as one might suppose. One m:iy
waltch the procenss unmov'ed and eat
sausages for breakfast the next morn
ing without quihering an eyelash. In
the tirst plaet a sausage factory
smells very gootd indeetd. There's a
hint of garlic abroad in the air, but it
goes along with sage and splt-es and
doesn't manke itself mtore ojinoxlols
thian is absolutely necessary. Then
the cooking pork andt the htluogna boll
lug in tile huge c-alirons offer savory
suggestions. anti one looks about for
Ithe alpple sate ::nd thile pull)pkin pile
that ought to garnish thie odor.
Everything in tlhe factory shines lit
aggressive cleanliness. The floomr is
spotless. tile sausage grinders and oth
er machinery arte dazzling, the work
men are innmaculate n white clothes
andt caps. The shoulders of pork and
the carefu'ly selected trimmings froml
the other cuts are put into the great
grinders. grounu and stralntedl. The
-ountry- sausage gets :t liberal sprink
ling of salt. pepper and sage and a
dasII of ,ayenne pepper.
'Part of it is lpacked as Iose sausage
nmett. The rest in stuffed into care
fully cleaned sheep nases or hog cases
and is ready for marret. Nothing
could be swifter and cleaner than the
whole process, anti the onlooker is
bound to regret any qualms hlie may
have felt in the earlier ddiys whcn his
taste for sausage struggled for mas
tery with his faith in the comic paper
-New York 8un.
An Electrie Automnobile Bell.
A new electric automobile Ibell has
been devised. Tile magnet incloses a
coll. and the hammer is a steel rod,
which has a reciprocating motion
through the ax's of the magnet. The
latter is inclined at a slight angle,
which carses one end of the rod to
strike one peal, the other end on its
return striking the opposite bell. As
they are differently tuned, the tone
producedt is harmonious. The bell can
be controlled by pushes on the ends of
the controlling lever.
Atehlioi's Sword SwsJwers.
People who eat with their knives are
now known as sword swallowers. By
the way, it is a sad commentary on
the slow spread of education when
you see people of apparent lntelligence
who have never heard that eating
with the knife is very had form, and
uot as efcient as eating with the forb
or spoon.--Atchlison Globe.
Governor-W. W. lipard,
Lieutenant- Governor-Albert Esto.
Secretary of Stale--John Michel.
Superintendent of Education-John
Auditor-W. S. Frazee.
Treasurer-Ledounx . Smith.
U. S. SENATORS.
Don Caffirey and S. D. McEsery.
1 District-it. C. Davey.
2 D)istric-Adolph Meyer.
3 District-R. F. Bronussard.
4 District--P Brazeale.
5 District-J. E. Ranadell.
6 Distric:--S. M. Robinson.
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Ig regualarly over it,thne avoiding the
blsys and annoyanoeinoident to trana
(hr ferry boat
A. .H. BAson, sea. r Agt,
Il.. A. RSo IL P1 LA. Memabla
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