Newspaper Page Text
'THE BA NN R= D MCRAT.
VOL. XIII. LAKE PROVIDENCE. EAST CARROLL PARISH, LA., SATURDAY. MARCH 23, 1901 NO. 45.
AS FAR AS I KNOW.
"As far as I know," said a person one
"There 4s naught in this world but
what is Just right;
I have all I want both to eat and to
The flowers I gather are fragrant and
The birds in the trees always sing a
And as far as I know there is nothing
"All the people I know are loyal and
And I am contented in body and mind;
I read about folks who are awfully
About souls that are weary and hearts
that are sad,
About children that quarrel and people
But as far as I know everything is all
"I read there are people who do many
That on them the worst kind of suffer
That women are wicked and men are
And sinfulness runneth society thro',
But as far as I know-as far as I
I gnnot affirm that these stories are
The person who said that, as far as
Was a child of six years, and to her
it was true;
O, what would we give could we all
There Is naught in the world but what
is Just right!
That we have all we want to eat and
And that Justice and goodness abound
-Thomas F. Porter, in the Boston
Three Worklig Girs.
as asuas roanarr GRAVEs
"Tea is ready, girls," said Saba
It was no luxurious repast of but
tered toast, fragrant Oolong, honey
and preserves; no comfortable repast
of cold fowl, tongue, potted meats and
blcult hot from the oven.
When Saba Thorn called it "tea,"
she merely used a conventionalism.
It was only a scanty meal of baker's
bread, with a pat of cheap butter, a
little smoked beef, which had been
bought from the corner grocer's in a
brown-paper cover, and some milk and
water, blue and tasteless; for Baba
and her two cousins found it necessary
to economise very strictly indeed.
Saba worked for an upholsterer. All
day long she stitched pillow-ticks and
tufted mattresses in a dark room,
where there was a prevailing smell
of rancid geese-feathers.
Her cousin, Helen, stood behind
the counter of a milliner's shop on
the Bowery; and little Kate-the
youngest of the three-was "packer"
in a fancy store, and could do up more
neat paper parcels in a given time than
would be believed possible.
They were all three pallid and color
less, like plants that had grown in a
cellar. They all three had a certain
languor of manner, and spoke in low,
They lived together in this one room
with a little alcove running out of it,
because it was the cheapest mode of
erxistence, and because their scant
earnings, clubbed together, could be
laid out to better advantage than if
expended singly. Moreover, to these
poor, homeless girls, there was a home
teeling in being together.
"I don't feel hungry," said Helen,
with a grimace.
"I am so tired of bread and butter!"
lsighed little Kate. "Oh, if I could only
have some of the stewed grapes that
mother used to makel"
"Oh, that reminds me," said Saba.
taking a letter off the mantel. "I've
heard from old Mrs. Plnkney. She
wants us to buy a fashionable fall bon
net for her it we can get it for a dol
Iar and a half; and to look out for a
bargain for Louisa Jane's winter
trock. She wants the very best qual
Ity, and she can't go higher than thir
ty-seven cents a yard. And she wishes
to know it we are acquainted with
anybody in the business who will dye
ever her pea-green silk skirt at half
Helen shrugged her shoulders.
"She must think we have plenty of
time to execute her commissions," said
'Thirty-seven cents a yard!" cried
little Kate. "And a fall hat for a dol
lar and a halt. Does the woman ex
"But that isn't all," said Saba.
"Uncle John is very poor. She thinks
his relations ought to look after him."
"Uncle John!" said Kate.
"Poor!" echoed Helen.
"But what has become of all his
money ?" said little Kate, intently knit
ting her brows.
"I'm sure I don't know," said Saba.
"Mrs. Plnkney doesn't go into partic
ulars. All the rest of the letter is
about the sewing society, and the
chicken cholera, which has carried
off so many of her fowls."
"He must have been persuaded into
investing in some of those dreadful
mining stocks!" said little Kate.
"But. girls," said Saba, "what are
we to do?"
"Preciselyjwhat be has always done
to us," said Helen. "Let him alone."
"No, no, Helen!" pleaded little Kate.
Don't talk so. Remember, he is the
only uncle we have got He was aur
"And what has he ever done for
us?" retorted Helen, ittrly.
'That don't signity," reasoned Baba.
"He is old and feeble. He needs our
ear That is enough.
"abs is right," uarged Iittle Kate.
"Uele John mues't be left to die
"But what can we daT' said Helen.
"We can't bring him here!"
"No," said Saba. "It would break
his heart to take him away from the
pine forests. We must go to him."
"And all starve together?" said
Helen. "I don't see that that would
be much of an Improvement on the
present state of things."
"Listen," said Saba, lifting an au
thoritative forefinger. From a trifling
snlority in years, and a somewhat
greater experience in the world of
work," Saba had become quite an
oracle, "I've been considering it. I
can do the housework for Uncle John."
"Yes," said Helen.
"Of course," said little Kate. "And
if he hasn't been obliged to sell the
cow, we can perhaps have real creamy
milk, and now and then a little cottage
cheese. Oh, wouldn't that be splen
"Helen could make bonnets for the
farmers' wives," suggested Saba. "The
women out there know what a pretty
bonnet is as well as any one, only they
can't get it."
"Bravo!" cried Helen, clapping her
hands. "I do think I have rather a
genius for the business!"
"And little Kate could go out to
plain sewing by the day, among the
neighbors," added Saba. "Or help
around in soap-making and preserv
Ing times. There are a good many whoj
would pay fifty cents a day and board
for good intelligout help. And that is
a deal more than she earns here."
Little Kate looked rather sober.
"I have my doubts about the plan
working," said she. "But I couldn't
stay here, away from you. If you all
go, why, so will I."
"Then," went on Saba, "I've laid up
six dollars toward a winter coat. Uncle
John wants it more thad I do. I'll
keep it for him."
"There is my ten dollars in the sav
ings-bank," added Helen. "I did want
a pair of thick boots and a warm
winter wrap. But if Uncle John is
really in need"
"I haven't saved any money," said
little Kate, sorrowfully. "How could
I, with my wages of two dollars a
week? But I will do all that I can
"You are dear, generous girls, both
of you,"said Saba. "It may be a little
hard, Just at first, but it is clearly
our duty to go to Uncle John. And I
will write and tell him so this very
"Do," said Helen. "I'll borrow Miss
Clitch's ink-bottle, and there are a pen
and two sheets of paper In the wash
stand drawer. I can buy a postage
stamp at the druggist's on the corner.
"Wouldn't a postal-card be cheep
er?" said wise little Kate.
But Saba shook her head.
"Would you put Uncle John's pov
erty on a postal-card?" said she. -
And little Kate answered, somewhat
"I didn't think of that. I only
thought o( economizing a cent. I
wonder if the time will ever come
when we don't have to think of sav
And little Kate put on her hat and
tripped around to the druggist's,
where one particular clerk put him
self out to wait upon her.
"She has got a face like a daisy,"
said the druggist's clerk. "If ever I
marry, I should like a wife like that!
No, she's not much of a customer of
ours, but I have seen her at church
meetings, and I walk home with her
sometimes of an evening. She lives
in Timm's tenement-house with her
sister and cousin, and works in Gra
cey's store. That's all I know about
her. But she always makes me think
of a wild flower."
Uncle John Jaycox was sitting by
his fireside when his niece's letter
came. The fire of birch logs blazed
gloriously up the chimney;'a pair of
fat, home-run candles glittered on the
table. In all the room there was no
evidence of griping poverty.
"Yes," said Uncle John to a tall
young man who sat opposite, "I guess
I'll have you here to run the farm for
me, Israel Penfield. It's gettin' too
much for me to manage alone. But as
for some woman to keep house for me,
now that Anastasia Grixon has been
fool enough to marry old Simpson-
Eh? what?-a letter? I'm obleeged to
you, Miss Pinkney! Stop and take a
warm while I read it, and I'll glt you
a basket of gilliflower apples to carry
home afterward. They're jest sp'ilin'
to be eaten, them gilliflowers is."
But as he perused his letter, a curi
ous expression stole over his rugged
"Sakes alive!" said he, stamping
one foot on the floor. "What in cie
atlon does all this mean? I guess we'll
have enough housekeepers, Isel.
Here's my three nieces from New
York a-comln' to live with me, beetuse
Mrs. Pinkney here has writ 'em that
I've lost my property. And there
goin' to take care of me. Weli I
"I didn't write no sich!" whined
Mrs. Pinkney, with rather an alarxmed
air. "I only said you was dreadful poor
in health. I meant the lumbago any
rheumatiz. I didn't say nothin' about
"Well. no matter what you said, nir
what you didn't say," declared Uncle
John, crumpling up the letter in his
hand and staring at the fire. "The
gals think I'm poor, and they're com
in' here to support me, and make a
home for me in my old age--bless their
hearts! I don't know why they should
do it," he added, with a conscience
stricken face. "I never did nothin'
for them. And Kate and Helen are
my sister Jane's darters, and Saba is
Hepsy's only child. And they're work
in' for a livin', and I've got more'n I
know what to with. It's a shame,
now, ain't it, that things is so un
evenly divided ?"
"Just exactly what I've always
said," quietly remarked Israel Pen
Uncle John Jaycox looked at Israel
with a queer twinkle in his opaque
"I declare," said he, "them gala has
taght me a lesson! I don't need to be
took care of in my old age; but I swan
to oodness.! It would be kind of
pleasant to have three gals around,
lookin' arter the old ma~. I'm a mind
t tr, it,"
"I wold, itf I was you," said la=i
So, when Saba, Helen and little
Kate arrived, Uncle John received
them with a warm welcome.
"Nieces," said he, "I ain't poor, nor
I ain't likely to be; but I'm glad to
see you. I'm glad to know that there's
any one in the world cares enough for
the old man to come and look arter
him, without no expectation of bein'
paid for it. It sort o' shores up my
confidence in human natur'. Come in
-come In! There's plenty of room for
you all in the old farm-house. Come
in and welcome."
The three girls looked at each other.
"Ought we to stay?" they asked
"Yes," whispered little Kate. "There
are two red cows in the field. I saw
"And the air smells so sweet!" said
"And Uncle John spoke as if he was
really, really glad to see us," said
Saba. "Oh, yes, let us stay!"
Nor did any of the contracting par
ties ever regret the misunderstanding
which had brought them so curiously
Little Kate went back to the city,.
after a year or two, to marry the
druggist's clerk, who was now set
ting up In a small way for himself,
and had come down to the country
after the daisy-faced girl who had
once attracted his attention.
Helen is engaged to marry Israel
Penfleld, and they are to have a reg
ular old-fashioned' wedding when the
dresses are made.
And Saba-quiet Saba-is to stay
with Uncle John. to read the news
papers to him and cheer Op the long,
"For I couldn't get along without
the girl, nohow!" says Uncle John,
MINOR ANIMALS' MISERIES.
Boston Society Which Would Make Away
With the Worthless.
That is a popular idea which actu
ates the promoters of ' the Animal
Rescue League-that it is the duty of
the community to see that no living
being is permitted to live and suffer.
It is pleasant to note that at its annual
meeting yesterday the league showed
a gratifying progress in the good work
accomplished under its direction in
behalf of the four-footed waifs of the
city. Its work appears not only to be
in accordance with humane senti
ment, but In the Interest of sanitary
science. No thinking person is likely
to gainsay the league's proposition that
the health of the community demands
that unclaimed animals be properly
looked after and not allowed to spread
contagion among healthy animals and
children. Humanity demands, too,
that outcast cats and dogs should not
be permitted to remain as targets for
There is no doubt that the founders
of the Animal Rescue League were
correct in their idea that a place in
Boston, conveniently located, where
lost, homeless and neglected cats and
dogs could be taken would fill a long
felt want. The experience of the past
six months would alone seem to prove
the fact; 2,280 cats and dogs taken up
from the streets-one can scarcely con
ceive what that involves in lessening
of misery for the animals and for the
quiet and order of the thoroughfares
and back alleys. But this new hu
mane institution is not in any sense a
home for indigent animals. It is rather
a clearing house wherein animals in
fit condition are passed on to homes in
which they are wanted and for those
whose lives are simply misery provis
ion is made at nominal cost for put
ting them mercifully out of existence.
The supporters of the Institution hold
the belief that it is not right to spend
money in keeping alive dogs and cats
that are of no use to anybody or com
fort to themselves. They hold, too,
that in the interests of sanitary
science, animals should not be kept to
gether in close quarters, as is done in
some animal homes, for disease is sure
Yet although the Animal Rescue
League is not a sheltering home or a
refuge, as its name might suggest, it
is not to be supposed that any healthy
animal is deprived of life simply be
cause it has no home. That 150 only
were found fit to be placed in homes
last year, shows the extent to which
disease is generated in deserted and
neglected animals. The league seems
to have a specific and helpful mission
to perform. It is to be hoped that its
work will expand to include the estab
lishment of the projected country an
nex and a home of rest for horses
similar to thay now so successfully
conducted in London. And all this
not more for the suffering animals
rescued than for the helping of hu
manity to the finer feelings and higher
living to which so many are born
strangers and grow up in that condl
Board of Green Cloth- Its Functions.
You have heArd much of the Board
of Green Cloth, but probably you do
not know what its functions are and
the need of it from a financial point
of view. First, it takes its name from
a green cloth spread over the table at
which the board sits. This board is
presided over by the Lord Steward,
who, with the inferior officers, sits to
pass the accounts of the royal house
hold. It Is the countinghouse of the
Queen's 'stablishment, and at the
same time a little court of justice,
with power to correct all offenders
who break the peace of the verge
which means the court royal-which
extends every way for 209 yards from
the gate of the palace. Without a
warrant frst obtained from this board
no servant of the household can be
arrested for debt, so to le a queen's
servant is to some extent on a par
with being a member of Parliament.-
iowa's Une.viable Distinction
Iowa is one of the few states not
represented in Statuary ball at the
national capital and members of Con
gress from the Hawkeye state are
considerlng whether it is not time to
abolan thle Wnenviable v bltlctiona,
NOTES OF INTEREST ON NUMEROUS
r FEMININE SUBJECTS.
The Scholarly Miss Rodkinson-Montana's
Woman Lawyer-The Styles in Hair
r Dressingr-The American Girl's Atfrac
e tions-Flower Pickers of Grasse-Eto.
SCHOLARLY MISS RODKINSON.
d Rosamond Rodkinson, a native of
Vienna, only 24 years of age, is assist
s ing her father, Dr. Michael L. Rodkin
v son, to give the world the first com
plete translation of the Babylonian
Talmud ever prepared. For the last
five years Miss Rodkinson has been
traveling all through the United
States, endeavoring to interest all
Hebrew communities and all scholars
of other religions in this enormous
undertaking. Siss Rodkinson is said
to be the only woman living who has
a thorough knowledge of the Talmud.
MONTANA'S WOMAN LAWYER.
Mrs. Ella Knowles Haskell, of Hel
ena, Mont., is the first woman lawyer
from the state of Montana, the first
woman assistant attorney general in
the United States, and she has receiv
ed the largest fee ever paid to a legal
practitioner of the gentler sex, which
fee was $10,000, for her services in a
case involving valuable copper and
silver mines in Butte City. in which
James B. Haggin, the multi-million
aire of California, was the plaintiff.
She defeated Mr. Haggin's attorneys
with flying colors.
"She is the only woman," says
Joaquin Miller In his "History of Mon
tana," "who ever went to Washing
ton as the accredited representative of
a sovereign state on official business."
This was in her capacity as assistant
attorney general, and on this occa
sion she saved to Montana school
lands amounting in value to $200,000,
appearing in person before the Land
In 1891 she received the Populist
nomination for attorney general, but
was defeated by Henry J. Haskell,
Republican, whom she married a year
THE STYLES OF HAIR DRESSING.
It is reported by some foreign au
thority on fashions that dyeing the
hair is entirely out of style, dark, nat
ural tints being the mode once again.
Change In the way of doing the hair
isa one of the great secrets of success
in dress, providing the style is always
In harmony with the shape of the head
and contour of the face. There Is an
evident effort to lower the chignon to
the nap of the neck, but this mode
is not readily accepted by all women,
so for the present the hair is arranged
high on the head for evening dress,
and a little below the crown for or
Many young girls adopt the low style
of hair dressing, which is very pretty
with the new gypsy hat. Another
point in fashionable hair dressing is
bringing the locks well down on the
forehead, either parted at one side or
in a soft pompadour falling over the
. The decorations are the varying
point in hair dressing for evening, ind
anything between diadem diamond
combs and a simple rose seems to be
permissible. Diamond pins in circles,
crescents and oblong shapes are worn
at the back with a comb above and
side combs and an ornamental bow in
addition. In fact, this craze for deco
ration Is so often overdone that the
later fancy for one or two roses is a
pretty relief from the barbaric ten
dencies of the day. The new gold
roses are charming In the dark hair,
and some of the colors are quite as
IHE AMERICAN GIRL'S ATTRAC
The Duke of Manchester, who prac
tises what he preaches, says that for
eign noblemen marry American girls
because they are beautiful, witty,
graceful, high-bred, original, innocent,
audacious, intellectual and practical.
That is to say, because they are the
sum of all the virtues. But isn't it
odd that practically all of the girls
sought by these foreign gentry are
rich? There are dead loads of
American girls who have all the quali
ties enumerated by the big duke, and
yet do not contract foreign alliances.
With few exceptions, foreign noblemen
are attracted only to rich American
girls. Of course, it may be only a
coincidence, but it suggests all sorts
of Idle speculations.-St. Louis Post
FLOWER PICKERS OF GRASSE.
The peasant women and girls of
Grasse, In the south of France, are
kept employed in picking and sorting
flowers for perfume, Grasse being the
centre of that industry. Violet gather
ing begins in March; jessamine, orange
blossom, rose and tuberose in May;
the mignonette in August, and the
cassia In September. The work of
picking is done between 5 and 11
o'clock In the morning, the rebnainder
of the day being spent In sorting and
picking apart the flowers. The per
fume making begins with spreading
the petals upon layers of pure lard
that covers plates of glass, and the
flower layers are renewed three or
four times before the fat has become
thoroughly saturated with the per
fume. This perfumed lard Is the
"pomade" of commerce, out of which
are made extracts and fine pomades.
SULKERS' CORNERS FOR WOM
The sulkers' corner is a feature of
some of the up-to-date women's clubs.
It has been claimed with justice that
women could not be quiet in their
clubs; that if a woman tried to sit
still and take no Aotice of her sister
members, she was an object of com
miseratlon or of suspicion, and was
either "rescued" or forced out of her
The sulky corner-often a whole
room-is for the beneft of those wom
n wbo wish to be let alone, Any one
retiring to such a carer s t not be
spoken to, and no one must occupy the
corner and from it invite conversation.
Here the woman who likes to be still
and either watch others or dream them
into unreality may find peace. An
increasing demand for chairs in the
s-9lky corner is reported.
The club of any pretensions keeps a I
maid always in attendance, and the
maid is supposed to be ready to fasten
on a button, mend a glove, or catch
firm a slipped skirt binding. Many
women whose business or pleasure
takes them much from home belong to
a club merely for the privilege of
"running in for repairs," including
sometimes a cup of tea. This shows
that women are learning to make the
club a matter of comfort and conven- I
lence and less a place of gossip, dis- r
play and- strenuous social effort.- r
The Japanese baby is a funny brown
creature, with snapping black eyes I
and a full crop of stiff black hair.
That is, he would have a full crop if I
his mother did not shave his head, I
sometimes as bare as a croquet ball, I
but oftener into all sorts of fancy I
patterns. A favorite fashion is to leave
two little tufts at the sides, and a
larger one about the size of a saucer
on the top of his head.
He is seldom carried in his moth- 1
er's arms, as an English baby is, but
as soon as he is two or three months
old he commences his travels in the
world "pick-a-back," on the shoulders
of an older brother or sister.
Japanese children, as well as the
grown people, all wear a loose gar
ment called a "kimono." The kimono
is so loose that the baby can be tuck
ed inside and tied on with the sash,
and thus he is carried about, peeping
curiously with his bright black eyes
over his sister's shoulders at the great
new world. Asleep, his poor little
shaven head bobs helplessly round,
and the glare of the sun beats on his
His little body is. entirely covered
by the kimono, and the children, when
they are carrying their small brothers
and sisters, look as though they were
two-headed. But they play tag, and t
prisoner's base, and fly kites, and plmy r
ball just the same, whether they carry a
the baby or not. And he seems to en- t
Joy it, too; for he hardly e'er cries, I.
and when the game is especially lively f
he will laugh and crow as though he r
understood it all.-Woman's Life. i1
A PLEA FOR LONG SKIRTS. a
While radical dress reform leads t
womankind nearer and nearer to the t
possession of the clothes of our fath- a
ers, let one faint voice in the land be I
heard in favor of the skirts of our I
mothers. According to modern science. I
the dress of women should be a grim 1
demonstration of hygiene. A congress a
of doctors of all nations assembled in t
Rome has figured to a dot the number a
of deadly bacilli possible to be gather- e
ed to the square inch of a woman's I
train. In Boston, the board of health
has formally prescribed short skirts c
for women school teachers. The a
warnings of scienco thus are unmis- a
takable, and they are not lightly to be r
But what of woman's mission to be a
lovely? Does this no longer enter into p
reckonings of the utilities of the sex?
A short-skirted woman on the street,
except in a deluge of rain, is a blow
to one's ideals. The older the woman
the greater the blow. "Verily," says
Carlyle, "clothes do tallorize and de
moralize us." True, Indeed, concern
ing the abbreviated, ankle-displaying
skirt of the hoydenish "new" girl; P
truer still of the mannish middle- c
aged and old ladies who, caring not for a
the size, shape, style of their feet, car
ing not for the subtle charm of mys
tery which belonged originally to e
woman, reduce dress to a convenience b
of rapid transit, a grim assurance of '
the public health, and an artless an- d
nouncement of Indifference to appear- C
Gold gauze is used to cover the en
tire front of the bodice and to form a
An exquisite evening gown is of a
white crepe de Chine, trimmed with b
gold lace. a
The daintiest little vests are respon
sible for the smart relieving note in
many of the simpler outdoor cos
There seems to be no way of elud- t
ing the bolcro effect. It appears in
some way, shape or form on all the b
Special favor is shown to black Ina
gowns, ostumes. cloth and velvet
wraps, gloves and simple elegant mil
linery for the winter.
Triple capes are having a long run of p
success, and here again can a severe
garment be softened by collars of a r
thick, heavy guipure. (
Blouses with several sets of re
movable sleeves are a novelty. When e
worn, the separate sleeve is merely
slipped into place and basted. a
Evening skirts are exceedingly long,
but the pointed train and the fishtall
shape are not in favor, and the extra k
length falls in long, equal folds.
Many Jackets of black fur have col- o
lars of white velvet or, more modish I
still, ermine. There is an increasing p
interest in black and white con- t
Lace collars are extremely fashion
able on all sorts of gowns. They are
called, one and all, Louis XIII. collars, S
but so they be of lace and any ways t
broad at all, they are smart enough.
Cloak and coat collars are very
much trimmed on the inside, with
shirred black liberty silks. The shir- C
rings hae tucks so as to give them a
full and becoming surface and 'in- C
crease the collar warmth. o
Self-importance makes a grea
man stoop and a little min bend over
backward.-New York Pres.
There's more oin a clock than lap-
penars on the face of It.
Ia TEMS OF INTEREST ON ACRICUL
e TURAL TOPICS.
h When an Animal Is "Rips"-The Combus
y tion of Hay-The Valm of Wheat Bran
e The Dairy Cow-A Poultry Keeper's
t Worst Enemy-Etc., Eto.
WHEN AN ANIMAL IS "RIPE."
e An animal should be marketed when
It is "ripe;" that is, as soon as it is
. ready for market. When an animal
reaches a certain stage the increase in
weight is slow or nothing, and every
day that It is retained it entails a loss,
for the reason that it consumes food
a and makes no increase. The greatest
s gain is from young stock because of
rapid growth, and the nearer the an
f imal appraches maturity the slower the
1, increase in weight. During the cold
1, season more food is required for sup
y port than in summer.
a THE COMBUSTION OF HAY.
r A few scientists have ventured to
deny the theory of spontaneous com
bustion of hay. Farmers who have
it lost barns from conflagrations which
8 could be traced to no other source
e were firm enough in their belief that
an ounce of "such fact was worth a
pound of scientific theory which held
that hay could not be raised to the
point of combustion in the haymow.
0 The question has been investigated by
an official of the United States Weath
er Bureau, who found that fermenta
tion with moist hay may raise the
temperature to 374 degrees Fahren
heit, at which high temperafure clover
hay will ignite. The mooted point may
therefore be accepted as settled from
a scientific point of view.-Montana
VALUE OF WHEAT BRAN.
e That a ton of good wheat bran con
I tains more protein than a ton of corn
r meal, and is therefore more valuable
r as a milk producing food, or for build
- ing up the bone and muscle on grow
ing stock, Is well known to many
r farmers. Not so many know that the
B manure made from bran-fed animals
is more valuable than that made from
corn, yet this is also true, and there
are those who sell corn or use It only
to feed to fattening stock and buy bran
to give to milch cows, breeding stock
of all kinds, and growing young stock.
But there is a considerable difference
r n the quality of bran. Some samples
have been found which analyzed over
18 per cent. of protein, and others not
B much over 12 per cent., or about two
I thirds the amount of this most valu
e able element. Spring wheat bran av
erages better than the winter wheat
bran, or nearly 16 per cent. protein
1 with 4.34 per cent. fat and 52.86 per
3 cent. of starchy matter. This bran
should always be sold on a guaranteed
analysis, and at a value very nearly
represented by the protein found in it.
If that having the least protein is sold
at $12 it may be more profitable to
pay $16 for the best that can be found.
THE DAIRY COW.
Professor W. J. Spillman, of the
Washington Agricultural Experiment
Station, recently talked on "The Dairy
Cow and Her Food." Professor Spill
man has given much study to the
points which indicate a good dairy
cow and is acquiring a reputation as
an accurate Judge. He said if he were
picking the good dairy cows out of a
herd he would see first how much each
cow can eat. The profitable cow must
be a big eater. Don't take the cow
with a pinched nose, because that Int
dicates a delicate constitution. The
cows selected should have flaring
nostrils, big months and strong Jaws.
If the cow is a big eater and a good
milch cow she will have a great ab
dominal capacity-be deep through the
body, wide also. A long body is in
dicative of stamina. The next thing to
find out is whether the cow n4akes
meat or milk of what she eats. If she
has been giving milk three or four
months, the dairy cow will be thin and
angular, no matter how well she has
been fed, but if she has been well fed
and is not sick she will look healthy
Among the most important Ind!ea
tions of a good cow are the milk
secreting organs. First look at tLe
milk veinas. These do not convey milk
to the udder, but carry away from the
udder blood from which the milk las
been made. As a large amount of milk
cannot be made in the adder without
a large dflow of blooa, large veins show
a large secretion of milk.
If a cow is really a fine dairy cow
the veins on the udder also stand out
The adder should not hang down
Svery low, but should be large and ex
tended well forward and back in the
form of a semi-dcircle.--Oregon Agri
A POULTRY KEEPER'S WORST
SThe worst enemy that a poultry
Skeeper has to contend with is mites.
These little fiends suck the very life
out of chickens at all stages of growth.
SLet me say, in the first place, that all
Sperches should be movable, so that
they can be easily treated for the ban
ishment of Insects. If mites get among
your poultry adopt the following: Soak
four or five corn cobs in kerosene.
Stick the end of one of these cobs on
the end of a piece of stiff fence wire
that is long enough to keep the hand
from being burned, and set fire to the
cob; then bring the flames In conltact
Swith the perches and the joints and
cracks of the coop. Generally I pour
oil into the joints in which the perches
fit and set fire to It. After this treat
ment I whitewash the entire inside, in
eluding the perches. I always put
kerosene or crude carbolic acid in the
! whitewash. Oncegotten rid of, the coop
can be kept practically free of either
lice or mites, If it is whltewashel once
a onathb .doea4 out ace e week and
new litter put in. I USe wheat straw
chaff. Destroy the nests of English
sparrows that are near the coops, for
these nests are always lousy. They
should be burned.-N. A. Bitler into The
STARTING WINTER HOTBEDS
H. B. Kinney, MIassachusetts.
The number of sash that the garden
er can use to advantage depends as
much as anything on the amount of
fresh meaure that he can get at a rea-
sonable price, which we shall consider
about $4 per cord delivered. The cost
of starting a hotbed may be considered
about $5 a sash. While this would
have been sufficient to put up a very
good ran two years ago, it is doubtful
whether at the present time it could
be -done for that price. It would in
clude fence, plank, sash, mats and
shutters. The sash and shutters should
be well painted.
The gardener generally sets his hot
beds in the open field. He first puts
up a board fence 6 or 7 feet high, fac
ing the south and slanting back some
18 or 20 inches at the top. The posts
should be 5 or 6 inches through at the
top and set 8 feet in the ground. We
hold the boaras to the posts by two
coach screws to each post. These
screws pass through narrow cleats
with a large washer between the cleat
and the screw-head. The boards are
taken down in the summer and used
to blanch early celery. We mark every
board before it is taken down and
then by using each fence by itself
there is very little trouble in putting
it up again. We leave the cleats
screwed to the post and seldom have
to bore a new hole. We set the plank
farther from the fence than many, as
we wish to have plenty of room to
walk between the bed and the mats
when they are rolled.
We set a line three feet or a little
more, from the bottom of the fence,
and from twelve to fifteen inches
above the ground, and if possible, draw
It tight, so as to give the bed as nearly
an even fall as possible. It is not well
to have the bed exactly level, as the
water does not work off so well, but
we do not' like to have it fall too
much. If this line is drawn tight and
stakes put in often enough to prevent
it from sagging, all that it is neces
sary to do is to set a line of plank the
length you, wish the bed. Plank
twelve inches' wide and two Inches
thick are none too heavy. These are
held in place by stakes about three
feet long and three inches wide, sharp
ened and driven two to the plank. The
end ones should be nailed to both
planks and come to the top of the
plank to break the joint. It is not so
particular about the centre ones. Pieces
of rough boards are all r.ght for these
stakes. Nine-penny nails are the best
size to use for nailing the stakes to
the plank if the stakes are one inch
thick, and by nailing through the
stare into the plank it does not tear
the plank to pieces much when taken
down, as they are every summer.
Five Inches seems to be about the right
amount of fall on a six-foot sash.-IH.
R. Kinney, in American Agrieulturist.
METALS USED BY JEWELERS.
Efforts Made by the Mint Director to Keep
" Track of it.
The director of the mint at Wash
ington, D. C., has for many years
made an estimate of the amount of
gold and silver consumed in this coun
try in our industrial arts and manu
factures, which estimate has been
based upon the bullion supplied by the
mints and assay offices, as well as the
figures from private refineries and
manufacturers to whom Inquiry has
been sent on this subject. For the
last decade, however, experts have
seriously questioned the estimates of
the coin in eirculatlon and coin con
sumed in the arts, as made by the
Bureau of the Mint on these figures
and on the table based on an elabor
ate investigation made in 1885. To
remove all doubts on this subject and
to accurately determine the consump
tion of gold and silver, both bars and
coin, in the Industrial arts in the
United States, the director of the pint,
last December, sent circulars to Jew
elers throughout the country, asking as
a favor that the Jewelers fill out the
blank showing the amount of coin or
ba·rs, goldor silver, which they con
samed, either in their repair work or
in manufacturing. The returns from
these inquiries, though by no means
complete, served to make much more
accurate the figures on the consump
tion of gold and silver, in the last re
port of the director of the mint, and
an effort will now be made to obtain
even fuller returns for the next report.
With this object in view, a circular
and blank, similar to that sent out last
year, will be issued to all manufactur
ers using gold or silver, as well as to
all jewelers, including those who do
even the smallest of repair work, with
the request that the recipients fill in
the figures required. In doing this, the
Jeweler may feel sure that his figures
will never be used except in making
a grand total and will be held strictly
confidential by the Treasury Depart
ment. Among the reasons which it is
believed caused persons-in the past to
hesitate in answering these inquirier,
was te fear that they had, in using
up coin, inadvertently violated a stat
ute and that an admission to this fact
might be used against them. Such a
fear, however, is absolutely without
foundation, as there is no contention
that the use of gold coin in manufac
tures is contrary to law.
The only object in asking for the In
formation is to enable the Treasury
Oepartment to estimate as accurately
as possible the money now on hand,
"by determining the amount of United
States coin lost annually by being
melted up for manufacturing purposes.
It is not claimed that any manufac
turer is required by law to give the
information, but, as there is no reason
why she should not and every reason
why be should, for the benefit of all,
it is confidently hoped that the re
spouses from the Jewelry trade to the
department's new circular, soon to be
sent out, will be as complete and sat
ifatory as the authorities of the mint
can desr~t--lwirq' Qireolur Week.
State GOlerait of01 Lil!siana.
Governor-W. W. If. ar'l,
Lieutenant- Governor-Albert Esto
Secretary of State- ohn Michel.
Superintendent of Education-Dohs
Auditor-W. S. Frazee.
Treasurer-Led'nx E. Smith.
U. S. SENATORS.
Don Caffcrey ant S. D. McEnery.
1 District-e. C. Davey.
2 Distriot-Ado!ph Meyer.
8 Distritl-R. F. BIronuerd.
4 Distriet-P. Brazenle.
6 District-T. E. Ranudell.
6 District-S. M. iRobinson.
S W Otteens. La.
r. o false pro·la made,
o hbritanm sPraotlrced.
Over N00 Gold and SUvrer Med
ala Dlploa gte.,..wCrdA
ae by AmertiaS and European
Course lnaltdes Exzert Ae
tecsting snd ditg, asd
i Geranteed Xi her and
SSlpedor to any uvter la the
south. We own ouE college
ibuilnlg and ve unequalled
alutlese and a unaeoelUd
GESIU.ft Sbold n potloSp all over the
aHVing anmeroas bu iness onnectlons and
beia universally and reputably known, we
have "ýppeerfr ad In aiding atudentao
1A atere Is sesectid with Sould College
in whieb studeat do actual buranses with
seal geds and actual mowey, and they keep
the bok In the latest labor saving torms.
Stldelts eater at any time. Knglish., Ae
demle, horthand and Business schools. All
segaate fsemltles. Bead for eatalogue.
ddresls Ro. sOU.0 & sOsL
*e*oooooooo*e *ee*e*e*i Es
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dg regularly er Ithu avoidilng the
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1. A Msi 1 . 4. Vsm.