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The Banner-Democrat. (Lake Providence, East Carroll Parish, La.) 1892-current, February 09, 1901, Image 1

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THE BANN ER=DEMOCR AT
VOL. XIII. LAKE PROVIDENCE EAST CARROLL PARISH, LA., SATURDAY. FEBRUARY 9 1901
........ .... . ....... ... ......[............L , . ... .,. . . [NT., and h. , ,. I State Governmia t of loilala
V L hn.or S the Londer of white men.
THE MEANS AND THE END.
A Devoted Striker, Two Engagements and a Freed Lieutenant.
By Owendolen Overton.
TRATHMOUE'S striker was a kind c
superior article in every way. much
His respect for constituted an- he'll
thority was as un-American instea
Be his face. He was tall and fine- decisil
looking, his English was quite as pol- Peark
ished as Strathmore's own; and- a loni
which was of infinitely more impor- her m
tance-he never touched whisky and The
cigars, nor went on a pay-day spree. more
So Strathmore felt himself justified in a me
supposing that he had murdered, or shoub
stolen, or forged, or something, at one a furl
time or another, and he shrewdly consk
guessed that Chester was not his real come
name. But that was no one's concern, tively
that he could see, and everybody "O"
knows that enlistment in the army of place.
the United States, even more than bap- strike
tism. is a new birth. know
Throughout the department Strath- Stre
more was known by the striker he agree
kept. This had its disadvantages, but "I ex;
the advantages outweighed. No one in yo
could have realized this better than report
Strathmore himself, and yet sometimes Che
he was moved, in the bosom of the tible
mess, to complain. "It is telling on and
me," he would insist; "I am slowly emerl
breaking down under the strain. I man
came across something in a French realls
book the other day about how few becat
masters are worthy to be valets. That's of us
just what I am striving to be, and he is
the failure is telling upon me. They he f.
used to," he explained complacently, with
"they used to say-when my name was of at
mentioned from Dan to Beersheeba- ever
'8trathmore, Strathmore of the quite
'steenth. Big, good-looking chap"' ter "
(Strathmore had picked up Chester's of th
manner of speech), "'one of the curl-i
Strathmores of Boston, isn't he? Now cape,
it's 'Strathmore? That's the chap his z
Chester's striking for?' Oh! yes; I vulgl
think I'll send Chester back to the ish 4
troop." is.
Which, of course, he never did. Apart me;
tfom the fact that he could never a bo:
have done without him, he could not a st
have had the heart. ter ii
Chester had been as good a soldier will
as he was a striker, but he had lan- for
guished under barrack rule. Exactly "th
for the reason that he never said so, for
It was plain that he had been used to can
better things. It was so plain that him
Strathmore would never have thought or 1
of suggesting to him to become a body- he i
servant, had not Chester himself- an I
when a desperado's bullet had left the ble
hosition vacant-volunteered. As a
striker Chester had many little lux- the
aries that he had lacked before-his fire
own room, his own bath-tub, and the
run of his master's small but choice gra
library. With the help of draperies he i
and blankets that Strathmore let him to
have, and with that of some potted he
plants he managed upon his own ac- do
count, he transformed the room into dno
quite a sybaritic retreat, and his lit- won
erary discrimination was a thing to A
wonder at. He tacked up colored sup- Bu
plements of the London Christmas pa- we
pews, and there was a photograph- ant
dust one-on his mantel-piece. It vas lies
of a woman who had soft eyes and
hair and a lovely mouth. Strathnore cor
ventured to ask who it was, one dlay.
and Chester told him that it was "en he
Englishwoman, sir." an
Now, this was in Texas, in the early anl
days shortly after the war, in the i
State of the Lone Star's palmiest he
time. 'there was much drinking in ha
the land, and much poker, as well, no the
pious general having as yet arisen to du
bid gambling cease. There was also hip
some shooting, but of unattached
women there were sadly few, and aT
those that were, were, generally, not an
rery nice. This condition of affairs ca
led to a good many unfortunate things. fi
Any man prefers even a second-rate
woman to none at all, and any man- hi
being deprived of a standard of com- B'
parison for a length of time will come
to think that an exceedingly poor ar- fi
icle is superior enough, after all
That was what happened to Strath
more. He should have known better,
because his youth had been spent
among women who were lovely la a
every way; but the memory of man
o short-and he was lonesome. There
Should be provision for this in the t
regulations. When a man gets any
of the ills that frontier service is apt
to induce, they bundle him off back
ICast on a sick leave: yet when-which 11
is infinitely more prejudicial to the
itanding of the service-he reaches the
stage of loneliness where he should
marry the Witch of Endor herself
rather than continue to be alone, there
is no one to indorse his application to t
be sent somewhere where he can find
the proper sort of gir.
8trathmore had been in the wilder
amess a matter of five years, and he
Was gradually, very gradually laps
Ing from civilisation. The first inti
gation of this that Chester had was
that the lieutenant made unnecessarily
frequent calls at a ranch-house some
ttu miles from the reservation. Ches
ter knew that a girl lived there-a
&'eadful girl, who had a plumply pret
ty figure and face. but whose speech
was a thing to shudder atand whose
name, besides being Halloran, was
Kamie Pearle. He also knew that if
that were not enough to set Strath
more's teeth on edge, he must be in a
very bad way.
All this worried Chester a great deaL
Frequent contemplation of his one
photograph had furnished him with
the standard of comparison wh!ch
Strathmore lacked, and he could me
what the outcome of things, as they
were goin& was bound te be. Hlie ex
plaained it to the photograph stand!ng
before the mantel-piece with his Lands
ja)nmmled deep in his trousers pockets
and a pucker on his brow, which was
fair to thIe Ile of the csp and quite
crimson froa there dowo . "If be
marries that free!ed iac I'saller9ma
girl," he said, "he'll want te aheot
Ilunit anml her the first timwt he goes
.. , ,
kind of regret that he hadn't done as "That'
much himself some time before-"or Stral
he'll compromise and take to drink Pearle
instead. No," he nodded his head "The
decisively, "he shall not marry Mamie "is Hi
Pearle, not"-he looked at the picture Hallor
a long tlme--"not if I have to marry "Oh!
her myself. Which heaven forefend!" eye hi
The next afternoon he found Strath- ance <
more in the sitting-room and proffered peated
a most unprecedented request. "T who y
should like, sir," he said. "to be given Ches
a furlough for a week." Strathmore -he r
considered acd frowned. "What'll be- Intent
come of me, Chester?" he asked, plain- Yanke
tively; "what will I do?" letting
"O'Toole has promised to take my Lovat
place, sir. He was Captain Lacy's that I
striker for several years, and he not-b
knows his duties, sir." he we
Strathmore sighed. "Very good," he it will
agreed, with sufficiently poor grace, Stra
"I expect I'll make out somehow. Put note.
In your application with the morning "It
report." Stra
Chester went away, feeling contemp- stand.
tible and small, and Strathmore sat fallen
and reflected dismally that it was Mami
emergencies of this sort that drove a that i
man to matrimony. He ought to have *
realised that when a man marries It v
because he thinks the woman can be Ing d
of use to him, rather than he to her, room
he is making a grave mistake. But had j
he fancied the vague dissatisfaction a qup
with his present lot was the yearning the p
of affection, and believed more than he co
ever that he cared for Miss Halloran Che
quite a creditable deal Before Ches- fainte
ter left the next day he stood in front marri
of the photograph again. "She'll wear "Ye
curl-papers and his forage-cap and to lea
cape," he reflected aloud. That was "01
his notion of the point beyond which Strat
vulgarity could not go. "It's a devil- migh
ish contemptible business, I know it engai
is. But then-my future's all behind Fos
me; and he is all ahead. He's only looke
r a boy. He has all ports of pull"-what trabl
a striker does not know about his mas- twin
ter is not worth considering at all-"he anot]
r will be able to get anything he asks quiel
for in Washington. Not," he mused, cisco
"' "that the American army offers much
for a young man just now. But he
o can get all it can give. If he behaves
it himself and marries the right kind- A *t
or better yet, doesn't marry at all
he may rise to the soaring height of
an attacheship. All things are poss!- mine
eI ble with pull" New
a He stopped and bent down to knock old
- the ashes from his brier-pipe into thle Boa
fire-place. Then he took the photo- nott
graph in his hand and started to put am
it in the grip that lay on his bunk. But you
i he changed his mind and tucked it In- don
, to the tray of his trunk instead. And ~I
he gave it a last look as he closed at
to down the I'd. "In which case," he wor
to finished, as he turned the key, "he cott
would be very likely to meet you." ex-(
to A hunting leave is only a week long. sena
P But a great deal can happen in a ame
week to a soldier who has cut loose and
and is accountable to no one, or to a hue
ad lieutenant madly determined to be- ths
or come just the other way. What hap- We
pened to Strathmore was, in sum, this: pal
en' The day after O'Toole took charge ant
he rode over to the Halloran ranch, nie
y and when he came back he was en- hoi
be gaged to marry Mamie Pearle. Whengo
Iet was done and he sat down to think, pre
he found that he was not so radiantly 'th
no happy as he had expected to be. But het
the way the sitting-room had been
dusted that morning had disgusted the
him, once and for all, with single life. the
The next day he was officer of the day be
not and couldn't leave the spot. The day esi
ira after that he had a cold which he had an
caught making his rounds, and it con- ly
fined him to the house. mi
As for Chester, the way he put in tic
Dn- his time never did become quite clear. as
mwe But for a period of six days there was ad
me a strange Englishman in a town some pr
fifteen miles the other side of Hallo of
ran ranch; some twenty-five miles that
teris, or more, from the post. It was a
e mud town, and its hotel was as bad
t as its reputation, but the Englishman gl
in stayed there. He wore a conspicuous
e suit of clothes, and spent money os- p
etentatiously. He let it be understood
that his name was Lovatt, and that
anyhe was a lord; also, that he was trav
apt ellng through the WVest, and might, if
he fancied the country, buy a ranch. tl
h It was probably with that end in view sl
the that he rode almost at once to the i
uh Halloran place and explained to the a
e haciendado that he would like to betl
e shown how a ranch was run. He met a
aert Miss Halloran, knd her father told him
find that che was engaged to a lieutenant n
at the neighboring post, but that a
Isevere cold was confining the officer t
I he to his house. He expressed a wish
p that Lovett might meet the lieutenant I:
ant- some day, and Lovett hoped that he
was would. It was possibly in this hope
a that he called at the ranch for six i
Ssuccessive days, but always--had he
omeknown it-at an hour when it was
s- qite unlikely that anyone would be
ret- coming over from the post. After that
eecb they saw him no more.
ose On the evening of the seventh day
s Chester was in charge of Strathmore's
t I quarters again. Strathmore was re
aath- covering from the cold, and he told
in Chester that he had missed him pro
fanely much. Everything had gone
deal. wrong. He asked what the striker
had been doing with his time.
t Chester threw an armful of wood
hc upon the fire. and stood up, brushing
d se the chipsl from his sleeve. "Well, sir,"
they be answered, "I have been getting en
e ex. ged."
dd!la Strathmore's Jaw fell That meant
ands that he would have to hunt a new
chets striker, of course. Then he remem
, was tered Mamie Pearle. "That's rather a
qqite coincidence, Chester; so have I."
It be Chester's congratulation was respect
sD tful, but not so ccra:l as it might
shoot j h , been. "I shall ask your permis
Soes jeton and the captaina's to marry, sir,"
cale gal --h- -~ .. . . . I
Strathmore accorded his own. "ra THE
I shall be sorry to lose you, Chester
very sorry. What is the girl's name?
Chester grew red all over his nile ONE TI
boyish face. He was finding out tha THi
saving another is not all heroism
necessarily. He produced a piece as A Plan
paper from his pocket--a piece oil res
flimsy, ruled, pink paper stamped wiltl Pri
a white dove. Strathmore gave a lit -
tle start. But Chester was doing thhi The
because he thought it best to deal the many
final blow at once, not to mince mat such el
ters in the least, and he did not hesi posed
tate. He smoothed out the sheet One of
"That's the pame, sir," he said. be tha
Strathmore read it. It was Mamle o'clock
Pearle. each :
"The last name," Chester explained, (and
"is Halloran. She's the daughter of hours
Halloran of the ranch." new a
"Oh!" said Strathmore, dryly. His and el
eye had caught a mis-spelled assur- over t
ance of enduring love. "Oh!" he re- watch
peated; "and may I ask if she knows one to
who you are?" for a
Chester grew more red still. "Well" at ha
-he reflected that an entirely honest half-p
intent could never be prefixed by that The
Yankee word-"well, sir, I began by thirtes
letting her think that my name was the "
Lovatt-part of it really is, sir-and correc
that I was titled and rich-which I am past
not-but"-he plucked up courage as only 1
he went on--"f she loves me of course ally i
it will be all right." the t
Strathmore handed him back the the
note. "And if she doesn't?" first 1
"It-it will be all right." one th
Strathmore aid not try to under- ,
stand. His opinion of Chester had The
fallen very low. As for his opinion of idian
Mamie Pearle he realized, suddenly. whicl
that it had not dropped half so far. come
" * * " " comp
It was almost retreat, on the follow- cial
ing day, when he took to Chester's to lit
room a bundle of London papers that sion
had just come by the stage. He cast contr
I a quick look around. "I see you've got of ti
the photograph of the girl out again," selec
he commented. ninel
I Chester nodded, but added, with the pan,
faintest shadow on his face: "She's a ka.
t married woman, sir." It is
r "Yes?" said Strathmore, and turned two
I to leave the room. Mon
3 "Oh, lieutenant'!" Chester called. cont
Strathmore stopped. "I thought you bla
might like to know, sir, that I'm not ther
t engaged any more." 6 p.
l For a full half minute Stratlhmnore east
9 looked into the Englishman's impene- Mon
,t trable blue eyes; then there came a bia
I- twinkle in his own. "It seems to be foul
e another coincidence, Chester." he said, in
s quietly, "for neither am I."-San Fran- nine
1, cisco Argonaut. Nev
h seer
IC EACH HAD SUSPICION. wes
- pod
- A Story of Two Partners, Both of Whom cor
Were Honorable Men. othe
t "My first business venture on my thel
own t~count, was in-well, never tha
mind the name of the city," said a
New Orleans merchant, chatting over it a
old times with some friends at the tint
"e Board of Trade. "The location has dat
- nothing to do with the little story I!
Ut am going to tell you, and, for reasons
ut you will understand in a moment, 1; I
n- don't care to be too specific. con
Id "I was a young chap of twenty-five wh
1d at the tiune, and, getting tired of der
he working for other people, I opened a -'Si
he cotton brokerage office with another rec
ex-clerk, who was considerably my Tu
ig. senior in years. We put up an equal ex,
a amount of capital and agreed to share' se
se and share alike in the profits and the plc
a hustling. From the very outset every, by
ýe- thing went remarkably well with us. the
lp We both had lots of friends, who took qu
is: pains to throw business in our hands, rol
,ge and the end of the year showed a very sa
ch. nice little balance of profit. Next year, gi
en- however, the results weren't quite as un
ien good, and I began to have a faint ap-, q
nk, prehension that I was getting a bit to
tly 'the worst of it,' he the saying goes. I th
3ut heard a vague rumor that my partner tb
een was living at a pretty fast gait, and I"
ted the more I thought about the matter, re
ie. the more dissatisfied and suspicious I T
lay became. You know how easily such ti
lay estrangements will grow upon a firm, p
bad and to make a long story short, I final- to
On- ly went to a detective agency that A
made a specialty of 'private investlga- c
SIn tions' and arranged to get a 'report,' 4,
ear. as they called it, on my associate. I s
was admit that it was a rather sneaking d
ane proceeding, and I felt secretly ashamed
lo- of myself for resorting to it, but I ar- v
that gued that it was my duty to know a
o a whether he was really in the way of, I
bad getting into any embarrassing entan- v
man glement. Well, in the course of a c
ous week or so, the agency made its re- a
os- port, and without going into details, I i
e may say that it completely exploded f
that all the disturbing gossip I had heard. i
raV- I realized after reading it that I had I
t if been doing my partner a deep injus
nch. tice, and of course, I was conscience
slew stricken. To make amends I determ
the ined to treat him with extra cordiality 1
the and at the same time it seemed to me
a be that his own bearing, which had been
met a little distant, became much more
blm friendly. At any rate, whatever cold
nant ness had existed soon passed away and
at 0 the three years of business associa
IBier ton that followed were singularly
wish pleasant. Then he received a flatter
nant ing offer from Liverpool, and went
it he there to live.
hope "One day several months after his
r 1 departure, I was looking over some old
d he papers and ran across a big envelope
was marked 'private and confidential.'
Id be Thinking it contained something re
that lating to the firm, I tore it open, and
what do you think I found?--a report
Sda on myself from the same detective
aore's agency I had hired to investigate my
a repartner. It seemed that our suspicious
told had been mutual."-New Orleans
I Times-Democrat.
triker Sounded Bad Enough.
Scene: A railway carriage. First
wood Artlst--"Children don't seem to sell
tshing now as they used."
i sir. Second Arilst (in a hoarse, whisper)
agen- "Well I was at Stodge's yesterday;
he has just knocked off three little
meant girls' heads; horrid raw things, when
Snew a dealer came in, sir bought 'em di
3mem- rectly; took 'em away, wet as they
ther a were, on the stretcher, and wanted
Stodge to let him have some more next
±0pct- week.t"
might Old Lady (putting her head out of
ermis- window and shrieked)-"Guard, stop
r, sir," the train and let me out or I'll be 3ur
-englr,--Wllt-Blt& - -
THE NEW TIME SYSTEII plsh thi
Sclock, wi
DNE THING THAT MAY COME WITH to have
THE TWENTIETH CENTUiRY. Fifty ye
a clepsy(
A Plan That Would Simplify Matte ofthe
Greatly-Need of a Universal Day and Athens.
Prime Meridian.-.Some Early Methods water ii
S..Cocoanuts Clocks..Tming by ater. stant le'
The new century will bring about float in
many changes, but perhaps none of was an 1
such everyday importance as the pro- rose, tra
posed new method of timekeeping. and so
One of the, most practical results will ble at a
be that noon at Greenwich will be 12 timepiec
o'clock all over the world. At present tions co
each day is spread over forty-eight those of
(and in some instances fifty-five) the octi
hours in different places. With the was enc
new system it will have it beginning was a '
and end within twenty-four hours all Trton.
over the globe. The hours on our toward
watches and clocks, too, will run from double
one to twenty-four. It would seem odd ndshed
for a while to order theatre carriages plh
at half-past twenty-two in place of
half-past ten. A sin
t The waggish reply "A quarter-past use amp
r thirteen" made by the policeman in a perfol
the "Bab Ballads" will become the a buck,
I correct way of indicating "a quarter to ente
Spast one." But, after all, this will become
5 only be an enlargement of what actu- norther
I ally begun as far back as 1886, when and at
the time for all "through" trains on tendani
D the Canadian Pacific Railroad was al. Ii
first reckoned in hours running from but wi
one to twenty-four. Is filled
, WILL PREVENT COMPLICATIONS. aowe(
The fixing of a universal prime mer- else is
idian will do away with the ambiguity years a
' which, as railways and telegraphs be- ens to
come multiplied lead to such confusing
complications in social and commer- ern cl
- cial affairs, to errors in chronology, ecl
8 to litigation in connection with succes- the ml
Lt sion to property, insurance matters, ment;
t contracts, etc. The present variations or bo
At of time are readily demonstrated by of a d
selecting points in four regions about
ninety degrees apart, for instance, Ja
ie pan, Arabia, Newfoundland and Alas- A C
a ka. On Sunday at midnight in Japan Greecp
it is noon in Newfoundland, and on speed
,d two distinct days, viz., Sunday and portal
Monday. To explain this apparently time '
d. contradictory statement note that Ara- perms
u bia being west of Japan, the time water
ot there (at midnight in Japan) would be ally i
6 p. m. Sunday, while in Alaska, being was I
re east of Japan, it would be 6 a. m. on ing ct
te- Monday. At 6 p. m. on Sunday in Ara- de t
a bia it must be Sunday noon in New- This
be foundland, and at 6 a. m. on Monday profit
id, in Alaska it must be Monday noon dvide
n- ninety degrees further east (i. e., in
Newfoundland, also). Thus it will be rough
seen by tracing time both east and rosu
west from a given point to its anti- the n
podes, the clock on the one hand be- senat
am come twelve hours slower, and on the the s
other hand twelve hours faster. And,
ny therefore, it follows, as already stated,
that when it is midnight on Sunday in An
Japan, at precisely that same moment crudi
it is noon at Newfoundland on two dis- ing t
the tinct days, namely, Sunday and Mon- lords
,as day. may
)no PERPLEXING PROBLEMS.
, It is only another application of this readh
complicated method of time reckoning whea
lye which gave rise to the following inci- at w
of dent: A telegraphic message, dated the
I a "Simla, 1.55 a. m., Wednesday," was the
her received in London at 11.47 p. m. on
my Tuesday. The clerk very naturally er <
ual exclaimed: "Why, this message was new
are sent off to-morrow." The same per
the plexing problem has been presented the
ry-, by imagining a car suspended from they
us. the sun, and in the car a man who in- bang
ook quires the day and time as a town W
ads, rolls eastward beneath him. The an- the
rery swer, "12 o'clock noon, Monday," is ture
ear, given. Presently another town comes mo
8. under the car. The man asks the same moc
ap-' question and receives the same reply, moc
bit for, of course, it must always be noon,
i. I the town being immediately beneath oi 1
ner the sun. Now comes the question, the
and "When will the man in the car firet lon
,tter receive the answer '12 o'clock noon,
us I Tuesday?'" The solution is found in bco
such the fact that in traveling across the e
Irm, Pacific from west to east one day has h
Inal- to be repeated before reaching the b
that American coast. If, for example, the the
tiga- correction be made on Saturday, July t
)Ort,' 4, there will be two Saturdays in the wh
e. I same week and two days of the month not
king dated July4. da4
imed It is this variation of time, too,
Iar- which forms the pivotal point of the
now story, "'Around the World in Eighty
iyof, Days," in which the traveler, who
ntan- wagered at his London club that he '1
of a could go around the world and be back ke'
S re- at the club in eighty days, so nearly dc
lli. I lost his bet. He had forgotten this dif- wl
loded ference of a day, and thought that he ha
eard. had completed his journey twenty-four sti
I had hours too late. It
ORDER OUT OP CAOB. t
e Does any one ask, "What is going tl
alite to straighten this out and bring about hi
otme order out of the existing chaos?" The es
oe answer is by simply putting into op
eration the results of the deliberations d
old of the international meridian confer- t
.y and ence, which met in Washington at the er
oda- invitation of President Arthur in Oc
olarly tober, 1884, for the express purpose ni
lr of establishing a prime meridian and I
went a universal day. This matter was al
freely discussed at the time by navit
er his gators and astronomers, and the hope k
r e was everywhere expressed that the t(
eo change would be effected on January
anl.' 1, 1901. At any rate it does not seem
ng re- possible that the adoption of the new
nnd system can be deferred very long af- i
e eort ter the commencement of the twenti- ,
tective eth century.
hte my CRUDE TIxRKIZPRS di
pleous Even with our present defective sys- '3
)rleans tem of time-reckoning, consider how C
many advantages we enjoy over the c
ancients. In the sixth century be- 1
fore Christ the sun dial, which is sup- I
First posed to have been invented by the a
to ell Chaldeans, was introduced into
Greece, probably by the Babylonians. I
Isper)-- It was only a pillar or staff, and was 4
terday; not graduated so as to indicate the I
e little passage of any particular fraction of a
, when day. When it cast a shadow six feet
'em di- long, the hour for bathing had arrived,
as they and supper was .eaten when the shad
wwnted ow became twelve feet long. Simple
renext as it was, it seemed to satisfy the
needs of that primitive race. It could
out of not, of course, be used indoors, nor
d, stop was it of any use on a cloudy day. It
Sr was merely a crude timekeeper, and
- -ould ot er)vep be used for cbekiD8
off certain brief periods. To accom N .J'A_
plash this the "Clepsydra," or water
clock, was invented, and Greece seems NHALERS
to have been the land of its originA.
Fifty years before the Christian era,
a clepsydra was erected in the "Tower
of the Winds" in the market place at low They
Athens. A running stream kept the "
water in an upper vessel at a con- of Va I
stant level. The discharge raised a Waiter
float in a lower vessel. On this float e Philp
was an indicator or hand, which, as it ePhie
rose, traveled over an adjacent scale reasing
and so gave a time indication, visl- %e -
ble at a distance. This was the public tnery Bs
timepiece of Athens, and its indica- td sub
tions could always be compared with' raders o
those of the sun dial on the frieze of Y. It a
the octagonal building by which it kEmo eve
was enclosed. At the top of the root Iave; he
was a weather vane in the form of aI aw of a
Triton, who pointed with his trident l, hOw(
toward the prevailing wind. Thus the to give
double purpose of a naval observatory value in
and a weather bureau was accom- tates ii
plished. which tc
oOOAxumr cLOCKS. therefor
A similar device has been found in The E
use among the Malay boatmen, where a savag
a perforated cocoanut shell floating in trader n
a bucket of water permits the fluid lng glas
to enter gradually. When the shell coast, a
becomes full an hour is recorded. In mer sea
northern India a copper bowl is used, skins al
and at the moment it sinks the at- he woul
tendant strikes the hour upon the met- charact
I al. In China the same idea occurs, w
but with this difference, the vessel Articl
is filled and drop by drop the water is Not a f
allowed to flow out. gold ft
Coming down to our own day, what the ide
else is the sandglass, which a few made I
years ago was in common use in kitch- at leas
ens to show the cook when the pose w
eggs were boiled? And is not the mod- era are
ern clock based on the same prin- the sle
ciples? In the clepsydra the water is Is eveI
the motor; the perforation, the escape- visible
ment; while the sinking of the shell Iles fo
a or bowl is the index of the completion the as
i of a definite period. It w
I TIMING SPEacBHS BY WATER. cent 3
. A curious use of the clepsydra in trated
n Greece was for limiting the length of Arctic
,n speeches in the courts. In very im- sale si
d portant cases an additional amount of Pacific
ly time was allowed, and each side was year, 1
a- permitted as much as fifty gallons of consid
1e water, necessitating the use of unusn- slaugl
) ally large amphorae. When a speaker to the
was interrupted, to save the time be- pletioi
)n ing charged against him he would or- Arctic
der the official to "stop the water." Ing be
This practice might be revived with Al
my profit The
The system of timekeeping in Rome ers o:
in divided the day and night into four this
watches, which were determined scarce
ad roughly by observing the courses of add t
tithe sun and stars. Noon was publicly son's
announced by an official who from the other
he senate watched for the appearance of are n
d, the sun at a certain point. Nortl
ad, AMONG THE INDIANS. of Bi
in Among the Montagnais Indians a one i
'ut crude form of sun dial is used in hunt- year.
11s- ing to let the squaws, who follow their vesse
on- lords and masters, know whether they navij
may "take it easy" or "hurry up," for Eve
they might fare badly if they lagged stocic
behind when their husbands were cruis
his ready for supper. And so the men Unit,
Ing when hunting erect in the snow a stick thou,
tI- at some well-known place and draw meni
the exact line of the stick's shadow in limit
on the snow before going on. When the of C
ol women arrive with their pots and oth- trad
ly er cooking utensils they note the but
a new line of the shadow, and by ob- of tl
per serving the angle which it forms with al u
ted the line already drawn in the snow
they can tell how far ahead their hus
bands are. hip
With all Indian tribes the season of s
an- the year is indicated by observing na- of
ture's own processes and not by chai
mes months. Thus the changing of the
pme moon, the budding of the trees, the sugi
ply, falling of the leaves, the coming and cut
ath going of the birds, all are symbolical ml
Sof the various seasons. Even among l
firt the farmers in Virginia, not so veryskh
o long ago the proper time for planting
n corn was "when the hickory leaves
d in became as large as a squirrel's ear." h
h The Indians have no clocks or me
has chanical devices for telling the time,
the but it is known that in Zuni and Mokl nOL
uthe the Pueblo Indians tell the arrival of of
J tl noon by setting up stones and noticing sca
thwhen the shadows are shortest. It is no
not uncommon on farms even nowa
too days to have the "hands" say that
when they can "stand on their heads" to
it is time to go to dinner. Po
who A cmxBnUsOMU MUTHOD, te
it he The old Japanese method of time- Wi
back keeping was very cumbersome. The toe
early clock was in charge of an attendant, to
addf- whose duty it was to change the sk
at he hands so as to keep pace with the con
'--our stantly changing length of the days. id
It was all right so long as the man at-th
tended to his duties. le
Reverting once more to ancient th
going times, it is well to bear in mind that w
about had it not been for Julius Caesar, who Ye
SThe established certain regulations which sa
oo op were formulated as the Julian calen- he
stfon dar, and Pope Gregory XIII., who in y
onfer- the sixteenth century recognised sev- y
at the eral errors and defects in time reck- 81
a Oc- oning and succeeded in devising his a
rp now well-known methods for correct- it
n and Ing them, we might still be hedged p
was about with such confusing conditions
nart- as would make it hard for a man to
Shope know whether he should get up or go tl
Lt the to bed.-Washington Star.
Lunar y _____________--- _
seem Ovverrowalns and TbOeU*losiA .
e new . A. Knopf declares that lack of air
au af- and light, intemperance and under
fenti- feeding help to create In the body the
best soil for the invasion, growth and
development of the tubercle bacilli.
Ss These conditions predominate in many
r how of the city tenements. He then speaks
er the of the great danger attending the care
ry be- less disposal of tuberculous spotum.
is sp- Damp and soil fosters tuberculosis; 1
by the model tenements built on good soll
into with proper drainage will go far to
onan s. stamp out this disease. Overcrowding
ad wasof all institutions as well as dwellings
ite the should be avoided. The creation of
onof a schools of forestry would give usefual
,i feet and healthful employment to a num
arrived, ber of men, as well as rendering the
a shad- regions more healthful.-.Medical Be
Smmple ord
ct coul Cm letows in Orest nrith.
r nor In 100 Britons you will And only
aay. It forty-three light complexioned against
erand fitty-one darlL. ~' otbemt ix a reed
-b cl maglled, -
N LAND.0FPOLAR BRAIE of huor
.----- A sallor 1
NHALERS' TRADE WITH WARY AND ers after
SMERRY ESKIMO. fat, omil
Sboys, girl
sow The Gaet Baer Peltss Chesp.Nat.tiYs over th
Anxious eor Useful Alles ad aOt- lag men
tera TIlrsnkets, Give in Return neaps goods an
of Valuable Animal Sina .
Walter E. Clark writes as follows to Ofter a
Mhe Philadelphia Record from Port riduculoi
Clarence, Alaska: Through the in he will
.reasing contact with white tnen from seems to
'the States" who visit the far North you real
:tery summer, the Eskimos of Arctic At the p
Imd sub-Arctic Alaska have become one pair
traders of great shrewdness and abilt ty low f
,y. It can never be said that an Esb who buy
lmo ever got more in trade than he Eskim
gave; he usually gets much less. The of foot.
Saw of supply and demand is unlvers. the Esh
il, however, and the native is glad white a
to give articles which are of great and on
value in the markets of the United rtory a
States in exchange for cheap thiggs lojk coe
which to him are rare and useful, and, five mil
therefore, valuable. Nome, I
a The Eskimo is not to be regarded as It ca
ea savage, for he is far from it. A white 1
SI trader might bring a ship load of look. the Eak
ii Ing glasses and glittering beads to this Sea; in
II coast, and at the end of the short sum- harmt
a mer season he would have no bear lag am
I, skins and no fox skins nor ivory, but enforce
t. he would know more about the Eskimo and ml
r- character. ..liquor
* WILL TBADE WITHrr ATIrE. are ve
p Articles more useful are demanded. drink
Not a few men who have failed in the in tra
gold fields this year have conceived harmtf
at the idea that there is money to be the Al
W made in trading with the natives, and tented
h- at least one expedition for this pur worse,
pose was fitted out this year, and oth- not in
ers are promised for next season. But
n' the slender population on these coasts
is is every year becoming less, and the Elej
'e- visible supply of furs and other art- two be
cles formerly brought out for trade by All ai
o the natives is decreasing. when
It was only until comparatively re- ears
cent years that whaling ships pene
In trated to any extent into the waters of A
of Arctic Alaska. Owing to the whole- many
m- sale slaughter of whales in the North water
of Pacific the catch became smaller each ladde:
,as year, until ships entered every year in of th
of considerable numbers Bering Sea. The rainl
sn- slaughter of whales being transferred
wr to these waters, and resulting in de- Tw
be- pletion, the whaling ships entered the a ho
or- Arctic Ocean in search of the retreat- tortu
r." Ing bow-head. const
ith AFlTE rnTH wnALe Has aOrTH. a ma
The whaling men are the great trad-. also
emr ers of the region north and west of
ued this port. Whales are cometimes An
scarce, and the whalers are glad to the t
oy add to the precarious profits of a sea- a. a
the son's catch by trading for furs and wart
of other products of the country, There husb
are native settlements on the coast of tor a
Northern Alaska and on the slands
of Bering Sea, where not more than A 1
s a one ship is seen in the course of a lives
unt- year. At other places three or four laid
heir vessels call during the short season of as a
hey navigation. ally
for Every whaling vessel carries its yolk
;ged stock of "trade goods" on a Northern whil
rere cruise, and even the officers of the
men United States Revenue cutter Bear, A
tick though in the service of the Govera- repc
raw ment, are allowed to take along a own
w in limited amount of trade. In the case plo.
the of Government officers, however, the his
oth- trading is not carried on for profit, fist,
the but for the purpose of obtaining relics the
ob- of the country and articles for person- viel
with 4l use. fia
now BTA LB MATIVE WAT, lost
The "trade goods" stock of a whaling
in of ship consists of a pretty definite list T
nn. of articles, and the small variety bee
changes little from year to year. The nlv
the list includes flour in bags, cloth, tea, go
the sugar, tobacco, hard bread or sea bil- em
and cults, cartridges, needles and thread. tee
.lical The native has to offer in exchange re0
mukloks, or walrus hide boots; foz ho
r skins, walruse ivory, bear skins, deer wI
eting skins, ivory bottons and various na- na
eaves tive implements and devices prised by t
ea.r white men as curio es.
m For brown and polar bear skins the M(
time, trader goes to the Eskimo settlements i
Moki north of Bering Strait on the ahores
ral of of the Arctic Ocean. Bear skins wee th
ticing scarce this summer, for what reason se
It is no one seems able to explain. he
owa- PomA Ean raraTS CEBAP. Ri
that Nearly every summer it is possible t
eads" to find several of these beautifutal white W
Polar bear pelts at the principal set. cl
tlements between Cape Prince of hE
time Wales and Point Barrow. Every year, DI
The too, the Eskimo seems to be disposed
adant, to demand a little higher prices for his t'
e the sklns. ea
e con- They are gradually getting a vague 51
days. Idea of the market value of these
ian at- things in the United 8tatee; neverthe- a
less, It is usually possible to buy on
aient the Arctic coast a flne Polar bear skin
d that worth several hundred dollars In New U
r, who York or Boston, for three or four small La
which sacks of floor, two or three cases of tl
calen- hard bread and a few cartridges. If o
who in you make the trade on these terms U
:d sev- you have paid from $15 to $20 for the p
a reck- skin. Frequently it is possible to buy I c
ng his a Polar bear skin for less than $15Z; t
orrect- it is hard to say what the average
hedged price is.
iditions az wram e , |
an to The visit of a whallng ship to one of 1
por go these native settlements always eax
cites interest among the Eskimos
5 very much like that experienced by the
i merchants in a small provincial city
when the circus came to town.
under- The Eskimos think all white men
ody the are crasy. This is averred by all whites
rth and who know the Eskimo language and
bacll. overhear the natives' conversation.
a maty They have been in no land but their
Sspeaks own, and they cannot understand why
he care white men should dig ground for gold
potm. and do queer things unless they are
rculosis; the victims of unbalanced minds.
D sol As soon as the ship drope anchor the
far M natives are seen coming off in their
oumniaks and kyake-men women and
welllngs children, the whole population. Near
ation o l every one of them has a "poke" or
e etfl sort of pouch made of the whole skin
a nm- of a hair seal slaung over his shoulder.
ring the
cSKIMO ALWAT5 MERE?.
In these are contained the tfurs and
Ivory and boots that they wish to
ai. trade. Nearly every one of them boa
hid only a paddle, which he wields vigaorousl
I against in his eagerness to rewach the ship
. There is a great deal of shotintg ane
3abbstiorf ad Iauhiqg, tfo the >
ktine Is always merry, and his sense State
of hu'nor is the wonder of white men. L b
A sailor throws a line from the whal
er's afterdeck, and in a moment short, Govern
fat, smiling Eskimo men, women and Liente,
boys, girls and children are rolling uP pinal.
over the sides of the ship. The whal- Secrets
ing men then bring up their trade Superi
goods and the barter begins. V. i
rorPUAaB Fn IOOT WZAB
Offer a native a price which to him is
riduculously low for his goods, and Don Cafl
he will probably laugh at you. He
seems to think it a good joke, and that 1 Dist
you really cannot mean to be serious. 2 Diet
At the price of four yards of calico for 8 Diat
one pair of mukloks, which is a pret- 4 Dial
ty low figure, the profit to the whaler 5 Diet
who buys them is enormous. 6 Dial
Eskimos mukloks are the best kind
of footwear for the region in which 0,&
the Eskimos lives, and thousands of *
white men in the Alaska mining camps "
and on the trails throughout the Ter- *
ritory wear them in the winter. Muk- "
loks cost $0 a pair at Nome, seventy- e
five miles from here. Calico, even at
Nome, Is only fifteen cents a yard.
8 It cannot be said that contact with
" white men is of very much benefit fo
the Eskimo on either side of the Bering
b Sea; in many respects it is distinctly
1 harmful. The laws against liquor sell
sL ing among the natives are very strictly
it enforced, but the whalers evade it,
io and mischief always results. Even if
liquor is not sold to the natives they
are very likely to make an alcoholic
d. drink from flour and sugar, obtained
be in trade, and the consequepces are
id harmful. Left alone, the natives on
be the American side are happy and con
ed tented with a lot which might be far * Ii
r. worse, and which the white man is
h. not improving. .
at
its CURIOUS FACTS,
he Elephants have only eight teeth-
two below and two above on each side. * Si
by All an elephant's baby teeth fall out "
when the animal is about fouriteen *
years old, and a new set grows. 1
ne- *
of A curious barometer is used in Ger
le- many and Switzerland. It is a jar of *
-th water, with a frog and a little step- *
Leb ladder in it. When the frog comes out
'h of the water and sits on the steps a
ree rainstorm will soon occur. "
de- Two sparrows, which were building
the a home on a house in Philadelphia un
at- fortunately used live matches in its
construction. One of them pecked on
a match head and burned their home,
ad. also setting fire to the house.
of An Ionia (Mich.)woman has reversed U
to the usual order of things by inserting
sea- an advertisement in the local papers ý
and warning people against trusting her
ere husband, as she will not be responsible
t of for any debts of hi contracting.
de -
ban A hen belonging to T. C.Linney,who
f a lives near Harrodsburg, Ky., recently CAb
tour laid an egg which was twice as heavy
n of as an ordinary egg. It was accident- Maki
ally broken, and it was found that the
its yolk had turned to glass, while the
hern white was of a spongy substance. H
the -nol
lear., curious case of loss of memory is ol
rera- reported from Worms. A small land- lalt
Lg a owner was struck by lightning while
case plowing, the flash passed through amp
the his hat. leaving a hole as large as a Bon
rot, fist, then down his neck and through 80n
ellic the plow handle into the ground. The Tes
rson- victim, who was ill for several days,
finally recovered, but he his entirely pUl
lost his memory.
aliaS Von Moltke as a Novell+st
slla t The German people generally nave
lrlety been celebrating the one hundredth an- J1
The aliversary of the birth of General Von
tea, Moltke, than whom no soldier of the A
t bil- empire stands higher in the public es
Sead teem. Among other facts brought out
ange regarding his life is the statement that
;ox he wrote a novel of much promise, in
deer which there to much of poetry and rc
Sna mance. It was written when he was a
edby young lieutenant of twenty-six, in
search of health among the Silesian
s the Mountains, and deals with incidents
met in Frederick the Great's seven-year
hoe war. The story is doubly interesting in
I wre that its hero is obviously Moltke him
-eason self under the name of Helm, and its
heroine his first love, the Countess
Reidhenbach, under the title of Coun
tssble teses Eichanbach. It is a story some
white what loose in construction and defi
al set- dent in plot, but there are plenty of
e of hairbreadth escapes, secret doors and
r year, passionate love making.
spaoed The future field marshal was at that
for hi time an authority on love. "A maid
en's love," says the world famous
vague strategist, "must be won, but once
these given it is like an avalanche which
verthe nothing can retard, which gathers in
ty on impetuoslty. A man's love, on the
ar skin other hand, is too often like a flame
La New which goes out when it has no nour
r small lshment * * * Love with women is
ms of the dominant passion, excluding all
es. If others; it is the aim of their lives, their
Stermslife itself. In the case of a man love
for the pales before other interests, and at the
to buy call of honor it pales like the stars at
an $15; the rising of the sun." I
Telephones In Russia.
The growth of the telephone system
in Russia is now consialderable, al
o n of though it has been slow as compared
sys ex with other countries. According to
iskms some recent statistics there were in
bbythe Russia an aggregate of some 35,000
Smiles of telephone wires, about half of
which is State and half private con
ite men cerns. The use of the telephone and
whthe number of subscribers are, how
age and ver, rapidly increasing, and some im
eaton. portant lines between some of the
t their larger cities are under contemplation
and why or already completed. In the Baltic
oprovinces there ar- some large tele
ey a phone systems, but they do not appear
to be altogether satisfactorily con
chor the structed, inasmuch as the different
intheir lines, which are frequently of consid
e and rable length, have no connection with
sa Near- each other. This is attributable main
'poke" or ly to Government restrictions where
e State telephones already exist.
T Tbhe Simplon Tunnol.
urs and Iatest advices from Switzerland are
wish to ro the effect that the penetration Ia
them has he 81mplon tunnel has now reached
!_orousll 'S,1268 feet, and the entirely completed
the shiJ' .ortion is 10,280 feet. Three thoasand
ttlng ant vorkmen are employed on the Swhis
Sm ie  dle 4 350.0 on te Italian sld e, .
State Government of oImiana.
Governor-W, W. Heard,
Lieutenant- Governor-Albert Esto.
pinsal.
Secretary of State-John Michel.
Superintendent of Educatio---Johu
V. Calhoun.
Auditor-W. S. Frasee.
Treasurer-Ledonu E. Smith.
U. S. SENATORS.
Don Caffarey and S. D. MoEnery.
BEPRESENTATIVES.
1 Distriot--t. C. Davey.
2 District---Adolph Meyer.
8 District-B. F. Broussard,
4 District-P. Braseale.
5 District-J. E. Ransdell.
6 District-S. M. Robinson.
..""....e""""eee"eee****
0 *
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S NthW ORLs.ANS. LA*
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Railroad maintains
Unsurpassed : Dally : Snrien
ng betwe*
IIW OL]EAIS & IlFIHIS
e connecting at Memphis with
trains of the Illinois Oma
tral Bailroad for
tly Cairo, St. Louis, Chicago, Cin
avy oinnati, Louisville,
ent- making direct connections with through
the trains for all points
tho NORTH, EAST AHO WEST,
including Buffalo, Pittsburg, Oleve
id- land, Boston, New York, Philadelphia,
ile Baltimore, RBihmond, St. Paul, Min
ugh neapolis, Omaha, Kansas City, 1iot
Bppangs, Ark., and Denver. Close
a eonnetion at Chioago witb Central
gh Mississippi Valley Route, Solid Fast
The Yetibuled Daily Trains for
irly DUBUQUE. SIOUX FALLS, SIOUX CITY,
and the West. Particulars of agents
of the Y. & M. V. and connecting line
Wa. Mujns, Div. Pas. Agt.,
save New Orleans
h an- Jxo. A. Sootr, Div. Pas Agt.,
Von Memphis.
the A. H. nsr, G. P. A.,
'c es- Chiago.
tout W. . araml, A. . P.
that . i.--. --w
tee In__
asa a
ng- North and South.
mImare Only direct route to
erein UuI, 5t, Lits, dhals , time Cli
,3,O nd ade-s poins
ht a of ar
t that PLadr Iornl raintes sTe ad the ou
Sthewe.
ameFast Time
ImenClose ConnectIis
oni'ough Pullman Paaets S1epe
tetNow Orleans d Mth e p,
rm as s ity. t. Louis and uth.e
hpared Out hneir g roetea o e
i,000 and ail poine to ell pl
ea peat seeO l bridge spanning t
rme lm- Jar csa , V(cfrirh , ad n OWM -
of th n ra·ll point i Te d thue Svoidin the
dinoerentyncidntto trM'
oon w lth SttPiw**nNo Orleans t. d Memphs
dleeman- eOty B. Lo- - a-d hiMic
ide, .. i 4, e o, C Ia~ L W. A.. rY

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